Prisoners right to vote: the blurred line between the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Union

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Prisoners right to vote: the blurred line between the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Union"

Transcription

1 Prisoners right to vote: the blurred line between the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Union Contents Key Points 2 Background 3 Can the UK leave the ECHR and remain a member of the EU? 3 What would happen if the EU joins the ECHR? 5 The EU s Charter of Fundamental Rights 6 The case law of the European Court of Justice 8 Unilateral withdrawal from the ECHR would not be a full repatriation of human rights legislation 9 February 2011 Open Europe 7 Tufton Street London SW1P 3QN Tel: Fax:

2 Key points: Prisoners are currently denied the right to vote in all elections in the UK, including general elections, European Parliament elections and local elections. If MPs vote to reject the Government s suggested compromise to comply with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruling on granting voting rights to prisoners, the UK will need to find an alternative way forward. One possible option that has been suggested is the UK s withdrawal from the ECHR, which would allow the Government to ignore the Court s rulings. Despite the popular misconception, the UK could potentially withdraw from the ECHR and remain a member of the European Union. However, withdrawing from the ECHR would still leave a huge number of human rights locked in at the EU level. This is because first, the EU is set to join the ECHR in its own right and as a separate entity (although the UK has a veto over this) and secondly, the EU has its own catalogue of justiciable rights the so-called Charter of Fundamental Rights, enshrined in the Lisbon Treaty. The Charter allows citizens to contest rights set down in EU law at the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and, in future, possibly also the ECHR (when the EU accedes to it). This complicated arrangement will further blur the lines between the case law of the ECHR, EU courts and national courts, as argued by the Lord Chief Justice. It will also make it increasingly difficult for the UK to negotiate a carve out from European human rights legislation. The EU s so-called Stockholm Programme, a five year programme for EU justice and home affairs legislation, will also grant EU citizens additional rights and the ECJ will ultimately be responsible for enforcing them. If the UK Government wants to avoid future conflicts between national law and European human rights law and new law suits now is the time to seek castiron opt-outs: - Firstly, from the ECHR; - And secondly, along the lines of the original Conservative Party manifesto, from the EU s Charter of Fundamental Rights to avoid having to apply new EU laws amended to fulfil ECJ or ECHR rulings on rights. To illustrate why this matters: Withdrawal from the ECHR would allow the UK to ignore ECHR rulings on prisoners votes when it comes to general elections. However, as voting rights in European Parliament and local elections are covered by EU law as well as national law, their application in the UK could in future be challenged at the ECHR or the ECJ. The EU treaties state that the EU-wide right to vote in European Parliament elections are subject to the same conditions as nationals of that state. But it remains unclear how the various overlapping rights would be interpreted by the ECJ or the ECHR against the UK s blanket ban on prisoners voting rights. 2

3 Background Prisoners are currently denied the right to vote in all elections in the UK, including general elections, European Parliament elections and local elections. The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that the UK s blanket ban on prisoners is in violation of Article 3 of Protocol 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The Government has said it will do the minimum that is necessary to comply with the Strasbourg court s ruling 1. However, MPs are likely to vote against a Government-backed compromise allowing some prisoners the right to vote in general elections and European Parliament elections 2. MPs are being granted a free vote and Foreign Secretary William Hague has admitted that if the Government were defeated there would be a clash between parliament in this country and a convention on human rights that we signed 60 years ago, and of course we'll then have to decide what to do about that. 3 A former Government lawyer Carl Gardner has warned that a new ruling by the European Court of Human Rights 4 may mean that the Government s proposals to limit the right to vote to those sentenced to less than four years may be ruled impermissible by the Court. In the case Scoppola v Italy the Court found that a prisoner s rights were violated because Italian law barred him from voting on the basis of his sentence. The Court said, It is essential that the decision concerning the deprivation of voting rights be made by a judge and be duly motivated. 5 This would appear to prevent governments from setting automatic arbitrary thresholds at which to deprive voting rights. Options to overcome the constant intervention of the Strasbourg court that have been suggested are a renegotiation of the European Convention of Human Rights application to the UK, withdrawing from the Convention altogether, or at least the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights. The question is what this would mean for the UK s membership of the European Union. Despite often being confused in public debate, the European Convention on Human Rights and the Strasbourg European Court of Human Rights are separate from the EU. However, there is an increasing overlap that could complicate any UK decision to withdraw from the European Convention on Human Rights and if the UK wants to fully regain control over human rights legislation a wider opt out from EU level human rights legislation will be required. Can the UK leave the ECHR and remain a member of the EU? The growing links between the European Convention on Human Rights and the EU would make such a decision complicated but not impossible. All 27 member states of 1 William Hague speaking on the BBC s Andrew Marr show, 6 February See Cabinet Office Ministerial Statement, Hansard, 20 Dec 2010: Column 150WS; Speaking on the BBC s Andrew Marr show, 6 February He refers to the ECtHR s ruling in Scoppola v Italy; affaire-scoppola-c-italie-n-3.html; see Head of Legal, Prisoners votes: another dodgy ruling from the European Court, 18 January 2011; 5 Scoppola v Italy, paragraph 43; 3

4 the EU are signatories of the European Convention on Human Rights and being a signatory of the Convention has become a pre-condition for new countries seeking to join the EU. However, there is no formal requirement in the EU treaties binding on existing member states such as the UK to remain signatories to the European Convention on Human Rights. On behalf of the previous Labour Government, Lord Falconer of Thoroton, the Lord Chancellor, gave the opinion that the way that the relevant treaties are drafted does not express [continued adherence to the European Convention of Human Rights treaty] as a condition [of continued UK membership of the European Union]. 6 Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union states that the Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities... 7 Other EU member states have the power to suspend the UK Government s EU voting rights if they unanimously determine the existence of a serious and persistent breach of these values 8. But UK withdrawal from the Convention would not be a breach of these values in itself 9. Elsewhere the EU treaties state that: Fundamental rights, as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and as they result from the constitutional traditions common to the Member States, shall constitute general principles of the Union's law. 10 But this is not the same thing as requiring member states to be signed up to the Convention and neither of these EU Treaty clauses seem to be incompatible with UK withdrawal from the Convention and remaining a member of the EU. Withdrawal from the Convention should therefore be considered as a credible option as part of the solution to repatriating human rights powers to the UK. However, should the UK choose to withdraw from the European Convention on Human Rights this will be complicated by the EU s accession to the Convention in its own right, a process which started in July 2010 after the Lisbon Treaty came into force. 11 The practical example of voting rights for prisoners is an illustration of how 6 Cited in Policy Exchange, Bringing rights back home: making human rights compatible with parliamentary democracy in the UK, 2011, p13; B_07_02_11.pdf 7 Article 2 TEU 8 Article 7 TEU 9 For a discussion see Policy Exchange, Bringing rights back home: making human rights compatible with parliamentary democracy in the UK, 2011, p13; B_07_02_11.pdf 10 Article 6(3) TEU 11 Council of Europe press release, European Commission and Council of Europe kick off joint talks on EU's accession to the Convention on Human Rights, 7 July 2010; https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/viewdoc.jsp?ref=pr545%282010%29&language=lanenglish&ver=original&ba ckcolorinternet=f5ca75&backcolorintranet=f5ca75&backcolorlogged=a9bace 4

5 human rights legislation at the EU level might in the future conflict with UK withdrawal from the Convention. Withdrawing from the Convention would certainly enable the UK to ignore the European Court s ruling on prisoners rights to vote for general elections as they fall outside EU law and are purely a matter for the UK. But it is far from clear whether it would enable the UK to do so for local or European Parliament elections, as voting rights for these elections are covered by EU law as well as national law. What would happen if the EU joins the ECHR? The Lisbon Treaty states that the EU shall accede to the European Convention on Human Rights 12. After the EU s accession, the EU institutions and EU law would be subject to the Convention and individuals could challenge EU laws on the same basis that domestic laws are currently challenged at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. The UK currently has a veto over EU accession to the Convention as this must be decided by unanimity 13. EU accession to the Convention would therefore mean that, if the UK were to withdraw from the Convention, it would still be bound by the Convention in cases falling under EU law and jurisdiction. The huge number of areas now falling under the powers of the EU makes this a significant caveat and prisoners voting rights is an example of how these issues could cause conflict in the future. The EU Treaties establish Citizenship of the Union, which comes with certain rights. These include: The right to vote and to stand as candidates in elections to the European Parliament and in municipal elections in their Member State of residence, under the same conditions as nationals of that State; 14 Because the right to vote in European Parliament elections is also enshrined in EU law, rather than simply in national law, its application could in future be challenged at the European Court of Human Rights or the European Court of Justice. Although the EU treaties state that the right to vote is subject to the same conditions as nationals of that state, there would still be the potential for conflict between the UK s blanket ban on prisoners rights to vote and the European Court of Human Rights ruling. This could happen if, for example, once the EU becomes a signatory to the Convention, someone took the same case to the European Court of Human Rights and the Court ruled that the above EU law was illegal because it enabled member states to enforce a blanket ban on prisoners voting rights. Such a situation could see the European Court of Human Rights ruling on this issue re-emerge through the backdoor of the EU. 12 Article 6(2) TEU 13 Article 218(8) TFEU 14 Article 20(2)b TFEU 5

6 The wider point here is that should the EU modify any of its laws in order to comply with a ruling from the European Court of Human Rights, the UK would be obliged to apply the new EU law in Britain as a consequence of its EU membership. The EU s Charter of Fundamental Rights The issue is further complicated by the fact that, under the Lisbon Treaty, the EU s Charter of Fundamental Rights becomes an integral part of EU law and the Lisbon Treaty states that the Charter carries the same legal value as the Treaties. 15 The Charter, established in 2000, overlaps substantially with the European Convention on Human Rights in a number of areas. The Charter is not meant to apply to purely domestic laws but applies when national governments are implementing EU law. The Charter is clear, that where it overlaps with the Convention, the rights are the same as those laid down in the Convention on Human Rights. The Charter states that: In so far as this Charter contains rights which correspond to rights guaranteed by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the meaning and scope of those rights shall be the same as those laid down by the said Convention. 16 Giving the Charter the same legal effect as the EU treaties is hugely significant as, in the words of the Law Society, it will allow rights set down in the Charter to be recognised or interpreted in new ways. 17 The UK does not currently have an opt out from the Charter but secured a protocol to the Lisbon Treaty that, according to then Europe Minister Jim Murphy, clarifies the effect that the Charter will have in the UK. The Lisbon Treaty Protocol on the Charter states that: The Charter does not extend the ability of the Court of Justice of the European Union, or any court or tribunal of Poland or of the United Kingdom, to find that the laws, regulations or administrative provisions, practices or action of Poland or of the United Kingdom are inconsistent with the fundamental rights, freedoms and principles that it reaffirms. 18 However, as the Law Society said in 2008, Exactly how this Protocol will work in practice remains to be seen. 19 In 2008, the House of Lords EU Select Committee said that, 15 Article 6 TEU 16 Article 52(3), Charter of Fundamental Rights; 17 Law Society, A guide to the Treaty of Lisbon, January 2008, p17; 18 Protocol No.30 On the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to Poland and to the United Kingdom 19 Law Society, A guide to the Treaty of Lisbon, January 2008, p10; 6

7 Ultimately, the interpretation of the Protocol is a matter for the courts and, in both the national and EU contexts, we do not think it is possible at this stage to predict precisely what courts would decide if faced with the task of interpreting the Protocol s language. 20 On the subject of voting rights, Chapter V of the EU s Charter of Fundamental Rights repeats the rights set down in the EU treaties granting EU citizens the right to vote in European Parliament and municipal elections. The Charter states that: Every citizen of the Union has the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at elections to the European Parliament in the Member State in which he or she resides, under the same conditions as nationals of that State. 21 Every citizen of the Union has the right to vote and to stand as a candidate at municipal elections in the Member State in which he or she resides under the same conditions as nationals of that State. 22 As we have argued in the section above, the European Court of Human Rights could rule that these rights illegally enable the UK s blanket ban on prisoners voting rights, raising a potential conflict between UK and EU level rights. The unpredictability of the future application of the EU s Charter for Fundamental Rights is of huge concern because the Charter lays down rights in several areas including 23 : Article 8: The right to protection of personal data Data protection rules have a big impact on police investigations with some arguing that they make it harder for the police. Under the Charter the Court is able to define rules on data protection. It would also have big implications for the ongoing series of cases on passenger data sharing with the US. In May 2006, in Joined Cases C-317/04 and C-318/04 24, the Court annulled the decision authorising the conclusion of the agreement between the US and the EU on the transfer of personal data. Articles 7 and 9: The Right to family life and the Right to marry and found a family These rights could tip the balance in various cases relating to immigration and family reunification. In Case C-540/03, Parliament v Council [2006] the Court rejected an attempt by the European Parliament to overturn limits on family reunification, because, as it argued, existing pieces of EU legislation do not establish any absolute right regarding family reunification. Nor should the application be examined in light of the Charter given that the Charter does not constitute a source of Community law. 25 Now the Charter is legally binding could clearly mean that future cases of this kind could go the other way. Article 21: No discrimination on grounds of nationality While the idea of no discrimination sounds uncontroversial, in legal terms the inability to make any 20 House of Lords EU Committee, The Treaty of Lisbon: an impact assessment, March 2008, p106; 21 Article 39, Charter of Fundamental Rights 22 Article 40, Charter of Fundamental Rights 23 See Open Europe, A guide to the Constitutional Treaty, second edition, February 2008, p48-50; 24 See Cases C-317/04 and C-318/04; 25 See Case C-540/03; 7

8 decisions which affect nationals of non-eu member states differently to those of EU member states can have significant implications for social security and border policy. In an amendment to the European Convention which later became the Lisbon Treaty the UK Government said that such an article would have very wide-ranging consequences if applied to all nationalities, as opposed to only those of the Union. 26 However, it remains in the Charter. The case law of the European Court of Justice As we noted above the EU treaties state that: Fundamental rights, as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and as they result from the constitutional traditions common to the Member States, shall constitute general principles of the Union's law. 27 As a result, the European Court of Justice has increasingly referred to the Convention in its case law when interpreting EU legislation. This has had the effect of incorporating much of the Convention into EU law in practice. In a 2010 lecture, the Lord Chief of Justice Lord Judge warned of the increasing overlap between the EU s European Court of Justice in Luxembourg and the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. He said that, The [EU's] European Court of Justice is beginning to acquire jurisdiction over matters that would normally be regarded as matters not for Luxembourg but for Strasbourg. 28 The EU s so-called Stockholm Programme, a five year programme for EU justice and home affairs legislation 29, will also grant EU citizens additional rights in criminal proceedings. Lord Judge said of the programme: The EU has recently signed up to what is called a roadmap of five areas of criminal procedure which must be addressed within the next 5 years to protect and guarantee the rights of EU citizens. I thought that was the job of the Convention. This is significant because under the Lisbon Treaty, the European Court of Justice gained full jurisdiction over all criminal justice laws and will have the ultimate say over these new EU level rights. Lord Judge made the wider observation that little thought had been given to the consequences of the European Court of Justice s new role in criminal matters and the blurring of its relationship with the European Convention on Human Rights: There are problems around these matters, and indeed there has been much discussion among our political parties about the Convention. So I shall not enter further into turbulent political waters. It is, however safe to anticipate that unless there are some dramatic changes, new and additional training 26 Amendment proposed by then Europe Minister Peter Hain MP. See 27 Article 6(3) TEU 28 The Judicial Studies Board Lecture, Inner Temple, 17 March 2010; 29 See European Commission, Action Plan Implementing the Stockholm Programme, 20 April 2010; 8

9 requirements will be required before too long, and that the development of the European Union, and the extended jurisdiction of the European court in criminal matter, will have a significant impact domestically. Twenty years down the line, where will we be? 30 Unilateral withdrawal from the ECHR would not be a full repatriation of human rights legislation The growing role of the EU in human rights legislation has blurred the lines between national legislation, the European Convention on Human Rights and EU legislation. As a result, the UK cannot fully repatriate human rights legislation simply by withdrawing from the European Convention on Human Rights. The EU s accession to the European Convention on Human Rights could allow the European Court of Human Rights rulings to impact on the UK through the back door. If the EU decided to amend any of its laws in order to fulfil judgements from the Court of Human Rights, the UK would be obliged to implement the new laws in Britain. This would hugely dilute a unilateral UK withdrawal from the Convention. Should the UK take the option of withdrawing from the Convention it should also seek to negotiate a genuine opt out from the EU s Charter of Fundamental Rights and guarantees that any rulings from the European Court of Human Rights on EU legislation are not applicable to the UK. The European Court of Justice s growing body of case law is a more complicated problem. It will continue to blur the lines between the Convention on Human Rights, the Charter of Fundamental Rights and EU law and this will impact on the rulings of national courts. A UK opt out from the Charter should have the aim of avoiding having to apply new EU laws amended to fulfil European Court of Justice or European Court of Human Rights rulings on rights. 30 The Judicial Studies Board Lecture, Inner Temple, 17 March 2010; 9

PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE UK THE CONSERVATIVES PROPOSALS FOR CHANGING BRITAIN S HUMAN RIGHTS LAWS

PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE UK THE CONSERVATIVES PROPOSALS FOR CHANGING BRITAIN S HUMAN RIGHTS LAWS PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE UK THE CONSERVATIVES PROPOSALS FOR CHANGING BRITAIN S HUMAN RIGHTS LAWS HUMAN RIGHTS IN CONTEXT Britain has a long history of protecting human rights at home and standing

More information

Relationship of the Charter to the ECHR and national human rights provisions

Relationship of the Charter to the ECHR and national human rights provisions Relationship of the Charter to the ECHR and national human rights provisions The Charter of Fundamental Rights ERA Training Seminar Dr Tobias Lock Lecturer School of Law t.lock@surrey.ac.uk Outline Introduction:

More information

Section 1: Development of the EU s competence in the field of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters

Section 1: Development of the EU s competence in the field of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters CALL FOR EVIDENCE ON THE GOVERNMENT S REVIEW OF THE BALANCE OF COMPETENCES BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE EUROPEAN UNION Police and Criminal Justice LEGAL ANNEX Section 1: Development of the EU s competence

More information

The role of the European Court of Justice in the protection of human rights. Marc Jaeger, President of the General Court of the European Union

The role of the European Court of Justice in the protection of human rights. Marc Jaeger, President of the General Court of the European Union The role of the European Court of Justice in the protection of human rights Marc Jaeger, President of the General Court of the European Union 1. Introduction With regards to our Session on General interest

More information

THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY

THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY In areas which do not fall within the Union s exclusive competence, the principle of subsidiarity, laid down in the Treaty on European Union, defines the circumstances in

More information

Brexit: Will it happen? What happens if it happens?

Brexit: Will it happen? What happens if it happens? Page 1 Brexit: Will it happen? What happens if it happens? Marie Bates 4 March 2016 A referendum is to be held on 23 June 2016 on the United Kingdom's continued membership of the European Union (EU). This

More information

THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, THE EU CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE

THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, THE EU CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, THE EU CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE The impact of European Union accession to the European Convention on Human Rights by Francis

More information

Statewatch Analysis - Update. The Proposed European Investigation Order

Statewatch Analysis - Update. The Proposed European Investigation Order Statewatch Analysis - Update The Proposed European Investigation Order Steve Peers Professor of Law, University of Essex Introduction In April 2010, a group of seven Member States tabled an initiative

More information

Proposal for a COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the law applicable to divorce and legal separation

Proposal for a COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the law applicable to divorce and legal separation EUROPEAN COMMISSION Proposal for a Brussels, 24.3.2010 COM(2010) 105 final 2010/0067 (CNS) C7-0315/10 COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the law applicable to divorce

More information

LEGAL BASIS COMMON RULES

LEGAL BASIS COMMON RULES THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: ELECTORAL PROCEDURES The procedures for electing the European Parliament are governed both by European legislation defining rules common to all Member States and by specific national

More information

Full list of mistakes and omissions of the English Version of the Hungarian draft- Constitution

Full list of mistakes and omissions of the English Version of the Hungarian draft- Constitution Full list of mistakes and omissions of the English Version of the Hungarian draft- Constitution This document contains the full list of mistakes and omissions of the draft-constitution English version.

More information

Voting Eligibility (Prisoners) Draft Bill

Voting Eligibility (Prisoners) Draft Bill Voting Eligibility (Prisoners) Draft Bill November 2012 Presented to Parliament by the Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice by Command of Her Majesty November 2012 Cm 8499 10.75 Crown copyright

More information

Strasbourg, 10 June 2013 47+1(2013)008rev2

Strasbourg, 10 June 2013 47+1(2013)008rev2 Strasbourg, 10 June 2013 47+1(2013)008rev2 FIFTH NEGOTIATION MEETING BETWEEN THE CDDH AD HOC NEGOTIATION GROUP AND THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION ON THE ACCESSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION TO THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION

More information

Protocol No. 14 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, amending the control system of the Convention

Protocol No. 14 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, amending the control system of the Convention Protocol No. 14 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, amending the control system of the Convention Strasbourg, 13.V.2004 Convention Protocol Protocols: No. 4 No.

More information

Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16

Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16 Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16 Summary The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (the Commission):

More information

The EU Democratic Governance Pact

The EU Democratic Governance Pact The EU Democratic Governance Pact Upholding the Rule of law and Fundamental Rights ALDE initiative outline The EU Democratic Governance Pact Upholding the Rule of law and Fundamental Rights ALDE initiative

More information

Main characteristics of EU Law Relations between EU Law and National Legal Systems

Main characteristics of EU Law Relations between EU Law and National Legal Systems European Institute of Public Administration - Institut européen d administration publique Main characteristics of EU Law Relations between EU Law and National Legal Systems Tomasz KRAMER Lecturer European

More information

The impact of the Lisbon Treaty on climate and energy policy - an environmental perspective

The impact of the Lisbon Treaty on climate and energy policy - an environmental perspective ClientEarth legal briefing, January 2010 The impact of the Lisbon Treaty on climate and energy policy The Lisbon Treaty, signed in Lisbon on 13 December 2007 and designed to change the workings of the

More information

The EU Referendum and Human Rights. A Briefing Note. June 2016

The EU Referendum and Human Rights. A Briefing Note. June 2016 The EU Referendum and Human Rights A Briefing Note June 2016 The Human Rights Consortium is a coalition of over 160 civil society organisations from across Northern Ireland representing a diverse range

More information

EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS : QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS : QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS : QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS REGISTRY OF THE COURT 2 WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS? T he European Court of Human Rights is an international court based in Strasbourg.

More information

European Court of Human Rights. Questions & Answers

European Court of Human Rights. Questions & Answers European Court of Human Rights Questions & Answers Questions & Answers What is the European Court of Human Rights? These questions and answers have been prepared by the Registry of the Court. The document

More information

The new European directive on the rights to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings

The new European directive on the rights to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings Caroline Morgan, European Commission The new European directive on the rights to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings 1 Introduction On 20 October 2010, the European Parliament and the

More information

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU and Human Rights Protection in Europe

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU and Human Rights Protection in Europe Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU and Human Rights Protection in Europe Professor Dr. Thomas Giegerich, LL.M. (Univ. of Virginia) Europa-Institut, Saarland University Jean Monnet Chair for EU Law

More information

Review of the Balance of Competences between the United Kingdom and the European Union Civil Judicial Cooperation

Review of the Balance of Competences between the United Kingdom and the European Union Civil Judicial Cooperation Review of the Balance of Competences between the United Kingdom and the European Union Civil Judicial Cooperation February 2014 Review of the Balance of Competences between the United Kingdom and the European

More information

DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR A NEW SETTLEMENT FOR THE UK WITHIN THE EU

DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR A NEW SETTLEMENT FOR THE UK WITHIN THE EU BRIEFING DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR A NEW SETTLEMENT FOR THE UK WITHIN THE EU FEBRUARY 2016 ON 02 FEBRUARY 2016, THE PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL PUT FORWARD A DRAFT PROPOSAL FOR A NEW SETTLEMENT FOR THE

More information

Common Sense or Confusion?

Common Sense or Confusion? Report Common Sense or Confusion? The Human Rights Act and the Conservative Party Stephen Dimelow Alison L Young COMMON SENSE OR CONFUSION? THE HUMAN RIGHTS ACT AND THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY By Stephen Dimelow

More information

CASE LAW UPDATE: AN HISTORIC WIN FOR WORKERS' RIGHTS. The Supreme Court Of Canada Releases New Labour Trilogy

CASE LAW UPDATE: AN HISTORIC WIN FOR WORKERS' RIGHTS. The Supreme Court Of Canada Releases New Labour Trilogy January 30, 2015 CASE LAW UPDATE: AN HISTORIC WIN FOR WORKERS' RIGHTS The Supreme Court Of Canada Releases New Labour Trilogy In an exciting start to 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada has released three

More information

Statewatch Analysis EU Lisbon Treaty Analysis no 4: UK and Irish opt-outs from EU Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) law

Statewatch Analysis EU Lisbon Treaty Analysis no 4: UK and Irish opt-outs from EU Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) law Statewatch Analysis EU Lisbon Treaty Analysis no 4: UK and Irish opt-outs from EU Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) law Prepared by Professor Steve Peers, University of Essex Version 3: 26 June 2009 1. Introduction

More information

Devolution of Policing & Criminal Justice to Northern Ireland. An Aid for Dialogue. European Union

Devolution of Policing & Criminal Justice to Northern Ireland. An Aid for Dialogue. European Union European Union European Regional Development Fund Investing in your future Devolution of Policing & Criminal Justice to Northern Ireland An Aid for Dialogue Devolution of Policing & Criminal Justice to

More information

Citizenship. Programme of study for key stage 3 and attainment target (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007)

Citizenship. Programme of study for key stage 3 and attainment target (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007) Citizenship Programme of study for key stage 3 and attainment target (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007) Crown copyright 2007 Qualifications and Curriculum Authority 2007 Curriculum

More information

WS2 Separation of Powers: Essay Plan

WS2 Separation of Powers: Essay Plan WS2 Separation of Powers: Essay Plan STEP 1: INTRODUCTION: Define, explain and contextualise the Separation of Powers, and outline the two opposing schools of thought 1. Separation of powers = a political

More information

BASIC GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS TAKING THEIR CASE TO THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

BASIC GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS TAKING THEIR CASE TO THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS BASIC GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS TAKING THEIR CASE TO THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS This document is a basic guide to the rights protected by the European Convention on Human Rights and the operation of

More information

Potential mechanisms for a UK exit from the European Union and what follows next

Potential mechanisms for a UK exit from the European Union and what follows next Brexit legal consequences for commercial parties Potential mechanisms for a UK exit from the European Union and what follows next May 2016 Issue in focus The European Union is governed by two Treaties,

More information

SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES

SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES Table of Contents SAFE THIRD COUNTRY CASES 1. Introduction 1.1 Application of this Instruction in Respect of Children and those with Children 2. The Dublin Arrangements 3. The

More information

10 DOWNING STREET LONDON SWtA 2AA A NEW SETTLEMENT FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM IN A REFORMED EUROPEAN UNION

10 DOWNING STREET LONDON SWtA 2AA A NEW SETTLEMENT FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM IN A REFORMED EUROPEAN UNION > 10 DOWNING STREET LONDON SWtA 2AA THE PRIME MINISTER 10 November 2015 A NEW SETTLEMENT FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM IN A REFORMED EUROPEAN UNION Thank you for inviting me to write setting out the areas where

More information

A Guide to the Human Rights Act

A Guide to the Human Rights Act A Guide to the Human Rights Act A booklet for People with Learning Disabilities Human Rights Human Rights Illustrations by CHANGE Picture Bank What s inside This booklet,..................................1

More information

Dialogue of Judges - The impact of the European Court of Human Rights Judgements on Turkish Constitutional Court s Case-Law

Dialogue of Judges - The impact of the European Court of Human Rights Judgements on Turkish Constitutional Court s Case-Law Co.Co.A. Comparing Constitutional Adjudication A Summer School on Comparative Interpretation of European Constitutional Jurisprudence 4th Edition - 2009 The "dialogue of judges" and the mutual influence

More information

Council of the European Union Brussels, 12 September 2014 (OR. en)

Council of the European Union Brussels, 12 September 2014 (OR. en) Council of the European Union Brussels, 12 September 2014 (OR. en) Interinstitutional File: 2013/0409 (COD) 13132/14 NOTE From: To: Presidency DROIPEN 104 COPEN 218 CODEC 1799 Working Party on Substantive

More information

Annex 1 Primary sources for international standards

Annex 1 Primary sources for international standards Annex 1 Primary sources for international standards 1. The United Nations The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 20 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

More information

On the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights

On the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights EASTERN JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN STUDIES Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2011 57 On the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights Aurora CIUCĂ

More information

The guidance will be developed over time in the light of practical experience.

The guidance will be developed over time in the light of practical experience. Freedom of Information Act Awareness Guidance No. 14 International Relations The Information Commissioner s Office (ICO) has produced this guidance as part of a series of good practice guidance designed

More information

Personal Data Protection

Personal Data Protection Data Protection Personal Data Protection Protection of personal data Living in an area of freedom, security and justice Croatia and Turkey Screening Chapter 23 - Judiciary and fundamental rights Brussels,

More information

The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters

The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters Kondorosi Ferenc Under Secretary of State Ministry of Justice Hungary Criminal law is the branch of law, in which society s expectations

More information

Law governing Political Parties

Law governing Political Parties Law governing Political Parties Organisational Law no. 2/2003 of 22 August 2003, as amended by Organisation Law no. 2/2008 of 14 May 2008 In accordance with Article 161(c) of the Constitution, the Assembly

More information

The Challenge of Constitutional Reform

The Challenge of Constitutional Reform The Challenge of Constitutional Reform An Examination of Trinidad and Tobago s Constitution by Dr. Hamid Ghany Senior Lecturer and Dean Faculty of Social Sciences Foundations of the Constitution 1. In

More information

Brexit essentials: Renegotiation of the UK s relationship with the EU

Brexit essentials: Renegotiation of the UK s relationship with the EU Brexit essentials: Renegotiation of the UK s relationship with the EU Prior to the in/out referendum on the UK s membership of the European Union, Prime Minister David Cameron promised first to attempt

More information

ENAR Fact Sheet 38. European law and equality: An introduction

ENAR Fact Sheet 38. European law and equality: An introduction ENAR Fact Sheet 38 European law and equality: An introduction February 2009 European law has had, and continues to have, a powerful effect in broadening and strengthening national laws on equality of the

More information

ARTICLE 19 s Response to the Council of Europe Consultation on Search Engines and Social Networking Sites

ARTICLE 19 s Response to the Council of Europe Consultation on Search Engines and Social Networking Sites ARTICLE 19 s Response to the Council of Europe Consultation on Search Engines and Social Networking Sites September 2011 Summary ARTICLE 19 generally welcomes the Council of Europe Draft Recommendations,

More information

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 20.9.2011 COM(2011) 573 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE

More information

NEGOTIATING FRAMEWORK FOR TURKEY. Principles governing the negotiations

NEGOTIATING FRAMEWORK FOR TURKEY. Principles governing the negotiations NEGOTIATING FRAMEWORK FOR TURKEY Principles governing the negotiations 1. The negotiations will be based on Turkey's own merits and the pace will depend on Turkey's progress in meeting the requirements

More information

Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community

Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community CONFERENCE OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE MEMBER STATES Brussels, 3 December 2007 (OR. fr) CIG 14/07 Subject : Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing

More information

Background briefing on the Crown Dependencies: Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. The Ministry of Justice Crown Dependencies Branch

Background briefing on the Crown Dependencies: Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. The Ministry of Justice Crown Dependencies Branch Background briefing on the Crown Dependencies: Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man The Ministry of Justice Crown Dependencies Branch Background briefing on the Crown Dependencies (Bailiwick of Jersey,

More information

CONSULTATION RESPONSE BY THOMPSONS SOLICITORS SCOTLAND

CONSULTATION RESPONSE BY THOMPSONS SOLICITORS SCOTLAND CONSULTATION RESPONSE BY THOMPSONS SOLICITORS SCOTLAND SCOTTISH GOVERNMENT CONSULTATION ON THE DRAFT ORDER IN COUNCIL FOR THE TRANSFER OF SPECIFIED FUNCTIONS OF THE EMPLOYMENT TRIBUNAL TO THE FIRST TIER

More information

CHAPTER II. ESTABLISHMENT AND ACTIVITIES OF POLITICAL PARTIES

CHAPTER II. ESTABLISHMENT AND ACTIVITIES OF POLITICAL PARTIES LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN ON POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. Citizens' right to associate into political parties Citizens' right to associate into political parties is

More information

EDRi s. January 2015. European Digital Rights Rue Belliard 20, 1040 Brussels www.edri.org @EDRi tel. +32 (0) 2 274 25 70

EDRi s. January 2015. European Digital Rights Rue Belliard 20, 1040 Brussels www.edri.org @EDRi tel. +32 (0) 2 274 25 70 EDRi s Red lines on TTIP January 2015 European Digital Rights Rue Belliard 20, 1040 Brussels www.edri.org @EDRi tel. +32 (0) 2 274 25 70 ABOUT EDRI European Digital Rights is a network of 34 privacy and

More information

Zambrano and McCarthy: what it means for residents in Northern Ireland

Zambrano and McCarthy: what it means for residents in Northern Ireland LAW CENTRE (NI) INFORMATION BRIEFING February 2012 Zambrano and McCarthy: what it means for residents in Northern Ireland At a glance European Union (EU) case law has established that a non-eea parent

More information

Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs European Parliament 2014-2019 Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs 2015/2254(INL) 5.4.2016 DRAFT REPORT with recommendations to the Commission on the establishment of an EU mechanism

More information

Legal Aspects of MAS Design spm4423

Legal Aspects of MAS Design spm4423 Legal Aspects of MAS Design spm4423 Nienke Saanen 13 February 2013 Delft University of Technology Challenge the future Course information Blackboard, Course information: Information sheet Lectures: Wednesdays,

More information

Human Rights Awareness Training for School Managers Aims and Objectives

Human Rights Awareness Training for School Managers Aims and Objectives Human Rights Awareness Training for School Managers Aims and Objectives To introduce key Articles of the ECHR and UNCRC applicable to Education To highlight the implications for school policy, procedure

More information

Rights and obligations of European Union membership

Rights and obligations of European Union membership Rights and obligations of European Union membership April 2016 Rights and obligations of European Union membership Presented to Parliament pursuant to section 7 of the European Union Referendum Act 2015.

More information

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Description of and rationale for changes 1) What are the proposed legislative changes? The new rules will allow us to focus on getting the people we need. Anyone will still be

More information

Clause 2 of the European Union Bill the Constitution s Passerelle Provisions

Clause 2 of the European Union Bill the Constitution s Passerelle Provisions HOUSE OF LORDS European Union Committee 15th Report of Session 2004-05 Clause 2 of the European Union Bill the Constitution s Passerelle Provisions Report Ordered to be printed 5 April 2005 and published

More information

IX The Relationship Between

IX The Relationship Between IX The Relationship Between EU Law and National Law The Hierarchical Model: The Doctrine of Supremacy as established by the EU Court of Justice The principle of supremacy of EU law over national law in

More information

The Role of the Attorney- General: an Australian Perspective

The Role of the Attorney- General: an Australian Perspective The Role of the Attorney- General: an Australian Perspective Speech given by Ross Ray QC, President, Law Council of Australia at the International Bar Association Conference, Buenos Aires Monday 13 October

More information

The future of the European Union and the Lisbon Treaty. Marie-José Garot IE Law School Center for European Studies, IE University

The future of the European Union and the Lisbon Treaty. Marie-José Garot IE Law School Center for European Studies, IE University The future of the European Union and the Lisbon Treaty Marie-José Garot IE Law School Center for European Studies, IE University Introduction The one-year old Lisbon Treaty The special European context

More information

This letter is to provide you with our views on the minimum criteria for the impact assessment and subsequent legislative proposal.

This letter is to provide you with our views on the minimum criteria for the impact assessment and subsequent legislative proposal. Dear Commissioner Malmström, As you know, we have been closely involved in consultations with the European Commission with regard to the impact assessment on, and probable review of, the Data Retention

More information

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION. of XXX. on the right to legal aid for suspects or accused persons in criminal proceedings

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION. of XXX. on the right to legal aid for suspects or accused persons in criminal proceedings EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, XXX C(2013) 8179/2 COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of XXX on the right to legal aid for suspects or accused persons in criminal proceedings EN EN COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of XXX

More information

The non-paper on Intra-EU investment treaties tabled by Austria, France, Finland, Germany and the Netherlands, dated 7 April 2016

The non-paper on Intra-EU investment treaties tabled by Austria, France, Finland, Germany and the Netherlands, dated 7 April 2016 The non-paper on Intra-EU investment treaties tabled by Austria, France, Finland, Germany and the Netherlands, dated 7 April 2016 Preliminary analysis by the Seattle-to-Brussels Network, 18 May 2016 Giving

More information

Lobbying: Sweet Smell of Success?

Lobbying: Sweet Smell of Success? Lobbying: Sweet Smell of Success? A case study on the transparency of lobbying around sugar regulation in the European Union and Spain 1. Introduction It is essential that government decision making be

More information

Why the Constitution is so important

Why the Constitution is so important Why the Constitution is so important Parliament passed the Constitution in 1996. The Constitution contains the most important rules of our political system. It protects the rights of the people inside

More information

Section 4: Ne Bis in Idem

Section 4: Ne Bis in Idem 51 Section 4: Ne Bis in Idem Article 8: Ne Bis in Idem (Double Jeopardy) A person may not be tried for a criminal offense for which he or she has previously been finally convicted or acquitted, unless

More information

The Århus Convention by Jens Hamer, ERA

The Århus Convention by Jens Hamer, ERA The Århus Convention by Jens Hamer, ERA I. Introduction This dossier deals with the so called Århus Convention, an international environmental treaty aiming at involving citizens in the environmental decision

More information

BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT Consultation Response to:

BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT Consultation Response to: BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT Consultation Response to: A Comprehensive Approach to Personal Data Protection in the European Union Dated: 15 January 2011 BCS The Chartered Institute for IT First

More information

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 20.7.2016 COM(2016) 505 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS on the proposal for a Directive amending

More information

Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship

Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship Section One: Citizenship The concept of citizenship goes all the way back to ancient Greece. In the Greek city states, citizens were people who

More information

CONSTITUTION OF GRENADA (RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS) (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2016 EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

CONSTITUTION OF GRENADA (RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS) (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2016 EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM Bill 1 CONSTITUTION OF GRENADA (RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS) (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2016 EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM The various clauses of the Bill for the Constitution of Grenada (Rights and Freedoms) (Amendment) Act,

More information

Council of the European Union Brussels, 14 November 2014 (OR. en) Ensuring respect for the rule of law in the European Union

Council of the European Union Brussels, 14 November 2014 (OR. en) Ensuring respect for the rule of law in the European Union Council of the European Union Brussels, 14 November 2014 (OR. en) 15206/14 FREMP 198 JAI 846 COHOM 152 POLG 156 NOTE From: To: Subject: Presidency Council Ensuring respect for the rule of law in the European

More information

CCBE RESPONSE REGARDING THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON CLOUD COMPUTING

CCBE RESPONSE REGARDING THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON CLOUD COMPUTING CCBE RESPONSE REGARDING THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON CLOUD COMPUTING CCBE response regarding the European Commission Public Consultation on Cloud Computing The Council of Bars and Law

More information

SECOND REPORT ON CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES RAISED BY THE RATIFICATION OF THE ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

SECOND REPORT ON CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES RAISED BY THE RATIFICATION OF THE ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT Strasbourg, 4 November 2008 Study no. 498/2008 Or. Engl. EUROPEAN COMMISSION FOR DEMOCRACY THROUGH LAW (VENICE COMMISSION) SECOND REPORT ON CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES RAISED BY THE RATIFICATION OF THE ROME

More information

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Strasbourg, 15.12.2015 COM(2015) 677 final 2015/0314 (NLE) Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit

More information

PRISONERS INTERNATIONAL TRANSFER (QUEENSLAND) ACT 1997

PRISONERS INTERNATIONAL TRANSFER (QUEENSLAND) ACT 1997 Queensland PRISONERS INTERNATIONAL TRANSFER (QUEENSLAND) ACT 1997 Reprinted as in force on 1 April 1999 (Act not amended up to this date) Reprint No. 1 This reprint is prepared by the Office of the Queensland

More information

WITHDRAWAL FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION: A TYPOLOGY OF EFFECTS

WITHDRAWAL FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION: A TYPOLOGY OF EFFECTS WITHDRAWAL FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION: A TYPOLOGY OF EFFECTS Phedon Nicolaides* 1 ABSTRACT This paper examines Article 50 TEU and develops a typology of the possible effects of the withdrawal of a Member

More information

China s Market Economy Status

China s Market Economy Status POSITION PAPER December 2015 China s Market Economy Status KEY MESSAGES 1 2 3 4 5 The question of Market Economy Status (MES) should be treated in accordance with WTO and EU rules and be based on its own

More information

JUSTICE note on the draft framework decision on ne bis in idem

JUSTICE note on the draft framework decision on ne bis in idem JUSTICE note on the draft framework decision on ne bis in idem For further information contact: Marisa Leaf, EU Legal Officer Email: mleaf@justice.org.uk Tel: 020 7762 6413 November 2003 JUSTICE, 59 Carter

More information

10615/16 1 JUR LIMITE EN

10615/16 1 JUR LIMITE EN Council of the European Union Brussels, 1 July 2016 (OR. en) 10615/16 INFORMATION NOTE From: Legal Service LIMITE JUR 321 INST 278 ECOFIN 652 FISC 111 To: Permanent Representatives Committee (Part 2) Subject:

More information

Citizenship. (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007) Crown copyright 2007 Qualifications and Curriculum Authority 2007

Citizenship. (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007) Crown copyright 2007 Qualifications and Curriculum Authority 2007 Citizenship Programme of study for key stage 4 (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007) Crown copyright 2007 Qualifications and Curriculum Authority 2007 Curriculum aims Learning and undertaking

More information

The IWC Proposed Consensus Decision and EU law duties regarding whales

The IWC Proposed Consensus Decision and EU law duties regarding whales The IWC Proposed Consensus Decision and EU law duties regarding whales Prof. Dr. Ludwig Krämer Senior Counsel, ClientEarth; Sandy Luk Senior Lawyer, Marine Programme, ClientEarth; Rowan Ryrie Marine Biodiversity

More information

THE AIRE CENTRE Advice on Individual Rights in Europe

THE AIRE CENTRE Advice on Individual Rights in Europe THE AIRE CENTRE Advice on Individual Rights in Europe Monitoring Report on the Implementation by the United Kingdom of EU Directive 2011/36 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings July

More information

LAW ON THE PROTECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

LAW ON THE PROTECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS LAW ON THE PROTECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS Podgorica, July 2003 LAW ON THE PROTECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS I BASIC PROVISIONS Article 1 Establishing the Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms

More information

Making sense of human rights

Making sense of human rights Making sense of human rights A short introduction Introduction This guide is designed for officials in public authorities to assist them in working with the Human Rights Act 1998 which has been described

More information

Factsheet on. Investor-State Dispute Settlement

Factsheet on. Investor-State Dispute Settlement Factsheet on Investor-State Dispute Settlement 3 October 2013 1. What is Investor-State Dispute Settlement ('ISDS')? ISDS is a procedural mechanism provided for in international agreements on investment.

More information

EFFAT Präsidium BRÜSSEL, 13. September 2016

EFFAT Präsidium BRÜSSEL, 13. September 2016 EFFAT Präsidium BRÜSSEL, 13. September 2016 Tagesordnungspunkt 5: AKTUALISIERUNG ÜBER EU FRAGEN Beschluss: Das Präsidium nimmt die Berichte zur Kenntniss und genehmigt die vorgelegten Berichte UPDATE ON

More information

Minister Shatter presents Presidency priorities in the JHA area to European Parliament

Minister Shatter presents Presidency priorities in the JHA area to European Parliament Minister Shatter presents Presidency priorities in the JHA area to European Parliament 22 nd January 2013 The Minister for Justice, Equality and Defence, Alan Shatter TD, today presented the Irish Presidency

More information

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 13.2.2012 COM(2012) 39 final 2012/0018 (NLE) Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the conclusion of the Agreement on certain aspects of air services between the European Union

More information

Voting Rights of Convicted Prisoners Detained within the United Kingdom

Voting Rights of Convicted Prisoners Detained within the United Kingdom Voting Rights of Convicted Prisoners Detained within the United Kingdom Second stage consultation Consultation Paper CP6/09 Published on 8 April 2009 This consultation will end on 29 September 2009 Voting

More information

The Scottish Human Rights Commission. Response to Scottish Government Consultation. March 2014

The Scottish Human Rights Commission. Response to Scottish Government Consultation. March 2014 The Scottish Human Rights Commission THE REGULATION OF INVESTIGATORY POWERS (SCOTLAND) ACT 2000: REVISED CODES OF PRACTICE FOR COVERT SURVEILLANCE AND COVERT HUMAN INTELLIGENCE SOURCES. Response to Scottish

More information

Assessment: The Constitution: A More Perfect Union

Assessment: The Constitution: A More Perfect Union Name Date Assessment: The Constitution: A More Perfect Union Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why is the U.S. Constitution called a living document? A. It has changed

More information

Wales Bill EXPLANATORY NOTES. Explanatory notes to the Bill, prepared by the Wales Office, are published separately as Bill 5 EN.

Wales Bill EXPLANATORY NOTES. Explanatory notes to the Bill, prepared by the Wales Office, are published separately as Bill 5 EN. EXPLANATORY NOTES Explanatory notes to the Bill, prepared by the Wales Office, are published separately as Bill EN. EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Secretary Alun Cairns has made the following statement

More information

From: Head of Prison Administration Department, Legislation and International Relations Research Office, Ministry of Justice

From: Head of Prison Administration Department, Legislation and International Relations Research Office, Ministry of Justice Translation of letter Undated From: Head of Prison Administration Department, Legislation and International Relations Research Office, Ministry of Justice To: DG JUST B.1 Ref: US-INT--2-4/4 Subject: Strengthening

More information

A COMPARATIVE TABLE OF THE CURRENT EC AND EU TREATIES AS AMENDED BY THE TREATY OF LISBON

A COMPARATIVE TABLE OF THE CURRENT EC AND EU TREATIES AS AMENDED BY THE TREATY OF LISBON Foreign and Commonwealth Office London A COMPARATIVE TABLE OF THE CURRENT EC AND EU TREATIES AS AMENDED BY THE TREATY OF LISBON 9.25 A COMPARATIVE TABLE OF THE CURRENT EC AND EU TREATIES AS AMENDED BY

More information