1 Unit 9 Marketing Information Management Chapter 28 Marketing Research Chapter 29 Conducting Marketing Research
2 Marketing Chapter Information 28 Systems Marketing Research Section 28.1 Marketing Information Systems Section 28.2 Types, Trends, and Limitations of Marketing Research
3 Marketing Information Systems Key Terms marketing research marketing information system database marketing database Objectives Describe the purpose of marketing research Explain the characteristics and purposes of a marketing information system Identify procedures for gathering information using technology Marketing Essentials Chapter 28, Section 28.1
4 Defining Marketing Research marketing research The process and methods used to gather information, analyze it, and report findings related to marketing goods and services. Marketing research X involves the process and methods used to gather information, analyze it, and report findings related to marketing goods and services. Marketing research is most often used by companies to: Determine consumers attitudes and preferences Test product features Determine market size and growth potential Learn about competitive products Determine buying cycles Understand how the company is perceived by the public Marketing Essentials Chapter 28, Section 28.1
5 Why Is Marketing Research Important? The information obtained from research helps businesses increase sales and profits. Research answers questions about: What products to produce At what price to sell them Who will buy the products How the products will be promoted Research also helps solve marketing problems and gauge the potential of new ideas. Marketing Essentials Chapter 28, Section 28.1
6 Who Uses Marketing Research? Small businesses usually rely on their owners, managers, employees, or hired assistants to do their research. Larger companies have in-house research departments to plan and conduct studies. Trade associations conduct and use research. Nonprofit organizations use customer surveys to get feedback. Marketing Essentials Chapter 28, Section 28.1
7 Marketing Information Systems marketing information system A set of procedures and methods that regularly generates, stores, analyzes, and distributes information for use in making marketing and other business decisions. A marketing information system X is a set of procedures and methods that regularly generates, stores, analyzes, and distributes information for use in making marketing and other business decisions. Marketing Essentials Chapter 28, Section 28.1
8 Marketing Information Systems Data that should be part of a marketing information system include: Customer profile data Company records Competitors records Government data Marketing research reports that are produced and sold by research firms Marketing Essentials Chapter 28, Section 28.1
9 database marketing A process of designing, creating, and managing customer lists that contain information about an individual s characteristics and transactions with a business; also known as customer relationship management (CRM). database A collection of related information about a specific topic. Database Marketing Database marketing X, or customer relationship management (CRM), is the process of designing, creating, and managing customer lists. Once a list is developed, it can be used for locating, selecting, and targeting customers with special programs and services. A database X is a collection of related information about a specific topic. Information about consumers and their buying habits is stored in computer databases. Marketing Essentials Chapter 28, Section 28.1
10 SECTION 28.1 REVIEW
11 SECTION 28.1 REVIEW - click twice to continue -
12 Key Terms quantitative research qualitative research market intelligence media research product research Types, Trends, and Limitations of Marketing Research Objectives Identify the methods of conducting marketing research Discuss trends and limitations in marketing research
13 Factors Involved In Price Planning Study Organizer Use a chart like this one to note the differences between quantitative and qualitative research.
14 Types of Marketing Research quantitative research A type of research that answers questions that start with how many or how much. qualitative research A type of research that focuses on smaller numbers of people (usually fewer than 100) and tries to answer why or how questions. Quantitative research X answers questions that start with how many or how much. It gathers information from large numbers of people, often using surveys or questionnaires. Qualitative research X focuses on smaller numbers of people and focuses on trying to answer questions about why or how. This type of research relies heavily on in-depth interviews. Most marketing research efforts combine both quantitative and qualitative methods.
15 Attitude Research attitude research A type of research designed to obtain information on how people feel about certain products, services, companies, or ideas; also known as opinion research. Attitude research X, also known as opinion research, is designed to obtain information on how people feel about certain products, services, companies, or ideas. Customers are usually asked to rate how satisfied they are with a product or service they purchased or used. Consumer panels, also called focus groups, are groups of people who are questioned to provide information.
16 Market Intelligence market intelligence Information about the size and location of a market, the competition, and the segmentation within the market for a particular product or service. Market intelligence X is concerned with: The size and location of a market The competition The segmentation within the market for a particular product or service Market intelligence helps define potential target markets for a particular product or service and how to reach potential customers.
17 Market Intelligence Sales forecasting is an attempt to estimate the future sales of an existing product. The share that is assigned to a business is called its market share or sales penetration of the market. Based on its findings, the business can try to increase its market share through changes in the product, pricing, promotion, or distribution strategies.
18 Market Intelligence The goal of market share and segmentation studies is to investigate the potential markets for new products and to define characteristics of the target market.
19 Market Intelligence Economic forecasting is an attempt to predict the future economic conditions of a city, region, country, or other part of the world. Several federal agencies collect information on key economic indicators, such as: New building construction Inflation rates Money supply Consumer and producer price indexes This research helps to determine whether to cut costs when unfavorable economic conditions are predicted.
20 Media Research media research A type of research focusing on the issues of media effectiveness, selection, frequency, and ratings; also known as advertising research. Media research X, also known as advertising research, focuses on issues of media effectiveness, selection, frequency, and ratings. Media research studies: Brand awareness Advertising recall Brand image Effectiveness of advertising copy Audience size for a particular type of advertising
21 Media Research Important statistics for media measurement include: Audience the number of homes or people exposed to the advertising medium Frequency the number of times a person sees or hears an ad Reach the percentage of the target audience that will see or hear an ad at least once Ratings the total number of audience impressions delivered over a set period of time
22 Media Research To obtain these measures, businesses often request information from the media of interest to them. In most cases, the information includes a rate card listing the: Advertising costs Circulation or viewership figures Deadline dates Other requirements for submission of an advertisement
23 Media Research To determine the effectiveness of printed media, readers are asked about the extent to which they noticed the ad, remembered it, and associated it with the advertised brand. Readership in print media is measured by surveys or estimated by circulation.
24 Media Research Broadcast media testing is done through a variety of methods like: Personal interviews Theater tests In-home testing Focus groups
25 Media Research The effectiveness of Internet advertising is often measured with tracking studies. Web-centric trackers log the total number of people who have visited a Web site. User-centric trackers involve metering software in a sample household or business that tracks computer usage and Web sites that are visited.
26 Product Research product research The evaluation of product design, package design, product usage, and consumer acceptance of new and existing products. Product research X centers on evaluating: Product design Package design Product usage Consumer acceptance of new and existing products Product research is also conducted to collect information about competitive products.
27 Product Research Concept testing, product positioning, and pricing studies are frequently done with focus groups to get initial consumer reactions to a product or service idea.
28 Trends in Marketing Research The trend toward a global marketplace means increased international competition for U.S. companies, which must improve or change products frequently to hold on to their customers. Research that measures product quality and customer satisfaction has become the fastest growing form of marketing research.
29 Trends in Marketing Research Another trend is the use of both internal and external information in managing a business. Total quality management (TQM) programs place a premium on gathering and using database research in improving business operations.
30 Limitations of Marketing Research The amount of marketing information that is gathered is limited by the amount of money and time a company can afford to spend and by the number of personnel needed to conduct the research. Another limitation is the accuracy of the results. Customers in a test market can say they want a particular product, but there is no guarantee they will actually buy the product when it is sold.
Unit 9 Marketing Information Management Chapter 28 Marketing Research Chapter 29 Conducting Marketing Research Chapter 28 Marketing Research Section 28.1 Marketing Information Systems Section 28.2 Types,
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