CHAPTER 10 & 11 The Basics of Capital Budgeting & Cash Flow Estimation


 Duane Lewis
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 CHAPTER 10 & 11 The Basics of Capital Budgeting & Cash Flow Estimation Should we build this plant? 101
2 Capital Budgeting Overview Project Classifications Analysis Methods/Decision Rules Comparison of NPV & IRR Optimal Capital Budget 102
3 What is Capital Budgeting? Longterm Strategic Decisions Analysis of Future Cash Flows Large Expenditures (Fixed Assets) Basis for Future Growth 103
4 5 Steps to Capital Budgeting 1. Estimate CFs (inflows & outflows) 2. Assess riskiness of CFs 3. Determine the Riskadjusted Cost of Capital 4. Find NPV and/or IRR (and other methods) 5. Accept if NPV > 0 and/or IRR > WACC 104
5 Project Classifications Replacement Maintenance Cost Reduction Expansion Existing Products or Markets New Products or Markets Safety or Environmental R&D (Longterm) Longterm Contracts (Specific Customers) 105
6 Major Capital Budgeting Methods Payback ( + Discounted Payback) Discounted Cash Flow (DCF or NPV) Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Profitability Index (not used in practice) Modified Internal Rate of Return (MIRR) 106
7 Independent vs Mutually Exclusive Projects? Independent projects if the cash flows of one are unaffected by the acceptance of the other. Mutually exclusive projects if the cash flows of one can be adversely impacted by the acceptance of the other. 107
8 Normal vs Nonnormal cash flow streams? Normal stream Negative CF followed by a series of positive CFs. 1 change of sign Nonnormal stream Two or more changes of sign Most common: Negative CF followed by positive CFs, then negative CF to terminate Nuclear Power, Toxic Waste 108
9 Payback Method The number of years required to recover a project s cost, or How long does it take to get our money back? Calculated determining when the cumulative cash flow for the project turns positive. 109
10 Calculating Payback Project L CF t Cumulative Payback L = / 80 = years Project S CF t Cumulative Payback S = / 50 = 1.6 years 1010
11 Strengths & Weaknesses of Payback Strengths Provides an indication of a project s risk and liquidity. Easy to calculate and understand. Weaknesses Ignores the time value of money Discounted Payback Alternative Ignores CFs occurring after the payback 1011
12 Net Present Value (NPV) Method Sum of the PVs of ALL cash inflows and outflows of a project: NPV = CF t /(1 + r) t + CF 0 OR NPV t n 0 CFt (1 r ) t 1012
13 Project L s NPV, r=10% Year CF t PV of CF t $ NPV L = $18.79 NPV S = $
14 Rationale for NPV NPV= PV of inflows PV outflows (Cost) = Net gain in Wealth If projects are independent, accept if the project NPV > 0 If projects are mutually exclusive, accept projects with the highest positive NPV, Accept S if mutually exclusive (NPV s > NPV L ) & both if independent 1014
15 Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Method IRR is the discount rate that forces PV of inflows equal to costs. NPV = 0: 0 t n 0 ( 1 CFt IRR ) t IRR L = 18.13% and IRR S = 23.56%
16 Project IRR vs Bond YTM Same Concept YTM on the bond would be the IRR of the bond project EXAMPLE: Assume a 10year bond with a 9% annual coupon sells for $1, Solve for IRR = YTM = 7.08% 1016
17 Rationale for IRR If IRR > WACC, the Project s return is greater than its costs. There is excess Return left over to boost stockholders returns
18 IRR Acceptance Criteria If IRR > r, accept project. If IRR < r, reject project. If projects are independent, accept both projects, as IRR > r = 10% If projects are mutually exclusive, accept S, because IRR s > IRR L
19 NPV Profiles A graphical representation of project NPVs at various different costs of capital. r NPV L NPV S 0 $50 $ (4)
20 Drawing NPV profiles NPV ($) Crossover Point = 8.7% L. S IRR L = 18.1% IRR S = 23.6% Discount Rate (%) 1020
21 Main Reasons why NPV & IRR Decisions may Conflict Reinvestment Rate Assumptions are different Size (scale) differences the smaller project frees up funds at t = 0 for investment. The higher the opportunity cost, the more valuable these funds, so high r favors small projects Timing differences the project with faster payback provides more CF in early years for reinvestment. If r is high, early CF good, NPV S > NPV L
22 Reinvestment Rate Assumptions NPV method assumes CFs are reinvested at r, the opportunity cost of capital. IRR method assumes CFs are reinvested at IRR. Assuming CFs are reinvested at the opportunity cost of capital is more realistic, so NPV method is the best. NPV method should be used to choose between mutually exclusive projects
23 Profitability Index (PI) PI is the Ratio of the PV of the Cash Inflows to the PV of Investment PI = [ [CFinflow t /(1+r) t ]] CFinvest 0 PI L = $158.1/$100 = PI s = $159.7/$100 =
24 Optimal Capital Budget Theory says to accept all positive NPV projects. Two problems can occur when there is not enough internally generated cash to fund all positive NPV projects: An increasing Marginal Cost of Capital. Capital Rationing 1024
25 Increasing Marginal Cost of Capital Externally raised capital can have large flotation costs, which increase the cost of capital. Investors often perceive large capital budgets as being risky, which drives up the cost of capital
26 Capital Rationing Capital rationing occurs when a company chooses not to fund all positive NPV projects. The company typically sets an upper limit on the total amount of capital expenditures that it will make in the upcoming year
27 Cash Flow Estimation Estimating Relevant Cash Flows Adjusting for Inflation 1027
28 Relevant Project Cash Flows 2 Cardinal Rules Use Cash Flows NOT Accounting Income Use Incremental Aftertax Cash Flows Cash Flows Included Opportunity Costs Externalities Cash Flows NOT Included Finance Costs Sunk Costs 1028
29 Example Project Initial Investment Depreciable Investment ($240,000) Changes in Working Capital ($20,000) Operations (no inflation) New sales: 100,000 $2/unit Variable cost: 60% of sales Life of the project Economic life: 4 years Depreciable life: MACRS 3year class Salvage value: $25,000 Tax rate: 40% WACC: 10% 1029
30 Determining Project Value Estimate relevant Cash Flows Initial OCF 1 OCF 2 OCF 3 OCF 4 Invest + Terminal CFs NCF 0 NCF 1 NCF 2 NCF 3 NCF
31 Investment Cash Flows Initial Investments (Depreciable Cost) Equipment $200,000 Ship/Installation 40,000 Net Investment CF 0 $240,000 Change in Working Capital Inventories $25,000 (Asset) Acct/Payables $5,000 (Liability) Net Δ NOWC $20,
32 Annual Depreciation Expense Year Rate x Basis Depr x $240 $ x x x $240 Due to the MACRS ½year convention, a 3year asset is depreciated over 4 years
33 Annual Operating Cash Flows Revenues Op. Costs (60%) Depr Expense Oper. Income (EBIT) Tax (40%) Oper. Income (AT) Depr Expense Operating CF
34 Terminal Cash Flow Recovery of NOWC $20,000 Salvage value 25,000 Tax on SV (40%) 10,000 Terminal CF $35,
35 Estimated Project CFs (No Inflation) Terminal CF CCF IRR & NPV at WACC = 10%. NPV = $4.01 million IRR = 9.28% Payback = 3.30 yrs 1035
36 What if the expected Annual Inflation is 5%. Is NPV biased? Yes, inflation included in the discount rate (WACC) Inflation NOT included in CFs CFs should be adjusted for Inflation 1036
37 Operating CFs, Inflation = 5% Revenues Op. Costs (60%) Depr Expense Oper. Income (BT) Tax (40%) Oper. Income (AT) Depr Expense Operating CF
38 Estimated Project CFs adjusted for Inflation Terminal CF IRR & NPV at WACC = 10%. NPV = $14.78 million. IRR = 12.56%. Payback = 3.12 yrs 1038
Lecture 7  Capital Budgeting: Decision Criteria
Lecture 7  Capital Budgeting: Decision Criteria What is Capital Budgeting? Analysis of potential projects. Longterm decisions; involve large expenditures. Very important to a firm s future. The Ideal
More informationChapter 10. What is capital budgeting? Topics. The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows
Chapter 10 The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows 1 Topics Overview and vocabulary Methods NPV IRR, MIRR Profitability Index Payback, discounted payback Unequal lives Economic life 2 What
More informationChapter 9. Capital Budgeting Techniques
Chapter 9 Capital Budgeting Techniques 1 Learning Outcomes Chapter 9 Describe the importance of capital budgeting decisions and the general process that is followed when making investment (capital budgeting)
More informationCapital Budgeting: Decision. Example. Net Present Value (NPV) FINC 3630 Yost
Capital Budgeting: Decision Criteria Example Consider a firm with two projects, A and B, each with the following cash flows and a 10 percent cost of capital: Project A Project B Year Cash Flows Cash Flows
More informationChapter 7: Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria
FIN 301 Class Notes Chapter 7: Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Project evaluation involves: 1 Estimating the cash flows associated with the investment project (ch. 8) 2 Determining the
More informationWhy Use Net Present Value? The Payback Period Method The Discounted Payback Period Method The Average Accounting Return Method The Internal Rate of
1 Why Use Net Present Value? The Payback Period Method The Discounted Payback Period Method The Average Accounting Return Method The Internal Rate of Return Problems with the IRR Approach The Profitability
More informationCapital Budgeting Tools. Chapter 11. Capital Budgeting. Types of Capital Budgeting Projects. The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows
Capital Budgeting Tools () Payback Period (a) Discounted Payback Period Chapter The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating s () Net Present Value (NPV) (a) Profitability Index (PI) () Internal Rate of
More informationChapter 9: Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria. Faculty of Business Administration Lakehead University Spring 2003 May 20, 2003
Chapter 9: Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Faculty of Business Administration Lakehead University Spring 2003 May 20, 2003 Outline 9.1 Net Present Value 9.2 The Payback Rule 9.3 The Average
More informationWeek 1: Solutions to HW Problems
Week 1: Solutions to HW Problems 101 a. Payback A (cash flows in thousands): Annual Period Cash Flows Cumulative 0 ($5,000) ($5,000) 1 5,000 (0,000) 10,000 (10,000) 3 15,000 5,000 4 0,000 5,000 Payback
More informationNet Present Value (NPV)
Investment Criteria 208 Net Present Value (NPV) What: NPV is a measure of how much value is created or added today by undertaking an investment (the difference between the investment s market value and
More informationCorporate Finance. Slide 1 咨询热线 : 学习平台 : lms.finance365.com
Corporate Finance Capital Budgeting Cost of Capital Measures of Leverage Dividends and Share Repurchases Working capital management Corporate Governance of Listed Companies Slide 1 Capital Budgeting Slide
More informationChapter 13 The Basics of Capital Budgeting Evaluating Cash Flows
Chapter 13 The Basics of Capital Budgeting Evaluating Cash Flows ANSWERS TO SELECTED ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS 131 a. The capital budget outlines the planned expenditures on fixed assets. Capital budgeting
More informationChapter 2: Capital Budgeting Techniques
Chapter 2: Introduction 2.1 Introduction In order to assess the feasibility of any investment project, some capital budgeting techniques should be used to evaluate that project. This part illustrates the
More informationChapter 11. Investment Decision Criteria. Copyright 2011 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.
Chapter 11 Investment Decision Criteria Chapter 11 Contents Learning Objectives Principles Used in This Chapter 1. An Overview of Capital Budgeting 2. Net Present Value 3. Other Investment Criteria 4.
More informationInvestment Decisions and Capital Budgeting
Investment Decisions and Capital Budgeting FINANCE 350 Global Financial Management Professor Alon Brav Fuqua School of Business Duke University 1 Issues in Capital Budgeting: Investment How should capital
More informationChapter 5 Net Present Value and Other Investment Rules
University of Science and Technology Beijing Dongling School of Economics and management Chapter 5 Net Present Value and Other Investment Rules Oct. 2012 Dr. Xiao Ming USTB 1 Key Concepts and Skills Be
More informationFIN 534 Quiz 8 (30 questions with answers) 99,99 % Scored
FIN 534 Quiz 8 (30 questions with answers) 99,99 % Scored Find needed answers here  http://uoptutor.com/product/fin534quiz830questionswithanswers9999scored/ FIN 534 Quiz 8 (30 questions with answers)
More informationChapters 11&12  Capital Budgeting
Chapters 11&12  Capital Budgeting Capital budgeting Project classifications Capital budgeting techniques Cash flow estimation Risk analysis in capital budgeting Optimal capital budget Capital budgeting
More informationFinance for Cultural Organisations Lecture 7. Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria
Finance for Cultural Organisations Lecture 7. Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Lecture 6: Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Be able to compute payback and discounted payback
More informationEconomic Feasibility Studies
Economic Feasibility Studies ١ Introduction Every long term decision the firm makes is a capital budgeting decision whenever it changes the company s cash flows. The difficulty with making these decisions
More informationCHAPTER 11. Proposed Project. Incremental Cash Flow for a Project. Treatment of Financing Costs. Estimating cash flows:
CHAPTER 11 Cash Flow Estimation and Risk Analysis Estimating cash flows: Relevant cash flows Working capital treatment Inflation Risk Analysis: Sensitivity Analysis, Scenario Analysis, and Simulation Analysis
More informationCAPITAL BUDGETING. Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria
CAPITAL BUDGETING Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Net Present Value (NPV) Net present value is the difference between an investment s market value (in today s dollars) and its cost (also
More informationChapter 8. Using Discounted Cash Flow Analysis to Make Investment Decisions
Chapter 8 Using Discounted Cash Flow Analysis to Make Investment Decisions 82 Topics Covered Discounted Cash Flows (not Accounting Profits) Incremental Cash Flows Treatment of Inflation Separate Investment
More informationCapital Budgeting. Finance 100
Capital Budgeting Finance 100 Prof. Michael R. Roberts 1 Topic Overview How should capital be allocated?» Do I invest / launch a product / buy a building / scrap / outsource...» Should I acquire / sell
More informationCHAPTER 14 COST OF CAPITAL
CHAPTER 14 COST OF CAPITAL Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. It is the minimum rate of return the firm must earn overall on its existing assets. If it earns more than this,
More informationChapter 8: Using DCF Analysis to Make Investment Decisions
FIN 301 Class Notes Chapter 8: Using DCF Analysis to Make Investment Decisions Capital Budgeting: is the process of planning for capital expenditures (long term investment). Planning process involves 1
More informationSession #5 Capital Budgeting  II Damodaran  Chapter 9: 6,12,16,18 Chapter 10: 2,10,16(a&b) Chapter 11: 6,12,14
Session #5 Capital Budgeting  II Damodaran  Chapter 9: 6,12,16,18 Chapter 10: 2,10,16(a&b) Chapter 11: 6,12,14 I. Additional Issues in Capital Budgeting. A. Capital rationing: Use profitability index
More informationOklahoma State University Spears School of Business. NPV & Other Rules
Oklahoma State University Spears School of Business NPV & Other Rules Slide 2 Why Use Net Present Value? Accepting positive NPV projects benefits shareholders. NPV uses cash flows NPV uses all the cash
More informationNPV and Other Investment Criteria
Chapter 8 NPV and Other Investment Criteria CAPITAL BUDGETING TERMS Capital budgeting is where we start to pull all of the tools and techniques we ve learned so far together (TVM, cash flow analysis, etc.)
More information(Relevant to AAT Examination Paper 4 Business Economics and Financial Mathematics)
Capital Budgeting: Net Present Value vs Internal Rate of Return (Relevant to AAT Examination Paper 4 Business Economics and Financial Mathematics) Y O Lam Capital budgeting assists decision makers in a
More informationChapter 11 Cash Flow Estimation and Risk Analysis ANSWERS TO SELECTED ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS
Chapter 11 Cash Flow Estimation and Risk Analysis ANSWERS TO SELECTED ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS 111 a. Cash flow, which is the relevant financial variable, represents the actual flow of cash. Accounting
More informationKey Concepts and Skills
Key Concepts and Skills Chapter 9 Making Capital Investment Decisions Understand how to determine the relevant cash flows for a proposed investment Understand how to analyze a project s projected cash
More informationKey Concepts and Skills. Net Present Value and Other Investment Rules. http://www2.gsu.edu/~fnccwh/pdf/ rwjch5v3overview.pdf.
McGrawHill/Irwin Net Present Value and Other Investment Rules 91 http://www2.gsu.edu/~fnccwh/pdf/ rwjch5v3overview.pdf Copyright 2010 by Charles Hodges and the McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights
More informationCHAPTER 12 RISK, COST OF CAPITAL, AND CAPITAL BUDGETING
CHAPTER 12 RISK, COST OF CAPITAL, AND CAPITAL BUDGETING Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. No. The cost of capital depends on the risk of the project, not the source of the money.
More informationFinancial and Cash Flow Analysis Methods. www.projectfinance.com
Financial and Cash Flow Analysis Methods Financial analysis Historic analysis (BS, ratios, CF analysis, management strategy) Current position (environment, industry, products, management) Future (competitiveness,
More informationCHAPTER 9 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA
CHAPTER 9 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA Basic 1. To calculate the payback period, we need to find the time that the project has recovered its initial investment. After two years, the
More informationChapter 7 Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting
Chapter 7 Fundamentals of Capital Budgeting Copyright 2011 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Chapter Outline 7.1 Forecasting Earnings 7.2 Determining Free Cash Flow and NPV 7.3 Choosing Among
More information6 Investment Decisions
6 Investment Decisions BASIC CONCEPTS AND FORMULAE 1. Capital Budgeting Capital budgeting is the process of evaluating and selecting longterm investments that are in line with the goal of investor s wealth
More informationCapital Budgeting Focus on cash flows, not profits. Focus on incremental cash flows. Account for time.
Capital Budgeting Virtually all managers face capitalbudgeting decisions in the course of their careers. The most common of these is the simple yes versus no choice about a capital investment. The following
More informationChapter 13 Capital Budgeting: Estimating Cash Flow and Analyzing Risk ANSWERS TO ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS
Chapter 13 Capital Budgeting: Estimating Cash Flow and Analyzing Risk ANSWERS TO ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS 133 Since the cost of capital includes a premium for expected inflation, failure to adjust cash
More information5. What are the basic investment rules? If value >= price buy If expected return >= required return, buy
BUA321 Chapter 10 Class Notes Capital Budgeting Techniques 1. What kinds of projects are analyzed with capital budgeting? Expansion (easiest to forecast) Replacement (more complicated) We must forecast
More informationChapter 10 The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows ANSWERS TO ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS
Chapter 10 The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows ANSWERS TO ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS 101 a. Capital budgeting is the whole process of analyzing projects and deciding whether they should
More informationChapter 5 Capital Budgeting
Chapter 5 Capital Budgeting Road Map Part A Introduction to finance. Part B Valuation of assets, given discount rates. FixedIncome securities. Common stocks. Real assets (capital budgeting). Part C Determination
More informationUnderstanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide Guideline Answers to the Concept Check Questions
Understanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide Guideline Answers to the Concept Check Questions Chapter 8 Capital Budgeting Concept Check 8.1 1. What is the difference between independent and mutually
More informationCash Flow Estimation. Cash Flows in General. Asking the Right Question
1 2 Chapter Outline Cash Flows in General Compute Project s NPV Cash Flow Estimation Cash Flows in General Measuring Incremental Cash Flows Cash flows should be measured on an incremental basis Incremental
More informationChapter 9. Year Revenue COGS Depreciation S&A Taxable Income Aftertax Operating Income 1 $20.60 $12.36 $1.00 $2.06 $5.18 $3.11
Chapter 9 91 We assume that revenues and selling & administrative expenses will increase at the rate of inflation. Year Revenue COGS Depreciation S&A Taxable Income Aftertax Operating Income 1 $20.60
More informationBS2551 Money Banking and Finance
S2551 Money anking and Finance Capital udgeting Capital budgeting techniques are decision rules used by managers when undertaking investment decisions. The best techniques should satisfy the following
More informationCASE DESCRIPTION JEL: G31
VARIETY ENTERPRISES CORPORATION: CAPITAL BUDGETING DECISION Ilhan Meric, Rider University Kathleen Dunne, Rider University Sherry F. Li, Rider University Gulser Meric, Rowan University CASE DESCRIPTION
More informationAnswers to WarmUp Exercises
Answers to WarmUp Exercises E101. Answer: E102. Answer: Payback period The payback period for Project Hydrogen is 4.29 years. The payback period for Project Helium is 5.75 years. Both projects are acceptable
More informationFinance for Cultural Organisations Lecture 8. Capital Budgeting: Making Capital Investment Decisions
Finance for Cultural Organisations Lecture 8. Capital Budgeting: Making Capital Investment Decisions Lecture 8. Capital Budgeting: Making Capital Investment Decisions Understand how to determine the relevant
More informationTOPIC 1 Cash Flow Estimation
COURSENOTES: TOPIC 1 Cash Flow Estimation COURSE TITLE: FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT COURSE CODE: BFB3013 PREPARED BY: ASSOC. PROF. MOHD KHIR ASHARI 1 1.0 Introduction: Topic 1 Cash Flows Estimation 1.1 Capital
More informationCHAPTER 8 CAPITAL BUDGETING DECISIONS
CHAPTER 8 CAPITAL BUDGETING DECISIONS Q1. What is capital budgeting? Why is it significant for a firm? A1 A capital budgeting decision may be defined as the firm s decision to invest its current funds
More informationLecture 5 (Chapter 9) Investment Criteria. Some Problems
Lecture 5 (Chapter 9) Investment Criteria Up to now, we have analyzed how to finance a firm (capital structure) Today we switch to analyzing what to do with the money once we ve got it (capital budgeting
More informationIn Feb. 2000, Corning Inc., announced plans to spend $750 million to expand by 50% its manufacturing capacity of optical fiber, a crucial component
CAPITAL BUDGETING In Feb. 2000, Corning Inc., announced plans to spend $750 million to expand by 50% its manufacturing capacity of optical fiber, a crucial component of today s high speed communications
More informationCapital Budgeting Capital Budgeting The process by which a business
Capital Budgeting 1 Capital Budgeting The process by which a business chooses which investments to make in capital equipment 2 Capital Investments Money markets: Short term Capital markets: Long term Capital
More informationSpring 2012. True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
Corporation Finance Spring 2012 Sample Exam 2B True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. The total return on a share of stock refers to the dividend yield less any commissions paid
More informationCHAPTER 7: NPV AND CAPITAL BUDGETING
CHAPTER 7: NPV AND CAPITAL BUDGETING I. Introduction Assigned problems are 3, 7, 34, 36, and 41. Read Appendix A. The key to analyzing a new project is to think incrementally. We calculate the incremental
More informationCash Flow Estimation. Topics to be covered
Cash Flow Estimation Topics to be covered Discount Cash Flow, Not Profit Discount Incremental Cash Flow  Include all direct effects.  Forget Sunk Costs  Include Opportunity Costs  Recognize the Investment
More informationCapital Budgeting OVERVIEW
WSG12 7/7/03 4:25 PM Page 191 12 Capital Budgeting OVERVIEW This chapter concentrates on the longterm, strategic considerations and focuses primarily on the firm s investment opportunities. The discussions
More informationCapital Budgeting continued: Overview: (1) Estimating cash flows (2) CB examples (3) Dealing with uncertainty of cash flows
Capital Budgeting continued: Overview: (1) Estimating cash flows (2) CB examples (3) Dealing with uncertainty of cash flows Chapter 7: 1,4,6,7,20,25 Chapter 8: 1,3,5,8,13 (clarification for problem 13b:
More informationNet present value is the difference between a project s value and its costs.
1 2 Net present value is the difference between a project s value and its costs. We need to calculate the Present Value of future cash flows (discounted by the opportunity cost of capital) and subtract
More informationChapter 10. Capital Budgeting Techniques. Copyright 2012 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.
Chapter 10 Capital Budgeting Techniques Copyright 2012 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Overview of Capital Budgeting Capital budgeting is the process of evaluating and selecting longterm investments
More informationIndustrial and investment analysis as a tool for regulation
Industrial and investment analysis as a tool for regulation Marina Di Giacomo, Università di Torino Turin School of Local Regulation International Summer School on Regulation of Local Public Services 1
More informationSTUDENT CAN HAVE ONE LETTER SIZE FORMULA SHEET PREPARED BY STUDENT HIM/HERSELF. FINANCIAL CALCULATOR/TI83 OR THEIR EQUIVALENCES ARE ALLOWED.
Test IIIFINN3120090 Fall 2009 (2.5 PTS PER QUESTION. MAX 100 PTS) Type A Name ID PRINT YOUR NAME AND ID ON THE TEST, ANSWER SHEET AND FORMULA SHEET. TURN IN THE TEST, OPSCAN ANSWER SHEET AND FORMULA
More informationChapter 11 Cash Flow Estimation and Risk Analysis
Chapter 11 Cash Flow Estimation and Risk Analysis ANSWERS TO ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS 111 a. Cash flow, which is the relevant financial variable, represents the actual flow of cash. Accounting income,
More informationChapter 9 Capital Budgeting Decision Models
Chapter 9 Capital Budgeting Decision Models LEARNING OBJECTIVES (Slide 92) 1. Explain capital budgeting and differentiate between shortterm and longterm budgeting decisions. 2. Explain the payback model
More informationWhich projects should the corporation undertake
Which projects should the corporation undertake Investment criteria 1. Investment into a new project generates a flow of cash and, therefore, a standard DPV rule should be the first choice under consideration.
More informationChapter 6. Making Capital Investment Decisions 60. Copyright 2013 by The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 6 Making Capital Investment Decisions McGrawHill/Irwin Copyright 2013 by The McGrawHill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 60 What is capital budgeting? Should we build this plant? Chapters
More informationChapter 9 Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Chapter Organization
T9.1 Chapter Outline Chapter 9 Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Chapter Organization! 9.1 Net Present Value! 9.2 The Payback Rule! 9.3 The Average Accounting Return! 9.4 The Internal Rate
More informationChapter 9 Cash Flow and Capital Budgeting
Chapter 9 Cash Flow and Capital Budgeting MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Gamma Electronics is considering the purchase of testing equipment that will cost $500,000. The equipment has a 5year lifetime with no salvage
More informationUSQ UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN QUEENSLAND
USQ UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN QUEENSLAND MBA  ACC5502 Accounting & Financial Management / S1 / 2013 M B G Wimalarathna (ACA, ACMA, ACIM, SAT, ACPM)(MBA USJ/PIM) Introduction Key management personnel of an
More informationCapital Budgeting II. Professor: Burcu Esmer
Capital Budgeting II Professor: Burcu Esmer 1 Cash Flows Last chapter introduced valuation techniques based on discounted cash flows. This chapter develops criteria for properly identifying and calculating
More informationChapter 9 Making Capital Investment Decisions Introduction
Chapter 9 Making Capital Investment Decisions Introduction The cash flows that should be included in a capital budgeting analysis are those that will only occur if the project is accepted These cash flows
More informationCapital Budgeting continued: Overview:(1) Estimating cash flows (2) CB examples (3) Dealing with uncertainty of cash flows
Capital Budgeting continued: Overview:(1) Estimating cash flows (2) CB examples (3) Dealing with uncertainty of cash flows Chapter 7: 1,5,7,8,27,32 Chapter 8: 1,3,5,8,13 (clarification for problem 13b:
More informationChapter 7: Net Present Value and Capital Budgeting
Chapter 7: Net Present Value and Capital Budgeting 7.1 a. Yes, the reduction in the sales of the company s other products, referred to as erosion, should be treated as an incremental cash flow. These lost
More informationMCQ of Corporate Finance
MCQ of Corporate Finance 1. Which of the following is not one of the three fundamental methods of firm valuation? a) Discounted Cash flow b) Income or earnings  where the firm is valued on some multiple
More informationMidterm exam financiering/finance. <Front page>
Midterm exam financiering/finance Question 1 An agency problem can be alleviated by: A) requiring all organizations to be sole proprietorships. B) compensating managers in such a way that
More informationWHAT IS CAPITAL BUDGETING?
WHAT IS CAPITAL BUDGETING? Capital budgeting is a required managerial tool. One duty of a financial manager is to choose investments with satisfactory cash flows and rates of return. Therefore, a financial
More informationChapter 8. Capital Budgeting Cash Flows. Learning Goals. Learning Goals (cont.)
Chapter 8 Capital Budgeting Cash Flows Learning Goals 1. Understand the motives for key capital budgeting expenditures and the steps in the capital budgeting process. 2. Define basic capital budgeting
More informationExercise #3  The Basics of Capital Budgeting
Exercise #3  The Basics of Capital Budgeting 19. Assume that the economy is in a mild recession, and as a result interest rates and money costs generally are relatively low. The WACC for two mutually
More informationProject Valuation for Managers
Project Valuation for Managers An Essential Skill Corporate Finance By Cameron Hall Key Messages The job of managers is to create value. Value in a firm comes from two sources: current operations and new
More informationMultiple Choice Questions (45%)
Multiple Choice Questions (45%) Choose the Correct Answer 1. The following information was taken from XYZ Company s accounting records for the year ended December 31, 2014: Increase in raw materials inventory
More informationUSQ UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN QUEENSLAND
USQ UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN QUEENSLAND MBA  ACC5502 Accounting & Financial Management / S1 / 2015 M B G Wimalarathna [FCA, FCMA, MCIM, FMAAT, MCPM, (MBA PIM/USJ)] Introduction Decision on long term investments
More informationCARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY CIO INSTITUTE
CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY CIO INSTITUTE CAPITAL BUDGETING BASICS Contact Information: Lynne Pastor Email: lp23@andrew.cmu.edu RELATED LEARNGING OBJECTIVES 7.2 LO 3: Compare and contrast the implications
More informationCHAPTER 8: ESTIMATING CASH FLOWS
CHAPTER 8: ESTIMATING CASH FLOWS 81 a. Straight line depreciation = ($15  $3)/10 = $1.20 Annual Tax Savings from Depreciation = $ 1.2 (0.4) = $0.48 Present Value of Tax Savings from Depreciation = $
More informationWill the future benefits of this project be large enough to justify the investment given the risk involved?
Chapter 1 The Overall Process Capital Expenditures Whenever we make an expenditure that generates a cash flow benefit for more than one year, this is a capital expenditure. Examples include the purchase
More informationCFA Level I. Study Session 11. Introduction. Dividends and Share Repurchases: Basics Working Capital Management The Corporate Governance
CFA Level I Study Session 11 Reading 36 Reading 37 Reading 38 Reading 39 Reading 40 Reading 41 Introduction Capital Budgeting Cost of Capital Measures of Leverage Dividends and Share Repurchases: Basics
More informationChapter 09  Using Discounted CashFlow Analysis to Make Investment Decisions
Solutions to Chapter 9 Using Discounted CashFlow Analysis to Make Investment Decisions 1. Net income = ($74 $42 $10) [0.35 ($74 $42 $10)] = $22 $7.7 = $14.3 million Revenues cash expenses taxes paid =
More informationMODULE 2. Capital Budgeting
MODULE 2 Capital Budgeting Capital Budgeting is a project selection exercise performed by the business enterprise. Capital budgeting uses the concept of present value to select the projects. Capital budgeting
More information$1,300 + 1,500 + 1,900 = $4,700. in cash flows. The project still needs to create another: $5,500 4,700 = $800
1. To calculate the payback period, we need to find the time that the project has recovered its initial investment. After three years, the project has created: $1,300 + 1,500 + 1,900 = $4,700 in cash flows.
More informationMeasuring Investment Returns
Measuring Investment Returns Aswath Damodaran Stern School of Business Aswath Damodaran 156 First Principles Invest in projects that yield a return greater than the minimum acceptable hurdle rate. The
More informationVol. 2, Chapter 4 Capital Budgeting
Vol. 2, Chapter 4 Capital Budgeting Problem 1: Solution Answers found using Excel formulas: 1. Amount invested = $10,000 $21,589.25 Compounding period = annually Number of years = 10 Annual interest rate
More informationAnswers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions
Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. A payback period less than the project s life means that the NPV is positive for a zero discount rate, but nothing more definitive can be said.
More informationCHAPTER 9 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA
CHAPTER 9 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA 1. To calculate the payback period, we need to find the time that the project has recovered its initial investment. After three years, the project
More informationMBA (3rd Sem) 201314 MBA/29/FM302/T/ODD/1314
Full Marks : 70 MBA/29/FM302/T/ODD/1314 201314 MBA (3rd Sem) Paper Name : Corporate Finance Paper Code : FM302 Time : 3 Hours The figures in the righthand margin indicate marks. Candidates are required
More informationCash Flow Analysis Venture Business Perspective
Cash Flow Analysis Venture Business Perspective Cash Flow (CF) Analysis What is CF and how is determined? CF Operating CF Free CF Managing CF Cash Conversion Cyclical CF Breakeven Valuing venture businesses
More information1) quantifies in dollar terms how stockholder wealth will be affected by undertaking a project under consideration.
Questions in Chapter 9 concept.qz 1) quantifies in dollar terms how stockholder wealth will be affected by undertaking a project under consideration. [A] Discounted payback analysis [B] The average accounting
More information6 Investment Decisions
6 Investment Decisions After studying this chapter you will be able to: Learning Objectives Define capital budgeting and explain the purpose and process of Capital Budgeting for any business. Explain the
More informationFinance 3130 Corporate Finiance Sample Final Exam Spring 2012
Finance 3130 Corporate Finiance Sample Final Exam Spring 2012 True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or falsewith A for true and B for false. 1. Interest paid by a corporation is a tax deduction
More information