strengthening the collection and use of international migration data for development, September 2015

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1 strengthening the collection and use of international migration data for development, September 2015 By Magid Ali BSC-LIBYA 1

2 OVERVIEW Bureau of Statistics and Census 1- Population and Census: 1954, 1964, 1973, 1984, 1995, The demographic national survey of population (2012) - population and housing census 2017? Total population 2015 reaches 6,228,658

3 Estimated population by sex Year Female Male Total ,610,639 2,735,343 2,784,122 2,833,691 2,883,880 2,934,512 2,985,408 3,036,393 3,087,301 3,166,244 2,687,513 2,657,982 2,706,356 2,755,598 2,805,538 2,856,006 2,906,831 2,957,849 3,008,907 3,062,413 5,298,152 5,393,325 5,490,478 5,589,289 5,689,419 5,790,518 5,892,239 5,994,241 6,096,208 6,228,658

4 2- Household surveys - Labor force survey ( ) - Economic and Social Survey "expenditure and income (2003,2008) - IT survey (2010, 2013) - Family Health Survey (1997,2003,2007,2014). 3- Administrative registration

5 The Demographic-Economic Framework of Migration Libya has been an important country of immigration in the framework of international: 768,372 migrants fled the country in 2011

6 The Export zones illegal immigration through Libya Horn of Africa: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan African coast: Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Cameroon Middle East: Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Iraq and Yemen Maghreb: Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco

7 Stage one : Horn of Africa : This trip start from Kassala or South Kordofan in Sudan to Europe and takes from two to three weeks, and the cost of this trip is about 260 to 380 American dollar. African coast : This trip starts from the city of Agadez in northern Niger to Europe and takes from weeks to month, the cost of this trip start from 150 to 300 American dollar. middle East Migrants often comes individually through legitimate entrances except the Syrians banned from entering Libya and in Libya they start communicate with smugglers to make arrangements and receive instruction. Maghreb region The Tunisians normally enter the border without the need for a visa, while Algerians and Moroccans sneaking and smuggling across the western and southern border.

8 Stage two Which means the journey from the border towns in the south west of Libya to the north coastal cities, the Migrants usually go individually not in groups. Stage three In this point Migrants gather in places of assembly on the Libyan coast in farms and rest houses in cities Alkomus, Alqrbuale, Tripoli, Sabratha and Zowra the number completed to start Boats death trip. Most immigrants are serving in Libya from months to years to get the money to cover the costs of the last part of the journey, which cost between 700 to 3000$depending on the destination and facilities of the boat or ship.

9 The death boats The smugglers use for one-time boats and ships to carry the illegal immigrants, in most cases it's exceed weaken what is scheduled, leading to coup these boats and ships, since 2003 the accidents of sinking and the death of illegal immigrants in the third phase point of no return has become a permanent paragraph in the news 80% of illegal immigrants who arrive in Europe via the Mediterranean Sea are coming from Libya. The Survivors from the boats of death trip arrives to the island of Lampedusa or Sicily in the south Italian, in journey takes from day to 4 days

10 Statistical since 2003 to 2015 May boat carrying more than 600 immigrants drowned off the Libyan coast, resulting the loss of hundreds. June 2, 2011 loss of at least 270 in the sinking of a boat carrying 700 people off the Tunisian coast. July 10, 2012 crash rubber boat between Libya and the island of Lampedusa off the Italian coast resulting in the sinking of 54 people. 14 to 15 December 2012, 21 peopleat leastkilled, and sixloss after a boat sank off the Greek island of Lesbos. August 10, 2013 sinking of six immigrants, and saved 94 off the beach in Catania, Sicily. October 3, 2013, 366 people killed, and 155 survived, after the sinking of a ship off the island of Lampedusa.

11 September 10, 2014 Sinking about 500 migrants, including nationalities from Syrians, Egyptian and Sudanese,after their boat crushed with another off Malta. April 12, 2015,9 people dead after the coup boat off the coast of Libya and some of the survivors, totaling 144 leaders were told aid workers that about 400 drowned. April 19, 2015, 800 people killed in a boat off the Libyan shores, 50 people survivors, and the authoritiesarrested the Tunisian smuggler Mohamed Ali Malak the owner of the ship.

12 The victims of the death boat : According to UNHCR reports of the United Nations for Refugees 2011 : 1,500 dead 2012 : 500 dead 2013 : 600 dead 2014 : 3,279 dead 2015 : 1727 dead, 1200 dead in 10 days only.

13 The victims of the death boat deaths

14 Lampedusa arrivels per month Arrivals per Month January February March April May June July August September October November December

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