Getting to Know Georgia s Regions

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1 Piedmont Region Examine the Piedmont region, then circle the biotic factors you find in this location. turkey sand water tree snake toad soil rock Ridge and Valley Region Look around at the Ridge and Valley region. Can you spot three abiotic factors in this environment? What are they? 3. Briefly explain how the abiotic factors that you found help to determine the biotic factors in this environment. Coastal Plain Region The water that the dinosaurs are shown drinking in The Ruling Dinosaurs gallery is the same water that is on Earth now. Since Earth is a closed system, as a whole, water has neither been added nor lost over time. This is an example of the law of of matter. relativity energy conservation 2008 Fernbank Museum of Natural History. fernbankmuseum.org

2 Locate the gopher tortoise in the Coastal Plain. His burrow, which can be more than 40 feet long, provides shelter to numerous other animal species. These animals benefit from the shelter, but the gopher tortoise is neither harmed nor helped. This relationship is called: mutualism parasitism commensalism Okefenokee Swamp Region Find two examples of adaptations (plant or animal) that would make it easier to live in the Okefenokee Swamp. Explain how the adaptation helps the organism. Using plants and animals that you find in the swamp, create a food chain for this habitat. Plant Plant-eater Meat-eater (Producer) (Consumer) (Consumer) Meat-eater (Consumer) Meat-eater (Consumer) What is the main reason that energy passed up the food chain decreases with each level? photosynthesis entropy excretion 2008 Fernbank Museum of Natural History. fernbankmuseum.org

3 Give two examples of decomposers. Where would they fit in the food chain? Coast and Barrier Islands Region The loggerhead sea turtle has several adaptations to aid life in a marine environment. After each adaptation, explain how it helps the turtle. Flippers: Nictitating membrane (clear eyelid): Flat shell: Using the following organisms from, match them up with their proper designations. Sponge Group of Sponges Coral with various invertebrates living on it Atlantic Ocean Ecosystem Community Organism Biome Population Photos Fernbank Museum unless otherwise noted Fernbank Museum of Natural History. fernbankmuseum.org

4 Answer Key Piedmont Region Examine the Piedmont region, then circle the biotic factors you find in this location. turkey sand water tree snake toad soil rock Ridge and Valley Region Look around at the Ridge and Valley region. Can you spot three abiotic factors in this environment? What are they? 3. sunlight rock, soil, etc. temperature Briefly explain how the abiotic factors that you found help to determine the biotic factors in this environment. T h e a m o u n t o f s u n l i g h t d e t e r m i n e s p l a n t s p e c i e s i n a n a r e a a n d t h u s d e t e r m i n e s t h e f o o d c h a i n. T y p e s o f s plants can grow there or which animals can make burrows. Temperature could affect which species can live there. o i l a f f e c t s w h a t Coastal Plain Region The water that the dinosaurs are shown drinking in The Ruling Dinosaurs gallery is the same water that is on Earth now. Since Earth is a closed system, as a whole, water has neither been added nor lost over time. This is an example of the law of of matter. relativity energy conservation

5 Answer Key Locate the gopher tortoise in the Coastal Plain. His burrow, which can be more than 40 feet long, provides shelter to numerous other animal species. These animals benefit from the shelter, but the gopher tortoise is neither harmed nor helped. This relationship is called: mutualism parasitism commensalism Okefenokee Swamp Region Find two examples of adaptations (plant or animal) that would make it easier to live in the Okefenokee Swamp. Explain how the adaptation helps the organism. cypress tree buttresses hold tree up in water alligator has eyes and nostrils on top of head to hide body under water Using plants and animals that you find in the swamp, create a food chain for this habitat. saw palmetto gopher tortoise diamondback rattlesnake Plant Plant-eater Meat-eater (Producer) (Consumer) (Consumer) great horned owl Meat-eater (Consumer) fox Meat-eater (Consumer) What is the main reason that energy passed up the food chain decreases with each level? photosynthesis entropy excretion

6 Answer Key Give two examples of decomposers. fungi bacteria Where would they fit in the food chain? after the fox, cycling nutrients back in Coast and Barrier Islands Region The loggerhead sea turtle has several adaptations to aid life in a marine environment. After each adaptation, explain how it helps the turtle. Flippers: Nictitating membrane (clear eyelid): Flat shell: swim quickly in the water, escape predators see underwater streamlines the shell, also for swimming faster Using the following organisms from, match them up with their proper designations. Sponge Group of Sponges Coral with various invertebrates living on it Atlantic Ocean Ecosystem Community Organism Biome Population Photos Fernbank Museum unless otherwise noted.

7 Georgia Performance Standards Piedmont Region Examine the Piedmont region, then circle the biotic factors you find in this location. SEV Students will demonstrate an understanding that the Earth is one interconnected system. c. Characterize the components that define a biome. Abiotic factors to include precipitation, temperature and soils. Biotic factors plant and animal adaptations that create success in that biome. Ridge and Valley Region Take a look around the Ridge and Valley mountain region. Can you spot three abiotic factors in this environment? What are they? SEV Students will demonstrate an understanding that the Earth is one interconnected system. c. Characterize the components that define a biome. Abiotic factors to include precipitation, temperature and soils. Biotic factors plant and animal adaptations that create success in that biome. Briefly explain how the abiotic factors that you found help to determine the biotic factors in this environment. SEV Students will demonstrate an understanding that the Earth is one interconnected system. a. Describe how the abiotic components (water, air, and energy) affect the biosphere. SEV3. Students will describe stability and change in ecosystems. d. Explain how biotic and abiotic factors influence populations. Coastal Plain Region The water that the dinosaurs are shown drinking in The Ruling Dinosaur gallery is the same water that is on Earth now. Since Earth is a closed system, as a whole, water has neither been added nor lost over time. This is an example of the law of conservation of matter. SEV Students will investigate the flow of energy and cycling of matter within an ecosystem and relate these phenomena to human society. d. Relate the cycling of matter and the flow of energy to the Laws of Conservation of matter and energy. Identify the role and importance of decomposers in the recycling process. Locate the gopher tortoise in the Coastal Plain. His burrow, which can be more than 40 feet long, provides shelter to numerous other animal species. These animals benefit from the shelter, but the gopher tortoise is neither harmed nor helped. This relationship is called: commensalism. SEV3. Students will describe stability and change in ecosystems. e. Describe interactions between individuals (i.e. mutualism, commensalism, parasitism, predation, and competition).

8 Georgia Performance Standards Okefenokee Swamp Region Find two examples of adaptations (plant or animal) that would make it easier to live in the Okefenokee Swamp. Explain how the adaptation helps the organism. SEV Students will demonstrate an understanding that the Earth is one interconnected system. c. Characterize the components that define a biome. Abiotic factors to include precipitation, temperature and soils. Biotic factors plant and animal adaptations that create success in that biome. Using plants and animals that you find in the swamp, create a food chain for this habitat. What is the main reason that energy passed up the food chain decreases with each level? SEV Students will investigate the flow of energy and cycling of matter within an ecosystem and relate these phenomena to human society. b. Relate energy changes to food chains, food webs, and to trophic levels in a generalized ecosystem, recognizing that entropy is a primary factor in the loss of usable food energy during movement up the trophic levels. Give two examples of decomposers. Where would they fit in the food chain? SEV Students will investigate the flow of energy and cycling of matter within an ecosystem and relate these phenomena to human society. d. Relate the cycling of matter and the flow of energy to the Laws of Conservation of matter and energy. Identify the role and importance of decomposers in the recycling process. Coast and Barrier Islands Region The loggerhead sea turtle has several adaptations to aid life in a marine environment. After each adaptation, explain how it helps the turtle. SEV Students will demonstrate an understanding that the Earth is one interconnected system. c. Characterize the components that define a biome. Abiotic factors to include precipitation, temperature and soils. Biotic factors plant and animal adaptations that create success in that biome. Using the following organisms or systems from, match them up with their proper designations. SEV Students will demonstrate an understanding that the Earth is one interconnected system. b. Recognize and give examples of the hierarchy of the biological entities of the biosphere (organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and biosphere).

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