Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki"

Transcription

1 Global Perspective to Food and Climate The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki

2 Contents: 1. What is food security? 2. The present global food security situation 3. The impact of climate change on food security 4. Adaptation to climate change 5. What is climate smart agriculture?

3 The four dimensions of food security: 1. Availability: Consists of own production, imports, stocks and in some cases, food aid 2. Access: Physical access, purchasing power, and entitlements 3. Stability: reduced volatility over seasons and years 4. Utilisation : consumption and utilisation of adequate nutrients Food security exists when all people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. FAO.

4

5 Where do the hungry live? TOTAL 925 million people Developed countries 19 Near East and North Africa 37 Latin America and the Caribbean 53 Sub-Saharan Africa 239 Asia and the Pacific 578

6 Countries requiring external assistance for food (June 2011) Shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies Severe localized food insecurity Widespread lack of access Source: FAO/GIEWS

7 Climate challenges (Stern Report 2006, IPCC 2007) Global Temperature Change Relative to the Pre-Industrial 0 C 1 C 2 C 3 C 4 C 5 C 6 C Food Falling crop yields in many areas, particularly developing regions possible rising yields in some high latitude regions falling yields in many developed regions Water Small mountain glaciers disappear water supplies threatened significant decreases in water availability in many areas including Mediterranean and Southern Africa sea level rise threatens major cities Ecosystems extensive damage to coral reefs Rising number of species facing extinction Extreme weather events Rising number of storms, forest fires, droughts, flooding and heat waves Risk of Abrupt and Major Irreversible Changes increasing risk of dangerous feedbacks and abrupt, large-scale shifts in the climate system

8 Climate change will depress agricultural yields in most countries in 2050, given current agricultural practices and crop varieties (World Development Report 2010) Red color yields expected to decrease Green color yields expected to increase Grey areas no data available

9 Impact of climate change on food security (FAO-Adapt 2011) By altering the conditions of agriculture, forestry and fisheries production and rural livelihoods, climate variability and long-term changes will likely have serious impacts on the four dimensions of food security Food availability will decrease in some regions due to a decline in food production from agriculture, forestry and fisheries caused by extreme events, changes in the suitability or availability of arable land and water, and the unavailability or lack of access to technologies and crops, crop varieties and animal breeds that can be productive in changing conditions. Food access will face further constraints in some regions because of climate change events that can damage infrastructure and lead to loss of livelihood assets as well as loss of income and employment opportunities. Food supply stability will be influenced by food price fluctuations and a higher dependency on imports and food aid in some regions. Food utilization will be affected indirectly by food safety hazards associated with pests and animal as well as human diseases.

10 Need for risk management and change management

11 Adaptation to climate change Adaptation to climate change requires making anticipatory adjustments to prepare for expected climate variability and changing average climate conditions, in order to moderate harm and exploit beneficial opportunities (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC 2007). Adaptation efforts must create the capacity to cope with more frequent, increasingly difficult conditions and gradual changes in climate, even though it often is not possible to anticipate their precise nature. Most ecological and social systems have built-in adaptive capacity. However, the current climate variability and rapid rate of climate change are imposing new pressures that have the potential to overwhelm existing coping capacity Adaptation needs to be location- and context-specific, integrated and flexible = no one-size solutions

12 Adaptation in food systems (FAO Adapt 2011) Action areas Data and knowledge for impact and vulnerability assessment and adaptation Institutions, policies and financing to strengthen capacities for adaptation Sustainable management of land, water and biodiversity Appropriate technologies, practices and processes Concrete examples meteorological systems, modeling impact and vulnerability assessments information collection and dissemination integrating climate change into national food and agriculture policies, up-grading research capacities and advisory services strengthening civil society organizations water saving technologies, conservation agriculture conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources plant and livestock breeding crop diversification agroforestry Disaster risk management preparedness for floods and droughts early warning systems

13 Climate smart agriculture aims to support food security taking into account the need for adaptation to climate change and the potential for mitigation of climate change: 1. sustainably intensify production to achieve productivity increases thereby supporting the achievement of food security 2. increase the resilience of production systems to impacts of climate change 3. reduce agriculture s greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration mitigation synergies adaptation food security

14 In more concrete terms 1. Increase soil organic matter through agroforestry, crop rotation, conservation agriculture, erosion control and minimum tillage 2. Improve livestock management through animal breeding and new feeding and grazing practices, manure management 3. Improve energy and input use efficiency (fertilisers, manure, fuels ) 4. Diversify agricultural production, combine livestock and plant production

g IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change: impacts and adaptation

g IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change: impacts and adaptation g IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change: impacts and adaptation Lučka Kajfež Bogataj University of Ljubljana IPCC WG2 vicechair through AR4 Following addressed: Impacts observed so far Future scenarios

More information

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security 1 of 32 Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security and Disaster Risk Management as entry point for Climate Change Adaptation About the FAO Policy Learning Programme This programme aims at

More information

Climate-Smart Agriculture - Science for Action 24-26 October 2011 - Ede / Wageningen - The Netherlands

Climate-Smart Agriculture - Science for Action 24-26 October 2011 - Ede / Wageningen - The Netherlands The Wageningen Statement: Climate-Smart Agriculture - Science for Action 24-26 October 2011 - Ede / Wageningen - The Netherlands The Wageningen Statement: Climate-Smart Agriculture Science for Action The

More information

Impacts of Europe's changing climate

Impacts of Europe's changing climate 2008 Impacts of Europe's changing climate ISSN 1830-2246 Introduction Global climate change is a reality. In Europe the most vulnerable regions are the Arctic, mountain areas, coastal zones and the Mediterranean.

More information

Addressing Carbon Emissions: The UK s experience

Addressing Carbon Emissions: The UK s experience Addressing Carbon Emissions: The UK s experience December 2006 Overview of Seminar STERN Review on Economics of Climate Change UK climate change targets and policies The European Union emissions trading

More information

the world s soil status resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS

the world s soil status resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS status of soil the world s resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS life depends on soils status of the soil world s resources The overwhelming conclusion of the first-ever comprehensive report

More information

SPEECH BY FELIX KOSKEI, CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES DURING THE ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARID AND

SPEECH BY FELIX KOSKEI, CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES DURING THE ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARID AND SPEECH BY FELIX KOSKEI, CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES DURING THE ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARID AND SEMI-ARID LANDS (KACCAL), LAUNCH AT FORMER KARI/NOW KALRO,

More information

The National Climate Change Policy of Sri Lanka

The National Climate Change Policy of Sri Lanka The National Climate Change Policy of Sri Lanka Preamble Climate change which is the ultimate outcome of global warming is now universally recognized as the fundamental human development challenge of the

More information

Connecting Biodiversity and Climate Change

Connecting Biodiversity and Climate Change Side Event UNFCCC COP15 Connecting Biodiversity and Climate Change Key messages from the AHTEG report Dr Guy Midgley 11 December, 2009 Biodiversity is life Biodiversity is our life Biodiversity and climate

More information

FAO-Adapt. Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation

FAO-Adapt. Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation FAO-Adapt Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation Food security and climate change FAO s vision for the future is a world free of hunger and malnutrition where food and agriculture contribute

More information

Fact sheet: Climate change science - the status of climate change science today

Fact sheet: Climate change science - the status of climate change science today Fact sheet: Climate change science - the status of climate change science today The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) describes the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere during the 20th

More information

Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers

Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers Agricultural biodiversity the variability of crops and their wild relatives, trees, animals, arthropods,

More information

Climate Change and Agricultural Cooperatives G.C. Shrotriya and Daman Prakash* IFFCO Foundation, New Delhi

Climate Change and Agricultural Cooperatives G.C. Shrotriya and Daman Prakash* IFFCO Foundation, New Delhi Introduction IFFCO FOUNDATION IFFCO House, 34 Nehru Place, New Delhi 110019 Climate Change and Agricultural Cooperatives G.C. Shrotriya and Daman Prakash* IFFCO Foundation, New Delhi Entire world today

More information

Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large

Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large In last week s article, we introduced the concept and scientific basis of climate change, along with some basic terminology. This week we will

More information

SLOW ONSET EVENTS. climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY

SLOW ONSET EVENTS. climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action in Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC UNEP) Characterizing and addressing SLOW ONSET EVENTS climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY

More information

Issues of food security in South Africa and FAO s role in eradication of food insecurity and malnutrition

Issues of food security in South Africa and FAO s role in eradication of food insecurity and malnutrition Issues of food security in South Africa and FAO s role in eradication of food insecurity and malnutrition Pulses and Food Security Discussion Forum 2-3 June 2016 Kempton Park, Gauteng Presented by Dr Tobias

More information

Biodiversity Concepts

Biodiversity Concepts Biodiversity Concepts WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. For any kind of animal or plant each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems.

More information

Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Sustainability in Agriculture

Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Sustainability in Agriculture Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Sustainability in Agriculture Mannava V.K. Sivakumar Robert Stefanski World Meteorological Organization 1 Presentation Sustainability the concept and definitions

More information

The Position of Agriculture in Developing Countries' Economy and Society and the Role of Investments. Lubos Smutka, Ph.D.

The Position of Agriculture in Developing Countries' Economy and Society and the Role of Investments. Lubos Smutka, Ph.D. The Position of Agriculture in Developing Countries' Economy and Society and the Role of Investments Lubos Smutka, Ph.D. CULS in Prague Agriculture is the mother of all arts. When it is well conducted,

More information

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Synthesis Report

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Synthesis Report 1 IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Synthesis Report Dr. R K Pachauri Chairman Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Press Presentation Saturday, 17 November 2007 Valencia, Spain Vision of UN Secretary-General

More information

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems The global research partnership to improve agricultural

More information

CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE

CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE CUBA: Main Characteristics Total population: 11.2 millions Length of the Island of Cuba: 1,200 Km. Maximum Width: 191 Km. Minimum Width: 31 Km. More than 4,000 islands and

More information

A cool CAP post-2013: What measures could help adapt Cyprus farming and biodiversity to the consequences of climate change?

A cool CAP post-2013: What measures could help adapt Cyprus farming and biodiversity to the consequences of climate change? A cool CAP post-2013: What measures could help adapt Cyprus farming and biodiversity to the consequences of climate change? 26 September 2012: IFOAM EU Conference Future farming in times of climate change

More information

Status of the World s Soil Resources

Status of the World s Soil Resources 5 December 2015 Status of the World s Soil Resources The Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS), the main scientific advisory body to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) hosted by the Food and

More information

What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today?

What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today? Subdirección de Investigación y Research Extensión and Extension Branch What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today? Presented by Magdalena Blum Extension Systems Officer

More information

Korea s s Vulnerability to Climate Change and its Adaptation Policies. Department of Environmental Cooperation Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade

Korea s s Vulnerability to Climate Change and its Adaptation Policies. Department of Environmental Cooperation Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Korea s s Vulnerability to Climate Change and its Adaptation Policies Department of Environmental Cooperation Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade 1. Climate Change Adaptation Measures and Research Activities

More information

Organic Agriculture & Climate Change. Nadia El-Hage Scialabba & Maria Müller-Lindenlauf Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 2010

Organic Agriculture & Climate Change. Nadia El-Hage Scialabba & Maria Müller-Lindenlauf Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 2010 Organic Agriculture & Climate Change Nadia El-Hage Scialabba & Maria Müller-Lindenlauf Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 2010 1 Outline (from a review of 113 papers) Mitigation and adaptation potential

More information

Short summary of the IPCC report from Working Group 2. time to act!

Short summary of the IPCC report from Working Group 2. time to act! Short summary of the IPCC report from Working Group 2 CLIMATE CHANGE HAS DEVASTATING IMPACTS time to act! Introduction The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change s (IPCC) reports are the most comprehensive

More information

LRF Skogsägarna s agenda for Forest and Climate

LRF Skogsägarna s agenda for Forest and Climate LRF Skogsägarna s agenda for Forest and Climate LRF Skogsägarna (the Federation of Swedish Family Forest Owners) regards forest as a renewable resource, with a central role in the ongoing transition to

More information

INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS (INDCs)

INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS (INDCs) UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTIONS (INDCs) 1. Introduction The United Republic of Tanzania, which comprises of Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar, brings forth her Intended

More information

Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change A Triple Win?

Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change A Triple Win? Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change A Triple Win? Dr. Andrew Steer Special Envoy for Climate Change The World Bank Group Your Royal Highnesses, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen, Let me begin

More information

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH World Environment Day June 2010 111 BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH By: Shahid Saleem Biodiversity loss and other environmental problems that the world is facing today are the products of hundreds of

More information

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga INTRODUCTION Climate change is a pertinent issue affecting the livelihoods and food security in both

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

Impacts of climate change on the EU s islands

Impacts of climate change on the EU s islands Impacts of climate change on the EU s islands Netherlands Antilles Macaronesia Greek Islands French Polynesia Reunion New Caledonia «It is clearly in the EU s interest to continue fighting for climate

More information

Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility. GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD

Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility. GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD GEF as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD Land Degradation Focal Area as main GEF financing window

More information

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Global CC threat CC in the A/P region The Stern Review and IPCC 4 th Assessment Report both state that climate change will have adverse impact on people

More information

CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING

CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING We, the ministers and other heads of delegation, having met on the occasion of the United Nations

More information

National Accounting Systems, Agricultural Statistics for Policy Analysis

National Accounting Systems, Agricultural Statistics for Policy Analysis National Accounting Systems, Agricultural Statistics for Policy Analysis Workshop on Measuring Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Poverty Alleviation for enhancing Accountability in the Post 2015

More information

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ethiopia intends to limit its net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2030 to 145 Mt CO2e or lower. This

More information

Climate change explained

Climate change explained Climate change explained Climate change is happening and is due to human activity, this includes global warming and greater risk of flooding, droughts and heat waves. Contents 1. Climate change now 2.

More information

Local Communities: Planning for Climate Change

Local Communities: Planning for Climate Change Local Communities: Planning for Climate Change Minister s foreword Climate change is a reality. It s up to all New Zealanders to help reduce the effects of climate change and keep our communities safe.

More information

Sustainable development, defined

Sustainable development, defined 12 Climate change impacts, adaptation and links to sustainable development in Africa B. Osman-Elasha Strategies for sustainable development and climate change adaptation have many common elements, so addressing

More information

ADAPTATION OF FORESTS AND PEOPLE TO CLIMATE CHANGE

ADAPTATION OF FORESTS AND PEOPLE TO CLIMATE CHANGE Contribution to the Synthesis publication under the Nairobi work programme by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) ADAPTATION OF FORESTS AND PEOPLE TO CLIMATE CHANGE Edited

More information

Helping the poorest to survive Promoting Adaptation to Climate Change

Helping the poorest to survive Promoting Adaptation to Climate Change Helping the poorest to survive Over the next several decades, individuals, communities and countries will have to continue to adapt to climate change, failing to do so will not only threaten the future

More information

Deforestation and its disastrous consequences for climate change and food security

Deforestation and its disastrous consequences for climate change and food security Deforestation and its disastrous consequences for climate change and food security Shiva S. Makki* This note prepared for posting on Youthink website [ http://youthink ]. The World Bank maintains this

More information

Environmental Science 101 Air Resources. Fall Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment:

Environmental Science 101 Air Resources. Fall Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment: 1 Environmental Science 101 Air Resources Fall 2012 Lecture Outline: 13. GLOBAL WARMING A. Not a Hypothesis Anymore! B. Introduction to Global Warming C. Carbon Dioxide D. Other Greenhouse Gases E. Amount

More information

Oregon. Climate Change Adaptation Framework

Oregon. Climate Change Adaptation Framework Oregon Climate Change Adaptation Framework Oregon Environmental Quality Commission Climate Change Adaptation Framework Presentation at a glance: Purposes of the framework Participating agencies Climate

More information

Submission from the Climate Emergency Institute by Dr. Peter Carter August 2013

Submission from the Climate Emergency Institute by Dr. Peter Carter August 2013 1 st Africa Food Security and Adaptation Conference 20-21 August 2013 Submission from the Climate Emergency Institute by Dr. Peter Carter August 2013 The organizers and promoters are to be congratulated

More information

Quinte Conservation Climate Change Strategy November 2015

Quinte Conservation Climate Change Strategy November 2015 Temperature - C Quinte Conservation Climate Change Strategy November 2015 As stewards of the local watersheds Quinte Conservation has been active in assessing and monitoring climate change and is proposing

More information

General Background Information on Climate Change:

General Background Information on Climate Change: Speech by Alvaro Rodriguez, Country Director, UNDP, Pakistan Roundtable Panel discussion on Climate Change: The impact on Biodiversity and Agriculture Case Study Pakistan Wetlands Programme International

More information

GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA)

GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA) GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA) FRAMEWORK DOCUMENT Version 01 :: 1 September 2014 I Vision 1. In today s world there is enough food produced for all to be well-fed, but one person

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council United Nations Economic and Social Council ECE/TIM/2013/Inf.6 Distr.: General 8 October 2013 Food and Agriculture Organization Original: English Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Forests and

More information

Developing Resilient Farming Systems in Northern Ghana. Stephen NUTSUGAH CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute

Developing Resilient Farming Systems in Northern Ghana. Stephen NUTSUGAH CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute Developing Resilient Farming Systems in Northern Ghana Stephen NUTSUGAH CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute Brief about CSIR-SARI and Research Strategy SARI conducts research into food and fibre

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

EnvironmentallyInduced Migration (EIM) and Sustainable development

EnvironmentallyInduced Migration (EIM) and Sustainable development EnvironmentallyInduced Migration (EIM) and Sustainable development By Sami Areikat, DSD/DESA/ United Nations Andrea Milan, University of Ferrara, Italy Contribution to: Climate Induced Migration in Middle

More information

NREGA for Water Management

NREGA for Water Management National Rural Employment Guarantee Act NREGA for Water Management 30 th October, 2009 Dr. Rita Sharma Secretary to Government of India Ministry of Rural Development NREGA objective supplement wage-employment

More information

Agroforestry and climate change. Emmanuel Torquebiau FAO webinar 5 February 2013

Agroforestry and climate change. Emmanuel Torquebiau FAO webinar 5 February 2013 Agroforestry and climate change Emmanuel Torquebiau FAO webinar 5 February 2013 Agroforestry: well-known buffering and resilience effects Climate variability is well buffered by agroforestry because of

More information

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector.

Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Matilda Skosana Environmental Programmes (ILO Definition): 1. DEFINITION OF GREEN JOB. Jobs are green when they help reduce negative environmental

More information

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE. Executive Summary

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE. Executive Summary CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE Sourcebook Executive Summary Why is climate-smart agriculture needed? Between now and 2050, the world s population will increase by one-third. Most of these additional 2 billion

More information

Climate change. United Nations Environment Programme

Climate change. United Nations Environment Programme Climate change United Nations Environment Programme An overview Climate change is one of the major challenges of our time and adds considerable stress to our societies and to the environment. From shifting

More information

7th Framework Programme Theme 6 Environment (including climate change)

7th Framework Programme Theme 6 Environment (including climate change) 7th Framework Programme Theme 6 Environment (including climate change) «Environnement» et «Énergie» Programme D. Deybe DG RTD Environment Directorate 1 Cooperation Collaborative Research Ten themes 1.

More information

CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011

CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011 CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011 Ministry of Environment Cambodia CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011 Ministry of Environment Cambodia

More information

Speech at the High-Level Conference on World Food Security

Speech at the High-Level Conference on World Food Security Speech at the High-Level Conference on World Food Security SUN Zhengcai Minister of Agriculture People s Republic of China Rome, June 2008 Distinguished Chairperson, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

More information

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Overview A significant amount of existing research indicates that the world s climate is changing. Emergency

More information

Food Security in a Volatile World

Food Security in a Volatile World Issues in Brief Food Security in a Volatile World Developments in agriculture over the last fifty years have increased yields sufficiently to provide on average more than enough food for every person on

More information

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups:

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups: The agricultural statistics series will be based on the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that is located in the resource section and available from the Wikipedia web page (wiki.asfoc.ibge.gov.br).

More information

The Contribution of Global Agriculture to Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Contribution of Global Agriculture to Greenhouse Gas Emissions The Contribution of Global Agriculture to Greenhouse Gas Emissions Dr. Tommy Boland, School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 tommy.boland@ucd.ie Acknowledge

More information

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved.

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

2.94 Climate change mitigation and land use

2.94 Climate change mitigation and land use 2.94 Climate change mitigation and land use RECALLING Recommendation 18.22 Global Climate Change adopted by the 18 th Session of the IUCN General Assembly (Perth, 1990); RECALLING Recommendations 1.71

More information

18.01.2014 Final Communiqué of the GFFA 2014

18.01.2014 Final Communiqué of the GFFA 2014 18.01.2014 Final Communiqué of the GFFA 2014 "Empowering Agriculture: Fostering Resilience Securing Food and Nutrition" We, the Agriculture Ministers of 65 states of the world, assembled here in Berlin

More information

European information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation (Climate-ADAPT and other EEA products and services)

European information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation (Climate-ADAPT and other EEA products and services) André Jol, EEA Head of Group Climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation JASPERS Networking Platform Event Climate change adaptation: Vulnerability and Risk Assessment and the Resilience of Major

More information

Climate change. United Nations Environment Programme

Climate change. United Nations Environment Programme Climate change United Nations Environment Programme An overview Climate change is one of the major challenges of our time and adds considerable stress to our societies and to the environment. From shifting

More information

THE CANCUN DECLARATION

THE CANCUN DECLARATION CBD Distr. GENERAL UNEP/CBD/COP/13/24 6 December 2016 CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Thirteenth meeting Cancun, Mexico, 4-17 December 2016 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH THE CANCUN

More information

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under the UNFCCC

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under the UNFCCC The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia under the UNFCCC Riyadh, November 2015 The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is pleased to submit its Intended Nationally Determined

More information

Discussion Paper. Tropical Forest Deforestation

Discussion Paper. Tropical Forest Deforestation Discussion Paper Tropical Forest Deforestation December 2014 Author: Eimear Dempsey (email: eimear@naturalforeststandard.com) Published: 2 December 2014 Introduction Tropical Forests can vary widely in

More information

RESTORATION OF COMMUNITY DEFORESTED FOREST TO MITIGATE THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE. Galiwango Gideon Bukko CISONET President.

RESTORATION OF COMMUNITY DEFORESTED FOREST TO MITIGATE THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE. Galiwango Gideon Bukko CISONET President. RESTORATION OF COMMUNITY DEFORESTED FOREST TO MITIGATE THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE Uganda's forests contain 109 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected

More information

Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Ecuador Country Note

Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Ecuador Country Note Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Ecuador Country Note December 2008 This Country Note briefly summarizes information relevant to both climate change and agriculture 1 in Ecuador, with focus on policy

More information

Tropical Forests and Climate Change

Tropical Forests and Climate Change Tropical Forests and Climate Change Statement by the International Expert Meeting on Addressing Climate Change through Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests 1 Key messages Forest restoration and sustainable

More information

FAO-Adapt. Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation

FAO-Adapt. Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation FAO-Adapt Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation FAO-ADAPT FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO) 2011 Cover photo: FAO/Giuseppe

More information

Effects of Climate Change

Effects of Climate Change Effects of Climate Change LESSON 3 Guiding Question: What are the effects of climate change? State ways in which the warming atmosphere affects ecosystems and organisms. Explain how climate change is affecting

More information

ASEAN Framework for Tackling Climate Change and Food Security

ASEAN Framework for Tackling Climate Change and Food Security REGIONAL EXPERT FORUM ON CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY IN ASEAN 2 nd - 3 rd May 2013 Nai Lert Park Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand ------------------------------------------------------------

More information

Climate Change Impacts and Grassland

Climate Change Impacts and Grassland Climate Change Impacts and Grassland Alan Hopkins Effects on grassland production 49 Experimental approach 49 Modelling 50 Knowledge Transfer 51 Alan Hopkins Climate change is becoming a major environmental

More information

AMESD/MESA & GMES and Africa

AMESD/MESA & GMES and Africa AMESD/MESA & GMES and Africa Jolly Wasambo AUC-REA Outline Background MESA: objective and expected results Thematic actions & services Some concerns about natural resources Land degradation Loss of soil

More information

Erie Tamale Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Erie Tamale Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Status and Trends of Global Biodiversity: Third Edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook Erie Tamale Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Scope of the Presentation Status and trends

More information

JOINT WORK PROGRAM FOR THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FUND AND SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE FUND. GEF/LDCF.SCCF.19/04 September 28, 2015

JOINT WORK PROGRAM FOR THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FUND AND SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE FUND. GEF/LDCF.SCCF.19/04 September 28, 2015 19 th LDCF/SCCF Council Meeting October 22, 2015 Washington, D.C. GEF/LDCF.SCCF.19/04 September 28, 2015 Agenda Item 04 JOINT WORK PROGRAM FOR THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES FUND AND SPECIAL CLIMATE CHANGE

More information

How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other?

How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other? Core Idea ESS3 Vocabulary Earth and Human Activity How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other? Earth human activities planetary systems resource renewable or replaceable Natural

More information

Facts on biodiversity

Facts on biodiversity Facts on biodiversity What is biodiversity? Biological diversity (biodiversity) comprises diversity of species and habitats as well as the genetic diversity within the individual species of fauna and flora.

More information

Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation

Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation Building adaptive capacity: Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation BuiLding adaptive CapaCity: Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation

More information

AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON LONG-TERM COOPERATIVE ACTION UNDER THE CONVENTION Eighth session Copenhagen, 7 15 December 2009

AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON LONG-TERM COOPERATIVE ACTION UNDER THE CONVENTION Eighth session Copenhagen, 7 15 December 2009 UNITED NATIONS Distr. LIMITED FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/L.7/Rev.1 16 December 2009 Original: ENGLISH AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON LONG-TERM COOPERATIVE ACTION UNDER THE CONVENTION Eighth session Copenhagen, 7 15 December

More information

PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT

PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR IMMEDIATE PROGRESS ON CLIMATE CHANGE BUILDING BLOCKS FOR A GLOBAL AGREEMENT Forging an effective response to climate change is one of the international community s highest priorities.

More information

Available study programs at Czech University of Life Sciences Prague

Available study programs at Czech University of Life Sciences Prague EU subject code University subject Name of course/program Mobility Language Homepage 1,1 1,1 Environmental Engineering in Agriculture II Rural Communication and Extension 1,1 Tropical Forestry and Agroforestry

More information

Business as Usual is Not an Option: Trade and Markets

Business as Usual is Not an Option: Trade and Markets Issues in Brief Business as Usual is Not an Option: Trade and Markets Underinvestment in developing country agriculture including in local and regional market infrastructure, information and services has

More information

Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE

Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE CONTENTS Introduction..1 Convention Guidance... 2 Agricultural

More information

UGANDA. Climate Change Case Studies

UGANDA. Climate Change Case Studies UGANDA Climate Change Case Studies Introduction The Department of Meteorology, as National Focal Point for the UNFCCC has coordinated several climate change projects and programmes. Some, which we think

More information

Resolution XII.13. Wetlands and disaster risk reduction

Resolution XII.13. Wetlands and disaster risk reduction 12 th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) Punta del Este, Uruguay, 1-9 June 2015 Resolution XII.13 Wetlands and disaster risk reduction 1. RECALLING

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE SUMMARY FOR POLICY MAKERS panoramio.com 1 Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territory Planning B.P. 115 Praia Cape Verde http://www.governo.cv United

More information

Chapter Meeting Ecological Challenges. Key Questions: 1) How does the average ecological footprint in America compare to the world s average?

Chapter Meeting Ecological Challenges. Key Questions: 1) How does the average ecological footprint in America compare to the world s average? Chapter 6 6.4 Meeting Ecological Challenges Key Questions: 1) How does the average ecological footprint in America compare to the world s average? Ecological Footprint Ecologists refer to the human impact

More information

The state of bioenergy and agriculture : today and tomorrow

The state of bioenergy and agriculture : today and tomorrow The state of bioenergy and agriculture : today and tomorrow Sustainable Biofuels Regulations Standards and Certification Workshop 18-19 September 2012, Brussels Martina Otto United Nations Environment

More information

Adaptation to the Treats of Climatic

Adaptation to the Treats of Climatic Adaptation to the Treats of Climatic Change: Disaster Management Anoja Seneviratne, Assistant Director (Technology and Mitigation) Disaster Management Centre, Colombo 07 Climatic Change and Disasters Tsunami

More information