1. In which reaction is water acting only as a proton acceptor? 1) H 2 SO 4 (aq) + H 2 O ( ) HSO 4 (aq) + H 3 O + (aq)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "1. In which reaction is water acting only as a proton acceptor? 1) H 2 SO 4 (aq) + H 2 O ( ) HSO 4 (aq) + H 3 O + (aq)"

Transcription

1 1. In which reaction is water acting only as a proton acceptor? 1) H 2 SO 4 (aq) H 2 O ( ) HSO 4 (aq) H 3 O (aq) NH 3 (g) H 2 O ( ) NH 4 (aq) OH (aq) CH 3 COO (aq) H 2 O ( ) CH 3 COOH(aq) OH (aq) H 2 O ( ) H 2 O (l) H 3 O ( ) OH (aq) 2. In the reaction: NH 3 H 2 O * NH 4 OH A conjugate acid-base pair is 1) NH 3 and H 2 O NH 3 and OH H 2 O and OH H 2 O and NH 4 3. In the reaction: NH 3 HCl NH 4 Cl The NH 3 acts as 1) a Brönsted acid, only a Brönsted base, only both a Brönsted acid and a Brönsted base neither a Brönsted acid nor a Brönsted base 4. Given the reaction: HSO 2 4 HPO 4 SO 2 4 H 2 PO 4 Which pair represents an acid and its conjugate base? 1) HSO 2 4 and SO 4 HSO 2 4 and HPO 4 SO 2 4 and H 2 PO 4 SO and HPO 4 5. According to Reference Table V, which of the following is the strongest Brönsted-Lowry base? 1) HS S 2 HSO 4 2 SO 4 6. According to Reference Table V, which is the strongest Brönsted base? 1) I NH 2 F OH 7. According to Reference Table V, the Br ion is classified as a 1) strong conjugate base weak conjugate base strong conjugate acid weak conjugate acid 8. If HCl and H 2 O react together, in an acid-base reaction to form their Brönsted-Lowry conjugates, the products would be 1) HCl and H 3 O Cl and OH Cl 2 and H 2 Cl and H 3 O 9. Which equation illustrates the amphiprotic properties of a reactant species? 1) NH 2 (aq) H 2 O( ) NH 4 (aq) OH (aq) H 2 O( ) H 2 O( ) H 3 O (aq) OH (aq) HCl(aq) H 2 O( ) H 3 O (aq) Cl (aq) 2H 2 (g) O 2 (g) 2H 2 O( )

2 10. Given the reaction: HI(g) H 2 O( ) H 3 O (aq) I (aq) Which species represents the base by accepting a proton in the forward reaction? 1) HI(g) H 2 O( ) H 3 O (aq) I (aq) 11. The conjugate base of the HSO 3 ion is 1) HS S 2 2 SO 3 2 SO Given the reaction: NH 3 H 2 O NH 4 OH The water acts as the 1) base proton acceptor acid electron donor 13. Which Bronsted acid has a conjugate base that has amphoteric properties? 1) HCl HNO 3 H 3 O HSO Which of the following is the weakest Brönsted acid? 1) HBr HCl HI HF 15. Given the reaction: CH 3 COOH(aq) H 2 O( ) CH 3 COO (aq) H 3 O (aq) In this reaction, which substances are accepting protons? 1) CH 3 COOH(ag) and H 2 O( ) CH 3 COOH(ag) and CH 3 COO (ag) H 2 O( ) and H 3 O (ag) H 2 O( ) and CH 3 COO (aq) 16. The conjugate base of NH 3 is 1) NH 2 NH 3 NO Based on the reference Table V, which substance is amphoteric (amphiprotic)? 1) HS Br HBr H 2 S 18. Given reactions A and B: (A) HCl H 2 O Cl H 3 O (B) HCl HS Cl H 2 S In which of the reactions does HCl donate a proton and thus act as an acid? 1) A, only both A and B B, only neither A nor B 19. According to Reference Table V, which of the following Brönsted acids is strongest? 1) HBr HF H 2 S NH The conjugate acid of the HS ion is 1) H S H 2 O H 2 S 21. According to an alternative theory, an acid is any species that can 1) donate a proton accept a proton donate an electron accept an electron 22. A compound that can act as an acid or a base is referred to as 1) a neutral substance an amphoteric substance a monomer an isomer 23. In the reaction: H 2 SO 4 H 2 O H 3 O HSO 4 A conjugate acid-base pair is 1) H 2 SO 4 and H 2 O H 3 O and HSO 4 H 2 O and HSO 4 H 2 SO 4 and HSO Given the reaction at equilibrium: C 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) H 2 S(aq) HS (aq) HC 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) Which pair represents the Brönsted-Lowry bases in this reaction? 1) C 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) and H 2 S(aq) C 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) and HS (aq) H 2 S(aq) and HC 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) HS (aq) and HC 2 H 3 O 2 (aq) 25. In the reaction NH 3 H 2 O NH 4 OH A conjugate acid-base pair is 1) NH 3 and H 2 O NH 3 and OH H 2 O and NH 4 H 2 O and OH 26. According to Reference Table V, which species can act as either a Brönsted acid or base? 1) NH 3 NH 4 HF H 2 S

3 27. Given the reactions X and Y below: X: H 2 O NH 3 NH 4 OH Y: H 2 O HSO 4 H 3 O 2 SO 4 Which statement describes the behavior of the H 2 O in these reactions? 1) Water acts as an acid in both reactions. Water acts as a base in both reactions. Water acts as an acid in reaction X and as a base in reaction Y. Water acts as a base in reaction X and as an acid in reaction Y. 28. In the reaction: HBr H 2 O H 3 O Br Which is a conjugate acid-base pair? 1) HBr and Br HBr and H 2 O H 3 O and Br H 3 O and HBr 29. Which reaction illustrates amphoterism? 1) H 2 O H 2 O H 3 O OH HCI H 2 O H 3 O Cl NaCl Na Cl NaOH Na OH 30. Which is the conjugate acid of HSO 4? 1) H 2 SO 4 H 3 O HSO 3 2 SO What is the conjugate acid of HPO 2 4? 1) H 3 O H 2 PO 4 H 3 PO 4 3 PO Which species can act as an acid? 1) SO 2 CO 2 NH 4 3 PO Which of the following is the strongest base (proton acceptor)? 1) I - Cl - Br - F Which of the following Brönsted bases has the strongest conjugate acid? 1) Cl OH 3 PO According to Reference Table V, what is the conjugate acid of the hydroxide ion (OH )? 1) O 2 H H 2 O H 3 O 36. In the reaction: H 2 S NH 3 NH 4 HS Which two species act as a base by accepting protons? 1) NH 3 and HS H 2 S and NH 3 H 2 S and HS 37. Which of the following Brönsted bases has the strongest conjugate acid? 1) OH F HS NO Which species is amphoteric? 1) H 2 S Cl HS HCl 39. According to Reference Table V, the HSO 4 ion can act as 1) an acid, only a base, only either an acid or a base neither an acid nor a base 40. Based on Table V, which ion is amphiprotic? 1) NH 4 OH HSO In the reaction: HS NH 2 NH 3 S 2 The two bases that accept protons are 1) HS and NH 2 HS and NH 3 S 2 and NH 2 S 2 and NH Which of the following Brönsted acids has the strongest conjugate base? 1) HBr H 2 SO 4 HF H 2 S 43. According to Reference Table V, which substance is amphoteric (amphiprotic)? 1) HNO 3 HCO 3 HF 44. In the reaction H 2 S NH 3 * NH 4 HS, the two Brönsted-Lowry bases are 1) NH 3 and HS H 2 S and NH 3 H 2 S and HS

4 45. Given the equation: NH 3 (g) H 2 O( ) NH 4 (aq) OH (aq) The two acids acting as proton acceptors are 1) NH 3 and H 2 O H 2 O and NH 4 H 2 O and OH 46. Which of the following Brönsted acids has the strongest conjugate base? 1) HF HBr HCl HI 47. In the reaction: H 2 SO 4 H 2 O H 3 O HSO 4 Which two are proton donors? 1) H 2 SO 4 and H 3 O H 2 SO 4 and HSO 4 H 2 O and H 3 O H 2 O and HSO Given the reaction at equilibrium: HSO 4 NH 3 SO 2 4 NH 4 What are the two species that are acids? 1) 2 NH 3 and SO 4 HSO 2 4 and SO 4 HSO 4 and NH Given the reaction: H 2 O HCl H 3 O Cl The Brönsted-Lowry base for the forward reaction is 1) H 2 O H 3 O HCl Cl 50. In the reaction: HSO 4 H 2 O H 3 O 2 SO 4 The HSO 4 ion is 1) a proton donor a proton acceptor both a proton donor and acceptor a base

5 Reference Tables

6 Reference Tables

7 Answer Key

CHEM 10123/10125, Exam 2

CHEM 10123/10125, Exam 2 CHEM 10123/10125, Exam 2 March 7, 2012 (50 minutes) Name (please print) Please box your answers, and remember that significant figures, phases (for chemical equations), and units do count! 1. (13 points)

More information

Worksheet 4-2 Bronsted Acids and Equilibria

Worksheet 4-2 Bronsted Acids and Equilibria Worksheet 42 Bronsted Acids and Equilibria Worksheet 42 Bronsted Acids and Equilibria Name Date Due Hand In With Corrections by 1. Write the formula for a proton 2. Write the formula for a hydrated proton

More information

Chapter 15: Acids, Bases, and Salts. 15.1: Acids and Bases

Chapter 15: Acids, Bases, and Salts. 15.1: Acids and Bases Chapter 15: Acids, Bases, and Salts Name: 15.1: Acids and Bases Define an Acid: Define a Base: Ex of an acid in aqueous solution: Ex of a base in aqueous solution: List some of the properties of acids

More information

1. Identify the Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases and the conjugate acid base pairs in the following reactions.

1. Identify the Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases and the conjugate acid base pairs in the following reactions. Exercise #1 Brønsted-Lowry s and Bases 1. Identify the Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases and the conjugate acid base pairs in the following reactions. (a) HCl(aq) + H 2 O(l) H 3 O + (aq) + Cl (aq) (b) H 2

More information

Note: (H 3 O + = hydronium ion = H + = proton) Example: HS - + H 2 O H 3 O + + S 2-

Note: (H 3 O + = hydronium ion = H + = proton) Example: HS - + H 2 O H 3 O + + S 2- AcidBase Chemistry Arrhenius acid: Substance that dissolves in water and provides H + ions Arrhenius base: Substance that dissolves in water and provides OH ions Examples: HCl H + and Cl Acid NaOH Na +

More information

16. What is the H 3 O + concentration of a solution that has an OH concentration of 1 10 3 M? 1) 1 10 4 M 3) 1 10 11 M

16. What is the H 3 O + concentration of a solution that has an OH concentration of 1 10 3 M? 1) 1 10 4 M 3) 1 10 11 M 1. If the [OH ] = 1 10 4 at 298 K for a given solution, the [H + ] of the solution is equal to 1) 1 10 14 3) 1 10 6 2) 1 10 10 4) 1 10 4 2. Based on Reference Table V, which is the strongest base? 1) NO

More information

Unit Two: Acids and Bases

Unit Two: Acids and Bases Section One: Theoretical Stuff Unit Two: Acids and Bases The concept of acids and bases has existed for centuries. We can discuss them two ways, operational definitions and theoretical definitions. 1.

More information

3. Which of the following describes a conjugate acid-base pair for the following equilibrium? CN - (aq) + CH 3 NH 3 + (aq) H 2 CO 3 (aq) + H 2 O (l)

3. Which of the following describes a conjugate acid-base pair for the following equilibrium? CN - (aq) + CH 3 NH 3 + (aq) H 2 CO 3 (aq) + H 2 O (l) Acids, Bases & Redox 1 Practice Problems for Assignment 8 1. A substance which produces OH ions in solution is a definition for which of the following? (a) an Arrhenius acid (b) an Arrhenius base (c) a

More information

Acids and Bases. Chapter 16

Acids and Bases. Chapter 16 Acids and Bases Chapter 16 The Arrhenius Model An acid is any substance that produces hydrogen ions, H +, in an aqueous solution. Example: when hydrogen chloride gas is dissolved in water, the following

More information

Bronsted- Lowry Acid Base Chemistry

Bronsted- Lowry Acid Base Chemistry Bronsted Lowry Acid Base Chemistry Just a few reminders What makes an acid an acid? A BronstedLowry Acid is a compound that donates a proton (a hydrogen ion with a positive charge, H + ) o Think of the

More information

UNIT 14 - Acids & Bases

UNIT 14 - Acids & Bases COMMON ACIDS NOTES lactic acetic phosphoric citric malic PROPERTIES OF ACIDS 1. 1. PROPERTIES OF BASES 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4. 5. 5. NAMING ACIDS NOTES Binary acids (H + one element) Practice: 1. hydro- - HF

More information

Acids and Bases HW PSI Chemistry

Acids and Bases HW PSI Chemistry Acids and Bases HW PSI Chemistry Name 1) According to the Arrhenius concept, an acid is a substance that. A) is capable of donating one or more H + B) causes an increase in the concentration of H + in

More information

QUESTION (2012:3) (a) (i) Complete the table below showing the conjugate acids and bases. CO 3 H 2 O OH HCN CN -

QUESTION (2012:3) (a) (i) Complete the table below showing the conjugate acids and bases. CO 3 H 2 O OH HCN CN - QUESTION (2012:3) (i) Complete the table below showing the conjugate acids and bases. Conjugate acid Conjugate base - HCO 3 2 CO 3 H 2 O OH HCN CN - (ii) HPO 4 2 (aq) Write equations for the reactions

More information

If we write these equations in ionic form, in each case the net ionic equation is the same; H 3 O + (aq) + OH - (aq) H 2H 2 O(l)

If we write these equations in ionic form, in each case the net ionic equation is the same; H 3 O + (aq) + OH - (aq) H 2H 2 O(l) CHEM 1105 ACIDS AND BASES 1. Early Definitions Taste: Effect on Indicators: Neutralization: acids - sour; bases - bitter acids turn blue litmus red; bases turn red litmus blue phenolphthalein is colourless

More information

Name period Unit 9: acid/base equilibrium

Name period Unit 9: acid/base equilibrium Name period Unit 9: acid/base equilibrium 1. What is the difference between the Arrhenius and the BronstedLowry definition of an acid? Arrhenious acids give H + in water BronstedLowry acids are proton

More information

Chapter 14 - Acids and Bases

Chapter 14 - Acids and Bases Chapter 14 - Acids and Bases 14.1 The Nature of Acids and Bases A. Arrhenius Model 1. Acids produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solutions 2. Bases produce hydroxide ions in aqueous solutions B. Bronsted-Lowry

More information

CHAPTERS 15 FAKE TEST QUESTIONS. 1. According to the Brønsted Lowry definition, which species can function both as an acid and as a base?

CHAPTERS 15 FAKE TEST QUESTIONS. 1. According to the Brønsted Lowry definition, which species can function both as an acid and as a base? You might need to know the following K values: CHAPTERS 15 FAKE TEST QUESTIONS CH 3 COOH K a = 1.8 x 10 5 Benzoic Acid K a = 6.5 x 10 5 HNO 2 K a = 4.5 x 10 4 NH 3 K b = 1.8 x 10 5 HF K a = 7.2 x 10 4

More information

Acid Base Concepts. Arrhenius concept. Hydronium Ion. Page 1

Acid Base Concepts. Arrhenius concept. Hydronium Ion. Page 1 Acid Base Concepts Page 1 The Swedish chemist, Svante Arrhenius, framed the first successful concept of acids and bases. He defined acids and bases in terms of their effect on water. According to Arrhenius,

More information

ionic substances (separate) based on! Liquid Mixtures miscible two liquids that and form a immiscible two liquids that form a e.g.

ionic substances (separate) based on! Liquid Mixtures miscible two liquids that and form a immiscible two liquids that form a e.g. Unit 7 Solutions, Acids & Bases Solution mixture + solvent - substance present in the amount solute - in the solvent solvent molecules solute particles ionic substances (separate) based on! Liquid Mixtures

More information

CHAPTER 16: ACIDS AND BASES

CHAPTER 16: ACIDS AND BASES CHAPTER 16: ACIDS AND BASES Active Learning: 4, 6, 14; End-of-Chapter Problems: 2-25, 27-58, 66-68, 70, 75-77, 83, 90-91, 93-104 Chapter 15 End-of-Chapter Problems: 69-74, 125, 129, 133 16.1 ACIDS AND

More information

Chapter 14: Acids and Bases

Chapter 14: Acids and Bases Ch 14 Page 1 Chapter 14: Acids and Bases Properties of Acids Sour taste React with some metals Turns blue litmus paper red React with bases Some Common Acids HCl, hydrochloric acid H 2 SO 4, sulfuric acid

More information

Acid and Base Multiple Choice

Acid and Base Multiple Choice Acid and Base Multiple Choice January 1999 21. Consider the following acidbase equilibrium: HCO 3 + H 2 O H 2 CO 3 + OH In the reaction above, the BrönstedLowry acids are A. H 2 O and OH B. HCO 3 and OH

More information

Chapter 16 Acid-Base Equilibria

Chapter 16 Acid-Base Equilibria Chapter 16 AcidBase Equilibria Acids and bases are found in many common substances and are important in life processes. Group Work: Make a list of some common acids and bases. How do we know which is which?

More information

Chem 1B Dr. White 1. Chapter 14 Acids and Bases. 14.1 Nature of Acids and Bases. A. Acids. B. Bases

Chem 1B Dr. White 1. Chapter 14 Acids and Bases. 14.1 Nature of Acids and Bases. A. Acids. B. Bases Chem 1B Dr. White 1 Chapter 14 Acids and Bases 14.1 Nature of Acids and Bases A. Acids B. Bases Chem 1B Dr. White 2 C. Arrhenius Definition 1. acid 2. base 3. Acid-base reaction involving Arrhenius acids

More information

TOPIC 11: Acids and Bases

TOPIC 11: Acids and Bases TOPIC 11: Acids and Bases ELECTROLYTES are substances that when dissolves in water conduct electricity. They conduct electricity because they will break apart into Ex. NaCl(s)! Na + (aq) + Cl - (aq), and

More information

Chapter 16 Acid-Base Equilibria

Chapter 16 Acid-Base Equilibria Chapter 16 Acid-Base Equilibria Learning goals and key skills: Understand the nature of the hydrated proton, represented as either H + (aq) or H 3 O + (aq) Define and identify Arrhenuis acids and bases.

More information

CHEMISTRY 101 EXAM 3 (FORM B) DR. SIMON NORTH

CHEMISTRY 101 EXAM 3 (FORM B) DR. SIMON NORTH 1. Is H 3 O + polar or non-polar? (1 point) a) Polar b) Non-polar CHEMISTRY 101 EXAM 3 (FORM B) DR. SIMON NORTH 2. The bond strength is considerably greater in HF than in the other three hydrogen halides

More information

Acids and Bases: A Brief Review, see also pp and pp Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases 143. The H + Ion in Water

Acids and Bases: A Brief Review, see also pp and pp Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases 143. The H + Ion in Water Quiz number 5 will be given in recitation next week, Feb 26Mar 2 on the first part of Chapter 16, to be covered in lectures this week. 16.1 Acids and Bases: A Brief Review 16.2 BronstedLowry Acids and

More information

Acid-Base (Proton-Transfer) Reactions

Acid-Base (Proton-Transfer) Reactions Acid-Base (Proton-Transfer) Reactions Chapter 17 An example of equilibrium: Acid base chemistry What are acids and bases? Every day descriptions Chemical description of acidic and basic solutions by Arrhenius

More information

Write the acid-base equilibria connecting all components in the aqueous solution. Now list all of the species present.

Write the acid-base equilibria connecting all components in the aqueous solution. Now list all of the species present. Chapter 16 Acids and Bases Concept Check 16.1 Chemists in the seventeenth century discovered that the substance that gives red ants their irritating bite is an acid with the formula HCHO 2. They called

More information

Acid/base Definitions. Acid/Base Definitions. Acid / Base Chemistry. Acid/Base Definitions. Identifying Acids and Bases

Acid/base Definitions. Acid/Base Definitions. Acid / Base Chemistry. Acid/Base Definitions. Identifying Acids and Bases Acids Identifying Acids and Bases Acid (anhydrides) contains H+ ions as the cation, with and other element as the anion Non-metal oxide H2SO4 HI P2O5 Bases Base (anhydrides) Contains OH- as the anion Combined

More information

CHEM 1212 Test II. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

CHEM 1212 Test II. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. CHEM 1212 Test II MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that est completes the statement or answers the question. 1) At 1000 K, the equilirium constant for the reaction is K p = 0.013. 2NO (g) +

More information

6) Which compound is manufactured in larger quantities in the U.S. than any other industrial chemical?

6) Which compound is manufactured in larger quantities in the U.S. than any other industrial chemical? MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which statement concerning Arrhenius acid-base theory is not correct? A) Acid-base reactions must

More information

Answer the following questions on notebook paper, to be collected and graded for correctness.

Answer the following questions on notebook paper, to be collected and graded for correctness. nswer the following questions on notebook paper, to be collected and graded for correctness. 1. Name the following binary acids: a. HCl hydrochloric acid b. HF hydrofluoric acid c. H 2 S hydrosulfuric

More information

Chapter 16: Acid-Base and Solubility Equilibria: Reactions in Soil and Water

Chapter 16: Acid-Base and Solubility Equilibria: Reactions in Soil and Water Chapter 16: Acid-Base and Solubility Equilibria: Reactions in Soil and Water Problems: 16.2-16.86 16.1 ACIDS AND BASES: THE BRØNSTED-LOWRY MODEL PROPERTIES OF ACIDS & BASES Acids produce hydrogen ions,

More information

CHEMISTRY 101 EXAM 3 (FORM A) DR. SIMON NORTH

CHEMISTRY 101 EXAM 3 (FORM A) DR. SIMON NORTH CHEMISTRY 101 EXAM 3 (FORM A) DR. SIMON NORTH 1. When considering conjugate acids and bases, (2 points) a) Strong acids have strong conjugate bases. b) Strong bases have strong conjugate acids. c) Weak

More information

Acids and Bases: A Brief Review

Acids and Bases: A Brief Review Acids and : A Brief Review Acids: taste sour and cause dyes to change color. : taste bitter and feel soapy. Arrhenius: acids increase [H ] bases increase [OH ] in solution. Arrhenius: acid base salt water.

More information

Titrations. Acid-Base Indicators and Titration Curves. Shapes of Titration Curves. A titration curve is a graphical history of a titration

Titrations. Acid-Base Indicators and Titration Curves. Shapes of Titration Curves. A titration curve is a graphical history of a titration Acid-Base Indicators and Titration Curves Titrations In a titration a solution of accurately known concentration is added gradually added to another solution of unknown concentration until the chemical

More information

Acids and Bases. Basic Definitions & Concepts

Acids and Bases. Basic Definitions & Concepts Acids and Bases CHEM 102! T. Hughbanks! Basic Definitions & Concepts Most basic concepts are given clearly in your text - these notes will only list these as topics discussed, so there will be less detail.!

More information

CHAPTER 9. ANS: a. ANS: d. ANS: c. ANS: a. ANS: c

CHAPTER 9. ANS: a. ANS: d. ANS: c. ANS: a. ANS: c CHAPTER 9 1. Which one of the following is the acid in vinegar? a. acetic acid b. citric acid c. muriatic acid d. ascorbic acid 2. Which is a basic or alkaline substance? a. gastric fluid b. black coffee

More information

Chapter 17. How are acids different from bases? Acid Physical properties. Base. Explaining the difference in properties of acids and bases

Chapter 17. How are acids different from bases? Acid Physical properties. Base. Explaining the difference in properties of acids and bases Chapter 17 Acids and Bases How are acids different from bases? Acid Physical properties Base Physical properties Tastes sour Tastes bitter Feels slippery or slimy Chemical properties Chemical properties

More information

1. Read P. 368-375, P. 382-387 & P. 429-436; P. 375 # 1-11 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436 #1, 7, 8, 11

1. Read P. 368-375, P. 382-387 & P. 429-436; P. 375 # 1-11 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436 #1, 7, 8, 11 SCH3U- R.H.KING ACADEMY SOLUTION & ACID/BASE WORKSHEET Name: The importance of water - MAKING CONNECTION READING 1. Read P. 368-375, P. 382-387 & P. 429-436; P. 375 # 1-11 & P. 389 # 1,7,9,12,15; P. 436

More information

Acid-Base Chemistry. Brønsted-Lowry Acids & Bases

Acid-Base Chemistry. Brønsted-Lowry Acids & Bases Acid-Base Chemistry ν There are a couple of ways to define acids and bases ν Brønsted-Lowry acids and bases ν Acid: H + ion donor ν Base: H + ion acceptor ν Lewis acids and bases ν Acid: electron pair

More information

Since we will be dealing with aqueous acid and base solution, first we must examine the behavior of water.

Since we will be dealing with aqueous acid and base solution, first we must examine the behavior of water. Acids and Bases Know the definition of Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry, and Lewis acid and base. Autoionization of Water Since we will be dealing with aqueous acid and base solution, first we must examine the

More information

p3 Recognizing Acid/Base Properties when p11 Recognizing Basic versus Nonbasic

p3 Recognizing Acid/Base Properties when p11 Recognizing Basic versus Nonbasic General Chemistry II Jasperse Acid-Base Chemistry. Extra Practice Problems 1 General Types/Groups of problems: Conceptual Questions. Acids, Bases, and p1 K b and pk b, Base Strength, and using K b or p7-10

More information

TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTION

TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTION TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTION I. METATHESIS REACTIONS (or DOUBLE DISPLACEMENT RXNS) In these reactions the ions of the reactants are exchanged: A + B (aq) + C + D (aq) AD (?) + CB (?) Double Displacement

More information

Chapter 13 & 14 Practice Exam

Chapter 13 & 14 Practice Exam Name: Class: Date: Chapter 13 & 14 Practice Exam Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Acids generally release H 2 gas when they react with a.

More information

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í CHEMICAL REACTIONS

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í CHEMICAL REACTIONS Chemical reaction = process during which original substances change to new substances, reactants turn to... The bonds of reactants... and new bonds are... The classification of reactions: 1. Classification

More information

Acids and Bases: Definitions. Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases. Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases CHEMISTRY THE CENTRAL SCIENCE

Acids and Bases: Definitions. Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases. Brønsted-Lowry Acids and Bases CHEMISTRY THE CENTRAL SCIENCE CHEMISTRY THE CENTRAL SCIENCE Professor Angelo R. Rossi Department of Chemistry Spring Semester Acids and Bases: Definitions Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases Acids are substances which increase

More information

Types of Reactions. What are Acids &Bases? Chapter 15. Acids & Bases. Definition? a) Arrhenius. b) Bronsted-Lowry. c) Lewis

Types of Reactions. What are Acids &Bases? Chapter 15. Acids & Bases. Definition? a) Arrhenius. b) Bronsted-Lowry. c) Lewis Chapter 15. Acids & Bases Acid/Base Definitions Types of Acids/bases Polyprotic Acids The Ion Product for Water The ph and Other p Scales Aqueous Solutions of Acids and Bases Hydrolysis The Common Ion

More information

NH 3 + H 2 O + OH - NH 4. Acid-Base Concepts -- Chapter 15 + H + Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs: - H + base. acid

NH 3 + H 2 O + OH - NH 4. Acid-Base Concepts -- Chapter 15 + H + Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs: - H + base. acid Acid-Base Concepts -- Chapter 15 1. Arrhenius Acid-Base Concept (last semester) Acid: H+ supplier Base: OH- supplier 2. Brønsted-Lowry Acid-Base Concept (more general) (a) Definition (H+ transfer) Acid:

More information

Notes: Acids and Bases

Notes: Acids and Bases Name Chemistry Pre-AP Notes: Acids and Bases Period I. Describing Acids and Bases A. Properties of Acids taste ph 7 Acids change color of an (e.g. blue litmus paper turns in the presence of an acid) React

More information

AP Chemistry- Acids and Bases General Properties of Acids and Bases. Bases- originally defined as any substance that neutralized an acid

AP Chemistry- Acids and Bases General Properties of Acids and Bases. Bases- originally defined as any substance that neutralized an acid AP Chemistry Acids and Bases General Properties of Acids and Bases Acids Electrolyte Taste Litmus Phenolphthalein React with metals to give off H 2 gas H 2 SO 4 (aq) + Mg (s) MgSO 4 (aq) + H 2 (g) Ionize

More information

ACID-BASE REACTIONS/ THE PH CONCEPT.

ACID-BASE REACTIONS/ THE PH CONCEPT. Dr Mike Lyons School of Chemistry Trinity College Dublin. melyons@tcd.ie ACID-BASE REACTIONS/ THE PH CONCEPT. Chemistry Preliminary Course 2011 1 Lecture topics. 2 lectures dealing with some core chemistry

More information

Ch Acids and Bases. Arrhenius Definition Acids produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution. Bases produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water.

Ch Acids and Bases. Arrhenius Definition Acids produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution. Bases produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water. Ch 15-16 Acids and Bases Arrhenius Definition Acids produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution. Bases produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water. Limits to aqueous solutions. Only one kind of base.

More information

1. For the equilibrium that exists in an aqueous solution of nitrous acid (HNO 2, a weak acid), the equilibrium constant expression is:

1. For the equilibrium that exists in an aqueous solution of nitrous acid (HNO 2, a weak acid), the equilibrium constant expression is: 1. For the equilibrium that exists in an aqueous solution of nitrous acid (HNO 2, a weak acid), the equilibrium constant expression is: a) K = [H+ ][NO 2 ] [HNO 2 ] b) K = [H+ ][N][O] 2 [HNO 2 ] c) K =

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. A.P. Chemistry Practice Test: Ch. 14, Acids and Bases Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The conjugate base of HSO4 - is A) H2SO4

More information

Conjugate acids and bases and amphoteric (amphiprotic) substances.

Conjugate acids and bases and amphoteric (amphiprotic) substances. Acids and bases In this chapter learners will explore acid-base reactions and redox reactions. Redox reactions were briefly introduced in gr10. The concepts of acids, bases, reduction, oxidation and oxidation

More information

An acid is a substance that produces H + (H 3 O + ) Ions in aqueous solution. A base is a substance that produces OH - ions in aqueous solution.

An acid is a substance that produces H + (H 3 O + ) Ions in aqueous solution. A base is a substance that produces OH - ions in aqueous solution. Chapter 8 Acids and Bases Definitions Arrhenius definitions: An acid is a substance that produces H + (H 3 O + ) Ions in aqueous solution. A base is a substance that produces OH - ions in aqueous solution.

More information

Name: Date: (aq) Ag(S 2 O 3 ) 2. (aq) K 2 = 4.7 x 10 13

Name: Date: (aq) Ag(S 2 O 3 ) 2. (aq) K 2 = 4.7 x 10 13 Name: Date: 1. The solubility of silver bromide can be increased by dissolving it in a solution containing the thiosulfate anion. AgBr(s) Ag + (aq) + Br - (aq) K 1 = 7.7 x 10-13 Ag + (aq) + 2S 2 O 3 2-

More information

Acid-Base Equilibrium

Acid-Base Equilibrium AcidBaseEquil 1 Acid-Base Equilibrium See AqueousIons in Chemistry 1110 online notes for review of acid-base fundamentals! Acid- Base Reaction in Aqueous Salt Solutions Recall that use [ ] to mean concentration

More information

Equilibrium, Acids and Bases Unit Summary:

Equilibrium, Acids and Bases Unit Summary: Equilibrium, Acids and Bases Unit Summary: Prerequisite Skills and Knowledge Understand concepts of concentration, solubility, saturation point, pressure, density, viscosity, flow rate, and temperature

More information

Chapter 17. The best buffer choice for ph 7 is NaH 2 PO 4 /Na 2 HPO 4. 19)

Chapter 17. The best buffer choice for ph 7 is NaH 2 PO 4 /Na 2 HPO 4. 19) Chapter 17 2) a) HCl and CH 3 COOH are both acids. A buffer must have an acid/base conjugate pair. b) NaH 2 PO 4 and Na 2 HPO 4 are an acid/base conjugate pair. They will make an excellent buffer. c) H

More information

Chapter 19: Acids and Bases Homework Packet (50 pts) Name: Score: / 50

Chapter 19: Acids and Bases Homework Packet (50 pts) Name: Score: / 50 Chapter 19: Acids and Bases Homework Packet (50 pts) Topic pg Section 19.1 1-3 Section 19.2 3-6 Section 19.3 6-7 Section 19.4 8 Naming Acids 9 Properties of Acids/Bases 10-11 Conjugate Acid/Base Pairs

More information

5. The ph of a solution is 2. If its ph is increased to 6, how many times greater is the [H + ] of the original solution?

5. The ph of a solution is 2. If its ph is increased to 6, how many times greater is the [H + ] of the original solution? IB Chemistry SL Topic 8 Questions 4. Which substance can be dissolved in water to give a 0.1 mol dm 3 solution with a high ph and a high electrical conductivity? A. HCl B. NaCl C. NH 3 D. NaOH 5. The ph

More information

Ch 15: Acids and Bases

Ch 15: Acids and Bases Ch 15: Acids and Bases A c i d s a n d B a s e s C h 1 5 P a g e 1 Homework: Read Chapter 15 Work out sample/practice exercises in the sections, Bonus problems: 39, 41, 49, 63, 67, 83, 91, 95, 99, 107,

More information

UNIT (6) ACIDS AND BASES

UNIT (6) ACIDS AND BASES UNIT (6) ACIDS AND BASES 6.1 Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases Definitions for acids and bases were proposed by the Swedish chemist Savante Arrhenius in 1884. Acids were defined as compounds that

More information

2. Write a balanced chemical equation which corresponds to the following equilibrium constant expression. 1/2 3/ 2

2. Write a balanced chemical equation which corresponds to the following equilibrium constant expression. 1/2 3/ 2 Practice Problems for Chem. 1B Exam 1 F2011 These represent the concepts covered for exam 1. There may be some additional net ionic equations from chem. 1A. This is not the exact exam! Sections 16.1-16.3

More information

6.01 Basics of Chemical Equilibrium

6.01 Basics of Chemical Equilibrium 6.01 Basics of Equilibrium Constant Equilibrium and Thermodynamics Solubility Products Complex Formation Protic Acids and Bases Strength of Acids and Bases Solving Equilibrium Problems Recommended Problem

More information

Name: Per: Date: Unit 11 - Acids, Bases and Salts Chemistry Accelerated Chemistry I Define each of the following: 1. Acidic hydrogens.

Name: Per: Date: Unit 11 - Acids, Bases and Salts Chemistry Accelerated Chemistry I Define each of the following: 1. Acidic hydrogens. Name: Per: Date: Unit 11 - Acids, Bases and Salts Chemistry Accelerated Chemistry I Define each of the following: 1. Acidic hydrogens 2. Binary acids 3. Oxyacids 4. Carboxylic acid 5. Amines Name the following

More information

Lecture 6. Classes of Chemical Reactions

Lecture 6. Classes of Chemical Reactions Lecture 6 Classes of Chemical Reactions Lecture 6 Outline 6.1 The Role of Water as a Solvent 6.2 Precipitation Reactions 6.3 Acid-Base Reactions 1 Electron distribution in molecules of H 2 and H 2 O The

More information

Acids and Bases. Ch a pt e r Aqueous Equilibria: Chemistry 4th Edition McMurry/Fay. MOH(aq) M + (aq) + OH (aq)

Acids and Bases. Ch a pt e r Aqueous Equilibria: Chemistry 4th Edition McMurry/Fay. MOH(aq) M + (aq) + OH (aq) 15 Ch a pt e r Aqueous Equilibria: Acids and Bases Chemistry th Edition McMurry/Fay Dr. Paul Charlesworth Michigan Technological University AcidBase Concepts 01 Arrhenius Acid: A substance which dissociates

More information

Ch. 7 - Acids and Bases cont. Determining Acid Strength. Determining Acid Strength

Ch. 7 - Acids and Bases cont. Determining Acid Strength. Determining Acid Strength Ch. 7 - Acids and Bases cont. Last Week Arrhenius vs. Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs Water: Acid or Base ph and Related Simple Calculations Today Acid Strength More ph Calculations

More information

Chapter 9 Lecture Notes: Acids, Bases and Equilibrium

Chapter 9 Lecture Notes: Acids, Bases and Equilibrium Chapter 9 Lecture Notes: Acids, Bases and Equilibrium Educational Goals 1. Given a chemical equation, write the law of mass action. 2. Given the equilibrium constant (K eq ) for a reaction, predict whether

More information

CHAPTER 18 ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIA

CHAPTER 18 ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIA CHAPTER 18 ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIA 18.1 The Arrhenius definition classified substances as being acids or bases by their behavior in the solvent water. 18. All Arrhenius acids contain hydrogen and produce

More information

Arrhenius Theory of Acids

Arrhenius Theory of Acids Acids and Bases Chapter 17: 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17, 18, 43, 67a-d, 71 Chapter 18: 5-9, 26, 27a-e, 32 Arrhenius Theory of Acids an acid-base reaction involves the reaction of hydrogen ions and hydroxide

More information

Acids, Bases, Salts, and Buffers

Acids, Bases, Salts, and Buffers Acids, Bases, Salts, and Buffers GOAL AND OVERVIEW Hydrolysis of salts will be used to study the acid-base properties of dissolved ions in aqueous solutions. The approximate ph of these solutions will

More information

CHEM 12 Acids and Bases 3/22/2016

CHEM 12 Acids and Bases 3/22/2016 Acids and Bases Name: Expected background knowledge from acids and bases introductory reading: Definitions (Arrhenius, BL) of an acid and base Definitions of conjugate acid and base pairs Properties of

More information

3 The Preparation of Buffers at Desired ph

3 The Preparation of Buffers at Desired ph 3 The Preparation of Buffers at Desired ph Objectives: To become familiar with operating a ph meter, and to learn how to use the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation to make buffer solutions at a desired ph

More information

2) The equilibrium constant is given for two of the reactions below. Determine the value of the missing equilibrium constant. AB(g) + A(g) A2B(g) K c

2) The equilibrium constant is given for two of the reactions below. Determine the value of the missing equilibrium constant. AB(g) + A(g) A2B(g) K c 1) Which of the following statements is FALSE? A) When K >> 1, the forward reaction is favored and essentially goes to completion. B) When K

More information

CHEM 102: Sample Test 5

CHEM 102: Sample Test 5 CHEM 102: Sample Test 5 CHAPTER 17 1. When H 2 SO 4 is dissolved in water, which species would be found in the water at equilibrium in measurable amounts? a. H 2 SO 4 b. H 3 SO + 4 c. HSO 4 d. SO 2 4 e.

More information

Chapter 4 Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry

Chapter 4 Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry CHE Chapter Chapter Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry. The total concentration of ions in a 0.50 M solution of HCl is. (a)..000 M (b). 0.5 M (c). 0.500 M (d). 0.065 M Explanation: Since HCl

More information

Chem101: General Chemistry Lecture 9 Acids and Bases

Chem101: General Chemistry Lecture 9 Acids and Bases : General Chemistry Lecture 9 Acids and Bases I. Introduction A. In chemistry, and particularly biochemistry, water is the most common solvent 1. In studying acids and bases we are going to see that water

More information

Chapter 16. Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria

Chapter 16. Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria Chapter 16. Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria What we will learn: Homogeneous and heterogeneous solution equilibria Common ion effect Buffer solutions Acid-base titrations Acid-base indicators

More information

6 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

6 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions 6 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Water is by far the most common medium in which chemical reactions occur naturally. It is not hard to see this: 70% of our body mass is water and about 70% of the surface

More information

14-Jul-12 Chemsheets A

14-Jul-12 Chemsheets A www.chemsheets.co.uk 14-Jul-12 Chemsheets A2 009 1 BRONSTED-LOWRY ACIDS & BASES Bronsted-Lowry acid = proton donor (H + = proton) Bronsted-Lowry base = proton acceptor (H + = proton) Bronsted-Lowry acid-base

More information

Review of Basic Concepts, Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions and Beer s Law

Review of Basic Concepts, Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions and Beer s Law Review of Basic Concepts, Molarity, Solutions, Dilutions and Beer s Law Aqueous Solutions In Chemistry, many reactions take place in water. This is also true for Biological processes. Reactions that take

More information

4. Acid Base Chemistry

4. Acid Base Chemistry 4. Acid Base Chemistry 4.1. Terminology: 4.1.1. Bronsted / Lowry Acid: "An acid is a substance which can donate a hydrogen ion (H+) or a proton, while a base is a substance that accepts a proton. B + HA

More information

Strong Acids (Know These) Announcements & Agenda (02/23/07) Strengths of Acids/Bases - Ionization. Last Time: Last Time: nsted-lowry Acids & Bases

Strong Acids (Know These) Announcements & Agenda (02/23/07) Strengths of Acids/Bases - Ionization. Last Time: Last Time: nsted-lowry Acids & Bases Announcements & Agenda (0//07) You should be reading Ch 0 this weekend! Quiz Today! Open Review Sessions @ pm on Wed. Low attendance this week Last Time: Bronsted nsted-lowry Acids & Bases acids donate

More information

Required Reading Material.

Required Reading Material. JF Chemistry 1101 2014-2015 Introduction to Physical Chemistry: Acid Base and Solution Equilibria. Professor Mike Lyons School of Chemistry melyons@tcd.ie Required Reading Material. Kotz, Treichel and

More information

Types of reactions: Acid-base reactions

Types of reactions: Acid-base reactions OpenStax-CNX module: m39088 1 Types of reactions: Acid-base reactions Free High School Science Texts Project This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License

More information

Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria

Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria Acid-Base Equilibria and Solubility Equilibria Chapter 16 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 1 The common ion effect is the shift in equilibrium

More information

Types of Chemical. Types of Reactions. Chapter 8 Chemical Reactions. Reactions. Synthesis Reactions. Synthesis Reactions. Synthesis Reactions

Types of Chemical. Types of Reactions. Chapter 8 Chemical Reactions. Reactions. Synthesis Reactions. Synthesis Reactions. Synthesis Reactions Chapter 8 Chemical Reactions Types of Chemical Reactions Types of Reactions There are six types of chemical reactions that you will learn about in this lesson: 1. Synthesis reactions 2. Decomposition reactions

More information

We were able to use the RICE expression to determine the ph for the autodissociation of water H 2 O H + + OH - with [H + ] = K w 0.

We were able to use the RICE expression to determine the ph for the autodissociation of water H 2 O H + + OH - with [H + ] = K w 0. 1 Lecture 10: The Strong Acid/Strong Base Equilibrium Calculation After an entire lecture on water with nothing added, you must be pumped to know that in this lecture something will actually be added to

More information

Q.1 Classify the following according to Lewis theory and Brønsted-Lowry theory.

Q.1 Classify the following according to Lewis theory and Brønsted-Lowry theory. Acid-base A4 1 Acid-base theories ACIDS & BASES - IONIC EQUILIBRIA 1. LEWIS acid electron pair acceptor H, AlCl 3 base electron pair donor NH 3, H 2 O, C 2 H 5 OH, OH e.g. H 3 N: -> BF 3 > H 3 N BF 3 see

More information

Answer Key, Problem Set 5 (With explanations)--complete

Answer Key, Problem Set 5 (With explanations)--complete Chemistry 122 Mines, Spring 2016 Answer Key, Problem Set 5 (With explanations)complete 1. NT1; 2. NT2; 3. MP; 4. MP (15.38); 5. MP (15.40); 6. MP (15.42); 7. NT3; 8. NT4; 9. MP; 10. NT5; 11. NT6; 12. MP;

More information

Hydrolysis: - Reaction between a salt (ion or ions in a salt) and water to produce an acidic or basic solution.

Hydrolysis: - Reaction between a salt (ion or ions in a salt) and water to produce an acidic or basic solution. Hydrolysis: Reaction between a salt (ion or ions in a salt) and water to produce an acidic or basic solution. Net ionic equations for hydrolysis: An ion + water a molecule or ion + H 3 O + or OH SPECTATORS

More information

Table 1. give a slippery feel. produce a piercing pain in a wound. are colorless when placed in phenolphthalein (an indicator).

Table 1. give a slippery feel. produce a piercing pain in a wound. are colorless when placed in phenolphthalein (an indicator). Acid/Base Basics How does one define acids and bases? In chemistry, acids and bases have been defined differently by two sets of theories. One is the Arrhenius definition, which revolves around the idea

More information

Chemical Equations. Chemical Equations. Chemical reactions describe processes involving chemical change

Chemical Equations. Chemical Equations. Chemical reactions describe processes involving chemical change Chemical Reactions Chemical Equations Chemical reactions describe processes involving chemical change The chemical change involves rearranging matter Converting one or more pure substances into new pure

More information

Aqueous Ions and Reactions

Aqueous Ions and Reactions Aqueous Ions and Reactions (ions, acids, and bases) Demo NaCl(aq) + AgNO 3 (aq) AgCl (s) Two clear and colorless solutions turn to a cloudy white when mixed Demo Special Light bulb in water can test for

More information