Questions and Answers on the Rural Poverty Report 2011

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Questions and Answers on the Rural Poverty Report 2011"

Transcription

1 Questions and Answers on the Rural Poverty Report 2011 What is the Rural Poverty Report 2011? Why is it important? The report is a comprehensive review of rural poverty, which accounts for 70 per cent of the world s extremely poor people about 1 billion children, women and men. The report is an in-depth evaluation of the state of rural poverty and its consequences for people all over the world. It also makes important recommendations on policies and investments that will help rural women and men move out of poverty and, in the process, become part of the solution for the global food security challenges of the next several decades. To that end, the Rural Poverty Report 2011 includes personal profiles drawn from interviews with women and men from around the world who are struggling to overcome poverty and whose opinions, observations and experiences are vital to understanding the contributions they themselves can make in the effort to eradicate hunger and protect the environment for future generations. What are the key food security challenges you referenced? Global food production will have to be raised by 70 per cent by 2050 on as little as 12 per cent more arable land. And output in developing countries will likely have to double from what it is now, in order to feed the 9 billion people who will inhabit the earth by then. Complicating these challenges are the consequences of climate change which will make agricultural production more difficult in many places along with environmental degradation and growing competition for land and especially water. Why are rural women and men in the developing world so important to addressing these challenges? Smallholder farms in developing countries currently feed almost a third of the world s population, and they produce 80 per cent of the food consumed in the developing world. Women farmers play a key role as they produce most of the food that is consumed locally in rural areas. And this is despite the fact that in many areas they have grossly inadequate access to secure land tenure, inputs, credit, equipment and market opportunities. Clearly, the ability of smallholder farms to increase their production in a sustainable way and to be better linked to existing and emerging market opportunities is enormously important not only to reducing rural poverty, but

2 also to feeding the world s growing population and resolving pressing environmental and climate challenges. What is the state of rural poverty today? There has been huge progress, above all in East Asia. But rural poverty continues to be a massive phenomenon. There are still about 1 billion desperately poor people in the world s rural areas. Children and young women and men continue to be a large and growing proportion of poor rural people. And increasing numbers of them are unwilling to live and work in rural communities because they don t see a future in it. This alone intensifies the urgency of addressing rural poverty, as the disaffection of young rural people is a major problem, the consequences of which are felt across the planet. What are the broad trends with regard to the presence of rural poverty in the developing world? While the population of the developing world is still more rural than urban, we expect that total rural population in developing countries will peak in the next 10 to 15 years. It will then begin to decline and thereafter the developing world s urban population will overtake it. The largest numbers of poor rural people are in middle-income countries, but their numbers are declining, while those in the poorest countries are increasing. Overall, South Asia has the greatest number of poor rural people, and sub- Saharan Africa has the highest incidence of rural poverty. What are some of the common characteristics in rural poverty that you see across regions? Generally speaking, rural poverty across regions is associated with insufficient access to or ownership of assets and resources, especially land and water. It is also generally associated with lack of access to financial services, education opportunities, advisory services, infrastructure and well-functioning markets. Certain groups particularly rural women, young people, indigenous peoples and ethnic minorities are often disproportionately held back by disadvantages rooted in inequalities. How important is farming to rural households generally? While 80 per cent of them globally are engaged in farming to some degree, it is also true that most rural households are not farming full time rather, they derive their incomes from a variety of sources. Up to 60 per cent depend on at least two sources for the majority of their income, and about 40 per cent of all rural income is from nonfarm sources. Another important characteristic we noticed is that while there are certainly a large number of rural households that find themselves in chronic poverty, a relatively large number of people are poor only at specific points of time. In 2

3 developing countries, it is typical for up to one-fifth of the population to move into or out of poverty within a five-year period. Does this mean that rural poverty is essentially the same everywhere? No, not at all. Rural poverty is diverse in character when you compare regions of the world, when you compare countries within a region, and in many cases even when you compare areas within the same country. It can also be experienced very differently among individuals within households depending on gender and age, for instance. While most rural households share a tendency to diversify their livelihood base, there is much variation in the degree to which they rely on different income sources such as farming, agricultural wage labour, wage or self-employment in the rural non-farm economy, and migration. The livelihood mix of each household depends on a range of factors. These include its composition and assets particularly land and livestock or lack of these the education of its members and the perception of the risk associated with different choices. The national and local economic environment is also a major factor in determining this mix. In brief, what causes rural poverty? Poverty is typically associated with lack of productive assets, limited economic opportunities, poor education and skills, and disadvantages related to social, political and gender inequalities. However, even people who live above the poverty line can move into poverty for periods of time, as the result of one or more of a range of shocks such as ill-health, poor harvests, conflict, natural disasters, social expenses or market price volatility. On the other side of that coin, how do people typically move out of poverty? Mobility out of poverty is highly associated with personal initiative and enterprise, as well as household characteristics such as education, good health and ownership of physical assets. Outside the household, the key factors are a climate of economic growth and local availability of markets, access to financial services, the presence of decent infrastructure such as roads and utilities, and enabling institutions including good governance. What has happened to rural poverty since the last report that IFAD put out on this subject nearly 10 years ago? First, there was the global food crisis from 2006 to 2008, which drove up prices. This is something that you would expect to be good for agricultural communities, but in fact it has a mixed effect because it also drives up the prices that many poor rural people themselves have to pay to eat and to purchase the necessary inputs for their farms. And 3

4 although food prices have retreated considerably from that spike, higher prices continue to have a mixed impact on rural communities. Secondly, poor rural people are facing escalating natural resource constraints (water as well as land), as well as climate change and its effects, and growing competition for land. Protectionist agricultural trade policies of the OECD countries continue to take their toll on the economic prospects of farmers in developing countries. And the vast majority of poor rural households are still too far removed from the business and market opportunities in both agriculture and the non-farm economy that could enable them to be more productive and prosperous. Unfortunately, when they are integrated into markets, it is sometimes on terms that do not help them move out of poverty. This is the case for thousands of poor rural women working for meagre wages and in insecure conditions in agricultural value chains in Africa and Latin America. Is there any good news in all of this? Yes. Agricultural markets have changed profoundly and fundamentally in recent years and there are opportunities for rural households today that did not exist before. Urban societies are growing and this brings a growing demand for high-quality food. We are seeing the emergence of new and improving agricultural markets modern value chains that are better organized to respond to growing urban demand as well as those that are bringing non-farm jobs to many rural areas. So it s not just a focus on agriculture you are calling for in the report? While agriculture continues to be a key driver of both farm and non-farm economic growth, we have seen benefits from other drivers. The first is that when urban migration and growth happens in a balanced and dispersed way, it can have a positive economic spillover into nearby rural areas and that is indeed happening in some places. Secondly, although it has by no means benefited everyone, the process of globalization and economic liberalization has enabled non-agricultural value chains to drive development and job growth in what used to be desperately poor rural areas. Further, you may have heard the story about how mobile phones are helping farmers and rural businesses become more connected with their markets and it is true that this is an expanding and highly important phenomenon. The expansion of new communications technologies are continuing to help some rural areas develop and become more economically viable. And finally, there is the ever-expanding search for renewable energy technologies perhaps this is one benefit of the growing recognition that climate change is a major problem. Many of these renewable sources, particularly wind and solar power, are most suitable for rural areas so they are helping create jobs and economic activity, as well. 4

5 So, amid these more positive developments, what particular concerns does the report raise? The problem is that poor rural women and men need to manage the multiple risks they face, and this constrains their ability to take up the emerging opportunities. The report makes the key point that it is absolutely necessary to understand these risks and to address them, if there is to be substantial progress toward eradicating rural poverty. Why is understanding and addressing risk so important? For a poor person living in a rural area, investing in new farming technologies, or perhaps starting a small business that will help drive economic growth in the community, or even migrating to the city and sending money home to help the community all of these involve risk. Poor people in rural areas already face enormous risk as it is. They are especially exposed to shocks that can wipe them out financially whether it s the kinds of ill-health that are often prevalent in rural areas, or natural disasters, or conflict. Other risks they face include overall natural resource degradation, growing insecurity of access to land, and greater volatility of food prices. The way they generally manage all these risks is to diversify. And that is why we see more than half of rural households worldwide depending on at least two sources for their income. They also resort to coping strategies that involve incurring debt, selling assets or forgoing educational opportunities for their children. Under these conditions, many households seek to grow their own food rather than buying it in markets, while other farming households will avoid the risk of investing in market-oriented crops because the local markets aren t reliable In addition to these risks, what are the other specific barriers that make it difficult for smallholders to participate in new and emerging agricultural markets? Essentially a combination of the factors that lead to high transaction costs and diminish the conditions for growth, development and risk-taking. Poor infrastructure, such as a lack of good roads, electricity and the communications and technology facilities that are needed for improved market information flows. On that note, in rural areas there is usually a paucity of basic services like health care, financial, banking, credit, advisory and education particularly technical education that is appropriate in the rural context upon which to build local growth and prosperity. Moreover, when services are available, they are often not equally accessible to poor and less poor people, and to women as well as men. When the collective capabilities of farmers are strengthened so that they can better organize among themselves and collaborate with other actors, they are able to address the high transaction costs more effectively and improve their bargaining power in the market. One area where women and men farmers can particularly benefit is in addressing the difficulties and high costs of meeting rigid food safety and quality standards that are often present in the modern value chains that are potentially lucrative markets for them. 5

6 So what needs to be done? The ultimate aim is to develop smallholder farming systems that are productive, integrated into markets and thus profitable, environmentally sustainable and resilient to risks and shocks. An important part of that is improving the overall environment of rural areas to make them places where people can find greater opportunities, face fewer risks and become financially successful. That means more investment in infrastructure, more investment in services like education, heath care and financial services, more investments in agricultural research, and more dedication to upgrading women s and men s skills related to farming and other technological pursuits. Good governance is critical to all of this. So is creating more and better farmers organizations, for women as well as men. These organizations can sell produce in bulk on behalf of their members, reduce risk and transaction costs, work with other organizations and the private sector to bring in buyers, and generally improve farmers market access and bargaining power. But, given the challenges associated with access to land and the deteriorating natural resources base, converting so many millions of impoverished farming households into successful and profitable producers seems like an immense task. It is. And not all will make it. But we have to make the developing world s smallholder farms more productive, and to increase their yields in a sustainable way, if we are to avoid major food crises in the future. And the potential to do it is there. Indeed, we ve seen agricultural production in developing countries rise at a healthy clip of 3 per cent annually over the past four decades. This is largely because of advances in farming practices and technologies such as new seed varieties and improved livestock breeds and better policies and investments by the international community. But even today we still have a long way to go in closing the gap between what farmers in developing countries are producing, and what they could be producing through further available improvements. The Rural Poverty Report 2011 offers a broad range of suggestions based on approaches and initiatives that have worked in some countries for policies and investment strategies by individual nations and the global community to close this gap. This would go a long way towards both eradicating rural poverty and meeting global food security challenges. Like what? What are some of the ideas that can help? A key theme of the Rural Poverty Report is the growing movement towards something that is called sustainable agricultural intensification. This agenda needs to be encouraged. There should be more attention to practices such as: improved soil and water management enhancing soil fertility using a variety of agro-ecological processes 6

7 crop rotations and integration of crop and livestock (and sometimes aquaculture) enterprises integrated pest management the use of crop varieties and livestock breeds that are more productive and more resistant to stress more selective and more frugal use of external inputs seeds, agro-chemicals and water. The practices will differ from place to place and from one situation to another. But the broadest study we have to date on sustainable farming practices shows that they have improved yields by an average of nearly 80 per cent over four years. What we need is a systemic approach that uses a variety of innovations derived from the latest scientific discoveries and from local practices and knowledge to bring agriculture into the forefront of efforts to protect and preserve land, air and water for generations to come. Are you talking about organic farming? In some cases, yes. But while organic farming can be sustainable, it is not sustainable by definition. What we re really talking about are better farming practices overall better soil, water and pest management. Doing what works to improve yields in a sustainable way. In some cases that can mean organic approaches, no-tillage farming or returning to traditional methods and practices to build up soil capacity and improve water retention. In other cases, such as in Africa, it may require more rather than fewer inputs like fertilizer, or new kinds of seeds or pest management practices. Whatever works in the local context in light of the actual needs, concerns and opportunities of poor rural women and men. So sum it all up for me. What does the Rural Poverty Report 2011 suggest needs to be done to eradicate rural poverty? Again, our ultimate aim must be the development of smallholder farming systems that are productive, integrated into dynamic markets, environmentally sustainable and resilient to risks and shocks. At the same time, we need to go beyond what agriculture can do by itself and encourage more opportunities for growth in the rural non-farm economy. And we can do all that first by improving the overall environment of rural areas as places to do business, particularly by supporting their infrastructure and services like finance, communications and health care. Secondly, we need to focus on reducing the level of risk that poor rural women and men face in their everyday lives, and to make that goal a requisite in every anti-poverty effort. By doing this, we can make it more likely that poor rural people themselves will make the investments necessary to become more successful and productive as farmers and as business people. Thirdly, there needs to be more support to advancing the individual capabilities of poor rural people women as well as men particularly by upgrading educational and training opportunities that are relevant in the rural context. Indeed, rural education 7

8 and skills is an area that has been much neglected in the past, and we really need to step up the focus on that. And finally, we need to strengthen their collective capabilities and support their own joint efforts to manage risks and assets, to learn new techniques and skills, and, if they are farmers, to market their produce. These kinds of organizations can also be effective in changing government policies for the better, and they give rural people the confidence and knowledge to advance their prospects for success. What is IFAD? Why does IFAD put out a report such as this? The International Fund for Agricultural Development is an international financial institution and a specialized agency of the United Nations. It was established in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference, which was organized in response to the food crises of the early 1970s that primarily affected the Sahelian countries of Africa. One of the most important insights emerging from the conference was that the causes of food insecurity and famine were not so much failures in food production, but structural problems relating to poverty and to the fact that the majority of the developing world's poor populations live in rural areas. Our mission at IFAD is to enable poor rural people to overcome poverty. Our goal is to eradicate rural poverty. To that end, this report is intended to raise awareness about the state of rural poverty today and its larger consequences. It also aims to help build consensus around policies, investments and strategies that we see are working and have great potential to support the world s poor rural people in their efforts to build a more hopeful future for themselves and their children. 8

Facts & Figures. Rural Poverty in the Developing World. Trends in Rural Poverty Developing World. From the Rural Poverty Report 2011

Facts & Figures. Rural Poverty in the Developing World. Trends in Rural Poverty Developing World. From the Rural Poverty Report 2011 Facts & Figures Rural Poverty in the Developing World Despite massive progress over the past two decades in reducing poverty in some parts of the world notably East Asia there are still about 1.4 billion

More information

Overview. Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty

Overview. Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty Overview Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty This report is a product of staff of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the findings and conclusions expressed herein

More information

What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today?

What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today? Subdirección de Investigación y Research Extensión and Extension Branch What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today? Presented by Magdalena Blum Extension Systems Officer

More information

Poverty Reduction and Trade:

Poverty Reduction and Trade: Poverty Reduction and Trade: Fairtrade as a Vehicle to Combat Poverty 28 May 2011 Produced by: Carlos Canales Strategy and Policy Unit Fairtrade International c.canales@fairtrade.net www.fairtrade.net

More information

18.01.2014 Final Communiqué of the GFFA 2014

18.01.2014 Final Communiqué of the GFFA 2014 18.01.2014 Final Communiqué of the GFFA 2014 "Empowering Agriculture: Fostering Resilience Securing Food and Nutrition" We, the Agriculture Ministers of 65 states of the world, assembled here in Berlin

More information

Food Security What role for Extension?

Food Security What role for Extension? Subdirección de Investigación y Research Extensión and Extension Branch Food Security What role for Extension? Presented by Magdalena Blum Extension Systems Officer Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

More information

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Peru

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Peru IFAD/Cesar Ascención Huamán Sopla Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Peru Rural poverty in Peru Peru is a middle-income country with a growing gross domestic product. It ranks 77 th out

More information

*Direct and Indirect Energy. Distribution Retail FOOD AND ENERGY LOSSES

*Direct and Indirect Energy. Distribution Retail FOOD AND ENERGY LOSSES CHAPTER 1 At a glance: the role of energy in food security and climate How energy affects food security Energy is needed in all steps along the agrifood chain: in the production of crops, fish, livestock

More information

The impact of high food prices on hunger

The impact of high food prices on hunger Briefing paper: Hunger on the rise Soaring prices add 75 million people to global hunger rolls The impact of high food prices on hunger Provisional FAO estimates show that the number of undernourished

More information

Concept Note and Call for Papers AFRICAN ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Feeding Africa: Towards Agro-Allied Industrialization for Inclusive Growth

Concept Note and Call for Papers AFRICAN ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Feeding Africa: Towards Agro-Allied Industrialization for Inclusive Growth African Economic Conference Concept Note and Call for Papers AFRICAN ECONOMIC CONFERENCE 2016 Feeding Africa: Towards Agro-Allied Industrialization for Inclusive Growth Abuja, Nigeria December 5-7, 2016

More information

Trends in Agrifood Systems

Trends in Agrifood Systems 1 of 39 Trends in Agrifood Systems Drivers, Changes, Impacts and Overall Assessment About the FAO Policy Learning Programme This programme aims at equipping high level officials from developing countries

More information

A Review of Food Security and the Role of Animal Production in Vietnam

A Review of Food Security and the Role of Animal Production in Vietnam International Symposium Sustaining Food Security and Managing Natural Resources in Southeast Asia - Challenges for the 21st Century - January 8-11, 2002 at Chiang Mai, Thailand A Review of Food Security

More information

AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION and RURAL DEVELOPMENT

AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION and RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION and RURAL DEVELOPMENT Status Quo Over 3 billion people lived in rural areas in 1997. This figure increased almost 3.3 billion by year 2010. People living in the countryside

More information

Photo Credit: Arthur Getz Escudero. CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization AN OVERVIEW

Photo Credit: Arthur Getz Escudero. CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization AN OVERVIEW Photo Credit: Arthur Getz Escudero CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization AN OVERVIEW Draft September 2014 CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization

More information

Commission on the Status of Women Fifty-fifth session 22 February - 4 March 2011

Commission on the Status of Women Fifty-fifth session 22 February - 4 March 2011 Commission on the Status of Women Fifty-fifth session 22 February - 4 March 2011 The empowerment of rural women and their role in poverty and hunger eradication, development and current challenges Moderator

More information

Agricultural Growth Is the Key to Poverty Alleviation in Low-Income Developing Countries

Agricultural Growth Is the Key to Poverty Alleviation in Low-Income Developing Countries International Food Policy Research Institute 2020 Brief 15, April 1995 Agricultural Growth Is the Key to Poverty Alleviation in Low-Income Developing Countries by Per Pinstrup-Andersen and Rajul Pandya-Lorch

More information

WORLD EMPLOYMENT SOCIAL OUTLOOK

WORLD EMPLOYMENT SOCIAL OUTLOOK EXECUTIVE SUMMARY WORLD EMPLOYMENT SOCIAL OUTLOOK 2016 Transforming jobs to end poverty Poverty has been reduced in the majority of countries over the past two decades Over the past two decades, significant

More information

AG R I C U LT U R E GREEN ECONOMY

AG R I C U LT U R E GREEN ECONOMY THIS IS THE STORY OF AG R I C U LT U R E GREEN ECONOMY We need to make the global economy green. provides significant opportunities for growth, investment and jobs to help make this happen. $ Everyone

More information

Population Growth and Economic Development. Copyright 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.

Population Growth and Economic Development. Copyright 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. Population Growth and Economic Development Copyright 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. 1 Some Facts About World Population Total world population: 6.1 billion at beginning of 21st century

More information

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Honduras

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Honduras IFAD/F. Mattioli Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Honduras Rural poverty in Honduras The Republic of Honduras is the second-poorest country in Central America. It is a lower middle-income

More information

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups:

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups: The agricultural statistics series will be based on the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that is located in the resource section and available from the Wikipedia web page (wiki.asfoc.ibge.gov.br).

More information

The role of Agricultural cooperatives in accessing input and output markets An overview of experiences of SRFCF, SNNPR, Ethiopia

The role of Agricultural cooperatives in accessing input and output markets An overview of experiences of SRFCF, SNNPR, Ethiopia The role of Agricultural cooperatives in accessing input and output markets An overview of experiences of SRFCF, SNNPR, Ethiopia By Yehulashet A.Argaw Managing director, Southern Region Farmers Cooperative

More information

Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers

Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers Agricultural biodiversity the variability of crops and their wild relatives, trees, animals, arthropods,

More information

Enabling the rural poor to overcome poverty in Haiti

Enabling the rural poor to overcome poverty in Haiti Enabling the rural poor to overcome poverty in Haiti Rural poverty in Haiti Food insecurity and hunger are chronic issues in Haiti, which is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and the second

More information

How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters

How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters POLICY NOTE How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters Adverse weather events cause

More information

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited 11 Africa Can Help Feed Africa Africa has considerable variation in its climatic conditions

More information

THE MASTERCARD FOUNDATION: RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL FINANCE STRATEGY

THE MASTERCARD FOUNDATION: RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL FINANCE STRATEGY THE MASTERCARD FOUNDATION: RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL FINANCE STRATEGY SEPTEMBER 2015 The MasterCard Foundation works with visionary organizations to provide greater access to education, skills training and

More information

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems The global research partnership to improve agricultural

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council United Nations Economic and Social Council ECE/TIM/2013/Inf.6 Distr.: General 8 October 2013 Food and Agriculture Organization Original: English Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Forests and

More information

the world s soil status resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS

the world s soil status resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS status of soil the world s resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS life depends on soils status of the soil world s resources The overwhelming conclusion of the first-ever comprehensive report

More information

Summary. Developing with Jobs

Summary. Developing with Jobs Do not publish or DiStribute before 00:01 Gmt on tuesday 27 may 2014 Summary Developing with Jobs World of Work Report 2014 Developing with jobs Executive Summary INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION RESEARCH

More information

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, POVERTY AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A CHALLENGE TO THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, POVERTY AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A CHALLENGE TO THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, POVERTY AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A CHALLENGE TO THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY 1. BACKGROUND The World Summit on Sustainable Development is an important occasion for the world community to assess

More information

BENCHMARKING THE BUSINESS OF SUSTAINABLE SMALLHOLDER FARMING

BENCHMARKING THE BUSINESS OF SUSTAINABLE SMALLHOLDER FARMING BENCHMARKING THE BUSINESS OF SUSTAINABLE SMALLHOLDER FARMING Introduction This is an updated advocacy briefing from the African Smallholder Farmers Group on the Benchmarking the Business of Agriculture

More information

Food Security in a Volatile World

Food Security in a Volatile World Issues in Brief Food Security in a Volatile World Developments in agriculture over the last fifty years have increased yields sufficiently to provide on average more than enough food for every person on

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

ICC 105 19 Rev. 1. 16 October 2012 Original: English. International Coffee Council 109 th Session 24 28 September 2012 London, United Kingdom

ICC 105 19 Rev. 1. 16 October 2012 Original: English. International Coffee Council 109 th Session 24 28 September 2012 London, United Kingdom ICC 105 19 Rev. 1 16 October 2012 Original: English E International Coffee Council 109 th Session 24 28 September 2012 London, United Kingdom Strategic action plan for the International Coffee Organization

More information

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Contribution to the 2014 United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Integration Segment Food security for sustainable development and urbanization:

More information

OUTCOME AND IMPACT LEVEL INDICATORS AGRICULTURE & RURAL DEVELOPMENT WORKING PAPER: OCTOBER 2009

OUTCOME AND IMPACT LEVEL INDICATORS AGRICULTURE & RURAL DEVELOPMENT WORKING PAPER: OCTOBER 2009 EC EXTERNAL SERVICES EVALUATION UNIT OUTCOME AND IMPACT LEVEL INDICATORS AGRICULTURE & RURAL DEVELOPMENT WORKING PAPER: OCTOBER 2009 This working paper outlines a set of indicators at the outcome and impact

More information

Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development

Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development 2015 GOVERNING COUNCIL Rural transformation: Key to sustainable development The global development context The year 2015 represents a critical juncture

More information

The role of consumer protection in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals

The role of consumer protection in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals The role of consumer protection in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals Consumer protection is an important means through which countries can support the implementation of many, if not all, of the

More information

HLPE report on Nutrition and Food Systems

HLPE report on Nutrition and Food Systems HLPE report on Nutrition and Food Systems e-consultation on an Issues Note proposed by the HLPE Steering Committee From 9 December 2015 to 15 February 2016 Short Summary by the HLPE Secretariat 1 There

More information

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga INTRODUCTION Climate change is a pertinent issue affecting the livelihoods and food security in both

More information

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE. Executive Summary

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE. Executive Summary CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE Sourcebook Executive Summary Why is climate-smart agriculture needed? Between now and 2050, the world s population will increase by one-third. Most of these additional 2 billion

More information

Imagining the future of Africa 2025

Imagining the future of Africa 2025 Imagining the future of Africa 2025 Introduction Africa is one of the most populous and largest continent in the world, second to Asia, with the population of about 1.1 billion as of 2013 and a total land

More information

Financing Smallholder Farmers. to Increase Incomes and Transform Lives in Rural Communities

Financing Smallholder Farmers. to Increase Incomes and Transform Lives in Rural Communities Financing Smallholder Farmers to Increase Incomes and Transform Lives in Rural Communities EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Africa is home to a quarter of the world s farmland, yet it generates only 10 percent of all

More information

Thomas Malthus and Population Growth

Thomas Malthus and Population Growth Thomas Malthus and Population Growth BACKGROUND Thomas Malthus was an English economist in the late 18th and early 19th century. In 1798, he published An Essay on the Principle of Population, in which

More information

G20 FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION FRAMEWORK

G20 FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION FRAMEWORK G20 FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION FRAMEWORK G20 Food Security a nd Nutrition Framework 2 G20 Food Security and Nutrition Framework INTRODUCTION Food security and nutrition requires an inclusive economic

More information

Rural and Agricultural Finance. Day 1: Block 1 What and Why of Rural Finance?

Rural and Agricultural Finance. Day 1: Block 1 What and Why of Rural Finance? Rural and Agricultural Finance Day 1: Block 1 What and Why of Rural Finance? Self Introduction 7 Questions 1. Name, institution, and current job title. 2. What activity are you working on now that is related

More information

MUNA Forum: General Assembly 4 Food security and sustainable development in Africa Student Officer: Bob Ilijašević and Julian Geraedts

MUNA Forum: General Assembly 4 Food security and sustainable development in Africa Student Officer: Bob Ilijašević and Julian Geraedts Forum: General Assembly 4 Issue: Food security and sustainable development in Africa Student Officer: Bob Ilijašević and Julian Geraedts Introduction Besides air, food and clean drinking water are the

More information

List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030

List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030 List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere 2. End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable

More information

FEED THE FUTURE LEARNING AGENDA

FEED THE FUTURE LEARNING AGENDA FEED THE FUTURE LEARNING AGENDA OBJECTIVE OF THE LEARNING AGENDA USAID s Bureau of Food Security will develop Feed the Future s (FTF) Learning Agenda, which includes key evaluation questions related to

More information

Empowering Young Africans to Live their Dreams

Empowering Young Africans to Live their Dreams TICAD High Level Panel Discussion Youth and Employment in Africa: the Way Forward Empowering Young Africans to Live their Dreams Joint Recommendations of JICA, the World Bank, and the African Development

More information

Perspective in Agriculture and Rural Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

Perspective in Agriculture and Rural Development in Latin America and the Caribbean Perspective in Agriculture and Rural Development in Latin America and the Caribbean February 2012 Víctor M. Villalobos Director General Slide 1 HEMISFERIC AGRICULTURE PERSPECTIVE Ladies and Gentlemen:

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council UNITED NATIONS E Economic and Social Council Distr. GENERAL E/C.12/2001/10 10 May 2001 Original: ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS Twenty-fifth session Geneva, 23 April-11 May 2001

More information

FAO and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals

FAO and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals FAO and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals FAO/Asselin Key FAO messages: The Sustainable Development Goals offer a vision of a fairer, more prosperous, peaceful and sustainable world in which no one

More information

Emmanuel Tumusiime-Mutebile: The challenge of modernising smallholder agriculture in East Africa

Emmanuel Tumusiime-Mutebile: The challenge of modernising smallholder agriculture in East Africa Emmanuel Tumusiime-Mutebile: The challenge of modernising smallholder agriculture in East Africa Keynote address by Mr Emmanuel Tumusiime-Mutebile, Governor of the Bank of Uganda, at the International

More information

ORLD MPLOYMENT OCIAL UTLOOK

ORLD MPLOYMENT OCIAL UTLOOK SUMMARY ORLD MPLOYMENT OCIAL UTLOOK The changing nature of jobs 215 world employment and social outlook The changing nature of jobs executive summary The world of work is changing profoundly, at a time

More information

Open Meeting of the Club of Bologna Farm Machinery to Feed the World. 21 September 2015 Teatro della Terra, Biodiversity Park, EXPO Milano 2015

Open Meeting of the Club of Bologna Farm Machinery to Feed the World. 21 September 2015 Teatro della Terra, Biodiversity Park, EXPO Milano 2015 Open Meeting of the Club of Bologna 21 September 2015 Teatro della Terra, Biodiversity Park, EXPO Milano 2015 Farm of the Future Giuseppe Gavioli giuseppe.gavioli@gmail.com Challenges Child and maternal

More information

People s Action To End Poverty

People s Action To End Poverty People s Action To End Poverty Introducing ActionAid s Strategy 2012-2017 Moving on from just fighting against poverty to working for long lasting solutions to poverty, advancing alternatives together

More information

A diversified approach to fighting food insecurity and rural poverty in Malawi

A diversified approach to fighting food insecurity and rural poverty in Malawi case study A diversified approach to fighting food insecurity and rural poverty in Malawi Map of Malawi Malawi: Facts and Figures Ø Population: 13.1 million Ø Human development index ranking: 164 out of

More information

Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki

Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki Global Perspective to Food and Climate The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen 28.10.2011, Viikki Contents: 1. What is food security? 2. The present global food security situation 3. The impact of

More information

Food Security and the Role of Agricultural Research

Food Security and the Role of Agricultural Research Food Security and the Role of Agricultural Research TIMOTHY REEVES Director General, CIMMYT, Mexico City, Mexico PER PINSTRUP-ANDERSEN Director General, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington,

More information

Social protection, agriculture and the PtoP project

Social protection, agriculture and the PtoP project Social protection, agriculture and the PtoP project Benjamin Davis Workshop on the Protection to Production project September 24-25, 2013 Rome What do we mean by social protection and agriculture? Small

More information

THE ROLE OF VET IN FACILITATING DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN TANZANIA

THE ROLE OF VET IN FACILITATING DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN TANZANIA THE ROLE OF VET IN FACILITATING DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN TANZANIA Abstract Agriculture industry is the foundation of Tanzanian economy. It accounts for about half of the national income, three

More information

eagriculture: Using Technology to Empower Farming Communities

eagriculture: Using Technology to Empower Farming Communities Intel case study Intel World Ahead Program eagriculture: Using Technology to Empower Farming Communities Innovative project creates sustainable agricultural ecosystems in rural India Introduction As global

More information

Humans and Aquaponics. A human crisis of unpredicted proportions is in the making. In fact, with more than

Humans and Aquaponics. A human crisis of unpredicted proportions is in the making. In fact, with more than Humans and Aquaponics A human crisis of unpredicted proportions is in the making. In fact, with more than 100,000 people being born every day, population levels only continue to increase, not staying at

More information

CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011

CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011 CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011 Ministry of Environment Cambodia CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE CAMBODIA HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011 Ministry of Environment Cambodia

More information

Impacts of foreign agricultural investments in developing countries & PRINCIPLES FOR RESPONSIBLE AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT

Impacts of foreign agricultural investments in developing countries & PRINCIPLES FOR RESPONSIBLE AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT Food Security and Hunger in the Post-2015 Development Agenda Prague 24 June 2 0 1 3 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Impacts of foreign agricultural investments in developing countries

More information

IFAD s purpose. Where we work 1. How we work

IFAD s purpose. Where we work 1. How we work IFAD at a glance IFAD s purpose The goal of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is to enable poor rural people to improve their food and nutrition security, increase their incomes

More information

DEM-INTER RUSSIA Presentation August 2009

DEM-INTER RUSSIA Presentation August 2009 Professional Farmers According to the World Bank, the really poor get three times as much extra income from an increase in farm productivity as from the same gain in industry or services DEM-INTER RUSSIA

More information

Developing Resilient Farming Systems in Northern Ghana. Stephen NUTSUGAH CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute

Developing Resilient Farming Systems in Northern Ghana. Stephen NUTSUGAH CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute Developing Resilient Farming Systems in Northern Ghana Stephen NUTSUGAH CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute Brief about CSIR-SARI and Research Strategy SARI conducts research into food and fibre

More information

The seven pillars of sustainable, small-scale farming and food sovereignty in the Global North and South

The seven pillars of sustainable, small-scale farming and food sovereignty in the Global North and South The seven pillars of sustainable, small-scale farming and food sovereignty in the Global North and South A position paper of the Working Group on Agriculture and Food (WG A&F) of the German NGO Forum on

More information

Sustainable development, defined

Sustainable development, defined 12 Climate change impacts, adaptation and links to sustainable development in Africa B. Osman-Elasha Strategies for sustainable development and climate change adaptation have many common elements, so addressing

More information

G20 Agriculture Ministers Meeting Communiqué

G20 Agriculture Ministers Meeting Communiqué G20 Agriculture Ministers Meeting Communiqué Xi an, 3 June 2016 1. We, the G20 Agriculture Ministers, met today in Xi an to discuss how G20 members can promote food security, nutrition, sustainable agricultural

More information

KEYNOTE SPEECH MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

KEYNOTE SPEECH MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA KEYNOTE SPEECH MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA At FAO IAEA s Second Research Coordination Meeting (RCM) on Integrated Utilization of Cereal Mutant Varieties in Crop/Livestock Systems

More information

Cameroon CFSVA April/May 2011. Cameroon Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis. April/May 2011. Page 1

Cameroon CFSVA April/May 2011. Cameroon Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis. April/May 2011. Page 1 Cameroon CFSVA April/May 2011 Cameroon Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis April/May 2011 Page 1 Cameroon CFSVA April/May 2011 Photo: Jane Howard Food insecurity high despite great agricultural

More information

Mobile Money: A Foundation for Food Security

Mobile Money: A Foundation for Food Security Mobile Money: A Foundation for Food Security Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and

More information

Intervention on behalf of Denmark, Norway and Ireland on the occasion of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals meeting on

Intervention on behalf of Denmark, Norway and Ireland on the occasion of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals meeting on Intervention on behalf of Denmark, Norway and Ireland on the occasion of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals meeting on Sustainable Consumption and Production, including Chemicals and

More information

An update to the World Bank s estimates of consumption poverty in the developing world *

An update to the World Bank s estimates of consumption poverty in the developing world * An update to the World Bank s estimates of consumption poverty in the developing world * The World Bank has been regularly monitoring the progress of developing countries against absolute poverty. Drawing

More information

Education is the key to lasting development

Education is the key to lasting development Education is the key to lasting development As world leaders prepare to meet in New York later this month to discuss progress on the Millennium Development Goals, UNESCO s Education for All Global Monitoring

More information

Climate-Smart Agriculture - Science for Action 24-26 October 2011 - Ede / Wageningen - The Netherlands

Climate-Smart Agriculture - Science for Action 24-26 October 2011 - Ede / Wageningen - The Netherlands The Wageningen Statement: Climate-Smart Agriculture - Science for Action 24-26 October 2011 - Ede / Wageningen - The Netherlands The Wageningen Statement: Climate-Smart Agriculture Science for Action The

More information

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Lesotho

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Lesotho Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Lesotho Rural poverty in Lesotho Poverty in Lesotho is deeply entrenched in rural areas, where about 70 per cent of the people live. More than half of

More information

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for Responsible Agricultural Investments (RAI)

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for Responsible Agricultural Investments (RAI) Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for Responsible Agricultural Investments (RAI) Background note for consultation meeting - Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 9 10 October 2012 Francesca Dalla Valle For info

More information

Millennium Development Goal 3

Millennium Development Goal 3 Millennium Development Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower women UNIDO s Contribution: Women Economic Empowerment UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION UNIDO s Contribution: Women Economic

More information

Food Security Challenges Faced by Developing Asian Countries and Responses toward 2025: The Case of Indonesia

Food Security Challenges Faced by Developing Asian Countries and Responses toward 2025: The Case of Indonesia Food Security Challenges Faced by Developing Asian Countries and Responses toward 2025: The Case of Indonesia Achmad Suryana *) Presented at International Conference on Asian Food Security (ICAFS) Singapore,

More information

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report WWDR4 Background Information Brief Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report As demand for water

More information

Global Stratification

Global Stratification Global Stratification Patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole Changing Terminology Old terminology First world Industrial rich countries Second world Less industrial socialist countries Third

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE, WOMEN AND GENDER EQUALITY Prativa Karki Kathmandu, Nepal

CLIMATE CHANGE, WOMEN AND GENDER EQUALITY Prativa Karki Kathmandu, Nepal CLIMATE CHANGE, WOMEN AND GENDER EQUALITY Prativa Karki Kathmandu, Nepal Abstract This essay is organized in four distinct parts. The first part of the essay gives a description of the relationship between

More information

African Research Review Vol. 2 (1)

African Research Review Vol. 2 (1) Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Development through Agricultural Education. Ibrahim Hamza Alhaji Abstract The goal 1 of the Millennium Development

More information

What s wrong with GM?

What s wrong with GM? CIIR environmental action leaflet What s wrong with GM? Why genetically modified crops are bad for people and bad for the environment Why should we care? Genetic engineering of crops is a complex and controversial

More information

The Position of Agriculture in Developing Countries' Economy and Society and the Role of Investments. Lubos Smutka, Ph.D.

The Position of Agriculture in Developing Countries' Economy and Society and the Role of Investments. Lubos Smutka, Ph.D. The Position of Agriculture in Developing Countries' Economy and Society and the Role of Investments Lubos Smutka, Ph.D. CULS in Prague Agriculture is the mother of all arts. When it is well conducted,

More information

GROUP FORMATION PROCESS FORMING AND EMPOWERING IFAD TARGET GROUPS

GROUP FORMATION PROCESS FORMING AND EMPOWERING IFAD TARGET GROUPS GROUP FORMATION PROCESS FORMING AND EMPOWERING IFAD TARGET GROUPS IFAD Cambodia Country Programme: Lessons Learned and Emerging Best Practices Year 2010 GROUP FORMATION PROCESS IFAD in Cambodia Since 1996,

More information

TARGET ZERO NET CARBON

TARGET ZERO NET CARBON CLIMATE POLICY TARGET ZERO NET CARBON THROUGH SOLUTIONS CO-CREATED WITH DANONE S ECOSYSTEM CONTEXT & CHALLENGES TODAY, OUR WORLD IS FACING HUGE FOOD- RELATED CHALLENGES. At Danone, our business is food

More information

Global Urbanization: Trends, Patterns, Determinants, and Impacts. Abdullah Baqui, DrPH, MPH, MBBS Johns Hopkins University

Global Urbanization: Trends, Patterns, Determinants, and Impacts. Abdullah Baqui, DrPH, MPH, MBBS Johns Hopkins University This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this

More information

Labour Migration and Development. Setting a course for the future

Labour Migration and Development. Setting a course for the future Labour Migration and Development Setting a course for the future Decent work for migrant workers... Demographic trends, economic inequalities and the quest for decent work, combined with vulnerability

More information

2 WATER FOR FOOD SECURITY VI World water forum

2 WATER FOR FOOD SECURITY VI World water forum 2 WATER FOR FOOD SECURITY WATER FOR FOOD SECURITY 3 CONTENT I SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION 4 SECTION 2 BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE OF TARGET 5 SECTION 3 TARGETS AND TARGET ACTION PLAN 9 SECTION 4 SOLUTIONS SECTION

More information

United Nations Programme on Youth. Interagency Expert Group Meeting on. Goals and Targets for Monitoring the Progress of Youth in the Global Economy

United Nations Programme on Youth. Interagency Expert Group Meeting on. Goals and Targets for Monitoring the Progress of Youth in the Global Economy BACKGROUND PAPER United Nations Programme on Youth Interagency Expert Group Meeting on Goals and Targets for Monitoring the Progress of Youth in the Global Economy New York, 30-31 May 2007 INTRODUCTION

More information

Over-Arching Tenets. Inclusion. Return on Investment Regional Harmonization Agnosticism. End to End Value Chain Enablement

Over-Arching Tenets. Inclusion. Return on Investment Regional Harmonization Agnosticism. End to End Value Chain Enablement ICTs in Agriculture Agenda The Global State of Food and Agriculture Current State and Issues in the Region The Value-of ICTs Case Snapshots The Opportunities, Benefits and Recommendations The Way Forward

More information

LOAN ANALYSIS. 1 This is drawn from the FAO-GTZ Aglend Toolkits 1 5 for the training purpose.

LOAN ANALYSIS. 1 This is drawn from the FAO-GTZ Aglend Toolkits 1 5 for the training purpose. LOAN ANALYSIS AGLEND1 is a financial institution that was founded in the early nineties as a microcredit NGO. In the beginning, its target clientele were micro- and small entrepreneurs in the urban area.

More information

Seeing the Forest for the Trees Making the Most of Synergies to Achieve SDGs in a Constrained Environment By Mahmoud Mohieldin and Paula Caballero

Seeing the Forest for the Trees Making the Most of Synergies to Achieve SDGs in a Constrained Environment By Mahmoud Mohieldin and Paula Caballero Goal 15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss Seeing

More information