MiniPosters. LES 1 Shopping at the Coop


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1 MiniPosters LES 1 Shopping at the Coop Application Situation 1 p. 1 Application Situation 2 p. 48 Application Situation 3 p. 53 Application Situation 4 p. 54
2 Table of Contents APPLICATION SITUATION 1 3 Digits 3 Digits P38 What is a Whole Number? P1 4 Digits 1 Digit P39 Even and Odd Numbers P2 4 Digits 2 Digits P40 Place Value Table Whole Numbers P3 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder Place Value of Whole Numbers P4 2 Digits 1 Digit P41 Insignificant Zero Whole Numbers P5 2 Digits 2 Digits P42 Reading and Writing Whole Numbers P6 3 Digits 1 Digit P43 Expanded Form of Whole Numbers P7 3 Digits 2 Digits P44 Standard Form of Whole Numbers P8 3 Digits 3 Digits P45 Comparing Whole Numbers P9 4 Digits 1 Digit P46 Ordering Whole Numbers P10 4 Digits 2 Digits P47 Rounding Whole Numbers P11 APPLICATION SITUATION 2 Estimating With Whole Numbers P12 Prime and Composite Numbers P48 Addition Vocabulary P13 Prime Factorization P49 Addition Key Words P14 Greatest Common Factor P50 Addition Facts P15 Least Common Multiple P51 Adding Whole Numbers P16 Exponential Form P52 Adding Whole Numbers Regrouping P17 APPLICATION SITUATION 3 Subtraction Vocabulary P18 Order of Operations (BEDMAS) P53 Subtraction Key Words P19 APPLICATION SITUATION 4 Subtraction Facts P20 Parts of a Decimal Number P54 Subtracting Whole Numbers P21 Place Value Table Decimal Numbers P55 Subtracting Whole Numbers Regrouping P22 Place Value of Decimal Numbers P56 Multiplication Vocabulary P23 Insignificant Zero Decimal Numbers P57 Multiplication Key Words P24 Reading and Writing Decimal Numbers P58 Multiplication Facts P25 Standard Form of Decimal Numbers P59 Multiplying Whole Numbers Expanded Form of Decimal Numbers P60 2 Digits 1 Digit P26 Comparing Decimal Numbers P61 2 Digits 2 Digits P27 Ordering Decimal Numbers P62 3 Digits 1 Digits P28 Rounding Decimal Numbers P63 3 Digits 2 Digits P29 Estimating With Decimal Numbers P64 3 Digits 3 Digits P30 Adding Decimal Numbers P65 Division Vocabulary P31 Subtracting Decimal Numbers P66 Division Key Words P32 Multiplying Decimal Numbers By Factors of 10 P67 Division Facts P33 Multiplying Decimal Numbers P68 Dividing Whole Numbers Dividing Decimal Numbers P69 2 Digits 1 Digit P34 Showing Remainder as a Decimal Number Quotient 2 Digits 2 Digits P35 Dividing Decimal Numbers By a Whole Number P70 3 Digits 1 Digit P36 Dividing Decimal Numbers By Factors of 10 P71 3 Digits 2 Digits P37 Dividing Decimal Numbers P72
3 What is a Whole Number? Whole Numbers Examples Greater than or equal to Whole Numbers 19 0 Not Whole Numbers P1
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5 Even and Odd Numbers Even Can be evenly divided by 2. Odd Cannot be evenly divided by 2. Examples Even Odd P2
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7 Place Value Table Whole Numbers BILLIONS MILLIONS THOUSANDS ONES ( ) ( ) (1 000) (1) Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundred Billions Ten Billions Billions Hundred Millions Ten Millions Millions Hundred Ten Thousands Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones (HB) (TB) (B) (HM) (TM) (M) (HTH) (TTH) (TH) (H) (T) (O) P3
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9 Place Value of Whole Numbers Billions Millions Thousands Ones Ones Tens Hundreds Thousands Ten Thousands Hundred Thousands Millions Ten Millions Hundred Millions Billions Ten Billions Fourteen billion three hundred two million seven hundred twentysix thousand nine hundred fiftyfive P4
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11 Insignificant Zero Whole Numbers A zero at the beginning of a whole number doesn t count. Example and THOUSANDS (1 000) ONES (1) THOUSANDS (1 000) ONES (1) Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundred Thousands Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundred Thousands Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones (HTH) (TTH) (TH) (H) (T) (O) = (HTH) (TTH) (TH) (H) (T) (O) P5
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13 Reading and Writing Whole Numbers MILLIONS ( ) THOUSANDS (1 000) ONES (1) Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundred Millions Ten Millions Millions Hundred Thousands Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones To READ (HM) (TM) (M) (HTH) (TTH) (TH) (H) (T) (O) Say the number in the largest period. One hundred fortysix 2. Say the name of the largest period. million 3. Say the number in the second largest period. two hundred fiftyfour 4. Say the name of the second largest period. thousand 5. Say the number in the next largest period. nine hundred thirtyseven To WRITE Insert a space between the place value periods One hundred fortysix million two hundred fiftyfour thousand nine hundred thirtyseven P6
14
15 Expanded Form of Whole Numbers Five Thousands + Seven Hundreds + Zero Tens + Two Ones P7
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17 Standard Form of Whole Numbers Sixty Ten Thousands + Three Thousands + Nine Hundreds + Seven Tens + Two Ones P8
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19 Comparing Whole Numbers < = > Less than Equal Greater than 3 < 8 8 = 8 8 > 3 P9
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21 Ordering Whole Numbers Increasing Order From the smallest to the largest Example: 6, 14, 379, 464, Decreasing Order From the largest to the smallest Example: 8 312, 464, 379, 14, 6 P10
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23 Rounding Whole Numbers 5 round up Greater than or equal < 5 round down Examples Less than Round to the nearest ten Round to the nearest hundred Round to the nearest thousand P11
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25 Estimating With Whole Numbers Find an Approximate Value Example: =? Exact Value Approximate Value Approximate Total: = Exact Total: = P12
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27 Addition Vocabulary 2 13 Addend 19 Addend 27 Addend + 4 Addend 63 Sum P13
28
29 Addition Key Words Symbol + Plus Sum And Total Combined Increased by Together Add Both In all Altogether P14
30
31 Addition Facts = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 24 P15
32
33 Adding Whole Numbers =? = 29 P16
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35 Adding Whole Numbers Regrouping =? = 521 P17
36
37 Subtraction Vocabulary 50 Minuend 20 Subtrahend 30 Difference P18
38
39 Subtraction Key Words Symbol Difference Take away Left over Less than Fewer Minus Decreased Reduced Fewer than Remains How many more P19
40
41 Subtraction Facts = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0 P20
42
43 Subtracting Whole Numbers =? = 211 P21
44
45 Subtracting Whole Numbers Regrouping =? = 181 P22
46
47 Multiplication Vocabulary 9 Factor 8 Factor 72 Product P23
48
49 Multiplication Key Words Symbol Times Product Multiplied by Factor Doubled, tripled, etc. P24
50
51 Multiplication Facts = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 144 P25
52
53 Multiplying Whole Numbers 2 Digits 1 Digit 23 6 =? = 138 P26
54
55 Multiplying Whole Numbers 2 Digits 2 Digits =? = P27
56
57 Multiplying Whole Numbers 3 Digits 1 Digit =? = P28
58
59 Multiplying Whole Numbers 3 Digits 2 Digits =? = P29
60
61 Multiplying Whole Numbers 3 Digits 3 Digits =? = P30
62
63 Division Vocabulary Divisor 4 45 Quotient 180 Dividend 1 6 X R Remainder P31
64
65 Division Key Words Symbol Split Cut Equal parts Quotient Divided by Out of Per Halved Ratio Fraction Average P32
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67 Division Facts = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 0 P33
68
69 Dividing Whole Numbers 2 Digits 1 Digit 84 6 =? X = 14 P34
70
71 Dividing Whole Numbers 2 Digits 2 Digits =? = 8 P35
72
73 Dividing Whole Numbers 3 Digits 1 Digit =? X = 53 P36
74
75 Dividing Whole Numbers 3 Digits 2 Digits =? X = 26 P37
76
77 Dividing Whole Numbers 3 Digits 3 Digits =? = 2 P38
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79 Dividing Whole Numbers 4 Digits 1 Digit =? X X X = P39
80
81 Dividing Whole Numbers 4 Digits 2 Digits =? X = 73 P40
82
83 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder 2 Digits 1 Digit 27 4 =? R 27 4 = 6 with 3R P41
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85 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder 2 Digits 2 Digits =? R = 2 with 4R P42
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87 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder 3 Digits 1 Digit =? X X R = 156 with 3R P43
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89 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder 3 Digits 2 Digits =? R = 2 with 23R P44
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91 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder 3 Digits 3 Digits =? R = 8 with 37R P45
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93 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder 4 Digits 1 Digit =? X X R = 513 with 2R P46
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95 Dividing Whole Numbers Remainder 4 Digits 2 Digits =? X X R = 139 with 31R P47
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97 Prime and Composite Numbers Prime Numbers 2 factors: 1 and itself. Composite Numbers More than 2 factors. Examples = = = = = = = = 32 Factors: 1, 23 Factors: 1, 17 Factors: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 Factors: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 P48
98
99 Prime Factorization = 984 P49
100
101 Greatest Common Factor 4, 8, 16 Factors of 4 Factors of 8 Factors of = = 4 Factors: 1, 2, = = 8 Factors: 1, 2, 4, = = =16 Factors: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 Common Factors: 1, 2, 4 Greatest Common Factor: 4 P50
102
103 Least Common Multiple 2, 4, 8 Multiples of 2 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 Multiples of 4 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40 Multiples of 8 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56, 64, 72, 80 Common Multiples: 8, 16 Least Common Multiple: 8 P51
104
105 Exponential Form Base 7 9 Exponent Exponential Form Repeated Factors Standard Form P52
106
107 Order of Operations 1. Brackets 2. Exponents (BEDMAS) 3. Division Multiplication 4. Addition Subtraction Left to right Left to right (12 3) = = = = = 232 P53
108
109 Parts of a Decimal Number Decimal point Greater than or equal to a whole Less than a whole P54
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111 Place Value Table Decimal Numbers MILLIONS ( ) THOUSANDS (1 000) ONES (1) PARTS OF A WHOLE Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths Hundred Millions Tens Millions Millions Hundred Thousands Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths (HM) (TM) (M) (HTH) (TTH) (TH) (H) (T) (O) (t) (h) (th) P55
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113 Place Value of Decimal Numbers Decimal point Thousandths Hundredths Tenths Ones Tens Hundreds Thousands Ten Thousands Hundred Thousands Eight hundred sixtyfive thousand seven hundred ninetythree and four hundred nine thousandths OR Eight hundred sixtyfive thousand seven hundred ninetythree point four zero nine P56
114
115 Insignificant Zero Decimal Numbers A zero at the end of a decimal number doesn t count. Example 36.4 and ONES PARTS OF A WHOLE ONES PARTS OF A WHOLE Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths Thousandths Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths (H) (T) (O) (t) (h) (th) = (H) (T) (O) (t) (h) (th) P57
116
117 Reading and Writing Decimal Numbers THOUSANDS ONES PARTS OF A WHOLE Hundreds Tens Ones Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths Hundred Thousands Ten Thousands Thousands Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths (HTH) (TTH) (TH) (H) (T) (O) (t) (h) (th) To READ Option A To READ Option B To WRITE Sixty three thousand 1. Say the number before the decimal point. one hundred seventy four 2. Say the word point. point 3. Say the digits after the decimal point. eight three five Sixty three thousand 1. Say the number before the decimal point. one hundred seventy four 2. Say the word and. and 3. Say the place value of the number after the decimal point. Follow the rules for writing whole numbers. Group the tenths, hundredths and thousandths. Insert a space between the place value periods. eight hundred thirty five thousandths P58
118
119 Standard Form of Decimal Numbers Seven Hundreds + Two Tens + Three Ones + One Tenth + Nine Hundredths + Four Thousandths P59
120
121 Expanded Form of Decimal Numbers Six Tens + Two Ones + Seven Tenths + Three Hundredths P60
122
123 Comparing Decimal Numbers < = > Less than Equal Greater than 0.25 < = > 0.25 P61
124
125 Ordering Decimal Numbers Increasing Order From the smallest to the largest Example: 0.06, 0.08, 0.7, 0.9, 1.8, 14, 293 Decreasing Order From the largest to the smallest Example: , 1.8, 0.9, 0.7, 0.08, 0.06 P62
126
127 Rounding Decimal Numbers Greater than or equal to Less than 5 round up < 5 round down Examples Round to the nearest tenth Round to the nearest hundredth Round to the nearest thousandth Round to the nearest whole P63
128
129 Estimating With Decimal Numbers Find an Approximate Value Example: $ $ $ $2.15 =? Exact Value Approximate Value $15.10 $15 $14.95 $14 $6.55 $6 $2.15 $2 Approximate Total: $15 + $15 + $7+ $2 = $39 Exact Total: $ $ $ $2.15 = $38.75 P64
130
131 Adding Decimal Numbers =? = 52.1 P65
132
133 Subtracting Decimal Numbers =? = 7.1 P66
134
135 Multiplying Decimal Numbers By Factors of 10 Example 1 Example 2 Example =? =? =? P67
136
137 Multiplying Decimal Numbers =? decimal places 1 decimal place decimal places = P68
138
139 Dividing Decimal Numbers Showing Remainder as a Decimal Number Quotient X X R or X X X = 156 with 3R or = P69
140
141 Dividing Decimal Numbers By a Whole Number =? X X X = P70
142
143 Dividing Decimal Numbers By Factors of 10 Example 1 Example 2 Example =? =? =? P71
144
145 Dividing Decimal Numbers =? X X = 71.6 P72
146
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