Grades 6 8 ELA Training Test Answer Key

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1 Grades 6 8 ELA Training Test Answer Key

2 To offer students a variety of texts on the FSA ELA Reading tests, authentic and copyrighted stories, poems, and articles appear as they were originally published, as requested by the publisher and/or author. While these real-world examples do not always adhere to strict style conventions and/or grammar rules, inconsistencies among passages should not detract from students ability to understand and answer questions about the texts. All trademarks and trade names found in this publication are the property of their respective owners and are not associated with the publishers of this publication. Every effort has been made to trace the ownership of all copyrighted material and to secure the necessary permissions to reprint selections. Some items are reproduced with permission from the American Institutes for Research as copyright holder or under license from third parties. Page 2

3 Read the passage James Jim Bridger and then answer Numbers 1 through 5. James Jim Bridger James Felix Jim Bridger s life story is as interesting as the tall tales he used to tell. Bridger was born in Virginia in Later, his family moved to a farm near St. Louis, Missouri. At age fourteen, he went to work as a blacksmith s apprentice. He learned how to make horseshoes and other products out of iron. When Bridger was eighteen years old, he was the youngest member of a group that explored and mapped the Missouri River. As a part of the expedition, he was one of the first European American people to see the natural wonders of what is now Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone was the first in a long line of landscapes that Bridger was to encounter before others. While spending the winter of in what is now Cove, Utah, members of the team Bridger was with argued about which direction they thought the Bear River went. The team chose Bridger to explore the river. He ended up at the Great Salt Lake, which he mistook for an inlet of the Pacific Ocean because of the lake s saltiness. For many years, people assumed Bridger was the first non-native American to discover the Great Salt Lake. However, some now think that Etienne Provost, a French-Canadian trapper, may have seen it first. Using the skills he learned while exploring the Missouri, Bridger became very good at trapping beavers for their furs, also called pelts. By 1830, Bridger became part owner of a company that specialized in beaver trapping. Beaver pelts were very popular for hats and clothing at the time. Bridger s success at trapping as well as the growing number of people moving to the western part of America led to the building of a trading post and fort near the Green River in Wyoming. It became known as Fort Bridger. Many people passed the fort as they traveled west on the Oregon Trail. Often, the settlers stopped to buy supplies, get their wagons fixed, and hear Jim Bridger s stories. He became famous for telling tall tales to the people passing through. Page 3

4 Bridger s stories were funny, extravagant, and often unbelievable. He would tell stories of glass mountains, peetrified birds singing peetrified songs, and talk about days when Pike s Peak was just a hole in the ground. These outrageous stories were told both to tease new arrivals from the east and to amuse the locals who knew they weren t true. The Rocky Mountains were largely unexplored and Bridger spent many years hiking them and trapping animals. In his travels, he learned a great deal about the terrain and wildlife of the area. Because of his knowledge and skills, he became a valued guide. People often hired him to lead them across the mountains. In 1850, Bridger found a short cut through the mountains of Wyoming through the Rocky Mountains. This path became known as Bridger s Pass. Because the pass shortened trips by sixty-one miles, settlers moving west frequently used it. In addition, the pass later became part of the Union Pacific Railroad. The Union Pacific was part of the Transcontinental Railroad, the first railroad to cross America from coast to coast. Bridger spent twenty years working as a guide. When he retired, he went back to Missouri to live on a farm, where he died in 1881 at the age of seventy-seven. Jim Bridger is remembered for being a skilled mountain man and storyteller. Today, there are many places in the American West named in honor of Jim Bridger. James Jim Bridger written for educational purposes. 958 Page 4

5 Now answer Numbers 1 through 5. Base your answers on the passage James Jim Bridger. 1. How does the author introduce Jim Bridger in the passage? A by mentioning the tall tales he often told B by mentioning a few of the places that he discovered C by describing his first career as a blacksmith s apprentice D by describing the details of his first trip exploring the country Option A: This answer is correct. The passage begins with the author comparing Jim Bridger s life to the tall tales he often told. Option B: This answer is incorrect. Although the author describes Bridger s exploration, the author does not introduce Bridger this way. Option C: This answer is incorrect. Although the author states Bridger was a blacksmith s apprentice, this is just a detail of his early life. The author has already introduced Bridger by other means. Option D: This answer is incorrect. Although the author includes this information in the passage, the author does not introduce Bridger this way. Page 5

6 2. Part A Which statement describes Bridger s importance as an explorer? A Bridger spent many years hiking and traveling the Rocky Mountains. B By the time he reached his fifties, Bridger was an experienced explorer. C Bridger was the first European American to discover much of the West. D Bridger had many talents besides exploring: blacksmithing, trapping, and story-telling. Part B Which statement from the passage supports the response in Part A? A At age fourteen, he went to work as a blacksmith s apprentice. B Yellowstone was the first in a long line of landscapes that Bridger was to encounter before others. C For many years, people assumed Bridger discovered the Great Salt Lake. D Because of his knowledge and skills, he became a valued guide. Part A Option A: This answer is incorrect. Students might incorrectly generalize that his numerous talents illustrate his importance as an explorer. However, this detail does not emphasize his importance as an explorer but instead shows that Bridger had many skills. Option B: This answer is incorrect. While this statement tells that Bridger was an experienced explorer, it does not describe his importance. Option C: This answer is correct. Bridger s explorations made it possible for others to travel to and settle the West. Page 6

7 Option D: This answer is incorrect. Although this is a true statement, it does not tell the impact of his exploration. Part B Option A: This answer is incorrect. This statement tells us how Bridger got his start, but it does not support the answer to part A. Option B: This answer is correct. Based on the information in the passage, Bridger was one of the first European Americans to explore the Yellowstone area, and this statement supports the answer in part A. Option C: This answer is incorrect. Students might think this answer is correct because it notes an important discovery. However, the reader learns that another explorer may be responsible for the discovery, and, consequently, the detail does not support the larger statement. Option D: This answer is incorrect. Students might select this answer because the detail notes Bridger s value as a guide. However, this part of the passage does not focus on the importance or impact of his exploration. Page 7

8 3. Wyoming Cove Fort Bridger Utah St. Louis Missouri Virginia What three details can the reader get from both the map and the passage? A the state where Bridger died B the route of Bridger s travels C the location of Bridger s Pass D the state where Bridger was born E a place that was named after Bridger Option A: This answer is correct. The passage states that Bridger died in Missouri and the state is labeled on the map. Option B: This answer is incorrect. Although this information is discussed in the passage, it is not included on the map. Option C: This answer is incorrect. Although Bridger s Pass is mentioned in the passage, it is not included on the map. Page 8

9 Option D: This answer is correct. The passage states that Bridger was born in Virginia, which is included in the map of the United States. Option E: This answer is correct. This information is discussed in the passage and the location of the fort named after Bridger can also be seen on the map. Page 9

10 4. The root of the word terrain is terra, which means earth. Based on this information, what does the word terrain mean as it is used in the passage? In his travels, he learned a great deal about the terrain and wildlife of the area. (paragraph 7) A a type of soil B a rugged area C plants and animals D features of the land Option A: This answer is incorrect. While soil is part of the terrain, terrain includes more than the type of soil in an area. Option B: This answer is incorrect. Terrain might be rugged, but the term terrain is broader and includes all features of the land. Option C: This answer is incorrect. Plants could be considered part of the terrain; however, terrain does not include animals. Option D: This answer is correct. Terrain is the term for the features of the land, such as hills, water, and rocks. Page 10

11 5. Part A Fill in the circle before the meaning of the word extravagant as it is used in this sentence from the passage. Bridger s stories were funny, extravagant, and often unbelievable. (paragraph 6) A reckless B wasteful C generous D larger than life Part B Fill in the circle before the two words or phrases from the passage that help readers determine the meaning of the word. 6 A Bridger s stories were B funny, C extravagant, and D often unbelievable. E He would F tell stories G of glass mountains, H peetrified birds singing peetrified songs, I and talk about days when Pike s Peak was just a hole in the ground. J These K outrageous stories L were told both to M tease new arrivals N from the east and to O amuse the locals P who knew Q they weren t true. PART A Option A: This answer is incorrect. Reckless means thoughtless or careless. Bridger carefully constructed his stories to be larger than life Option B: This answer is incorrect. Extravagant can suggest wastefulness, but that meaning is not used to describe Bridger s stories. Option C: This answer is incorrect. Extravagant can be used to mean generous. However, Bridger s stories are described in the passage as tall tales and unbelievable. These are clues to larger than life. Page 11

12 Option D: This answer is correct. As it is used in the passage, extravagant means larger than life. PART B Selection of BOTH of the following phrases: often unbelievable outrageous stories Page 12

13 Choose the correct word or phrase to fill in each blank in the passage. For each blank, fill in the circle before the word or phrase that is correct Have you ever wondered how a relatively thin sleeping bag, jacket, or comforter filled with down can be so warm? Down feathers are the light, soft feathers found beneath the tougher exterior feathers of birds. Their loose structure allows them to trap air, and this insulation keeps the bird warm. In the same way, humans use down as insulation in many everyday products that keep [ A us B it C we D who] warm People have been using down feathers in this way for centuries. Though [ A feathers from various B feathers variously from C variously feathers from D various feathers from] species of birds were used in the past, the most common source today is the domestic goose. Most of the supply comes from [ A China. While B China, C China, while D China, and while] the rest mostly originates in Europe and Canada How do you know whether your jacket or pillow is actually lined with down? The Federal Trade Commission, which [ A prommotes B primotes C premotes D promotes] consumer [ A protection-- B protection: C protection, D protection] mandates that products labeled 100% Down must contain nothing but down feathers. If you just see Down on the label, this indicates there is a mixture of both fiber and feathers. A label of Goose Down signifies a composition of at least 90% goose feathers Page 13

14 Page 14 BLANK PAGE

15 Office of Assessment Florida Department of Education, Tallahassee, Florida Copyright 2015 State of Florida, Department of State

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