Second language acquisition

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Second language acquisition"

Transcription

1 Second language acquisition

2 Children vs. adults in second-language acquisition Who do you think is better at 2 nd language acquisition? Why? 2 factors involved in 2 nd language acquisition: 1.psychological Intellectual processing, memory, motor skills. 2. social

3 P SYC H O LO G I C A L FAC TO R S I n t e l l e c t u a l p r o c e s s i n g : explication vs. induction Explication: dog/z/, duck/s/ Induction: John danced and then John (he) sang Work in pairs on the following assignment (devise a suitable task for each method): Teach past simple tense by using the 1. explication method, 2. induction method? Which method, in your opinion, would be more suitable for a) young learners, b) adults? Why? M e m o r y How do children acquire new words? Abstract words? How, in your opinion children acquire the question forms or the negative? The simple memorization where words, phrases and sentences are remembered just as they are rote memorization. Items are stored as they are, without any analysis or processing. Decline in rote memorization around 8 years of age and then again around 12. Why? By 50 years of age-20% memory loss (decrease of brain cells in the cortex), by 75 40% loss. In the normally aging brain, long-term memories seem unaffected, but short-term are. M o t o r s k i l l s Good pronunciation > ability to control the organs of speech > under the control of the brain Are children better than adults in acquiring foreign language pronunciation? If yes, then at what age does this ability begin to decline?

4 SOCIAL SITUATIONS AFFECTING SECOND-LANGUAGE LEARNING Learning language in a natural setting The paradigm case: a young child living in another country and learning the language Adults have a limited opportunity to experience appropriate second-language data. For them social interaction mainly occurs through the medium of language > The older the child, the greater the role that language plays in social interaction. Since language is essential for social interaction, foreign adults often tend to stick together in the new environment. Learning language in the classroom Planned, artificially constructed situation: teacher is the planner Language itself is the prime aspect of life around which everything revolves; teacher is the prime source of the new language Exposure to good native speech, role playing and games help for natural self-discovery of language and its use Learners must follow classroom rules ESL vs. EFL (SLA vs. FLA)

5 Who is better? In the natural situation, younger children will do best (social interaction, induce grammar and syntax, better memory and motor skills (pronunciation)). Young adults will do better than adults. In the classroom situation, adults will do better than young children (better concentration, attention and ability to sit still for a long time). Young adults (around 12) will do better than adults. C r i t i c a l a g e Do you think there is a critical age for second-language acquisition? Consider the cases of both syntax and pronunciation? Syntax: Can be learned perfectly (no critical age) Pronunciation: Thomas Scovel The Joseph Conrad Syndrome (native speaker of Polish started studying English at 20)

6 Psychological and social factors affecting second-language learning for children and adults Children under 7 Psychological factors Intellectual Social factors Situation Inductive Explicative Memory Motor skills Natural Classroom High Low High High High Low 7-12 High Medium Med/High Med/High Medium Medium Adults over 12 High High Low Low Low High

7 BILINGUALISM & COGNITION

8 Varieties of bilinguals (vs. bidialectalism) Proficiency is evaluated with respect to a variety of variables: knowledge of syntax, vocabulary and pronunciation Is bilingualism beneficial or detrimental? Is it harmful linguistically/ intellectually?

9 Effects on the development of language Negative reports 1930s, Madorah Smith, data from Iowa (monolingual children English) and Hawaii (ethnically diverse bilingual children (English and Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, Korean and Portuguese). - Hawaii children had many errors in their English speech > bilingualism caused retardation in language development? (followed by Bereiter, Engelmann and Bernstein, 1960s, non-standard speakers had poor language knowledge compared to standard English speakers). - Steinberg: Smith s research was not correct for several reasons; Labov 1960s/ 70s Positive reports Lambert and his associates, Canada (Eng.& French, official languages): research with children in so-called language immersion programmes. 1976, Bruck et al., long-term study - by 4 th or 5 th grade the second language French skills were almost as good as those of native French-speaking children. - The immersion group did better than the English monolingual control group on creativity tests + mathematics and science Conclusion: inconclusive evidence

10 Effects on the development of intelligence Negative reports 1917, Goddard, 30 recently arrived Jewish adult immigrants at Ellis Island, English language version of the Binet intelligence test Result: less than half could provide 60 words (much below the 200 words that 11-year-old American children could provide). > request to Congress to restrict immigration to US. Psychological researchers: Brigham and Florence Goodenough foreigners were inferior in intelligence 1950s- psychologists: knowledge of language was not a fair measure of intelligence; it was biased. Positive effects 1980, Bain and Yu, compared monolingual and bilingual young children (6-8 months of age) in different parts of the world (Alberta, Canada, France, Hong Kong) bilingual in either English and French/Chinese raised under the guidance of the researchers. Tests: puzzles and having to carry out verbal instructions. Result: bilinguals were superior to monolinguals (1986, Hakuta, challenges these results on methodological grounds) Conclusion: research evidence shows no harmful effects either regarding language or intelligence (VIDEO)

11 Simultaneous and sequential learning situations Simultaneous: 1P-1L (e.g. mother speaks Macedonian, father speaks English) 1P-2L (e.g. mother and father use both Macedonian and English) Mixed input sandwiched language Trilingual children e.g. English, Japanese and Russian -Whether the child must be conscious of the existence of two languages in order to make progress in acquiring them is impossible to determine! Advice: use 1P-1L fashion right from the start Sequential: parents speak one language and community another - In acquiring the second language, speed, proficiency and fluency will be determined by certain psychological and social variables

12 Transfer effect of L1 and L2 learning Similarity of syntax, vocabulary and sound system Compare for instance English, French, Russian, Japanese. Which one of these languages will be easiest/ most difficult to learn for a Macedonian/ Korean/ German learner? - The greater the similarity between two languages, the more rapid the rate of acquisition Facilitation Knowledge of first language facilitates the learning of a second language (even when they are very different) Task: Give an example of your own for first language (Macedonian) facilitation in learning a second language (English). Errors, interference and second and first language strategies Error analysis: What might be the cause of errors? (interference) First language strategy: apply first language knowledge to the second Second language strategy: apply general knowledge of the second language to the second language (e.g. go-ed) Task: Give examples of your own for interference/ first and second language strategy. Question: Would a bilingual person necessarily make a good professional translator or interpreter? (VIDEO-20 lang.)

Linking Language & Learning Communication

Linking Language & Learning Communication Linking Language & Learning Communication 2 nd Lecture Dr. Alfadil Altahir Alfadil Guiding questions What do you want to be able to DO with English? In what ways is the classroom a good place to learn

More information

Key Points about the Benefits of Foreign Language Learning To Include in Letters to Legislators

Key Points about the Benefits of Foreign Language Learning To Include in Letters to Legislators Key Points about the Benefits of Foreign Language Learning To Include in Letters to Legislators Contacting state senators and representatives is a simple and effective way to support world language education,

More information

APEC Online Consumer Checklist for English Language Programs

APEC Online Consumer Checklist for English Language Programs APEC Online Consumer Checklist for English Language Programs The APEC Online Consumer Checklist For English Language Programs will serve the training needs of government officials, businesspeople, students,

More information

Fulfilling World Language Requirements through Alternate Means

Fulfilling World Language Requirements through Alternate Means Fulfilling World Language Requirements through Alternate Means OUSD Board Policy 6146.1 allows students to meet graduation requirements through demonstration of proficiency. Both University of California

More information

Creating Online Professional Development for Educators

Creating Online Professional Development for Educators Teaching the ESL Learner Transcript of Speaker II. Methods of Sheltered English Introduction, Ruth DeCrescentis, Satrina Chargualaf, Vicki Duerre, Lori Garcia Welcome, everyone. We are going to spend the

More information

Dual Language Education Can Close Achievement Gap

Dual Language Education Can Close Achievement Gap SUMMARY Dual Language Education Can Close Achievement Gap Dual language learning has been found to be the only method of second language acquisition to facilitate the full closure of the achievement gap

More information

IDENTIFICATION, EVALUATION AND INTERVENTION FOR ELL STUDENTS WITH COMMUNICATION DISORDERS

IDENTIFICATION, EVALUATION AND INTERVENTION FOR ELL STUDENTS WITH COMMUNICATION DISORDERS IDENTIFICATION, EVALUATION AND INTERVENTION FOR ELL STUDENTS WITH COMMUNICATION DISORDERS INTRODUCTION Public school systems in the United States have experienced a significant increase in the number of

More information

Albert Einstein Academies Charter Elementary School. Language Policy 2015 2016. Teaching our children today to advance our shared humanity tomorrow

Albert Einstein Academies Charter Elementary School. Language Policy 2015 2016. Teaching our children today to advance our shared humanity tomorrow Albert Einstein Academies Charter Elementary School Language Policy 2015 2016 Teaching our children today to advance our shared humanity tomorrow What is the Purpose of the Language Policy? Achieve a common

More information

ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS * * Adapted from March 2004 NJ DOE presentation by Peggy Freedson-Gonzalez

ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS * * Adapted from March 2004 NJ DOE presentation by Peggy Freedson-Gonzalez ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS * * Adapted from March 2004 NJ DOE presentation by Peggy Freedson-Gonzalez NJ DEMOGRAPHICS As of 2001, NJ ranked 7 th in % of limited- English-speaking residents 42% increase

More information

Courses Description. ELI 600 Second Language Acquisition 3

Courses Description. ELI 600 Second Language Acquisition 3 Courses Description ELI 600 Second Language Acquisition 3 This course introduces the students to the major theories and issues in second language acquisition, as well as the theories and assumptions that

More information

On the Possible Pedagogy to Teach English for Chinese Undergraduate Non-English Majors

On the Possible Pedagogy to Teach English for Chinese Undergraduate Non-English Majors On the Possible Pedagogy to Teach English for Chinese Undergraduate Non-English Majors Yu Zhang Florida International University, USA Abstract: This paper proposes a new model for teaching English to Chinese

More information

GaPSC Approved Initial Educator Preparation Certifications The College of Education offers preparation in the following certification fields.

GaPSC Approved Initial Educator Preparation Certifications The College of Education offers preparation in the following certification fields. The College of offers preparation in the following certification fields. Teacher s Agriculture Program (6-12; Initial; Baccalaureate) Agricultural N/A BSA and Communication Agriculture Program (6-12; Initial;

More information

Speech and Language Support in the Classroom / for 5 11s

Speech and Language Support in the Classroom / for 5 11s Elklan Training Course Speech and Language Support in the Classroom / for 5 11s Background The Elklan Training Course Speech and Language Support in the Classroom / for 5 11s has been run three times at

More information

EAL Policy Last reviewed September 2016 Next review date July 2017

EAL Policy Last reviewed September 2016 Next review date July 2017 EAL Policy Last reviewed September 2016 Next review date July 2017 POLICY ON EAL (ENGLISH as an ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE) English as an Additional Language is given high priority in St Nicholas School due to

More information

MAIN CHALLENGES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO CHILDREN AGED 6-12

MAIN CHALLENGES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO CHILDREN AGED 6-12 MAIN CHALLENGES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO CHILDREN AGED 6-12 For the last 15 years it has become a European standard to introduce foreign languages, especially English, in primary schools and kindergartens.

More information

Learning Support Policy

Learning Support Policy Learning Support Policy 1 School and student profile Learning support philosophy The ISUtrecht has a personalised approach to learning, and this is achieved through our communicative and proactive staff

More information

Modern foreign languages

Modern foreign languages Modern foreign languages Programme of study for key stage 3 and attainment targets (This is an extract from The National Curriculum 2007) Crown copyright 2007 Qualifications and Curriculum Authority 2007

More information

, Review: Applied Linguistics: Elsner & Kessler (2013)

, Review: Applied Linguistics: Elsner & Kessler (2013) 24.4586, Review: Applied Linguistics: Elsner & Kessler (2013) EDITOR: Daniela Elsner EDITOR: Jörg U. Keßler TITLE: Bilingual Education in Primary School SUBTITLE: Aspects of Immersion, CLIL, and Bilingual

More information

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE STUDIES Spanish Option University Transfer Degree

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE STUDIES Spanish Option University Transfer Degree INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE STUDIES Spanish Option University Transfer Degree Degree Awarded: Associate in Arts General Education Requirements Credit Hours: 37 See the General Education Requirements for the

More information

Myers Park School International Baccalaureate Program Language Policy

Myers Park School International Baccalaureate Program Language Policy Myers Park School International Baccalaureate Program Language Policy Philosophy In order to support primary and secondary language acquisition, we believe that all teachers are language teachers. Language

More information

Bilingualism and Its Effect on Literacy Skills

Bilingualism and Its Effect on Literacy Skills Pace University DigitalCommons@Pace Honors College Theses Pforzheimer Honors College 9-1-2007 Bilingualism and Its Effect on Literacy Skills Antonina Pigulskaya Pace University Follow this and additional

More information

Chapter INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES AND STUDENT LEARNING CHARACTERISTICS

Chapter INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES AND STUDENT LEARNING CHARACTERISTICS Chapter 7 INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES AND STUDENT LEARNING CHARACTERISTICS CHAPTER 17 INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES The most effective instructional strategies incorporate meaningful and purposeful activities

More information

MFL Policy 2014. Policy confirmed by the Governing Body of Our Lady Immaculate Roman Catholic Primary School on: Date: 23.9.14

MFL Policy 2014. Policy confirmed by the Governing Body of Our Lady Immaculate Roman Catholic Primary School on: Date: 23.9.14 MFL Policy 2014 Policy confirmed by the Governing Body of Our Lady Immaculate Roman Catholic Primary School on: Date: 23.9.14 Signature: (Chair of Governors) To be reviewed on: Rationale for Teaching Languages

More information

French Policy. Rationale:

French Policy. Rationale: Rationale: As the UK is becoming an increasingly multicultural society, we have a duty to provide our children with an understanding of other cultures and languages. From September 2014 all KS2 children

More information

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition Hugvísindasvið Second Language Acquisition The Effect of Age and Motivation Ritgerð til BA prófs Einar Garibaldi Stefánsson Maí 2013 Háskóli Íslands Hugvísindasvið Enska Second Language Acquisition The

More information

Multimedia for learning: methods and development Review of Educational Research, 66 Educational Psychology Review, 3 University of Hawaii Working Papers in ESL, 8 Instructional message design: Principles

More information

Second Language Acquisition in Elementary Aged Students. Florida International University

Second Language Acquisition in Elementary Aged Students. Florida International University Second Language Acquisition in Elementary Aged Students Florida International University Second Language Acquisition in Elementary Aged Students Abstract Second language acquisition is the process by which

More information

Understanding Second Language Acquisition (SLA)

Understanding Second Language Acquisition (SLA) Understanding Second Language Acquisition (SLA) Introduction How does one learn a new language, after having acquired their native language in early childhood? Before we get into our topic, however, let

More information

Drama as a Teaching Technique in the Second Language Classroom

Drama as a Teaching Technique in the Second Language Classroom Drama as a Teaching Technique Dialog on Language Instruction 2000, Vol. 14, Nos. 1&2, pp.41-48 Drama as a Teaching Technique in the Second Language Classroom Mamdouh El-Nady Middle East School I What we

More information

A Case Study of an English Immersion Program in a South Korean Elementary School. Robert J. Fouser

A Case Study of an English Immersion Program in a South Korean Elementary School. Robert J. Fouser 13th English Education in East Asia Research Group Seminar, Seinan Gakuin University, July 22, 2000 A Case Study of an English Immersion Program in a South Korean Elementary School Robert J. Fouser Kagoshima

More information

Sueyon Seo 4282 N Wilson Drive #4 Shorewood WI 53211 414-241-8833/sseo@uwm.edu

Sueyon Seo 4282 N Wilson Drive #4 Shorewood WI 53211 414-241-8833/sseo@uwm.edu Sueyon Seo 4282 N Wilson Drive #4 Shorewood WI 53211 414-241-8833/sseo@uwm.edu JOB OB JECTIVE Associated faculty in Japanese language Education University of Wisconsin Milwaukee Milwaukee, WI PhD in Education

More information

WORLD LANGUAGES CHINESE IV 2 SEMESTERS

WORLD LANGUAGES CHINESE IV 2 SEMESTERS WORLD LANGUAGES The World Language program develops proficiency in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing languages other than English. The cultural aspects of the target language, customs, geography,

More information

Whole School Language Policy. How we Apply a Bilingual Program at Sekolah Bogor Raya, a National Plus School

Whole School Language Policy. How we Apply a Bilingual Program at Sekolah Bogor Raya, a National Plus School Language Policy Whole School Language Policy How we Apply a Bilingual Program at Sekolah Bogor Raya, a National Plus School Language Philosophy After discussion with a cross-section of teachers and administrators

More information

The Psychology Behind Learning. Factors Affecting Second Language Learning

The Psychology Behind Learning. Factors Affecting Second Language Learning The Psychology Behind Learning Factors Affecting Second Language Learning The Good Language Learner Are there personal characteristics that make one pupil more successful than another? In your experience

More information

An Overview of Applied Linguistics

An Overview of Applied Linguistics An Overview of Applied Linguistics Edited by: Norbert Schmitt Abeer Alharbi What is Linguistics? It is a scientific study of a language It s goal is To describe the varieties of languages and explain the

More information

COMMUNICATION COMMUNITIES CULTURES COMPARISONS CONNECTIONS. STANDARDS FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING Preparing for the 21st Century

COMMUNICATION COMMUNITIES CULTURES COMPARISONS CONNECTIONS. STANDARDS FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING Preparing for the 21st Century COMMUNICATION COMMUNITIES CULTURES COMPARISONS CONNECTIONS STANDARDS FOR FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING Preparing for the 21st Century Language and communication are at the heart of the human experience. The

More information

Why major in linguistics (and what does a linguist do)?

Why major in linguistics (and what does a linguist do)? Why major in linguistics (and what does a linguist do)? Written by Monica Macaulay and Kristen Syrett What is linguistics? If you are considering a linguistics major, you probably already know at least

More information

CHARACTERISTICS FOR STUDENTS WITH: LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY (LEP)

CHARACTERISTICS FOR STUDENTS WITH: LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY (LEP) CHARACTERISTICS FOR STUDENTS WITH: LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY (LEP) Research has shown that students acquire a second language in the same way that they acquire the first language. It is an exploratory

More information

REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO SPEAKERS OF OTHER LANGUAGES (MA[TESOL])

REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO SPEAKERS OF OTHER LANGUAGES (MA[TESOL]) REGULATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO SPEAKERS OF OTHER LANGUAGES (MA[TESOL]) (See also General Regulations) Any publication based on work approved for a higher degree should

More information

Teaching English to Young Learners

Teaching English to Young Learners Teaching English to Young Learners P. BOUNIOL K. ZOUGANELI VOLUME 1 Introduction and Theories of Child Language Acquisition TEACHING ENGLISH TO YOUNG LEARNERS Introduction and Theories of Child Language

More information

VOLUSIA COUNTY SCHOOLS PST PROBLEM SOLVING GUIDELINES FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS KIDS COME IN ALL LANGUAGES

VOLUSIA COUNTY SCHOOLS PST PROBLEM SOLVING GUIDELINES FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS KIDS COME IN ALL LANGUAGES VOLUSIA OUNTY SHOOLS PST PROBLEM SOLVING GUIDELINES FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS KIDS OME IN ALL LANGUAGES WRITTEN BY: MARK HAMILTON, SHOOL PSYHOLOGIST AROLYN TRONOSO, SHOOL PSYHOLOGIST WITH INPUT FROM:

More information

Best Practice in Vocabulary Teaching and Learning

Best Practice in Vocabulary Teaching and Learning Best Practice in Vocabulary Teaching and Learning Paul Nation, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand Vocabulary can be learned in a variety of ways. The most common of these is incidental learning

More information

Digest. What We Can Learn From Foreign Language Teaching In Other Countries

Digest. What We Can Learn From Foreign Language Teaching In Other Countries Digest September 2001 EDO-FL-01-06 What We Can Learn From Foreign Language Teaching In Other Countries Ingrid Pufahl, Nancy C. Rhodes, and Donna Christian, Center for Applied Linguistics During the last

More information

My Oxford English Online Course

My Oxford English Online Course My Oxford English Online Course My Oxford English is an innovative, media-rich online English course encompassing a wide range of highquality interactive content. Entertaining, flexible, and engaging,

More information

Teaching Chinese to English Background Primary School Students

Teaching Chinese to English Background Primary School Students International Education Journal Vol 4, No 1, 2003 http://iej.cjb.net 60 Teaching Chinese to English Background Primary School Students Shiqin Hu Flinders University, School of Education shiqin39@hotmail.com

More information

Matrix Showing Match between NCATE Curriculum Guidelines for Early Childhood Education and CEOE Competencies. CEOE Subarea Competency III III

Matrix Showing Match between NCATE Curriculum Guidelines for Early Childhood Education and CEOE Competencies. CEOE Subarea Competency III III Certification Examinations for Oklahoma Educators (CEOE) Framework Development Correlation Table The Framework Development Correlation Table provides information about possible alignment of some of the

More information

BILINGUALISM Kenji Hakuta School of Education Stanford University

BILINGUALISM Kenji Hakuta School of Education Stanford University BILINGUALISM Kenji Hakuta School of Education Stanford University Prepared for the New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. KEYWORDS Age of acquisition Aphasia Bilingualism, active and passive Bilingual, early,

More information

The Use of English in the Chinese Language Classroom: Perspectives from American College Students

The Use of English in the Chinese Language Classroom: Perspectives from American College Students The Use of English in the Chinese Language Classroom: Perspectives from American College Students Henrietta Yang Morehouse College For a long time, whether learners' first language (L1) should be used

More information

A Guide for Educators of English Language Learners

A Guide for Educators of English Language Learners A Guide for Educators of English Language Learners "The struggle for justice does not end when the school bell rings" Table of Contents Section 1: A General Overview of ELL Education K-12 in New York City

More information

Hola Welcome to Spanish Amigos

Hola Welcome to Spanish Amigos Languages Programme Study Key Stage 2 September 2014 1 Content Introduction. 3 Spanish as part of the curriculum.4 Transition from French to Spanish... 11 French as part of the curriculum... 12 Spanish

More information

Dual Language Program Questions and Answers: What does research say?

Dual Language Program Questions and Answers: What does research say? Dual Language Program Questions and Answers: What does research say? 1. What advantages are there for my child in a DUAL LANGUAGE program? Are the advantages the same for language minority and language

More information

SAME DIVERSE DIFFERENT. Understanding Children Who Are Dual Language Learners (DLLs)

SAME DIVERSE DIFFERENT. Understanding Children Who Are Dual Language Learners (DLLs) Understanding Who Are Dual Language Learners (DLLs) One third of the children enrolled in Early Head Start and Head Start are Dual Language Learners (DLLs). They are a diverse group who have different

More information

ENGLISH AS AN ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE (EAL) POLICY

ENGLISH AS AN ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE (EAL) POLICY ST THOMAS OF CANTERBURY CATHOLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL Horseshoe Lane West, Merrow, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 2SX : 01483 888388 Fax: 01483 888385 : head@st-thomas.surrey.sch.uk : www.stthomassurrey.co.uk Headteacher:

More information

The Natural Approach: Stages of Second Language Development. process. Learners go through a fairly regular sequence, regardless of their native

The Natural Approach: Stages of Second Language Development. process. Learners go through a fairly regular sequence, regardless of their native The Natural Approach: Stages of Second Language Development Becoming proficient in English, and even more so in academic English, is a long process. Learners go through a fairly regular sequence, regardless

More information

Mnemonics and Research on Using the Keyword Method in the Classroom. Christopher L. Spackman. Ohio Dominican University

Mnemonics and Research on Using the Keyword Method in the Classroom. Christopher L. Spackman. Ohio Dominican University Mnemonics in the Classroom 1 Running head: MNEMONICS IN THE CLASSROOM Mnemonics and Research on Using the Keyword Method in the Classroom Christopher L. Spackman Ohio Dominican University Mnemonics in

More information

Code Degree in Translation and Interpreting

Code Degree in Translation and Interpreting Code Degree in Translation and Interpreting 22054 Catalan Language A1 22055 Spanish Language A1 22059 English Language B1 22060 French Language B1 22062 German Language B1 22064 French Language C1 22065

More information

Preparing Teachers of English Language Learners: Practical Applications of the PreK 12 TESOL Professional Standards

Preparing Teachers of English Language Learners: Practical Applications of the PreK 12 TESOL Professional Standards Preparing Teachers of English Language Learners: Practical Applications of the PreK 12 TESOL Professional Standards Diane Staehr Fenner and Natalie Kuhlman Application of Standards by Domain Chapter 6

More information

English Learners and the Special Education Process The English Learner (EL) An EL is a student whose native and/or dominant language is a language

English Learners and the Special Education Process The English Learner (EL) An EL is a student whose native and/or dominant language is a language English Learners and the Special Education Process The English Learner (EL) An EL is a student whose native and/or dominant language is a language other than English. Native language is: In all direct

More information

1400 Miller Parkway, McHenry, IL Phone: (800) / (815) FAX: (800) / (815)

1400 Miller Parkway, McHenry, IL Phone: (800) / (815) FAX: (800) / (815) Dear ESL Educator: : A Professional Development Program prepares teachers to use strategies that develop limited English proficient students social and academic English and support their transition to

More information

The Effect of Second Language Learning on Test Scores, Intelligence and Achievement An Annotated Bibliography

The Effect of Second Language Learning on Test Scores, Intelligence and Achievement An Annotated Bibliography The Effect of Second Language Learning on Test Scores, Intelligence and Achievement An Annotated Bibliography Prepared By Elizabeth L. Webb Program Specialist for Foreign Languages and International Education

More information

BEGINNERS TO ADULTS SAMPLE SCHEDULES

BEGINNERS TO ADULTS SAMPLE SCHEDULES BEGINNERS TO ADULTS SAMPLE SCHEDULES Struggling Readers and Spellers // Intro 13 STRUGGLING READERS AND SPELLERS 8-YEAR-OLD TO ADULT STUDENTS NOT READING AT GRADE LEVEL Total Time: 75 130 minutes per

More information

Create A Language. 2015 Global Educator Award Winner: sharon mcadam. lo b a l e d u cato r awa r d w i n n e r. Global Connections 1: Global Society

Create A Language. 2015 Global Educator Award Winner: sharon mcadam. lo b a l e d u cato r awa r d w i n n e r. Global Connections 1: Global Society g lo b a l e d u cato r awa r d w i n n e r Global Connections 1: Global Society 2015 Unit 1: My Culture, My Family Create A Language 2015 Global Educator Award Winner: sharon mcadam PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

More information

Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) Policy 2013

Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) Policy 2013 Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) Policy 2013 Revised by: Head, staff & governors: Date: Dec 2013 Next Review: December 2016 or sooner if regulations / circumstances change 1 Rationale for Teaching Languages

More information

H A R V A R D I M M I G R A T I O N P R O J E C T S

H A R V A R D I M M I G R A T I O N P R O J E C T S H A R V A R D I M M I G R A T I O N P R O J E C T S TEACHER INTERVIEW Date: School Code: RA code: As you know, we are conducting a study to better understand the adaptation of recently arrived (within

More information

MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION G.L.

MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION G.L. MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION G.L. c. 71A School District Program Waivers for English Language Learners Requirements and Procedures General Laws Chapter 71A requires that

More information

Robert LUXTON ABSTRACT

Robert LUXTON ABSTRACT Bull. Shikoku Univ. Robert LUXTON ABSTRACT Attitudes about the use of Japanese by foreign teachers in university level English language classes have changed over the years. Until recently, many or perhaps

More information

NYS Bilingual Common Core Initiative Teacher s Guide to Implement the Bilingual Common Core Progressions

NYS Bilingual Common Core Initiative Teacher s Guide to Implement the Bilingual Common Core Progressions NYS Bilingual Common Core Initiative Teacher s Guide to Implement the Bilingual Common Core Progressions EngageNY.org Introduction to the New York State Bilingual Common Core Initiative The Bilingual Common

More information

Assessing Speaking Performance Level A2

Assessing Speaking Performance Level A2 Examiners and speaking assessment in the Cambridge English: Key exam Speaking tests are conducted by trained examiners. The quality assurance of Speaking Examiners (SEs) is managed by Team Leaders (TLs)

More information

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2011 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP PSYCHOLOGY 2011 SCORING GUIDELINES 2011 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 Savannah is a junior in high school and is preparing for an exam in her beginning Japanese course. The exam will consist of both written and spoken portions. Although

More information

Raising Children Bilingually Fred Genesee, McGill University

Raising Children Bilingually Fred Genesee, McGill University a short guide to Raising Children Bilingually Fred Genesee, McGill University Want to raise your children bilingually but aren t sure where to start? This guide will get you moving in the right direction

More information

Test at a Glance. About this test

Test at a Glance. About this test English to Speakers of Other Languages (0360) Test at a Glance Test Name English to Speakers of Other Languages Test Code 0360 Time 2 hours, with a 30-minute listening section Number of Questions 120,

More information

Encouraging Bilingualism in Early Childhood Education: A Focus on the Development of Metalinguistic Awareness and Preservation of Cultural Identity

Encouraging Bilingualism in Early Childhood Education: A Focus on the Development of Metalinguistic Awareness and Preservation of Cultural Identity Encouraging Bilingualism in Early Childhood Education: A Focus on the Development of Metalinguistic Awareness and Preservation of Cultural Identity Sarah Jin* I. INTRODUCTION The challenge for educators

More information

Dual-language Books: Addressing Linguistic and Cultural Diversity in French Immersion Classrooms

Dual-language Books: Addressing Linguistic and Cultural Diversity in French Immersion Classrooms Dual-language Books: Addressing Linguistic and Cultural Diversity in French Immersion Classrooms Liana Appelt, University of Calgary, lcappelt@ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT: Students in French Immersion (F.I) in

More information

Teaching Methodology Modules. Teaching Skills Modules

Teaching Methodology Modules. Teaching Skills Modules 3.3 Clarendon Park, Clumber Avenue, Nottingham, NG5 1DW, United Kingdom Tel: +44 115 969 2424. Fax: +44 115 962 1452. www.ilsenglish.com. Email: frances@ilsenglish.com Teacher Development Modules for Teachers

More information

Foreign Language (FL)

Foreign Language (FL) Johnson County Community College 2016-2017 1 Foreign Language (FL) Courses FL 110 Elementary Ancient Greek (5 Hours) In this course, students will learn the basic vocabulary, grammar, and syntax of Classical

More information

Cultural Diversity Issues in Neuropsychology: Considerations for Working with Multicultural and Multilingual Families

Cultural Diversity Issues in Neuropsychology: Considerations for Working with Multicultural and Multilingual Families Cultural Diversity Issues in Neuropsychology: Considerations for Working with Multicultural and Multilingual Families Veronica Bordes-Edgar, PhD Pediatric Neuropsychologist Children s Neuroscience Institute

More information

Are the Children Limited or Our We? Kathy Escamilla University of Colorado, Boulder

Are the Children Limited or Our We? Kathy Escamilla University of Colorado, Boulder Are the Children Limited or Our We? Kathy Escamilla University of Colorado, Boulder Kathy.escamilla@colorado.edu Data Sources for this Paper 5 year longitudinal study titled - Literacy Squared 1,500

More information

Afterword. Reflecting on Interaction and English Grammar. Now that you have finished this look at how interaction affects English grammar,

Afterword. Reflecting on Interaction and English Grammar. Now that you have finished this look at how interaction affects English grammar, 330 Afterword Reflecting on Interaction and English Grammar Now that you have finished this look at how interaction affects English grammar, what are the new insights that you have about how English works?

More information

ACRONYMS & TERMS RELATED TO ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS

ACRONYMS & TERMS RELATED TO ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS ACRONYMS & TERMS RELATED TO ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS Academic Language ACCESS for ELLs Accommodations Additive Bilingualism Language used in the learning of academic subject matter in formal schooling

More information

A National Study of School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students Long-Term Academic Achievement

A National Study of School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students Long-Term Academic Achievement A National Study of School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students Long-Term Academic Achievement Principal Investigators: Wayne P. Thomas, George Mason University Virginia P. Collier, George Mason

More information

Little Pim: A review of the French Teacher s Kit

Little Pim: A review of the French Teacher s Kit calico (online) issn 2056 9017 Software Review Little Pim: A review of the French Teacher s Kit PRODUCT AT A GLANCE Michele Regalla, Ph.D. Product Type: DVD video series with books, CDs, and flashcards

More information

Enhancing Technology College Students English Listening Comprehension by Listening Journals

Enhancing Technology College Students English Listening Comprehension by Listening Journals Enhancing Technology College Students English Listening Comprehension by Listening Journals Jung-chuan Chen* Department of Applied Foreign Languages, Nanya Institute of Technology Chung-Li, Taiwan, 32034

More information

GRAMMAR, SYNTAX, AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS

GRAMMAR, SYNTAX, AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS GRAMMAR, SYNTAX, AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS When it comes to grammar, many writing tutors and instructors are unsure of the most effective way to teach ESL students. And while numerous studies, articles

More information

Secondary School Language Policy

Secondary School Language Policy Secondary School Policy Philosophy In the Secondary School section of the International School of Toulouse (IST) we understand that all learning involves learning languages, learning about languages, and

More information

International Journal of Asian Social Science, 2013, 3(12): 2469-2476. International Journal of Asian Social Science

International Journal of Asian Social Science, 2013, 3(12): 2469-2476. International Journal of Asian Social Science International Journal of Asian Social Science ISSN(e): 2224-4441/ISSN(p): 2226-5139 journal homepage: http://www.aessweb.com/journal-detail.php?id=5007 THE EFFECT OF USING GRAMMAR-TRANSLATION METHOD ON

More information

PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS FOR LANGUAGE LEARNERS

PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS FOR LANGUAGE LEARNERS ACTFL PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS FOR LANGUAGE LEARNERS 2012 Edition 1001 N. FAIRFAX ST., SUITE 200 ALEXANDRIA, VA 22314 PH 703-894-2900 FAX 703-894-2905 www.actfl.org ACTFL Performance Descriptors for Language

More information

Hyunah Ahn hyunah.ahn@hawaii.edu http://www2.hawaii.edu/~ahnhyuna

Hyunah Ahn hyunah.ahn@hawaii.edu http://www2.hawaii.edu/~ahnhyuna Hyunah Ahn hyunah.ahn@hawaii.edu http://www2.hawaii.edu/~ahnhyuna EDUCATION Ph.D. candidate in Second Language Studies (SLS) University of Hawai i at Mānoa (UHM), Honolulu, Hawai i (ABD as of May 16, 2014;

More information

St.Dennis CP School. Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) Policy February 2013

St.Dennis CP School. Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) Policy February 2013 St.Dennis CP School Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) Policy February 2013 Policy confirmed by the Governing Body of St Dennis CP School on: Date: Signature: To be reviewed on: 1 Rationale for Teaching Languages

More information

TPRS Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling. Krashenʼs Theory of Second Language Acquisition

TPRS Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling. Krashenʼs Theory of Second Language Acquisition TPRS Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling Krashenʼs Theory of Second Language Acquisition meaning vs mechanics comprehensible input unconscious process low anxiety varied repetition listening

More information

ESCONDIDO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SPANISH IMMERSION PARENT HANDBOOK. Danaé Reynolds, Principal. Aleyda Barrera, Vice Principal

ESCONDIDO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SPANISH IMMERSION PARENT HANDBOOK. Danaé Reynolds, Principal. Aleyda Barrera, Vice Principal ESCONDIDO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SPANISH IMMERSION PARENT HANDBOOK Danaé Reynolds, Principal Aleyda Barrera, Vice Principal 890 Escondido Rd., Stanford, CA 94035 (650) 856-1337 1 Escondido Elementary School

More information

Language Policy Revised 2011

Language Policy Revised 2011 Language Policy Revised 2011 Philosophy As language is the key to all learning, all teachers at AIS are language teachers. Language learning at AIS refers not only to the learning of a specific language,

More information

Modifying the Instruction and Grading ELL Students Shirley Barnés

Modifying the Instruction and Grading ELL Students Shirley Barnés Modifying the Instruction and Grading ELL Students Shirley Barnés Modifying the Instruction and How to grade ELL students are some of those topics that represent a challenge to most teachers and administrators.

More information

Tai Chi and Tennis Balls: Haptic Techniques for Teaching Pronunciation

Tai Chi and Tennis Balls: Haptic Techniques for Teaching Pronunciation Tai Chi and Tennis Balls: Haptic Techniques for Teaching Pronunciation Saturday, September 19, 2015 Michael Burri, University of Wollongong *** Introduction to Prosody Acton 2015 Haptic Pronunciation

More information

The Developing Person Through the Life Span, 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger

The Developing Person Through the Life Span, 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger The Developing Person Through the Life Span, 8e by Kathleen Stassen Berger Chapter 12- Middle Childhood: Cognitive Development PowerPoint Slides developed by Martin Wolfger and Michael James Ivy Tech Community

More information

Standard Two: Knowledge of Mathematics: The teacher shall be knowledgeable about mathematics and mathematics instruction.

Standard Two: Knowledge of Mathematics: The teacher shall be knowledgeable about mathematics and mathematics instruction. Performance-Based Standards for Colorado Teachers The following shall serve as standards for the licensing of all teacher education candidates in Colorado and reflect the knowledge and skills required

More information

ELPS TELPAS. Proficiency Level Descriptors

ELPS TELPAS. Proficiency Level Descriptors ELPS TELPAS Proficiency Level Descriptors Permission to copy the ELPS TELPAS Proficiency Level Descriptors is hereby extended to Texas school officials and their agents for their exclusive use in determining

More information

Raising Bilingual Children

Raising Bilingual Children Raising Bilingual Children Written by Antonella Sorace and Bob Ladd Why want bilingual children? There are many reasons, but the two most common are: The parents speak different languages (say, an American

More information

COURSE SYLLABUS ESU 561 ASPECTS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. Fall 2014

COURSE SYLLABUS ESU 561 ASPECTS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. Fall 2014 COURSE SYLLABUS ESU 561 ASPECTS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE Fall 2014 EDU 561 (85515) Instructor: Bart Weyand Classroom: Online TEL: (207) 985-7140 E-Mail: weyand@maine.edu COURSE DESCRIPTION: This is a practical

More information

Reflections on teaching in English-medium courses

Reflections on teaching in English-medium courses Reflections on teaching in English-medium courses Centre for Internationalisation and Parallel Language Use (CIP) Joyce Kling joyce@hum.ku.dk 16-09-09 CBI vs EMI What s the difference? Content-based Instruction

More information

Linking the world through professional language services

Linking the world through professional language services ProLINK Linking the world through professional language services ProLINK is strategically located in Hong Kong, Asia world city and gateway to China, where the East meets the West. The economy of China

More information