Pronouns. This, these That, those INDEFINITE

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2 PERSONAL Pronouns DEMONSTRATIVE RELATIVE I, me, my You, your He, him, his She, her, her It, its We, us, our They, them, their INTERROGATIVE What Which Who, whom Whose INTERROGATIVE It There This, these That, those INDEFINITE All Another Any, anybody, anything Both Each, either Every, everybody, everyone, everything Few, many, most, much Neither None No one, nobody Some, somebody, someone, something Such That What, whatever Which, whichever Who, whoever, whom, whomever Whose REFLEXIVE Myself Yourself, yourselves Himself, herself Itself Ourselves, themselves

3 Pronoun vs. Antecedent

4 Why do we have them? The train was late, the train had been delayed. (Sounds terrible, doesn t it?)

5 Why do we have them? The train was late and it had been delayed. (Much better!)

6 Why do we have them? The train was late and it had been delayed. This is called the noun.

7 Why do we have them? The train was late and it had been delayed. This is called the pronoun.

8 Why do we have them? The train was late and it had been delayed. This is also called the antecedent of the pronoun.

9 When Big Dog snuck under the fence, he ran to the dumpster.

10 When Big Dog snuck under the fence, he ran to the dumpster. pronoun

11 When Big Dog snuck under the fence, he ran to the dumpster. antecedent pronoun

12 Find the pronoun and it s antecedent for the following sentences: 1. Everyone needs to take their dog to the vet regularly. 2. President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address in Jayden grabbed his toy to take on the airplane.

13 Find the pronoun and it s antecedent for the following sentences: 1. Everyone needs to take their dog to the vet regularly. 2. President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address in Jayden grabbed his toy to take on the airplane.

14 The second most common mistake made in writing occurs when pronouns do not agree with the number of nouns they are supposed to reflect. Incorrect: Each student must bring their own lunch. Correct: Each student must bring his or her own lunch.

15 Make sure the pronoun fits the antecedent One of the students must give their oral report tomorrow. Do you notice what s wrong?

16 Make sure the pronoun fits the antecedent One of the students must give their oral report tomorrow. Do you notice what s wrong?

17 Make sure the pronoun fits the antecedent One of the students must give their oral report tomorrow. singular plural

18 Make sure the pronoun fits the antecedent One of the students must give his oral report tomorrow. Either choose a gender

19 Make sure the pronoun fits the antecedent One of the students must give his or her oral report tomorrow. or choose both

20 More practice 1. He or she who laughs loudest around the watercooler may not be who they say they are. 2. Do your child a favor; teach them grammar. 3. Our society has gotten to the point where each person does what s right in their own eyes. 4. A motorcyclist has the right to decide if they want to wear a helmet.

21 More practice 1. He or she who laughs loudest around the watercooler may not be who they his or her say they are. 2. Do your child a favor; teach them him grammar. 3. Our society has gotten to the point where each person does what s right in their her own eyes. 4. A motorcyclist has the right to decide if they he want to wear a helmet.

22 Can you believe Fortune 500 Companies have made simple grammatical mistakes? Can you find them? 1. British Airways is encouraging any passenger who can say that their business class isn t the most comfortable in the air to write and tell them why. 2. If the government thinks it has a role in health reform, we ve got a message for them. 3. Anyone who thinks a Yonex Racquet has improved their game, please raise your hand. 4. Give someone a bottle of Irish Mist and you give them hills that roll forever

23 Can you believe Fortune 500 Companies have made simple grammatical mistakes? Can you find them? 1. British Airways is encouraging any passenger who can say that their its business class isn t the most comfortable in the air to write and tell them why. 2. If the government thinks it has a role in health reform, we ve got a message for them the government officials. 3. Anyone who thinks a Yonex Racquet has improved their his or her game, please raise your hand. 4. Give someone a bottle of Irish Mist and you give them him hills that roll forever

24 Pronoun-Antecedent Quiz 1. The cat has own basket. 2. Dawn or Sue will give you notes. 3. Each player has own uniform. 4. A student should keep password a secret. 5. Students have own lockers. 6. Personal computers are in the process of expanding capabilities. 7. Anyone who has probably corresponds with friends often. 8. Both Marissa and Tashina check mailboxes everyday. 9. One feature of an program is ability to store messages. 10. Each person with an account usually has messages waiting for.

25 Pronoun-Antecedent Test 1. The cat has his/her/its own basket. 2. Dawn or Sue will give you her notes. 3. Each player has his/her own uniform. 4. A student should keep his/her password a secret. 5. Students have their own lockers. 6. Personal computers are in the process of expanding its capabilities. 7. Anyone who has probably corresponds with his/her friends often. 8. Both Marissa and Tashina check their mailboxes everyday. 9. One feature of an program is its ability to store messages. 10. Each person with an account usually has messages waiting for him/her.

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