Trade in Second-Hand Vehicles. Sustainable Transport Africa

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Trade in Second-Hand Vehicles. Sustainable Transport Africa"

Transcription

1 Trade in Second-Hand Vehicles Sustainable Transport Africa Henry Kamau

2 Imported Second-Hand Vehicles (ISVs) International trade in second-hand vehicles has been growing rapidly in the last decade Worldwide flow of used vehicles jumped from 1.2 million units in 1997 to over 4.7 million in 2007 This trade has significant impacts on health, road safety, energy consumption and GHG emissions Exporting countries present a vehicle pricing structure that tends to create a relatively high price for using a second-hand vehicle which generates a supply of vehicles for export The pricing structure is created by environmental, fuel consumption and road safety regulations Importing countries are at an income level where their vehicle stock is still small compared to their population and are mainly low to middle income countries With vehicle ownership growth rates that are either growing fast or poised to do so New vehicle markets in these countries tend to be small to medium in relation to the population Reflects fact that an important part of vehicle demand is not being met by sales of new vehicles

3 International Commerce of light-duty ISVs 1997

4 International Commerce of light-duty ISVs 2007

5 The Used Car Market For a start, the average car has more than one owner over its lifetime the usedcar market is clearly much bigger than the new-car market. Bulgaria, Cyprus, Jamaica, New Zealand and Russia are just some of the many countries where imported used cars account for the lion s share of national car sales. The magnitude of international trade can be appreciated from the fact that: excluding trade with Canada, the US exported approximately one third as many used automobiles as new automobiles in Japan, which is another major exporter of used cars, was estimated to have shipped abroad a record US$1 billion in used vehicles in In many countries there are also major sales opportunities for remanufactured and used motor vehicle parts and components. The market has been estimated at about $60-70 billion in sales worldwide, as people on lower incomes in particular keep their vehicles running for as long as they can to avoid the expense of purchasing another one.

6 New vs Used Car Purchasing Source: McKinsey, IHS, Nielsen Snap shot of traffic congestion in a developing country snows all private vehicles are used imports

7 Regulating Used Imports Other countries use licensing requirements, special tariff rates or other lessinterventionist measures to regulate imports. Countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia, including major players like Brazil, China and India, are the leading users of restrictions in this area. International trade in used motor vehicles is particularly often subject to trade restrictions. According to work by Danilo Pelletiere and Kenneth A. Reinert of George Mason University, only 58 out of 132 countries surveyed have no import restrictions in place. Twenty-one countries ban importation outright and the remaining countries apply a combination of less restrictive measures, such as conditional import bans (usually related to age or other technical requirements) or special taxes and charges.

8 Information for Selected Exporting Countries Source: CTS EMBARQ Mexico, Data from World Development Indicators and national manufacturer association and Transport Ministries.

9 Information for Selected Importing Countries Source: CTS EMBARQ Mexico, Data from World Development Indicators and national manufacturer association and Transport Ministries.

10 Restricting Used Imports Many, predominantly developing, countries also restrict the import of used or remanufactured or rebuilt vehicle parts and tyres. Prohibition is common particularly among Latin American and African countries, although it exists in some Asian and east European countries as well. There are import prohibitions in place, mostly in African countries and in some low-income Asian and Latin American countries, as well as in China Their governments usually cite health and sanitary reasons for these measures Outright bans are rare; instead, most countries demand that the goods in question meet strict technical standards

11 Hazardous Used Vehicles imported to Africa This modern used passenger petrol/gasoline engined vehicle equipped with variable valve timing was manufactured without a Catalytic converter or Anti-Lock Braking (ABS) system

12 Emerging Markets Growth in Vehicle Trade Car purchasing trends in developing countries have changed due to a rapid increase in the rate of Internet and mobile penetration, rising GDP and an emerging middle-class society Some key factors in the growth of these trends include: Internet and mobile penetration Growth of E-commerce in second hand car trading Correlation of GDP and motorization rate Governments in emerging markets are unwilling to restrict affordable used vehicle imports due to the economic benefits to society of increased commuting ability

13 Used Vehicle Imports Driving Rapid Growth in Vehicle Fleets Uganda Vehicle Imports Uganda Vehicle Imports

14 Traffic congestion in Nairobi Despite rapid expansion in Africa s urban road networks, traffic congestion from used vehicle imports continues to outpace available road space

15 Global Vehicle Sales Growth Rates Source: XCOM Africa GmbH Data excluding China

16 E-Commerce Platform 80% of new car and 100% of used car customers begin their shipping experience on-line in developed markets Emerging markets are rapidly catching up to these figures as shown in Google s automotive search queries Auto dealers are no longer the primary source of information especially for customers between 18 and 34 years of age 90% of Consumers in this age group use a mix of OEM and dealer sites, forums, blogs, and social media to gather information and compare prices and offers before making their final decision Increasingly, internet based campaigns can inform and influence used car purchases in developing countries.

17 The Internet s Role in Car Sales Year on year search growth -Automotive Google Search queries

18 GDP per Capita and level of car ownership Countries with greater population density tend to continuously improve on the public transport system and infrastructure, leading to a lower need for private cars and other types of vehicles In emerging markets where the public transport system and infrastructure improvements are growing slowly and safety standards are not being met, there is a greater incentive for people to opt for their own vehicles rather than rely on public transportation Vehicle ownership accelerates rapidly when countries reach US$2,500 per capita until it reaches US$10,000 per capita, according to the IMF, between US$3,300 and US$7,500 is when the growth rate is at its peak IMF recently projected the growth of GDP in emerging markets will be substantially higher than in developed economies in the near future

19 Trend- GDP per Capita & Car Ownership

20 Vehicle Sales Growth 2013 Index numbers, 2005=100 source: XCOM Africa GmbH

21 Passenger cars per 1000 persons Motorization Rates in Africa 350 Motorization in Africa

22 Environmental impact of used car imports GREEN HOUSE GAS EMISSIONS Vehicles that are older than ten years show a fuel efficiency that is significantly lower than the average of new vehicles. Specifically, Light Trucks (which is the preferred segment for ISVs) only have 40% of their initial fuel efficiency after 25 years in use. HARMFUL VEHICLE EMISSIONS In some emerging markets, newer models (until 10 years) represent around 50% of the passenger vehicles and are responsible for less than 15% of total passenger vehicle criteria pollutant emissions.

23 Renewing and maintaining a clean vehicle fleet Entrance barriers to ISVs aim to reduce the absolute number of imports of a category (i.e., all vehicles older than five years) of second-hand vehicles. Most entrance barriers are fast and cheap to implement, and in most cases relatively easy to apply for designated authorities. Well-designed entrance barriers will contribute to a significant reduction of high-emitting or dangerous passenger vehicles. A Scrapping Program Scheme has the objective of providing incentives to promote the early retirement of older vehicles and to replace them with other means of transportation. In this way, scrapping programs help reduce the average age of the national fleet by increasing the vehicle mortality rate and thus accelerating the rate at which the fleet is renewed. I&M ensure that the regulated fleet is well maintained. In order to do so, authorities establish a desired performance standard. I&M programs are normally accompanied by sanctions to incentivize compliance to the standard. A well designed I&M program will significantly contribute to a reduction of high-emitting passenger vehicles and will reduce vehicle exhaust emissions. Additionally, implementation of I&M programs is recommended alongside safety checks. Roadworthiness testing (I&M + road safety checks) represents one of the best ways to improve road safety in developing countries.

24 Road Safety and Emissions Testing in Addis Ababa

25 Policy Actions to ensure a cleaner vehicle fleet Border Inspection: Border inspections, and environmental and safety certificates have significant advantages compared to other policy actions. Entrance barriers focus exclusively on ISV and do not affect the national fleet. Therefore, they are easier to implement and execute. In comparison to an Inspection and Maintenance program or a compulsory vehicle insurance program, entrance barriers need less time, less administration (including enforcement costs) and cause less public attention. Scrapping Program: A scrapping programme is a good complement to entrance barriers. Vehicles that fail border inspections or do not have environmental or safety certificates have a certain amount of time to comply with regulations. If they fail a second time, they are scrapped, thus eliminating the least fuel-efficient and safe vehicles from entering the national fleet. Inspection and Maintenance (I&M): This policy action represents another good complement to border inspections and entrance barriers. If well implemented, such programmes improve maintenance levels of the national fleet, encourage vehicle renewal, reduce emissions, and create jobs. They can however face significant resistance from the public, require specialized equipment, and require stringent enforcement. Compulsory Vehicle Insurance: Compulsory vehicle insurance is important because of the risk created by motorists for other traffic participants, and the danger borne by motorists to their own health and life. This danger of road accidents has to be internalized and compulsory vehicle insurance represents the perfect policy action to do so.

26 Hybrid and Electric Vehicles not marketed in Africa Despite used imports of the Prius coming into Kenya, Toyota s latest Plug-in Hybrid Prius on long term test in Nairobi is not marketed by the local Franchise Dealer Toyota Kenya

27 Battery Electric Two and Three Wheelers With zero tariffs for electric vehicle imports in many African countries, coupled with falling electric vehicle prices and abundance of renewable energy, there is now a focus on supporting this trade

28 Proposed Activities in Developing Countries for Vehicle Emissions Reduction PUBLIC AWARENESS: Greater and effective public awareness on the health impacts of vehicular air pollution will encourage governments to introduce and enforce necessary legislation ELECTRIC VEHICLES: Target achieving minimum EURO IV for in-use vehicles then focus more on encouraging the use of battery electric vehicles particularly for Africa where renewable energy forms the bulk of power generation MODAL SHIFT: Support the introduction and high capacity use of Non- Motorised Transport, Mass Rapid Transport Systems, web based taxi services and car pooling

29

BEG_i-144.qxd 6/10/04 1:46 PM Page 69. Urban Air Pollution

BEG_i-144.qxd 6/10/04 1:46 PM Page 69. Urban Air Pollution BEG_i-144.qxd 6/10/04 1:46 PM Page 69 10 Urban Air Pollution Urbanization is a process of relative growth in a country s urban population accompanied by an even faster increase in the economic, political,

More information

Urbanization and Urban Air Pollution

Urbanization and Urban Air Pollution 10 Urbanization and Urban Air Pollution Urbanization is a process of relative growth in a country s urban population accompanied by an even faster increase in the economic, political, and cultural importance

More information

Oil, Gas & Global Warming

Oil, Gas & Global Warming Oil, Gas & Global Warming Oil is Getting Harder Big established growing market The automobile Tight supply and demand balance Drives oil price upwards Drives efforts to produce hard oil: Deeper water,

More information

Global collaboration. The Sustainable Mobility Project Mobility 2030

Global collaboration. The Sustainable Mobility Project Mobility 2030 Global collaboration The Sustainable Mobility Project Mobility 2030 April 2000 to July 2004 Sustainable mobility / sustainable transportation The ability to meet the needs of society to move freely, gain

More information

Hybrid Electric Vehicles for Fleet Markets Commercial Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid, and Battery Electric Vehicles: Light-Duty Cars and Trucks

Hybrid Electric Vehicles for Fleet Markets Commercial Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid, and Battery Electric Vehicles: Light-Duty Cars and Trucks Hybrid Electric Vehicles for Fleet Markets Commercial Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid, and Battery Electric Vehicles: Light-Duty Cars and Trucks Many commercial and government fleet managers are increasingly relying

More information

ASIA AND PACIFIC VEHICLE STANDARDS & FLEETS

ASIA AND PACIFIC VEHICLE STANDARDS & FLEETS ASIA AND PACIFIC VEHICLE STANDARDS & FLEETS 14 vehicles per 1000 people (), up from 11 in 1990 Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia less than three years old. Importation of used vehicles

More information

A comprehensive approach for bus systems and CO 2 emission reduction

A comprehensive approach for bus systems and CO 2 emission reduction NOVEMBER 11 A comprehensive approach for bus systems and CO 2 emission reduction 1. Executive Summary In view of ongoing discussions at European level to decarbonise transport (Transport White Paper) and

More information

Brazil s Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy 1.1 Background

Brazil s Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy 1.1 Background Brazil s Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy 1.1 Background Brazil s heavy use of flex fuel vehicles and production of ethanol make it both a regional and global frontrunner in cleaner fuels and

More information

Japanese EFV Diffusion Policy and ASEAN-Japan Cooperation

Japanese EFV Diffusion Policy and ASEAN-Japan Cooperation Japanese EFV Diffusion Policy and ASEAN-Japan Cooperation Nobutoshi Horie, Deputy Director Environment Policy Division, Road Transport Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Japan

More information

Vehicle Emissions Testing: Experience of Egypt

Vehicle Emissions Testing: Experience of Egypt Vehicle Emissions Testing: Experience of Egypt Presented by: Dr. Samir ElMowafy Rwanda, November 2014 Presentation Outlines 1. Vehicle Emissions Testing Program in Egypt (VET) VET Pre survey: On Road Testing

More information

ITEM FOR FINANCE COMMITTEE

ITEM FOR FINANCE COMMITTEE For discussion on on 13 April 2012 FCR(2012-13)7 ITEM FOR FINANCE COMMITTEE HEAD 44 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMENT Subhead 700 General non-recurrent New Item One-off subsidy to assist vehicle owners

More information

Climate change as a result of human activity is probably the. greatest challenge facing society in the twenty-first century and

Climate change as a result of human activity is probably the. greatest challenge facing society in the twenty-first century and Climate change as a result of human activity is probably the greatest challenge facing society in the twenty-first century and we, the worldwide motor vehicle manufacturers want to be part of the solution.

More information

Advancing Electric Vehicles in New Mexico

Advancing Electric Vehicles in New Mexico Advancing Electric Vehicles in New Mexico Why should NM support electric vehicles? Economic benefits Reduced fuel costs Clean Air Plug-in Electric Vehicle Models Ford, Chevy, Toyota, Nissan, Tesla, Honda,

More information

OICA Round Table The World Auto Industry: Situation and Trends

OICA Round Table The World Auto Industry: Situation and Trends OICA Round Table The World Auto Industry: Situation and Trends Subject 1-Global Markets: Situation and Forecasts Domestic Market/Production Trends Seiichi NAGATSUKA President Japan Automobile Manufacturers

More information

Philippines Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References

Philippines Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References Philippines Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References 1.2 Background Motorization rates (in terms of vehicle ownership per 1000 people) in ASEAN

More information

Environmental Policies in Thailand and their Effects

Environmental Policies in Thailand and their Effects Environmental Policies in Thailand and their Effects Viroat SRISURAPANON and Chana WANICHAPUN Department of Civil Engineering, King Mongkut s University of Technology Thonburi Pracha-u-tid Rd., Bangmod,

More information

Vehicle fuel economy standards in the ASEAN: Need for harmonized approach

Vehicle fuel economy standards in the ASEAN: Need for harmonized approach Vehicle fuel economy standards in the ASEAN: Need for harmonized approach Bert Fabian Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities Center (CAI-Asia Center) 5 th UNCRD EST Forum Bangkok, Thailand 23-25 August

More information

NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE POLICY (NAP) 2014

NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE POLICY (NAP) 2014 NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE POLICY (NAP) 2014 BACKGROUND NAP 2006 AND NAP 2009 1. The National Automotive Policy (NAP) was introduced in 2006 to transform the domestic automotive industry and integrate it into

More information

The South African Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References

The South African Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References The South African Developing Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References 1.1 Background In South Africa, crude oil represents the single largest import item

More information

AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY AND JAPAN S STRATEGY FOR THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT

AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY AND JAPAN S STRATEGY FOR THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT Romanian Economic and Business Review Vol. 2, No. 4 AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY AND JAPAN S STRATEGY FOR THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT Şerban Georgescu Abstract Japan s automobile industry evolution for the last five

More information

G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions

G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions G-20 action on vehicle efficiency and emissions Drew Kodjak, International Council on Clean Transportation; David Shorr, Stanley Foundation; and Sheila Watson, Global Fuel Economy Initiative. This short

More information

Automotive Safety in the UN Decade of Action

Automotive Safety in the UN Decade of Action Automotive Safety in the UN Decade of Action Presentation by David Ward Secretary General Global New Car Assessment Programme Europe Asia Road Safety Forum UNECE Working Party on Road Traffic Safety New

More information

CLEANER MOTORCYCLES Promoting the use of four-stroke engines

CLEANER MOTORCYCLES Promoting the use of four-stroke engines CLEANER MOTORCYCLES Promoting the use of four-stroke engines Photo: Ernst Tobish Photo : UNEP INTRODUCTION Reliable, affordable and safe transport is a prerequisite for development. However, transport

More information

SOLUTIONS Training Kit Cluster 6: Clean vehicles. www.urban-mobility-solutions.eu

SOLUTIONS Training Kit Cluster 6: Clean vehicles. www.urban-mobility-solutions.eu SOLUTIONS Training Kit Cluster 6: Clean vehicles www.urban-mobility-solutions.eu About SOLUTIONS SOLUTIONS aims to foster knowledge exchange and boost the uptake of innovative sustainable urban mobility

More information

Automakers and Auto Parts manufacturers

Automakers and Auto Parts manufacturers Last updated: March 26, 2012 Rating Methodology by Sector Automakers and Auto Parts manufacturers *This rating methodology is a modification of the rating methodology made public on July 13, 2011, and

More information

Growth of Addis Ababa

Growth of Addis Ababa Growth of Addis Ababa Founded in 1887, and has expanded rapidly Now among the ten largest cities in Sub Saharan Africa Annual growth rate is 3.8% By 2020 population growth would reach to eight million.

More information

Transport, Energy and CO2: Moving Toward Sustainability Lew Fulton, IEA/SPT IEA Side Event, 16 December 2009, Copenhagen

Transport, Energy and CO2: Moving Toward Sustainability Lew Fulton, IEA/SPT IEA Side Event, 16 December 2009, Copenhagen INTERNATIONAL AGENCY Transport, Energy and CO2: Lew Fulton, IEA/SPT IEA Side Event, 16 December 2009, Copenhagen IEA and transport Relevant publications Medium term Oil Market Report Horizon 2015, focus

More information

Policy Handbook for the Regulation of Imported Second-Hand Vehicles Working Paper 7

Policy Handbook for the Regulation of Imported Second-Hand Vehicles Working Paper 7 Policy Handbook for the Regulation of Imported Second-Hand Vehicles Working Paper 7 UNEP Policy Handbook for the Regulation of Imported Second-Hand Vehicles by Jorge Macias Aimee Aguilar Georg Schmid

More information

The Road to Truck leasing and rental An integral part of a sustainable European transport system

The Road to Truck leasing and rental An integral part of a sustainable European transport system The Road to 2050 Truck leasing and rental An integral part of a sustainable European transport system The Road to 2050 Truck leasing and rental An integral part of a sustainable European transport system

More information

2 nd National Workshop on Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) in Mauritius. Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development 27 th November 2014

2 nd National Workshop on Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) in Mauritius. Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development 27 th November 2014 2 nd National Workshop on Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) in Mauritius Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development 27 th November 2014 1 Global Fuel Economy Initiative Background Estimated

More information

Globalization: Who Wins, Who Loses?

Globalization: Who Wins, Who Loses? Globalization: Who Wins, Who Loses? Economists focus on free trade in goods, services, labor, and capital, and the institutional rules that make this possible between (rather than just internal to) countries.

More information

IEA activities on fuel economy and vehicle emissions Implications for the case of Mexico

IEA activities on fuel economy and vehicle emissions Implications for the case of Mexico IEA activities on fuel economy and vehicle emissions Implications for the case of Mexico Marine Gorner 8 th Forum on Energy Efficiency in Transport Energy Efficiency Regulation for HDV Mexico City 29 September

More information

Inspection & Maintenance for In-use Vehicles in India

Inspection & Maintenance for In-use Vehicles in India Inspection & Maintenance for In-use Vehicles in India GITE Regional Workshop on Inspection and Maintenance Policy in Asia 10-12 December 2001, Bangkok, Thailand Background The economic development in the

More information

DELPHI Delphi Presentation

DELPHI Delphi Presentation 4.10. Delphi Presentation DELPHI Electronics and Safety 19.7% of sales Powertrain Systems 29.5% of sales Electrical/Electro nic 40.7% of sales Thermal Systems 11.6% of sales Headquarters Key figures Group

More information

Natural Gas Vehicles and Climate Change A Briefing Paper

Natural Gas Vehicles and Climate Change A Briefing Paper Natural Gas Vehicles and Climate Change A Briefing Paper This is a summary of the issues related to the use of natural gas vehicles to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. It has been prepared to inform

More information

RACQ S POLICY POSITION ON A CARBON PRICE AND FUEL

RACQ S POLICY POSITION ON A CARBON PRICE AND FUEL Carbon Price on Fuel Position Statement 28 March 211 RACQ S POLICY POSITION ON A CARBON PRICE AND FUEL Summary The Australian Government intends to reduce carbon emissions, including through the implementation

More information

CBI Product Factsheet: Brakes and Brake Parts in Eastern Europe

CBI Product Factsheet: Brakes and Brake Parts in Eastern Europe CBI Product Factsheet: Brakes and Brake Parts in Eastern Europe Practical market insights for your product Eastern European OEM production continues to rise, due to investment by the leading automotive

More information

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE)

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE) SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT IN KAMPALA-UGANDA (CONTEXT, INITIATIVES, CHALLENGES AND THE FUTURE) During the Berlin High level Dialogue on Implementation of Rio+20 on Sustainable Cities and Urban Transport. 18

More information

The South African Automotive Industry. September 2010 Roger Pitot

The South African Automotive Industry. September 2010 Roger Pitot The South African Automotive Industry September 2010 Roger Pitot Evolution of the SA Passenger & LCV Market 1950 to 2009 + 91% - 45% - 25% +14% 1950 1960 1970 1980 1981 1990 2000-2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

More information

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Africa Auto Club Event Discussion and Background Paper Venue TBA. Draft not for circulation

Global Fuel Economy Initiative Africa Auto Club Event Discussion and Background Paper Venue TBA. Draft not for circulation Global Fuel Economy Initiative Africa Auto Club Event Discussion and Background Paper Venue TBA Draft not for circulation Launched on March 4, 2009 by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the

More information

VOLUNTARY VEHICLE FLEET MODERNISATION PROGRAMME (V-VMP)

VOLUNTARY VEHICLE FLEET MODERNISATION PROGRAMME (V-VMP) VOLUNTARY VEHICLE FLEET MODERNISATION PROGRAMME (V-VMP) The road transport and highways minister, in May 2016, released the first draft of the proposed Voluntary Vehicle Fleet Modernization Programme (V-VMP).

More information

1. Transport challenges in subnational entities and related GHG emissions

1. Transport challenges in subnational entities and related GHG emissions MOBILITY and TRANSPORTS CODATU and FRANCE NATURE ENVIRONNEMENT 1. Transport challenges in subnational entities and related GHG emissions Mobility for people as well as goods is at the heart of issues related

More information

MARINE, LAND AND RAIL TRANSPORTATION SUPPLEMENT EACH OTHER

MARINE, LAND AND RAIL TRANSPORTATION SUPPLEMENT EACH OTHER The issue of combined transportation in today world considering the existing tight competition in the world has a special place in the economy of any country. Consequently the road fleet, railway and shipping

More information

Adelaide City Council Administration Submission to the Ministerial Forum on Vehicle Emissions April 2016

Adelaide City Council Administration Submission to the Ministerial Forum on Vehicle Emissions April 2016 Adelaide City Council Administration Submission to the Ministerial Forum on Vehicle Emissions April 2016 This submission has been prepared by Adelaide City Council Administration based on existing Council

More information

Reducing CO2 emissions from cars and vans. Backgrounder

Reducing CO2 emissions from cars and vans. Backgrounder Reducing CO2 emissions from cars and vans Backgrounder May 2015 SUMMARY a. The automobile industry in Europe has invested heavily in innovations designed to bring down significantly the CO2 emissions from

More information

Green cars on the rise in Asia

Green cars on the rise in Asia www.spireresearch.com Green cars on the rise in Asia How Asia is positioning itself in the race to be the 21 st century s eco-car production hub 2009 Spire Research and Consulting Pte Ltd Green cars on

More information

Paving the Way to Green Solutions

Paving the Way to Green Solutions Paving the Way to Green Solutions Gabor Radnay Toyota Motor Hungary 26 June 2008 Agenda Toyota in Europe Current Business Dynamics Our Strategy - Guiding Principles - Products and Technologies - Manufacturing

More information

Mexico s Strengths. Table 1. Comparison of manufacturing labor costs

Mexico s Strengths. Table 1. Comparison of manufacturing labor costs Mexico s Strengths Mexico s Some 25 years ago, Mexico set out to achieve a greater economic openness focused on freeing international trade and attracting investment flows. This policy is supported by

More information

CBI Product Factsheet: Exhaust Systems in Eastern Europe

CBI Product Factsheet: Exhaust Systems in Eastern Europe CBI Product Factsheet: Exhaust Systems in Eastern Europe Practical market insights for your product Eastern Europe is a growing market for exhaust systems. The key automotive OEM markets are the Czech

More information

Global growth rates Macroeconomic indicators CEDIGAZ Reference Scenario

Global growth rates Macroeconomic indicators CEDIGAZ Reference Scenario Medium and Long Term Natural Gas Outlook CEDIGAZ February 215 Global growth rates Macroeconomic indicators CEDIGAZ Reference Scenario 4 3 %/year 199-213 213-235 6 Main consuming markets - %/year (213-235)

More information

Why Talk About Transport in Africa? SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT IN AFRICA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. Urbanization and Motorization in Africa

Why Talk About Transport in Africa? SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT IN AFRICA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES. Urbanization and Motorization in Africa SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT IN AFRICA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Presented by Brian Williams UN-Habitat Why Talk About Transport in Africa? Families and individuals spend upwards of 30% of their incomes on

More information

Electric Vehicles and Renewable Energy Potential

Electric Vehicles and Renewable Energy Potential STATE OF THE WORLD 2009 Climate Connections Electric Vehicles and Renewable Energy Potential Jeffrey Harti Skyrocketing energy prices and concerns about energy security and climate change have sparked

More information

The New Zealand Vehicle Fleet

The New Zealand Vehicle Fleet ANNUAL FLEET STATISTICS 213 FEBRUARY 214 ISSN 2324-2116 STATISTICAL REPORT TABLE OF CONTENTS 213 FLEET REPORT HIGHLIGHTS... 2 Accessing the graphs and information in this report... 4 Describing the vehicle

More information

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT VEHICLE POPULATION AND INTERNATIONAL TREND

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT VEHICLE POPULATION AND INTERNATIONAL TREND MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT VEHICLE POPULATION AND INTERNATIONAL TREND BY: MR. ERIC TETTEH-ADDISON SEPTEMBER, 2012 1 OUTLINE Introduction International trend Vehicle population in Ghana and regional statistics

More information

Index. Copyright material from - licensed to npg - PalgraveConnect - 2016-09-16

Index. Copyright material from  - licensed to npg - PalgraveConnect - 2016-09-16 Index AMIA (Mexican Association of the Automotive Industry), 90, 108 automobile demand ageing of population, 9 emerging economies, 206 7 financing, 8 post-recession, 1 2 role of income distribution and

More information

BOGOTA DECLARATION SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT OBJECTIVES

BOGOTA DECLARATION SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT OBJECTIVES BOGOTA DECLARATION SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT OBJECTIVES The representatives of the national transport and environment agencies of Argentina, Brazil, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador,

More information

Maintenance and Repair of Motor Vehicles. Discussant's remarks Greg Peterson Statistics Canada

Maintenance and Repair of Motor Vehicles. Discussant's remarks Greg Peterson Statistics Canada Maintenance and Repair of Motor Vehicles Discussant's remarks Greg Peterson Statistics Canada Outline Classification Industry Product Market conditions Surveys of turnover Prices Observations Classifications

More information

Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana

Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana Vehicular Emissions Reduction Programme in Ghana Presented by ESI NERQUAYE-TETTEH Deputy Director EPA Introduction Presentation Outline Environment Impacts of Road Transport Programmes implemented to assess

More information

China s growing energy demand: some international implications

China s growing energy demand: some international implications China s growing energy demand: some international implications Dr David Robinson Senior Research Fellow OIES 17 October 2013 NOG Stockholm 1 Outline Introduction China s energy demand v. policy objectives

More information

10 Executive Summary. Estimated worldwide annual shipments of industrial robots

10 Executive Summary. Estimated worldwide annual shipments of industrial robots 10 Executive Summary Executive Summary 1. World Robotics 2013 Industrial Robots 2. World Robotics 2013 Service Robots 1. World Robotics 2013 Industrial Robots 2012: Second highest number of robots sold

More information

Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil

Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil Flex Fuel Vehicles in Brazil Henry Joseph Jr. ANFAVEA Energy & Environment Affairs Commission Brasília, March 22 th, 2013. The Brazilian Automobile Industry Local Manufacturers (2012) - 26 companies Net

More information

Swedish Road Transport Fossil-free in 2030?

Swedish Road Transport Fossil-free in 2030? Swedish Road Transport Fossil-free in 2030? Per Kågeson TEMPO Conference Oslo June 17-18 2014 CO2 from European road transport Mton 2011 % change 1990-2011 Ton per capita 2011 EU 27 859.0 21.5 1.7 Sweden

More information

Brief Insights on the Global Bus Market

Brief Insights on the Global Bus Market Brief Insights on the Global Bus Market 1 8 Transformational Shifts in Passenger Mobility Multi-modality Transit Buses, Urban Rail, and Taxis Shared Mobility Intent to Check Expense and Beat Traffic Mobility

More information

London s Ultra Low Emission Zone. Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014

London s Ultra Low Emission Zone. Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014 London s Ultra Low Emission Zone Elliot Treharne Air Quality Manager May 2014 Contents History of air pollution in London The challenge: 2010 and 2020 What the Mayor is doing to tackle emissions Ultra

More information

ROADS TASK FORCE Thematic Analysis

ROADS TASK FORCE Thematic Analysis Roads Task Force - Technical Note 22 What are the implications of policies to improve the road network for local air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions? Introduction This paper forms one of a series

More information

Electric Vehicles: Driving EVolution

Electric Vehicles: Driving EVolution Electric Vehicles: Driving EVolution November 2014 Executive Summary Electric Vehicles (EVs) have the potential to provide a significant benefit to consumers and utilities, however as demonstrated in Ergon

More information

WORLDWIDE RETAIL ECOMMERCE SALES: EMARKETER S UPDATED ESTIMATES AND FORECAST THROUGH 2019

WORLDWIDE RETAIL ECOMMERCE SALES: EMARKETER S UPDATED ESTIMATES AND FORECAST THROUGH 2019 WORLDWIDE RETAIL ECOMMERCE SALES: EMARKETER S UPDATED ESTIMATES AND FORECAST THROUGH 2019 Worldwide retail sales including in-store and internet purchases will surpass $22 trillion in 2015, up 5.6% from

More information

Global Trends in Passenger Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards

Global Trends in Passenger Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards Global Trends in Passenger Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards Drew Kodjak, Executive Director GFEI Fuel Economy Symposium Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Development 27 rue de la Convention, Paris

More information

Canadian Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References

Canadian Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References Canadian Automotive Fuel Economy Policy Regulatory Policies Economic Instruments Labeling References 1.1Background Vehicles in Canada are required to comply with emission standards for a defined full useful

More information

SMART 2020 for Cities. Saving15% of global emissions in 2020

SMART 2020 for Cities. Saving15% of global emissions in 2020 SMART 2020 for Cities Saving15% of global emissions in 2020 The Smart City Challenge The application of new smart solutions helps complex systems become more efficient raising connectivity, increasing

More information

World Energy Outlook Series

World Energy Outlook Series WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK 22 and Global Electricity Investment Challenges World Energy Outlook Series World Energy Outlook 1998 World Energy Outlook 1999 Insights: Looking at Energy Subsidies: Getting the Prices

More information

Report on the Evaluation of the. Company Car Tax Reform: Stage 2

Report on the Evaluation of the. Company Car Tax Reform: Stage 2 Report on the Evaluation of the Company Car Tax Reform: Stage 2 Her Majesty s Revenue & Customs 22 March 2006 Table of Contents Introduction Page 3 Summary of results Page 4 Background Page 6 The evaluation

More information

GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011

GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011 GLOBAL BIOFUELS OUTLOOK 2010-2020 MAELLE SOARES PINTO DIRECTOR BIOFUELS EUROPE & AFRICA WORLD BIOFUELS MARKETS, ROTTERDAM MARCH 23, 2011 Presentation Overview Global Outlook Biofuels Mandates in 2010 Total

More information

World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights. www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency

World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights. www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook 27: China and India Insights www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency Why Focus on China & India? Increase in World Primary Energy Demand, Imports & Energy-Related CO

More information

Goals Status Current Policies & Programmes GENERAL OVERVIEW

Goals Status Current Policies & Programmes GENERAL OVERVIEW Mauritius Air Quality Overview This document is based on research that UNEP conducted in 2015, in response to Resolution 7 of the UNEA 1. It describes countrylevel policies that impact air quality. Triple

More information

CHINA PHASE 4 PASSENGER CAR FUEL CONSUMPTION STANDARD PROPOSAL

CHINA PHASE 4 PASSENGER CAR FUEL CONSUMPTION STANDARD PROPOSAL INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL ON CLEAN TRANSPORTATION POLICY UPDATE MARCH 2014 CHINA PHASE 4 PASSENGER CAR FUEL CONSUMPTION STANDARD PROPOSAL ICCT POLICY UPDATES SUMMARIZE REGULATORY AND OTHER DEVELOPMENTS RELATED

More information

The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries. Homi Kharas, Brookings Institution June XX, 2011

The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries. Homi Kharas, Brookings Institution June XX, 2011 The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries Homi Kharas, Brookings Institution June XX, 2011 1 Introduction Middle class consumers in the US and other G7 powers have been a key source of demand in

More information

Competitiveness of the Japanese, Korean, and Chinese Automobile Industries

Competitiveness of the Japanese, Korean, and Chinese Automobile Industries KER 81(1) pp. 48 63 CONFERENCE REPORT Competitiveness of the Japanese, Korean, and Chinese Automobile Industries Hiromi Shioji Professor, Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University, Japan E-mail: shioji@econ.kyoto-u.ac.jp

More information

Technical Support Document

Technical Support Document Technical Support Document Department of the Environment Amendments to COMAR 26.11.34.02 Low Emissions Vehicle Program Primary Purpose of these Amendments The purpose of these amendments is to update COMAR

More information

GLOBAL TYRE INDUSTRY. Outlook, Opportunities and Challenges. Mr. Surender Singh Kandhari, Al Dobowi Group Chairman

GLOBAL TYRE INDUSTRY. Outlook, Opportunities and Challenges. Mr. Surender Singh Kandhari, Al Dobowi Group Chairman GLOBAL TYRE INDUSTRY Outlook, Opportunities and Challenges Mr. Surender Singh Kandhari, Al Dobowi Group Chairman Industry Comments 2013 Economy Japan stalling due to a slowdown in global economic growth

More information

The Carbon Footprint of Daily Travel

The Carbon Footprint of Daily Travel The Carbon Footprint of Daily Travel Nancy McGuckin, Travel Behavior Analyst www.travelbehavior.us Prepared for Transportation Management and Engineering Magazine, January 2010 Any process that burns fossil

More information

OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS INDUSTRY

OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS INDUSTRY OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIAN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS INDUSTRY April 2015 India THE INDIAN AUTOMOTIVE MARKET IS STEADILY GROWING TO BE 3RD LARGEST BY 2030 Automotive Market Turnover - India USD Billion 24,1 30,8

More information

PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND CO2 EMISSIONS

PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND CO2 EMISSIONS MEDIA BACKGROUNDER Since the Kyoto protocol (1997), transport is now responsible for 23% of energy-related CO2 emissions globally and for 13% of all GHG emissions and urban population has significantly

More information

Actions on urban transport : the EU perspective. Augusto de Albuquerque DG CONNECT

Actions on urban transport : the EU perspective. Augusto de Albuquerque DG CONNECT Actions on urban transport : the EU perspective Augusto de Albuquerque DG CONNECT Augusto.dealbuquerque@eeas.europa.eu EU urban transport policy actions The urban transport challenges Better meet the diverse

More information

Executive Summary 13. Estimated worldwide annual supply of industrial robots

Executive Summary 13. Estimated worldwide annual supply of industrial robots Executive Summary 13 Executive Summary 1. World Robotics 2015 Industrial Robots 2. World Robotics 2015 Service Robots 1. World Robotics 2015 Industrial Robots 2014: By far the highest volume ever recorded

More information

There are numerous national policy drivers for low emission vehicles

There are numerous national policy drivers for low emission vehicles There are numerous national policy drivers for low emission vehicles Reducing CO 2 (GHG) emissions from road transport meeting Government s carbon budgets Reducing NOx/PM from road transport, improving

More information

INCREASING MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE

INCREASING MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE INCREASING MOTORCYCLE HELMET USE Head injuries among motorcyclists are a growing concern Rapid growth in the use of motorized twowheeled vehicles in many countries has been accompanied by increases in

More information

Urban road pricing: a comparative study on the experiences of London, Stockholm and Milan

Urban road pricing: a comparative study on the experiences of London, Stockholm and Milan 15th Global Conference on Environmental Taxation 24-26 September 2014, Copenhagen Urban road pricing: a comparative study on the experiences of London, Stockholm and Milan Edoardo Croci, Aldo Ravazzi Douvan

More information

Electronic Logging Devices (ELD)s Reliability and Efficiency for Hours Of Service Enforcement CCMTA, June 16, 2015

Electronic Logging Devices (ELD)s Reliability and Efficiency for Hours Of Service Enforcement CCMTA, June 16, 2015 Bitte decken Sie die schraffierte Fläche mit einem Bild ab. Please cover the shaded area with a picture. (24,4 x 11,0 cm) Electronic Logging Devices (ELD)s Reliability and Efficiency for Hours Of Service

More information

European Engine Outlook Potential of the Gasoline Engine

European Engine Outlook Potential of the Gasoline Engine IHS AUTOMOTIVE Presentation European Engine Outlook Potential of the Gasoline Engine IHS Automotive Customer Briefing Frankfurt 17 June 2015 ihs.com Pavan Potluri, Senior Powertrain Analyst +44 (0) 208

More information

Global Light-duty Vehicles: Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards

Global Light-duty Vehicles: Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards International Council on Clean Transportation Global Passenger Vehicles Program April 2011 Update Global Light-duty Vehicles: Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards The ICCT developed a methodology

More information

H 2. The Global Fuel Economy Initiative and a Global Overview of Approaches to Improving Auto Fuel Efficiency

H 2. The Global Fuel Economy Initiative and a Global Overview of Approaches to Improving Auto Fuel Efficiency The Global Fuel Economy Initiative and a Global Overview of Approaches to Improving Auto Fuel Efficiency Cleaner Fuels and More Efficient Vehicles Conference for the Caribbean Kingston, Jamaica, 3-4 Feb

More information

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL PANEL ON ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS. Proposals to Tighten Emission Standards of Newly Registered Vehicles

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL PANEL ON ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS. Proposals to Tighten Emission Standards of Newly Registered Vehicles For discussion on 27 November 2015 CB(1)180/15-16(03) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL PANEL ON ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS Proposals to Tighten Emission Standards of Newly Registered Vehicles PURPOSE This paper consults

More information

Submission to Environment and Communications Legislation Committee

Submission to Environment and Communications Legislation Committee Submission to Environment and Communications Legislation Committee Inquiry into the Motor Vehicle Standards (Cheaper Transport) Bill 2014 Dr Anna Mortimore Griffith University Business School University

More information

Increased Conversion to Natural Gas Vehicles in Asia

Increased Conversion to Natural Gas Vehicles in Asia Increased Conversion to Natural Gas Vehicles in Asia Global Alternative Fuels Webinar March 17, 2016 UPSTREAM MIDSTREAM DOWNSTREAM FUEL & TRANSPORT Agenda Overview Background Regional Snapshot of Natural

More information

CITY CLIMATE LEADERSHIP AWARDS

CITY CLIMATE LEADERSHIP AWARDS CITY CLIMATE LEADERSHIP AWARDS Mexico City Climate Close-Up Fast Facts Population Projections Mexico s GDP per capita was US$15,195 dollars in 2010 (estimate). By 2050, Mexico s population is estimated

More information

Global reduction in CO2 emissions from cars: a consumer s perspective

Global reduction in CO2 emissions from cars: a consumer s perspective Global reduction in CO2 emissions from cars: a consumer s perspective Policy recommendations for decision makers Context: the global agenda The international political response to climate change was initiated

More information

MOBILITY IN CITIES DATABASE

MOBILITY IN CITIES DATABASE MOBILITY IN DATABASE Lessons learned for the cities of the MENA region April, 2016 As a leading international public transport association, UITP has a long history in mobility data collection and analyses.

More information

Ethanol Boosting Systems LLC (EBS)

Ethanol Boosting Systems LLC (EBS) Ethanol Boosting Systems LLC (EBS) Turbo Gasoline Engines Using Direct Injection Alcohol Boosting: An Affordable Solution for Clean, High Efficiency Cars and Trucks Summary Ethanol Boosting Systems (EBS),

More information

ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Energy use is closely linked with economic development, poverty reduction and the provision of vital services. Yet, energy production,

More information