FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT"

Transcription

1 Management and Economics 307 FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT Elitsa PETROVA Nikolay NICHEV National Military University, Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria ABSTRACT Adaptation to the changing security environment requires changing of the priorities for international crisis management, including the whole capacity of the society, and implementation of new forms of interaction between the state, business and NGOs, such as public-private partnership. The Republic of Bulgaria is involved in the collective EU members effort, coordinated for the effective implementation of policies and mechanisms in the field of international relations. The common security and defense policy has to contribute to the strengthening of transatlantic cooperation. The country develops its national capacity to participate in the common security policy of the EU by participation in operations and missions for crisis management. KEYWORDS: international crisis management, financial resources, distribution of expenses 1. Introduction Adaptation to the changing security environment requires changing of the priorities for international crisis management, including the whole capacity of the society, and implementation of new forms of interaction between the state, business and NGOs, such as public-private partnership. The Republic of Bulgaria is involved in the collective EU members effort, coordinated for the effective implementation of policies and mechanisms in the field of international relations. The common security and defense policy has to contribute to the strengthening of transatlantic cooperation. The country develops its national capacity to participate in the common security policy of the EU by participation in operations and missions for crisis management. The Republic of Bulgaria aims at promoting and strengthening the role of NATO in the implementation of policy and operational responsibilities to continuation of political dialogue and successful participation of the country in operations and NATO missions, through participation in international crisis management.

2 308 Management and Economics 2. The Place of the Army in the Operations of International Crisis Management National contribution to international efforts in support of peace and stability includes participation in allied and coalition operations with formations of the Armed Forces. Armed Forces and institutions, which provide international crisis management are focused in developing and maintaining a common security and defense policy through participation in missions and operations for strengthening the international order and security. The role of the Armed Forces as an instrument of this policy is to contribute to the realization of national interests, to deter and defeat enemy together with allied forces, to keep threats away from the borders of the country, and contribute to the protection of the international peace and security. In terms of international crisis management, the Armed Forces are assigned to perform the mission support of international peace and security. This mission includes the fulfillment of international commitments and participation in NATO and the European Union in crisis response, conflict prevention, combating terrorism, participation in missions of the UN, and other coalition formats, activities for control of weapons of mass destruction, their delivery and materials for their production, international military cooperation, humanitarian aid, etc. The political ambition of the Bulgarian Armed Forces for the mission Support of international peace and security is to maintain readiness for participation in multinational allied and coalition operations in response to crises. This contribution includes participation in long-term operations with rotation with a reinforced battalion (combat group) or a number of small units, but within resources equivalent to the level of ambition (about 1000 people). Naval Forces are involved with the declared resources equivalent to one frigate for a period of three to six months in a year. The Air Force participates with helicopters without rotation of personnel and for a period of six months in a year. The necessary logistical support is also provided [1]. Essential elements of the international crisis management are consultative bodies to the Council of Ministers. They coordinate the operational implementation of the state policy and provide the necessary concealing to the Government and the relevant authorities in the preparation and implementation of decisions within their competence. The Security Council is an advisory and coordinating body to the Council of Ministers, which offers a solution for determining the strategic objectives of the executive bodies of the system of international crisis management. The Security Council provides solutions for crisis management, coordinate planning resources to achieve synergy in their use, and coordinate the implementation of the taken decisions. The Council organizes and monitors the implementation of international crisis management [2]. 3. Financial Resources within International Crisis Management Financial resources of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Bulgaria for crisis management and support of international peace and security are directed to the following areas: for operations and missions abroad under the auspices of the UN, NATO and the European Union, and for operations and missions in support of the population. In 2009 the financing is carried out through the policy National and Euro- Atlantic Security and Defense, International Peace and Stability by one structural and two functional programs: Military Information, Armed Forces Participation in Multinational Military Operation Abroad

3 Management and Economics 309 and International Teaching and Security through Cooperation and Integration. The plan of the budget of the Ministry of Defence for 2009 was 1,342,011,081 Levs, or 2.00 % of the projected Gross Domestic Product for The total budget expenditures of the Ministry of Defence amounted to 1,273,351,445 Levs, or % of the approved budget framework. Distribution of the expenses in policies is as follows [3]: spent funds amounted to 862,058,514 Levs, which is 67.7 % of the total expenses. II. National and Euro-Atlantic Security and Defence, International Peace and Stability Policy. The funds spent are 124,456,470 Levs or 9.77 % of the expenses of the Ministry of Defence distributed to programs as follows [4]: Participation of Bulgaria in the Armed Forces Participation in Multinational Military Operation Abroad and International Teachin g Program the funds spent are in the amount of 79,152,955 Levs, or 6.22 % of the total cost of the MoD. Security through Cooperation and Integration Program the funds spent are in the amount of 11,285,246 Levs, or 0.89 % of the total expenses of the MoD. Military Information Program the funds are in the amount of 34,018,269 Levs, or 2.67 % of the total expenses of the Ministry of Defense. III. People in Defence Policy the funds spent are 220,771,988 Levs, or % of the expenses of the Ministry of Defence. IV. Maintenance and Support of Defence Policy the funds sp ent are 66,064,472 Levs or 5.19 % from the expenses of the Ministry of Defence, distributed only to the functional main program Administrative Management and Insurance. In the same year, formations of the Armed Forces participated in operations and missions abroad under the auspices of the UN, NATO and the European Union on three continents Europe, Asia and Africa. Bulgarian militaries were deployed in Afghanistan, Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Mediterranean, Lebanon, Liberia, Georgia, Chad and Central African Republic. Through this participation, our country contributed to the establishment of security, stability and peace in different regions of the world. The total budget expenditures of the Ministry of Defence in 2010, amounted to 1,229,895,600 Levs, representing about 1.72 % of GDP of the Republic of Bulgaria for the same year. According to the distribution of the state budget, the implementation of budgetary policies was as follows [5]: 823,303,577 Levs, which is % of the total expenses of the MoD. II. National and Euro-Atlantic Security and Defense, International Peace and Stability Policy. The funds spent on the policy amounted to 104,117,936 Levs, or 8.47 % of the expenses of the MoD. III. People in Defence. The funds spent on the policy amounted to 225,061,493 Levs, or % of Policy the expenses of the MoD. IV. Maintenance and Support of Defence Policy. The funds spent on the policy amounted to 77,412,596 Levs or 6.29 % from the expenses of the MoD. In 2010 Bulgarian military contingents were involved in the maintenance of peace as part of the international forces to maintain the security in Afghanistan, Kosovo, Iraq, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Georgia. They successfully performed their tasks according to the operational plans, standard operating procedures and rules for use of force adopted for the missions. In 2010 Bulgaria joined the police mission in Afghanistan and NATO s operation for counter-piracy off the coast of Somalia.

4 310 Management and Economics The distribution of the budget under the policies in 2011 was as follows: 975,079,022 Levs, which is % of the total expenses of MoD. II. Allied and International Security Policy. The funds spent on the policy amounted to 61,587,010 Levs, or 5.94 % of the expenses of the MoD. They were distributed in two major programs [6]. The participation of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria was in operations and missions for maintaining the security in Afghanistan, a training mission in Iraq, to stabilize security in Kosovo, to combat piracy in the sea around Somalia, to protect civilians and areas with civilians in Libya, in operations and missions of the European Union, including to deter, prevent and deter acts of piracy off the coast of Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, monitoring in Georgia, police mission in Afghanistan and participation in the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL). At the end of 2011 military personnel participating in eight missions and operations of NATO, EU and UN exceeded 760 people and 1739 people altogether were involved in operations. In 2012 the implementations of budget policy on programs was as follows: 1,007,915,000 Levs, which is 94, 24 % of the total expenses of the MoD. II. Allied and International Security Policy. The funds spent on the policy amounted to 61,560,000 Levs, or 5.76 % of the expenses of the MoD. They are distributed in two programs as shown in the table. The total number of contingents of the Armed Forces abroad at end of the year was consisted about 650 soldiers in nine operations and missions [7]. Operations and missions were held in Afghanistan, Kosovo, and Mediterranean Sea, the sea around Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Afghanistan, and Liberia. In 2013 the budget of the Ministry of Defence was a total 1,080,465, 000 Levs, distributed in two budget policies as follows: I. Defence Capability Plocy. The 1,006,857,000 Levs or % of the total expenses of the MoD. II. Allied and International Security Policy. The funds spent on the policy amounted to 73,608,000 Levs, or 6.81 % of the total expenses of the MoD. They are distributed in two programs. In the research period to support international peace and security funds were spent on Allied and International Security Policy in two main programs Membership in NATO, EU and Internationally with Cooperation and Military Information. The output of these programs for the year is shown in table and charts below. Fig. no. 1 Distribution of Expenses by Programs as Part of the Expenses of the Allied and International Security Policy in Levs,

5 Management and Economics 311 Fig. no. 2 Trend of the Expenses of the Bulgarian MoD in Support of International Peace and Security by Programs, Fig. no. 3 Distribution of Expenses of MoD for the Maintenance of International Peace and Security by Programs and Expenses in the Basic Policy, Conclusion The dynamics of the existing and emerging threats is expressed in the processes of improving international political and military security environment, in reducing the probability of military aggression against the Republic of Bulgaria, and in the appearance of new risks and threats to citizens and society such as transnational crime. It requires a new approach to international crisis management. Policy on the risks and threats facing national security and ensuring the security of citizens and democratic institutions are an integral part of the joint efforts of the EU and NATO, which lead to the realization of the vision of an area of freedom, security and justice. Bulgaria has to participate actively in international crisis management, under the auspices of the UN, EU and NATO, in fulfilling its strategic priorities to build a stable and democratic country.

6 312 Management and Economics REFERENCES 1. White Paper on Defence and Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria 2010, (accessed December 16, 2013). 2. National Security Strategy of the Republic of Bulgaria, (accessed December 16, 2013). 3. Report on the State of Defense and Armed Forces in 2009, 16, (accessed April 11, 2013). 4. Report on the State of Defense and Armed Forces in 2009 Appendix 1 to Section 1.4.3, 2-3, (accessed November 4, 2013). 5. Report on the State of Defence and Armed Forces in 2010, 13, (accessed November 4, 2013). 6. Report on the State of Defense and Armed Forces in 2011, 10-11, (accessed November 4, 2013). 7. Report on the Status of Defense and Armed Forces in 2012, 25-26, (accessed November 4, 2013).

MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE BUDGETARY DEPARTMENT. BASIC INFORMATION ON THE MoND BUDGET FOR 2016

MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE BUDGETARY DEPARTMENT. BASIC INFORMATION ON THE MoND BUDGET FOR 2016 MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE BUDGETARY DEPARTMENT BASIC INFORMATION ON THE MoND BUDGET FOR 2016 Warsaw, February 2016 Basic Macroeconomic Indicators 2016 National budget 2016 Defence budget 2016 2,00%

More information

"The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security"

The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security Chairman EU Military Committee General Patrick de Rousiers at the 29 th Asia Pacific Round Table in Kuala Lumpur 02 June 2015 "The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace

More information

DRAFT NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY

DRAFT NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY DRAFT NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY Podgorica September 2008 1 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... - 3-1. STRATEGIC GOAL... - 4-2. SECURITY INTERESTS AND OBJECTIVES OF MONTENEGRO... - 4-3. CHALLENGES, RISKS AND THREATS

More information

Defense Budget Programs That Provide Assistance To Foreign Countries

Defense Budget Programs That Provide Assistance To Foreign Countries Defense Budget Programs That Provide Assistance To Foreign Countries 1. Accounting for Missing United States Government Personnel First legislated in 2008. $1,000,000 Section 408 of Title 10, U.S. Code

More information

Active Engagement, Modern Defence

Active Engagement, Modern Defence Strategic Concept For the Defence and Security of The Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Adopted by Heads of State and Government in Lisbon Active Engagement, Modern Defence Preface We,

More information

The Defence Strategy of the Slovak Republic

The Defence Strategy of the Slovak Republic The Defence Strategy of the Slovak Republic approved by the National Council of the Slovak Republic 23 September 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction I II III IV V Slovak Republic in the Changing Security

More information

Prospects for the NATO Warsaw Summit Testimony before the U.S. Helsinki Commission By Hans Binnendijk June 23, 2016

Prospects for the NATO Warsaw Summit Testimony before the U.S. Helsinki Commission By Hans Binnendijk June 23, 2016 Prospects for the NATO Warsaw Summit Testimony before the U.S. Helsinki Commission By Hans Binnendijk June 23, 2016 NATO is anything but obsolete. It is needed more now than at any point since the end

More information

Active Engagement, Modern Defence - Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1010

Active Engagement, Modern Defence - Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1010 1 Modern security environment contains a broad and evolving set of challenges to the security of NATO s territory and populations. In order to assure their security, the Alliance must and will continue

More information

Resources projected in the previous development plan and the reality

Resources projected in the previous development plan and the reality NATIONAL DEFENCE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2013-2022 Resources projected in the previous development plan and the reality 1. The previous 10-year development plan approved in 2009 (Military Defence Development

More information

NATO IN THE 21 st CENTURY KEYNOTE SPEECH BY THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY GENERAL FOR AIR DEFENCE AND AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT

NATO IN THE 21 st CENTURY KEYNOTE SPEECH BY THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY GENERAL FOR AIR DEFENCE AND AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT NATO IN THE 21 st CENTURY KEYNOTE SPEECH BY THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY GENERAL FOR AIR DEFENCE AND AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT GLOBAL ATM FORUM FOR CIVIL-MILITARY COOPERATION MONTREAL, OCTOBER 2009 Ladies

More information

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH FRENCH EMBASSY IN CANADA? Ottawa, June 2008 AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH "France will maintain its forces in Afghanistan. Our country wishes to adapt the role of its forces to make them more

More information

The Situation of Military Personnel in Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain

The Situation of Military Personnel in Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain The Situation of Military Personnel in Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain Content Introduction of EUROMIL Fundamental Rights for Military Personnel Added value of military unions/associations Situation

More information

PROGRAMME FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DEFENCE CAPABILITIES OF THE BULGARIAN ARMED FORCES 2020

PROGRAMME FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DEFENCE CAPABILITIES OF THE BULGARIAN ARMED FORCES 2020 PROGRAMME FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DEFENCE CAPABILITIES OF THE BULGARIAN ARMED FORCES 2020 Approved by the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria Sofia, September 30, 2015 1. GOALS AND SCOPE

More information

DEFENCE REFORM IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA A LONG WAY TOWARDS PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE

DEFENCE REFORM IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA A LONG WAY TOWARDS PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE Bernd Papenkort DEFENCE REFORM IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA A LONG WAY TOWARDS PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE A. The Current Situation of Defence Structures in Bosnia and Herzegovina The current structure and composition

More information

Jürgen Menner is University education in Mathematics

Jürgen Menner is University education in Mathematics 142 Jürgen Menner is University education in Mathematics (MSc) and Electrical Engineering (MSc). Officer of the Army Maintenance Corps. German and Brazilian general staff officer s training. Assistant

More information

REPUBLIC OF SERBIA DEFENCE STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

REPUBLIC OF SERBIA DEFENCE STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA REPUBLIC OF SERBIA DEFENCE STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA Belgrade, October 2009 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 3 1. SECURITY ENVIRONMENT... 4 1.1. Global environment... 4 1.2. Regional environment... 5

More information

ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT IN COOPERATIVE SECURITY: A MORE EFFICIENT AND FLEXIBLE PARTNERSHIP POLICY

ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT IN COOPERATIVE SECURITY: A MORE EFFICIENT AND FLEXIBLE PARTNERSHIP POLICY I. Introduction ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT IN COOPERATIVE SECURITY: A MORE EFFICIENT AND FLEXIBLE PARTNERSHIP POLICY 1. Over the past two decades, NATO has reached out to partners to help build cooperative security

More information

External Grant Committee Meeting 8 April 2014 Agenda Item No.: 3

External Grant Committee Meeting 8 April 2014 Agenda Item No.: 3 MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS File No.: 46.H.5.NIRAS.2013-15. Department for Stabilization and Security Policy External Grant Committee Meeting 8 April 2014 Agenda Item No.: 3 1. Title: Peace and Stabilisation

More information

INTERVIEW WITH ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN *

INTERVIEW WITH ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN * INTERVIEW WITH ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN * In this exclusive interview with TPQ, the Honorable Secretary General provides an overview of the major developments of the past two years in Turkey s neighborhood,

More information

by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at the 60th Plenary Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in The Hague

by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at the 60th Plenary Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in The Hague NATO''s Parlamentariske Forsamling 2014-15 NPA Alm.del Bilag 4 Offentligt Keynote address by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg at the 60th Plenary Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in The

More information

UNDERSTANDING NATO THE ORIGINS OF THE ALLIANCE

UNDERSTANDING NATO THE ORIGINS OF THE ALLIANCE UNDERSTANDING NATO THE ORIGINS OF THE ALLIANCE In the aftermath of the Second World War, East and West Europe found themselves separated by the ideological and political divisions of the Cold War. Eastern

More information

Chicago Summit Declaration

Chicago Summit Declaration Chicago Summit Declaration Issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Chicago on 20 May 2012 Press Release (2012) 062 Issued on 20 May. 2012

More information

14TH ASIA SECURITY SUMMIT THE IISS SHANGRI-LA DIALOGUE FOURTH PLENARY SESSION

14TH ASIA SECURITY SUMMIT THE IISS SHANGRI-LA DIALOGUE FOURTH PLENARY SESSION 14TH ASIA SECURITY SUMMIT THE IISS SHANGRI-LA DIALOGUE FOURTH PLENARY SESSION STRENGTHENING REGIONAL ORDER IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC: TOWARDS MORE ACTIVE CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND COOPERATION SUNDAY 31 MAY 2015

More information

Chicago Summit Declaration

Chicago Summit Declaration Chicago Summit Declaration Issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Chicago on 20 May 2012 Press Release (2012) 062 Issued on 20 May. 2012

More information

P R E S S R E L E A S E

P R E S S R E L E A S E Brussels, 25 February 2014 140225/02 P R E S S R E L E A S E EUTM Somalia starts its training activities in Mogadishu On 24 February, the EU's military training mission for Somalia (EUTM Somalia) started

More information

European security and defence policy: the civilian aspects of crisis management

European security and defence policy: the civilian aspects of crisis management EUROPEAN UNION EUROPEAN SECURITY AN D DEFENC E POLICY European security and defence policy: the civilian aspects of crisis management Updated: August 2009 civ/03 Civilian crisis management is an important

More information

Military Transactions

Military Transactions 8 Military Transactions In this section: Coverage and definitions Estimation methods overview U.S. receipts Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts U.S. payments Direct defense expenditures

More information

"Building Integrity in Defence NATOInitiative and its Economic Implications"

Building Integrity in Defence NATOInitiative and its Economic Implications NATO PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY Spring Session 27-30 May 2011, Varna "Building Integrity in Defence NATOInitiative and its Economic Implications" Mrs. Avgustina Tzvetkova Deputy Minister of Defence Mr. Chairman,

More information

F A C T S H E E T. EU-US Summit (Brussels, 26 March 2014) and EU-US relations

F A C T S H E E T. EU-US Summit (Brussels, 26 March 2014) and EU-US relations Brussels, 24 March 2014 140324/01 F A C T S H E E T EU-US Summit (Brussels, 26 March 2014) and EU-US relations The Leaders of the European Union and the United States of America will meet on 26 March 2014

More information

Denmark s Action Plan on implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women and Peace and Security

Denmark s Action Plan on implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women and Peace and Security Denmark s Action Plan on implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women and Peace and Security As a response to the commitments in Security Council Resolution 1325, on Women and Peace and

More information

Une nouvelle gouvernance mondiale pour le développement durable. The Exhaustion of Sovereignty: International Shaping of Domestic Authority Structures

Une nouvelle gouvernance mondiale pour le développement durable. The Exhaustion of Sovereignty: International Shaping of Domestic Authority Structures Une nouvelle gouvernance mondiale pour le développement durable Taking the Initiative on Global Governance and Sustainable Development Paris, 13-14 avril 2003. The Exhaustion of Sovereignty: International

More information

Certified translation from Polish NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND

Certified translation from Polish NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND Certified translation from Polish NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND Warsaw 2007 Introduction...3 1. National Interests and Strategic Goals of the Republic of Poland in the Area of Security...4

More information

2. SECURITY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS

2. SECURITY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS CYBER SECURITY WITHIN THE GLOBALIZATION PROCESS Milan PODHOREC University of Defence, Faculty of Economics and Management, Brno, Czech Republic The contribution focuses on the issue regarding security

More information

The Alliance's Strategic Concept

The Alliance's Strategic Concept The Alliance's Strategic Concept Approved by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Washington D.C. Introduction 1. At their Summit meeting in Washington

More information

Cyber Security Strategy of Georgia

Cyber Security Strategy of Georgia Cyber Security Strategy of Georgia 1 1. Introduction The Government of Georgia publishes its Cyber Security Strategy for the first time. Large-scale cyber attacks launched by Russia against Georgia in

More information

EU-RUSSIA SUMMIT (St.-Petersburg, 31 May 2003) JOINT STATEMENT

EU-RUSSIA SUMMIT (St.-Petersburg, 31 May 2003) JOINT STATEMENT St.-Petersburg, 31 May 2003 9937/03 (Presse 154) EU-RUSSIA SUMMIT (St.-Petersburg, 31 May 2003) JOINT STATEMT 300 th anniversary of St.-Petersburg celebrating three centuries of common European history

More information

Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999

Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999 Resolution 1244 (1999) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4011th meeting, on 10 June 1999 The Security Council, Bearing in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and

More information

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS ARF WORKSHOP 21-22 JUNE 2005 ULAANBAATAR, MONGOLIA BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS Overall, Brunei Darussalam security assessment remains peaceful and stable. However, the range of

More information

The Future of Swedish Defence in a Changing Security Environment Finnish National Defence Course Association October 26, 2015

The Future of Swedish Defence in a Changing Security Environment Finnish National Defence Course Association October 26, 2015 The Future of Swedish Defence in a Changing Security Environment Finnish National Defence Course Association October 26, 2015 Generals, Admirals, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, It is a true

More information

The European Security Strategy Austrian Perspective

The European Security Strategy Austrian Perspective Erich Reiter and Johann Frank The European Security Strategy Austrian Perspective The following essay gives the Austrian view on the ESS from a security political perspective and analyses the needs and

More information

CEAS ANALYSIS. of the Law on Amendments of the Law on the Security Intelligence Agency

CEAS ANALYSIS. of the Law on Amendments of the Law on the Security Intelligence Agency CEAS ANALYSIS of the Law on Amendments of the Law on the Security Intelligence Agency Belgrade, July 2014. CEAS is supported by the Rockefeller Brother s Fund The views and analysis in this report do not

More information

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE KINGDOM OF SWEDEN AND THE MINISTRY OF DEFENCE OF THE KINGDOM OF DENMARK ON THE ENHANCED DEFENCE COOPERATION WITHIN THE AIR AND MARITIME DOMAIN

More information

JFC Naples SECURITY COOPERATION. with the Mediterranean region and the broader Middle East

JFC Naples SECURITY COOPERATION. with the Mediterranean region and the broader Middle East JFC Naples SECURITY COOPERATION with the Mediterranean region and the broader Middle East JFC Naples A Jordanian Navy patrol boat passes ships from NATO s mine countermeasure force, during an exercise

More information

NATO COMMITTEE ON GENDER PERSPECTIVES 2013 NATIONAL REPORT BULGARIA

NATO COMMITTEE ON GENDER PERSPECTIVES 2013 NATIONAL REPORT BULGARIA ENCLOSURE 1 TO IMSM-0338-2013 NATO COMMITTEE ON GENDER PERSPECTIVES 2013 NATIONAL REPORT BULGARIA 1. Policies Related to Gender. a. New Policies or Initiatives Concerning the Implementation of Gender in

More information

Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership

Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership Joint Statement of the Security Consultative Committee Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership June 21, 2011 by Secretary of State Clinton Secretary of Defense

More information

JOINT COMMUNICATION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL. The EU's comprehensive approach to external conflict and crises

JOINT COMMUNICATION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL. The EU's comprehensive approach to external conflict and crises EUROPEAN COMMISSION HIGH REPRESENTATIVE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND SECURITY POLICY Brussels, 11.12.2013 JOIN(2013) 30 final JOINT COMMUNICATION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

More information

CYBER SECURITY AND CYBER DEFENCE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION OPPORTUNITIES, SYNERGIES AND CHALLENGES

CYBER SECURITY AND CYBER DEFENCE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION OPPORTUNITIES, SYNERGIES AND CHALLENGES CYBER SECURITY AND CYBER DEFENCE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION OPPORTUNITIES, SYNERGIES AND CHALLENGES By Wolfgang Röhrig, Programme Manager Cyber Defence at EDA and Wg Cdr Rob Smeaton, Cyber Defence Staff Officer

More information

A SECURE EUROPE IN A BETTER WORLD EUROPEAN SECURITY STRATEGY

A SECURE EUROPE IN A BETTER WORLD EUROPEAN SECURITY STRATEGY A SECURE EUROPE IN A BETTER WORLD EUROPEAN SECURITY STRATEGY Brussels, 12 December 2003 Introduction Europe has never been so prosperous, so secure nor so free. The violence of the first half of the 20th

More information

EU Global Strategy: Role and Engagement of Eastern Partners in European Security. Conference Report March 2016 Vilnius, Lithuania

EU Global Strategy: Role and Engagement of Eastern Partners in European Security. Conference Report March 2016 Vilnius, Lithuania EU Global Strategy: Role and Engagement of Eastern Partners in European Security Conference Report March 2016 Vilnius, Lithuania The International Security Experts Conference EU Global Strategy: Role and

More information

My name is Sami Burgaz and I am a senior student at Gazi University, Ankara double

My name is Sami Burgaz and I am a senior student at Gazi University, Ankara double Most Valuable Prospective Delegates, My name is Sami Burgaz and I am a senior student at Gazi University, Ankara double majoring on International Relations and Economics. I have been convoluted in Model

More information

THE PRAGUE SUMMIT AND NATO S TRANSFORMATION

THE PRAGUE SUMMIT AND NATO S TRANSFORMATION THE PRAGUE SUMMIT AND NATO S TRANSFORMATION A READER S GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE 3 I THE SUMMIT DECISIONS 9 II KEY ISSUES 19 New members: Expanding the zone of security 20 New capabilities: Adapting

More information

THE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE

THE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE SWORN TRANSLATOR OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE Katarzyna Górska-Łazarz ul. Bociania 27 m 7 02-807 Warsaw Certified translation from Polish THE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE DEFENSE STRATEGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF

More information

HUNGARIAN DEFENCE FORCES. The All-Volunteer Professional HDF

HUNGARIAN DEFENCE FORCES. The All-Volunteer Professional HDF HUNGARIAN DEFENCE FORCES The All-Volunteer Professional HDF Introduction Hungary is a member of NATO, the most powerful political and military alliance. Substantial changes have taken place in the world

More information

AFTER THE MISSIONS: UNDERSTANDING NEW ZEALAND S SECURITY FUTURE

AFTER THE MISSIONS: UNDERSTANDING NEW ZEALAND S SECURITY FUTURE AFTER THE MISSIONS: UNDERSTANDING NEW ZEALAND S SECURITY FUTURE WHY PARTNERS MATTER The purpose of my paper is to demonstrate why partners matter. Timor, Solomon Islands and Afghanistan highlighted the

More information

Gender Action for Peace and Security. 2014 2017 Strategy

Gender Action for Peace and Security. 2014 2017 Strategy Gender Action for Peace and Security 2014 2017 Strategy Gender Action for Peace and Security (GAPS) is the UK s Women, Peace and Security Network. As a coalition of UK-based development, humanitarian,

More information

THE ROLE OF ECOWAS IN SECURITY SECTOR & JUSTICE REFORM AND REGIONAL DYNAMICS INFLUENCING EFFECTIVE SSR

THE ROLE OF ECOWAS IN SECURITY SECTOR & JUSTICE REFORM AND REGIONAL DYNAMICS INFLUENCING EFFECTIVE SSR THE ROLE OF ECOWAS IN SECURITY SECTOR & JUSTICE REFORM AND REGIONAL DYNAMICS INFLUENCING EFFECTIVE SSR 1. ECOWAS regional approach to SSR Insertion of security as insurance for and complement to regional

More information

The challenges of the military-medical service in the 21 st century, focusing on the support of NATO s medical transformation

The challenges of the military-medical service in the 21 st century, focusing on the support of NATO s medical transformation ZRÍNYI MIKLÓS NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY KOSSUTH LAJOS FACULTY OF MILITARY SCIENCE Military Science PhD School Col. István Kopcsó M.D. The challenges of the military-medical service in the 21 st century,

More information

Home Security: Russia s Challenges

Home Security: Russia s Challenges Home Security: Russia s Challenges A Russian Perspective Andrei Fedorov * Home security: Russia s challenges Home security and the struggle against terrorism is one of the most crucial issues for the Russian

More information

THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY

THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY Sharing a Common Project 2013 NIPO 002130352 SPAIN NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY PRESIDENCY OF THE GOVERNMENT 1 THE NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY Sharing a Common Project THE

More information

THE NATO-EU STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP

THE NATO-EU STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP 8 THE NATO-EU STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP THE NATO-EU STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP 3 KEY INFORMATION NATO and the EU share common strategic interests. In a spirit of complementarity, both organisations consult and

More information

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime 1 Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime The Syrian dictatorship s use of chemical weapons against its own people was terrible. But we must not let it overshadow the larger

More information

Statement by the President of the Security Council

Statement by the President of the Security Council United Nations S/PRST/2014/27 Security Council Distr.: General 16 December 2014 Original: English (E) 161214 *1467353* Statement by the President of the Security Council At the 7343rd meeting of the Security

More information

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL UNITED HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL The United Nations Human Rights Council was created in March, 2006 and is the successor to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which was often criticized for the

More information

Statement of James Costos. Ambassador Designate to Spain. Senate Foreign Relations Committee. July 25, 2013

Statement of James Costos. Ambassador Designate to Spain. Senate Foreign Relations Committee. July 25, 2013 Statement of James Costos Ambassador Designate to Spain Senate Foreign Relations Committee July 25, 2013 Chairman Murphy, Ranking Member Johnson, Members of the Committee, Thank you for the opportunity

More information

THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT (HRVATSKI SABOR)

THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT (HRVATSKI SABOR) THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT (HRVATSKI SABOR) 692 According to Article 80 of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, the Croatian Parliament declared the following during a session of parliament on March

More information

BSC. Planning for the Berlin Security Conference 2016 Review 2015. Europe at risk what are our answers to common threats? Berlin Security Conference

BSC. Planning for the Berlin Security Conference 2016 Review 2015. Europe at risk what are our answers to common threats? Berlin Security Conference BSC Berlin Security Conference 1 5 t h C o n g r e s s o n E u r o p e a n S e c u r i t y a n d Defenc e e Europe at risk what are our answers to common threats? Planning for the Berlin Security Conference

More information

Foreign Affairs and National Security

Foreign Affairs and National Security Foreign Affairs and National Security Objectives: TLW understand and explain the following questions as it relates to the Foreign affairs of the American Government What is foreign policy? What is the

More information

International Relations Networking of the Austrian Armed Forces

International Relations Networking of the Austrian Armed Forces International Relations Networking of the Austrian Armed Forces Address given by General Roland ERTL Chief of General Staff, Austrian Armed Forces Ladies and Gentlemen, distinguished guests, The Austrian

More information

The Economics of the UK-Iraq Conflict Keith Hartley Centre for Defence Economics University of York

The Economics of the UK-Iraq Conflict Keith Hartley Centre for Defence Economics University of York The Economics of the UK-Iraq Conflict Keith Hartley Centre for Defence Economics University of York Introduction: the role of economics Economists are not usually associated with debates about wars. Such

More information

CROATIA CANDIDATE TO THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

CROATIA CANDIDATE TO THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL CROATIA CANDIDATE TO THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL 2017-2019 One of the greatest achievements of the development of human rights is the idea that human rights belong to everyone simply by virtue of being a

More information

Programme of the Danish NORDEFCO Chairmanship 2016

Programme of the Danish NORDEFCO Chairmanship 2016 Programme of the Danish NORDEFCO Chairmanship 2016 Promoting security through cooperation PROGRAMME OF THE DANISH NORDEFCO CHAIRMANSHIP 2016 This programme sets the tasks and priorities for the Nordic

More information

This post Deputizes for the Strategic and International Affairs Advisor (A-7) in his absence.

This post Deputizes for the Strategic and International Affairs Advisor (A-7) in his absence. Vacancy Number: A13/0613 Post Number: OSC GSI 0020 Job Title: Special Advisor (Crisis Management and Ops) NATO Grade: A-5 Basic Monthly Salary (12 x per year): 8.071,11, tax free Closing Date: 04 August

More information

Good morning. It is my pleasure to be here today as we begin. this workshop on improving regional responses to transnational

Good morning. It is my pleasure to be here today as we begin. this workshop on improving regional responses to transnational REMARKS BY AMBASSADOR SCOTT DELISI Africa Center for Strategic Studies Sheraton Hotel Rwenzori Ballroom January 28, 2013, 11:30 a.m. [Protocol list of invitees] All protocols observed. Good morning. It

More information

ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO

ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO ROAD TO NATO: SHARING INTEGRATION AND MEMBERSHIP EXPERIENCE ECONOMIC NATO The NATO Week 2014, held in Tbilisi in the week of April

More information

DANISH DEFENCE AGREEMENT 2013-2017

DANISH DEFENCE AGREEMENT 2013-2017 DANISH DEFENCE AGREEMENT 2013-2017 Copenhagen, 30 November 2012 The Danish coalition government (the Social Democrats, the Social-Liberal Party and the Socialist People's Party) and the Venstre (the liberal

More information

Danish lessons learned: The comprehensive/integrated approach after Iraq and Afghanistan

Danish lessons learned: The comprehensive/integrated approach after Iraq and Afghanistan Military Studies Magazine Danish lessons learned: The comprehensive/integrated approach after Iraq and Afghanistan by Peter Viggo Jakobsen Photo: Forsvaret ISSUE 01, VOLUME 02, 2014 1 Subcribe at fak.dk/eng/magazine

More information

Visit our website for other free publication downloads http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/ To rate this publication click here.

Visit our website for other free publication downloads http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/ To rate this publication click here. Visit our website for other free publication downloads http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/ To rate this publication click here. STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE The Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)

More information

Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council: Elements for a new EU Strategy on China

Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council: Elements for a new EU Strategy on China Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council: Elements for a new EU Strategy on China George Cunningham, Deputy Head of China Division, EEAS 1 Joint Communication to the European Parliament

More information

Course: Corporate Risks and Security

Course: Corporate Risks and Security Course: Corporate Risks and Security 1 3 + 1 + 1 75 7 Acquisition of knowledge needed to understand and realize the risks of activities endangering contemporary corporations. Acquisition of knowledge and

More information

I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council.

I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council. Mr. President Excellencies, I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council. The point that I wish to make today is simply put. The UN and the OSCE, as the largest and most inclusive

More information

Germany: Report on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (RES 69/28),

Germany: Report on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (RES 69/28), Germany: Report on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security (RES 69/28), General appreciation of the issues of information security Information

More information

WESTERN EUROPEAN UNION COUNCa OF MINISTERS BONN, 19 JUNE 1992. PETERSBERG DECLARA non

WESTERN EUROPEAN UNION COUNCa OF MINISTERS BONN, 19 JUNE 1992. PETERSBERG DECLARA non WESTERN EUROPEAN UNION COUNCa OF MINISTERS BONN, 19 JUNE 1992 PETERSBERG DECLARA non I. ON WEU AND EUROPEAN SECURITY Developments in the security situation in Europe, disannament and anns control 1. Ministers

More information

National Security Concept of Georgia. Introduction

National Security Concept of Georgia. Introduction National Security Concept of Georgia Georgia s citizens firm will is to establish a democratic social order, economic freedom, a Rule of Law- based social state, to secure universally recognized human

More information

FUTURE NAVY VISION. The Royal Navy Today, Tomorrow and Towards 2025. Projecting maritime power to protect and promote our nation s interests

FUTURE NAVY VISION. The Royal Navy Today, Tomorrow and Towards 2025. Projecting maritime power to protect and promote our nation s interests FUTURE NAVY VISION The Royal Navy Today, Tomorrow and Towards 2025 Projecting maritime power to protect and promote our nation s interests The Royal Marine Commandos - The UK s specialist amphibious force.

More information

Cover picture: The Finnish Defence Forces DEFENCE BUDGET 2003

Cover picture: The Finnish Defence Forces DEFENCE BUDGET 2003 Cover picture: The Finnish Defence Forces DEFENCE BUDGET 2003 Minister of Defence Jan-Erik Enestam: Defence budget for 2003 in line with recommendations of Report on Security and Defence Policy The report

More information

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION. 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION. 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium The international Conference on Sustainable Disarmament for

More information

The Double Democratic Deficit Parliamentary Accountability and the Use of Force under International Auspices

The Double Democratic Deficit Parliamentary Accountability and the Use of Force under International Auspices The Double Democratic Deficit Parliamentary Accountability and the Use of Force under International Auspices Hans Born, Senior Fellow, DCAF Geneva Brussels, 29 April 2004 Presentation given at the Book

More information

EUROPEAN SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY. Petra Konečná Tereza Nováčková Jana Procházková

EUROPEAN SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY. Petra Konečná Tereza Nováčková Jana Procházková EUROPEAN SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY Petra Konečná Tereza Nováčková Jana Procházková AIM OF PRESENTATION European Security and Defence Policy and its impact on EU-member states economies and its current

More information

EFFECTS OF FINLAND'S POSSIBLE NATO MEMBERSHIP. 21 December 2007

EFFECTS OF FINLAND'S POSSIBLE NATO MEMBERSHIP. 21 December 2007 EFFECTS OF FINLAND'S POSSIBLE NATO MEMBERSHIP 21 December 2007 Translation from Finnish into English EFFECTS OF FINLAND'S POSSIBLE NATO MEMBERSHIP Ambassador Antti Sierla 21 December 2007 2 Contents 1.

More information

East African Community

East African Community 1 East African Community STATEMENT BY AMB. DR. RICHARD SEZIBERA, SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY AT THE OFFICIAL OPENING CEREMONY OF THE 6 TH EAC MILITARY GAMES AND CULTURAL EVENTS ON 7

More information

NATO s relations with the states of the former. Soviet Union

NATO s relations with the states of the former. Soviet Union 1 NATO s relations with the states of the former Soviet Union CIOR, February 4 th, 2013, Isabelle Facon, FRS (Paris) This presentation will deal with the relations between NATO on the one hand, Ukraine,

More information

Cyber Security Strategy for Germany

Cyber Security Strategy for Germany Cyber Security Strategy for Germany Contents Introduction 2 IT threat assessment 3 Framework conditions 4 Basic principles of the Cyber Security Strategy 4 Strategic objectives and measures 6 Sustainable

More information

Energy Security and CSDP: Energy Factor in the EU Military Missions and Operations

Energy Security and CSDP: Energy Factor in the EU Military Missions and Operations Energy Security and CSDP: Energy Factor in the EU Military Missions and Operations European Security and Defence College 8 TH High Level Course Alcide De Gasperi 14-19 April, 2013 Tartu, Estonia Energy

More information

SOMALIA. Overview. Working environment GLOBAL APPEAL 2015 UPDATE

SOMALIA. Overview. Working environment GLOBAL APPEAL 2015 UPDATE SOMALIA GLOBAL APPEAL 2015 UPDATE Overview Working environment Planned presence Number of offices 9 Total personnel 91 International staff 20 National staff 57 JPOs 1 UN Volunteers 12 Others 1 2015 plan

More information

Training NATO for an uncertain future: An interview with Major General Erhard Bühler

Training NATO for an uncertain future: An interview with Major General Erhard Bühler 25 Neil Webb Training NATO for an uncertain future: An interview with Major General Erhard Bühler In facing potential threats, being lean and agile will be critical. Wolff Sintern Major General Erhard

More information

Final reports on deepened defence cooperation between Finland and Sweden

Final reports on deepened defence cooperation between Finland and Sweden Final reports on deepened defence cooperation between Finland and Sweden Report by the Finnish Defence Forces and the Swedish Armed Forces 1 Background In this joint final report the Finnish Defence Forces

More information

Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance

Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance Chapter 2 Strengthening of the Japan-U.S. Alliance Based on the Japan U.S. Security Treaty, the Japan-U.S. Security Arrangements, together with Japan s own efforts, constitute the cornerstone for Japan

More information

Obstacles for Security Cooperation in North America. Roberto Domínguez 2012-2013 Jean Monnet/GGP Fellow

Obstacles for Security Cooperation in North America. Roberto Domínguez 2012-2013 Jean Monnet/GGP Fellow Obstacles for Security Cooperation in North America Roberto Domínguez 2012-2013 Jean Monnet/GGP Fellow What is North America? IR literature: United States and Canada After NAFTA: US, Canada, Mexico Over-theorization

More information

Joint Declaration. On the Establishment of the Regional Co-operation Council (RCC)

Joint Declaration. On the Establishment of the Regional Co-operation Council (RCC) Joint Declaration On the Establishment of the Regional Co-operation Council (RCC) Representatives of the Participating States of the South East European Co-operation Process (SEECP), the United Nations

More information

Security Sector Reform in South East Europe from a Necessary Remedy to a Global Concept

Security Sector Reform in South East Europe from a Necessary Remedy to a Global Concept Study Group Information Anja H. Ebnoether Ernst M. Felberbauer Mladen Staničić Security Sector Reform in South East Europe from a Necessary Remedy to a Global Concept 13 th Workshop of the Study Group

More information