Personality: Lecture 9. The existentialist/phenomenological perspective: Towards a focus on personal narrative and well-being

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Personality: Lecture 9. The existentialist/phenomenological perspective: Towards a focus on personal narrative and well-being"

Transcription

1 Personality: Lecture 9 The existentialist/phenomenological perspective: Towards a focus on personal narrative and well-being

2 Overview This lecture aims to supplement the relevant text readings by: 1. Reviewing the key tenets of the existential approach to personality. 2. Reviewing the key aspects of Deci and Ryan s selfdetermination theory. 3. The relevance of the existential approach and the phenomenological approach to contemporary research and practice.

3 The existentialist approach Existentialism first began in philosophy When existentialism appeared in psychology and psychiatry, the main European representatives were Binswanger and Laing, while the main American representative was May. Umwelt The world of natural law and biological determinism.» The second mode of world is: Mitwelt The world of interrelationships with human beings.» The third mode of world is: Eigenwelt The own world, i.e., the mode of relationship to one s self.

4 Dasein Composed of sein (being) and da (there) Indicates that man is the being who is there and implies also that he has a there in the sense that he can know he is there and can take a stand with reference to that fact. Man (or Dasein) is the particular being who has to be aware of himself, be responsible for himself, if he is to become himself. (May 1958, p. 42)

5 The condition of the individual when confronted with the issue of fulfilling his potentialities is anxiety. (May 1958, p. 52) when the person denies these potentialities, fails to fulfill them, his condition is guilt If we forget being by failing to bring ourselves to our entire being, by failing to be authentic, by slipping into the conformist anonymity of das Man then we have in fact missed our being and to that extent are failures. If you lock up potentialities, you are guilty against (or indebted to, as the German word may be translated) what is given you in your origin, in your core. (May 1958, pp )

6 The phenomenological approach Deci and Ryan s self-determination theory Self-determination theory (SDT) is unabashedly a psychological approach to human behavior, which means that it typically considers people s experience to be the proximal determinant of action. In other words, the theory focuses on the way people interpret internal or external stimulus inputs (Ryan and Deci 2008, p. 655) At the same time that SDT is a theory of personal experience, it is also a theory of human nature, for it maintains that understanding subjective experience requires that one specify the nature of the self. (Ryan and Deci 2008, p. 655)

7 The nascent self Genetically inherited individual difference variables, e.g., innate abilities, preferences, and temperament. Basic (non-derived) psychological needs The need for competence (i.e., the need to feel effective) The need for self-determination (i.e., the need to experience an internal perceived locus of causality) The need for relatedness (i.e., the need to experience a satisfying and coherent involvement with others) Organismic integration process the process by which the self develops by integrating new experiences and regulatory processes with the intrinsic self. the fundamental developmental principle, and it is akin to what has been referred to variously as the actualizing tendency (Deci 1998, p. 151)

8 Socialisation and the regulation of behaviour Non-regulation Associated type of motivation: Amotivation A more classic instance of amotivation is the type of passivity or disorganized action that results from the experience of not being able to achieve a desired outcome, whether because of one s own incompetence in that domain or because of some barrier such as a rigid, arbitrary authority who dispenses outcomes in an unpredictable way. In spite of wanting an outcome, one will not act in a predictable, goal-oriented fashion because of the experienced inability to attain it. There may be action, but it is likely to be disorganized and accompanied by the feelings of frustration, fear, or depression. (Deci and Ryan 1991, p. 252) Associated personality orientation: The impersonal orientation the impersonal orientation means that the person has never learned to manage the forces of drives and emotions; he or she has not developed structures for managing these forces Often people become immobile, perhaps unintentionally appearing passiveaggressive Often, amotivated behavior will be driven by nonconscious forces, so people may engage in addictive behaviors and feel helpless with relation to them. (Deci and Ryan 1985, pp )

9 External regulation Behaviour is undertaken to obtain a reward or to avoid a punishment. Introjected regulation Behaviour is undertaken to avoid guilt and anxiety, or to appease an ego ideal. Associated type of motivation: Extrinsic motivation (controlled) Associated personality orientation: The controlled orientation The controlled orientation reflects the degree to which people look for cues and controls in the environment or in their own introjects and let those regulate and determine their behavior. Thus, this orientation concerns people s behavior being directed by demands, rewards, threats, and self-esteem contingencies. (Ryan and Deci 2008, p. 665)

10 Identified regulation The relevant social regulation has been fully internalized such that the person identifies with the personal importance of the behaviour. Integrated regulation Identified regulations are brought into congruence i.e., are integrated with other aspects of the self (i.e., other values, goals, and needs). Associated type of motivation: Extrinsic motivation (autonomous) Associated personality orientation: The autonomy orientation The autonomy orientation indexes the degree to which people tend to interpret the social context as autonomy supportive and informational; tend to be aware of their own inner needs, interests, and values and use them as guides for their behavior, all of which conduce toward autonomous self-regulation. (Ryan and Deci 2008, p. 665) Intrinsic regulation Behaviour is undertaken out of intrinsic interest. Associated type of motivation: Intrinsic motivation. Associated personality orientation: The autonomy orientation.

11 Autonomy supportive versus controlling Concerns the extent to which a social context provides choice, minimises pressure to perform in specified ways, and encourages initiation. Competence supporting versus incompetence promoting (or signifying) Concerns the extent to which behaviour-outcome contingencies are understandable, expectations are clear, and feedback is provided. Relationally supportive versus neglecting (or rejecting) Concerns the degree to which significant others are interested in and devote time and energy to a relationship.

12 Conclusion The personal narrative approach to personality The study of the expression, development, function, and meaning of the stories people tell about their lives. The study of stories people tell about their lives is no longer a promising new direction for the future of personality psychology. Instead, personal narratives and the life story have arrived. (McAdams 2008, p. 242)

13 The kind of cure that consists of adjustment, becoming able to fit the culture, can be obtained by technical emphases in therapy, for it is precisely the central theme of the culture that one live in a calculated, controlled, technically well-managed way. Then the patient accepts a confined world without conflict, for now his world is identical with the culture. And since anxiety comes only with freedom, the patient naturally gets over his anxiety; he is relieved from his symptoms because he surrenders the possibilities which caused his anxiety. This is the way of being "cured" by giving up being, giving up existence, by constricting, hedging in existence. In this respect, psychotherapists become the agents of the culture whose particular task it is to adjust people to it (May 1958, pp )

14 How does Deci and Ryan s account of socialisation and the regulation of behaviour compare to Freud s? External regulation and introjected regulation? The part which is later taken on by the super-ego is played to begin with by an external power, by parental authority. Parental influence governs the child by offering proofs of love and by threatening punishments which are signs to the child of loss of love and are bound to be feared on their own account It is only subsequently that the secondary situation develops where the external restraint is internalized and the super-ego takes the place of the parental agency and observes, directs, and threatens the ego in exactly the same way as earlier the parents did with the child. (Freud 1933, p. 62)

15 Identified regulation and integrated regulation? Deci and Ryan maintain that unconscious processes as well as drives and emotions originate from outside the self. In self-determination theory, the self and its innate psychological needs ultimately serve as a smokescreen for the incoherent concept of free will.

16 References Deci, E. L. (1998). The relation of interest to motivation and human needs - The selfdetermination theory viewpoint. In L. Hoffmann, A. Krapp, K. A. Renninger, and J. Baumert (Eds.) Interest and Learning: Proceedings of the Seeon Conference on Interest and Gender. (pp ). Kiel: IPN. Deci, E. L. and Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum. Deci, E. L. and Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.) Nebraska Symposium on Motivation 1990: Perspectives on Motivation. (pp ). University of Nebraska Press. Diamond, S. A. (2007). Anger, madness, and the daimonic: The psychological genesis of violence, evil, and creativity. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press. Freud, S. (1933). New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis. Standard Edition, vol. XXII. London: Hogarth. May, R. (1958). Contributions of existential psychotherapy. In R. May, E. Angel, and H. F. Ellenberger (Eds.) Existence: A New Dimension in Psychiatry and Psychology. New York: Basic Books. pp McAdams, D. P. (2008). Personal narratives and the life story. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins, and L. A. Pervin (Eds.) Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. pp New York: The Guilford Press. Ryan, R. M. and Deci, E. L. (2008). Self-determination theory and the role of basic psychological needs in personality and the organization of behavior. In O. P. John, R. W. Robins, and L. A. Pervin (Eds.) Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. pp New York: The Guilford Press.

Pedagogy and Motivation in Introductory Accounting Courses

Pedagogy and Motivation in Introductory Accounting Courses Pedagogy and Motivation in Introductory Accounting Courses Abstract: Motivation is an integral part of the learning process.most studies in accounting that examine the effect of motivation in student learning

More information

Motivation. Motivation as defined by Sage is the direction and intensity of one s effort.

Motivation. Motivation as defined by Sage is the direction and intensity of one s effort. Motivation In Sport Motivation Motivation as defined by Sage is the direction and intensity of one s effort. Pitfalls and Dangers of Motivating? Adopting specific motivational strategies for all situations

More information

Terror Management vs. Meaning Management. Paul T. P. Wong

Terror Management vs. Meaning Management. Paul T. P. Wong Terror Management vs. Meaning Management Paul T. P. Wong Overview Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Stage Theory of Grief Ernest Becker s Denial of Death Terror Management Theory (TMT) Challenges of TMT Wong s Meaning-Management

More information

A short piece on my perspectives on psychotherapeutic theory and practice, Aaron Balick, PhD

A short piece on my perspectives on psychotherapeutic theory and practice, Aaron Balick, PhD A short piece on my perspectives on psychotherapeutic theory and practice, Aaron Balick, PhD Without the appropriate theory, one cannot develop the practice that is necessary to treat people seeking psychotherapeutic

More information

Gamification in Business: Designing Motivating Solutions to Problem Situations

Gamification in Business: Designing Motivating Solutions to Problem Situations Gamification in Business: Designing Motivating Solutions to Problem Situations Deborah Gears Rochester Institute of Technology Golisano College of Computing and Information Sciences Rochester, NY 14623

More information

Focus on the Self: Humanistic (Third-Force) Psychology

Focus on the Self: Humanistic (Third-Force) Psychology I. INTRODUCTION A. Paradigms in Psychology Focus on the Self: Humanistic (Third-Force) Psychology 1 The purpose of the next two weeks of lectures is to explore four major paradigms of psychology Humanism:

More information

Running head: APPROACHES TO HEALTH BEHAVIOR CHANGE 1

Running head: APPROACHES TO HEALTH BEHAVIOR CHANGE 1 Running head: APPROACHES TO HEALTH BEHAVIOR CHANGE 1 Approaches to Health Behavior Change: An Analysis of Social Cognitive Theory and Operant Conditioning Alana Kimmerly Oswego State University APPROACHES

More information

Personality Theories. Chapter 11

Personality Theories. Chapter 11 Personality Theories Chapter 11 Personality Concept of personality Most clearly embodies the notion of behavioral consistency Personality factors clusters of behavior tendencies that occur together Psychoanalytic

More information

Dr. C. George Boeree

Dr. C. George Boeree MEDARD BOSS [ 1903 1990 ] Dr. C. George Boeree Psychology Department Shippensburg University Original E-Text-Site: [ http://www.ship.edu/%7ecgboeree/perscontents.html ] 1 5 Index Index 2 Introduction 3

More information

Rehab and Beyond: Self- Determination to Continue

Rehab and Beyond: Self- Determination to Continue Rehab and Beyond: Self- Determination to Continue Change does not happen overnight, but how do we keep clients coming back long enough to experience the benefits from exercise? Most people begin an exercise

More information

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions Contemporary Educational Psychology 25, 54 67 (2000) doi:10.1006/ceps.1999.1020, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions

More information

Psychology 305A: Lecture 5. Freud Part 2

Psychology 305A: Lecture 5. Freud Part 2 Psychology 305A: Lecture 5 Freud Part 2 1 Freudian Theory of Personality 2 Psychoanalytic Theory: Basic Assumptions 1. Psychological Determinism Life/sex instinct Death/aggression instinct 2. Importance

More information

Ready 4 Change. A Group Therapy Programme based on Motivational Interviewing Principles

Ready 4 Change. A Group Therapy Programme based on Motivational Interviewing Principles Ready 4 Change A Group Therapy Programme based on Motivational Interviewing Principles Ready 4 Change Programme Promote treatment readiness Enhance motivation to engage in treatment Enhance motivation

More information

174 Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

174 Copyright 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. CHAPTER 11 SELF-ACTUALIZATION AND SELF-DETERMINATION CHAPTER OUTLINE Self-Actualization The Need for Positive Regard Contingent Self-Worth Self-Determination Introjection and Identification Need for Relatedness

More information

Importance of Theories in Counselling

Importance of Theories in Counselling Counselling Process and Theories: Psychoanalytical, Adlerian, and Humanistic Theories of Counselling October 30, 2007 Importance of Theories in Counselling All counselling approaches are based on some

More information

STUDY FOCUS 2. S. Wheeler Challenging the Core Theoretical Model: a reply to Colin Feltham, Counselling May 1998, vol. 9 No. 2 pp

STUDY FOCUS 2. S. Wheeler Challenging the Core Theoretical Model: a reply to Colin Feltham, Counselling May 1998, vol. 9 No. 2 pp STUDY FOCUS 2 Theoretical integration Developing the skills of integrating theory and practice within a core theoretical model is challenging and demanding. Candidates need a great deal of help in making

More information

Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego, and Superego By CommonLit Staff 2015

Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego, and Superego By CommonLit Staff 2015 Name: Class: Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego, and Superego By CommonLit Staff 2015 Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is the most well-known psychologist that ever lived. Freud was born to Jewish parents in Austria

More information

Creativity and experience of a creative task: Person and environment effects

Creativity and experience of a creative task: Person and environment effects Journal of Research in Personality xxx (2007) xxx xxx www.elsevier.com/locate/jrp Brief report Creativity and experience of a creative task: Person and environment effects Lauren King, Suzanne T. Gurland

More information

13 Freud believed that

13 Freud believed that Personality Overview Psychodynamic influences Genetic influences Environmental influences Cultural influences The Inner Experience Defining personality and traits Personality Distinctive and relatively

More information

Exploring Positive Organisational Development in an Educational Organisation

Exploring Positive Organisational Development in an Educational Organisation University of Wollongong Research Online SBS HDR Student Conference 2011 Sep 30th, 1:45 PM - 3:00 PM Exploring Positive Organisational Development in an Educational Organisation Aylin Dulagil University

More information

Structure of Personality. Structure of Personality. Overview. Psychology 460 Counseling & Interviewing. II. Key Concepts. I.

Structure of Personality. Structure of Personality. Overview. Psychology 460 Counseling & Interviewing. II. Key Concepts. I. Psychology 460 Counseling & Interviewing Sheila. K. Grant, Ph.D. Overview I. Introduction II. Key Concepts III. Development of Personality IV. Therapeutic Process V. Therapeutic Techniques & I. Introduction

More information

Sports Motivation: Three Generations of College Athletes

Sports Motivation: Three Generations of College Athletes Sports Motivation: Three Generations of College Athletes Tyler Tapps, PhD Oklahoma State University Steve Beck, MS Oklahoma State University Dongwook Cho, MS Oklahoma State University Jennifer Volberding,

More information

Person-centred Therapy

Person-centred Therapy Person-centred Therapy A GUIDE TO COUNSELLING THERAPIES (DVD) Published by: J & S Garrett Pty Ltd ACN 068 751 440 All Case Histories in this text are presented as examples only and any comparison which

More information

The Schema Therapy model

The Schema Therapy model The Schema Therapy model Presented by Dr Christopher Lee Chris.Lee@murdoch.edu.au Schema Modes Moment to moment emotional states that reflect the current clusters of cognitions, emotions and behaviour

More information

Psychological Models of Abnormality

Psychological Models of Abnormality Several Different Models Psychological Models of Abnormality Psychoanalytic Models Learning Models Cognitive Models Psychology 311 Abnormal Psychology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides

More information

Freud and Personality

Freud and Personality Psychology Psychoanalysis 01 Notes Freud and Personality The psychoanalytical perspective in psychology examines personality traits and disorders in terms of sexual and/or aggressive drives or unfilled

More information

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE PSYC 308 PERSONALITY & INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE PSYC 308 PERSONALITY & INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE PSYC 308 PERSONALITY & INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Prepared By: Desireé LeBoeuf-Davis, PhD SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND LIBERAL ARTS

More information

Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) does not talk about psychosexual Stages, he discusses psychosocial stages.

Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) does not talk about psychosexual Stages, he discusses psychosocial stages. Psychodynamic Psyche Psychosexual Stages Unconscious Mind Home Developmental Psychology Erik Erikson Erik Erikson by Saul McLeod published 2008, updated 2013 Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) does not talk about

More information

Case Formulation in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. What is Case Formulation? Rationale 12/2/2009

Case Formulation in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. What is Case Formulation? Rationale 12/2/2009 Case Formulation in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy What is Case Formulation? A set of hypotheses regarding what variables serve as causes, triggers, or maintaining factors for a person s problems Description

More information

SELF THEORY HARRY ALBERT VAN BELLE

SELF THEORY HARRY ALBERT VAN BELLE SELF THEORY HARRY ALBERT VAN BELLE Carl Rogers developed his self theory well after he had formulated his person-centered therapy. His view of personality grew out of his view of therapy, and the former

More information

Validation of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation Inventory: A Measure of Students Motivation in College Courses

Validation of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation Inventory: A Measure of Students Motivation in College Courses Validation of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation Inventory: A Measure of Students Motivation in College Courses Brett D. Jones & Gary Skaggs Virginia Tech Research presented at the International Conference

More information

Objectives of Occupational Therapy in Mental Health

Objectives of Occupational Therapy in Mental Health Objectives of Occupational Therapy in Mental Health I) To help establish an atmosphere conductive to recovery (containing minimal anxiety & maximum support) by utilizing individual & group activity program.

More information

Positive Psychology in Education: The joy of learning as a precondition for educational performance

Positive Psychology in Education: The joy of learning as a precondition for educational performance Positive Psychology in Education: The joy of learning as a precondition for educational performance Congrès Francophone De Psychologie Positive Metz 22 Novembre 2013 Hans Henrik Knoop Department of Education,

More information

Treatment of Psychological Disorders

Treatment of Psychological Disorders Treatment of Psychological Disorders Psychodynamic Therapies Psychodynamic therapies revolve around: 1. Insight Understanding one s own psychological processes Symptom comes from Maladaptive ways of viewing

More information

How Psychotherapy Works: The Concepts of Control-Mastery Theory

How Psychotherapy Works: The Concepts of Control-Mastery Theory How Psychotherapy Works: The Concepts of Control-Mastery Theory Alan Rappoport, Ph.D. I am pleased to present Control-Mastery theory to you, the members of the Academy of Clinical Psychology. The use of

More information

Aspirations Index. Scale Description

Aspirations Index. Scale Description Aspirations Index Scale Description Aspirations refer to people s life goals, and SDT research on aspirations has focused on the relative strength of intrinsic aspirations (viz., meaningful relationships,

More information

EGO IDEAL IN THE SOME CONSIDERATIONS : REGARDING THE : GRETE L. BIBRINC, M.D. PSYCHOANALYTIC PROCESS :

EGO IDEAL IN THE SOME CONSIDERATIONS : REGARDING THE : GRETE L. BIBRINC, M.D. PSYCHOANALYTIC PROCESS : SOME CONSIDERATIONS : REGARDING THE : GRETE L. BIBRINC, M.D. EGO IDEAL IN THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PROCESS : F OR MANY YEARS the ego ideal had played a role of minor importance in our considerations as compared

More information

Erik Erikson s 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development

Erik Erikson s 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development Erik Erikson s 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development Each stage presents a task which Erikson believes must be completed for a positive outcome. The resolution of one task lays the foundation for growth

More information

TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS

TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS Developed by Eric Berne during the 1950 s, Transactional Analysis (TA) is a simple method of describing our experiences of life in a way that makes both sense and brings a smile

More information

Transference Module Psychiatric Training

Transference Module Psychiatric Training Transference Module Psychiatric Training Iram Shah Highly Specialist Psychotherapist Forensic Psychology Roseberry Park and HMP Low Newton Trauma Service Freud's concept of transference was not the discovery

More information

Contemporary Theories

Contemporary Theories Chapter 2: Contemporary Theories of Abnormality Learning Objectives Distinguish among biological, psychological, and social approaches to abnormality. Discuss how each approach leads to different conceptions

More information

Definition of Theory

Definition of Theory Definition of Theory A theory is an interrelated, coherent set of ideas that helps to explain and to make predictions. The Historical Perspective Original Sin - children were perceived as being basically

More information

Relationship Intervention with Traumatized Infants, Young Children, and their Caregivers

Relationship Intervention with Traumatized Infants, Young Children, and their Caregivers Relationship Intervention with Traumatized Infants, Young Children, and their Caregivers Julie A. Larrieu, Ph.D. Institute of Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Tulane University School of Medicine

More information

Syllabus PT 155 Dream, Fantasy and Symbolic Communications R. Rothman Spring 2015

Syllabus PT 155 Dream, Fantasy and Symbolic Communications R. Rothman Spring 2015 Syllabus PT 155 Dream, Fantasy and Symbolic Communications R. Rothman Spring 2015 Thu. 3:30-5:30 CMPS: 30 Clock Hours NYGSP: 2 Credits Course Description This course acquaints students with the wish fulfillment

More information

Reconsidering Autotelic Play. Common Assumptions about Playing of Sports or Games

Reconsidering Autotelic Play. Common Assumptions about Playing of Sports or Games Reconsidering Autotelic Play 1 Common Assumptions about Playing of Sports or Games Assumptions: Playing for the love of a sport is more valuable than playing to earn millions Playing to master a skill

More information

Chapter 10 Personality Name Period Date. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Chapter 10 Personality Name Period Date. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 10 Personality Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The BEST kind of personality test is one that is. A) both

More information

What Is Art Therapy?

What Is Art Therapy? MALCHIODI, Cathy, (1998) The art therapy sourcebook, Los Angeles, Lowell House. pp. 1-6. What Is Art Therapy? Art can be said to be and can be used as the externalized map of our interior self. Peter London,

More information

THE ABSENT MOTHER. The Psychological and Emotional Consequences of Childhood Abandonment and Neglect. Dr. Judith Arndell Clinical Psychologist

THE ABSENT MOTHER. The Psychological and Emotional Consequences of Childhood Abandonment and Neglect. Dr. Judith Arndell Clinical Psychologist THE ABSENT MOTHER. The Psychological and Emotional Consequences of Childhood Abandonment and Neglect Dr. Judith Arndell Clinical Psychologist The Psychological Parent The object of the child s deepest

More information

THEORIES OF WELLBEING

THEORIES OF WELLBEING THEORIES OF WELLBEING Ian Gough Social Policy Association conference 29 June 2005 Wellbeing and Social Policy The emergence of wellbeing in academic research as well as Colour Supplements Treasury workshop,

More information

Positive psychology in practice

Positive psychology in practice http://www.health.harvard.edu/newsweek/positive-psychology-in-practice.htm Positive psychology in practice (This article was first printed in the May 2008 issue of the Harvard Mental Health Letter.) Positive

More information

Workbook 4. Personality and development theories

Workbook 4. Personality and development theories Workbook 4 Personality and development theories Nature nurture theory How much is one s personality and human development is influenced by what we are born with (nature) and what we learn from our environment

More information

Chapter 12: Personality: Theory, Research, and Assessment

Chapter 12: Personality: Theory, Research, and Assessment Chapter 12: Personality: Theory, Research, and Assessment Personality: There is no man, who is not, at each moment, what he has been and what he will be - Oscar Wilde Overview of personality Much of psychology

More information

Drive By Daniel H. Pink

Drive By Daniel H. Pink By Daniel H. Pink Summary: The use of rewards and punishments to control our employees production is an antiquated way of managing people. To maximize their enjoyment and productivity for 21 st century

More information

Please bear in mind the following when finalising your choices: You must have an even balance of Autumn and Spring Term modules.

Please bear in mind the following when finalising your choices: You must have an even balance of Autumn and Spring Term modules. FINAL YEAR MODULE OPTIONS FOR 2015/2016 Dear Students FINAL YEAR MODULE OPTIONS 2015-16 Now that you have had the briefing session, here are the guidelines to assist you with choosing your final year modules.

More information

Supporting students' motivation in college online courses

Supporting students' motivation in college online courses University of Iowa Iowa Research Online Theses and Dissertations 2013 Supporting students' motivation in college online courses Jae-eun Lee Russell University of Iowa Copyright 2013 Jae-eun Russell This

More information

RAK Medical and Health Sciences University. RAK College of Nursing RN-BSN Bridge Program Ethical Issues in Mental Health Nursing

RAK Medical and Health Sciences University. RAK College of Nursing RN-BSN Bridge Program Ethical Issues in Mental Health Nursing RAK Medical and Health Sciences University RAK College of Nursing RN-BSN Bridge Program Ethical Issues in Mental Health Nursing Mrs.Vimala Edwin MSc N,PGDHM Lecturer RAK College of Nursing Learning objectives

More information

The nurse can expect to use mental health nursing principles in a variety of health care settings.

The nurse can expect to use mental health nursing principles in a variety of health care settings. Basic Concepts of Mental Health The nurse can expect to use mental health nursing principles in a variety of health care settings. Basic mental health concepts are useful in understanding a patient s behavioral

More information

Chapter 13 online insight and behavior therapies pgs 424-433 Name Period Date

Chapter 13 online insight and behavior therapies pgs 424-433 Name Period Date Chapter 13 online insight and behavior therapies pgs 424-433 Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The major goal of

More information

Humanistic-Existential Theory: A Group Theory Paper Wanda M. Woodward, MS. What is psychotherapy and its goal? For a humanistic psychotherapist,

Humanistic-Existential Theory: A Group Theory Paper Wanda M. Woodward, MS. What is psychotherapy and its goal? For a humanistic psychotherapist, Humanistic-Existential Theory 1 Humanistic-Existential Theory: A Group Theory Paper Wanda M. Woodward, MS What is psychotherapy and its goal? For a humanistic psychotherapist, psychotherapy is a qualitative,

More information

Drug-Addicted behaviors under Psychodynamic-Perspective

Drug-Addicted behaviors under Psychodynamic-Perspective Drug-Addicted behaviors under Psychodynamic-Perspective Mr.Phaitoon Sangpoom Office of the Royal Development Projects Board Introduction Understanding and studying about factors that influence a person

More information

Chapter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dissenters and Descendants. Dissenters and Descendants. Dissenters and Descendants. apter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dissenters and

Chapter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dissenters and Descendants. Dissenters and Descendants. Dissenters and Descendants. apter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dissenters and Chapter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dr. Rick Grieve PSY 495 Western Kentucky University 1 Psychoanalysis after the founding Like Wundt, Freud did not enjoy a long monopoly on his new system of psychotherapy 20

More information

INDIVIDUAL CHANGE Learning and the process of change in what ways can models of

INDIVIDUAL CHANGE Learning and the process of change in what ways can models of INDIVIDUAL CHANGE Learning and the process of change in what ways can models of learning help us understand individual change? The behavioural approach to change how can we change people s behaviour? The

More information

Major Psychological Perspectives

Major Psychological Perspectives Major Psychological s Major theorists and their theories Laws, Principles, Concepts Methods, & Techniques Strengths, Criticisms and Weaknesses Psychodynamic 1900 1920s Sigmund Freud 1856-1939 Theory of

More information

PhD. IN (Psychological and Educational Counseling)

PhD. IN (Psychological and Educational Counseling) PhD. IN (Psychological and Educational Counseling) I. GENERAL RULES CONDITIONS: Plan Number 2012 1. This plan conforms to the regulations of the general frame of the programs of graduate studies. 2. Areas

More information

Leadership theories in health care. Dr. Guy Lubitsh Ashridge Business School RCPsych Conference Edinburgh Congress

Leadership theories in health care. Dr. Guy Lubitsh Ashridge Business School RCPsych Conference Edinburgh Congress Leadership theories in health care Dr. Guy Lubitsh Ashridge Business School RCPsych Conference Edinburgh Congress Aims Evolution of classical leadership theories Implications for health care leaders Conclusions

More information

Psychotherapy with Mentally Challenged Children and Adolescents

Psychotherapy with Mentally Challenged Children and Adolescents The Inferiority of the Seemingly Superior Robin Mindell 2007, Robin Mindell & The M.-L. von Franz Institute for Studies in Synchronicity, Zurich Organization and Philosophy 1984: Research Project Children

More information

Chapter 5. Socialization

Chapter 5. Socialization Chapter 5 Socialization I. Social Experience: The Key to Our Humanity. A. Socialization is the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture. B. Social

More information

Child Abuse Services. Through the Eyes of a Child AGENDA. Domestic Violence and Children. Effects on Children. Lori Watson-Roe MSW RSW

Child Abuse Services. Through the Eyes of a Child AGENDA. Domestic Violence and Children. Effects on Children. Lori Watson-Roe MSW RSW Through the Eyes of a Child Child Development Centre Did I do something wrong, to make you lose control? Anger so strong, or do you even know? That when you come home, I want to run and hide The pain is

More information

Chapter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dissenters and Descendants. Dr. Rick Grieve PSY 495 Western Kentucky University

Chapter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dissenters and Descendants. Dr. Rick Grieve PSY 495 Western Kentucky University Chapter 14 Psychoanalysis: Dissenters and Descendants Dr. Rick Grieve PSY 495 Western Kentucky University 1 Psychoanalysis after the founding Like Wundt, Freud did not enjoy a long monopoly on his new

More information

Adlerian Psychotherapy. Prioritizing relationships

Adlerian Psychotherapy. Prioritizing relationships Adlerian Psychotherapy Prioritizing relationships Adlerian Theory History of Adlerian Theory Inspired by Freudian psychoanalysis. Founded by Alfred Adler, championed in America by Rudolf Dreikurs. Dissemination

More information

Neo Freudians. Jung, Adler, Horney, and Erikson

Neo Freudians. Jung, Adler, Horney, and Erikson Neo Freudians Neo Freudians New Freudians Jung, Adler, Horney, and Erikson Not entirely sold on Freud s theories Kept concepts such as the id, ego, and superego; as well as the defense mechanisms Focused

More information

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Deborah L. Cabaniss, M.D.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Deborah L. Cabaniss, M.D. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Deborah L. Cabaniss, M.D. I. Definitions A. Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the umbrella term for a number of therapies that aim at treating problems that affect the mind (psyche).

More information

Children and Spouses of Substance Abusers Stress, Strain, and Interventions.

Children and Spouses of Substance Abusers Stress, Strain, and Interventions. Children and Spouses of Substance Abusers Stress, Strain, and Interventions. Diana Moesgen 1 & Michael Klein 1 1 German Institute on Addiction and Prevention Studies, Catholic University of Applied Sciences

More information

Personality Psychology

Personality Psychology Personality Psychology Instructor: George Chavez Office Hours: Mondays and Wednesdays 12:00pm-1:00pm (or by appointment) Contact Info: Tillett Hall 423 Email:gchavez@rci.rutgers.edu (primary) Livingston

More information

Thematic Apperception Test. Administration and Interpretation of the TAT

Thematic Apperception Test. Administration and Interpretation of the TAT Pepperdine University Personality Assessment Thematic Apperception Test Administration and Interpretation of the TAT Card Selection: There are 20 TAT cards, but it is common practice to administer 8-12

More information

Motivational Factors of Albanian Graduate Students Pursuing a Master Degree in Education

Motivational Factors of Albanian Graduate Students Pursuing a Master Degree in Education Ana Uka Beder University Motivational Factors of Albanian Graduate Students Pursuing a Master Degree in Education Abstract This study explained the reasons why Albanian students decide to pursue graduate

More information

Big Questions of Developmental Psychology

Big Questions of Developmental Psychology Big Questions of Developmental Psychology How did developmental psychologists understand something as incredibly complicated as children and our development? We 'break' the child into parts by studying

More information

D I S C II Temperament Assessment

D I S C II Temperament Assessment D I S C II Temperament Assessment Assessment on: Sample Sample Phone: Email: Agency: Profile Dynamics Assessment Date: 7/15/2006 For More Information Please Contact: John Cocoris Profile Dynamics 972-529-4483

More information

A literature review of Erikson s Psychosocial Development theory.

A literature review of Erikson s Psychosocial Development theory. 1 A literature review of Erikson s Psychosocial Development theory. Student Name: Dannielle Brown Student No.: n5990769 Word Count: Unit: SWB102 Human Development and Behaviour Due Date: 26 th April 2012

More information

Examining Miller and Rollnick s Motivational Interviewing approach through the Ways Paradigm

Examining Miller and Rollnick s Motivational Interviewing approach through the Ways Paradigm Examining Miller and Rollnick s Motivational Interviewing approach through the Ways Paradigm Introduction Pressuring clients to change can have a paradoxical effect the greater the force applied, the more

More information

What is an organization? An organization is a social arrangement for achieving controlled performance in pursuit of collective goals

What is an organization? An organization is a social arrangement for achieving controlled performance in pursuit of collective goals Organizational Behavior Lecture 1 introduction to organizational behavior What is an organization? An organization is a social arrangement for achieving controlled performance in pursuit of collective

More information

Self-Determination Theory and the Theory of Planned Behaviour Applied to Substance Abuse Treatment in a Therapeutic Community Setting

Self-Determination Theory and the Theory of Planned Behaviour Applied to Substance Abuse Treatment in a Therapeutic Community Setting 180 Substance Abuse Treatment Self-Determination Theory and the Theory of Planned Behaviour Applied to Substance Abuse Treatment in a Therapeutic Community Setting Stefanie Klag B.A. (Japanese), B.Psych

More information

The Control Paradox: Understanding and Working with Anorexia and Bulimia

The Control Paradox: Understanding and Working with Anorexia and Bulimia The Control Paradox: Understanding and Working with Anorexia and Bulimia Catrina Brown, M.A., M.S.W. Anorexia and bulimia are metaphors of women s psychological distress in the face of contradictory social

More information

I. Basic Theoretical Issues and Development Theory Hypotheses A. Issue 1: Are Children Active or Passive in Their Development?

I. Basic Theoretical Issues and Development Theory Hypotheses A. Issue 1: Are Children Active or Passive in Their Development? I. Basic Theoretical Issues and Development Theory: Coherent set of logically related concepts that seeks to, explain, and. predict data. Hypotheses: Tentative or that can be tested by further research.

More information

Sexualities Person-Centred Perspectives

Sexualities Person-Centred Perspectives Sexualities Person-Centred Perspectives Peter F. Schmid University of Graz, Austria Sigmund Freud University, Vienna Saybrook Graduate School, San Francisco Edinburg, Sept. 30 & Oct. 1, 2006 Lust Tenderness

More information

PSYCHOTHERAPY. MODULE -V Social and Applied Psychology OBJECTIVES 24.1 MEDICAL MODEL. Psychotherapy. Notes

PSYCHOTHERAPY. MODULE -V Social and Applied Psychology OBJECTIVES 24.1 MEDICAL MODEL. Psychotherapy. Notes MODULE -V Psychotherapy 24 PSYCHOTHERAPY In the previous lesson, you were told about psychological disorders. Psychologists have tried to understand the causes of abnormal behaviour, and the best way to

More information

To exercise or not to exercise: Predicting participation in sports. Niels van der Klauw

To exercise or not to exercise: Predicting participation in sports. Niels van der Klauw To exercise or not to exercise: Predicting participation in sports Niels van der Klauw Master thesis Psychology, specialization Social & Organizational Psychology Institute of Psychology Faculty of Social

More information

Class One - Basic Concepts I Cabaniss, D.L. (2011) The Treatment for a Mind in Motion in Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A Clinical Manual, pp.

Class One - Basic Concepts I Cabaniss, D.L. (2011) The Treatment for a Mind in Motion in Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A Clinical Manual, pp. TECHNIQUE I: The Therapeutic Situation Adult Psychotherapy First Year Fall 2016 Ellen Abrams, L.C.S.W. 212-595-6750 zpartha@me.com This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the

More information

Overview of Child Development

Overview of Child Development Overview of Child Development Child Development Definition: Change in the child that occurs over time. Changes follow an orderly pattern that moves toward greater complexity and enhances survival. Periods

More information

Tutorial: Motivation (See also Tutorial on Executive Function/Self-Regulation Routines; Sense of Self; Noncompliance

Tutorial: Motivation (See also Tutorial on Executive Function/Self-Regulation Routines; Sense of Self; Noncompliance Tutorial: Motivation (See also Tutorial on Executive Function/Self-Regulation Routines; Sense of Self; Noncompliance WHAT IS MOTIVATION? intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic (internal) motivation is an internal

More information

GESTALT THERAPY. Theory of Personality. Gestalt. Gestalt Therapy. Quotation

GESTALT THERAPY. Theory of Personality. Gestalt. Gestalt Therapy. Quotation GESTALT THERAPY Psychology 460 Counseling and Interviewing Sheila K. Grant, Ph.D. Quotation "I am not in this world to live up to other people's expectations, nor do I feel that the world must live up

More information

Personality Disorders By Dr. Julius Meller M.D.

Personality Disorders By Dr. Julius Meller M.D. Personality Disorders By Dr. Julius Meller M.D. Personality describes a person's characteristic behavior in response to his or her inner and outer experiences. It is predictable and stable. A personality

More information

Guide to the Focus in Mind, Brain, Behavior For History and Science Concentrators Science and Society Track Honors Eligible 2015-2016

Guide to the Focus in Mind, Brain, Behavior For History and Science Concentrators Science and Society Track Honors Eligible 2015-2016 Guide to the Focus in Mind, Brain, Behavior For History and Science Concentrators Science and Society Track Honors Eligible 2015-2016 Department of the History of Science Science Center 371 The Focus in

More information

Trauma, PTSD, Complex Trauma, and the ARC Framework

Trauma, PTSD, Complex Trauma, and the ARC Framework Trauma, PTSD, Complex Trauma, and the ARC Framework Learning Objectives What do we mean when we use the term trauma? What do different types of traumatic events have in common? Why do people respond differently

More information

Factors Influencing a Learner s Decision to Drop-Out or Persist in Higher Education Distance Learning

Factors Influencing a Learner s Decision to Drop-Out or Persist in Higher Education Distance Learning Factors Influencing a Learner s Decision to Drop-Out or Persist in Higher Education Distance Learning Hannah Street Mississippi State University hstreet@aoce.msstate.edu Abstract Previous studies conducted

More information

Evgenia Theodotou Metropolitan College, Athens, Greece. Abstract. Introduction. Motivation to learn: the theoretical framework

Evgenia Theodotou Metropolitan College, Athens, Greece. Abstract. Introduction. Motivation to learn: the theoretical framework Vol.4, No.1. April 2014 pp. 17 21. Early years education: are young students intrinsically or extrinsically motivated towards school activities? A discussion about the effects of rewards on young children

More information

The Impact of Alcohol

The Impact of Alcohol Alcohol and Tobacco Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol are behaviors that often begin in adolescence. Although tobacco companies are prohibited from advertising, promoting, or marketing their products

More information

Conceptual Models of Substance Use

Conceptual Models of Substance Use Conceptual Models of Substance Use Different causal factors emphasized Different interventions based on conceptual models 1 Developing a Conceptual Model What is the nature of the disorder? Why causes

More information

ASSERTIVENESS AND PERSUASION SKILLS

ASSERTIVENESS AND PERSUASION SKILLS TROY CONTINUTING EDUCATION AND ARCTURUS TRAINING ACADEMY PERSONAL ENRICHMENT WORKSHOPS ASSERTIVENESS AND PERSUASION SKILLS Do you find yourself saying Yes when you want to say No? Do you end up agreeing

More information