BRAZIL: ENERGY & FOOD THE SUGAR CANE CASE. Fernando Moreira Ribeiro, Secretary General UNICA - Sugar Cane Industry Union, Brazil

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BRAZIL: ENERGY & FOOD THE SUGAR CANE CASE. Fernando Moreira Ribeiro, Secretary General UNICA - Sugar Cane Industry Union, Brazil"

Transcription

1 BRAZIL: ENERGY & FOOD THE SUGAR CANE CASE Fernando Moreira Ribeiro, Secretary General UNICA - Sugar Cane Industry Union, Brazil September 2007

2 BRAZILIAN FUEL ETHANOL HISTORY 1925 First tests using ethanol blends with gasoline

3 BRAZILIAN FUEL ETHANOL HISTORY Ethanol production (billion liters) Incentives, mandatory blends, new technologies 1975 PROÁLCOOL FIRST PHASE Mandatory blend and subsidies. Deregulation, Sugar Exports ETHANOL CRISIS at the end of the 80s Oil prices down. Brazilian government cuts support. Higher sugar prices affect ethanol production and sales of E-100 cars went down rapidly Anhydrous Hydrous Flex Fuel Global Market? 0 Source: Unica. 72/73 73/74 74/75 75/76 76/77 77/78 78/79 79/80 80/81 81/82 82/83 83/84 84/85 85/86 86/87 87/88 88/89 89/90 90/91 91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95 95/96 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/00 00/01 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07e 1973 Oil crisis & low sugar prices PROÁLCOOL SECOND PHASE Fiscal incentives and tax exemptions for ethanol production and E-100 fueled cars. All gas stations must obligatorily sell ethanol. Low ethanol prices (65% of gasoline s) guaranteed at the pump FLEX FUEL Flex fuel vehicles begin to be sold.

4 BRAZIL: LOCATION OF PLANTS Amazon Rain Forest Wetlands Sugar cane Current plant Source: UNICA, IBGE and CTC. Plant in construction or in project

5 million hectares million t BRAZIL SUGAR CANE: HARVESTED AREA AND PRODUCTION Source: MAPA, Production (million t) Harvest area (million hectares)

6 ENERGY SUPPLY STRUCTURE 100,00% Non- renewable 87% 94% 80,00% Renewable 60,00% 40,00% 56% 45% 20,00% 0,00% 13% 6% Brazil (2006) World (2004) OCDE (2004) Source: Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), BEN(2007).

7 Renewable Sources 44.8 % Hydroelectricity 14,8% Uranium 1,6% Coal 6,0% Wood and other Biomass 12,4% Sugar Cane 14,6% Petroleum and Derivatives 37,9% Other Renewables Sources 3,0% BRAZILIAN ENERGY MATRIX (2006) Natural Gas 9,6% All gasoline (sold at pump) contains today 25% of ethanol More than 350 industrial units capable of producing either ethanol or sugar Subsidy free Source: Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), BEN(2007). 100% = millions [toe]

8 BRAZIL: MATRIX OF VEHICLE FUELS (2006) Gasoline C 34.6% Diesel 49,0% Diesel (total) 52.2% Gasoline A 27,3% Anhydrous Ethanol 7,3% Hydrated Ethanol 9,9% VNG 3,2% B2 3,3% Ethanol (total) 17.2% Note: B2 diesel blended with 2% of biodiesel; Gasoline A pure gasoline, before blending with anhydrous ethanol Source: Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME), BEN(2007).

9 FLEX FUEL VEHICLES (FFV) IN BRAZIL Through electronic sensors, the on-board computer recognizes the fuel and automatically adjusts the engine combustion parameters, without any interference whatsoever from the driver. Introduced in the Brazilian market on March These vehicles are designed to be fueled with gas, ethanol, or any combination of both (today from E25 to E100) Seven car brands and 49 models. 33,000 petrol stations all over the country with at least one dedicated E100 pump each. Source: ANFAVEA / UNICA

10 SUGAR CANE: PRIMARY ENERGY 1/3 syrup 608x10³kcal 1/3 bagasse 598x10³kcal 1718x10³kal 1/3 straw 512x10³kcal 1 BARREL OIL = 1386 x 10 3 KCAL 1 ton sugar cane 1,2 barrel oil 425 million ton of sugar cane 510 MILLION BARRELS OF OIL / YEAR Bagasse and straws represent an underused portion equivalent to two thirds of the plant s energy content

11 BRAZIL: AGRICULTURE VS. PASTURE AREAS hectares million Pastures (natural) Pastures (planted) Others Corn Soybeans Sugar cane Sources: Agriculture IBGE-Estatísticas do Século XX, IBGE-Sidra and IPEADATA- Historical Series. Pastures IBGE-Agricultural Census 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985 e 1995/96. Elaboration: Icone and Unica.

12 ITALY GERMANY SPAIN USA Brazil 8,5 million Km2

13 ILLUSTRATION OF THE BRAZILIAN POTENTIAL United States: the new Energy Bill forecasts 36 billion gallons a year by 2022: 136 billion liters of ethanol requires:20 m. ha of sugar cane 44 m. ha of corn European Union: proposals for a new Energy Policy for Europe (10% for the share of biofuels in gasoline and diesel in 2020): 14 billion liters of ethanol requires: 2 m. ha of sugar cane 5.6 m. ha of corn 2.4 m. ha of sugar beet 22 million ha 6,5% of current arable land or 11% of current pasture areas in Brazil! Assumptions: a) demand for petrol in the EU estimated from CERA (Cambridge Energy Research Associates); b) ethanol replacing 10% of gasoline in 2020; c) 1 hectare of sugar cane liters of ethanol. Sources: CERA, MAPA and IBGE. Elaboration: Unica.

14 FACTS Brazilian ethanol production billion liters of gasoline / equivalent 1.58 billion barrels of oil / equivalent = 12% actual Brazilian oil reserves

15 CONCLUSIONS BIOENERGY: FOOD AND ENERGY FOR A BETTER WORLD Remembering that we are only on the first stages of utilization of biomass.

16 Obrigado!

Quel avenir pour le modèle brésilien en matière de biocarburants?

Quel avenir pour le modèle brésilien en matière de biocarburants? Groupe d Economie Mondiale (GEM) Sciences Po Quel avenir pour le modèle brésilien en matière de biocarburants? Marcos S. Jank President, Brazilian Institute for International Trade Negotiations Professor

More information

Outlook for Sugarcane Biofuels Building on Brazil s s Experience with ethanol

Outlook for Sugarcane Biofuels Building on Brazil s s Experience with ethanol BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION UNIÃO DA INDÚSTRIA DE CANA-DE-AÇÚCAR Outlook for Sugarcane Biofuels Building on Brazil s s Experience with ethanol Joel Velasco Chief Representative North America

More information

Biofuels policy: Some insights from Brazil

Biofuels policy: Some insights from Brazil A Global Perspective on the EU Biofuel Subsidies Reform Biofuels policy: Some insights from Brazil Géraldine Kutas Senior Advisor to the President for International Affairs Head of International Affairs

More information

Biofuels: how much, how fast and how difficult. Prof. José Goldemberg University of São Paulo São Paulo, Brazil

Biofuels: how much, how fast and how difficult. Prof. José Goldemberg University of São Paulo São Paulo, Brazil Biofuels: how much, how fast and how difficult. Prof. José Goldemberg University of São Paulo São Paulo, Brazil Land Use for Ethanol (2006) BRAZIL Ethanol production from sugarcane Agricultural area (million

More information

Biofuels: a growing alternative. Mario Lindenhayn CEO, BP Biofuels Brazil

Biofuels: a growing alternative. Mario Lindenhayn CEO, BP Biofuels Brazil Biofuels: a growing alternative Mario Lindenhayn CEO, BP Biofuels Brazil Forward Looking Statements This presentation contains forward-looking statements based on management s current expectations, estimates

More information

Fuel for Thought. Fernando De Mello Barreto

Fuel for Thought. Fernando De Mello Barreto Fuel for Thought Fernando De Mello Barreto Paper prepared for presentation at the Biofuels, Energy and Agriculture: Powering Towards or Away From Food Security? conference conducted by the Crawford Fund

More information

IEA Bioenergy Workshop & Business Forum on Sustainable Biomass Production for the World Market BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE ETHANOL: LESSONS LEARNED

IEA Bioenergy Workshop & Business Forum on Sustainable Biomass Production for the World Market BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE ETHANOL: LESSONS LEARNED IEA Bioenergy Workshop & Business Forum on Sustainable Biomass Production for the World Market BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE ETHANOL: LESSONS LEARNED Prof. Suani Coelho CENBIO The Brazilian Reference Center on Biomass

More information

OVERVIEW & OUTLOOK: BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY

OVERVIEW & OUTLOOK: BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY OVERVIEW & OUTLOOK: BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY Leticia Phillips Representative, North America Washington, August 1, 2012 Fonte: LMC, F.O.Licht s, Secex, UNICA e Rais. KEY NUMBERS - BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE

More information

Jacob Palis President. Director, FAPESP), with inputs from João Jornada (President, Inmetro) and the Study Group for Biofuels at

Jacob Palis President. Director, FAPESP), with inputs from João Jornada (President, Inmetro) and the Study Group for Biofuels at Jacob Palis President Brazilian Academy of Sciences Bioenergy in Brazil [Presentation prepared by Carlos H Brito Cruz (Scientific Director, FAPESP), with inputs from João Jornada (President, Inmetro) and

More information

Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil

Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil Henry Joseph Jr. ANFAVEA Energy & Environment Affairs Commission Brasília, March 22 th, 2013. The Brazilian Automobile Industry Local Manufacturers (2012) - 26 companies Net

More information

USE OF BIO-FUELS IN BRAZIL

USE OF BIO-FUELS IN BRAZIL USE OF BIO-FUELS IN BRAZIL Alfred Szwarc Consultant Ministry of Science and Technology In-Session Workshop on Mitigation SBSTA 21 / COP 10 December 9, 2004 Buenos Aires Brazilian experience with fuel grade

More information

GET THE FACTS RIGHT AND KILL THE MYTHS

GET THE FACTS RIGHT AND KILL THE MYTHS GET THE S RIGHT AND KILL THE MYTHS Given the ongoing debate on ethanol benefits, it is important to distinguish fallacious myths from honest facts MYTH #1 Brazilian sugarcane ethanol leads to the deforestation

More information

Learning from creating a world class biofuels industry in Brazil. Alexandre Strapasson

Learning from creating a world class biofuels industry in Brazil. Alexandre Strapasson Learning from creating a world class biofuels industry in Brazil Alexandre Strapasson Conference of the Biorefining Alliance at The Danish Parliament Copenhagen, 25 th Nov 2013 KEY FIGURES ABOUT BRAZIL

More information

Enhancing International Cooperation on Biomass

Enhancing International Cooperation on Biomass Enhancing International Cooperation on Biomass 1 Biofuels- issues, challenges and options J. Gururaja Energy and Dransport Branch Department of Economic and Social Affairs United Nations New York > 2 Key

More information

Fifth Stakeholder Plenary Meeting of EBTP

Fifth Stakeholder Plenary Meeting of EBTP Fifth Stakeholder Plenary Meeting of EBTP Session 5: Global approaches to support for advanced biofuels - how the need for a comprehensive policy framework is being addressed Géraldine Kutas Senior Advisor

More information

October 16, 2014. UNICA s Comments on Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Availability for the LCFS.

October 16, 2014. UNICA s Comments on Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Availability for the LCFS. October 16, 2014 VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL Mike Waug Branch Chief, Alternative Fuels Section California Air Resources Board 1001 I Street Sacramento, CA 95814 RE: UNICA s Comments on Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol

More information

Outlook for Sugarcane Ethanol

Outlook for Sugarcane Ethanol BRAZILIAN SUGARCANE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION UNIÃO DA INDÚSTRIA DE CANA-DE-AÇÚCAR Outlook for Sugarcane Ethanol An Update on the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Leticia Phillips washington@unica.com.br www.unica.com.br

More information

brazilian agribusiness in figures

brazilian agribusiness in figures brazilian agribusiness in figures 2010 ranking Brazilian Production and Exports Ranking Brazil plays a leading role as a global supplier of agribusiness products 1 st 1 st 1 st 2 nd Sources: USDA and Brazilian

More information

GET THE FACTS RIGHT AND KILL THE MYTHS

GET THE FACTS RIGHT AND KILL THE MYTHS GET THE S RIGHT AND KILL THE MYTHS Given the ongoing debate on ethanol benefits, it is important to distinguish fallacious myths from honest facts MYTH #1 Brazilian sugarcane ethanol leads to deforestation

More information

AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE?

AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE? GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE BIOENERGY PROJECT AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE? Dr. Rodolfo Quintero-Ramírez March 24 th, 2010 Sao Paulo, Brazil ? FOOD ANIMAL FEED AGRICULTURE BIOENERGY BIOPRODUCTS

More information

OVERVIEW OF BRAZIL BIOFUEL BUSINESS

OVERVIEW OF BRAZIL BIOFUEL BUSINESS OVERVIEW OF BRAZIL BIOFUEL BUSINESS Tsukuba, October 29, 2009 IEA Bioenergy Kuniyuki Terabe Petrobras General Manager terabe@petrobras.com.br OVERVIEW OF BRAZIL BIOFUEL BUSINESS AGENDA > BIOFUEL IN BRAZIL

More information

BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL: A CASE STUDY

BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL: A CASE STUDY BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL: A CASE STUDY Brazil is the current global leader in the use of ethanol as a fuel source. An examination of the history of Brazil s sugarcane ethanol industry can provide valuable insight

More information

More and more, the main drivers towards a global energy transition; are reinforced and fostered biofuels production and use abroad

More and more, the main drivers towards a global energy transition; are reinforced and fostered biofuels production and use abroad 1 2 More and more, the main drivers towards a global energy transition; concerns on oil dependence and energy costs, global and local environmental problems, opportunity for economic activation of agro-industrial

More information

Ethanol as Fuel: Energy, Carbon Dioxide Balances, and Ecological Footprint

Ethanol as Fuel: Energy, Carbon Dioxide Balances, and Ecological Footprint Ethanol as Fuel: Energy, Carbon Dioxide Balances, and Ecological Footprint Marcelo E. Dias de Oliveira Dr: Burton Vaughan -adjunct professor Biological Sciences - WSU Dr: Edward Rykiel Jr - associate professor

More information

FACT SHEET: BIOFUELS. Solving our climate and oil woes? By Alexandra Morel University of Oxford

FACT SHEET: BIOFUELS. Solving our climate and oil woes? By Alexandra Morel University of Oxford FACT SHEET: BIOFUELS Solving our climate and oil woes? By Alexandra Morel University of Oxford 1 The Issue The live performance sector has shown a particular interest in biofuels as offering a partial

More information

How to reposition the energy sector s role in economic development, through innovation policies

How to reposition the energy sector s role in economic development, through innovation policies 1st Policy dialogue on energy efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean: towards sustainable institutionalities How to reposition the energy sector s role in economic development, through innovation

More information

BIODIESEL THE NEW FUEL FROM BRAZIL NATIONAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION & USE PROGRAM

BIODIESEL THE NEW FUEL FROM BRAZIL NATIONAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION & USE PROGRAM BIODIESEL THE NEW FUEL FROM BRAZIL NATIONAL BIODIESEL PRODUCTION & USE PROGRAM BIODIESEL: THE NEW FUEL FROM BRAZIL The Brazilian Government has just authorized the commercial use of a new fuel. Brazil

More information

Callus formation on sugarcane leaf roles under sterile tissue culture conditions representing the first step of genetic modification of sugarcane.

Callus formation on sugarcane leaf roles under sterile tissue culture conditions representing the first step of genetic modification of sugarcane. Callus formation on sugarcane leaf roles under sterile tissue culture conditions representing the first step of genetic modification of sugarcane. 68 Bayer research 25 Sugarcane Agriculture Biotechnology

More information

World Fuel Ethanol. Analysis and Outlook. Prepared for METI. Dr. Christoph Berg, F.O. Licht

World Fuel Ethanol. Analysis and Outlook. Prepared for METI. Dr. Christoph Berg, F.O. Licht Analysis and Outlook Prepared for METI By Dr. Christoph Berg, F.O. Licht 1 Some basic concepts By production route: Fermentation vs. Synthetic By composition: Anhydrous vs. Hydrous By end-use: Beverage,

More information

Biofuels in Brazil. Fabio R. de Carvalho PETROBRAS S.A Nairobi, June 28, 2007

Biofuels in Brazil. Fabio R. de Carvalho PETROBRAS S.A Nairobi, June 28, 2007 Biofuels in Brazil Fabio R. de Carvalho PETROBRAS S.A Nairobi, June 28, 2007 Company Overview Proven reserves: 11.0 billion boe (SEC) 16 Refineries with a refine capacity of 2,060 thousand bpd Oil & gas

More information

Regulatory Role of ANTAQ. Transportation) and Brazilian foreign trade. Tiago Lima Director of ANTAQ

Regulatory Role of ANTAQ. Transportation) and Brazilian foreign trade. Tiago Lima Director of ANTAQ Regulatory Role of ANTAQ (National i lagency for Waterway Transportation) and Brazilian foreign trade MEDLOG Conférence Mediterranéenne de la Logistique Les perspective des échanges internationaux de l

More information

The impact of biofuels on the world fertilizer market

The impact of biofuels on the world fertilizer market The impact of biofuels on the world fertilizer market By Oliver Hatfield, Director Integer Research Ltd TFI Conference, November 2007 Presentation overview Definitions and scope Factors which translate

More information

PETROBRAS Business & Environment

PETROBRAS Business & Environment Rui Antonio Alves da Fonseca Petrobrás, Rio de Janeiro Tel. +55-21- 534 2210, Fax: +55-2- 534 1846 E-mail: ruifonsc@petrobras.com.br, http://www.petrobrás.com.br GLOBAL ISSUES: THINK GLOBALLY Globalization,

More information

Sugar & Bioenergy Overview

Sugar & Bioenergy Overview Sugar & Bioenergy Overview BEN PEARCY, MANAGING DIRECTOR, SUGAR & BIOENERGY 1 2012 BUNGE INVESTOR DAY Forward-Looking Statements Today s presentation includes forward-looking statements that reflect Bunge

More information

Energy Offices Meeting

Energy Offices Meeting NASEO 2014 Mid Atlantic Regional State 25x 25: Progressing Towards the Goal Ernie Shea Project Coordinator May 1, 2014 Valley Forge, PA Energy Offices Meeting 25x 25: A National Alliance Formed through

More information

Solar with Jobs: Towards sustainable Energy Products from Sugarcane in Southern Africa. SANEA 12 October 2011

Solar with Jobs: Towards sustainable Energy Products from Sugarcane in Southern Africa. SANEA 12 October 2011 Solar with Jobs: Towards sustainable Energy Products from Sugarcane in Southern Africa SANEA 12 October 2011 Presentation Outline Tongaat Hulett - Background Sugarcane Agriculture & Processing International

More information

Ethanol Fuelling a New Market for Triticale

Ethanol Fuelling a New Market for Triticale Ethanol Fuelling a New Market for Triticale Christopher Green, Senova Ltd (formerly SW Seed Ltd) Given by Ad Vrolijk, SW Seed BV 6 th International Triticale Symposium Stellenbosch, September 2006 Why

More information

Sugarcane Agroecological Zoning. To expand production, preserve life, and ensure a future.

Sugarcane Agroecological Zoning. To expand production, preserve life, and ensure a future. Sugarcane Agroecological Zoning To expand production, preserve life, and ensure a future. Sugarcane Agroecological Zoning. To expand production, preserve life, and ensure a future. A new time has come

More information

Biofuels: Demand. Ethanol and Biodiesel

Biofuels: Demand. Ethanol and Biodiesel Biofuels: Demand for Ethanol and Biodiesel Example: India Compiled by Dr Shoumen Palit Austin Datta School of Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology Dr Shoumen Palit Austin Datta, MIT shoumen@mit.edu

More information

Renewable Energy Development and Environment in Thailand: Rangsan Sarochawikasit

Renewable Energy Development and Environment in Thailand: Rangsan Sarochawikasit Renewable Energy Development and Environment in Thailand: Rangsan Sarochawikasit 1. Thailand national energy policy Dr Thaksin Shinawatra s government has formulated an energy policy to emphasize and promote

More information

GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011

GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011 GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011 Presentation Overview Global Outlook Biofuels Mandates in 2010 Total

More information

The Inmetro LCA Collaboration

The Inmetro LCA Collaboration The Inmetro LCA Collaboration Introduction Biofuels and the Environment Currently, the default fuels worldwide are from fossil origin. Lately, with the tighter regulations and with the increase in environmental

More information

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION Agrofuels and the Rainforest The agrofuels boom A number of Latin and Central American countries (namely Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala) are currently experiencing

More information

GG102 Unit 2. Energy Lecture 4. Hydropower and Biofuels

GG102 Unit 2. Energy Lecture 4. Hydropower and Biofuels GG102 Unit 2. Energy Lecture 4 Hydropower and Biofuels Fuel Sources used in the USA Renewables = 8 % of fuel used in the USA Petroleum Fuel Type Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Power Renewable Energy (solar,

More information

Renewable Fuels in Minnesota

Renewable Fuels in Minnesota Commissioner o Gene e Hugoson Minnesota: The North Star State Minnesota s renewable fuels agenda 1. Boost the farm and rural economy 2. Reduce dependence on foreign fossil fuels 3. Improve air quality

More information

Positioning Brazil for biofuels success

Positioning Brazil for biofuels success Positioning Brazil for biofuels success Positioning Brazil for biofuels success The country now produces ethanol more cheaply than anywhere else on Earth, but that may not be true for long. Vicente Assis,

More information

Biofuels for urban transport: Brazilian potential and implications for sustainable development

Biofuels for urban transport: Brazilian potential and implications for sustainable development Urban Transport XVIII 51 Biofuels for urban transport: Brazilian potential and implications for sustainable development M. D. Berni, S. V. Bajay & P. C. Manduca Interdisciplinary Center on Energy Planning,

More information

Energy and Environment

Energy and Environment Energy and Environment At GM, we believe tomorrow s automobiles must be flexible enough to accommodate many different energy sources. And a key part of that flexibility will be enabled by the development

More information

Biofuel Status and Policy. 18 th September 2015

Biofuel Status and Policy. 18 th September 2015 Biofuel Status and Policy 18 th September 2015 Thailand Integrated Energy Blueprint Power Development Plan PDP 2015 Gas Plan Energy Efficiency Development Plan EEDP 2015 Energy Security Promote energy

More information

Ethanol CLIMATE TECHBOOK

Ethanol CLIMATE TECHBOOK Quick Facts In 2008, 9.2 billion gallons of ethanol were consumed in the United States. As of 2007, a total of 110 corn ethanol plants were operating in 21 states. The Energy Independence and Security

More information

INTRODUCTION TO THE ETHANOL SUPPLEMENT

INTRODUCTION TO THE ETHANOL SUPPLEMENT INTRODUCTION TO THE Program planning for export market development must take into account the diversity of market development programs, geographic realities, economic conditions, the nature of constraints

More information

BIOFUEL TAXES, SUBSIDIES, AND MANDATES: IMPACTS ON US AND BRAZILIAN MARKETS

BIOFUEL TAXES, SUBSIDIES, AND MANDATES: IMPACTS ON US AND BRAZILIAN MARKETS BIOFUEL TAXES, SUBSIDIES, AND MANDATES: IMPACTS ON US AND BRAZILIAN MARKETS Bruce A. Babcock, Marcelo Moreira, and Yixing Peng Staff Report 13-SR 108 May 22, 2013 Bruce Babcock holds the Cargill Chair

More information

PETROBRAS BUSINESS & ENVIRONMENT

PETROBRAS BUSINESS & ENVIRONMENT PETROBRAS BUSINESS & ENVIRONMENT January 2002 GLOBAL ISSUES: THINK GLOBALLY Globalisation, liberalisation, technology advances Global stakeholder empowerment Social accountability CNN world Climate change

More information

STEPS TAKEN IN THE BRAZILIAN ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION SECTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE ULTIMATE OBJECTIVE OF THE UNFCCC. Haroldo Machado Filho Brazil

STEPS TAKEN IN THE BRAZILIAN ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION SECTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE ULTIMATE OBJECTIVE OF THE UNFCCC. Haroldo Machado Filho Brazil Workshop on Best Practices in Policies and Measures, 11 13 April 2000, Copenhagen STEPS TAKEN IN THE BRAZILIAN ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION SECTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE ULTIMATE OBJECTIVE OF THE UNFCCC

More information

Presentation overview

Presentation overview U.S. Ethanol Expansion: How the Agricultural Sector Adjusts & Challenges to Future Expansion Paul Westcott U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service AAEA Annual Meeting Orlando, Florida

More information

E85 Ethanol Q&A. 1. What is E85?

E85 Ethanol Q&A. 1. What is E85? E85 Ethanol Q&A Do you drive a Flex Fuel vehicle? If so, you could be filling your gas tank with E85 ethanol, a blend of gasoline and alcohol that gives your engine more power while reducing your tailpipe

More information

Biomass energy in CGE models

Biomass energy in CGE models Biomass energy in CGE models presentation by Peter B. Dixon Centre of Policy Studies, Monash University to the Workshop on modelling bio-energy in agricultural-economic models Bonn, February 27-28, 2008

More information

SUGARCANE POTENTIAL Food & Energy. 30 October 2013

SUGARCANE POTENTIAL Food & Energy. 30 October 2013 SUGARCANE POTENTIAL Food & Energy 30 October 2013 SA Sugar Industry economic contribution SA sugarcane industry is Diverse agriculture, sugars (raw, refined, specialised), syrups and range of by-products

More information

Classifying Biofuel Subsidies: Farm Bill and WTO Considerations

Classifying Biofuel Subsidies: Farm Bill and WTO Considerations U.S. Agricultural & Biofuels Policy Classifying Biofuel Subsidies: Farm Bill and WTO Considerations 12:00-1:30 pm, September 14, 2010 Rayburn Office Building, Room B - 340 Randy Schnepf Specialist in Agricultural

More information

Ethanol Fuel. Biomass to Chemicals and Fuels: Science, Technology and Public Policy.

Ethanol Fuel. Biomass to Chemicals and Fuels: Science, Technology and Public Policy. Ethanol Fuel Biomass to Chemicals and Fuels: Science, Technology and Public Policy. September 25-26, 2006 Rice University Marcelo E. Dias de Oliveira University of Florida Washington State University.

More information

Ethanol Sugar Bioelectricity

Ethanol Sugar Bioelectricity Ethanol Sugar Bioelectricity 500-YEARS-YOUNG Portuguese sailors discovered Brazil in the year 1500, and one of their first acts was to plant sugarcane. Sugar has been an integral part of Brazil s social,

More information

ETHANOL: LESSONS FROM BRAZIL. by David Sandalow

ETHANOL: LESSONS FROM BRAZIL. by David Sandalow May 2006 ETHANOL: LESSONS FROM BRAZIL by David Sandalow Ethanol is hot. In the United States, production increased by more than 20% in 2005. The nation s 97 ethanol plants are operating at close to full

More information

Woody Biomass Supply and Demand 1

Woody Biomass Supply and Demand 1 Woody Biomass Supply and Demand 1 Bryce Stokes, Ph.D. Senior Advisor Navarro Research & Engineering, Inc. Department of Energy, Golden Field Office Golden, CO Introduction Forest biomass is one of the

More information

PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE BIOFUELS

PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE BIOFUELS PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE BIOFUELS food shortages, land availability, trade distortions rural development, energy security, savings, sustainability standards deforestation, land-use change, high food prices

More information

Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and Opportunities. Will Thurmond

Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and Opportunities. Will Thurmond Global Biodiesel Market Trends, Outlook and Opportunities Will Thurmond Will Thurmond President, Emerging Markets Online http://www.emerging-markets.com markets.com Author, Biodiesel 2020: A Global Market

More information

Developing technologies for biofuels

Developing technologies for biofuels Developing technologies for biofuels Francesco Palombo Biofuels Technology Program R&D Center Eco-Mobility 2013 8 th A3PS Conference - Austrian Agency for Alternative Propulsion Systems DISCLAIMER The

More information

By Adrian Stone, Giles Henley and Tiisetso Maseela. in Collaboration with UNU-WIDER 3rd June 2015

By Adrian Stone, Giles Henley and Tiisetso Maseela. in Collaboration with UNU-WIDER 3rd June 2015 By Adrian Stone, Giles Henley and Tiisetso Maseela Energy Research Centre - University of Cape Town, UK Overseas Development Institute & the South African National Energy Development Institute in Collaboration

More information

Energy. in Thailand : Facts & Figures Q1/2014

Energy. in Thailand : Facts & Figures Q1/2014 Energy in Thailand : Facts & Figures Q1 Primary Energy Supply Final Energy Consumption Alternative and Renewable Energy Green Electricity Bioenergy Biofuels Energy Efficiency Energy in Thailand : Facts

More information

Brazil. Economic upswing and sustainable energy development. Marcelo Khaled Poppe

Brazil. Economic upswing and sustainable energy development. Marcelo Khaled Poppe Economic upswing and sustainable energy development Marcelo Khaled Poppe Primary energy supply Oil 47.1% Nuclear 1.2% Coal 7.4% Natural Gas 5.5% Traditional biomass (unsustainable) 3.4% New renewable Modern

More information

Chapter 13 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Chapter 13 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 13 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is the correct type of energy utilized to produce tidal power? a.

More information

Brazil Energy efficiency report

Brazil Energy efficiency report Brazil Energy efficiency report Objectives: 19 TWh of electricity savings by 23 Overview 29 2-29 (% / year) Primary intensity (EU=) 1 19 - -.4% -- CO 2 intensity (EU=) 69 ++ -1.9% - CO 2 emissions per

More information

Country Report, SWEDEN

Country Report, SWEDEN Country Report, SWEDEN Bo Hektor 1 & Erik Ling 2 1. Talloil AB, Klarabergsviadukten 70, D7, SE 111 64 Stockholm, Sweden, +46 70 6570043, Bo.Hektor@talloil.se 2. Sveaskog AB, 105 22 Stockholm, Sweden, +46

More information

Liquid Biofuels for Transport

Liquid Biofuels for Transport page 1/11 Scientific Facts on Liquid Biofuels for Transport Prospects, risks and opportunities Source document: FAO (2008) Summary & Details: GreenFacts Context - Serious questions are being raised about

More information

California Energy Commission California Perspective on Biofuels and Energy

California Energy Commission California Perspective on Biofuels and Energy California Energy Commission California Perspective on Biofuels and Energy USDA/USDOE Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee Meeting November 19, 2015 Emeryville, California Tim

More information

Overview of the biofuel sectors in selected Asian and Latin American Countries. Asia Latin-America Agri-Food Research Network (ALARN)

Overview of the biofuel sectors in selected Asian and Latin American Countries. Asia Latin-America Agri-Food Research Network (ALARN) Overview of the biofuel sectors in selected Asian and Latin American Countries Asia Latin-America Agri-Food Research Network (ALARN) 2008 Instituto de Estudos do Comércio e Negociações Internacionais Institute

More information

Greenhouse-Gas Consequences of US Corn-based Ethanol Policies

Greenhouse-Gas Consequences of US Corn-based Ethanol Policies Greenhouse-Gas Consequences of US Corn-based Ethanol Policies Michael T. Coe and Eric A. Davidson1, Daniel C. Nepstad2, Simon D. Donner3, Mercedes M. C. Bustamante4, and Chris Neill5 1The Woods Hole Research

More information

Current use of biomass for energy in Sweden and forecast for the coming years

Current use of biomass for energy in Sweden and forecast for the coming years Current use of biomass for energy in Sweden and forecast for the coming years Gustav Melin, President SVEBIO Oslo 2009-09-23 Allocation of commitment, EU Swedish Bioenergy Association Mission: To increase

More information

The facts on biodiesel and bioethanol

The facts on biodiesel and bioethanol Renewable biofuels for transport The facts on biodiesel and bioethanol BABFO BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR BIO FUELS AND OILS RECYCLING CARBON Sustainable development is a key priority for Defra, by which we

More information

Sweden. Biofuels Annual. Clearance Office: All - FAS. Date: 6/24/2009 GAIN Report Number: SW9008

Sweden. Biofuels Annual. Clearance Office: All - FAS. Date: 6/24/2009 GAIN Report Number: SW9008 Voluntary - Public Clearance Office: All - FAS Date: 6/24/2009 GAIN Report Number: SW9008 Sweden Post: Stockholm Biofuels Annual Report Categories: Bio-Fuels Approved By: Stephen Huete Prepared By: Bettina

More information

Technical/Business Planning: For Small-Scale Oilseed Processing and Biodiesel Production

Technical/Business Planning: For Small-Scale Oilseed Processing and Biodiesel Production Agricultural Marketing Resource Center Value-added Agriculture Profile Iowa State University November 2008 Technical/Business Planning: For Small-Scale Oilseed Processing and Biodiesel Production By Gary

More information

Supervisory Software is Critical Component in Sugar Cane Processing Efficiency. InduSoft

Supervisory Software is Critical Component in Sugar Cane Processing Efficiency. InduSoft Supervisory Software is Critical Component in Sugar Cane Processing Efficiency InduSoft Brazil s ethanol industry holds incredible potential as a renewable source of energy that has already proven itself

More information

Effective Rate of Assistance for the Biofuel Production Chains in Europe

Effective Rate of Assistance for the Biofuel Production Chains in Europe June 2008 Effective Rate of Assistance for the Biofuel Production Chains in Europe Luiz Fernando do Amaral Mémoire présenté pour le Master recherche Mention : Relations Internationales Spécialité : Economie

More information

Global Biofuels Outlook to 2020. Alternative Aviation Fuel In Asia Singapore February 15-16, 2012

Global Biofuels Outlook to 2020. Alternative Aviation Fuel In Asia Singapore February 15-16, 2012 Global Biofuels Outlook to 2020 Alternative Aviation Fuel In Asia Singapore February 15-16, 2012 Overview 1. Global Product Demand 2. Global Biofuels Mandate 3. Biofuels Penetration in the Global On-road

More information

Competitiveness Issues on Palm Oil Biodiesel

Competitiveness Issues on Palm Oil Biodiesel Competitiveness Issues on Palm Oil Biodiesel The 3 rd Bioenergy Week 2015, GBEP 25 th -29 th of May 2015 Medan, Indonesia Paulus Tjakrawan Indonesia Biofuels Producer Association The Outline Fossil Fuel

More information

Energy Access in Brazil

Energy Access in Brazil Taller Latinoamericano y del Caribe: Pobreza y el Acceso a la Energía Energy Access in Brazil Prof. Suani Coelho CENBIO Brazilian Reference Center on Biomass University of São Paulo Santiago, October,

More information

ROMANIA The characteristics and potential of the wooden pellets and briquettes

ROMANIA The characteristics and potential of the wooden pellets and briquettes ROMANIA The characteristics and potential of the wooden pellets and briquettes ROMANIAN PELLETS AND BRIQUETTES ASSOCIATION Mr. Dorin Sfaca - President ROMANIA - located in Southeastern Europe and that

More information

Bioenergy expansion in the EU:

Bioenergy expansion in the EU: Bioenergy expansion in the EU: cost-effective climate change mitigation, employment creation and reduced dependency on imported fuels & Göran Berndes, Physical Resource Theory, Chalmers University of Technology,

More information

Ethanol Report April 2007 Written by Matthew Page, Co-Manager of the Alternative Energy Fund

Ethanol Report April 2007 Written by Matthew Page, Co-Manager of the Alternative Energy Fund Ethanol Report April 2007 Written by Matthew Page, Co-Manager of the Alternative Energy Fund Ethanol: Fuel for thought. The sun, rich mid-america farmland, water and a little patience. These simple, wholesome

More information

112 March 2011 Journal of Food Distribution Research 42(1) much room for growth to the 36 billion gallons in 2022 as mandated by the RFS2. It has been

112 March 2011 Journal of Food Distribution Research 42(1) much room for growth to the 36 billion gallons in 2022 as mandated by the RFS2. It has been Government Policy and Ethanol: What Does the Future Hold? Daniel Staley and Sayed Saghaian The worlds of government and agribusiness have become intertwined with the increase in ethanol production that

More information

Building a Sustainable Biofuels Business: an Overview of the Market and BP Biofuels

Building a Sustainable Biofuels Business: an Overview of the Market and BP Biofuels Building a Sustainable Biofuels Business: an Overview of the Market and BP Biofuels BP Biofuels a growing alternative Presentation title second line if required Kristen Kurczak, BP Biofuels Johannesburg,

More information

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels From Biomass NREL Leads the Way to Biofuels The Wide World of Biofuels Fuel Source Benefits Maturity Grain/Sugar Ethanol Biodiesel Corn, sorghum, and sugarcane Vegetable oils, fats, and greases Produces

More information

MINNESOTA CLEAN ENERGY ECONOMY PROFILE. How Industry Sectors are Advancing Economic Growth

MINNESOTA CLEAN ENERGY ECONOMY PROFILE. How Industry Sectors are Advancing Economic Growth MINNESOTA CLEAN ENERGY ECONOMY PROFILE How Industry Sectors are Advancing Economic Growth OCTOBER 2014 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Readily available and reliable energy is critical for the economic vitality, public

More information

Renewable Energy. The Ethanol Production Process Dry Mill Flow Meters and Controls. Direct Reading Flowmeters For Liquids and Gases

Renewable Energy. The Ethanol Production Process Dry Mill Flow Meters and Controls. Direct Reading Flowmeters For Liquids and Gases Renewable Energy The Ethanol Production Process Dry Mill Flow Meters and Controls Direct Reading Flowmeters For Liquids and Gases Ethanol- How it s made... There are three main uses for ethanol (industrial,

More information

Energy, Alternative Energy, and Biofuels: Costs, Benefits, and Unintended Consequences with a Few Comments on California Agriculture

Energy, Alternative Energy, and Biofuels: Costs, Benefits, and Unintended Consequences with a Few Comments on California Agriculture Energy, Alternative Energy, and Biofuels: Costs, Benefits, and Unintended Consequences with a Few Comments on California Agriculture Lay James Gibson School of Geography and Development and Office of Arid

More information

2. Energy supply and demand: trends and prospects

2. Energy supply and demand: trends and prospects 5 2. Energy supply and demand: trends and prospects Energy demand is expected to increase considerably in the coming years as the result of population growth and economic development (EIA, 2007). Many

More information

Brazil and Biofuels for Autos: A Model for Other Nations

Brazil and Biofuels for Autos: A Model for Other Nations Brazil and Biofuels for Autos: A Model for Other Nations Michael McDermott, Marcio Cinelli, Denise J. Luethge and Philippe Byosiere, Northern Kentucky University Abstract This paper examines the evolution

More information

CANADIAN RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES. Matthew H. Brown InterEnergy Solutions 2007

CANADIAN RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES. Matthew H. Brown InterEnergy Solutions 2007 CANADIAN RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES Matthew H. Brown InterEnergy Solutions 2007 The following offers an overview of Canadian federal and provincial policies that promote renewable energy. It is excerpted

More information

Global Agriculture Markets: Today and

Global Agriculture Markets: Today and Global Agriculture Markets: Today and Tomorrow AgriEvolution Summit New Delhi, India JB Penn Chief Economist December 5, 2013 1 bal Agriculture Markets: Today and Tomorrow Brief Historic Review (2000-2013)

More information

Ethanol & Flex-Fuel Vehicles

Ethanol & Flex-Fuel Vehicles Christopher Taylor October 21, 2006 Ethanol & Flex-Fuel Vehicles 1. Introduction The 21 st Century has been referred to as the Century of the Environment by some scholars and thinkers. This term certainly

More information

Biofuels for Transportation. Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering

Biofuels for Transportation. Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering Biofuels for Transportation Dr Kate Haigh, Prof Johann Görgens, Process Engineering Why Biofuels? Besides electricity, transport is the biggest CO 2 emitter in South Africa Due to Sasol s coal processes

More information