20 th Century International Relations Contents

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1 20 th Century International Relations Contents 1 Imperialism and the Alliance System part 1 7 slides, 2 Flash activities, 2 worksheets What are alliances? Why were alliances formed? What different national rivalries existed in Europe before World War I? 1 Imperialism and the Alliance System part 2 12 slides, 1 Flash activity, 1 worksheet What was the Dual Alliance? What was the Triple Alliance? What was the Franco-Russian Alliance? What was the Triple Entente? How were these alliances formed? 1 Imperialism and the Alliance System part 3 10 slides, 3 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What were the implications of the alliance system? How can the alliances be seen to have led to World War I? 2 Increasing Tension part 1 15 slides, 3 Flash activities How did imperialism lead to increasing tension before World War I? What is an arms race? Why did Britain and Germany compete in the naval arms race? How did increased nationalism fuel greater military spending? 2 Increasing Tension part 2 8 slides, 1 Flash activity What were causes and consequences of the Morocco Crisis of 1905? What were causes and consequences of the Morocco Crisis of 1911? Boardworks Ltd

2 2 Increasing Tension part 3 10 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What were the causes and consequences of the Balkan Crisis of ? What were the causes and consequences of the Balkan Wars of ? How did all of the factors increase tension? 3 Why did the Assassination in Sarajevo Lead to War? part 1 10 slides, 2 Flash activities Why were the Serbs and the Austro- Hungarians such enemies? Who was Archduke Franz Ferdinand? What happened on 28th June 1914? What were the consequences of the assassination of the Archduke? 3 Why did the Assassination in Sarajevo Lead to War? part 2 7 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What were the existing tensions in Europe? What were the war plans of each of the Great Powers? What was the Schlieffen Plan? What was Britain s position? 3 Why did the Assassination in Sarajevo Lead to War? part 3 10 slides, 3 Flash activities How did the assassination lead to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia? Why did the conflict escalate into a wider European war? What happened at the beginning of World War I? 4 The Treaty of Versailles part 1 8 slides, 0 Flash activities What was the mood in Europe like at the end of World War I? Who were the key players in deciding the peace settlement? What did each of the key players want from the settlement? Boardworks Ltd

3 4 The Treaty of Versailles part 2 9 slides, 4 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What were Wilson s 14 Points? What did the Treaty of Versailles cover? What were the terms of the Treaty? How did territories in Europe change? 4 The Treaty of Versailles part 3 10 slides, 1 Flash activity What did the Germans think of the Treaty? Did the Allies get everything they wanted from the Treaty? How did each of the key players regard the Treaty? 5 The Other Peace Treaties part 1 7 slides, 1 Flash activity What other peace treaties were signed after World War I? What is self-determination? What were the terms of the Treaty of St. Germain? What were the terms of the Treaty of Trianon? 5 The Other Peace Treaties part 2 7 slides, 1 Flash activity What were the terms of the Treaty of Neuilly? What were the terms of the Treaty of Sevres? What were the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne? 5 The Other Peace Treaties part 3 6 slides, 2 Flash activities What problems were created by the Eastern European settlement? What other factors aided political instability in the Balkans? Boardworks Ltd

4 6 German Reaction to the Treaty of Versailles part 1 8 slides, 1 Flash activity, 1 worksheet What was the immediate German reaction to the Treaty of Versailles? What effects did the Treaty have on Germany? What political problems did the Treaty cause for the new German state? 6 The German Reaction to the Treaty of Versailles part 2 8 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What economic impacts did the Treaty have on Germany? What were the causes and consequences of the occupation of the Ruhr? What was hyperinflation? 6 German Reaction to the Treaty of Versailles part 3 5 slides, 1 Flash activity, 1 worksheet How did Germany end the hyperinflation crisis? How did the Allies aid Germany economically? 7 The League of Nations part 1 9 slides, 3 Flash activities, 1 worksheet How did the League of Nations originate? What were the aims of the League? How was the League organized? What powers did the League have? 7 The League of Nations part 2 8 slides, 1 Flash activity, 1 worksheet Which countries were members of the League and which were not? How did membership of the League change over time? What role did Britain and France play? Boardworks Ltd

5 7 The League of Nations part 3 6 slides, 1 Flash activity How did the peace treaties affect the League? What were the League s strengths and weaknesses? 8 How the League Dealt with International Conflicts part 1 9 slides, 3 Flash activities What successes did the League achieve in the 1920s? How was the League challenged in the 1920s? 8 How the League Dealt with International Conflicts part 2 11 slides, 3 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What was the Great Depression? How did the Great Depression affect the League? What was the Manchurian Crisis? How did the League react to the Manchurian Crisis? 8 How the League Dealt with International Conflicts part 3 13 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What was the Abyssinian Crisis? How did the League react to the Abyssinian Crisis? What was the Hoare-Laval Pact? To what extent did the League fail in dealing with international conflicts? 9 Hitler Challenges the League part 1 11 slides, 2 Flash activities What were Hitler s foreign policy aims? How did the terms of the Treaty of Versailles affect Germany? How did Hitler begin to re-arm Germany? Boardworks Ltd

6 9 Hitler Challenges the League part 2 9 slides, 1 Flash activity How did Hitler reoccupy the Rhineland? What was the Anschluss with Austria and how was it achieved? 9 Hitler Challenges the League part 3 9 slides, 2 Flash activities Why did Hitler get away with his actions? What were the consequences of appeasing Hitler? Why did no one confront Hitler? 10 Appeasement and the Outbreak of World War II part 1 6 slides, 1 Flash activity What were Hitler s ideas about living space and how did this affect his foreign policy? What were Hitler s ideas about race and how did this affect his foreign policy? 10 Appeasement and the Outbreak of World War II part 2 11 slides, 2 Flash activities What was appeasement? Why did Neville Chamberlain follow the policy of appeasement? What was the Sudetenland Crisis? What happened at the Munich Conference? 10 Appeasement and the Outbreak of World War II part 3 12 slides, 3 Flash activities What did Hitler do with Czechoslovakia? What were the causes and consequences of the Nazi-Soviet Pact? Why did Germany invade Poland? Why did Britain and France abandon appeasement and go to war? Boardworks Ltd

7 11 Why did War Break Out in 1939? part 1 10 slides, 3 Flash activities, 2 worksheets What were the long- and short-term factors leading to World War II? How important were the peace treaties in causing the outbreak of war? How important was the failure of the League of Nations in causing the outbreak of war? How important was the Great Depression in causing the outbreak of war? 11 Why did War Break Out in 1939? part 2 7 slides, 1 Flash activity How important was Hitler s foreign policy in causing the outbreak of war? Which events did Hitler directly influence and which events were due to the circumstances in Europe? 11 Why did War Break Out in 1939? part 3 9 slides, 2 Flash activities How important was the policy of appeasement in causing the outbreak of war? Why did war break out in 1939? 12 The Origins of the Cold War part 1 8 slides, 1 Flash activity, 1 worksheet What is a superpower? What were the differences between the USA and the USSR? What are capitalism and communism? 12 The Origins of the Cold War part 2 6 slides, 1 Flash activity What was the Cold War? Why was there mutual distrust between the superpowers? What were the long-term causes of the Cold War? Boardworks Ltd

8 12 The Origins of the Cold War part 3 7 slides, 0 Flash activities Why did the Cold War occur? What is the orthodox view of the Cold War? What is the revisionist view of the Cold War? What is the post-revisionist view of the Cold War? 13 The Origins of the Cold War part 1 9 slides, 1 Flash activity Who were the Big Three? What happened at the Tehran Conference? What happened at the Yalta Conference? 13 The Origins of the Cold War part 2 7 slides, 0 Flash activities How did the Big Three change? What happened at the Potsdam Conference? Why did the USA drop the atomic bomb on Japan? 13 The Origins of the Cold War part 3 9 slides, 2 Flash activities Why did Stalin want a buffer zone for the Soviet Union and how did he create it? What was the Iron Curtain? What were the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan and what were the consequences of these policies? How did these short-term factors cause the Cold War? 14 The Berlin Blockade and the Berlin Wall part 1 8 slides, 2 Flash activities Why was Berlin so important? Who controlled Berlin after 1945? Why was there a crisis in Berlin? What was the Berlin blockade? Boardworks Ltd

9 14 The Berlin Blockade and the Berlin Wall part 2 8 slides, 0 Flash activities What was the Berlin airlift? Was the airlift a success? What happened in Germany following the airlift? 14 The Berlin Blockade and the Berlin Wall part 3 10 slides, 1 Flash activity What happened to Austria after World War II? Why was the Berlin Wall built? What were the effects of the Berlin Wall? 15 NATO and the Warsaw Pact part 1 6 slides, 0 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What was Cominform? What was NATO and why was it set up? When did West Germany join NATO? 15 NATO and the Warsaw Pact part 2 9 slides, 4 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What was the Warsaw Pact and why was it created? How did the Hungarian uprising affect the Warsaw Pact? Why were NATO and the Warsaw Pact important? 15 NATO and the Warsaw Pact part 3 9 slides, 2 Flash activities How did China becoming communist affect the Cold War? What were the causes and consequences of the Korean War? What was the Red Scare? Why was there so much anti-communist hysteria in the USA? Boardworks Ltd

10 16 The Arms Race part 1 9 slides, 3 Flash activities, 1 worksheet Why was the atomic bomb such an important weapon? What was the arms race? How did the arms race develop? 16 The Arms Race part 2 11 slides, 4 Flash activities What was the theory of massive retaliation? What was mutually assured destruction and how did it work? What was the space race? What was the U-2 spy plane incident? 16 The Arms Race part 3 8 slides, 0 Flash activities What was the policy of flexible response? What was the missile gap? How did tensions ease after the Cuban Missile Crisis? What was détente? What impact did the renewed arms race have during the 1980s? 17 Behind the Iron Curtain part 1 12 slides, 3 Flash activities How was the Soviet Union created and what happened to it prior to 1945? Why did the USSR create a satellite empire and the Warsaw Pact? How did the Soviet Union change after World War II and what methods did it use to maintain control? How did things change after the death of Stalin and Khrushchev s rise to power? 17 Behind the Iron Curtain part 2 9 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What was the Hungarian uprising? How did the USSR react to the Hungarian uprising? What was the Prague Spring? How did the USSR react to the Prague Spring? Boardworks Ltd

11 17 Behind the Iron Curtain part 3 9 slides, 1 Flash activity, 1 worksheet What was the Solidarity movement? How did the Soviet Union react to the Solidarity movement? Why did the challenges to Soviet control fail? 18 The Cuban Missile Crisis part 1 6 slides, 1 Flash activity Why was Cuba important? What happened during the Cuban Revolution? What was the Bay of Pigs invasion and why did it fail? 18 The Cuban Missile Crisis part 2 8 slides, 3 Flash activities Why did the USSR want a missile base on Cuba? What was the Cuban Missile Crisis? Why was the presence of missiles on Cuba such a threat to the USA? What options did the USA have? 18 The Cuban Missile Crisis part 3 7 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What actions did the USA take? How was the situation resolved? What were the consequences of the Cuban Missile Crisis? 19 The Vietnam War part 1 10 slides, 3 Flash activities Why was there a problem in Vietnam? Who was Ho Chi Minh? What happened in the First Indochina War? Why was Vietnam divided into two states? Boardworks Ltd

12 19 The Vietnam War part 2 13 slides, 7 Flash activities What was the domino theory and why did it lead to US involvement in Vietnam? What was the Gulf of Tonkin incident? Why did the USA increase its involvement under Johnson? What were the illusions and reality of the war? 19 The Vietnam War part 3 12 slides, 2 Flash activities What was the Tet Offensive and why was it a turning point? Why was there opposition to the war in the USA? How did the USA end its involvement in Vietnam under Nixon? What were the consequences of the Vietnam War? 20 Détente part 1 8 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet What was détente? What was realpolitik? Why did both superpowers want détente? 20 Détente part 2 10 slides, 3 Flash activities, 1 worksheet How did the USA pursue rapprochement with China? What were the main agreements made during détente? How did détente affect the Cold War? 20 Détente part 3 7 slides, 1 Flash activity Why did détente end? What were the successes and failures of détente? Boardworks Ltd

13 21 A Return to Hostilities part 1 8 slides, 2 Flash activities Why were hostilities renewed in the 1980s? Why did the USSR invade Afghanistan? What were the consequences of the invasion of Afghanistan? 21 A Return to Hostilities part 2 5 slides, 1 Flash activity, 1 worksheet What was Reagan s Cold War policy? Why was the arms race renewed? 21 A Return to Hostilities part 3 6 slides, 2 Flash activities What was Gorbachev s Cold War policy? What internal changes were introduced in the Soviet Union? 22 The End of the Cold War part 1 8 slides, 2 Flash activities What changes were made by both superpowers during the 1980s? Why did Reagan change his position after Gorbachev s reforms? What were the results of the meetings between the two leaders? 22 The End of the Cold War part 2 9 slides, 2 Flash activities, 1 worksheet Which events led to the Cold War being declared officially over? Why were there revolutions throughout the Eastern Bloc in 1989? How did the Soviet Union collapse in 1991? 22 The End of the Cold War part 3 9 slides, 1 Flash activity How can the Cold War be evaluated? What were the costs of the Cold War? How did relations between the superpowers change from 1945 to 1991? Boardworks Ltd

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