APPLIED TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING

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1 APPLIE TEHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING Let s Rock-et "#$%&%% '(&$")% Name: ate: Grade: Section: 1

2 Let s Rock-et Project ESIGN HALLENGE esign and build a bottle rocket that will fly straight, reach the highest altitude possible, and return safely to Earth. riteria Your rocket must... be made from a - liter plastic soda bottle have at least three fins attached to its body fit on the launcher be capable of multiple launches have a recovery (parachute) systems liter plastic bottle tape cardboard ping-pong balls tennis balls string duct tape masking tape plastic bags straws Approved Materials NOTE: Keep track of and safeguard all materials. Points will be lost if replacement parts are needed. onstraints Your rocket must stay within these limitations: fins cannot extend below the neck of the bottle (where it begins to narrow). the rocket cannot have any parts that could cause injury Key Points The bottle cannot be cut, punctured, or damaged in any way or the rocket will not hold the air pressure. an you blow up a balloon that has a hole in it? Key Terms rag: the force that slows down or prevents an object from moving. Lift: the force that lifts an object from the ground Thrust: the force that propels or pushes an object forward. lass ompetition Rockets will be judged on how high and straight it flies. Two spotters will measure altitude. Water may be added to the rocket prior to launch. The amount is to be determined by he students. Each team is responsible for getting its own data. A member of the student team that built the rocket must launch the rocket. Rockets will fill with a maximum of 90 psi of air.

3 "#$%&''()*+,-./%#0.)%1.% #$%&'()*)'+',($-.)/ 01,$5$(6$-78"#$ %&%#'$ ()*+",$ *-%#%$ +.$ (,$ %/0(1$ (,$ "".+*%$ #%()*+", ($9:)($; <$::$, (=' )('>) -1 )*??')(6$-) 9':$, )=$*:1 =A' %019$01;<6-)$-0$%&'(:6&''(='0)$-- 00$,=':>&''>(='0$%&'(?$6-?)(06?=(-1 &''>(='0$-('-1%6-?$0,01;8%9)::%$ (-;$ <)1*= #8% >-$% ')/%'( (-;$ $-./%#?)'' The bottom of the bottle Slit ='-10,6-?(='6-:'A'$-'$0(,$6-%=') >*(6($-(='0$%&'(;H=')=>'($(='06?=(6) -'FB>:'IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Fin Slit

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he bottom of the bottle Tab Attach tabs to the bottle Tab

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

9 IENTIFY THE PROBLEM In your own words... state what you ve been asked to do. I have been asked to that will _ Look at the rubric for this project on the last page and then answer the next two questions. 1. Which goal do you think will be the most challenging?. What s ONE strategy you can try to overcome it? EVELOP POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS In the boxes below, draw six (6) different versions of what your design might look like. It s very important to label the drawings to help me understand your thinking. Prototype #1 Prototype # Prototype # Prototype # Prototype #5 Prototype #6 9

10 STEP WidTH WidTH LENGTH WITH Front View HOOSE A SOLUTION STEP STEP WidTH WidTH You need to create clear, specific and labeled drawings (using rulers WidTH and other drawing instruments) WidTH from three different views A (front, LENGTH top and WITH side). raw the designs in centimeters and label the dimensions. You Front View LENGTH WITH Front View will not be able to begin construction until this drawing is completed. Teacher s initial are required for approval. Follow the examples A below. A B A- HEAT Transfer the height of the shape to the side view by drawing dotted lines B - raw in the object line representing the overall width ( ½ inches or 10 blocks) Front View B - raw in the object line representing the overall height (inches or 8 blocks, you Top also have View a dot that represents B the height) - Finish drawing the object lines A- HEAT that represent Transfer the the outside A- height HEAT edges of the of shape the Transfer shape to the the side height view of by the drawing shape to dotted the side lines view by drawing dotted lines B - raw in the object line Side B representing - raw the object overall line width representing ( ½ inches the or overall 10 blocks) width ( ½ inches or 10 blocks) - raw in the object line representing - raw the object overall line height representing (inches the or 8 overall blocks, height you also (inches have or a dot 8 blocks, that represents you also the have height) a dot that represents View the height) - Finish drawing the object STEP - lines Finish that drawing represent the the object outside lines edges that represent of the shape the outside edges of the shape HEAT LENGTH Front View HEAT 1/ HEAT 1/ 1 1 1/ 1 STEP STEP Length WidTH Top View Length Length WidTH WidTH LENGTH LENGTH Top View 1 Top 1/" View Front View Front View 1 1/" 1 1/" /" 1/" 1/" A - imension the overall length (either the front or top view) A - imension the overall length (either the front or top view) A - imension the overall length B - imension the overall height (either the front or side view) B -(either imension the front the overall or top height view) (either the front or side view) - imension the overall width (either the top or side view) B - imension the overall height -(either imension the front the overall or side width view) - imension (either the any top other or side edges, view) cut-outs, slants, holes, etc. (don t over dimension, it only makes the drawing look messy) - imension the overall width (either - imension the top any or other side view) edges, cut-outs, slants, holes, etc. (don t over dimension, it only makes the drawing look messy) - imension Production any other edges, cut-outs, slants, rawings holes, etc. (don t over dimension, it only makes the drawing look messy) STEP 5 STEP 5 STEP 5 Sketch 5 B Front View Sketch Sketch B Sketch 1 B 1 Sketch 1 Sketch Sketch A- raw the side view of the shape in the bottom right corner of the sketch box (over one up one) B - Starting at point #1, draw a diagonal line up to the left 5 intersections. (take your time and hit each diagonal intersection) - Repeat step B for points,,, and 5. - Now simply connect all 5 dots and your isometric view will be complete. 1 Sketch Sketch A5 A5 A A A A- raw the side view of the shape in the bottom right corner of the sketch box (over one up one) B - Starting at point #1, draw a diagonal line up to the A- raw the side view of the shape the bottom right corner of the sketch box (over left one 5 intersections. up one) (take your time and hit each diagonal intersection) B - Starting at point #1, draw 5- Repeat a diagonal step line B for up points to the, left, 5, intersections. and 5. (take your 5 time and hit each diagonal intersection) - Repeat step B for points, - Now,, simply and 5. connect all 5 dots and your isometric view will be complete. A - Now simply connect all 5 dots and your isometric Aview will be complete. A Materials Needed 1 Tools Needed 1 A Top View 10

11 HOOSE A SOLUTION Identify which prototype you ve chosen to make and explain why. If you really can t describe it to me and tell me why this prototype is insanely great, you shouldn t be building it. A paragraph has a beginning a middle and an end. The beginning, or the topic sentence, states what the paragraph is about. The middle develops the idea in detail by giving specific support & details for it (usually - 5). The end (conclusion) restates the main idea in the topic sentence. 11

12 ENGINEERING YOUR PROTOTYPE All transportation vehicles have sub-systems or parts that work together to make them go. The scooter on the right has a motor for PROPULSION, a handle bar for GUIANE, a hand brake for ONTROL and a wheel for SUSPENSION. A) Identify each of the same sub-systems parts in your prototype PROPULSION: GUIANE: ONTROL: SUSPENSION: RAG the force that slows down or prevents an object from moving. B) Which of the vehicles below will likely produce the least drag? ) How are you going to reduce drag in the design and building of your prototype? (omplete sent.) 1

13 BUIL YOUR PROTOTYPE EXAMPLE escribe what you did today. Mention any problems you had, design changes or questions. Make a labeled sketch that shows what you did. LOG #1 ate: YES I used complete sentences to describe my progress YES My description is neatly written and legible YES I used key terms when possible YES My drawing is large enough and centered in the space YES My line quality is sharp and precise (no smudges) YES Labels and dimensions are OUTSIE the drawing 1

14 escribe what you did today. Mention any problems you had, design changes or questions. Make a labeled sketch that shows what you did. LOG # ate: YES I used complete sentences to describe my progress YES My description is neatly written and legible YES I used key terms when possible YES My drawing is large enough and centered in the space YES My line quality is sharp and precise (no smudges) YES Labels and dimensions are OUTSIE the drawing escribe what you did today. Mention any problems you had, design changes or questions. Make a labeled sketch that shows what you did. LOG # ate: YES I used complete sentences to describe my progress YES My description is neatly written and legible YES I used key terms when possible YES My drawing is large enough and centered in the space YES My line quality is sharp and precise (no smudges) YES Labels and dimensions are OUTSIE the drawing 1

15 escribe what you did today. Mention any problems you had, design changes or questions. Make a labeled sketch that shows what you did. LOG # ate: YES I used complete sentences to describe my progress YES My description is neatly written and legible YES I used key terms when possible YES My drawing is large enough and centered in the space YES My line quality is sharp and precise (no smudges) YES Labels and dimensions are OUTSIE the drawing escribe what you did today. Mention any problems you had, design changes or questions.. Make a labeled sketch that shows what you did. LOG #5 ate: YES I used complete sentences to describe my progress YES My description is neatly written and legible YES I used key terms when possible YES My drawing is large enough and centered in the space YES My line quality is sharp and precise (no smudges) YES Labels and dimensions are OUTSIE the drawing 15

16 ROKET FLIGHT ATA Trial 1 Altitude (m) Pressure (psi.) Amount of water (ml) Flew straight w/o tumbling or wobbling Rocket tumbled or wobbled; did not fly straight Parachute deployed for a soft landing Rocket or parachute did not function correctly 5 Things that worked or went well 1... Things that did not work or go well 1... Things that I redesigned (changed) 1... What the changes did 1... Things I d do differently next time 1... What these might do

17 APPLIE TEHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING Bottle Rocket Project GOAL #1: I AN use and follow the engineering design process in my design brief to solve problems about transportation technology. This is how I ll do it... a. I will make a collection of concept drawings that shows different ways to solve a transportation problem. b. I will make three-view drawings of my best idea with measurements & labels that others can follow. c. I will have an explanation for my best idea with specific reasons and supporting details. GOAL#: I AN choose, use and keep track of tools and materials and have good reasons for using them. This is how I ll do it... a. I will wear safety goggles and follow all safety procedures in the workshop. b. I ll keep track of my materials and not need any replacement parts. c. I will clean up my work space and put tools and materials back where they belong. Final Score d. I will create a written response to an open response question about transportation technology. e. I will keep track of my progress and design changes by completing engineering logs during the project. Engineering Log #1 Engineering Log # Engineering Log # Engineering Log # Engineering Log #5 f. I will collect and display data about my prototype and use it to evaluate how well it worked. GOAL#: I AN use tools and materials to build a prototype that works. This is how I ll do it... a. I will follow my building guide and make a bottle rocket that will fly straight, reach the highest altitude possible, and return safely to Earth. b. I will build a prototype that looks like a finished product without any loose parts, damaged or rough surfaces, dents, gouges or globs of glue. c. I will build, test and demonstrate a prototype that is sturdy, holds together and doesn t need repairs between multiple uses. omments: Final Score Final Score 17

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