ARIZONA KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK

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1 ARIZONA KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK July 2014 Phoenix Office 4001 N. Third Street, Suite 160 Phoenix, Arizona (T) (F) Tucson Office 33 S. Fifth Ave. Tucson, AZ (T) CAA is an independent voice for Arizona children working to improve children s health, education and security.

2 Statewide trends for Arizona children Comparison of rates 1999/2000 to 2012/13 Demographic Trends Participation in Services Good News Birth Rate: Much lower Children living in married couple families: Lower TANF cash assistance: Much lower SNAP (food stamps): Much higher Births to mothers without a high school education: Much lower Juveniles arrested for a violent crime: Much lower School-age children speaking English less than very well: Much lower Children in families where all parents are in the labor force: Higher WIC (Women, Infants and Children Nutrition): Much higher Child care subsidy 1 : Much lower 4-year graduation rate: Higher Much lower and much higher = 20% or greater change. 1 Comparison between years 2007 and PAGE 2 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

3 Bad News Children living in poverty: Much higher Children in foster care: Much higher Children living below 200% of the poverty level: Higher 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in preschool: Lower Arizona KIDS COUNT Databook: Statewide trends The 1.6 million children growing up in Arizona today experience a wide range of family circumstances and conditions. Statewide and countywide data cannot possibly tell us the whole story, but comparing these overall statistics between counties and over time can direct our attention to critical trends and critical needs. Children s Action Alliance has gathered these statistics together in one place as a reference tool for parents and community leaders across the state, and as a gauge of progress and problems. This Data Book also includes a few personal stories to show the human side of the key benchmarks. May the stories and the data bring Arizonans together to focus attention and action where they can make the most difference in the future for Arizona s economy and families. The Arizona Economy This book includes data from the year 1999 or 2000 and compares them to recent data available for various indicators in 2012 or During that period of time, Arizona s economy experienced dramatic growth followed by the Great Recession and a very slow recovery. The harmful impact of the recession on children is evident in the data. The percentage of children living in poverty and the percentage living in low-income families rose significantly during this time. In 2012, nearly half (49%) of all children in our state lived in low-income families; 12 counties had more than half of KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 3

4 These trends can point to reforms with major, long-lasting benefits for our state. their children living in low income families. These high statistics tell us that economic struggle shapes the lives of at least half of Arizona s children. Because low family income is linked with so many other risk factors (such as moving frequently to new neighborhoods and new schools, inadequate health care, low education attainment, higher rates of abuse and neglect, and increased levels of stress), kids in these families need both personal support and policy strategies to improve their chances for success. The economic trends and growing unemployment for parents also show up in the spike in participation in two federally funded nutrition programs for needy families: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP formerly known as Food Stamps) and the Women, Infants, and Children program (WIC) for pregnant women and babies and young children. The percentage of children participating in SNAP nearly tripled from 12% in 2000 to one of out every three children in Both of these programs have provided a lifeline for struggling families by reducing childhood hunger and preventing damage to kids health and learning. State Budget Policies The Great Recession created a dramatic drop in state revenues. PAGE 4 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

5 State revenue fell 24% as a share of Arizona s total personal income $64.45 $ Revenue to the state general fund plunged 35% between fiscal year 2007 and fiscal year 2010 from $9.6 billion to $6.3 billion. Although state revenues have slowly risen from this low point in 2010, state policies are keeping the growth small: the temporary sales tax expired in June 2012; new tax cuts have been enacted in each year since 2004; and tax cuts enacted in past years continue to reduce general fund revenues as they phase in over time. The data show that total state revenues are not keeping up with the growth in Arizona s economy. As a share of statewide income, state revenues dropped 24% between 2000 and State spending policies have followed this downward trend. Total state funding per K-12 student dropped 8% between 2000 and 2013, despite widespread consensus and new state laws raising expectations for students, schools, and teachers. Budget cuts also froze many children out of key services, such as Temporary Assistance to Needy Families and child care vouchers. As a result, the percentage of children participating in these services dropped just as the need expanded. Signs of Progress Trends in three data indicators show great progress that can build a better future for many Arizona children. The percentage of babies born to mothers without a high school education dropped in half from 30% to 15% between 2000 and This change means that fewer children will grow up facing the extreme obstacles and risks resulting from the low education and earnings of their moms. Arizona should work to continue this downward trend while also focusing policy attention on improving the education of the moms and children in this category. The rate of high school students graduating in four years rose from 71% to 77% statewide and improved for every racial and ethnic group. A 77% graduation rate statewide and 70% and below for Latino, Black and American Indian students is clearly not high enough for a 21st century workforce. However, the positive trend shows that leadership and targeted strategies and resources can continue our progress. The rate of juveniles arrested for violent crimes was only 3.3 per 1,000 youth aged 8 to 17 in This rate dropped by almost half in 2013 with only 1,606 arrests for violent crimes throughout the state. The drop in violent youth crime in Arizona mirrors the national trend; arrests of youth for violent crime fell K-12 Funding per Student (Total state funding) $5000 $4250 $3500 $2750 $2000 $3,290 $3, Source: Joint Legislative Budget Committee Staff, K-12 Funding All Funding, published 1/27/2009 and 8/30/2013. Adjusted for inflation using Bureau of Economic Analysis, Table Price Indexes for Gross Domestic Product revised 2/28/14. to a 32-year low nationwide in This reduction in violence allows Arizona to create policies that are smart on crime with resources and strategies focused on effective community-based services that keep struggling youth out of trouble. Warning Signs Trends in three particular data indicators are flashing red signs of trouble ahead for more children in our state. The percentage of children living in married couple families dropped from 71% in 2000 to 63% in 2012 fewer than two out of three children. (These statistics are imperfect because they do not count parents who are raising their children together and are not legally married -- but the trend is still apparent.) Research shows that children benefit greatly from having two parents and other adults in their 2013 KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 5

6 lives providing care and nurturing as well as financial support. Our state policies should pay extra attention to families headed by single moms, because they often lack the financial and human resources children need to be safe and successful. Arizona stands out across the nation with an alarmingly large increase in the number of children living in foster care due to abuse or neglect. The rate grew by 90% between 2000 and In 2014 more than 15,500 children lived in foster care enough children to fill every seat in Arizona Veteran s Memorial Coliseum and still leave hundreds of babies and children sitting in the aisles. These statistics reflect growing and unmanageable stress on families, the destruction of the safety net to help families before they are in crisis, and the lack of effective child welfare policies to keep children safely at home. The consequences include huge expense to taxpayers, an overwhelmed and unsustainable child protective services system, and painful trauma for thousands of children. Arizonans will bear the effects for many years to come, as children who have experienced foster care are far more likely to fail in school, become homeless, and suffer with poor mental and physical health. The third alarming trend is the drop in preschool participation for three and four year old children. Statewide, only one out of three (34%) children participate in any type of preschool, ranking Arizona 49th in the nation. Research supports what parents and teachers have known for years: children without preschool start Kindergarten already behind their peers and it is nearly impossible to ever catch up. For poor children in particular, quality preschool dramatically improves future success in school and in work. Focused attention on expanding access to quality preschool can move the needle on many indicators for Arizona s kids. These three alarming trends can point Arizona community leaders and policymakers to reforms that will have major, long-lasting benefits for our state. PAGE 6 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

7 ARIZONA Demographics % of population under 18 27% 25% % of population under 6 9% 8% Population under 18 1,362, ,620, Population under 6 456, , Birth Rate (per 1,000) Percent of population under 18, by race = 2000 = 2012 *Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the total in this category is more than 100%. 4% 5% Black 7% 6% 2% 2% 36% 43% 50% 42% 5% 6% 17% 9% American Asian Latino White Two or more Some Indian (any race)* (non Latino) races other race Percent of population under 18 living in poverty, by race = 1999 = % 30% 43% 44% 11% 12% 29% 34% 9% 13% 19% 19% 30% 34% Black American Indian Asian Latino (any race)* White (non Latino) Two or more races Some other race 1,620,894 Number of children under 18 in Arizona in 2012 KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 7

8 ARIZONA Family Characteristics N/A * 29 % 71 % 63 % 60 % 65 % 11 % 6 % N/A * 4 % Children under 6 with at least one foreign-born parent Children living in married-couple families Children in families where all parents are in the labor force Children 5-17 years old speaking English less than very well Children being raised by their grandparents * Data was not collected in % of children in Arizona live in low-income families Safety Net Access Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. Children participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 1 12% 160,467 33% 527,360 Children participating in TANF Cash Assistance 1 5% 70,302 2% 24,666 1 As of December 31st 2 As of July 2007 and 2013, respectively Children 0-4 years old participating in WIC 26% 98,945 50% 217,830 Children 0-12 years old participating in child care subsidy 7% 84,306 4% 45,182 Children covered by AHCCCS/ KidsCare 2 34% 542,994 41% 666,304 Education benchmarks 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in preschool 40% 34% 3rd graders passing AIMS reading test 68% 57,012 75% 62,979 Arizona 34 % 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in preschool in year graduation rate 71% 40,885 77% 59,208 White 79% 26,223 84% 28,985 Hispanic/Latino 59% 9,853 70% 21,449 American Indian 56% 2,218 65% 2,849 Black 68% 1,605 71% 3,235 Asian 84% 1,008 87% 1, year olds not enrolled in school and not working 12% 11% United States 48 % 3- and 4-year-olds enrolled in preschool in 2012 PAGE 8 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

9 ARIZONA RISK FACTORS Risk Factors Percentage of children living in poverty Percentage of children below 200% of the federal poverty level 50% 50% 30% 19% 24% 30% 44% 49% 10% % Percentage of births to mothers without a high school education Percentage of children without health insurance (2012) 50% 30% 10% 30% % % 12% 9% 6% 3% 0% 8% U.S. 13% Arizona Children in foster care (Rate per 1,000 under 18 years old.) Juveniles arrested for a violent crime (Rate per 1, year olds) KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 9

10 Number of children under 18, by county Apache 26,675 22,649 Cochise 30,894 29,555 Coconino 33,335 30,664 Gila 12,903 11,109 Graham 10,078 10,396 Greenlee 2,721 2,523 La Paz 4,133 3,595 Maricopa 825,311 1,011,779 Mohave 35,689 40,235 Navajo 34,617 30,789 Pima 206, ,312 Pinal 44,997 98,431 Santa Cruz 12,900 13,909 Yavapai 35,371 38,528 Yuma 46,094 54,420 Mohave La Paz Yuma Apache... page 11 Cochise... page 12 Coconino... page 13 Gila... page 14 Graham... page 15 Yavapai Maricopa Coconino Pima Pinal Greenlee... page 16 La Paz... page 17 Maricopa... page 18 Mohave... page 19 Navajo... page 20 Gila Santa Cruz Navajo KIDS COUNT Databook County Profiles Graham Apache Cochise Greenlee Pima... page 21 Pinal... page 22 Santa Cruz.. page 23 Yavapai... page 24 Yuma... page 25

11 KIDS COUNT Databook Apache County Highest percentage of children living in poverty Lowest percentage of children living in married couple families Highest percentage of children being raised by their grandparents Highest percentage of total population under 18 years old DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 26,675 22,649 Percent of Population Under 18 38% 31% Number of Population Under 6 7,490 7,303 Percent of Population Under 6 11% 10% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 0.1% 0.1% American Indian 82% 78% Asian 0.1% 0.2% Latino (any race) 1 4% 7% White (non Latino) 13% 14% Two or More Races 2% 2% Some Other Race 2% 1% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 2% 62% 48% 48% 59% 17% 4% N/A 12% 42% 37% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 63% (687) 72% (753) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 19% 19% % (505) 55% (507) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 43% 41% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 72% 72% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 28% (357) 17% (155) Children without Health Insurance N/A 24% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 0.1 (2) 14 (1.1) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 38% 10,194 53% 11,972 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 19% 5, % 54 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 8% % % % 30 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 11

12 KIDS COUNT Databook Cochise County Lowest percentage of children without health insurance in the state Half of all children are living below 200% of the poverty level Second highest 4 year graduation rate DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 30,894 29,555 Percent of Population Under 18 26% 22% Number of Population Under 6 9,462 10,160 Percent of Population Under 6 8% 8% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 5% 4% American Indian 1% 1% Asian 1% 1% Latino (any race) 1 42% 48% White (non Latino) 47% 43% Two or More Races 7% 12% Some Other Race 17% 11% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 25% 70% 64% 60% 61% 9% 8% N/A 6% 34% 33% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 70% (990) 80% (1,275) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 10% 11% % (1,077) 73% (1,078) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 26% 23% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 54% 50% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 26% (460) 14% (244) Children without Health Insurance N/A 9% Reports of Abuse and Neglect 1, Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 2.9 (52) 1.8 (29) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 18% 5,522 35% 10,269 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 7% 2,215 2% 550 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 43% 3,286 54% 4, % 2,201 3% Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. PAGE 12 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

13 KIDS COUNT Databook Coconino County Highest percentage of children living in households where all parents are in the labor force Highest percentage of 3 and 4 year olds enrolled in preschool Second lowest percentage of births to mothers without a high school education Second lowest percentage of children living below 200% of the poverty level DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 33,335 30,664 Percent of Population Under 18 29% 23% Number of Population Under 6 10,284 10,462 Percent of Population Under 6 9% 8% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 1% 1% American Indian 41% 39% Asian 1% 1% Latino (any race) 1 14% 20% White (non Latino) 42% 40% Two or More Races 4% 6% Some Other Race 5% 5% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 11% 68% 57% 64% 71% 9% 3% N/A 9% 48% 46% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 75% (1,109) 74% (1,067) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 9% 8% % (883) 69% (938) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 23% 26% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 47% 49% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 21% (387) 14% (239) Children without Health Insurance N/A 16% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 4.5 (89) 37 (2.2) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 15% 5,057 34% 10,386 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 7% 2, % 74 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 24% 2,068 34% 2, % 1,169 1% Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 13

14 KIDS COUNT Databook Gila County Highest percentage of births to mothers without a high school education Highest percentage of year olds not in school or working Lowest 4 year graduation rate Second lowest percentage of 3rd graders who passed the AIMS reading test Second highest percentage of children without health insurance DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 12,903 11,109 Percent of Population Under 18 25% 21% Number of Population Under 6 3,634 3,718 Percent of Population Under 6 7% 7% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 0.5% 0.3% American Indian 21% 25% Asian 0.3% 0.0% Latino (any race) 1 22% 27% White (non Latino) 55% 48% Two or More Races 3% 5% Some Other Race 9% 5% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 5% 67% 59% 61% 65% 5% 3% N/A 8% 38% 20% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 62% (483) 68% (407) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 15% 20% % (417) 60% (355) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 26% 33% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 58% 60% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 34% (230) 26% (160) Children without Health Insurance N/A 21% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 6.1 (47) 20 (3.2) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 24% 3,108 50% 5,586 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 12% 1,586 4% 455 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 30% % 1, % 900 4% Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. PAGE 14 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

15 KIDS COUNT Databook Graham County Lowest percentage of children in families where all parents are in the labor force Lowest percentage of children who speak English less than Very Well Second highest percentage of 3rd graders who passed the AIMS reading test More than half of all children are living below 200% of the poverty level DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 10,078 10,396 Percent of Population Under 18 30% 28% Number of Population Under 6 3,106 3,696 Percent of Population Under 6 9% 10% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 1% 1% American Indian 22% 17% Asian 0.3% 0.1% Latino (any race) 1 30% 34% White (non Latino) 47% 47% Two or More Races 4% 5% Some Other Race 14% 4% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 5% 67% 61% 57% 54% 2% 2% N/A 5% 38% 31% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 76% (357) 76% (328) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 13% 16% % (348) 80% (414) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 30% 29% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 62% 54% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 23% (106) 19% (102) Children without Health Insurance N/A 17% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 3.8 (22) 1.6 (9) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 19% 1,958 30% 3,169 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 7% 735 2% 255 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 39% % 1, % 848 3% Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 15

16 KIDS COUNT Databook Greenlee County Highest 4 year graduation rate Highest percentage of 3rd graders who passed the AIMS reading test Lowest percentage of births to mothers without a high school education More than half of all children are living below 200% of the poverty level DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 2,721 2,523 Percent of Population Under 18 32% 29% Number of Population Under Percent of Population Under 6 10% 9% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 1% 1% American Indian 2% 2% Asian 0.1% 0.0% Latino (any race) 1 49% 56% White (non Latino) 48% 39% Two or More Races 6% 6% Some Other Race 23% 7% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 10% 77% 61% 55% 61% 3% 3% N/A 5% 36% 40%* 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 93% (135) 89% (101) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 6% 13%* % (124) 87% (104) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 12% 23% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 35% 51% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 19% (21) 13% (15) Children without Health Insurance N/A 20% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 3.9 (6) 0 (0) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 7% % 354 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 3% 72 1% 17 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 24% % % 171 1% 18 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. * Margin of Error Exceeds 10% PAGE 16 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

17 KIDS COUNT Databook La Paz County More than 3 out of every 4 children are living below 200% of the poverty level, the highest percentage among all counties. Smallest percentage of total population under 18 years old Second lowest percentage of children living in married couple families DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 4,133 3,595 Percent of Population Under 18 21% 18% Number of Population Under 6 1,173 1,165 Percent of Population Under 6 6% 6% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 1% 0.2% American Indian 22% 25% Asian 0.2% 0.2% Latino (any race) 1 41% 48% White (non Latino) 37% 28% Two or More Races 6% 3% Some Other Race 15% 24% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 29%* 64% 50% 67% 59% 8% 6% N/A 8% 33% 41%* 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 68% (143) 72% (150) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 12% 8%* % (124) 65% (135) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 29% 35% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 63% 79% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 34% (63) 25% (51) Children without Health Insurance N/A 20% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 1.6 (4) 0.5 (1) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 16% % 1,719 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 8% 334 2% 78 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 1% 9 3% % 165 3% 71 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. * Margin of Error Exceeds 10% KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 17

18 KIDS COUNT Databook Maricopa County Lowest percentage of children being raised by their grandparents Lowest percentage of children living below 200% of poverty level Third highest rate of children with at least one foreign-born parent DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under ,311 1,011,779 Percent of Population Under 18 27% 26% Number of Population Under 6 288, ,594 Percent of Population Under 6 9% 8% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 5% 6% American Indian 2% 2% Asian 2% 3% Latino (any race) 1 36% 43% White (non Latino) 53% 43% Two or More Races 5% 5% Some Other Race 17% 8% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 33% 72% 65% 60% 65% 11% 7% N/A 4% 40% 34% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 72% (23,867) 79% (38,824) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 12% 10% % (36,595) 77% (41,984) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 16% 23% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 39% 46% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 31% (16,795) 19% (10,531) Children without Health Insurance N/A 13% Reports of Abuse and Neglect 18,262 26,066 Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 2.9 (1,288) 1.8 (1,021) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 8% 69,170 30% 308,459 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 4% 32,135 2% 15,473 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 23% 55,703 50% 136, % 46,655 4% 26,789 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. PAGE 18 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

19 KIDS COUNT Databook Mohave County Second lowest birth rate Second highest increase in percentage of children living in poverty More than half of all children living below 200% of the poverty level DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 35,689 40,235 Percent of Population Under 18 23% 20% Number of Population Under 6 11,369 12,696 Percent of Population Under 6 7% 6% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 1% 1% American Indian 4% 2% Asian 1% 1% Latino (any race) 1 19% 26% White (non Latino) 74% 69% Two or More Races 4% 8% Some Other Race 7% 3% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 15% 68% 63% 64% 66% 4% 3% N/A 5% 37% 34% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 67% (1,064) 76% (1,349) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 16% 13% % (1,462) 79% (1,492) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 21% 30% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 53% 60% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 31% (5490) 21% (373) Children without Health Insurance N/A 16% Reports of Abuse and Neglect 1,140 1,366 Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 3.7 (76) 1.6 (36) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 19% 6,944 44% 17,630 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 6% 2,089 2% 690 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 46% 4,216 62% 6, % 2,606 4% 1,184 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 19

20 KIDS COUNT Databook Navajo County Second highest percentage of children being raised by their grandparents Second highest percentage of children participating in SNAP (food stamps) Second highest percentage of 3 and 4 year olds enrolled in preschool Second highest birth rate DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 34,617 30,789 Percent of Population Under 18 36% 29% Number of Population Under 6 9,885 10,105 Percent of Population Under 6 10% 9% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 1% 0.4% American Indian 57% 51% Asian 0.2% 0.4% Latino (any race) 1 9% 14% White (non Latino) 32% 35% Two or More Races 3% 7% Some Other Race 3% 4% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 6% 66% 54% 53% 59% 13% 6% N/A 12% 44% 43% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 72% (1,350) 77% (1,199) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 16% 20% % (963) 72% (976) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 37% 37% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 66% 65% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 28% (474) 21% (341) Children without Health Insurance N/A 14% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 4.3 (90) 1.9 (32) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 26% 9,142 51% 15,661 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 13% 4,536 1% 402 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 18% 1,452 27% 2, % 1,198 2% Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. PAGE 20 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

21 KIDS COUNT Databook Pima County Second highest percentage of children in families where all parents are in the labor force Second lowest 4 year graduation rate Second lowest percentage of children without health insurance More than half of all children are living below 200% of the poverty level DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under , ,312 Percent of Population Under 18 25% 22% Number of Population Under 6 66,673 73,503 Percent of Population Under 6 8% 7% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 4% 5% American Indian 5% 4% Asian 2% 2% Latino (any race) 1 43% 52% White (non Latino) 46% 37% Two or More Races 6% 6% Some Other Race 20% 12% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 26% 68% 61% 62% 68% 9% 5% N/A 5% 43% 36% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 67% (6,175) 72% (8,120) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 10% 9% % (8,139) 75% (8,616) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 20% 26% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 46% 51% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 26% (3,260) 17% (1,999) Children without Health Insurance N/A 11% Reports of Abuse and Neglect 5,922 8,057 Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 3.7 (430) 1.4 (178) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 13% 27,132 41% 74,817 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 6% 11,874 2% 3,869 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 25% 13,981 46% 28, % 18,589 7% 10,816 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 21

22 KIDS COUNT Databook Pinal County Only county to have increase in the percentage of children under 18 years old from 2000 to 2012 Only county to have increase in the percentage of children living in married couple families between 2000 and 2012 Had highest drop in percentage of births to mothers without a high school education DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 44,997 98,431 Percent of Population Under 18 25% 25% Number of Population Under 6 14,472 33,038 Percent of Population Under 6 8% 9% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 3% 5% American Indian 12% 6% Asian 1% 1% Latino (any race) 1 42% 39% White (non Latino) 42% 44% Two or More Races 5% 6% Some Other Race 21% 10% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 16% 64% 65% 59% 62% 8% 3% N/A 5% 36% 28% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 71% (1,203) 73% (2,203) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 19% 13% % (2,813) 71% (2,849) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 26% 21% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 55% 51% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 35% (920) 18% (847) Children without Health Insurance N/A 12% Reports of Abuse and Neglect 933 2,971 Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 4.8 (121) 1.8 (98) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 17% 7,755 29% 28,216 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 8% 3,410 2% 1,489 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 43% 5,159 50% 13, % 18,589 7% 10,816 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. PAGE 22 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

23 KIDS COUNT Databook Santa Cruz County Highest percentage of children with at least one foreign born parent Highest percentage of children who speak English less than Very Well Largest increase in the percentage of households with children in families where all parents are in the labor force Lowest percentage of 3 and 4 year olds enrolled in preschool Second highest percentage of children living in poverty DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 12,900 13,909 Percent of Population Under 18 34% 29% Number of Population Under 6 3,793 4,326 Percent of Population Under 6 10% 9% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 0.4% 0.5% American Indian 1% 0.3% Asian 0.5% 0.7% Latino (any race) 1 90% 95% White (non Latino) 9% 6% Two or More Races 3% 3% Some Other Race 23% 28% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 49%* 73% 64% 45% 62% 34% 16% N/A 5% 36% 18% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 78% (524) 79% (582) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 14% 7% % (528) 74% (556) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 30% 38% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 63% 63% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 31% (249) 25% (167) Children without Health Insurance N/A 17% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 2.6 (19) 1.6 (13) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 17% 2,159 45% 6,272 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 5% 662 1% 200 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 47% 1,503 81% 2, % 515 2% Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. *Margin of Error Exceeds 10% KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 23

24 KIDS COUNT Databook Yavapai County Highest percentage of children living in married couple families Highest increase in percentage of children participating in SNAP (food stamps) between 2000 and 2013 Second lowest child poverty rate Lowest birth rate DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 35,371 38,528 Percent of Population Under 18 21% 18% Number of Population Under 6 10,261 11,652 Percent of Population Under 6 6% 5% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 1% 1% American Indian 3% 3% Asian 1% 1% Latino (any race) 1 17% 28% White (non Latino) 77% 70% Two or More Races 4% 6% Some Other Race 6% 4% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 17% 74% 65% 62% 68% 4% 4% N/A 5% 42% 30% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 68% (1,298) 79% (1,576) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 9% 11% % (1,540) 80% (1,581) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 17% 22% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 48% 51% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 30% (519) 19% (338) Children without Health Insurance N/A 17% Reports of Abuse and Neglect 1,485 1,281 Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 5.8 (124) 2.7 (62) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 8% 2,819 29% 11,198 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 3% 1,044 1% 381 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 37% 3,183 55% 5, % 1,824 3% Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. PAGE 24 KIDS COUNT DATABOOK

25 KIDS COUNT Databook Yuma County Highest birth rate Second highest percentage of children with at least one foreign born parent Second highest percentage of children who English less than Very Well Second lowest percentage of children being raised by their grandparents DEMOGRAPHICS Number of Population Under 18 46,094 54,420 Percent of Population Under 18 29% 27% Number of Population Under 6 15,200 18,113 Percent of Population Under 6 9% 9% Percent of Population Under 18 by Race Black 2% 2% American Indian 2% 1% Asian 1% 1% Latino (any race) 1 70% 78% White (non Latino) 24% 18% Two or More Races 5% 4% Some Other Race 33% 22% Birth Rate (births per 1,000 people) FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS Children Under 6 with at Least One Foreign Born Parent Children Living in Married Couple Families Children in Families Where All Parents are in the Labor Force Children 5-17 Years Old Speaking English Less Than Very Well Children Being Raised by Their Grandparents EDUCATION BENCHMARKS 3 and 4 Year Olds Enrolled in Preschool N/A 43% 74% 61% 54% 65% 25% 14% N/A 4% 32% 39% 4 Year Graduation Rate (#) 77% (1,516) 75% (2,138) Year Olds Not Enrolled in School and Not Working 3rd Graders Passing AIMS Reading Test (#) 13% 13% % (1,656) 68% (1,892) RISK FACTORS Children Living in Poverty 28% 30% Children Living Below 200% of the Poverty Level 61% 64% Births to Mothers without a High School Education (#) 39% (1,181) 24% (735) Children without Health Insurance N/A 17% Reports of Abuse and Neglect Juveniles Arrested for a Violent Crime (#) rate per 1, year olds 3.7 (93) 1.9 (56) SAFETY NET ACCESS Data does not include children receiving assistance through Tribal authorities. % # % # Children Participating in SNAP (Food Stamps) 2 19% 8,555 40% 21,652 Children Participating in TANF Cash Assistance 2 5% 2,328 1% 679 Children 0-4 Years Old Participating in WIC Children 0-12 Years Old Participating in Child Care Subsidy 47% 5,846 73% 11, % 3,526 3% 1,093 1 Since each person must choose whether or not they are Hispanic/ Latino (considered an ethnicity by the Census Bureau), in addition to choosing a Race, the percentages in this category total more than 100%. 2 As of December 31st. KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 25

26 The stories behind the data Demographics...page 27 Family Characteristics...page 29 Risk Factors...page 35 Safety Net Access...page 44 Education Benchmarks...page 49

27 Arizona KIDS COUNT Databook Demographics Nearly Half of Young Children in Arizona are Latino Arizona % Under 5 43% Under 18 10% 65 and older Latino Children Far Less Likely to Participate in Preschool 50% Arizona 40% U.S. 30% 20% 10% 0% Non-Hispanic White American Indian Hispanic or Latino Arizona is on the leading edge of demographic changes around the nation. Our child population looks very different than the population of seniors 65 and older. In 2009 Arizona became one of the first states where Latino children made up the largest proportion of the child population. The Fall of 2011 marked the first time more Latino children enrolled in Arizona K-12 public schools than non-white Latinos. It is clear that conditions and opportunities for Latino children growing up in Arizona today will shape the future for Arizona s families, workforce and economy. The conditions for many Arizona children put them at high risk compared to children around the nation and overall conditions for Latino children show even higher risk. Historically, Latino children in Arizona experience much higher rates of poverty than Race for Results Index on Conditions for Success African American Latino White Asian & Pacific Islander American Indian white children. Growing up poor can severely limit access to good health and education and safe and stable neighborhoods. This builds more barriers to educational success and stable family incomes. Data throughout this report show that Arizona s policies during the past dozen years have disinvested in our public education system and weakened other systems that could help children thrive. Disparities in education show up early. Participation in preschool is extremely low for Arizona children United States Arizona and even lower for Latino children. As a result, many Latino children are already behind their peers when they start Kindergarten and some never catch up. Focused effort can expand opportunities for quality early education. Through public and community action, we can expand preschool participation and move the needle on our state s educational and economic future. This year, the Annie E. Casey Foundation released a new Race for Results index based on 12 indicators that measure a child s KIDS COUNT DATA BOOK PAGE 27

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