Reporting Significant Turbulence Events

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1 Reporting Significant Turbulence Events Operations and Airworthiness Presented to: North Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team By: David M. Smith, Oakland Flight Standards District Office Date:

2 Purpose Airbus, Boeing and FAA to gather information on both operation and airworthiness issues/procedures related to reporting significant turbulence events 2

3 Flight Turbulence Events May 10, 1980 Indian Airlines, B near Rampur Hat, India October NLM City Hopper, F , Moerdijk, Netherlands October 3, 1990 Eastern Airlines, DC 31, Florida, USA September 5, 1996 Air France B near Ouagadougan, Burkin Faso December United Airlines, B , over the Pacific Ocean near Japan 3

4 References in FAR 121 To Turbulence Weather Reporting Facilities Manual Requirements Non-transport category airplanes: En Route limitations: One engine inoperative Carriage of Cargo in the Passenger Compartment Pilot and Flight Engineer: Initial, Transition, and Upgrade Ground Training Aircraft dispatcher information to pilot in command: Domestic and Flag Operations 4

5 FAR Part 121 referring to Turbulence Weather reporting facilities (d) Each certificate holder conducting domestic or flag operations shall adopt and put into use an approved system for obtaining forecasts and reports of adverse weather phenomena, such as clear air turbulence, thunderstorms, and low altitude wind shear, that may affect safety of flight on each route to be flown and at each airport to be used. 5

6 FAR Part 121 referring to Turbulence Manual Requirements (b)(14) Procedures for operating in periods of ice, hail, thunderstorms, turbulence, or any potentially hazardous meteorological condition. 6

7 FAR Part 121 referring to Turbulence Non-transport category airplanes: En route limitations: One engine inoperative (b) Before approving such a procedure, the Administrator considers the following for the route, route segment, or area concerned: (3) The prevailing weather conditions, particularly the frequency and amount of turbulence normally encountered. 7

8 FAR Part 121 referring to Turbulence Carriage of cargo in passenger compartments (d) Cargo, including carry-on baggage, may be carried anywhere in the passenger compartment or if it is carried in accordance with each of the following: (1) For cargo, it is properly secured by a safety belt of other tie-down having enough strength to eliminate the possibility of shifting under all normally anticipated flight and ground conditions, or for carry-on baggage it is restrained so as to prevent its movement during air turbulence. 8

9 FAR Part 121 referring to Turbulence Pilots and flight engineers: Initial, transition, and upgrade ground training (a)(2)(vi) Procedures for- (c) Operating in or near thunderstorms (including best penetrating altitudes), turbulent air (including clear air turbulence), icing, hail, and other potentially hazardous meteorological conditions; 9

10 FAR Part 121 referring to Turbulence Aircraft Dispatcher information to pilot in command: Domestic and flag operations. (b) Before beginning a flight, the aircraft dispatcher shall provide the pilot in command with all available weather reports and forecasts of weather phenomena that may affect the safety of flight, including adverse weather phenomena, such as clear air turbulence, thunderstorms, and low altitude wind shear, for each route to be flown and each airport to be used. (C) During a flight, the aircraft dispatcher shall provide the pilot in command any additional available information of meteorological conditions (including adverse weather phenomena, such as clear air turbulence, thunderstorms, and low altitude wind shear), and irregularities of facilities and services that may affect the safety of the flight. 10

11 FAA Advisory Circulars AC 00-3B Atmospheric Turbulence Avoidance AC 00-6a Aviation Weather AC Aviation weather Services AC Pilot s handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge AC A Preventing Injuries Caused by Turbulence 11

12 NTSB Data Accident an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time a person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight and all such persons have disembarked, and in which a person suffers death or a serious injury, or in which an aircraft receives substantial damage Serious Injury any injury that (1) requires the individual to be hospitalized for more than 48 hours, commencing within 7 days from the date the injury was received, (2), (3), (4), (5). From , only 4 people received serious injuries during turbulence who were seated with seatbelts fastened (excludes cases of other people falling onto or injuring properly secured occupants). 12

13 NTSB Accident Reports Relating to Turbulence 13

14 NTSB Accident Reports Relating to Turbulence 14

15 Conclusion There is not a Regulation in Part 121 that requires the reporting of significant turbulent event. There is no doubt that there is a problem but a Part 121 regulatory resolution is not available THANK YOU 15

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