LAKE ONTARIO WATERSHED LIMIT DOWNTOWN BUFFALO LAKE

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2 LAKE ONTARIO N I A G A R A R I V E R W A T E R S H E D WATERSHED LIMIT DOWNTOWN BUFFALO LAKE 721 Main Street Buffalo, NY tel:

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7 WHO ARE WE? [NATIVE PLANTS] WHAT DO WE MEAN BY NATIVE? WHY SHOULD WE CARE? NATIVE PLANTS AND OUR WATER NATIVE PLANTS IN THE LANDSCAPE EXAMPLE PLANTING PLANS INSPIRATION BN RIVERKEEPER

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10 Erie County Environmental Management Council wnylc.org Western New York Guide to Native Plants for your Garden Printing made possible by these local organizations Western New York Guide to Native Plants for your Garden lessonsfromnature.biz NT A P ER P R DP I LE ON RECY ED C APER PR DP I LE NT BUFFALO NIAGARA RIVERKEEPER Buffalo Niagara RIVERKEEPER Buffalo Niagara RIVERKEEPER 721 Main Street Buffalo New York (716) BUFFALO NIAGARA RIVERKEEPER O N R EC Y ED C

11 Section - 2 Spotted Joe-Pye Weed Perennials Spotted Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium maculatum) Sun Requirements: Full sun to part shade Soil Requirements: Moist to wet soils Natural Habitat: Wet meadows, stream banks and marshes Mature Height: 3-6 feet Wildlife Value: Attracts butterflies and pollinating bees Garden Use: Joe-Pye Weed is a hardy flowering perennial that needs lots of space in the garden. It looks best when planted in groups that show off its spectacular flower and height. Best used behind other shorter plants. This is an excellent plant for a raingarden. Boneset Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum) Sun Requirements: Full sun to part shade Soil Requirements: Moist and wet soils Natural Habitat: Damp woodlands, bogs and meadows Mature Height: 3-6 feet Wildlife Value: Attracts birds and butterflies Garden Use: Boneset is a good choice to mix in with other perennial plants to create color and texture contrast in the garden. Tolerates sandy or clay soils, but needs constant moisture. Used effectively in a raingarden. Blooms in late summer. Queen of the Prairie Queen of the Prairie (Filipendula rubra) Sun Requirements: Full sun to part shade Soil Requirements: Moist soil preferred, drought tolerant Natural Habitat: Wet meadows, low-land woodlands Mature Height: 3-6 feet Wildlife Value: Attracts butterflies Garden Use: A tall and commanding plant, stunning when planted in masses, and effective in the rear border on central location behind shorter plants. Good for raingardens. Blooms with fragrant pink flowers in mid summer. 17 Buffalo Niagara RIVERKEEPER Native Plants for Your Garden Western New York 18

12 WHO ARE WE? NATIVE PLANTS WHAT DO WE MEAN BY [NATIVE PLANTS] WHY SHOULD WE CARE? NATIVE PLANTS AND OUR WATER NATIVE PLANTS IN THE LANDSCAPE EXAMPLE PLANTING PLANS INSPIRATION BN RIVERKEEPER

13 WHAT ARE NATIVE PLANTS? A native plant is a species of plant that has historically grown in a particular area without human introduction. Plants that have evolved over thousands of years in a particular region, adapting to the geography, hydrology and climate of that region. Native plants are primary producers and provide the foundation for healthy ecosystems.

14 [ HYDROLOGY GEOLOGY ]

15 [ CLIMATE ]

16 WHO ARE WE? NATIVE PLANTS WHAT DO WE MEAN BY NATIVE? [ WHY SHOULD WE CARE? NATIVE PLANTS AND OUR WATER NATIVE PLANTS IN THE LANDSCAPE EXAMPLE PLANTING PLANS INSPIRATION [ BN RIVERKEEPER

17 BENEFITS OF NATIVE PLANTS Provide critical habitat and food for wildlife and pollinator species. Native plants play an important role in the sustainability and biodiversity for a healthy watershed. Native plants: reduce water use, reduce pesticide use, reduce maintenance. Cultural identity and pride.

18 FOOD. Native plants are especially important because of the vast numbers of insects they support. INSECTS: 60% Insects and other arthropods provide about 60% of the avian diet 96% 96% of land birds feed insects to their young, no matter what those birds eat as adults. BERRIES FRUITS: 40% The fruits and berries of native plants are provide approximately 40% of the avian diet.

19 PRODUCER PRIMARY CONSUMER SECONDARY CONSUMER TERTIARY CONSUMER

20 PRODUCER PRIMARY CONSUMER SECONDARY CONSUMER TERTIARY CONSUMER?

21 REDUCE, REDUCE, REDUCE: -48% Maintenance costs 1. Life on the Edge: Owning Waterfront Property Wisconsin Lakes Partnership

22 [ WHO ARE WE? NATIVE PLANTS WHAT DO WE MEAN BY NATIVE? WHY SHOULD WE CARE? NATIVE PLANTS & OUR WATER NATIVE PLANTS IN THE LANDSCAPE EXAMPLE PLANTING PLANS INSPIRATION [ BN RIVERKEEPER

23 DIRECT BENEFITS TO WATER SYSTEMS: Native plants: reduce water use, reduce pesticide use, reduce maintenance. Add biological complexity and strengthens food web. Deep root zones add stability to the shoreline and soak up excessive nutrients carried in stormwater runoff. Critical habitat: 90 percent of all lake and river life is born, raised, and fed along the shorelines of water systems.

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26 INDIRECT BENEFITS TO WATER SYSTEMS: Water conservation. Pollinator pathways and habitat corridor. Runoff from your property carry varying amounts of contaminants used in gardens including: Phosphorous and nitrogen in fertilizers Pesticides and insecticides Dyes in mulch Non-native seeds!

27 [ HYDROLOGY GEOLOGY ]

28 [ WHO ARE WE? NATIVE PLANTS WHAT DO WE MEAN BY NATIVE? WHY SHOULD WE CARE? NATIVE PLANTS AND OUR WATER NATIVE PLANTS IN THE LANDSCAPE [ EXAMPLE PLANTING PLANS INSPIRATION BN RIVERKEEPER

29 THIS IS OUR LANDSCAPE:

30 NATIVE PLANTS AND THE LANDOWNER: 40 1,591,845 ACRES ~ % FORESTED NATURAL ALTERED, DEVELOPED Note: Land use calculated from EPA-MRLC coverage data Jan. 1997

Buffalo Niagara RIVERKEEPER

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