Syllables, Accents, and Stress

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1 Syllables, Accents, and Stress by Kurt Hook 1

2 Syllables A. Single consonants are pronounced with the vowel or diphthong that follows. A diphthong is formed when two vowels combine in a word to form a single syllable. At least one of these vowels must be a weak (closed) vowel. Remember our vowels? i e a o u closed closed open 2

3 Syllables A. Single consonants are pronounced with the vowel or diphthong that follows. casa pelo cabeza caballo guitarra coche agua barrio ca-sa pe-lo ca-be-za ca-ba-llo gui-ta-rra co-che a-gua ba-rrio 3

4 Syllables B. Two consonants combined between vowels or diphthongs are usually divided, except when the second is L or R. cable cubro calculo insiste hambre asamblea ca-ble cu-bro cal-cu-lo in-sis-te ham-bre a-sam-ble-a 4

5 Syllables C. In general, each vowel or diphthong forms a separate syllable. aeropuerto aseo entiendo buitre patria ciudad cuociente a-e-ro-puer-to a-se-o en-tien-do bui-tre pa-tria ciu-dad cuo-cien-te 5

6 Accents and Stress A. Words that end in any consonant other than N or S are naturally stressed on the final syllable. hablar feliz libertad temblor igual Paraguay ha-blar fe-liz li-ber-tad tem-blor i-gual Pa-ra-guay 6

7 Accents and Stress B. Words that end in vowels (i, e, a, o, u) or in N or S are naturally stressed on the next-to-final syllable. tobillo almuerza comes aprenden escribe to-bi-llo al-muer-za co-mes a-pren-den es-cri-be 7

8 Accents and Stress C. If the naturally stressed syllable contains a diphthong of a closed vowel and an open vowel, the open vowel receives the stress. aire almuerzo entiendo especial escuelas ai-re al-muer-zo en-tien-do es-pe-cial es-cue-las 8

9 Accents and Stress D. If the naturally stressed syllable contains a diphthong of a closed vowel and a closed vowel, the second vowel receives the stress. buitre descuido viuda bui-tre des-cui-do viu-da 9

10 Accents and Stress E. Words whose pronunciation does not conform to these rules require a written accent mark directly above the vowel that should be stressed. canción lápiz día ácidos sulfúrico 10

11 Accents and Stress F. Written accents are also used to distinguish between otherwise identical words with different meanings. tu (your) si (if) que (that) mi (my) el (the) tú (you) sí (yes) qué (what) mí (myself) él (he) 11

12 Exercise A Separate each of the following words into its syllables, and underline the stressed vowel. Ex. casa ca-sa 1. padre 6. esperanza 2. comer 7. paraguas 3. entender 8. alguacil 4. duro 9. capaz 5. entreteniendo 10. cruzas 12

13 Exercise A Separate each of the following words into its syllables, and underline the stressed vowel. Ex. casa ca-sa 1. padre 2. comer 3. entender 4. duro 5. entreteniendo pa-dre co-mer en-ten-der du-ro en-tre-te-nien-do 13

14 Exercise A Separate each of the following words into its syllables, and underline the stressed vowel. Ex. casa ca-sa 1. padre 6. esperanza 2. comer 7. paraguas 3. entender 8. alguacil 4. duro 9. capaz 5. entreteniendo 10. cruzas 14

15 Exercise A Separate each of the following words into its syllables, and underline the stressed vowel. Ex. casa ca-sa 6. esperanza 7. paraguas 8. alguacil 9. capaz 10. cruzas es-pe-ran-za pa-ra-guas al-gua-cil ca-paz cru-zas 15

16 Exercise B In each of the following words, the underlined vowel receives the stress (regardless of the rules). If such stress breaks a rule, place a written accent mark above the underlined vowel. 1. television 6. defendieron 2. fracaso 7. tenedor 3. encontraria 8. tenedores 4. dificil 9. perfil 5. compartiriamos 10. credito 16

17 Exercise B In each of the following words, the underlined vowel receives the stress (regardless of the rules). If such stress breaks a rule, place a written accent mark above the underlined vowel. 1. television 2. fracaso 3. encontraria 4. dificil 5. compartiriamos televisión fracaso encontraría difícil compartiríamos 17

18 Exercise B In each of the following words, the underlined vowel receives the stress (regardless of the rules). If such stress breaks a rule, place a written accent mark above the underlined vowel. 1. television 6. defendieron 2. fracaso 7. tenedor 3. encontraria 8. tenedores 4. dificil 9. perfil 5. compartiriamos 10. credito 18

19 Exercise B In each of the following words, the underlined vowel receives the stress (regardless of the rules). If such stress breaks a rule, place a written accent mark above the underlined vowel. 6. defendieron 7. tenedor 8. tenedores 9. perfil 10. credito defendieron tenedor tenedores perfil crédito 19

Prof. Pastrana-Pérez. fe-o pre-o-cu-pa-do ne-ce-sa-rio bue-no dí-a des-pués. en-fer-mo al-qui-ler ca-le-fac-ción ca-cho-rri-llo in-nato

Prof. Pastrana-Pérez. fe-o pre-o-cu-pa-do ne-ce-sa-rio bue-no dí-a des-pués. en-fer-mo al-qui-ler ca-le-fac-ción ca-cho-rri-llo in-nato Syllabication and Accents I. SYLLABICATION 1. Syllables usually end in a vowel. me-sa tra-ba-jo ca-ma-re-ro 2. Two vowels should always be separated unless one of the vowels is an unaccented i or u, in

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