U.S. History Homework Packet The Constitution Ms. Peckham 10/22-11/06

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1 U.S. History Homework Packet The Constitution Ms. Peckham 10/22-11/06 Tuesday (10/23): Read Chapter 2, Section 1, The Delegates Meet in Philadelphia Wednesday (10/24): Read Chapter 2, Section 2, Convention Proceedings and Compromises Thursday (10/25): Read Chapter 2, Section 3, Ratification Friday (10/26): Read Chapter 3, Section 1, Constitutional Principles Monday (10/29): Read Chapter 3, Section 2, The Amendment Process Tuesday (10/30): Read Chapter 3, Section 3, Informal Changes Wednesday (10/31): Read Chapter 4, Section 1, The Supreme Court and the Constitution Thursday (11/01): Read Chapter 4, Section 2, First Amendment Freedoms Monday (11/05): Continue studying the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Complete HW packet. Tuesday (11/06): HW Packet Due. Constitution Quiz!

2 Chapter 2, Section 1: The Delegates Meet at Philadelphia a. convention: b. delegate: c. boycott: d. envoy: e. conciliator: II. Reading for Facts a. Where did the Constitutional Convention take place?: b. What was the Constitutional Convention called in 1787?: c. Who was President of the Constitutional Convention?: a. Why did Rhode Island refuse to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention? b. How did the delegates differ from typical Americans of their time? c. What people or groups did not participate in the convention?

3 Section 2: Convention Proceedings and Compromises a. quorum: b. legislative: c. executive: d. judicial: e. popular sovereignty: f. compromise: g. resolution: h. clause: II. Sequencing Events Put a 1-6 next to each event corresponding with the order in which it occurred. Three-fifths compromise reached Delegates sign Constitution New Jersey Plan introduced Delegates decide to write new Constitution Virginia Plan is introduced Great Compromise is reached a. In what ways were the New Jersey Plan and Virginia Plan different? b. In what ways were the New Jersey Plan and Virginia Plan similar?

4 Section 3: Ratification a. ratify: b. censure: c. dissent: d. successor: II. Reviewing Main Ideas: a. What was the difference between Federalists and Antifederalists positions on the new Constitution? b. Why was the support of New York and Virginia so important, even after nine states had ratified the Constitution? c. What important action did the First Congress take in 1789?

5 Chapter 3, Section 1: Constitutional Principles a. constitutionalism: b. federalism: c. elastic clause: d. judicial review: e. impeachment: f. unconstitutional: II. Organizing Facts: The six words below describe the powers delegated to the three branches of government. In the spaces provided, write the two words associated with each branch. veto interpret impeach review appoint override a. Supreme Court: b. Congress: c. President: a. In what sense is the Constitution a statement of limited government? b. Explain how the American system of government is an example of federalism. c. How does the system of checks and balances affect the way in which the government works?

6 Section 2: The Amendment Process a. amend: b. joint resolution: c. due process: d. civil: e. bail: f. repeal: II. Reading a Chart: In the chart below, circle the amendments that expanded voting rights Bill of Rights Immunity of states from certain suits Changes to electoral college Prohibition of slavery Citizenship, due process, and equal protection Prohibits denial of the vote because of race Income Tax Direct election of Senators Prohibition of sale or consumption of liquor Right to vote to women Change dates for presidential and congressional terms Repeal of 18 th Amendment Limit on presidential terms Electoral vote for Washington, DC Prohibition of tax to vote ( poll tax ) Presidential disability and succession Minimum age for voting set at Congressional pay 1992 a. In what two ways can the constitution be amended? b. What fundamental rights are protected by the First Amendment?

7 Section 3: Informal Changes a. political party: b. nomination: c. succession: d. Cabinet: II. Fact and Opinion: Read the statements below and decide whether each one is a fact or an opinion. a. The process of formal amendment is much more important than the process of informal amendment. b. Jefferson violated the Constitution when he decided to buy the Louisiana Territory. c. The Elastic clause gives Congress the freedom to define and extend its powers. d. America s two-party system is almost certainly unconstitutional. e. The process of informal changes has had a greater effect on the Constitution than the formal process of amending it. a. What are some ways that Congress and the President have made informal constitutional changes? b. How have customs shaped the practices of government? c. What important power does judicial review give to the Supreme Court?

8 Chapter 4, Section 1: Judicial Review a. precedent: b. commission: c. writ of habeas corpus: d. jurisdiction: II. Reviewing Main Ideas: a. Who was the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court? What did this Chief Justice believe about the Supreme Court s role in interpreting the Constitution? b. Explain the significance of Marbury v. Madison, describing the events that led up to the court case and the legal precedent that the Court s ruling established. c. Which Amendment requires states to obey federal laws?

9 Section 2, First Amendment Freedoms a. nonsectarian: b. libel: _ II. Reviewing Main Ideas: a. Name the four freedoms guaranteed by the First Amendment. b. Religious freedom is protected in two clauses. What are these two clauses? c. The Supreme Court has attempted to balance the rights of the individual with the needs of society. Look at the cases mentioned on p Why does the Supreme Court sometimes rule in favor of limiting freedom of religion or freedom of speech?

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