1. The colonial response to British attempts to tax them without their consent was summarized in the slogan: a. No, no not a cent for a tribute b.

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1 BELL WORK The colonial response to British attempts to tax them without their consent was summarized in the slogan: a. No, no not a cent for a tribute b. No taxation without representation c. No taxation without justification d. No taxation without justice Answer: b 2. The British tax on sugar, coffee, and wine was called the: a. Stamp Act b. Townshend Duties c. Sugar Act d. Tea Act Answer: c

2 THE COMING OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The American Revolution Indicator:

3 AGENDA DAY 1 Bell Work Review Chain of events leading to Revolution Read CTF Lexington and Concord and Second Continental Congress Notes/Discussion (PowerPoint) Guided Practice-Students will create a foldable Students will use informational text to gather info to fill in foldable I will model creating foldable and finding relevant information in the text Guided- We will work to find relevant information on perspectives of different groups of people in the American Revolution Closure- Q & A using whiteboards Independent Practice-Students work independently to finish perspectives of Patriots and Loyalists

4 PREVIOUS/FUTURE KNOWLEDGE: In grade three, students compared the perspectives of South Carolinians during the American Revolution, including Patriots, Loyalists, women, enslaved and free Africans, and Native Americans (3-3.2) and summarized key conflicts and key leaders of the American Revolution in South Carolina (3-3.3). Students learned how the American Revolution affected attitudes toward and the future of slavery, women, and Native Americans in grade four (4-3.4).

5 ROAD TO REVOLUTION State Standard 8-2 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes of the American Revolution and the beginnings of the new nation, with an emphasis on South Carolina s role in the development of that nation State Indicator Compare the perspectives of different groups of South Carolinians during the American Revolution, including Patriots, Tories/Loyalists, women, enslaved and free Africans, and Native Americans. Focus Statement Compare the perspectives of different groups of South Carolinians during the American Revolution, including Patriots, Tories/Loyalists, women, enslaved and free Africans, and Native Americans.

6 REVIEW-CHAIN OF EVENTS LEADING TO THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts First Continental Congress Lexington and Concord Second Continental Congress Declaration of Independence

7 How is this relevant to me? How many of you have ever gotten into a argument or fight that you really didn t want to get into? Not all of the colonist were in favor of independence! Patriots vs Loyalists

8 FOCUS STATEMENT Compare the perspectives of different groups of South Carolinians during the American Revolution, including Patriots, & Tories/Loyalists

9 INTRODUCTION Students must understand that not all South Carolinians, indeed not all American colonists, agreed that the colonies should be independent from Great Britain. The perspectives and roles of different South Carolinians during the American Revolution led to a civil war within South Carolina and ultimately impacted the success of the Patriot cause in the Revolutionary War.

10 TEACHER MODEL Teacher will model how to create a foldable Layered Book The book will be used to take notes Teacher will also model finding relevant information for first page Guided Students will create foldable and find information

11 TEACHER MODEL- FIND RELEVANT INFORMATION FOR PATRIOTS GUIDED- WE FIND RELEVANT INFORMATION TOGETHER Patriots were those colonists who supported the Continental Congress and independence. Lowcountry South Carolina Patriots created a provisional government to control the colony during the war. The political leaders were wealthy white men who were land owners and who supported independence. South Carolina Patriots volunteered as soldiers to fight in colonial militias and with Patriot partisan groups.

12 VARIED VIEWPOINTS ON THE REVOLUTION Patriots v/s Loyalist

13 VARIED VIEWPOINTS ON THE REVOLUTION In South Carolina 1/3 of the population were Patriots and 1/3 were Tories/Loyalists There were many more Loyalists in SC than in most colonies Therefore, more battles were fought in SC than any other colony

14 CLOSURE Not all groups of colonist agreed with the Continental Congress and Independence. However which group DID support Independence? Answer: PATRIOTS

15 INDEPENDENT PRACTICE Students will complete foldable tabs on Patriots and Loyalists.

16 In favor of independence:

17 PATRIOTS Patriots were those colonists who supported the Continental Congress and independence. Lowcountry South Carolina Patriots created a provisional government to control the colony during the war. The political leaders were wealthy white men who were land owners and who supported independence. South Carolina Patriots volunteered as soldiers to fight in colonial militias and with Patriot partisan groups.

18 CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING What group was in favor of Independence? Patriots 18

19 PATRIOTS Most Patriots were from New England and Virginia Patriots fought in small militias in their local regions and returned home to work on their farms In SC, Patriots tended to be from the Low Country Viewpoint: Felt that recent British laws violated their rights as British Citizens.

20 CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING Where were most Patriots from in South Carolina? Answer: The Low Country 20

21 CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING How did SC Patriots fight for independence? Answer: Volunteered to fight in colonial militias and with Patriot partisan groups 21

22 Opposed to independence:

23 LOYALISTS/TORIES Most Tories or Loyalists were wealthy supporters of Parliament and the king. In SC, Tories/Loyalists tended to be from the Up Country Viewpoint: Believed that British rule was the best way to maintain peace and prosperity in the colonies

24 LOYALISTS South Carolina Loyalists, who remained loyal to the King and Great Britain, volunteered to fight on the side of the British. There were more Loyalists in South Carolina than in any of the other colonies, except New York. Most soldiers in the backcountry were Loyalists, or Tories as the American Patriots derisively referred to them. Lowcountry Patriots and backcountry Loyalists fought each other in the Revolutionary War.

25 CHECKING FOR UNDERSTANDING What group was opposed to Independence? Answer: Loyalists- Loyalist were Loyal to the King! 25

26 Some did not take sides:

27 NEUTRAL Many of the backcountry people were not true loyalists in principal, but instead wished to live their lives without interference. An example would be the number of backcountry German immigrants who had no allegiance to either the King or to the principles of democracy.

28 LOYALISTS Lowcountry Patriots and backcountry Loyalists fought each other in the Revolutionary War. When the war ended, many Loyalists voluntarily left South Carolina for the Caribbean or Canada. Others were fined or run out of town.

29 CLOSURE How did the Loyalists view the American Revolution? How did the Patriots view the American Revolution?

30 INDEPENDENT PRACTICE Students will continue to use text book and informational text to bullet perspectives of different groups during the revolution. They will work to create a foldable which will display varying perspectives. Patriots Loyalists Women African Americans Native Americans

31 Materials Needed SC Standards Building of A Nation Textbook Student Resource Manual Document Camera/Promethean Board PowerPoint Teacher Created Notes Teacher Created Graphic Organizers Informational Text Primary Source Documents

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