Tropical Wet (Rainforest)

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1 Tropical Wet (Rainforest) 1 Tropical Wet Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) The climate on eastern sides of continents are influenced by maritime tropical air masses. Examples: Amazon Basin; Congo Basin of equatorial Africa; East Indies, from Sumatra to New Guinea. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 1

2 Tropical Wet & Dry (Savannah) 2 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) A seasonal change occurs between wet tropical air masses and dry tropical air masses. Examples: India, Indochina, West Africa, southern Africa, South America and the north coast of Australia SAISD Social Studies Department Page 2

3 Dry Tropical (Desert/Arid) 3 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) These desert climates are found in low-latitude deserts approximately between 18 to 28 in both hemispheres. these latitude belts are centered on the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, which lie just north and south of the equator. Global Range: southwestern United States and northern Mexico; Argentina; north Africa; south Africa; central part of Australia. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 3

4 Semiarid (Grasslands) 4 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) These dry climates are limited to the interiors of North America and Eurasia. Ocean air masses are blocked by mountain ranges to the west and south. Global Position: western North America (Great Basin, Columbia Plateau, Great Plains); Eurasian interior. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 4

5 Mediterranean (Chaparral) 5 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) Global Position: central and southern California; coastal zones bordering the Mediterranean Sea; coastal Western Australia and South Australia; Chilean coast; Cape Town region of South Africa. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 5

6 Humid Subtropical 6 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) The humid subtropical climate can be found in the southeastern United States, southeastern South America; coastal southeast South Africa; eastern Australia; eastern Asia from northern India through south China to Japan. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 6

7 Marine West Coast (Oceanic) 7 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) The distribution of the climate is greatly influenced by the orientation of mountain systems in North America and Europe. It is likewise found along coastal Chile in NOAA South America. The marine west coast climate extends further inland into northwest Europe than in North America due to the orientation of mountains. This climate is also found on the southeast coast of Australia and New Zealand. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 7

8 Humid Continental 8 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) This climate is in the polar front zone - the battleground of polar and tropical air masses. Global Position: eastern parts of the United States and southern Canada; northern China; Korea; Japan; central and eastern Europe. NOAA SAISD Social Studies Department Page 8

9 Subarctic 9 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) The subarctic climate is only found in the Northern Hemisphere because there is no large landmass at the same latitude in thesouthern Hemisphere. Vast expanses of the subarctic climate stretch across northern North America U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service from Newfoundland to Alaska. Subarctic climate is found in northern Eurasia from Scandinavia through most of Siberia. The subarctic climate has brief, cool summers and bitterly cold winters. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 9

10 Tundra 10 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) The tundra climate is a transitional climate between the Subarctic and Ice cap USGS climates. Tundras are found in eastern and western reaches in North America and Eurasia. SAISD Social Studies Department Page 10

11 Climate Zones: Ice Cap 11 Temperature ( ºF) Precipitation (inches) The ice cap climate experiences the coldest temperatures on earth. NOAA Located near the poles, climatologists have described the ice cap climate as a "polar desert". SAISD Social Studies Department Page 11

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