Critical Thinking Challenge!

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1 Critical Thinking Challenge!

2 Be prepared to define the following key vocabulary: rural Rainforest Biodiversity Biome slash and burn farming Deforestation Ecotourism sustainable

3 Physical Geography Review of Latin America--- OBJECTIVE: 4A explain how elevation, latitude, wind systems, ocean currents, position on a continent, and mountain barriers influence temperature, precipitation, and distribution of climate regions. LET S START WITH LEMPOSA, CLIMATE AND VEGETATION!! What is LEMPOSA anyway? Quickly write down what each letter stands for L atitude Elevation M ountain barriers Proximity to water O cean currents Storms Atmospheric pressure **You will also need a map of Latin America on your desk to refer to as we review**

4 Based on your experience with the mapping lab, what are some of the most common climate and vegetation types in Latin America? What climate factor is the reason for tropical climate? What type of vegetation do you see in the picture? rainforest Where might it be found in this region? Amazon Rainforest What climate is indicated by the vegetation shown in the picture? Tropical Wet What are positives and negatives of this type of climate and vegetation? Resource of wood not navigable, difficult terrain to get to and from

5 Elevation Zones: Elevation affects climate and climate affects vegetation, animals and how people live. Copy this diagram in your notes. You do not have to Copy it EXACTLY. Critical thinking: What elevation is called the tree line and what do you think that might mean? What part of Latin America is most affected by elevation? What do Geographers call climate in an area with high elevation?

6

7 Most of Mexico has an arid or semi-arid climate. What are the LEMPOSA factors that create these dry conditions? The Atacama Desert on the coast of Chile is one of the driest places in the world. WHY?

8 Let s talk about STORMS What types of natural disasters related to climate is this region prone to at certain times of the year? El Nino is abnormally warm ocean water. When this occurs it disrupts climate patterns around the world. Using what you know about ocean currents affect on climate, what might happen during an El Nino? It will make the climate warmer more precipitation more rain. And if El Nino is warmer than usual water, what do you infer would be a La Nina? It will make the climate colder less precipitation less rain/dryer.

9 What latitudes does the region span? Use major lines and also latitude zones (mid, high, low) Name an example of physical geography that is similar to and one that is different from North America.

10 Based on your experience with the mapping lab, does Latin America have a wealth of natural resources? What countries had the most oil resources? What impact do you expect that to have on the level of development of those countries? What were some of the most common types of land use in Latin America? What level of economic activity does that type of land use indicate for the people of the Latin America?

11 Think! Review! Make connections! What do you think are the three most significant physical features in Latin America? Objective: 5B interpret political, economic, social, and demographic indicators to determine the level of development and standard of living in nations. What do you assume is the level of development of most Latin American countries? If the physical geography of North America was competing with the physical geography of Latin America for the crown of most easy to develop, which would win and why?

12 What are three positives and three negatives to economic development in Latin America using only physical geography? What three countries do you predict to be the most developed? The least developed? Be ready to defend your decision using physical geography.

13 Objective: 8A compare ways that humans depend on, adapt to, and modify the physical environment, including the influences of culture and technology. What might be the most significant HUMAN made feature in this region? While you are watching the video clip, write three facts/vocab and come up with some economic, social and political effects!

14 Objective: 9A identify physical and/or human factors such as climate, vegetation, language, trade networks, political units, river systems, and religion that constitute a region. Name the three regions within the region of Latin America 1.Mexico and Central America 2.The Caribbean 3.South America

15 LATIN AMERICA MAP TEST ON FRIDAY, 11/20 LET S REVIEW WHERE SOME COUNTRIES ARE! What country is east of Venezuela? What country is east of Guyana? What country is east of Suriname?

16 Pampas.. Patagonia 1. Which of these features would have higher elevation? 2. What country are they located in? What small island country is south of Cuba?

17 What large island country is just south of Florida? What two countries border Mexico to its south? What are the two landlocked countries in South America?

18 What country in South America still belongs to a European country? Name two peninsulas in Mexico. What two countries border the isthmus of Panama?

19 Name the LEMPOSA factor most responsible for.. Atacama Desert Arid climate in central Mexico Highland climate in western South America Tropical Humid climate in Brazil

20 What country is home to one of the world s highest cataracts? What is the name of the cataract? What western South American country does the equator pass through first before it gets to Brazil? Name the two countries on the island of Hispaniola.

21 Choose at least three vegetation zones to explain using climate. What countries border Nicaragua to the north? What is the world s highest navigable (able to sail a boat on) lake?

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