ADMINISTRATIVE & TECHNICAL ORGANISATIONS OF INTERNET

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ADMINISTRATIVE & TECHNICAL ORGANISATIONS OF INTERNET"

Transcription

1 ADMINISTRATIVE & TECHNICAL ORGANISATIONS OF INTERNET

2 Internet related organizations and relationship Regulation and Law Government Regulators Law Enforcement Agencies Internet Technical Coordination ASO ICANN IANA ISOC TLGs IPv6 Forum Technical Operation ISPs Network Operator Groups IXPs Vendors Internet Standards Development IETF IAB NRO Forums for High level discussions on Internet governance OECD ITU RIRs IGF APEC CITEL

3

4 Addressing Policy Formulation

5 IP Address Allocation (Est. 2005) (Est. 1993) (Est. 1997) (Est. 2002) (Est. 1992)

6

7 Internet Governance Bodies ICANN : Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers IANA : Internet Assigned Numbers Authorities RIRs : Regional Internet Registries ARIN: American Registry of Internet Numbers RIPE NCC : Reseau IP Europeans Network Coordination Centre APNIC: Asia Pacific Network Information Centre LACNIC : Latin American and Caribbean Network Info. Centre AFRINIC : Africa Region Information Centre NRO : Number Resource Organization IETF : Internet Engineering Task Force IAB : Internet Architecture Board ISOC : Internet Society IGF : Internet Governance Forum

8 Internet Related Organisations ICANN : Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers - A not for profit public benefit corporation, formed in Oversees generic Top Level Domain names as well as operation of DNS Root Servers - Oversees IANA - Publishes Policies, Bylaws, Plans, major Agreements etc.

9 Internet Related Organisations IANA : Internet Assigned Numbers Authorities - Oversee the DNS Root Zone - Allocation & management of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. - Manages AS numbers for Internet routing hierarchy - Allows people to reserve and register port numbers and other assigned numbers related to Internet Protocols.

10 Internet Related Organisations RIRs : Regional Internet Registries - Five Top Level Registries directly below IANA. - IPv4 and IPv6 Address space allocation - AS number allocations - Online information about registration transaction as well as about routing (Internet Routing Registry) - Manages RDNS for addresses assigned by RIR - Maintains policy discussions and publish policy documents.

11 Internet Related Organisations NRO : Number Resource Organization - Formed in 2003 by RIRs - Executive Council consists of CEOs of RIRs - Goal : To protect unallocated number resource pool - Acts as a focal point for Internet Community input into the RIR system - Coordinates & supports joint activities of RIRs - Input to ASO for final decision by ICANN & IANA

12 Internet Related Organisations IETF : Internet Engineering Task Force - Oversees Standardization process of Internet - Maintains Internet Drafts and RFCs - Responsible for identifying operational problems and devising solutions for Internet - Consists of various Working Groups focused on - Applications, Internet protocols, Routing, Network management, Internet protocol next generation, Security etc

13 Internet Related Organisations IAB : Internet Architecture Board - Responsible for architectural oversight of IETF activities, Internet Standards Process Oversight and Appeal - Manages the IETF Protocol parameter registries - Acts as a Committee for IETF as well as Advisory Body of ISOC

14 Internet Related Organisations - A non-profit organization - Formed in 1992 ISOC : Internet Society - Leads Internet related standards, education, policy etc. as well as facilitates and coordinates Internet related initiatives around the world - Acts as Organizational home for IETF, IAB etc.

15 Internet Related Organisations IGF : Internet Governance Forum Established by UN summit of Information Society in 2005 Initial mandate of 5 years extended for further five years in 2010 An open Forum To maximise opportunities, identify emerging trends and address risks and challenges in the Internet environment. Annual summit meet for discussion amongst all the stakeholders.

16 Role of Different Stakeholders Functional Area Tasks Primary Institutional Actor Control of Critical Internet Resources" Setting Internet Standards Central Oversight of Names and Numbers Technical Design of IP Addresses New Top-Level Domain Approval Domain Name Assignment Oversight of Root Zone File IP Address Distribution (allocation/assignment) Management of Root Zone File Autonomous System Number Distribution Operating Internet Root Servers Resolving DNS Queries (Billions per Day) Protocol Number Assignment Designing Core Internet Standards Designing Core Web Standards Establishing Other Communication Standards ICANN, IANA, US DoC IETF ICANN Internet Registrars US DoC/NTIA IANA, RIRs, LIRs, NIRs, ISPs IANA IANA, Regional Internet Registries VeriSign, Cogent, others Registry Operators (VeriSign, others) IANA IETF W3C ITU, IEEE, MPEG, JPEG, ISO, others

17 Role of Different Stakeholders Functional Area Tasks Primary Institutional Actor Facilitating Multilateral Network Interconnection Internet Exchange Point Operators Access and Interconnection Coordination Peering and Transit Agreements to Interconnect Setting Standards for Interconnection (e.g. BGP) Network Management (Quality of Service) Setting End User Access and Usage Policies Regulating Access (e.g. Net Neutrality) Private Network Operators, Content Networks, CDNs IETF Private Network Operators Private Network Operators National Governments/Agencies Securing Network Infrastructure Designing Encryption Standards ISPs, Network Operators, Private End User Networks Standards-Setting Organizations Cybersecurity Governance Cybersecurity Regulation/Enforcement Correcting Software Security Vulnerabilities Software Patch Management Securing Routing, Addressing, DNS Responding to Security Problems National Statutes/Multilateral Agreements Software Companies Private End Users Network Operators, IETF, Registries CERTs/CSIRTs Trust Intermediaries Authenticating Web Sites Certificate Authorities (CAs)

18 THANK YOU

Cluster One B3 Assessment Report

Cluster One B3 Assessment Report This paper is a 'draft working paper' reflecting the preliminary findings of the drafting team. It has been subject to review by all WGIG members, but it does not necessarily present a consensus position

More information

Internet Structure and Organization

Internet Structure and Organization Internet Structure and Organization Resources management and allocation Bernard.Tuy@renater.fr Introduction What s the Internet? Why organizations / bodies are needed? Define protocol specifications Agree

More information

The Internet. On October 24, 1995, the FNC unanimously passed a resolution defining the term Internet.

The Internet. On October 24, 1995, the FNC unanimously passed a resolution defining the term Internet. The Internet Introductory material. An overview lecture that covers Internet related topics, including a definition of the Internet, an overview of its history and growth, and standardization and naming.

More information

The Internet Introductory material.

The Internet Introductory material. The Internet Introductory material. An overview lecture that covers Internet related topics, including a definition of the Internet, an overview of its history and growth, and standardization and naming.

More information

Internet Bodies. Bernard.Tuy@renater.fr

Internet Bodies. Bernard.Tuy@renater.fr Internet Bodies Bernard.Tuy@renater.fr Agenda Names, Acronyms in the Internet IETF organisation IESG, IAB, ISOC ICANN & IANA Standardisation process Standardisation compliance Internet Registries Requesting

More information

Introduction to the Internet Ecosystem. John Curran President & CEO, ARIN. Caribbean IGF - 26 August 2015

Introduction to the Internet Ecosystem. John Curran President & CEO, ARIN. Caribbean IGF - 26 August 2015 Introduction to the Internet Ecosystem John Curran President & CEO, ARIN Caribbean IGF - 26 August 2015 Introduction to the Internet Ecosystem Main actors of the Internet Ecosystem Critical Internet Infrastructure

More information

The Internet: Communities, Collaboration, and Concepts"

The Internet: Communities, Collaboration, and Concepts The Internet: Communities, Collaboration, and Concepts" November 2011! Steve Conte (conte@isoc.org)! Christian O Flaherty (oflaherty@isoc.org)! The Internet Society! What is Internet Collaboration?" Collaboration

More information

The IANA Functions. An Introduction to the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions

The IANA Functions. An Introduction to the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions The IANA Functions An Introduction to the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions Contents SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION 4 SECTION 2: POLICY, STAKEHOLDERS AND STEWARDSHIP IMPLEMENTATION 6 SECTION

More information

The Regional Internet Registries

The Regional Internet Registries The Regional Internet Registries Managing Internet Number Resources www.afrinic.net www.apnic.net www.arin.net www.lacnic.net www.ripe.net www.nro.net Global Coordination A Fair and Stable Platform Whether

More information

Introduction to IP Numbers vs. Domain names. Adiel A. Akplogan CEO, AFRINIC. 2014

Introduction to IP Numbers vs. Domain names. Adiel A. Akplogan CEO, AFRINIC. 2014 Introduction to IP Numbers vs. Domain names Adiel A. Akplogan CEO, AFRINIC. 2014 Identifying an IP address Internet identifiers including information about how to reach a network location (via the Internet

More information

Internet Operations and the RIRs

Internet Operations and the RIRs Internet Operations and the RIRs Overview ARIN and the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) System IP Number Resources, DNS and Routing IP Address Management Whois ARIN and the RIR System About ARIN One of

More information

Regional Internet Registries Overview

Regional Internet Registries Overview Regional Internet Registries Overview Introduction Internet identifiers are coordinated globally, so that each identifier is uniquely assigned to only one party - thus enabling successful and reliable

More information

ICANN, IPv6 and the Root

ICANN, IPv6 and the Root ICANN, IPv6 and the Root John L. Crain Chief Technical Officer Beijing, China April 12, 2007 1 In the beginning... 2 Internet s unique identifiers were coordinated through the Internet Address Naming Authority

More information

NUMBER COMMUNITY PROPOSAL OVERVIEW. LEARN MORE ABOUT THE CRISP TEAM: READ THE FINAL PROPOSAL:

NUMBER COMMUNITY PROPOSAL OVERVIEW. LEARN MORE ABOUT THE CRISP TEAM:  READ THE FINAL PROPOSAL: Version 1.0 27 JULY 2015 NUMBER COMMUNITY PROPOSAL OVERVIEW The Internet Number Community has a long-standing and straightforward operational relationship with IANA. IANA maintains the global pools of

More information

IP Address Management

IP Address Management IP Address Management AfNOG Workshop, 11 May 2001 Accra, Ghana presented by: Anne Lord, APNIC Mirjam Kühne, RIPE NCC Internet Registry (IR) Definitions organisation which allocates, assigns and registers

More information

Introduction to IP Addressing and Regional Internet Registries

Introduction to IP Addressing and Regional Internet Registries Introduction to IP Addressing and Regional Internet Registries Mirjam Kühne Community Builder, RIPE NCC mir@ripe.net Content 2 The RIPE NCC - Who we are and what we do The Regional Internet Registry System

More information

APNIC IPv6 Tutorial. Global IPv6 Summit in China 2008 April 15, 2008 Guangliang Pan

APNIC IPv6 Tutorial. Global IPv6 Summit in China 2008 April 15, 2008 Guangliang Pan APNIC IPv6 Tutorial Global IPv6 Summit in China 2008 April 15, 2008 Guangliang Pan 1 Overview IPv6 addressing - notation and prefixes APNIC IPv6 policy update How to request IPv6 addresses IPv4 address

More information

ARIN IP Address Stewardship

ARIN IP Address Stewardship ARIN IP Address Stewardship 3 February 2011 About ARIN Regional Internet Registry (RIR) Established December 1997 by Internet community 100% community funded ARIN s region includes Canada, many Caribbean

More information

ICANN- INTERNET CORPORATION OF ASSIGNED NAMES & NUMBERS

ICANN- INTERNET CORPORATION OF ASSIGNED NAMES & NUMBERS ICANN- INTERNET CORPORATION OF ASSIGNED NAMES & NUMBERS Prof.Vivekanandan MHRD IP CHAIR PROFESSOR National Academy of Legal Studies Research University (NALSAR) www.nalsarpro.org vivekvc2001@yahoo.co.in

More information

The Internet Ecosystem

The Internet Ecosystem The Internet Ecosystem 15 October 2010 Internet Society InternetSociety.org info@isoc.org Galerie Jean-Malbuisson, 15 CH-1204 Geneva Switzerland Tel: +41 22 807 1444 Fax: +41 22 807 1445 1775 Wiehle Ave.

More information

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Category: Informational. APNIC D. Conrad Virtualized, LLC August 2013

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Category: Informational. APNIC D. Conrad Virtualized, LLC August 2013 Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments: 7020 Obsoletes: 2050 Category: Informational ISSN: 2070-1721 R. Housley Vigil Security J. Curran ARIN G. Huston APNIC D. Conrad Virtualized,

More information

Multi-Stakeholder Model Internet Governance

Multi-Stakeholder Model Internet Governance Multi-Stakeholder Model Internet Governance Sébastien Bachollet ICANN Board of Directors Odessa, Ukraine, 22-23 May 2012 1 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa 2012 2 The Internet Technology developed since

More information

Topic 1: Internet Architecture & Addressing

Topic 1: Internet Architecture & Addressing Topic 1: Internet Architecture & Addressing Objectives Understand the general architecture of Internet Identify the main actors in the Internet architecture Identify the main organizations implied in Internet

More information

Introduction to The Internet. ISP/IXP Workshops

Introduction to The Internet. ISP/IXP Workshops Introduction to The Internet ISP/IXP Workshops 1 Introduction to the Internet Topologies and Definitions IP Addressing Internet Hierarchy Gluing it all together 2 Topologies and Definitions What does all

More information

INTERNET ORGANIZATION OVERVIEW OF THE INTERNET'S ORGANIZATION AND MAIN STANDARD BODIES. Internet Organization. Peter R. Egli INDIGOO.COM. indigoo.

INTERNET ORGANIZATION OVERVIEW OF THE INTERNET'S ORGANIZATION AND MAIN STANDARD BODIES. Internet Organization. Peter R. Egli INDIGOO.COM. indigoo. INTERNET ORGANIZATION OVERVIEW OF THE INTERNET'S ORGANIZATION AND MAIN STANDARD BODIES Peter R. Egli INDIGOO.COM 1/17 Contents 1. Internet Organizations 2. Why the Internet is called Inter-Net 3. Internet

More information

Current Counter-measures and Responses by the Domain Name System Community

Current Counter-measures and Responses by the Domain Name System Community Current Counter-measures and Responses by the Domain Name System Community Paul Twomey President and CEO 22 April 2007 APEC-OECD Malware Workshop Manila, The Philippines 1 What we want you to do today

More information

Introduction to The Internet

Introduction to The Internet Introduction to The Internet ISP Workshops Last updated 5 September 2014 1 Introduction to the Internet p Topologies and Definitions p IP Addressing p Internet Hierarchy p Gluing it all together 2 Topologies

More information

GAO Engagement on the Internet Domain Name System Discussion Guide

GAO Engagement on the Internet Domain Name System Discussion Guide GAO Engagement on the Internet Domain Name System Discussion Guide Background on GAO s Engagement GAO has been asked by the Chairs of the House Energy and Commerce Committee and its Communications and

More information

192.0.2.1 192.0.2.119. 2001:0db8:2004:f000:20d:60ff: Continuing cooperation The NRO and Internet Governance. The. Number

192.0.2.1 192.0.2.119. 2001:0db8:2004:f000:20d:60ff: Continuing cooperation The NRO and Internet Governance. The. Number Continuing cooperation The NRO and Internet Governance fc1:1 192.0.2.119 192.0 Resource 01:0db Number 8:371:2:2c0:9ff The 01:0d Organization (NRO) represents db8:112::2 49 the five Regional Internet Registries

More information

IPv6 address allocation

IPv6 address allocation IPv6 Global Unicast Address Assignments [0] [last updated 2008-05-13] Global Unicast Prefix Assignment Date Note --------------------- ---------- ------ ---- 2001:0000::/23 IANA 01 Jul [1] 99 2001:0200::/23

More information

Internet Protocol version 6 Monitory Group

Internet Protocol version 6 Monitory Group Internet Protocol version 6 Monitory Group Annex A Pakistan Telecom Authority Headquarters, F 5/1, Islamabad www.pta.gov.pk 2 IPv6 Monitory Group Foreword Internet Protocol (IP) has emerged as the most

More information

Draft WGIG Issue Paper on the Administration of Internet Names and IP Addresses

Draft WGIG Issue Paper on the Administration of Internet Names and IP Addresses Draft WGIG Issue Paper on the Administration of Internet Names and IP Addresses This paper is a 'draft working paper' reflecting the preliminary findings of the drafting team. It has been subject to review

More information

Understanding ICANN s complexity in a growing and changing Internet

Understanding ICANN s complexity in a growing and changing Internet Understanding ICANN s complexity in a growing and changing Internet Cecilia Testart Technology and Policy Program Massachusetts Institute of Technology ctestart@mit.edu Abstract The ever-increasing relevance

More information

IPv6 Address Planning

IPv6 Address Planning eip604_v1.0 APNIC elearning: IPv6 Address Planning Contact: training@apnic.net Overview Where to Get IPv6 Addresses Addressing Plans ISP Infrastructure Addressing Plans Customer Example Address Plan Addressing

More information

Introduction to IP addressing and Regional Internet Registries. Marco Hogewoning External Relations Officer - Technical Advisor

Introduction to IP addressing and Regional Internet Registries. Marco Hogewoning External Relations Officer - Technical Advisor Introduction to IP addressing and Regional Internet Registries Marco Hogewoning External Relations Officer - Technical Advisor marcoh@ripe.net IETF89 - London, UK - March 2014 About the RIPE NCC 2 One

More information

Law Enforcement and Internet Governance: An Ounce of Prevention Is Worth a Pound of Cure

Law Enforcement and Internet Governance: An Ounce of Prevention Is Worth a Pound of Cure Law Enforcement and Internet Governance: An Ounce of Prevention Is Worth a Pound of Cure Supervisory Special Agent Robert Flaim Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Operational Technology Division Global

More information

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions Background The U.S. Government s Announcement 14 March 2014: U.S. Government announces intent to transition its

More information

Role of ICANN and Global Internet Governance. July 10, 2007. Kelly Hye-Young Kang. Manager of International Affairs

Role of ICANN and Global Internet Governance. July 10, 2007. Kelly Hye-Young Kang. Manager of International Affairs NIDA Role of ICANN and Global Internet Governance July 10, 2007 Kelly Hye-Young Kang Manager of International Affairs National Internet Development Agency of Korea (NIDA) Contents Prologue Birth of ICANN

More information

Understanding and Preparing for the IPv4 Address Exhaustion Issue

Understanding and Preparing for the IPv4 Address Exhaustion Issue 3. Operation Operation Understanding and Preparing for the Address Exhaustion Issue The address exhaustion issue that has been a point of discussion for the past few years has now become a reality. Here

More information

Regional Internet Registries Law Enforcement Cooperation

Regional Internet Registries Law Enforcement Cooperation Regional Internet Registries Law Enforcement Cooperation The INR world Internet Number Resources - IP addresses An internet protocol (IP) address is a numeric identifier that includes information about

More information

Allocation of Remaining IPv4 Addresses: What is a Fair and Equitable Model to the Internet users?

Allocation of Remaining IPv4 Addresses: What is a Fair and Equitable Model to the Internet users? Internet Protocol (IP) Allocation of Remaining IPv4 Addresses: What is a Fair and Equitable Model to the Internet users? Raymond A. Plzak, ARIN President & CEO The Internet Protocol (IP) provides the functions

More information

Internet Technical Governance: Orange s view

Internet Technical Governance: Orange s view Internet Technical Governance: Orange s view 1 Internet Technical Governance: Orange s view With the increasing use of IP technologies in the electronic communication networks and services, Internet Technical

More information

Understanding Internet Focus Institutions [Session 6]

Understanding Internet Focus Institutions [Session 6] Understanding Internet Focus Institutions [Session 6] Theresa Swinehart General Manager, Global Partnerships ICANN ITU Workshop on Internet Governance Geneva, 26-27 February 2004 The Internet Arpa Network

More information

IPv6Program. Expanding the Internet. The IPv4 to IPv6 transition

IPv6Program. Expanding the Internet. The IPv4 to IPv6 transition IPv6Program Expanding the Internet The IPv4 to IPv6 transition IP addresses: critical Internet resources Internet Protocol (IP) addresses are the means by which machines uniquely identify themselves on

More information

Current Counter-measures and Responses by the Domain Name System Community

Current Counter-measures and Responses by the Domain Name System Community Current Counter-measures and Responses by the Domain Name System Community Paul Twomey President and CEO 22 April 2007 APEC-OECD Malware Workshop Manila, The Philippines 1 What I want to do today in 15

More information

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Louis Touton Presentation to the FTAA Joint Public-Private Sector Committee of Experts on the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers 14

More information

IANA Report. Subject: Recognition of AfriNIC as a Regional Internet Registry Date: 6 April 2005

IANA Report. Subject: Recognition of AfriNIC as a Regional Internet Registry Date: 6 April 2005 IANA Report Subject: Recognition of AfriNIC as a Regional Internet Registry Date: 6 April 2005 The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (the IANA), as part of the administrative functions associated with

More information

What's inside the cloud?!

What's inside the cloud?! What's inside the cloud?! Initial Arpanet Initial Arpanet Interface Message Processors - DDP-516 mini-computers - 24 Kbyte of Core memory - Store-and-forward packet switching - Predecessors of present

More information

Domain Names and their Role for the Net

Domain Names and their Role for the Net Domain Names and their Role for the Net Hans Peter Dittler Karlsruhe 2000 H.P. Dittler - BRAINTEC Netzwerk-Consulting 27.6.2002 1 History 1962 first idea 1967 early planning for a real network 1969 ARPANET

More information

RIPE Network Coordination Centre RIPE NCC LIR Tutorial

RIPE Network Coordination Centre RIPE NCC LIR Tutorial RIPE NCC LIR Tutorial Alex Band, RIPE NCC The Internet Registry (IR) system Getting resources RIPE Database 2 What is an LIR? Local Internet Registry - responsible for obtaining, distributing and registering

More information

Update from the RIPE NCC

Update from the RIPE NCC RIPE Network Coordination Centre Update from the RIPE NCC RIPE 59, 5-9 October, Lisbon http://www.ripe.net 1 Member Services - New LIR Setup - Billing Customer Services - Administrative and LIR Portal

More information

Telecom and Internet Regulatory Challenges and Opportunities Names, Numbers, Internet Governance

Telecom and Internet Regulatory Challenges and Opportunities Names, Numbers, Internet Governance Telecom and Internet Regulatory Challenges and Opportunities Names, Numbers, Internet Governance Global Forum ICT & The Future of Internet Bucharest, Romania, 19-20 October 2009 Theresa Swinehart Vice-President

More information

Comments to WGIG on Draft Working Papers Identifying Issues for Internet Governance. Submitted by APNIC http://www.apnic.net

Comments to WGIG on Draft Working Papers Identifying Issues for Internet Governance. Submitted by APNIC http://www.apnic.net Comments to WGIG on Draft Working Papers Identifying Issues for Internet Governance Submitted by APNIC http://www.apnic.net Contact: Paul Wilson, Director General Email: Do you have any

More information

IPv6 Addressing. ISP Training Workshops

IPv6 Addressing. ISP Training Workshops IPv6 Addressing ISP Training Workshops 1 Where to get IPv6 addresses p Your upstream ISP p Africa n AfriNIC http://www.afrinic.net p Asia and the Pacific n APNIC http://www.apnic.net p North America n

More information

K-Root Name Server Operations

K-Root Name Server Operations K-Root Name Server Operations Andrei Robachevsky CTO, RIPE NCC andrei@ripe.net 1 Outline An Overview of the Root Server System Architecture Anycasting k.root-servers.net Server Major milestones K-Anycast

More information

Identify which category of the IANA functions this submission proposes to address: [ ] Names [ X ] Numbers [ ] Protocol Parameters

Identify which category of the IANA functions this submission proposes to address: [ ] Names [ X ] Numbers [ ] Protocol Parameters 0. Proposal type Identify which category of the IANA functions this submission proposes to address: [ ] Names [ X ] Numbers [ ] Protocol Parameters I. Description of Community s Use of IANA Functions This

More information

A PKI for IP Address Space and AS Numbers. Dr. Stephen Kent Chief Scientist - Information Security

A PKI for IP Address Space and AS Numbers. Dr. Stephen Kent Chief Scientist - Information Security A PKI for IP Address Space and AS Numbers Dr. Stephen Kent Chief Scientist - Information Security Presentation Outline Why a PKI? PKI background Address & AS number allocation system The proposed PKI Structure

More information

IPv6 Around the World

IPv6 Around the World IPv6 Around the World IPv6 deployment is increasing its momentum globally, and IPv4 address exhaustion is approaching rapidly. Many parts of the world are engaged in efforts to increase broadband penetration,

More information

Distributed Systems. 22. Naming. 2013 Paul Krzyzanowski. Rutgers University. Fall 2013

Distributed Systems. 22. Naming. 2013 Paul Krzyzanowski. Rutgers University. Fall 2013 Distributed Systems 22. Naming Paul Krzyzanowski Rutgers University Fall 2013 November 21, 2013 2013 Paul Krzyzanowski 1 My 15 MacBook Pro The rightmost computer on my desk Paul s aluminum laptop, but

More information

APNIC 2015 Activity Plan and Budget

APNIC 2015 Activity Plan and Budget APNIC 2015 Activity Plan and Budget APNIC 2015 Activity Plan and Budget Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Notes on the Plan... 4 Executive Summary... 5 Operating Expenditure 2015... 5 APNIC 2015 Activity

More information

IPv6 and IPv4 Update from the RIPE NCC. Sandra Brás, Ferenc Csorba

IPv6 and IPv4 Update from the RIPE NCC. Sandra Brás, Ferenc Csorba IPv6 and IPv4 Update from the RIPE NCC Sandra Brás, Ferenc Csorba RIPE NCC IPv6 Kongress - Frankfurt 22 May 2014 Schedule IPv6 Kongress 2 RIPE/RIPE NCC. Who are we? IPv4 exhaustion IPv4 transfers IPv6

More information

SSAC Report on the IANA Functions Contract

SSAC Report on the IANA Functions Contract SSAC Report on the IANA Functions Contract A Report from the ICANN Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) 10 October 2014 Preface This is a Report to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names

More information

An introduction to IANA Presentation Notes

An introduction to IANA Presentation Notes An introduction to IANA Presentation Notes Date 29 September 2008 Contact Kim Davies, Manager of Root Zone Services kim.davies@icann.org While the Internet is renowned for being a worldwide network free

More information

IPv6: A Guide for Governments.

IPv6: A Guide for Governments. IPv6: A Guide for Governments www.afrinic.net AFRINIC. First published May 2014. www.afrinic.net African Network Information Centre (AFRINIC) 11th Floor, Raffles Tower, Cybercity Ebene, Mauritius t: +230

More information

Who rules the internet? Understanding ICANN

Who rules the internet? Understanding ICANN PANOS MEDIA TOOLKIT ON ICTs No.1 Who rules the internet? Understanding ICANN ICANN (the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers) is the organisation that oversees the system of internet addresses.

More information

Draft WGIG issue paper on Network and Information Security

Draft WGIG issue paper on Network and Information Security Draft WGIG issue paper on Network and Information Security This paper is a 'draft working paper' reflecting the preliminary findings of the drafting team. It has been subject to review by all WGIG members,

More information

Regional Internet Registries. Statistics & Activities. Prepared By APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE NCC

Regional Internet Registries. Statistics & Activities. Prepared By APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE NCC Regional Internet Registries Statistics & Activities Prepared By APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE NCC IPv4 /8 Address Space Status Experimental 16 6.3% ARIN 16 6.3% LACNIC 1 0.4% APNIC 11 4.3% RIPE NCC 10 3.9%

More information

BT Internet Connect Ireland Annex to the General Service Schedule

BT Internet Connect Ireland Annex to the General Service Schedule 1. DEFINITIONS The following definitions apply, in addition to those in the General Terms and Conditions and the General Service Schedule. Autonomous System means a connected group of one or more IP prefixes

More information

Summary - ENUM functions that maps telephone numbers to Internet based addresses - A description and the possible introduction to Sweden

Summary - ENUM functions that maps telephone numbers to Internet based addresses - A description and the possible introduction to Sweden DATE REFERENCE NO. 30 March 2001 01-9734 Summary - ENUM functions that maps telephone numbers to Internet based addresses - A description and the possible introduction to Sweden AUTHOR Joakim Strålmark

More information

Distributed Systems. 09. Naming. Paul Krzyzanowski. Rutgers University. Fall 2015

Distributed Systems. 09. Naming. Paul Krzyzanowski. Rutgers University. Fall 2015 Distributed Systems 09. Naming Paul Krzyzanowski Rutgers University Fall 2015 October 7, 2015 2014-2015 Paul Krzyzanowski 1 Naming things Naming: map names to objects Helps with using, sharing, and communicating

More information

Before the. Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Communications and Technology United States House of Representatives

Before the. Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Communications and Technology United States House of Representatives Testimony of Fiona M. Alexander Associate Administrator, Office of International Affairs National Telecommunications and Information Administration United States Department of Commerce Before the Committee

More information

What s hot at the RIPE NCC

What s hot at the RIPE NCC What s hot at the RIPE NCC PLNOG6, March 2011 Sandra Brás Trainer, RIPE NCC sbras@ripe.net Hot topics - overview The registry system IPv4 depletion IPv6 policy update Independent resources 2 The five RIRs

More information

In short, IANA is about managing and ensuring the global uniqueness of three types of Internet identifiers:

In short, IANA is about managing and ensuring the global uniqueness of three types of Internet identifiers: The IANA Functions Introduction For the billions of devices and many thousands of networks that make up the Internet to connect with each other, they must agree upon a variety of standards, protocols,

More information

technical Operations Area IP Resource Management

technical Operations Area IP Resource Management IP Resource Management technical The IP Resource management is one of the critical areas of AfriNIC's activities. 27 has shown a great growth in its activity through new members and Resources Allocation/Assignment.

More information

Internet Exchange Points Workshop

Internet Exchange Points Workshop Sofía Silva Berenguer sofia @ lacnic.net Internet Exchange Points Workshop AGENDA How the Internet Works Intro to BGP IPv4 Exhaustion and IPv6 Deployment Internet Exchange Points How to request Internet

More information

NRO NC Report: Ac.vi.es of the ASO AC. Louie Lee ASO Address Council ARIN 32 Phoenix, AZ 10 October 2013

NRO NC Report: Ac.vi.es of the ASO AC. Louie Lee ASO Address Council ARIN 32 Phoenix, AZ 10 October 2013 NRO NC Report: Ac.vi.es of the ASO AC Louie Lee ASO Address Council ARIN 32 Phoenix, AZ 10 October 2013 Agenda About the NRO NC / ASO AC Global Policy & Policy Development Process ASO AC activities Procedure

More information

IANA Functions to cctlds Sofia, Bulgaria September 2008

IANA Functions to cctlds Sofia, Bulgaria September 2008 IANA Functions to cctlds Sofia, Bulgaria September 2008 Kim Davies Internet Assigned Numbers Authority Internet Corporation for Assigned Names & Numbers What is IANA? Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

More information

Internet Governance. Halit Ünver FAW/n, Lehrstuhl für Informatik.

Internet Governance. Halit Ünver FAW/n, Lehrstuhl für Informatik. Internet Governance Halit Ünver FAW/n, Lehrstuhl für Informatik uenver@faw-neu-ulm.de Seite 2 Introduction Internet Governance Issues Seite 3 Introduction Information Society Layers of Responsibility At

More information

The Internet Ecosystem and ICANN!! Steve Sheng @ Stanford University, Center for Information and Society! 29 April 2013!

The Internet Ecosystem and ICANN!! Steve Sheng @ Stanford University, Center for Information and Society! 29 April 2013! The Internet Ecosystem and ICANN!! Steve Sheng @ Stanford University, Center for Information and Society! 29 April 2013! Ecosystem! + A network of interactions among organisms, and between organisms and

More information

SAC075: SSAC Comments to ITU-D on Establishing New Certification Authorities

SAC075: SSAC Comments to ITU-D on Establishing New Certification Authorities 03 December 2015 Subject: SAC075: SSAC Comments to ITU-D on Establishing New Certification Authorities The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Security and Stability Advisory Committee

More information

The root server system. João Damas ISC

The root server system. João Damas ISC The root server system João Damas ISC Overview What is it? How is it setup? The root server operators Response to an evolving Internet Not to confuse Questions What is it? The DNS A tree-like lookup system

More information

Resource Certification. Axel Pawlik RIPE NCC Roundtable, February 2007

Resource Certification. Axel Pawlik RIPE NCC Roundtable, February 2007 Resource Certification Axel Pawlik RIPE NCC Roundtable, February 2007 http://www.ripe.net 1 Overview What are we talking about? - Certification of Numbering Resources Introduction Why are we talking about

More information

The Future of the Internet

The Future of the Internet The Future of the Internet Paul Twomey President and CEO 9 May 2007 IGF Internet Governance Workshop Tokyo, Japan 1 What I want to share with you today Brief introduction to ICANN Personal view of future

More information

K-Root Name Server Operations

K-Root Name Server Operations K-Root Name Server Operations Andrei Robachevsky andrei@ripe.net 1 Outline Root Server System brief update Architecture Current locations Anycast deployment K.root-servers.net Server Major milestones Current

More information

Ref: A. Leon Garcia and I. Widjaja, Communication Networks, 2 nd Ed. McGraw Hill, 2006 Latest update of this lecture was on 16 10 2010

Ref: A. Leon Garcia and I. Widjaja, Communication Networks, 2 nd Ed. McGraw Hill, 2006 Latest update of this lecture was on 16 10 2010 IPv4 Addressing There are several non-profit organizations in the world that have the authority for assigning IP addresses to institutions that need access to the Internet. These organizations are (for

More information

Final. Dr. Paul Twomey President and Chief Executive Officer Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

Final. Dr. Paul Twomey President and Chief Executive Officer Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Final Dr. Paul Twomey President and Chief Executive Officer Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Opening Speech to the Second International Forum Partnership Among State, Business

More information

Kim Davies Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

Kim Davies Internet Assigned Numbers Authority Introducing IANA Baltic Region and Eastern Europe International Seminar The Internet & the post-wsis environment: enhancing dialogue among the stakeholders Riga 2006 Kim Davies Internet Assigned Numbers

More information

Resource Certification

Resource Certification Resource Certification 1 Overview What are we talking about? Certification of Numbering Resources Introduction Why are we talking about it now? (Second) Thoughts The way forward Axel Pawlik. RIPE NCC Regional

More information

How to use the UNIX commands for incident handling. June 12, 2013 Koichiro (Sparky) Komiyama Sam Sasaki JPCERT Coordination Center, Japan

How to use the UNIX commands for incident handling. June 12, 2013 Koichiro (Sparky) Komiyama Sam Sasaki JPCERT Coordination Center, Japan How to use the UNIX commands for incident handling June 12, 2013 Koichiro (Sparky) Komiyama Sam Sasaki JPCERT Coordination Center, Japan Agenda Training Environment Commands for incident handling network

More information

INDIAN REGISTRY FOR INTERNET NAMES AND NUMBERS (IRINN) IRINN Policy Version 1.1 NIXI. Objectives Activities... 3

INDIAN REGISTRY FOR INTERNET NAMES AND NUMBERS (IRINN) IRINN Policy Version 1.1 NIXI. Objectives Activities... 3 INDIAN REGISTRY FOR INTERNET NAMES AND NUMBERS (IRINN) IRINN Policy Version 1.1 NIXI Table of contents: Chapter Pages Objectives... 2 Activities... 3 Internet Resources Management Policy... 4 IRINN Policy

More information

What is AfriNIC, IPv4 exhaustion & IPv6 transition

What is AfriNIC, IPv4 exhaustion & IPv6 transition AfriNIC 2005-2008 What is AfriNIC, IPv4 exhaustion & IPv6 transition The RIR System What is AfriNIC Adiel A. Akplogan CEO, AfriNIC cctld Forum, Paille (MU) March2009 Internet resources Number resources?

More information

Position Description GENERAL MANAGER TECHNICAL OPERATIONS POSITION TITLE DEPARTMENT TBA POSITION HOLDER TBA POSITIONS REPORTING TO POSITION

Position Description GENERAL MANAGER TECHNICAL OPERATIONS POSITION TITLE DEPARTMENT TBA POSITION HOLDER TBA POSITIONS REPORTING TO POSITION Position Description POSITION TITLE GENERAL MANAGER TECHNICAL OPERATIONS DEPARTMENT POSITION HOLDER TBA MANAGER S TITLE PRESIDENT ICANN POSITIONS REPORTING TO POSITION TBA POSITION HOLDER S SIGNATURE MANAGER

More information

ICANN Address Supporting Organization (ASO) MoU

ICANN Address Supporting Organization (ASO) MoU ICANN Address Supporting Organization (ASO) MoU 1. Organization Under this agreement between ICANN and the Number Resource Organization (NRO), the NRO shall fulfill the role, responsibilities and functions

More information

BGP. 1. Internet Routing

BGP. 1. Internet Routing BGP 1. Internet Routing (C) Herbert Haas 2005/03/11 1 Internet Routing Interior Gateway Protocols (IGPs) not suitable for Inter-ISP routing Technical metrics only No policy features Inter-ISP routing is

More information

DNS Root NameServers

DNS Root NameServers DNS Root NameServers An Overview Dr. Farid Farahmand Updated: 9/24/12 Who- is- Who! Over half million networks are connected to the Internet 5 billion users by 2015! Network numbers are managed by ICANN

More information

RIPE NCC Activity Plan 2005

RIPE NCC Activity Plan 2005 RIPE NCC Activity Plan 2005 Table of Contents 1) Vision and Strategy 2) New Activities 2005 3) Established Activities 4) Unforeseen Activities 1) Vision and Strategy The RIPE NCC will strengthen the open,

More information

Combating Spam: Policy, Technical and Industry Approaches

Combating Spam: Policy, Technical and Industry Approaches Combating Spam: Policy, Technical and Industry Approaches INTRODUCTION Spam continues to be a significant problem for Internet users and operators, even as email filtering and blocking efforts by network

More information

INTERNET MANAGEMENT. Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other Technical Functions

INTERNET MANAGEMENT. Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other Technical Functions United States Government Accountability Office Report to Congressional Requesters August 2015 INTERNET MANAGEMENT Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other

More information

OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES IN CYBERSECURITY

OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES IN CYBERSECURITY ASIA-PACIFIC TELECOMMUNITY 5th APT CYBERSECURITY FORUM (CSF-5) 26-28 May 2014, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Document CSF-5/INP-13 19 May 2014 Mr. Adli Wahid, APNIC OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES IN CYBERSECURITY

More information