Organizational and Institutional issues for Geospatial Implementation

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1 Brazilian Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management Organizational and Institutional issues for Geospatial Implementation Luiz Paulo Souto Fortes, PhD Directorate of Geosciences Taller Regional Sobre Cartografía Censal con Miras a la Ronda de Censos 2010 en Latinoamérica Santiago, Chile, de Noviembre, 2008

2 Introduction Spatial Data Infrastructure SDI SDI in other countries and in South America National Commission of Cartography (CONCAR) CONCAR Strategic Planning Mission and Vision of the Future CONCAR Actions Towards NSDI Construction Proposal of Presidential Decree IBGE Actions in Preparing Geospatial Data for NSDI Final remarks Status of Spatial Data Infrastructure Construction in Brazil... from institutional and policy points of view Contents

3 US Department of Labor: 2007 Survey The three 21 st century mega-technologies and most important emerging and evolving fields Biotechnology Geotechnology Nanotechnology Over 60% of all information used by the public sector around the world can be georreferenced Today's decision makers are aware of the importance of geospatial information strong demand how to supply them?

4 National Spatial Data Infrastructure - NSDI Technological advances redefinition of how to make cartography integrating data and information optimizing resources attending the demands!! Policies, laws, rules, standards, agreements, plans, programs, projects, human, technological and financial resources, appropriately integrated, to facilitate the production, access and use of governmental geospatial data, on behalf of the country's development.

5 NSDI Components NSDI POLICY - Institucional deals - Detecting duplication of production (GI) - Identifying roles, data production and possession (GI) - Elaborate fundamental data sharing programe (GI) DATA -Definition of similar fundamental and thematic data (IG) - Certifying and compatibilization - Integration and Divulgation STANDARDS -Metadata -Data exchange TECHNOLOGIC -Protocols and interfaces for comunication and search -Server networks -Service (Geo) LEGAL - Legal marks - Institutional mandate - Legal and authoral rights - Rules and legislation, costs and trade HUMAN RESOURCES -Capacitation -Leveling knowledge -Technical and managerial

6 Why NSDI? Access and data sharing, Interoperability, Local management, Portability. Build once, use many times Reference data Settlement Transportation Hidrography Boundaries Geodesic control Altimetry/elevation Imaging Thematic data Security Demography Flooding areas Logistic Economy Pedology Natural resources Environment

7 Geospatial information layers Geodesy Cartography Natural Research Territorial Boundaries Geography Statistics

8 SDI Portugal

9 SDI Spain

10 SDI Europe

11 SDI Canada

12 SDI Colombia

13 SDI Argentina

14 National Commission of Cartography - CONCAR Subordinated to the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management Established in 1967! Attributions (update by the Decree of August 01, 2008) Support the Minister on the supervision of the National Cartographic System Coordinate the execution of the National Cartographic Policy

15 CONCAR Strategic Planning (2005) Mission To coordinate and to guide the establishment and the implementation of the National Cartographic Policy and the maintenance of the National Cartographic System, aiming to organize the acquisition, production and distribution of geospatial information for the Brazilian society Vision of the Future CONCAR being acknowledged by the Brazilian society and capable of providing a National Cartographic System of excellence and able to deliver an updated and integrated National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)

16 CONCAR SPECIALIZED COMMITTEES EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT SUBCOMISSION OF LAWS AND STANDARDS - SLN SUBCOMISSION OF PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION FOLLOW- UP - SPA SUBCOMISSION OF PUBLICITY - SDI SUBCOMISSION OF NATIONAL DEFENSE AFFAIRS - SDN SUBCOMISSION OF SPATIAL DATA - SDE CONCAR President Secretary of Planning and Investments of the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management - SPI Executive Secretariat Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE

17 CONCAR Actions towards NSDI Construction 1/2 Actions restarted on October 2003 Approval of the change in legislation that allowed the official adoption of the new SIRGAS2000 Geodetic Reference Frame on February 25, 2005 (based on Presidential Decree nr of Jan 2005) SIRGAS is a continental geocentric, modern, precise reference frame, compatible with the GNSS systems Development of studies towards the standardization of cadastral mapping, of geospatial metadata and of structuring the National Cartographic Database (NCD/MND) Approval of the first (2005) and second (2007) versions of technical specification for structuring geospatial vector data of NCD/MND

18 CONCAR Actions towards NSDI Construction 2/2 Proposition of a Presidential Decree on the establishment of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) of Brazil, obligating Federal agencies to share their geospatial data and metadata Change of CONCAR membership (representatives from state governments, ministries and others). August 1sτ 2008 Decree.

19 Proposal of Presidential Decree (1/2) To establish NSDI in Brazil To establish the Geographic Information System of Brazil SIG Brasil as the main node for acessing data, its metadata and related services. IBGE is responsible for planning, managing and operating SIG Brasil To ensure the compatibility with standards and specifications approved by CONCAR To ensure the accordance with the Interoperability Standards of the Electronic Government (e-ping) To promote the sharing, distribution and use of geospatial data To avoid duplication of actions and the waste of resources by public administration organizations when obtaining geospatial data

20 Proposal of Presidential Decree (2/2) In 180 days after the Decree is published, an Action Plan for implementing NSDI has to be prepared by CONCAR, including: Deadline for implementing the physical and logical structures of the Brazilian Directory of Geospatial Data and of SIG Brazil Deadline for CONCAR s approval of standards and specifications of the geospatial metadata (LAMP being considered) Deadline for agencies and organizations of the Federal Administration to make their geospatial metadata, stored on a server under their responsibility, available to CONCAR Deadline for starting the release of geospatial metadata and related services by SIG Brasil Rules for releasing metadata of new projects Financial resources needed for establishing NSDI

21 IBGE actions for building NSDI IBGE is preparing the geospatial data to contribute to NSDI Update and converting to NCD of continuous digital 1:1,000,000 and 1:250,000 scales geospatial data being contracted for the entire country (up to 18 months work) Update and conversion to NCD of larger scale maps (1:100,000, 1:50,000, 1:25,000), when appropriate At the same time, compose a catalogue of satellite imagery with resolution between 2.5 and 100 m of the entire country IBGE exclusively distributes ALOS satellite images for noncommercial users in Brazil Note: Note: The The census census maps maps that that will will be be prepared to to the the Census 2010, 2010, with with intensive use use of of satellite imagery, will will be be a rich rich collection for for the the construction of of SDI SDI

22 2007 Census Use of PDA Quality control at the time of survey Real time monitoring of the collecting data in all municipalities Georreferencing of rural establishments (farms, schools, health centers, etc.), as PDA is equipped by GPS Over 70,000 maps of census enumeration areas converted to SIRGAS2000 In 2010 there will be over 280,000 census enumeration areas

23 ALOS Images

24 ALOS Images

25 ALOS Images

26 ALOS - Advanced Land Observing Satellite Star Tracker Data transmission antenna PALSAR 8,9m GPS Antena Launched 24/Jan/ :33 a.m.(jst) Lifetime 3 (nominal) to 10 years PRISM AVNIR-2 22m Solar Array Flight direction Earth PALSAR: Phased Array Type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (10 to 100 m) PRISM: Panchromatic Remote Sensing Instruments for Stereo Mapping (2.5 m) AVNIR-2: Advanced Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer Type 2 (10 m)

27 NSDI Committee on the National Cartographic Database (NCD) Structure Policies... Geoportal NCD Specifications Metadata Data Technical Specifications for the vector geospatial data structure v2.0 (ET-EDGV v2.0) CONCAR Resolution 001/2007

28 Final Remarks Integrating statistical data into NSDI opens new horizons, based on the possibility of correlating this data with all other data layers, like the ones related to natural resources and the environment The new web based technologies allow NSOs to produce Census Mapping in a full digital way, integrating maps, enumeration areas boundaries graphic and text files, and addresses file The current availability of low cost high resolution orbital and aerial imagery can help updating the Census Maps The NSOs efforts need to comply with NSDI, which is achievable by following the SDI National Authority Standards many of which should adhere to the Open Geospatial Consortium standards; by doing this, all geospatial information generated in Census Mapping can be made available through the NSDI

29 Our Mission: To portrait Brazil with information necessary to the knowledge of its reality and the exercise of citizenship. Luiz Paulo Souto Fortes Directorate of Geosciences

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