Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 220. Appendices. 2 Writing 1 Writing 2. 3 Spoken English 1 Spoken English 2. 4 Grammar 1 Grammar 2

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2 level one level two Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 220 University Appendices Appendix 1-1 the syllabus of the English department Hodeidah Courses distribution throughout the academic year, Education College, Hodeidah University First semester Second semester 1 Reading and composition 1 Reading and composition 2 2 Writing 1 Writing 2 3 Spoken English 1 Spoken English 2 4 Grammar 1 Grammar 2 5 Arabic language 101 Arabic language Islamic culture Islamic education 7 Literary form 1 Literary forms 2 8 ////////////////////////////////////// Introduction to psychology 1 Reading 3 Reading 4 2 Writing 3 Writing 4 3 Spoken English 3 Spoken English 4 4 Grammar and usage 1 Grammar and usage 2 5 Introduction to language 1 Introduction to language 2 6 Psychology of learning Methods and curriculum 7 ///////////////////////////////////// Educational Aids 1

3 level three level four Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices ///////////////////////////////////// Educational System in Yemen 1 Phonetics and phonology Morphology an syntax 2 Methods Poetry 2 3 Poetry 1 Novel 1 4 Survey of literature Drama 1 5 Fundamentals of Education School administration 6 Advanced writing skills Curriculum and analysis 7 ///////////////////////////////////////// Teaching practice 1 8 ///////////////////////////////////////// Developing psychology 1 Contrastive and error analysis Testing and evaluation 2 Preparing teaching materials Optional subject 2 3 Teaching practice 2 Research Methods 4 Optional subject 1 Poetry 3 5 Educational Aids 2 Personality and hygiene 6 Novel 2 Practical Criticism 7 Drama 2 ///////////////////////////////////////// 8 ///////////////////////////////////////// ///////////////////////////////////

4 level one level two Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 222 University Appendix 1-2 the syllabus of the English department of Amran Courses distribution throughout the academic year, Education College, Amran University : First semester Second semester 1 Reading 1 Reading 2 2 Writing 1 Writing 2 3 Spoken English 1 Spoken English 2 4 Grammar 1 Grammar 2 5 Arabic language 1 Arabic language 2 6 Islamic culture Islamic education 7 Introduction to literary form 1 Introduction to literary forms 2 8 Educational psychology 1 ///////////////////////////////////// 1 Reading 3 Reading 4 2 Writing 3 Writing 4 3 Spoken English 3 Spoken English 4 4 grammar 3 Grammar 4 5 Introduction to language 1 Introduction to language th c Novel 19 th c Poetry 7 Education system of Yemen Educational technology 1 8 Educational psychology 2 ///////////////////////////////////////

5 level three level four Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices Phonetics and phonology Morphology an syntax 2 Methods of teaching 1 Methods of teaching th c Poetry 18 th c Novel 4 20 th c Drama 18 th c Drama 5 Educational environment Classroom management 6 Advanced writing Curriculum 7 English discourse skills Foundations of education 8 ///////////////////////////////////////// Optional subject 1 1 Analysis of literary texts Topics in applied linguistics 2 Transformational generative grammar History of the English language 3 Fundamental of Ed. research Elizabethan drama 4 20 th c Novel Poetry up to the 18 th c 5 Educational technology 2 Educational research (practical) 6 Testing and measurement Translation 7 Optional subject 2 Practicum 8 Theoretical practicum ///////////////////////////////////

6 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 224 Appendices 2 The covering letter I am Yahia Ahmed Qaid Al-Qoafi, a research scholar in the department of linguistics, University of Mysore. Mysore, India. I am doing my Ph.D research on the topic entitled Analyzing students' Interlanguage in Grammar: A case study of Yemeni 1 st and 4 th levels of English University Students, English Departments, Colleges of Education The purpose of this study is to attempt to: 1. Provide a theoretical background for analyzing students' inter-language, 2. Identify, describe, categorize, and diagnose students' inter-language in grammar, and 3. Cover the implications of the findings for teaching ESL/EFL. I hope you will help me filling in this questionnaire, please write down as much information as you would. The utility and pragmatic relevance of the findings of this research depends heavily on your objective and considered response. The information you provide is only for research purposes and will not be revealed or shared. Thanking you. The Researcher Yahia Ahmed Qaid Al-Qoafi Department of Linguistics (KIKS) University of Mysore Mysore India 2009

7 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 225 The questionnaire 1-University of ( Hodeida / Amran ) 2- Faculty of Education 3-Level ( one / four ) 4-Sex ( male / female 5-Age ( ) 6-Did you have any previous classes to improve your English before joining the university? Yes / No 7-When did you start learning English?. 8-What are your reasons for learning English? 9-what are the difficulties that you face during your learning English?

8 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 226 What are your suggestions about improving the way of learning a language?...

9 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 227 What are your plans for the future?.....

10 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 228 Appendices 3 Type of errors written by Yemeni university student according to their sources 1-Interlingual interference errors 1. Omission errors No. The sentence Addition error 1 English language is important language. indefinite article 2 English language is international language. indefinite article 3 English language is very important language. indefinite article 4 English language is very important language. indefinite article 5 He must be teacher. indefinite article 6 I want to be teacher. indefinite article 7 I am student in this college. indefinite article 8 I dream to be doctor in English to teach the student. indefinite article 9 I like to be in future good teacher. indefinite article 10 I promise myself to be good teacher. indefinite article 11 I want to be teacher. indefinite article 12 I want to become teacher. indefinite article 13 I will be good teacher. indefinite article 14 I will be writer. indefinite article 15 I'll be tourist guide. indefinite article 16 It helps me to find job. indefinite article 17 It helps to get new language. indefinite article 18 It is international language. indefinite article 19 It is language of world. indefinite article 20 It's interesting subject. indefinite article

11 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices My plans for the future is to be teacher. indefinite article 22 The fate makes me teacher. indefinite article 23 The mean reasons for learning English is to get better job. indefinite article 24 I want to become English teacher. indefinite article 25 I plan to buy house. indefinite article 26 English language is formal language. indefinite article 27 English language is very important language. indefinite article 28 English language is very important language. indefinite article 29 I am student. indefinite article 30 I hope to be good teacher. indefinite article 31 I hope to be officer. indefinite article 32 I hope to be teacher. indefinite article 33 I need to become teacher. indefinite article 34 I wish to be good mother. indefinite article 35 If I can't be teacher, I will be an officer. indefinite article 36 It is international language. indefinite article 37 It is international language. indefinite article 38 It is international language. indefinite article 39 It is international language. indefinite article 40 English language is very important language. indefinite article 41 I hope to be English teacher. indefinite article 42 I will work as teacher. indefinite article 43 English is international language. indefinite article 44 English is very important language. indefinite article 45 English language is international language. indefinite article 46 It is international language. indefinite article 47 It is international language. indefinite article 48 I want in the future to be teacher. indefinite article 49 I will be teacher. indefinite article

12 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I will be teacher. indefinite article 51 I will go to be teacher. indefinite article 52 It is international language. indefinite article 53 It is modern language. indefinite article 54 My plan for the future is to be teacher. indefinite article 55 I want to be teacher in college. indefinite article 56 It is international language. indefinite article 57 I want to be English teacher. indefinite article 58 English is very important language. indefinite article 59 English is very important language. indefinite article 60 I plan for the future to be teacher. indefinite article 61 I am to be famous woman. indefinite article 62 I plan for the future is to be teacher. indefinite article 63 I want to be excellent speaker. indefinite article 64 I want to be teacher. indefinite article 65 It is very important language. indefinite article 66 Arabic language more important than English. linking verb 67 English language an important. linking verb 68 I attractive by this language. linking verb 69 I think, the best way to learn language to speak. linking verb 70 I think this only my plan. linking verb 71 It called the modern language. linking verb 72 learning English we can easy way. linking verb 73 My favorite plan in the future to be a good teacher. linking verb 74 My plan for future to be a good teacher by using a good technique. linking verb 75 My plans how to get benefit from learning English. linking verb 76 My suggestions to improve the way of learning. linking verb 77 My wishes to allow people speaking English. linking verb 78 The English language important. linking verb

13 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices The English language the language of the modern age. linking verb 80 The importance of English language to improve. linking verb 81 The importance of English language to understand all words. linking verb 82 The important thing of learning English to learn another language. linking verb 83 To improve the language to speak English with student in the class. linking verb 84 I studying English linking verb 85 It will enough with the technique. linking verb 86 Learning English in this college good. linking verb 87 Arabic language an important role. linking verb 88 Some words difficult. linking verb 89 English language very important in our life. linking verb 90 English language very important. linking verb 91 English language very important. linking verb 92 My plan to be a competent teacher. linking verb 93 My plan to enable students to speak English. linking verb 94 My plans for future to teach students English. linking verb 95 My plans to be a good teacher. linking verb 96 One of them to study master. linking verb 97 The English language very important. linking verb 98 The English language very well. linking verb 99 The plan to help my family. linking verb 100 We learning this language. linking verb 101 I learning the English language. linking verb 102 English language very beautiful. linking verb 103 Arabic language very easy. linking verb 104 English important. linking verb 105 English language important. linking verb

14 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices English language very important. linking verb 107 English language very important. linking verb 108 English language very important. linking verb 109 English necessary to learn. linking verb 110 English the first language in the world. linking verb 111 I learning. linking verb 112 I studying English. linking verb 113 I think English language very simple. linking verb 114 Language of English very important. linking verb 115 My plan for the future to be a best teacher to learn the student how learn English. linking verb 116 Some words difficult. linking verb 117 The Arabic language very important. linking verb 118 The Arabic language important. linking verb 119 The difficulties that I have faced during learning English the family. linking verb 120 The English language easy. linking verb 121 The English language important in the future. linking verb 122 The English language very good. linking verb 123 The English language very importance. linking verb 124 The English sound difficult. linking verb 125 The English very large linking verb 126 The future very nice. linking verb 127 The language very important. linking verb 128 The teacher reading quickly. linking verb 129 This language international. linking verb 130 I studying English. linking verb 131 We learning English. linking verb 132 We learning the language. linking verb 133 Learning English very important. linking verb

15 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices English important for Islamic society. linking verb 135 English important. linking verb 136 English language very easy. linking verb 137 English language very famous. linking verb 138 English language very important. linking verb 139 English very important. linking verb 140 I faced many difficulties when I learning English. linking verb 141 I going to continue my learning. linking verb 142 I learning English. linking verb 143 It important in the world. linking verb 144 It language of the computer. linking verb 145 My plan for future to be a good student in English language. linking verb 146 My plans for the future when I finished my studies to be a doctor in college. linking verb 147 My reasons for the learning English to get teacher. linking verb 148 The grammar very good. linking verb 149 The importance of English language speaking and writing good. linking verb 150 The language of English very important. linking verb 151 The teachers in school so bad. linking verb 152 You learning English. linking verb 153 I learning English in the class seven. linking verb 154 Develop the education in Yemen. Subject 155 The first time study English in city. Subject 156 Read newspaper in English. Subject 157 How can get rid of mistake? Subject 158 Must learn English. Subject 159 Must improve the education in Yemen. Subject 160 Speak English inside the class. Subject

16 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 234 Word order (WO) (Interlingual interference) No. The sentence Type of WO 1 Language English is easy. adjective noun order 2 All people will learn language English. adjective noun order 3 English is language international. adjective noun order 4 He is learning grammar English. adjective noun order 5 I like language English. adjective noun order 6 I have problems in pronunciation word. adjective noun order 7 I hope to be teacher English. adjective noun order 8 I like language English. adjective noun order 9 I study in college Hajjah. adjective noun order 10 I study language English. adjective noun order 11 I will be teacher English. adjective noun order 12 I will become teacher English. adjective noun order 13 I wish to be teacher English. adjective noun order 14 I wish to be teacher English. adjective noun order 15 It is subject my favorite. adjective noun order 16 Language Arabic plays an important role. adjective noun order 17 Language English is international. adjective noun order 18 Language English very nice. adjective noun order 19 My plan for the future is teacher English language. adjective noun order 20 The students use dictionary English. adjective noun order 21 We learn language English because it is easy. adjective noun order 22 You like reading story English. adjective noun order

17 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices English is language international. adjective noun order 24 I am studying English to become teacher famous. adjective noun order 25 I like learning language English. adjective noun order 26 I like to be teacher English. adjective noun order 27 I want to be teacher English. adjective noun order 28 I want to be teacher English excellent. adjective noun order 29 I want to be teacher English. adjective noun order 30 I want to be teacher English. adjective noun order 31 I want to be woman important. adjective noun order 32 English language is language communicative. adjective noun order 33 I want to become teacher English. adjective noun order 34 The English language is language easy. adjective noun order 35 The teachers Yemeni can not develop Yemen. adjective noun order 36 English teaching needs improvement. Adjective-Noun order 37 My suggestion is to cover the school with teacher English. adjective noun order 38 I study grammar English. Adjective-Noun order 39 I always speak language English inside the class. Adjective-Noun order 40 English is language important. Adjective-Noun order 41 I speak language English with my friends. Adjective-Noun order 42 The teacher teaches grammar English. Adjective-Noun order 43 We don't have teachers good. Adjective-Noun order

18 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices Intralingual interference errors Structure of sentence No. The sentence 1 I hope to teacher in the future. 2 I be doctor. 3 In the future I plans a teacher. 4 The Arabic language important language. 5 My family want study English. 6 Arabic language play important role. 7 Arabic language play important role. 8 I want become teacher. 9 I would like teacher English. 10 The language English importance. 11 I am plans for the future. 12 I will important person. 13 My opinion to improved English. 14 To learn the people English. 15 I will teacher. 16 I want do job. 17 I want drive car. 18 I wish doctor in the future. 19 My dream is doctor. 20 I want a teacher in the future.

19 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I want be teacher. 22 We haven't the teachers English. 23 I like learn pupil English. 24 My father is reasons me to learning English. 25 Some words don't easy. 26 Because is good language and a good reading. 27 Can me be in the future teacher for the language the English. 28 English language is describes in the feeling and come day. 29 English language is learning for the film English and the reading books. 30 I am be for the future. 31 I am future in doctor English in level and I am do in study English. 32 I dream was to be teacher. 33 I was started learning English. 34 I will be a plans for the future a doctors because help the people. 35 I will go the out and studying the children. 36 If not find Arabic we can not learning the English. 37 In the beginning tell me some information of English after the you study. 38 It is give me understand. 39 It is improve the way is watching. 40 It is learning me English. 41 It is use English to teach. 42 More countries is spoken English. 43 My plan for the future is teacher. 44 My plan is short.

20 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices Relation stronger between language Arabic and language English. 46 Student to can speak and learn English. 47 The importance of English language is how do you can speak English. 48 The school in my village don't teacher. 49 This is can me been saying. 50 When I study I found difficulty. 51 You start learning English is a student at the class. 52 I am an immigration officer and helps people. 53 I difficult some problems. 54 English language international language. 55 I want to improved learn English. 56 Student need English teacher. 57 This language international language. 58 English language know the other. 59 English language to help us. 60 English should teach early. 61 He is very understand and not learn more of things. 62 He like it to read. 63 I don't know I learning. 64 I have more problems in my speak in my write in my listen. 65 I must be become a good person. 66 I must be person have language. 67 In school to teach the student. 68 My suggestion to improve the way of learning it to learn our students

21 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 239 how to pronunciation. 69 The teacher don't interesting we must learning English language. 70 The teacher English is not find at our school. 71 To be speak two language. 72 To talk with a native speakers that comes to our country. 73 He not will be teacher. 74 I am insist to do that while my mother don't agree. 75 I wasn't apply the rule when I write. 76 I wasn't speak very well but now I can spoke and write well. 77 I will took course English. 78 My suggestion is to used all the techniques modern. 79 I chosed English because I like this language. 80 I suggestion about improve learn English. 81 I suggestion some suggestion. 82 I suggestion to improve the way of learning English. 83 There is some words are difficult. 84 They're were just the vocabulary. 85 To learn students how to love English. 86 I like speak the English language. 87 I like a teacher. 88 I like become teacher. 89 I want to teacher. 90 If we want export anything to America, need learning language. 91 If we want import goods,need language. 92 I hope make a teacher. 93 The teacher can't gave main idea.

22 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices Try the speak the English with other people. 95 It become world language. 96 It's language world. 97 I want learn students how speak English. 98 Arabic language it is very important. 99 He very sad because don't know speak English. 100 I am in English in the school. I am want that is a teacher because want teach student understand the 101 society. 102 I am write is English. 103 I like to want a doctor English and learn students. 104 I want in the future teacher English. 105 I want know what does it mean in Arabic. 106 I want learn it because be teacher. 107 I wish don't give doctors from out side. 108 I wish from heart is the Yemen improving. If any person went to any countries, he should be know how to speak 109 English. 110 If I teached it in school, I would learn my pupils the important. 111 In this days English language it become easy. 112 It need best teacher to learn it. 113 Many people not become difficult to learn it 114 My plans for the future was I will continue my study. 115 My plans future become the teacher in English. 116 My plans in the future is become a teacher. 117 My suggest is make special college to girl. 118 My suggestions to improve the way of learning is give us some rule in

23 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 241 spelling. 119 Our family doesn't interesting in English. 120 Plans me for the future. 121 The English language need best teacher to learn it. 122 The language English become mother tongue. 123 The language English become the language the world. 124 The language English don't in the university. 125 The language English is difficult from language Arabic. 126 The teachers were don't learned we good. 127 The tourist visited Yemen,he is talk English and he want see all Yemen. 128 There is no enough ways to learn English. 129 They must put a good teachers to learn a children. 130 We must to learning it. 131 I want become good teacher. 132 I haven't no encourage from the family. 133 I will be in future can deal with other. 134 My suggestions to improve the way of learning English language. 135 The west country thinking the nation Islamic is ignorant. 136 My plans in future to become very good teacher. 137 How can using the preposition. 138 I am go finish my education. 139 Important to study English. 140 In Yemen English not real language. 141 This language become international language. 142 I be teacher. 143 We must to support teach language English. 144 I want become teacher English.

24 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 242 The education in this university can't be helps the students to complete 145 study. 146 We will can get rid of many difficult. 147 I was not know speaking. 148 I want learning language English. 149 I am have learn this language since primary school. 150 All science today can't known or read without teach English. Doctors should be improve yourself to learn students spoken language 151 English. 152 don't found help between the students. 153 I am do everyday. 154 I am student department English. 155 I don't helpful. 156 I to able myself to communicate with others. 157 I will does teach. 158 That must to all the people learning it 159 The English language is very beautiful when there people are teaching. 160 The English world language. The importance of English language to learn how speak and write very 161 well. 162 The sounds are start teach. 163 They may be can deal with computer. 164 It help me speak language English. 165 It help me to get job. 166 My plans for future is to be teacher English. 167 This language give us great chance to get job. 168 Things aren't find in my country.

25 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices It has started in I plan in the future become teacher. 171 I want become housewife. 172 I wish be model in my country. 173 I wish in future teach in school. 174 My plans future become the teacher in English. 175 My plans in the future is become a teacher. 176 My suggest is make special college to girl. My suggestions to improve the way of learning is give us some rule in 177 spelling. 178 Our family doesn't interesting in English. 179 plans me for the future. 180 The English language need best teacher to learn it. 181 The language English become mother tongue. 182 The language English become the language the world. 183 The language English don't in the university. 184 The language English is difficult from language Arabic. 185 The teachers were don't learned we good. 186 The tourist visited Yemen,he is talk English and he want see all Yemen. 187 There is no enough ways to learn English. 188 They must put a good teachers to learn a children. 189 We must to learning it. 190 I want become good teacher. 191 I am start learning English. 192 I am travel to any country. 193 I am start to learn.

26 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices 244 Subject-verb agreement (Intralingual interference) No. The sentence Type of disagreement 1 My plans for the future is to try to speak English. number agreement 2 My reasons for learning English is to gain the language. number agreement 3 The difficulties during learning is writing. number agreement 4 The difficulties is in grammar. number agreement 5 The grammar of English were difficult. number agreement 6 The suggestions to improve the way of learning is very nice. number agreement 7 There is some teacher that can not teach us well. number agreement 8 There is a lot of difficulties. number agreement 9 There is some books which is not suitable to teach. number agreement 10 There was a lot of difficulties. number agreement 11 These is my plans in the future. number agreement 12 They is planning to do teach. number agreement 13 All of these things is what I am going to do. number agreement 14 Some teacher were good. number agreement 15 English and computer is the important thing to get a job. number agreement 16 The best ways to learn English is to practice. number agreement 17 There is many ways for improving language teaching. number agreement 18 There was no chances to teach English in school. number agreement 19 There is no many teachers in schools. number agreement 20 Some words is difficult. number agreement

27 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices The difficulties is no teachers. number agreement 22 The education in school are not good. number agreement 23 The difficulties is learning grammar. number agreement 104 My plans for the future is to be a demonstrator of English. number agreement 24 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 25 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 26 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 27 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 28 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 29 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 30 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 31 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 32 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 33 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 34 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 35 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 36 Arabic language play during learning. person agreement 37 English language help many people. person agreement 38 Learning English language help us. person agreement 39 The Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 40 The Arabic language play an important thing during my learning English. person agreement 41 This means that it make you communicate. person agreement 42 Many people does not know the importance of this language. person agreement 43 The people does not understand. person agreement

28 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 45 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 46 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 47 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 48 English language become difficult. person agreement 49 English language become important. person agreement 50 The Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 51 The Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 52 The English language become the communicative language. person agreement 53 The way become easy. person agreement 54 English become the best language. person agreement 55 It help me to watch TV. person agreement 56 It help us to communicate. person agreement 57 It help us to communicate. person agreement 58 It help us to understand other. person agreement 59 Teacher translate the words to Arabic. person agreement 60 It help me study abroad. person agreement 61 English language become the second language in the world. person agreement 62 My parents wants me to help them. person agreement 63 He don't speak English. person agreement 64 Some teacher don't teach well person agreement 65 The children has learned English. person agreement 66 The teacher don't teach English. person agreement 67 Arabic language help me learning English. person agreement 68 Arabic language help me. person agreement

29 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices Arabic language make us learn English. person agreement 70 Arabic language play important. person agreement 71 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 72 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 73 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 74 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 75 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 76 Arabic play an important role. person agreement 77 English is very important and use in the computer. person agreement 78 It help understand English. person agreement 79 It need hardworking. person agreement 80 She need English. person agreement 81 The Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 82 The Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 83 The Arabic language play. person agreement 84 The teacher teach English. person agreement 85 The teacher use English. person agreement 86 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 87 Arabic language help me learning English. person agreement 88 Arabic language help me to understand some words in English. person agreement 89 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 90 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 91 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 92 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 93 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 94 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement

30 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 96 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 97 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 98 Arabic language play in grammar. person agreement 99 Yemen need to use Yemeni teachers. person agreement 100 Arabic language help me learning English. person agreement 101 It help us to get a powerful building. person agreement 102 It help us to communicate with others. person agreement 103 It help us to learn. person agreement 105 Arabic language play an important role. person agreement 106 I always depends on myself. person agreement 107 I plans to get as much as information. person agreement 108 I plans to work hard. person agreement 109 If you wants to travel,you need English. person agreement 110 We wants this language. person agreement Addition errors (Intralingual interference) No. The sentence The error 1 The English is difficult. definite article 2 I learn the English. definite article 3 I like reading the English. definite article 4 I speak the English good. definite article 5 The English is easy. definite article 6 The English is easy. definite article 7 The English is my language. definite article 8 I am the working in the hospital. definite article 9 The English is the language in the world. definite article

31 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices He does can speak English. does 11 All Yemeni students will be a good speakers of English. indefinite article 12 My plan is to be a good wife with a good children. indefinite article 13 Speaking with a foreigner people to understand what they want. indefinite article 14 To find out a good teachers. indefinite article 15 I want to have a good students in English language. indefinite article 16 English language is a very important. indefinite article 17 I make a plans to achieve the wishes. indefinite article 18 I will feel a happy. indefinite article 19 People discover a great things. indefinite article 20 I have a plans for my future. indefinite article 21 I will doing teaching. ing 22 by learning English we can knowing about the teacher. ing 23 I can learning English. ing 24 We should learning English. ing 25 I want learning. ing 26 I will working well. ing 27 I don't studying. ing 28 We must reading and talking. ing 29 We must talking. ing 30 I don't speaking English. ing 31 I don't speaking very well. ing 32 I used to studying in this college. ing 33 I want to learning language. ing 34 I will thinking about some additional activities. ing 35 I hope to traveling abroad. ing 36 It is helps us to communicate. linking verb

32 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices He must be study. linking verb 38 You should be use a data show. linking verb 39 They were love me and remember me. linking verb 40 I am understand the English language. linking verb 41 I am like teacher. linking verb 42 It is plays an important role. linking verb 43 It is helps to know others. linking verb 44 It is helps learn English. linking verb 45 I am like the English language. linking verb 46 I am love this subject very well. linking verb 47 I am found English language difficult. linking verb 48 I'm like speaking English. linking verb 49 It is helps us to live in this life. linking verb 50 I am like learning English linking verb 51 I am love it. linking verb 52 I am understand it. linking verb 53 I am wish all people know English. linking verb 54 It s becomes a national language. linking verb 55 The people are always go to that place. linking verb 56 They are can not speak English. linking verb 57 We are can not understand them. linking verb 58 I will be know exactly what to do. linking verb 59 I like is a job very much. linking verb 60 We must be learn English. linking verb 61 I will don't finish studying English. modal verb 62 He will generates or creates a good generation. modal verb 63 He can lives in any place. modal verb 64 I will am a teacher. modal verb 65 They are can not learning English. modal verb 66 I have not never studied English before. negative

33 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices The teacher does not never speak Arabic. negative 68 He will acquired the language. past marker 69 I can delivered past marker 70 I did not went to school. past marker 71 I goed to education college. past marker 72 I want to travel to any foreign country and completed my study. past marker 73 I didn't faced any problem because it is interesting language. past marker 74 Teacher didn't admitted to use the recorder. past marker 75 I choosed English language. past marker 76 I will returned to my city. past marker 77 We can used it in different ways. past marker 78 We can used it. past marker 79 I goed to school. past marker 80 I choosed English. past marker 81 I choosed learning. past marker 82 I want to meet a lot of peoples plural marker 83 I have more informations. plural marker 84 Reading is one of the best ways of improving my vocabularies. plural marker 85 I am learning the rules of English grammars. plural marker 86 My father and mother they are very glad. subject 87 I like this the language. this/the 88 We must to try to learn to be teacher. to 89 They will to read newspaper. to 90 We must to choose the best. to 91 We must to improve from selves. to 92 We must to learn something about English. to 93 We must to learn this language. to

34 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices We must to show the foreign people our culture. to 95 I can't to join my college. to 96 I will to be able to speak or write. to 97 You should to have enough background. to 98 I don't to have reasons for learning. to 99 I must to teach English. to 100 We must to speak Arabic in all day. to 101 We should to learn English. to 102 I will to be an English teacher. to 103 We must to improve the way of learning English. to 104 You must to be good. to Omission errors (Intralingual interference) No. The sentence Type of omission 1 English is first language in the world. definite article 2 I not study English.. do 3 I no find difficulties. do 4 Sometimes I not understand my teacher. do 5 You not have wish. do 6 Some people not help. do 7 We not speak Arabic. do 8 I not have any previous classes to improve English. do 9 to improve the way of learning by read a lot of books. ing 10 I am start learning English. ing 11 I want to complete study English. ing 12 I start learn English. ing 13 I will communicate with the world easy. ly

35 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I couldn't any words. main verb 15 We haven t new words. main verb 16 My parent support me to study this language. marker of the plural 17 There are many reason to learn good handwriting. marker of the plural 18 The importance English is an international language. of 19 I want to able speak English. to 20 After college, I go study abroad. to 21 How learn it. to 22 I like speak English. to 23 I like be translator. to 24 I like speak English. to 25 I like to be able deal with stranger. to 26 I suggest speak it more time. to 27 I want develop the English language. to 28 I want help students. to 29 I want know teaching. to 30 I want learn this language. to 31 I want travel. to 32 I want understand. to 33 I wish be the teacher in the school. to 34 I wish learn English language. to 35 I wish learn this language. to 36 I wish understand the English language in the future. to 37 I would like be a teacher. to 38 I would like study English. to 39 My dream in future is become good teacher. to

36 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices My plans is be a doctor. to 41 The important plan is improve myself. to 42 The reasons that make me learning English is be teacher. to 43 The way that make us improve learning is speak. to 44 I hope be like my teachers. to 45 I hope finish English. to 46 I want also use the English language. to 47 I want be a doctor. to 48 I want complete my study. to 49 I want travel to another country. to 50 I want work hard. to 51 I wish complete my study. to 52 I wish complete my study. to 53 My plans for future are travel to London. to 54 We have speak in English. to 55 I decided complete my study. to 56 I am learning English help people in future. to 57 I hope be a first and I want travel. to 58 I like learn a lot of language to 59 I like read and write. to 60 I like speak English. to 61 I like study this language. to 62 I suggest use English. to 63 I want change the way of learning. to 64 I want complete. to 65 I want know English. to 66 I want study English. to 67 I want study grammar. to 68 I want teach English. to

37 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I want teach the student. to 70 I want thank him. to 71 I want understand. to 72 I will like speak English. to 73 It helps me learn English. to 74 It is very important know it. to 75 It is very important learn it. to 76 Learning how speak English. to 77 The suggestions improve are English. to 78 They finish learn English. to 79 We need learn English. to 80 I hope travel to Egypt. to 81 I hope work in the company. to 82 I like help poor people. to 83 I like help the people. to 84 I plan for the future be a teacher. to 85 I want make a general library. to 86 I want be teacher and help the students. to 87 I want become a doctor. to 88 I want do all my hoppies. to 89 I want learn pharmacy. to 90 I want leave to London. to 91 I want speak English. to 92 I want speak English. to 93 I want study. to 94 I want work and speak with different people. to 95 I wish improve Yemen students. to 96 My plan is study of English. to 97 The importance of English language is keep the words. to

38 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I want teach English. to 99 I want speak English. to 100 I like plan for future. to 101 I love study English. to/ ing 102 I like learn English. to/ing Selection (Intralingual interference) No. The sentences The wrong choice 1 English is a best subject for me. a 2 I am interested about English. about 3 I must am a teacher. am 4 I wish I can't is a teacher. is 5 I am not have suggestions. am 6 I am not have a teacher. am 7 I am not like to teach English. am 8 I am not finish. am 9 Are you understand? are 10 We aren't have a good teacher. are 11 We can improve it be listening to TV. be 12 I want to be a lot of information. be 13 I suggested for improve the language. for 14 I dream is to be a doctor in English. I 15 I dream is open. I 16 I plan for the future is studying english. I 17 I desire is to learn this language. I 18 I ambition is to be a tourist guide. I 19 This language is very importance. importance

39 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices English is an importance language. importance 21 English language is very importance. importance 22 English language is very importance. importance 23 English language is very importance. importance 24 I want to learn all the people this language. learn 25 I will learn my sons and brothers. learn 26 I will learn this language to any one he likes. learn 27 The teacher learn student and help them. learn 28 I am planning to learn my students English. learn 29 I mean teachers must learn student. learn 30 I will open an institute to learn the people English language. learn 31 The doctor can learn the student carefully. learn 32 The teacher who teach writing and learn student. learn 33 The teacher will use another techniques to learn student. learn 34 English language is used to learn people. learn 35 I learn some people to speak English. learn 36 I learn this language to students. learn 37 I want to learn pupils the language. learn 38 I want to learn students English. learn 39 I will learn language to people. learn 40 I would like to learn English to students. learn 41 Mohammed (PBUH) learns us to learn other language. learn 42 Teacher does not learn good. learn 43 I learn students English learn 44 I learn the boys and girls learn 45 I returned to learn the student. learn 46 I will learn the student. learn

40 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I will do some classes to learn students. learn 48 I will try to learn English in a school. learn 49 I want to learn student English. learn 50 Native speakers must learn the student. learn 51 Teachers must learn their students how to speak. learn 52 I want learning English. learn 53 I want learning English. learn 54 I want to learn English to students. learn 55 I want learning the student. learning 56 I want to now English grammar. now 57 I want to teach the people speak English. speak 58 The teacher is spoken very fast. spoken 59 I suggestion improving teaching English in class. Suggestion 60 This skills must be good. this 61 Grammar is to difficult. to 62 I enjoy to learn English. to learn 63 Teacher encourages the students to develop your skills. your Simplification (Intralingual interference) No. The sentence 1 I am learning English in elementary. 2 I am starting English in I learn English since 12 years. 4 I start learning English in I start learning English when I was I study English ten years ago. 7 We study English since childhood.

41 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I begin learning English since preparatory. 9 I find difficult in grammar. 10 I learn in the secondary school for three years. 11 I start in I start in primary school. 13 I start learning English before 9 years. 14 I start learning English language in I start learning English when I was in the 7th grade. 16 I start learning in I start learning in college in I start learning in school in I start learning when I was at school. 20 I teach English for 3 years. 21 It affect my grammar 22 It make the world as unit. 23 Now I study English in college. 24 We find some words hard. 25 English language become the most important than any language. 26 English language make the student well. 27 I learn English when I entered the school. 28 I start learning English before 3 years. 29 I start learning English in preparatory school. 30 I start learning English in the secondary school. 31 I start my learning English in I start my learning English when I was I start learning English in school. 34 I start learning English in I start learning English in I start learning English in 2002.

42 Analyzing Students interlanguage Appendices I start learning English in I start learning English in I start learning English in I start learning English in I start learning English in the secondary. 42 I start learning English since 4 years. 43 I start learning in I study English before school. 45 I am starting my learning English in Sentence fragment (Intralingual interference) No. The sentence 1 Because English language is used in the computer. 2 Because it's very easy. 3 If I finish learning English. 4 When he is talking English. 5 When I knew meaning of Arabic. 6 Because I interested with this language. If you find yourself enjoining to travel another 7 country. 8 Because people who want to learn this language. When I am fourteen years,i started learning 9 English. 10 When I am in school. 11 If there is techniques.

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