Characteristics of the Text Genre Biography Text Structure

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1 LESSON 11 TEACHER S GUIDE by Robert Hirschfeld Fountas-Pinnell Level N Biography Selection Summary This is the biography of, one of the greatest athletes of the twentieth century. Despite facing prejudice because of his Native American heritage, Thorpe went on to win two medals in the 1912 Olympic Games. He later became a professional baseball and football player. Number of Words: 528 Characteristics of the Text Genre Biography Text Structure Content Themes and Ideas Language and Literary Features Sentence Complexity Vocabulary Words Illustrations Book and Print Features Major events presented in chronological order Third person factual narrative Life and career of Olympic games Native Americans Pursuing your dream can be a life goal. Racial prejudice toward Native Americans has always existed in this country. It takes courage to speak out against injustice. Exclamation: The other kids couldn t get over the pole, but Jim did it! Appositive set off by comma: His daughter, Grace Thorpe, Simple sentences with introductory phrases: Then one day, he saw some students trying the high jump. Longer compound and complex sentences Words in a series: power, skill, and speed Some sports terms that should be familiar: football, baseball, track, kicker, runner Some sports terms that might not be familiar: decathlon, pentathlon Place and proper names: Sweden, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Olympic Games, Olympic Committee, American Indian Some more challenging multisyllabic words: national, applauded, committee, Olympic Historic archival photos Nine pages of text, photos on all pages Longer captions that extend content Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida Printed in the U.S.A If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format.

2 by Robert Hirschfeld Build Background Help students use their knowledge of sports to visualize the book. Build interest by asking questions such as the following: Who do you think is the greatest sports star in America today? Why do you feel this way? Then read the title and author and talk about the cover photo. Explain that was a world famous athlete who won medals in the Olympic Games long ago. Introduce the Text Guide students through the text, noting important ideas and nonfiction features. Help with unfamiliar language so they can read the text successfully. Give special attention to target vocabulary. Here are some suggestions: Pages 2 3: Explain that this book tells s life story. Suggested language: Turn to page 2 and 3 of this book. was a great athlete who played many different sports very well. Look at the photos of Jim Thorpe. What sports is he playing in these photos? How can you tell? Page 5: Read the section heading. Point out that helped his college football team win a national championship. Find the word championship. How would you feel if one of your school teams won a championship? Page 6: Explain that was an athlete in the Olympic Games in Everyone was rooting for to win and he did. What teams do you root for? Page 8: Read the section heading and the caption. Later earned a living as a professional baseball and football player. Professional means that he was paid to play on the teams. What professional baseball and football teams can you name? Page 9: Read the caption. Many American Indians were not treated fairly, so Jim Thorpe spoke up for them. Why do you think Thorpe did this? Now turn back to the beginning of the book and read to fi nd out why was one of the greatest athletes in the world. athlete a person who plays one or many sports, p. 2 championship the game that decides who is the best player or team, p. 5 competitor a person who is trying to win in a game or a sport, p. 7 court - an area where a game is played, p. 8 entire whole or complete, p. 10 power strength, p. 6 professional a person who is paid to play a game or a sport, p. 8 rooting cheering, p. 6 2 Lesson 11:

3 Read Have students read silently while you listen to individual students read. Support their problem solving and fluency as needed. Remind students to use the Question Strategy questions as they read., and to think of Discuss and Revisit the Text Personal Response Invite students to share their personal responses to the book. Suggested language: Which events in s life interested you the most? Why? Ways of Thinking As you discuss the text, help students understand these points: Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text became a star athlete at college. was an Olympic champion. became a professional baseball and football player. spoke out on behalf of Native American rights. Speaking out against racial prejudice takes courage and commitment. Never giving up on your dreams can be a life goal Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H. Photos from long ago help readers to visualize events in the past. Captions tell more information about photos. Section headings are good section summaries. The author s purpose is to inform readers about the life and career of. Choices for Further Support Fluency Invite students to choose a passage from the text to read aloud. Remind them to pause slightly after commas and periods. Comprehension Based on your observations of the students reading and discussion, revisit parts of the text to clarify or extend comprehension. Remind students to go back to the text to support their ideas. Phonics/Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and word parts, using examples from the text. Remind students that longer words are often formed from shorter, familiar words. For example, the word football on page 3, is a compound word, combining the words foot and ball. Finding the shorter, more familiar words sometimes help readers understand the meaning of longer words. Repeat with the following compound words: newspapers (p. 7); basketball (p. 8), sometimes (p. 9). 3 Lesson 11:

4 Writing about Reading Vocabulary Practice Have students complete the Vocabulary questions on BLM Responding Have students complete the vocabulary activities on page 11. Remind them to answer the Word Teaser on p. 12. (Answer: professional) Reading Nonfiction Nonfiction Features: Captions and Photos Remind students that nonfiction has many features to help readers find and understand important information. Captions and photos are two of these features. Explain that captions can be longer sentences, as in this book, or short phrases. Captions tell readers what a photo, map, or diagram is about. Sometimes captions give readers information that is not found in the selection. By reading the captions in a nonfiction book, readers can preview the book before reading the main text. Photos are another important source of information. They often add information that is not in the text and help readers see what the author is writing about. Have students look again at the photo on page 5. Ask what information they learn from the photo (what looked like; what football players wore in 1912; how played football). Then have volunteers read aloud the caption. Then ask students to choose another photo in the book and write another caption for it, based on what they see in the photo. Writing Prompt: Thinking Beyond the Text Have students write a response to the prompt on page 6. Assessment Prompts Which words on page 2 help the reader understand the meaning of the word athlete. On page 6, fi nd the word that means almost the same as great force. The author most likely wrote this book to. 4 Lesson 11:

5 Read directions to students. English Language Development Reading Support Pair English-speaking and English language learners so that they can check their understanding with each other. Cultural Support Explain that the Olympics are sports competitions that take place in the winter and summer every four years. The best athletes from all over the world compete in the different Olympic events. Every four years the Olympics are held in a different country. Oral Language Development Check student comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches your students English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the student. Beginning/Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced Speaker 1: Who is this book about? Speaker 2: Speaker 1: What are two sports that played? Speaker 2: football and baseball Speaker 1: Where were the Olympic Games held in 1912? Speaker 2: Sweden Speaker 1: What happened to Jim Thorpe at Carlisle Indian School? Speaker 2: He became a star athlete. Speaker 1: Why did people take away s Olympic medals? Speaker 2: He once got paid for playing football. Speaker 1: Why is so famous? Speaker 2: He was the greatest athlete of the last century and won two Olympic medals. Name Date Write words and ideas that go with the word athlete in the web. Then create your own webs for the remaining Target Vocabulary words. Possible responses shown. Lesson 11 BLACKLINE MASTER 11.1 athlete championship competitor Vocabulary court entire power professional rooting soccer baseball athlete good runner hard work. All rights reserved. 3, Unit 3: Learning Lessons 5 Lesson 11:

6 Name Date Thinking Beyond the Text Read the paragraph. Then write your news report in one or two paragraphs. Imagine you are a sport reporter at the 1912 Olympic Games in Sweden. Write a news report about and what happened to him at those games. Use details from the book in your news report. 6 Lesson 11:

7 Name Date Lesson 11 BLACKLINE MASTER 11.1 Write words and ideas that go with the word athlete in the web. Then create your own webs for the remaining Target Vocabulary words. Vocabulary athlete championship competitor court entire power professional rooting athlete 7 Lesson 11:

8 Student Date Lesson 11 BLACKLINE MASTER LEVEL N Running Record Form page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections 2 may have been the greatest athlete of the last century. He was a star in football, baseball, track, and other sports, too. 3 was born in 1887 in Oklahoma. He had a hard life and left school many times. Finally, his father sent him to the Carlisle Indian School. It was one of the few schools where an American Indian could get a college education then. 4 Jim had never competed in sports before Carlisle. Then one day, he saw some students trying the high jump. They ran and then jumped as high as they could to get over a pole. Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read correctly/ ) % Total Self- Corrections Behavior Code Error Read word correctly cat 0 Repeated word, sentence, or phrase Omission cat 0 cat 1 Behavior Code Error Substitution cut cat 1 Self-corrects cut sc cat 0 Insertion the 1 Word told T 1 cat Lesson 11:

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