Understanding Mental Health Conditions

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Understanding Mental Health Conditions"

Transcription

1 Understanding Mental Health Conditions Mental health conditions can affect anyone, including people with developmental disabilities. In fact, there is a special term used to describe having both a diagnosis of a developmental disability and a mental health condition this is called having a "dual diagnosis". The term dual diagnosis and this meaning are unique to the field of developmental disabilities. It has been estimated that between 30% and 70% of individuals with a diagnosis of developmental disabilities may also have a diagnosis of a mental health condition, and need psychiatric care. As a direct support professional, some of the individuals who you support may have a dual diagnosis. Or, you may have concerns about the mental health of other individuals, even if they have not been diagnosed by a doctor as having a mental health diagnosis. By improving your understanding of mental health conditions, their signs and symptoms, and how they can be treated, you will be better able to assist all of the individuals you support. What is a mental health condition? A mental health condition is an illness of the brain. The brain s job is to organize our thinking, feeling, and behavior. So, when someone has a mental health condition, he will probably exhibit signs of unusual thinking, feeling, or behavior. For example, individuals with mental health conditions may start to do or say things that don t make sense. They may hear voices or think that people are trying to hurt them. They may feel so sad or hopeless that they do not want to get out of bed or even live anymore. There are many different types of mental health conditions seen in individuals with developmental disabilities, and each of these conditions can affect the way people think, feel, and act in different ways. Some basic categories of mental health diagnoses include: Anxiety disorders People with anxiety disorders respond to certain things or situations with an increased amount of fear or dread and experience physical signs of nervousness such as a rapid heartbeat or sweating. Anxiety disorders are the most common category of mental health diagnoses found among people with developmental disabilities. Common anxiety disorders include phobias, generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and social anxiety disorder. Mood disorders People with mood disorders often have long lasting feelings of sadness, or have fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. Common mood disorders include depression and bipolar disorder. Psychotic disorders People with psychotic disorders often have hallucinations (that is, seeing things or hearing voices that are not really there) and delusions (that is, false beliefs that are strongly held despite evidence to the contrary). One of the most common psychotic disorders is schizophrenia. You can learn more about specific mental health conditions by checking out the websites listed at the end of this article.

2 Who is at risk? Anyone can develop a mental health condition, but certain people are more likely than others to experience this type of disease. Mental health conditions can sometimes run in families. If an individual you support has a family member with a mental health condition, that individual may be more likely to develop a mental health condition as well. You can encourage individuals to let their doctors know if there are family members who suffer from mental health conditions; this will help the doctor know that he or she should pay special attention to the individual s mental health. Mental health conditions can also be triggered by certain stressors in a person s life. These stressors can include the death of a family member or friend, changing jobs or schools, or moving to a new living environment. Of course, it is normal for a person to feel sad when someone dies or feel nervous when moving to a new home, but if these feelings last longer than usual or get in the way of the person s normal life, it may be time to talk to a doctor. As a direct support professional, you can make sure to pay special attention to the behavior and mood of individuals who are going through stressful life events such as these. How do mental health conditions affect people with developmental disabilities? Mental health conditions affect all people in similar ways; however, mental health conditions are more likely to go undiagnosed and untreated among people with developmental disabilities. Some people with developmental disabilities may not be able to communicate changes in the way they are feeling, thinking, or acting as well as other people. This can make it hard for a doctor to diagnose their mental health condition. Doctors and others may wrongly think that changes in behavior are due to the person s developmental disability instead of a mental health condition. This can also make diagnosis and treatment more difficult. As a direct support professional, you play a very important role in helping health care professionals to make sure that mental health conditions are recognized and treated among the individuals who you support. If you notice any unusual behavior or moods among the individuals you support, you can let the person s doctor know right away. What can happen to a person who has a mental health condition? Mental health conditions that are not treated can get worse over time. As mental health conditions get worse, they can affect the way a person is able to function in daily life. For instance, some people with untreated mental health conditions can: Lose their jobs or do very poorly in school Lose their friends Hurt themselves or others Commit suicide On the other hand, with the proper treatment many people with mental health conditions are able to get better or manage their condition so that they can live their lives as they want. You can support individuals to get the treatment that they need by talking to the

3 person s doctor if you notice any unexpected changes in the way the person is acting, feeling, or thinking. What signs and symptoms should I watch out for? Different mental health conditions have different signs and symptoms, but all mental health conditions will make people think, act, or feel differently than they are used to. We all feel sad, anxious, or angry some of the time, but if these changes in mood or behavior go on for longer than usual, occur in unusual settings and situations, are not affected by consistent behavioral interventions, or are affecting the person s quality of life, then, it may be a sign that the person may have a mental health condition. It is often difficult for people who have a mental health condition to admit to themselves or others that they are ill. Changes in mood, thoughts, and behavior can be a frightening and uncomfortable topic for people to talk about; many people who have a mental health condition will not come forward to talk about how they feel. You can assist the individuals who you support by paying attention to their behavior and moods and encouraging them to talk to a medical professional when you notice changes that are affecting their lives. Some general behavioral signs and symptoms that may indicate mental health conditions include: Changes in sleep patterns - excessive sleep, little or no sleep, or interrupted sleep Changes in appetite - a lack of appetite or being fearful of food and inspecting or refusing food Excessive worry constant and excessive talk about particular daily events, repetitive behavior rituals to either ensure or prevent an event Excessive anger being threatening or hostile to others, appearing to be angry at strangers, anger that is excessive for the situation Excessive happiness being excessively happy over a period of time, having grandiose thoughts and ideas Excessive sadness having a depressed mood over a period of time that is not related to loss or grief, a loss of interest in pleasurable activities, talking about death or hurting oneself Hearing voices staring to the side or corners and appearing to be involved in a conversation, covering ears Seeing things that are not there covering eyes, brushing unseen material off body Change in cleanliness habits refusing to bathe and shower or bathing and showering excessively Bruises or cuts accidental or purposeful self-harm

4 For more information on specific signs and symptoms of different mental health conditions you can check out the resources at the end of this article. Also, this DDS Safety Net article contains checklists for depression, mania, and psychosis: You can use these checklists to keep track of the behavior of the individuals who you support and then share them with the individual s doctor to help with diagnostic efforts. What should I do if I think an individual I support has a mental health condition? If you think that an individual who you support has a mental health condition, you can ask the person about it and also call their health care professional with your concerns. When you call the person s doctor, be ready to report the behavior you have noticed and to describe how this is different from the way the individual usually acts. It may help you to write this information down before you call. You can report: The individual s usual behavior (for instance, the individual usually enjoys spending time with friends) The new behavior you have noticed (now the individual only wants to spend time alone and doesn t like to leave his or her room) When this behavior started (last month or last week) How often it is happening (everyday or just some of the time) Any stressors in the individual s life that may be the cause of the new behavior (for instance, if this individual recently had a fight with a friend or had a friend or family member die) The doctor will talk with you about your concerns and may ask that you bring the individual in so that he or she can talk with the person face-to-face. The individual s primary care doctor may also refer him or her to a psychologist or psychiatrist for testing and diagnosis. What are the treatments for mental health conditions? If an individual who you support has a mental health condition, the person s doctor will find the treatment that is right for that individual. Different mental health conditions may need to be treated in different ways, but some common treatments for mental health conditions include medications and therapy. The medications that people take for mental health conditions are called psychotropic medications. There are many different types of psychotropic medications that are designed to treat different mental health conditions. Before the individual s doctor prescribes a psychotropic medication, you should let the doctor know the other medications that the individual is taking. The doctor will know which medications can work together and which cannot. Another way that people are often treated for mental health conditions is through therapy. This can include: Therapy sessions with a psychologist, psychiatrist, or therapist where the person will be able to talk with the therapist about their thoughts and feelings

5 Art or music therapy where a person can express their thoughts and feelings through art or music The doctor will decide which treatment or treatments are right for the individual. Treatment techniques may need to be adjusted based on the individual s communication abilities, medical, and family history. Therefore, individuals with the same mental health condition may be treated in different ways. How can I support individuals who are being treated for mental health conditions? As a direct support professional, there are many ways that you can support individuals who are being treated for a mental health condition. If an individual s doctor has prescribed a medication for their mental health condition, you can support the individual to take this medication as instructed. For instance, some medications may need to be taken with food or drink or at certain times of day. Make sure that you and the individual understand all of the directions for each medication and ask a doctor or pharmacist if you do not. Even if an individual starts to feel better, they should continue to take their medications until the doctor tells the person to stop. You can remind individuals to keep taking their medications. You can also support the individual to attend all of their scheduled therapy sessions. Both medication and therapy may be important parts of an individual s treatment. During the individual s treatment, keep track of any changes in mood or behavior that you notice or that the individual talks about. You can share these changes with the individual s doctor so that she can tell if the treatment is working or needs to be adjusted. Lastly, you can encourage individuals to be open and honest with their health care professionals about any changes in how they feel, think, or act. The person who you support is the best source to learn about how they are feeling and what they are thinking. If an individual s treatment is not working, the doctor will find another treatment that may work better. Where can I go to learn more? To learn more about specific mental health diagnoses, including their symptoms and treatments, you can check: WebMD: National Alliance on Mental Illness: You can learn more about mental health diagnosis among people with developmental disabilities at these websites: The Arc: The Missouri Developmental Disability Resource Center: Disabilities/FastFacts/DDandMentalHealthIssues.htm

6 Also, be sure to check out these DDS Safety Net articles and presentations: Articles for direct support professionals and family members: o Dual Diagnosis and your Family Member - o Understanding Dual Diagnosis - Presentations for individuals with developmental disabilities: o This month s feature presentation on Understanding Mental Health Conditions o This month s Safety Point presentation on Medication Safety and Psychotropic Medications o This month s Health Point presentation on Mood Disorders

what is a mental illness?

what is a mental illness? what is a mental illness? Part of the Plainer Language Series www.heretohelp.bc.ca what is a mental illness? A mental illness is a real health problem that affects the mind. A mental illness changes the

More information

Bipolar Disorder. When people with bipolar disorder feel very happy and "up," they are also much more active than usual. This is called mania.

Bipolar Disorder. When people with bipolar disorder feel very happy and up, they are also much more active than usual. This is called mania. Bipolar Disorder Introduction Bipolar disorder is a serious mental disorder. People who have bipolar disorder feel very happy and energized some days, and very sad and depressed on other days. Abnormal

More information

Mental Health Ombudsman Training Manual. Advocacy and the Adult Home Resident. Module V: Substance Abuse and Common Mental Health Disorders

Mental Health Ombudsman Training Manual. Advocacy and the Adult Home Resident. Module V: Substance Abuse and Common Mental Health Disorders Mental Health Ombudsman Training Manual Advocacy and the Adult Home Resident Module V: Substance Abuse and Common Mental Health Disorders S WEHRY 2004 Goals Increase personal comfort and confidence Increase

More information

Presently, there are no means of preventing bipolar disorder. However, there are ways of preventing future episodes: 1

Presently, there are no means of preventing bipolar disorder. However, there are ways of preventing future episodes: 1 What is bipolar disorder? There are two main types of bipolar illness: bipolar I and bipolar II. In bipolar I, the symptoms include at least one lifetime episode of mania a period of unusually elevated

More information

MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS

MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS 2 MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS Just as we can develop problems with our physical health, mental health problems will be experienced by many of us over the course of our lives. Mental health problems range from

More information

Bipolar Disorder. Some people with these symptoms have bipolar disorder, a serious mental illness. Read this brochure to find out more.

Bipolar Disorder. Some people with these symptoms have bipolar disorder, a serious mental illness. Read this brochure to find out more. Bipolar Disorder Do you go through intense moods? Do you feel very happy and energized some days, and very sad and depressed on other days? Do these moods last for a week or more? Do your mood changes

More information

OUTREACH VERSION. SERVICES FOR TEENS AT RISK STAR Center Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (412) 246-5619

OUTREACH VERSION. SERVICES FOR TEENS AT RISK STAR Center Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (412) 246-5619 OUTREACH VERSION SERVICES FOR TEENS AT RISK STAR Center Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (412) 246-5619 All Rights Reserved 2007 UPMC Health System TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2 WHAT IS DEPRESSION?

More information

Taking Charge of Your Depression

Taking Charge of Your Depression Taking Charge of Your Depression Take charge of your health. Learn as much as you can. It s one of the most important things you can do for yourself. Depression is more than just feeling down or blue for

More information

Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder Understanding NICE guidance Information for people who use NHS services Borderline personality disorder NICE clinical guidelines advise the NHS on caring for people with specific conditions or diseases

More information

First reactions. Later reactions. Frustration about: Physical limits Memory loss Trouble speaking

First reactions. Later reactions. Frustration about: Physical limits Memory loss Trouble speaking SECTION 7 Stroke and depression 7: Stroke and depression Section overview This section looks at: The impact of stroke on the survivor s feelings and social life First reactions and later changes Post-stroke

More information

Depression and Bipolar Disorder

Depression and Bipolar Disorder The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a nation-wide, charitable organization that promotes the mental health of all and supports the resilience and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

More information

What does a. Counselling Team. Lead do? Lindsay Rennie, Lead

What does a. Counselling Team. Lead do? Lindsay Rennie, Lead - Lindsay Rennie, Counselling Team Lead What does a Counselling Team Lead do? Lindsay Rennie is the lead counsellor providing clinical leadership within Counselling Services, offering personal counselling

More information

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 13 1

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 13 1 Okami Study Guide: Chapter 13 1 Chapter Test 1. This is the organized set of criteria for diagnosing psychological disorders used in the United States. a. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

More information

Symptoms of mania can include: 3

Symptoms of mania can include: 3 Bipolar Disorder This factsheet gives information on bipolar disorder. It explains the symptoms of bipolar disorder, treatments and ways to manage symptoms. It also covers what treatment the National Institute

More information

Caring for depression

Caring for depression Caring for depression Aetna Health Connections SM Disease Management Program Get information. Get help. Get better. 21.05.300.1 B (6/08) Get back to being you How this guide can help you Having an ongoing

More information

Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective Disorder FACT SHEET 10 What Is? Schizoaffective disorder is a psychiatric disorder that affects about 0.5 percent of the population (one person in every two hundred). Similar to schizophrenia, this disorder is

More information

Bipolar Disorder. in Children and Teens. Does your child go through intense mood changes? Does your child have

Bipolar Disorder. in Children and Teens. Does your child go through intense mood changes? Does your child have Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Does your child go through intense mood changes? Does your child have extreme behavior changes too? Does your child get too excited or silly sometimes? Do you notice

More information

Understanding. Depression. The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself. Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members

Understanding. Depression. The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself. Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members TM Understanding Depression The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members Understanding Depression Depression is a biological illness. It affects more than

More information

Bipolar Disorder UHN. Information for patients and families. Read this booklet to learn:

Bipolar Disorder UHN. Information for patients and families. Read this booklet to learn: Bipolar Disorder UHN Information for patients and families Read this booklet to learn: what bipolar disorder is what causes it the signs or symptoms of bipolar disorder what treatments can help Please

More information

The sooner a person with depression seeks support, the sooner they can recover.

The sooner a person with depression seeks support, the sooner they can recover. Depression Summary Depression is a constant feeling of dejection and loss, which stops you doing your normal activities. Different types of depression exist, with symptoms ranging from relatively minor

More information

Talking to a friend or family member affected by depression

Talking to a friend or family member affected by depression Talking to a friend or family member affected by depression Supported by Supported by the European Depression Association Brought to you by For people affected by depression, discussing their condition

More information

Mental Illness and Suicidal Behavior

Mental Illness and Suicidal Behavior Mental Illness and Suicidal Behavior Alberta Education Health & Life Skills Programs of Studies Outcomes 8Grade The student will R 8.1 Describe the characteristic of persistent negative feeling states,

More information

Understanding Schizophrenia & Bipolar Disorder

Understanding Schizophrenia & Bipolar Disorder Understanding Schizophrenia & Bipolar Disorder Webcast presented by the National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare in observance of Mental Illness Awareness Week Program content based upon Mental

More information

The Early Stages of Psychosis

The Early Stages of Psychosis The Early Stages of Psychosis Getting Help Early Authors Jenny Henry Paul French 1 CONTENTS Introduction Definition, what is psychosis Why psychosis? How common is it? Stigma Reasons for early intervention

More information

Understanding Suicidal Thinking

Understanding Suicidal Thinking Understanding Suicidal Thinking Suicidal thoughts are temporary. Suicide is permanent. Don t give in to suicidal thoughts you can overcome them. If depression or bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression)

More information

Psychiatrists should be aware of the signs of Asperger s Syndrome as they appear in adolescents and adults if diagnostic errors are to be avoided.

Psychiatrists should be aware of the signs of Asperger s Syndrome as they appear in adolescents and adults if diagnostic errors are to be avoided. INFORMATION SHEET Age Group: Sheet Title: Adults Depression or Mental Health Problems People with Asperger s Syndrome are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems such as anxiety and depression,

More information

Mental Health and Stress Management

Mental Health and Stress Management Mental Health and Stress Management In recent years, psychologists have become more interested in positive psychology Focus on positive emotions, characteristics, strengths, and conditions that create

More information

Perinatal Depression

Perinatal Depression Infant Feeding and Prenatal Classes Who WIC Participants Why WIC Time 5-10 minutes (without DVD) Setup Chairs in clusters of 2 or 3. White board and pens (Longer Class) DVD Healthy Mom, Happy Family Objectives

More information

BIPOLAR DISORDER IN PRIMARY CARE

BIPOLAR DISORDER IN PRIMARY CARE E-Resource January, 2014 BIPOLAR DISORDER IN PRIMARY CARE Mood Disorder Questionnaire Common Comorbidities Evaluation of Patients with BPD Management of BPD in Primary Care Patient resource Patients with

More information

Self-Esteem and Mental Health. Chapter 3. Contents

Self-Esteem and Mental Health. Chapter 3. Contents Self-Esteem and Mental Health Contents Section 1 Building Your Self-Esteem Section 2 Using Good Communication Skills Section 3 Mental and Emotional Health Section 4 Understanding Mental Disorders Section

More information

A Sierra Tucson Publication. An Introduction to Mood Disorders & Treatment Options

A Sierra Tucson Publication. An Introduction to Mood Disorders & Treatment Options A Sierra Tucson Publication An Introduction to Mood Disorders & Treatment Options 0 Introduction The term mood disorder refers to a category that includes the following mental health issues: Anxiety Disorders

More information

Understanding Mental Illness Healing Friends Training Module 1

Understanding Mental Illness Healing Friends Training Module 1 Understanding Mental Illness Healing Friends Training Module 1 Objectives To know the myths about mental illness To know the causes of mental illness To have a basic knowledge of common mental illnesses

More information

Schizophrenia National Institute of Mental Health

Schizophrenia National Institute of Mental Health Schizophrenia National Institute of Mental Health U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Schizophrenia Do you know someone who seems like he or she has lost touch with

More information

The treatment of depression in children and young people. Issue date: September 2005

The treatment of depression in children and young people. Issue date: September 2005 Issue date: September 2005 The treatment of depression in children and Understanding NICE guidance information for children and young with depression, their families and carers, and the public Information

More information

Delusions are false beliefs that are not part of their real-life. The person keeps on believing his delusions even when other people prove that the be

Delusions are false beliefs that are not part of their real-life. The person keeps on believing his delusions even when other people prove that the be Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder which affects the whole person s day-to-day actions, for example, thinking, feeling and behavior. It usually starts between

More information

Schizophrenia. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available.

Schizophrenia. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available. What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a commonly misunderstood condition,

More information

What Are the Symptoms of Depression?

What Are the Symptoms of Depression? Lately, Lindsay hasn t felt like herself. Her friends have noticed it, too. Kia was surprised when Lindsay turned down her invitation to go shopping last Saturday (she always loves to shop). There was

More information

Brief Review of Common Mental Illnesses and Treatment

Brief Review of Common Mental Illnesses and Treatment Brief Review of Common Mental Illnesses and Treatment Presentations to the Joint Subcommittee to Study Mental Health Services in the 21st Century September 9, 2014 Jack Barber, M.D. Medical Director Virginia

More information

Introduction to bipolar disorder

Introduction to bipolar disorder Introduction to bipolar disorder Bipolar I is when the individual experiences manic episodes when high as well as episodes of depression Bipolar II is when the individual experiences hypomanic episodes

More information

Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too.

Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too. The Family Library DEPRESSION What is depression? Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too. Also called

More information

Psychotic Disorders. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com mhff0101 Last reviewed: 01/10/2013 1

Psychotic Disorders. 1995-2013, The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com mhff0101 Last reviewed: 01/10/2013 1 Psychotic Disorders Introduction Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal thinking and perceptions. These disorders cause people to lose touch with reality. As a result, people

More information

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS c c FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS CHILD MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR PROTECTION OF CHILD RIGHTS, 5 th FLOOR, CHANDERLOK BUILDING, 36 JANPATH, NEW DELHI-llOOOl What is Mental Health? The World

More information

Anxiety and depression in men

Anxiety and depression in men Anxiety and depression in men Summary Anxiety and depression in men are common and treatable. Anxiety and depression are illnesses, not weaknesses, and effective treatments are available. Taking action

More information

Depression Definition

Depression Definition Depression Definition Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel this way at one time or another for short periods. Clinical depression

More information

Grief and Loss. Grief and Loss. Is There Any Way to Avoid Grief? The Phases of Grief. Washington State Employee Assistance Program

Grief and Loss. Grief and Loss. Is There Any Way to Avoid Grief? The Phases of Grief. Washington State Employee Assistance Program Olympia (360) 407-9490 Toll free (877) 313-4455 Grief and Loss We encounter many traumatic and painful losses throughout our lifetime the death of a family member or friend, illness or injury, the loss

More information

Revised 7/05. Copyright 2005 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital www.stjude.org Page 1 of 6

Revised 7/05. Copyright 2005 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital www.stjude.org Page 1 of 6 Antidepressants are drugs used, most often, to treat depression. Depression is a complex illness that involves sad and hopeless feelings that do not go away. Doctors sometimes order these drugs for other

More information

Dr Steve Moss BSc MSc Phd, Consultant Research Psychologist attached to the Estia Centre, Guys Hospital, London.

Dr Steve Moss BSc MSc Phd, Consultant Research Psychologist attached to the Estia Centre, Guys Hospital, London. INFORMATION SHEET Mental health problems in people with learning disabilities Dr Steve Moss BSc MSc Phd, Consultant Research Psychologist attached to the Estia Centre, Guys Hospital, London. In the whole

More information

Worried about someone s mental health?

Worried about someone s mental health? Worried about someone s mental health? This factsheet can help you if you are worried about the mental health of a friend, relative or loved one. It explains what you can do and where to go to get help

More information

Information on Grief and loss

Information on Grief and loss Children who have lost someone close to them experience grief over the days and months, and to a lesser degree, the years that follow. Children will show their grief from an early age, but it is likely

More information

Depression Signs & Symptoms

Depression Signs & Symptoms Depression Signs & Symptoms Contents What Is Depression? What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Depression? How Do The Signs And Symptoms Of Depression Differ In Different Groups? What Are The Different Types

More information

Mental Health Issues. Supporting Disabled Members in the workplace. Mental Health Problems

Mental Health Issues. Supporting Disabled Members in the workplace. Mental Health Problems Supporting Disabled Members in the workplace Mental Health Issues This briefing has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with mental health issues. Mental health problems include stress,

More information

Suicide

Suicide Suicide Ethan felt like there was no point going on with life. Things had been tough since his mom died. His dad was working two jobs and seemed frazzled and angry most of the time. Whenever he and Ethan

More information

Coping with Caring: Reducing Stress and Improving Your Quality of Life 1

Coping with Caring: Reducing Stress and Improving Your Quality of Life 1 Leader Version Coping with Caring: Reducing Stress and Improving Your Quality of Life 1 1 Adapted from original (Delores Gallagher-Thompson and colleagues, Stanford University School of Medicine, 2002)

More information

TAKING CHARGE OF. Depression

TAKING CHARGE OF. Depression TAKING CHARGE OF Depression You can take charge of depression. There are three steps to help you take charge: Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Understand depression. Get help. Take action. You re Not Alone 2 More

More information

Depression in Children and Adolescents

Depression in Children and Adolescents PARENT SERIES University of Kansas, Clinical Child Psychology Program Parent Series Editor: Carolyn S. Schroeder, Ph.D., ABPP Depression in Children and Adolescents Jonathan L. Poquiz, M.A. and Andrew

More information

PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES AND HIV/AIDS. TIHAN Training for Care & Support Volunteers

PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES AND HIV/AIDS. TIHAN Training for Care & Support Volunteers PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES AND HIV/AIDS TIHAN Training for Care & Support Volunteers WHAT IS PSYCHOSOCIAL? Psychology + Sociology Psychosocial development is how a person's mind, emotions, and maturity level

More information

Depression Overview. Symptoms

Depression Overview. Symptoms 1 of 6 6/3/2014 10:15 AM Return to Web version Depression Overview What is depression? When doctors talk about depression, they mean the medical illness called major depression. Someone who has major depression

More information

Emotional Issues after Childhood Cancer

Emotional Issues after Childhood Cancer Emotional Issues after Childhood Cancer THE CANCER EXPERIENCE Diagnosis and Treatment Diagnosis and treatment are difficult times for children with cancer and their families. During diagnosis, children

More information

Depression in Older Adults. You Are Not Alone! Feeling sad or lonely is not a part of aging. There is hope! LEARN MORE + TAKE ACTION

Depression in Older Adults. You Are Not Alone! Feeling sad or lonely is not a part of aging. There is hope! LEARN MORE + TAKE ACTION Depression in Older Adults. You Are Not Alone! LEARN MORE + TAKE ACTION Feeling sad or lonely is not a part of aging Being a senior can be a time of great joy, and great losses. These years do not have

More information

What to do when a Colleague is depressed

What to do when a Colleague is depressed What to do when a Colleague is depressed 1. Find Out More About Depression. What is depression? Depression is more than the blues or the blahs; it is more than the normal, everyday ups and downs. When

More information

Early Intervention in Psychosis (EIP) Information for Carers, Families and Friends

Early Intervention in Psychosis (EIP) Information for Carers, Families and Friends Early Intervention in Psychosis (EIP) Information for Carers, Families and Friends Welcome to the Early Intervention Service We understand that having involvement with mental health services can be a confusing

More information

Lately Lindsay hasn't felt like herself. Her friends have noticed it, too. Kia was surprised when

Lately Lindsay hasn't felt like herself. Her friends have noticed it, too. Kia was surprised when Depression Is Common Lately Lindsay hasn't felt like herself. Her friends have noticed it, too. Kia was surprised when Lindsay turned down her invitation to go to the mall last Saturday. There was really

More information

Depression in Women. National Institute of Mental Health

Depression in Women. National Institute of Mental Health Depression in Women National Institute of Mental Health Large-print Version Do you feel very tired, helpless, and hopeless? Are you sad most of the time, and take no pleasure in your family, friends, or

More information

Behavioral Health Consulting Services, LLC

Behavioral Health Consulting Services, LLC www.bhcsct.org infohealth@bhcsct.org 46 West Avon Road 322 Main St. 530 Middlebury Road Suite 202 Suite 1-G Suite 103 B Avon, CT 06001 Willimantic, CT 06226 Middlebury, CT 06762 Office phone- 1-860-673-0145

More information

Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT?

Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT? Taking Care: Child and Youth Mental Health ANXIETY WHAT IS IT? Open Learning Agency 2004 WHAT IS IT? Anxiety is a normal human feeling characterized by worry, nervousness and fear. Not only does anxiety

More information

Mid Essex. Specialist Psychosis Service

Mid Essex. Specialist Psychosis Service Mid Essex Specialist Psychosis Service What is psychosis? Why have you been referred to us? Psychosis is general term used to describe a number of symptoms. Some of the symptoms of psychosis include: False

More information

GUIDANCE FOR CAREGIVERS: CHILDREN OR TEENS WHO HAD A LOVED ONE DIE IN THE EARTHQUAKE

GUIDANCE FOR CAREGIVERS: CHILDREN OR TEENS WHO HAD A LOVED ONE DIE IN THE EARTHQUAKE GUIDANCE FOR CAREGIVERS: CHILDREN OR TEENS WHO HAD A LOVED ONE DIE IN THE EARTHQUAKE Introduction to trauma The earthquake was a terrifying disaster for adults, children, families, and communities. The

More information

Bereavement. Coping with. Counselling Service. Student Counselling Service 20 Laurie Grove T

Bereavement. Coping with. Counselling Service. Student Counselling Service 20 Laurie Grove T Counselling Service Coping with Bereavement Student Counselling Service 20 Laurie Grove T 020 7919 7472 msc01cs@gold.ac.uk Goldsmiths, University of London New Cross London SE14 6NW T 020 7919 7774 F 020

More information

FACT SHEET 4: Mental Health 1

FACT SHEET 4: Mental Health 1 FACT SHEET 4: Mental Health 1 WHAT IS MENTAL HEALTH? Mental health is the health of our emotions and thinking. It is as important as our physical health. Our mental health effects how we see the world.

More information

Depression Assessment & Treatment

Depression Assessment & Treatment Depressive Symptoms? Administer depression screening tool: PSC Depression Assessment & Treatment Yes Positive screen Safety Screen (see Appendix): Administer every visit Neglect/Abuse? Thoughts of hurting

More information

Older Adults and Depression

Older Adults and Depression Older Adults and Depression Do you feel very tired, helpless and hopeless? Are you sad most of the time and take no pleasure in your family, friends, or hobbies? Are you having trouble working, sleeping,

More information

Management of depression in young people

Management of depression in young people Management of depression in young people A guide for primary care health professionals For young people not in immediate danger of suicidal behaviour, management of major depressive disorder is likely

More information

Antidepressant Medicines

Antidepressant Medicines Antidepressant Medicines UHN Information for patients and families Read this booklet to learn: what antidepressant medicines are how they work possible side effects important points to remember The name

More information

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Introduction Obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD, is a type of anxiety disorder. OCD causes repeated upsetting thoughts called obsessions. To try and get rid of these

More information

A story of bipolar disorder

A story of bipolar disorder A story of bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness) Does this sound like you? D E P A R T M E N T O F H E A L T H A N D H U M A N S E R V I C E S P U B L I C H E A L T H S E R V I C E N A T I O N A

More information

Psychological treatments for Anxiety and Depression

Psychological treatments for Anxiety and Depression Psychological treatments for Anxiety and Depression Katy Grazebrook Clinical Lead, Greenwich Time To Talk Consultant Clinical Psychologist Wednesday 18 March 2015 Plan of the presentation Summary of NICE

More information

Drugs PSYCHOSIS. Depression. Stress Medical Illness. Mania. Schizophrenia

Drugs PSYCHOSIS. Depression. Stress Medical Illness. Mania. Schizophrenia Drugs Stress Medical Illness PSYCHOSIS Depression Schizophrenia Mania Disorders In preschool children imaginary friends and belief in monsters under the bed is normal (it may be normal in older developmentally

More information

CRITERIA CHECKLIST. Serious Mental Illness (SMI)

CRITERIA CHECKLIST. Serious Mental Illness (SMI) Serious Mental Illness (SMI) SMI determination is based on the age of the individual, functional impairment, duration of the disorder and the diagnoses. Adults must meet all of the following five criteria:

More information

Teen Depression: A Guide for People in the Lives of Youth

Teen Depression: A Guide for People in the Lives of Youth (Copied from http://helpguide.org/mental/depression_teen.htm -- May 2010) Authors: Melinda Smith, M.A., and Suzanne Barston, with contributions by Jeanne Segal, Ph.D. Helping a depressed teenager If you

More information

MENTAL ILLNESS IN YOUR FAMILY

MENTAL ILLNESS IN YOUR FAMILY MENTAL ILLNESS IN YOUR FAMILY IF SOMEONE IN YOUR FAMILY IS MENTALLY ILL, THIS BOOKLET MAY HELP YOU. IT MIGHT BE YOUR MUM OR DAD, BROTHER, SISTER, GRANDPARENT, AUNT OR UNCLE WHO IS NOT WELL. MENTAL ILLNESS

More information

Keynote Session 1 Navigating Teenage Depression Prof. Gordon Parker

Keynote Session 1 Navigating Teenage Depression Prof. Gordon Parker Keynote Session 1 Navigating Teenage Depression Prof. Gordon Parker Professor Gordon Parker is a leading international expert on depression and mood disorders. He is Scientia Professor of Psychiatry at

More information

Electroconvulsive Therapy - ECT

Electroconvulsive Therapy - ECT Electroconvulsive Therapy - ECT Introduction Electroconvulsive therapy, or ECT, is a safe and effective treatment that may reduce symptoms related to depression or mental illness. During ECT, certain parts

More information

Rose, I know what you mean. I felt that way, too, for a long time like, will the cancer come back if I m not taking any medicine?

Rose, I know what you mean. I felt that way, too, for a long time like, will the cancer come back if I m not taking any medicine? [TRACK 5: SURVIVOR STORIES: EMOTIONAL ASPECTS OF CANCER] Alexa, Marguerita, Lyrio, and Elena are all survivors who have been meeting together in a support group for over a year. Some of them began to meet

More information

LOSS. Dealing with LOSS

LOSS. Dealing with LOSS LOSS Dealing with LOSS Loss Grief is a natural response to loss. It s the emotional suffering you feel when something or someone you love is taken away. You may associate grief with the death of a loved

More information

anger Part of the Plainer Language Series

anger Part of the Plainer Language Series Part of the Plainer Language Series www.heretohelp.bc.ca Anger is a normal feeling. We all feel angry sometimes. Different people feel and show in different ways. Anger can mean: We cannot get something

More information

A story of bipolar disorder

A story of bipolar disorder A story of bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness) Does this sound like you? D E P A R T M E N T O F H E A L T H A N D H U M A N S E R V I C E S P U B L I C H E A L T H S E R V I C E N A T I O N A

More information

BRIEF NOTES ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

BRIEF NOTES ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS BRIEF NOTES ON THE MENTAL HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS The future of our country depends on the mental health and strength of our young people. However, many children have mental health problems

More information

This factsheet covers:

This factsheet covers: Depression This factsheet might be useful to you if you have depression or if you think you might have depression. It gives information on the symptoms and causes of depression, as well as the treatments

More information

Stories of depression

Stories of depression Stories of depression Does this sound like you? D E P A R T M E N T O F H E A L T H A N D H U M A N S E R V I C E S P U B L I C H E A L T H S E R V I C E N A T I O N A L I N S T I T U T E S O F H E A L

More information

opiates alcohol 27 opiates and alcohol 30 April 2016 drug addiction signs 42 Ranked #1 123 Drug Rehab Centers in New Jersey 100 Top 10 380

opiates alcohol 27 opiates and alcohol 30 April 2016 drug addiction signs 42 Ranked #1 123 Drug Rehab Centers in New Jersey 100 Top 10 380 opiates alcohol 27 opiates and alcohol 30 April 2016 drug addiction signs 42 ed #1 123 Drug Rehab Centers in New Jersey 100 Top 10 380 effects of alcohol in the brain 100 Top 30 698 heroin addiction 100

More information

REFERRAL INFORMATION CHILD, YOUTH AND FAMILY PROGRAM

REFERRAL INFORMATION CHILD, YOUTH AND FAMILY PROGRAM Please Note the following information: WE DO NOT OFFER EMERGENCY OR CRISIS SERVICE Please print clearly and ensure contact information is correct. Complete all forms. We will contact the family to set

More information

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD Introduction Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is a common disorder in which a person experiences disabling anxiety after a traumatic event. People with PTSD

More information

Because it s important to know as much as you can.

Because it s important to know as much as you can. About DEPRESSION Because it s important to know as much as you can. This booklet is designed to help you understand depression and the things you can do every day to help manage it. Taking your medicine

More information

DEPRESSION MANAGEMENT

DEPRESSION MANAGEMENT SOUTH COAST PRIVATE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM southcoastprivate.com.au Your care in our hands Depression is a real and treatable illness and you have as much right to ask for help as anyone with an obvious physical

More information

Grief and Loss. A fact sheet produced by the Mental Health Information Service

Grief and Loss. A fact sheet produced by the Mental Health Information Service Grief and Loss A fact sheet produced by the Mental Health Information Service When Someone You Love Dies Grief is painful and at times seems bottomless. The purpose of the information here is to help you

More information

Self Care Training Manual. Module 5: long term conditions - the journey

Self Care Training Manual. Module 5: long term conditions - the journey Self Care Training Manual Module 5: long term conditions - the journey 1 The number of people living with long term health conditions in the United Kingdom is rising. This means the people new types of

More information

Mental Health Awareness. Haley Berry and Nic Roberts Nottinghamshire Mind Network

Mental Health Awareness. Haley Berry and Nic Roberts Nottinghamshire Mind Network Mental Health Awareness 2015 Haley Berry and Nic Roberts Nottinghamshire Mind Network The aim of this training:! to provide you with a basic understanding of mental health and mental illness. What do you

More information

Anxiety Disorders: An Exceptionally Common Set of Mental Health Disorders. Panic attacks are characteristic of all anxiety disorders 3/6/2009

Anxiety Disorders: An Exceptionally Common Set of Mental Health Disorders. Panic attacks are characteristic of all anxiety disorders 3/6/2009 Anxiety Disorders: An Exceptionally Common Set of Mental Health Disorders Ann R. Poindexter, M.D. Anxiety disorders are extremely common in the general population, as well as in people with developmental

More information

`çããçå=jéåí~ä= aáëçêçéêëw=^åñáéíó=~åç= aééêéëëáçå. aêk=`=f=lâçåü~ jéçáå~ä=aáêéåíçê lñäé~ë=kep=cçìåç~íáçå=qêìëí=

`çããçå=jéåí~ä= aáëçêçéêëw=^åñáéíó=~åç= aééêéëëáçå. aêk=`=f=lâçåü~ jéçáå~ä=aáêéåíçê lñäé~ë=kep=cçìåç~íáçå=qêìëí= `çããçå=jéåí~ä= aáëçêçéêëw=^åñáéíó=~åç= aééêéëëáçå aêk=`=f=lâçåü~ jéçáå~ä=aáêéåíçê lñäé~ë=kep=cçìåç~íáçå=qêìëí= Overview: Common Mental What are they? Disorders Why are they important? How do they affect

More information

Personality Difficulties

Personality Difficulties Personality Difficulties The essential features of a personality disorder are impairments in personality (self and interpersonal) functioning and the presence of pathological personality traits. There

More information