DYSPEPSIA, HEARTBURN AND ULCERS

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "DYSPEPSIA, HEARTBURN AND ULCERS"

Transcription

1 DYSPEPSIA, HEARTBURN AND ULCERS What is Dyspepsia? Dyspepsia can be translated as bad digestion and is commonly called indigestion. It is a term that is often used by doctors to describe a set of symptoms. These symptoms are believed to have their cause somewhere in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract. The upper gastrointestinal tract includes the tube from the mouth to the stomach (the esophagus) as well as the stomach and its outlet called the duodenum. Dyspepsia affects about 30% of Albertans and is responsible for many doctor visits. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW The main symptom of dyspepsia is pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen that comes and goes. Other symptoms can include nausea, bloating (often relieved by belching), feeling full quickly while eating, inability to finish a normal meal and heartburn. These symptoms are often changed by eating or having an empty stomach. If you have ongoing discomfort you should see your doctor, especially if your symptoms are getting worse, or if you have vomiting, weight loss or bleeding. Administered by the Alberta Medical Association 2

2 What is Heartburn? Heartburn is an uncomfortable, burning feeling that rises from the front of the lower chest up towards the throat. It is often accompanied by a bitter or sour taste of food in the throat or mouth. Don t worry, it does not affect your heart, but it is important to be certain your discomfort is not coming from your heart. Heartburn usually happens after eating a big meal or when lying down and it can last from a few minutes to a couple of hours. What Causes Heartburn? When you eat, food passes from your mouth to the stomach by way of a tube called the esophagus. Between the stomach and the esophagus there is an muscle that closes the opening from the esophagus to the stomach as soon as the food has passed through. This muscle is called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). If this opening doesn t close, acid in the stomach can move backward up into the esophagus and cause a burning sensation. This is called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or reflux, for short. Will Antacids Help With Heartburn? Most people get fast relief from antacids. Take a dose of antacid about an hour after meals and at bedtime. You may want to discuss the timing and side-effects of antacids with your pharmacist or doctor. What if Antacids orlifestyle Changes Don t Help? If you have tried the suggestions in the Table 1 and you are still experiencing regular heartburn, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may put you on medications for a few weeks or may order tests such as X-rays of the esophagus or endoscopy which uses a flexible tube to directly examine your esophagus and stomach. Table 1 What Can I do to Prevent Heartburn? Raise the head of your bed by placing blocks under the legs at the head of the bed blocks should be about 10 to 15 cm or 4 to 6 inches high) Try not eating within an hour or two of going to bed If you like to nap after a meal, try to nap sitting in a chair If you are overweight, talk to your doctor about a weight loss program Try not to overeat Eat less fats Try to avoid foods that give you heartburn Try to avoid caffeine and alcohol Avoid clothes that are extremely tight around your abdomen Avoid stress If you are a smoker, talk to you doctor about quitting See Your Doctor if You Have Heartburn With Other Symptoms Such as: Trouble swallowing or pain when swallowing Vomiting Black or bloody stools or vomit Shortness of breath, dizziness, or lightheadedness Pain going into your neck, jaw, shoulder or arm Breaking out in a sweat when you have the pain Heartburn often (more than 3 times per week) for over 2 weeks 3 4

3 What is an Ulcer? An ulcer is a sore or break in the lining of the digestive tract. Most ulcers are found in the duodenum (duodenal ulcer) but can also form in the stomach (these are called gastric ulcers). Peptic ulcer means that the damaging effects of the digestive juices contributed to the ulcer. Most ulcers are caused by infection with bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). This infection weakens the lining and may allow an ulcer to form. Ulcers not caused by this bacteria are usually caused by ASA or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). What are the Symptoms of an Ulcer? The most common symptom of an ulcer is a burning pain in the upper abdomen (anywhere from your navel to your breastbone) that often comes on between meals or in the early hours of the morning. The pain may last from a few minutes to a few hours. Food or antacids often help to make the discomfort feel better. Less common ulcer symptoms include: nausea or vomiting loss of appetite weight loss How is an Ulcer Diagnosed? Your doctor will take a history and possibly X-ray of the esophagus or endoscopy which uses a flexible tube to directly examine your esophagus and stomach. If an ulcer is diagnosed, either a blood, breath, or tissue test may be done to confirm if H. pylori is the cause. How is H. pylori Treated? If H. pylori is diagnosed, the most effective treatment is a combination of one or more antibiotics and drugs that stop acid production. This is usually called Triple Therapy. In most cases, this treatment (if taken according to the directions) will completely heal the ulcer and get rid of the bacteria. It is important to note that some patients suffer side-effects from the treatment (such as: vaginal yeast infections, diarrhea, stomach upset, nausea, bad taste in mouth, and dizziness). If side-effects occur, please talk to your doctor. You vomit blood See Your Doctor IMMEDIATELY if: Antibiotic presciptions should be taken until complete to discourage the growth of more resistant bacteria (superbugs) that may make it more difficult to treat other infections later Antibiotics should only be used by the person for whom they are prescribed. DO NOT share! You have black or bloody stools You have severe abdominal pain 5 6

4 Should H. pylori be Treated Even if I Don t Have an Ulcer Yet? There is no reason at the present time to consider antibiotic treatment in people without ulcer symptoms. Glossary Abdomen: The large cavity between the chest and pelvis containing the stomach, small intestines, colon (large bowel), liver, gall bladder, and spleen. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA): Medication that provides relief from pain. The most common ASA is Aspirin. Acid indigestion: Dyspepsia symptoms are relieved by antacid medications. Antacids: Medications that neutralize stomch acid. They can relieve the pain caused by ulcers but do not keep an ulcer from coming back. Antibiotics: Medication that kill micro-organisms. Antibiotics DO NOT harm viruses. Biopsy: Tissue sample. Blood test (serology): A quick and easy way to check if your body has produced H. pylori antibodies to try and fight the bacteria. This test is not as reliable as other tests for H. pylori. Duodenum: First part of the small intestine. Duodenal ulcer: Ulcer located in the duodenum. Dyspepsia: Indigestion. Endoscopy: A thin flexible lighted tube attached to a camera is eased down the throat to view and photograph internal tissue (you may be slightly sedated and your throat may be numbed with topical anesthetic). This is a very safe procedure. Esophagus: Tube connecting mouth and stomach. Gastric ulcer: Ulcers located in the stomach. Gastrointestinal (GI) tract: Digestive system. Includes the mouth, esophagus (food pipe), stomach, small bowel, large bowel, and anus. Gastroesphageal reflux disease (GERD): Acid in the stomach moves backward up into the esophagus and causes burning. Heartburn: Burning sensation behind the breastbone, caused by reflux. H 2 blockers: These medications reduce the amount of acid produced by the stomach and help to eliminate ulcer pain. When treating H. pylori, these medications are used in combination with antibiotics. H. pylori: A comnmon gastrointestinal infection caused by a bacteria that can survive and multiply in the stomach. Indigestion: A term used to indicate any disruption in the digestive process. Lower esophageal sphincter (LES): Muscle that closes the esophagus at the stomach opening to prevent the return of food and juices from the stomach into the esophagus. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): Medications that control inflammation other than that caused by infection. Usually used to treat conditions of the joints and muscles and pain such as menstrual cramps or headache. Non-ulcer dyspepsia: A term to describe the common problem of upper abdominal pain or discomfort when all tests are normal or negative. Peptic ulcer: A sore or actual break in the lining of the stomach or duodenum. Proton pump inhibitors: Medication that stops the pumping of acid into the stomach. Prokinetic Drugs: Medications that increase the rate at which the stomach empties; with less stomach content there is less tendency for reflux. Reflux: Regurgitation. Regurgitation: The backward flow of gas, gastric juice, or small amounts of food from the stomach to the mouth. 7 8

5 Stomach: The large, J shaped sac that is found between the esophagus and the small intestine. Stomach ulcer: Gastric ulcer. Tissue test: Performed on the tissue from the biopsy to see if H. pylori is present. Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract: Esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) series: A series of X-rays of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Drinking a chalky liquid (barium) allows these tissues to show up on an X-ray. Urea breath test (UBT): The test measures carbon monoxide in exhaled breath. The test involves: a) fasting (not eating) for 4 hours; b) breathing into a tube (supplied by the lab); c) drinking a solution; and d) after 30 minutes a second breath sample is taken. This is the most accurate and simple test to detect the presence of H. pylori bacteria. Where Can I Get More Information? See your doctor After reading this brochure, there may be other questions you wish to ask. It may be helpful to write down questions you have or points that you would like to discuss with your doctor This information guide was prepared by the Dyspepsia Working Group of the TOP Program to assist you with decisions about dyspepsia, heartburn and ulcers. The Alberta CPG Working Group for Dyspepsia is a multidisciplinary team composed of family physicians, general practitioners, gastroenterologists, pediatric gastroenterologists, a pathologist, radiologist, radiation oncologist, an infectious disease specialist, and representatives from the public and the Alberta Pharmaceutical Association. A version of this brochure is available on the TOP web site:

Peptic Ulcer. Anatomy The stomach is a hollow organ. It is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs.

Peptic Ulcer. Anatomy The stomach is a hollow organ. It is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. Peptic Ulcer Introduction A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or duodenum. The duodenum is the first part of your small intestine. Peptic ulcers may also develop in the esophagus. Nearly

More information

Dyspepsia: Management of dyspepsia in adults in primary care

Dyspepsia: Management of dyspepsia in adults in primary care Dyspepsia: Management of dyspepsia in adults in primary care Information for the public Draft for consultation, February, 2004 If you wish to comment on the recommendations, please make your comments on

More information

H. Pylori and peptic ulcers

H. Pylori and peptic ulcers H. Pylori and peptic ulcers H. pylori bacteria can cause peptic ulcers sores on the lining of the stomach or duodenum. A peptic ulcer is a sore on the lining of the stomach or duodenum, the beginning of

More information

1101 First Colonial Road, Suite 300, Virginia Beach, VA Phone (757) Fax (757)

1101 First Colonial Road, Suite 300, Virginia Beach, VA Phone (757) Fax (757) 1101 First Colonial Road, Suite 300, Virginia Beach, VA 23454 www.vbgastro.com Phone (757) 481-4817 Fax (757) 481-7138 1150 Glen Mitchell Drive, Suite 208 Virginia Beach, VA 23456 www.vbgastro.com Phone

More information

What Is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)?

What Is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)? GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) What Is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)? Gastroesophageal reflux, or just reflux, happens when what is inside your stomach stomach acid, food or other contents

More information

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD)

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) American College of Gastroenterology Digestive Disease Specialists Committed to Quality in Patient Care Common Gastrointestinal Problems A Consumer Health Guide GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) What

More information

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD)

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) American College of Gastroenterology Digestive Disease Specialists Committed to Quality in Patient Care Common Gastrointestinal Problems A Consumer Health Guide GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) What

More information

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD)

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) American College of Gastroenterology Digestive Disease Specialists Committed to Quality in Patient Care Common Gastrointestinal Problems A Consumer Health Guide GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) What

More information

Scleroderma Education Program. Chapter 4. Gastrointestinal Tract

Scleroderma Education Program. Chapter 4. Gastrointestinal Tract Scleroderma Education Program Chapter 4 Gastrointestinal Tract Chapter 4-1 Chapter Highlights 1. Learn about how the GI tract works. 2. What happens when things go wrong? -Appetite loss -Difficulty chewing

More information

understanding GI bleeding

understanding GI bleeding understanding GI bleeding a consumer education brochure American College of Gastroenterology 4900B South 31st Street, Arlington, VA 22206 703-820-7400 www.acg.gi.org American College of Gastroenterology

More information

NSAIDs and Peptic Ulcers

NSAIDs and Peptic Ulcers NSAIDs and Peptic Ulcers National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is a peptic ulcer? A peptic ulcer is a sore

More information

Understanding heartburn and reflux.

Understanding heartburn and reflux. Understanding heartburn and reflux. What is Heartburn? Heartburn, also called reflux, is a burning sensation occurring in the chest, often starting low down and moving upwards. It is sometimes accompanied

More information

Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery Patient Information from SAGES

Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Laparoscopic Anti-Reflux (GERD) Surgery Patient Information from SAGES Surgery for "Heartburn" If you suffer from moderate to severe "heartburn" your surgeon may have recommended Laparoscopic Antireflux

More information

What is an Upper GI Endoscopy?

What is an Upper GI Endoscopy? What is an Upper GI Endoscopy? An upper GI endoscopy is a test your doctor does to see inside part of your digestive system. Your doctor will look at the inside of your esophagus (the tube that links your

More information

What are peptic ulcers?

What are peptic ulcers? Information about Peptic ulcers www.corecharity.org.uk What are the symptoms? What are the causes? What are peptic ulcers? When should I consult a doctor? What will the doctor do? How should I treat peptic

More information

What is Helicobacter pylori? The Life Cycle (Pathogenesis) of Helicobacter pylori

What is Helicobacter pylori? The Life Cycle (Pathogenesis) of Helicobacter pylori Helicobacter pylori Source: http://www.medicaltribune.net/put/default.htm Source: http://www.shef.ac.uk/mbb/academic/staff/djk010.gif What is Helicobacter pylori? Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are a

More information

Medical Nutrition Therapy for Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders. By: Jalal Hejazi PhD, MSc.

Medical Nutrition Therapy for Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders. By: Jalal Hejazi PhD, MSc. Medical Nutrition Therapy for Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders By: Jalal Hejazi PhD, MSc. Digestive Disorders Common problem; more than 50 million outpatient visits per year Dietary habits and nutrition

More information

Barrett s Esophagus. Normal function of the esophagus

Barrett s Esophagus. Normal function of the esophagus Barrett s Esophagus Barrett s esophagus is a condition in which the esophagus, the muscular tube that carries food and saliva from the mouth to the stomach, changes so that some of its lining is replaced

More information

Problems of the Digestive System

Problems of the Digestive System The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists f AQ FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FAQ120 WOMEN S HEALTH Problems of the Digestive System What are some common digestive problems? What is constipation?

More information

Bleeding in the Digestive Tract

Bleeding in the Digestive Tract Bleeding in the Digestive Tract Bleeding in the digestive tract is a symptom of a disease rather than a disease itself. Bleeding can occur as the result of a number of different conditions, some of which

More information

hat can I eat? Peptic ulcers What are peptic ulcers? hat tests are needed? ill the ulcer come back? hat causes a peptic ulcer?

hat can I eat? Peptic ulcers What are peptic ulcers? hat tests are needed? ill the ulcer come back? hat causes a peptic ulcer? In association with: Primary Care Society for Gastroenterology INFORMATION ABOUT Peptic ulcers What are peptic ulcers? hat causes a peptic ulcer? How are NSAIDs and aspirin involved? ow do I know if I

More information

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse Gastritis National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is gastritis? Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach

More information

Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Gastrointestinal Bleeding Gastrointestinal Bleeding Introduction Gastrointestinal bleeding is a symptom of many diseases rather than a disease itself. A number of different conditions can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. Some causes

More information

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD)

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a clinical scenario where the gastric or duodenal contents reflux back up into the esophagus. Reflux esophagitis, however, is a

More information

Having a gastroscopy examination of the oesophagus, stomach and small intestine

Having a gastroscopy examination of the oesophagus, stomach and small intestine Having a gastroscopy examination of the oesophagus, stomach and small intestine This leaflet explains more about having a gastroscopy, including the benefits, risks and any alternatives and what you can

More information

What can I eat? Peptic ulcers. What are peptic ulcers? What tests are needed? Will the ulcer come back? What causes a peptic ulcer?

What can I eat? Peptic ulcers. What are peptic ulcers? What tests are needed? Will the ulcer come back? What causes a peptic ulcer? In association with: INFORMATION ABOUT Peptic ulcers www.corecharity.org.uk What are peptic ulcers? What causes a peptic ulcer? How are NSAIDs and aspirin involved? How do I know if I ve got an ulcer?

More information

Peptic Ulcer Disease and H. pylori

Peptic Ulcer Disease and H. pylori Peptic Ulcer Disease and H. pylori National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse What is a peptic ulcer? A peptic ulcer is a sore on the inner lining of the stomach or duodenum the first part of

More information

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy PROCEDURAL CONSENT FORM. A. Interpreter / cultural needs. B. Condition and treatment

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy PROCEDURAL CONSENT FORM. A. Interpreter / cultural needs. B. Condition and treatment DO NOT WRITE IN THIS BINDING MARGIN v8.00-02/2011 Facility: Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy A. Interpreter / cultural needs An Interpreter Service is required? Yes No If Yes, is a qualified Interpreter

More information

The most common symptom is a burning sensation in the chest and/or throat. Some people may also experience a sour or acidic taste in their mouth.

The most common symptom is a burning sensation in the chest and/or throat. Some people may also experience a sour or acidic taste in their mouth. Everything You Need to Know About Acid Reflux Symptoms of GERD (acid reflux) You may have all symptoms of GERD or Just a few. GERD symptoms can vary from person to person. Some people may experience all

More information

Upper Gastrointestinal Tract KNH 406

Upper Gastrointestinal Tract KNH 406 Upper Gastrointestinal Tract KNH 406 Upper GI A&P GI tract long tube ~ 15 ft. Upper GI mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach Accessory organs pancreas, biliary system, liver Four basic functions: motility,

More information

Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleed

Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleed ilearning about your health Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleed Your Care in the Hospital and at Home www.cpmc.org/learning Welcome to California Pacific Medical Center. Please review this information about

More information

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Inflammatory Bowel Disease Digestive problems are among the most common conditions affecting Americans today. There are many different types of digestive problems, from gastrointestinal infections that

More information

Digestive System (continued) Digestive System. Stomach. Peptic Ulcer Disease

Digestive System (continued) Digestive System. Stomach. Peptic Ulcer Disease Digestive System Digestive System (continued) Responsible for breaking down food, absorbing nutrients, eliminating wastes Alimentary canal Also known as gastrointestinal tract Reaches from mouth to anus

More information

Learning Objectives. Introduction to Medical Careers. Vocabulary: Chapter 16 FACTS. Functions. Organs. Digestive System Chapter 16

Learning Objectives. Introduction to Medical Careers. Vocabulary: Chapter 16 FACTS. Functions. Organs. Digestive System Chapter 16 Learning Objectives Introduction to Medical Careers Digestive System Chapter 16 Define at least 10 terms relating to the digestive Describe the four functions of the digestive Identify different structures

More information

What is Helicobacter pylori? What problems can H. pylori cause? Does H. pylori cause cancer? Might H. pylori even be good for us?

What is Helicobacter pylori? What problems can H. pylori cause? Does H. pylori cause cancer? Might H. pylori even be good for us? In association with: Primary Care Society for Gastroenterology INFORMATION ABOUT Helicobacter pylori www.corecharity.org.uk What is Helicobacter pylori? What problems can H. pylori cause? Does H. pylori

More information

Esophageal Cancer Understanding your diagnosis

Esophageal Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Esophageal Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Let s Make Cancer History 1 888 939-3333 cancer.ca Esophageal Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer you may feel alone

More information

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse Barrett s Esophagus National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Barrett s esophagus is a condition

More information

What Is Barrett s Esophagus?

What Is Barrett s Esophagus? What Is Barrett s Esophagus? Having Barrett s esophagus means the cells lining the esophagus (the tube that links the mouth and the stomach) have changed into a type of intestinal cells that are not normal

More information

HMM 4401 Gastrointestinal disease

HMM 4401 Gastrointestinal disease HMM 4401 Gastrointestinal disease Ett sykehus - nær deg og dine Admissions to inpatient hospital, > 70 yrs Main diagnoses Blefjell hospital, all dep Patient admissions Cancer and cancer related 500 Cardiovascular

More information

Helicobacter Pylori Testing

Helicobacter Pylori Testing Easy Choice Health Plan, Inc. Harmony Health Plan of Illinois, Inc. M issouri Care, Inc. Ohana Health Plan, a plan offered by WellCare Health Insurance of Arizona, Inc. WellCare Health Insurance of Illinois,

More information

Intestinal Cancer. Intestinal cancer is rare. But eating a high-fat diet or having certain digestive diseases can raise a person s risk.

Intestinal Cancer. Intestinal cancer is rare. But eating a high-fat diet or having certain digestive diseases can raise a person s risk. Intestinal Cancer Introduction This reference summary discusses cancer of the small intestines, not cancer of the colon. Intestinal cancer starts in the cells of the small intestine. The small intestine

More information

*Jung AD. Gastroesophageal reflux in infants and children. American Family Physician. 2001;64(11):1853-1860.

*Jung AD. Gastroesophageal reflux in infants and children. American Family Physician. 2001;64(11):1853-1860. Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly and stomach contents leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus. The LES is a ring of muscle

More information

Bleeding in the Digestive Tract

Bleeding in the Digestive Tract Bleeding in the Digestive Tract National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH U.S. Department of Health

More information

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy for Bleeding PROCEDURAL CONSENT FORM. A. Interpreter / cultural needs. B. Condition and treatment

Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy for Bleeding PROCEDURAL CONSENT FORM. A. Interpreter / cultural needs. B. Condition and treatment Facility: Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy for Bleeding A. Interpreter / cultural needs An Interpreter Service is required? Yes No If Yes, is a qualified Interpreter present? Yes No A Cultural Support

More information

Care and Problems of the Digestive System. Chapter 18 Lesson 2

Care and Problems of the Digestive System. Chapter 18 Lesson 2 Care and Problems of the Digestive System Chapter 18 Lesson 2 Care of the Digestive System Good eating habits are the best way to avoid or minimize digestive system problems. Eat a variety of foods Avoid

More information

Heartburn Or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Heartburn Or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Heartburn Or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) What is GERD? Gastroesophageal reflux is the phrase used to describe the backward flow or regurgitation of stomach contents passing up into the esophagus.

More information

understanding HEARTBURN and reflux diseases A patient s guide from your doctor and

understanding HEARTBURN and reflux diseases A patient s guide from your doctor and understanding HEARTBURN and reflux diseases A patient s guide from your doctor and Heartburn Basics Heartburn is the most common symptom of a condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also

More information

1-800-HRT-BURN. understanding gerd. Is it just a little HEARTBURN. or something more serious? NEW

1-800-HRT-BURN. understanding gerd. Is it just a little HEARTBURN. or something more serious? NEW Do you have GERD? Measure Yourself on the Richter Scale/Acid Test How significant is your heartburn? What are the chances that it is something more serious? If you need a yardstick, here s a simple self-test

More information

X-ray (Radiography) - Upper GI Tract

X-ray (Radiography) - Upper GI Tract Scan for mobile link. X-ray (Radiography) - Upper GI Tract Upper gastrointestinal tract radiography or upper GI uses a form of real-time x-ray called fluoroscopy and a barium-based contrast material to

More information

Nash Heartburn Treatment Center

Nash Heartburn Treatment Center Nash Heartburn Treatment Center a division of Nash Health Care NHCS Mission Statement: To provide superior quality health care services and to help improve the health of the community in a caring, efficient

More information

Ovaries Injury to a solid organ can cause and bleeding. Hollow Organs Gallbladder

Ovaries Injury to a solid organ can cause and bleeding. Hollow Organs Gallbladder 1 2 3 4 5 Chapter 16 Gastrointestinal and Urologic Emergencies (Acute Abdomen) Abdominal Pain complaint Cause is often difficult to identify; not necessary to determine cause Need to recognize - threatening

More information

Gastroesophageal Reflux and Hiatal Hernia

Gastroesophageal Reflux and Hiatal Hernia W orking with you as a partner in health care, your gastroenterologist at GI Associates will determine the best diagnostic and treatment measures for your unique needs. Albert F. Chiemprabha, M.D. Pierce

More information

Ovaries Injury to a solid organ can cause and bleeding.

Ovaries Injury to a solid organ can cause and bleeding. 1 Chapter 16 Gastrointestinal and Urologic Emergencies (Acute Abdomen) 2 Abdominal Pain complaint Cause is often difficult to identify; not necessary to determine cause Need to recognize -threatening problems

More information

Bleeding in the Digestive Tract

Bleeding in the Digestive Tract Bleeding in the Digestive Tract National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Bleeding in the digestive tract is a symptom

More information

Is H. pylori infection...

Is H. pylori infection... Is H. pylori infection... the culprit behind your stomach symptoms? What s really going on in your stomach? You may often have stomach symptoms that you blame on certain foods or stress. You may take over-the-counter

More information

Eosinophilic Esophagitis What is Eosinophilic Esophagitis?

Eosinophilic Esophagitis What is Eosinophilic Esophagitis? Eosinophilic Esophagitis What is Eosinophilic Esophagitis? Eosinophilic Esophagitis, also known as EE is an important disorder of the swallowing tube (esophagus) that is different from Gastroesophageal

More information

What is Helicobacter pylori? hat problems can H. pylori cause? Does H. pylori cause cancer? ight H. pylori even be good for us?

What is Helicobacter pylori? hat problems can H. pylori cause? Does H. pylori cause cancer? ight H. pylori even be good for us? In association with: Primary Care Society for Gastroenterology INFORMATION ABOUT Helicobacter pylori? What is Helicobacter pylori? hat problems can H. pylori cause? Does H. pylori cause cancer? ight H.

More information

X-ray (Radiography), Upper GI Tract

X-ray (Radiography), Upper GI Tract Scan for mobile link. X-ray (Radiography), Upper GI Tract What is Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract Radiography? Upper gastrointestinal tract radiography, also called an upper GI, is an x-ray examination

More information

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care.

This handout is for informational purposes only. Talk with your doctor or health care team if you have any questions about your care. PATIENT EDUCATION patienteducation.osumc.edu What is the esophagus? The esophagus (food pipe) is a tube that connects your throat to your stomach. It is about 10 inches long and runs behind your trachea

More information

Gastro-oesophageal Reflux

Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Oxford Centre for Head and Neck Oncology Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Information for patients Gastro-oesophageal reflux is common after head and neck surgery or radiotherapy.

More information

A welcome innovation in osteoporosis therapy

A welcome innovation in osteoporosis therapy $60 Save up to on each of your BINOSTO prescriptions The BINOSTO coupon is available from your doctor and at binosto.com For postmenopausal women A welcome innovation in osteoporosis therapy Preventing

More information

www.ghadialisurgery.com

www.ghadialisurgery.com P R E S E N T S Dr. Mufa T. Ghadiali is skilled in all aspects of General Surgery. His General Surgery Services include: General Surgery Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery Surgical Oncology Gastrointestinal

More information

Long Term Use of Antacid Medications Can Cause an Increased Risk for Osteoporosis and Much More

Long Term Use of Antacid Medications Can Cause an Increased Risk for Osteoporosis and Much More Long Term Use of Antacid Medications Can Cause an Increased Risk for Osteoporosis and Much More By: Jeremie Pederson D.C., C.S.C.S. Many people are concerned about the FDA news release dated May 25, 2010

More information

SOD (Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction)

SOD (Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction) SOD (Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction) SOD refers to the mechanical malfunctioning of the Sphincter of Oddi, which is the valve muscle that regulates the flow of bile and pancreatic juice into the duodenum.

More information

ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography) Patient Information from SAGES

ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography) Patient Information from SAGES SAGES Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons http://www.sages.org ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography) Patient Information from SAGES Author : SAGES Webmaster What

More information

Patient Information Guide for the ReShape Procedure

Patient Information Guide for the ReShape Procedure Patient Information Guide for the ReShape Procedure Please review this information before your procedure. Please talk to your doctor if you have any questions or do not understand any of this information.

More information

What is the most important information I should know about TREXIMET?

What is the most important information I should know about TREXIMET? PATIENT IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION What is the most important information I should know about TREXIMET? TREXIMET may increase your chance of a heart attack or stroke that can lead to death. TREXIMET

More information

Alere H. pylori Primer

Alere H. pylori Primer Alere H. pylori Primer What is Peptic Ulcer Disease? One in 10 Americans suffer from peptic ulcer disease, commonly called stomach ulcers. Peptic ulcers can affect the stomach, esophagus, or upper portion

More information

You have been advised by your GP or hospital doctor to have an investigation known as a Gastroscopy.

You have been advised by your GP or hospital doctor to have an investigation known as a Gastroscopy. Gastroscopy (OGD) The Procedure Explained You have been advised by your GP or hospital doctor to have an investigation known as a Gastroscopy. This procedure requires your formal consent. If you are unable

More information

Losec. Omeprazole 10 mg, 20 mg and 40 mg capsules. CONSUMER MEDICINE INFORMATION

Losec. Omeprazole 10 mg, 20 mg and 40 mg capsules. CONSUMER MEDICINE INFORMATION Losec Omeprazole 10 mg, 20 mg and 40 mg capsules. CONSUMER MEDICINE INFORMATION What is in this leaflet This leaflet answers some of the common questions people ask about Losec. It does not contain all

More information

Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults.

Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults. Guideline for Administered by the Alberta Medical Association Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults This guideline has been adapted from the Canadian Consensus Conference on the

More information

Patient Information Once Weekly FOSAMAX (FOSS-ah-max) (alendronate sodium) Tablets and Oral Solution

Patient Information Once Weekly FOSAMAX (FOSS-ah-max) (alendronate sodium) Tablets and Oral Solution Patient Information Once Weekly FOSAMAX (FOSS-ah-max) (alendronate sodium) Tablets and Oral Solution Read this information before you start taking FOSAMAX *. Also, read the leaflet each time you refill

More information

a child or young person (up to age 18) with reflux, regurgitation or heartburn

a child or young person (up to age 18) with reflux, regurgitation or heartburn Reflux, regurgitation and heartburn in babies, children and young people Information for the public Published: 14 January 2015 nice.org.uk About this information NICE guidelines provide advice on the care

More information

Controlling GI Side Effects after Transplant: What Every Patient Should Know

Controlling GI Side Effects after Transplant: What Every Patient Should Know Controlling GI Side Effects after Transplant: What Every Patient Should Know International Transplant Nurses Society Esophagus Liver Gall bladder Colon Mouth Stomach Pancreas Small Intestine As you recover

More information

Health Science 1111 Module 15 Digestive System Lab 15. As you view the film The Body Invaders Digestion answer the question on your lab worksheet.

Health Science 1111 Module 15 Digestive System Lab 15. As you view the film The Body Invaders Digestion answer the question on your lab worksheet. Health Science 1111 Module 15 Digestive System Lab 15 As you view the film The Body Invaders Digestion answer the question on your lab worksheet. Anatlab o On campus students: Double-click on the Anatlab

More information

ORBERA Intragastric Balloon System (ORBERA )

ORBERA Intragastric Balloon System (ORBERA ) ORBERA Intragastric Balloon System (ORBERA ) Patient Information Booklet Rx Only Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. 1 Table of Contents 1 Table of Contents... 2 2 Glossary... 3 3 Introduction... 5 3.1 About the

More information

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Information Sheet

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Information Sheet Mr Andrew Gordon MS FRCS The Bridge Clinic Oldfield Lodge Bridge Road Maidenhead Berks SL6 8DG Telephone 01628 780200 Email: ag@andrewcgordon.co.uk Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Information Sheet What is

More information

Gut Motility Problems in Children by Susan Agrawal

Gut Motility Problems in Children by Susan Agrawal www.complexchild.com Gut Motility Problems in Children by Susan Agrawal In the past few years, doctors have become more aware of the great importance of motility in the gastrointestinal system. Symptoms

More information

Heartburn and Hiatus Hernia. An information guide

Heartburn and Hiatus Hernia. An information guide TO PROVIDE THE VERY BEST CARE FOR EACH PATIENT ON EVERY OCCASION Heartburn and Hiatus Hernia An information guide Heartburn and Hiatus Hernia What is Heartburn? Heartburn is a pain behind the breastbone,

More information

It s A Gut Feeling: Abdominal Pain in Children. David Deutsch, MD Pediatric Gastroenterology Rockford Health Physicians

It s A Gut Feeling: Abdominal Pain in Children. David Deutsch, MD Pediatric Gastroenterology Rockford Health Physicians It s A Gut Feeling: Abdominal Pain in Children David Deutsch, MD Pediatric Gastroenterology Rockford Health Physicians Introduction Common Symptom Affects 10-15% of school-aged children Definition (Dr.

More information

Esophageal Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis

Esophageal Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis Esophageal Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Esophageal Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer, you may feel alone and afraid. You may be overwhelmed by the large

More information

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse Barrett s Esophagus National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is Barrett s esophagus? Barrett s esophagus is

More information

PREPARATION FOR ESOPHAGEAL MOTILITY STUDY

PREPARATION FOR ESOPHAGEAL MOTILITY STUDY Patient Name: Date of Study: Time to Arrive: Location: Phone: PREPARATION FOR ESOPHAGEAL MOTILITY STUDY 1. Have nothing to eat or drink for at least 6 hours before the exam. After the exam you may eat

More information

Medication Guide. Serious loss of body fluid (dehydration) and changes in blood salts (electrolytes) in your blood.

Medication Guide. Serious loss of body fluid (dehydration) and changes in blood salts (electrolytes) in your blood. Medication Guide MoviPrep (moo-vee-prěp) (PEG 3350, sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium ascorbate, and ascorbic acid for oral solution) Read this Medication Guide before you start

More information

The GI Blues: Heartburn, Acid Reflux and Indigestion. Byron Cryer, M.D. Dallas VA Medical Center

The GI Blues: Heartburn, Acid Reflux and Indigestion. Byron Cryer, M.D. Dallas VA Medical Center The GI Blues: Heartburn, Acid Reflux and Indigestion Byron Cryer, M.D. Dallas VA Medical Center Locke HR et al. Gastroenterology. 1997;112(5):1448-1456 1456 Upper GI Symptoms are Common 60% Caucasian Female

More information

Crohn s Disease. are at decreased risk for developing Crohn s disease. Crohn s disease may also be called ileitis or enteritis.

Crohn s Disease. are at decreased risk for developing Crohn s disease. Crohn s disease may also be called ileitis or enteritis. Crohn s Disease What is Crohn s disease? Crohn s disease is an ongoing disorder that causes inflammation of the digestive tract, also referred to as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Crohn s disease can

More information

Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/esophageal-spasms/ds00763

Original Article: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/esophageal-spasms/ds00763 MayoClinic.com reprints This single copy is for your personal, noncommercial use only. For permission to reprint multiple copies or to order presentation-ready copies for distribution, use the reprints

More information

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Ulcerative Colitis

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Ulcerative Colitis Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Ulcerative Colitis Here are some words to help you understand this disease. There are pictures on the next page so you can see these parts in a body. Bowels: The bowels

More information

Homeostatic Imbalances of the Digestive System

Homeostatic Imbalances of the Digestive System Homeostatic Imbalances of the Digestive System Sign or Disease Description, Causes, Etc. 1 Abdominal Adhesions Fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery;

More information

FUNCTIONAL BOWEL DISORDERS

FUNCTIONAL BOWEL DISORDERS FUNCTIONAL BOWEL DISORDERS Contributed by the International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (IFFGD) and edited by the Patient Care Committee of the ACG. INTRODUCTION Doctors use the

More information

Emory Program in Sleep Medicine Sleep and Health Questionnaire

Emory Program in Sleep Medicine Sleep and Health Questionnaire Emory Program in Sleep Medicine Sleep and Health Questionnaire Demographics Today s Date: / / Name: Date of Birth: / / Address: Sex: Male Female City / State / Zip: Preferred Contact Number: Occupation:

More information

The degree of liver inflammation or damage (grade) Presence and extent of fatty liver or other metabolic liver diseases

The degree of liver inflammation or damage (grade) Presence and extent of fatty liver or other metabolic liver diseases ilearning about your health Liver Biopsy www.cpmc.org/learning What is a Liver Biopsy? A liver biopsy is a procedure where a specially trained doctor (typically a hepatologist, radiologist, or gastroenterologist)

More information

Natural remedies for Acid Reflux

Natural remedies for Acid Reflux Natural remedies for Acid Reflux Medical Researcher, Nutritionist, Health Consultant and Former Acid Reflux Sufferer Teaches You How To: Permanently Cure Your Acid Reflux Within 2 Months Gain Permanent

More information

Laparoscopic Fundoplication for Reflux

Laparoscopic Fundoplication for Reflux Laparoscopic Fundoplication for Reflux Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered Understanding Reflux General Reflux happens when acid from the stomach washes up into the gullet (oesophagus) from the

More information

Endoscopy Suite Patient Information

Endoscopy Suite Patient Information Having a gastroscopy and colonoscopy Endoscopy Suite Patient Information Contents Introduction 1 What is a gastroscopy and colonoscopy? 2 What preparation will I need for my gastroscopy and colonoscopy?

More information

ABDOMINAL PAIN. By Lawrence R. Schiller, M.D. Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas

ABDOMINAL PAIN. By Lawrence R. Schiller, M.D. Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas ABDOMINAL PAIN By Lawrence R. Schiller, M.D. Baylor University Medical Center Dallas, Texas What is abdominal pain? Ordinarily, we are unaware of any of the actions of the organs in the abdomen or any

More information

Undergoing an Oesophageal Endoscopic Resection (ER)

Undergoing an Oesophageal Endoscopic Resection (ER) Contact Information If you have an enquiry about your appointment time/date please contact the Booking Office on 0300 422 6350. For medication enquiries please call 0300 422 8232, this is an answer machine

More information

Understanding GERD. Heartburn Treatment Center at Inova Alexandria Hospital

Understanding GERD. Heartburn Treatment Center at Inova Alexandria Hospital Understanding GERD Heartburn Treatment Center at Inova Alexandria Hospital 1 Understanding GERD What is GERD? Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) opens

More information

Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery & Follow Up Care

Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery & Follow Up Care Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery & Follow Up Care Sleeve Gastrectomy Restrictive surgical weight loss procedure Able to eat a smaller amount of food to feel satiety, less than 6 ounces at a meal Surgery The

More information