GRENADA Agricultural Information Systems

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1 GRENADA Agricultural Information Systems MIOA Caribbean Regional Meeting Kingston, Jamaica March 13 & 14, 2008 by Aaron Francois Senior Planning Officer MoA

2 Overview of the Agricultural Sector Grenada s economy is relatively open with a large rural economy, thus making agriculture a very important economic activity. Agriculture s GDP contribution ranged from 6% to 9% between 1998 and In was estimated to be just over 6% in Direct employment in agriculture accounts for 11.5% of total employment. Unemployment was estimated at 18% in 2005

3 Agricultural exports averaged 55% of total exports between 2002 and It was 38.2% in Nutmeg and mace averaged 37% of agriculture exports between 2002 and It fell to 14.6% in 2006 Fishing contributed 52.8% to agricultural exports in Food imports accounted for 14% to 19% of total imports between 2002 and 2006.

4 Agricultural Sub-sectors (Exports EC$ 000 ) Crop Comments Nutmeg 21, , Replanting has not been sufficiently aggressive, so that low production will continue a long time -Effort on the way to reform the GCNA and GCA Cocoa Many of the fields are in need of rehabilitation. Banana Sector facing high incidence of diseases Moko, Black Sigatoka Fruits & Vegetables Project now being developed to significantly expand the acreage under fruit production Fish 9, , Many young entrepreneurs are investing in the sector Other Growing demand for herbs.

5 MAJOR CONSTRAINTS FACING THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR Limited financial resources for capital expenditure (country s heavily indebted) Weak institutional framework Weak infrastructural support (marketing, irrigation, roads, processing) Low level of private investment Large number of small scale farmers Aging farming population Low level of technical skills including entrepreneurial and marketing skills High cost of labour and other inputs High incidence of praedial larceny

6 Marketing Agricultural Produce An Overview In Grenada three main agricultural agricultural marketing systems are employed: 1.Traditional exports 2. Non-traditional exports 3. Domestic fresh-produce

7 Traditional Export Commodities Nutmegs and Mace and Cocoa beans - The leading export crops - Marketed by the Grenada Cooperative Nutmeg Association (GCNA) and Grenada Cocoa Association. Both has monopoly power to be sole purchaser and exporter - All data on crop are captured through a computerized buying and sales system - Production estimates are based on quantity purchased - Passes records of purchases and sales to the Central Statistical Office (CSO)

8 Bananas Most of the bananas grown are absorbed in the domestic market. Small quantities are exported to the international and regional market. The Marketing and National Importing Board (MNIB) markets both on the domestic and regional market WIBDECO exports to the European market Export data provided by agencies, but there is no organised data collection on production.

9 Nutmegs, Cocoa, Bananas For nutmegs and mace the GCNA has marketing agents in the export markets who provide market information. Sales are also done directly with export buyers GCA sells its cocoa bean directly to buyers. Market information is obtained on the world commodities market WIBDECO the marketing agent for bananas is present in Europe marketing bananas and provide information to suppliers

10 Non-Traditional Export Commodities include tropical fruits such as mango, golden apples, sour-sop, sugar apples, breadfruit, avocadoes and fish In the 1980s and 1990s trade in the commodities with the exception of fish was done by small private exporters. Now it is done mainly by the MNIB Production is very scattered and no organised data collection takes place Production estimation is based on purchases by the MNIB

11 Fish Fresh fish export in the 1980s and early 1990s was handled by Commercial Fisheries (Govt. owned corporation). The Commercial Fisheries has since been privatized and fish export is handled by a number of private exporters. The Fisheries Division of the MOA collects all data on fisheries industry including fish landings and exports and submit to the CSO. Some fresh fish imports are also taking place.

12 Domestic Fresh Produce This category comprise vegetables, food crops, fresh fruits, meats, etc. Trading of these commodities is done by the MNIB and private persons and institutions including farmers groups. It is estimated that the MNIB handles about 20% of the fresh fruit produce Farmers, vendors and supermarkets handle the remaining 80%.

13 Marketing Arrangements Farmers Commodity Boards/Agencies Export Traffickers Market/Roadside Vendors Supermarkets Hotels Consumers Truckers/Airlines/Schooners

14 Marketing Information System No organised market information system exist except for what the commodity boards operate. In the past some initiatives started but were not sustained CAMID, FAO Market Price Information System, GAIS MoA is now undertaking the establishment of an Agricultural Information System to include a Marketing Information System

15 Proposed Agricultural Information System Establishment of an AIS Unit Recruiting of a Statistician, Marketing Officer and AIS Officer Establishing a Frame for conducting surveys Funding provided under SFA 2006

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