Understanding Atrial Fibrillation

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Understanding Atrial Fibrillation"

Transcription

1 Cardiovascular Center Understanding Atrial Fibrillation Diagnosis, management and follow-up

2 Understanding Atrial Fibrillation CONTENTS 4 Diagnosis 8 Cardiac Catheter Ablation 9 What to Expect Prior to Your Cardiac Ablation 13 Preparing for Your Catheter Ablation Procedure 14 The Catheter Ablation Process 18 What to Expect After Your Cardiac Ablation 19 Follow-Up Care 21 Contact US

3 The following information is intended to help you better understand the diagnosis and treatment for atrial fibrillation. It is important to read through all of the information carefully and discuss any further questions you may have with your doctor. DIAGNOSIS What is Atrial Fibrillation? Atrial fibrillation (also called AF or A Fib) is a common heart rhythm disorder caused by an electrical system problem in the upper chambers (atria) of the heart. Cells in the atria send out extra electrical signals. These extra signals make the atria beat very quickly and unevenly. When this happens, the atria beat so fast and unevenly that they may quiver instead of contract. If the atria don t contract, they don t move enough blood into the bottom portion of the heart (ventricle). Atrial fibrillation is a serious condition since it affects the heart s ability to fill with blood normally. However, with treatment and close monitoring, it can be controlled. Atrial fibrillation may occur from time-to-time, or may be constant. More than 2 million people in the U.S. have A Fib, and about 160,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. What are the Symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation? Common symptoms include palpitations (a fluttering heartbeat), dizziness, weakness or tiredness, chest pain or tightness, or shortness of breath. What causes Atrial Fibrillation? Many times the cause of atrial fibrillation is unknown but possible risk factors include: heart * 4 * * 5 *

4 What Does a Diagnosis of Atrial Fibrillation Mean? If you are diagnosed with A Fib, you could have an increased risk of: Stroke to force open the heart valves that pass blood from the atrium to the ventricle. Blood that isn t kept moving can pool and form clots in the atria. These clots can move into other parts of the body and cause serious problems, such as a stroke. Heart Failure or Heart Muscle Disease Atrial fibrillation is associated with a decline in heart function and worsening of heart failure symptoms. Sometimes A Fib can damage the heart muscle and change the normal electrical signals to the heart. Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation Multiple treatments for atrial fibrillation work together to prevent blood clots from forming, control heart rate and restore a normal heart rhythm. The goal of treatment is to reduce the risk of stroke and heart failure as well as to improve the quality of life. Treatment Includes: Blood-thinning medication. Warfarin (Coumadin ) is common. Taking Coumadin thins your blood and prevents blood clots from forming. Heart rate medication. Medications can work to either restore normal heart rhythm or control heart rate by reducing the number of electrical signals transmitted to the heart. The heart is then able to pump more efficiently. Lifestyle modifications. caffeine, tobacco or alcohol can cause arrhythmias. Your physician may ask you to stop taking/using substances believed to be causing the problem. Cardioversion. This procedure attempts to restore normal heart rhythm by sending a perfectly timed electrical shock to the heart, causing all the heart cells to contract at once. All electrical activity in the heart stops for a brief moment. When it resumes the normal heart rhythm is restored. Cardiac Catheter Ablation. (destroy) small areas of heart tissue that contain irregular electrical pathways. In this procedure, doctors direct a catheter, a thin tube, through blood vessels toward the heart and close to the area containing the abnormal pathway. Heat energy is then passed through it, heating the tip of the catheter and destroying the small area of tissue. * 6 * * 7 *

5 CARDIAC CATHETER ABLATION Cardiac ablation is a relatively non-invasive procedure that involves inserting catheters into a blood vessel, often through a site in the groin or neck, and threading the wire up to ablate (destroy) small areas of heart tissue that contain irregular electrical pathways. In this procedure, the catheter is directed toward the heart and close to the area containing the abnormal pathway. Once the damaged site is confirmed, energy is used to destroy a small amount of tissue, ending the disturbance of electrical flow through the heart and restoring a healthy heart rhythm. If you have been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation and your physician has recommended a cardiac ablation procedure as treatment, there are several steps to the ablation process any questions you may have about the procedure with your physician. WHAT TO EXPECT PRIOR TO YOUR CARDIAC ABLATION Is Testing Prior to My Ablation Required? Some testing may be required prior to your ablation procedure. Your doctor will let you know which tests you will need, if any. Testing requirements will vary for each patient. Tests that may be needed include: What is a Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)? detailed images of your organs and tissues with the use of radio waves your heart, especially in your left upper chamber (atrium). It provides us with baseline images prior to the procedure, as well as ruling out post- pulmonary vein anatomy and the percentage of scarring in the left atrium. Prior to MRI * 8 * * 9 *

6 notify your ordering physician. You will need a 13-hour medication notify your ordering physician. During MRI you as comfortable as possible by placing a cushion under your knees and providing a ball you can squeeze in your hand to alert the tech. instructions on breathing during certain parts of the scan (breath in, breath out, and hold). After MRI for your ablation. If your ordering physician determines you are unable to have a cardiac which is also a non-invasive, painless test. What is a Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)? a test that allows your doctor to record images of your heart from inside your esophagus, or food pipe. This test is done to look for blood clots in your heart and needs to be dure. If there is a clot found in your heart, your ablation procedure will be rescheduled. Allow one to two hours from your arrival to the time you can leave. Before Your TEE and ask if it s OK to take them before the test. the test. This includes water. hiatal hernia, or problems swallowing. Also, let him or her know of any allergies to any medications or sedatives. home after the exam. During Your TEE will change into a hospital gown, and then be taken to the testing room. * 10 * * 11 *

7 anesthetic to numb it. You may be given a mild sedative through an help you relax. You may also be given oxygen. Then you ll be asked to lie on your left side. into your mouth. As you swallow, the tube is slowly guided into your esophagus. The tube is lubricated to help it slide easily. probe, but it shouldn t hurt or interfere with your breathing. A nurse monitors your heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing. The test usually takes After the Test ablation procedure, you can eat and drink again when your throat is no longer numb. to drive you home after the test is complete. PREPARING FOR YOUR CATHETER ABLATION PROCEDURE What Do I Need to Do the Night Before and the Day of My Ablation Procedure? The Night Before your ablation. The Day Of with a small sip of water. to store them in. What Do I Need to Bring the Day of My Ablation? The list should include the drug name, the dose and how often you take it. * 12 * * 13 *

8 THE CATHETER ABLATION PROCESS What can I expect the day of my procedure? Getting Started provide medications and fluids that you will need during the procedure. be placed in your bladder to drain urine during the procedure and in recovery. The groin area and neck will be shaved as needed to place the catheters (narrow, flexible wires). We will also be placing multiple patches on your chest and back to monitor your heart rhythm. From here, you will be moved into the procedure room and moved to an x-ray table. The room will be cold but we will do everything possible to make you comfortable and place some warm blankets over you to keep you warm. The patches on your chest and back will be connected to a machine. We will also monitor your blood pressure and oxygen level. To keep the catheter insertion sites sterile, your body will be covered with a sterile drape and another will rest on your head, allowing you to still see the nurse. Only the area where the catheters are inserted is exposed. keep you comfortable. You will be sleepy but not unconscious. The Procedure The doctor will use several catheters to start your arrhythmia to create an electrical map of the heart. This map helps the doctor identify what type of arrhythmia you have and where the problem is so they can locate and ablate, or destroy, the problem cells. After ablating the problem cells with energy, the doctor tries to start your arrhythmia again. If a fast, irregular rhythm can t be started, ablation was successful. If an irregular rhythm starts again, more ablation is needed. Inserting the Catheters The skin where the catheters will be inserted is numbed with a local anesthetic so you won t feel pain, although you will feel pressure. A small needle is used to make punctures in your veins or artery. If at any time you feel pain in the groin area, let the more numbing medicine. Multiple catheters are then inserted through these puncture sites and guided to the heart with the help of x-ray monitors. Two catheters, the mapping catheter and ablation catheter, are placed in the right * 14 * * 15 *

9 femoral vein. The mapping catheter locates where the abnormal signals are coming from system so we can identify the locations that need to be ablated. The ablation catheter is used to deliver the radiofrequency energy to create lesions, disrupting the abnormal signals. You may feel some discomfort during this part of the ablation. One catheter, the intracardiac echo, is placed in the left femoral vein and one catheter is placed in the neck. The intracardiac echocardiography is a special viewing device used to view the left atrium using ultrasound during the procedure. The total ablation procedure takes two to six hours. not to move or take deep breaths while the doctor is ablating. This is important to ensure we are ablating the appropriate areas. After Your Procedure When the procedure is finished, all the catheters will be withdrawn and pressure will be applied to the insertion sites. You will need to remain still for four to six hours to ensure that the bleeding has stopped and the incisions are healing properly. After your procedure, you will be admitted to the hospital overnight. You will need to stay in the hospital for at least 23 hours after the procedure for observation. Your doctor may give you a prescription before you leave the hospital. You may fill prescriptions at your regular pharmacy or the hospital pharmacy. If you would like to fill your prescriptions at the hospital, please remember to have your insurance card(s) with you as well as some form of payment. Ablation Risks Although the risks of catheter ablation are fairly low, it is important to discuss the possibilities with your doctor before the procedure. Such risks include esophageal fistula, perforation, bleeding, stroke, pulmonary vein narrowing, groin complications and pneumothorax. procedure will help us monitor and evaluate inflammation (swelling) and can rule out esophageal fistula. * 16 * * 17 *

10 WHAT TO EXPECT AFTER YOUR CARDIAC ABLATION What Are Common Symptoms After Ablation? The ablated tissue takes approximately six to eight weeks to heal and ar- unusual to require anti-arrhythmic medications or other treatment. You may experience the following symptoms: When Should I Contact My Doctor? Contact your doctor if you experience any of the following: insertion site. Will I Have Any Activity Restrictions After My Ablation? Activity Guidelines: (A gallon of milk is about 10 pounds). FOLLOW-UP CARE After your procedure, your doctor needs to see you in three months, six months and one year for follow-up appointments. What Can I Expect at My Three- Month Appointment? Before this appointment, you will need to Preventive Cardiology will set up these appointments for you before you are discharged from the hospital. holter monitor. What Can I Expect at My Six-Month and One Year Appointments? * 18 * * 19 *

11 What is an Eight-Day Holter Monitor? At your three month, six month and one year follow up appointments, you will be given an eight-day holter monitor. This will monitor episodes of atrial fibrillation after the heart tissue has healed. It will continuously record for eight days and must be worn at all times except when showering. After returning the monitor, your results will be ready in about two to your doctor may decide to stop your Coumadin. What is an Event Monitor? Before you leave the hospital, you will be given a cardiac event monitor this monitor for 60 days to monitor your heart while you are healing. It is designed to monitor and record any abnormal heart rhythms and has a button you can push to manually record your heart rhythm if you feel anything unusual. You will then send these recordings via phone to the monitor company who will put the recordings onto a secure website for your doctor to monitor. If your doctor sees any abnormal reports he will contact you. You will have three responsibilities while wearing an event monitor: every other day. Keep the monitor on at all times except when you company, if you need more stickers. Their phone number is You may also need to push the button to manually record your heart rhythm if your monitor has not recorded automatically. 3. Transmit all recordings by phone (you must use a land line, cell at least two to three times per week, even if your monitor has not recorded automatically. The monitor will be explained to you in detail before you leave the hospital. At the end of 60 days, you will mail your monitor back to the distribution center (an envelope will be provided for you). CONTACT US: Cardiovascular Center University of Utah Hospital Getting to the Hospital From the Salt Lake International Airport: Take eastbound I-80 to the 600 South exit. The exit will put you on eastbound 600 South. Follow Turn right and proceed east on 100 South for two miles. When you reach University of Utah Hospital. * 20 * * 21 *

12 From I-15 northbound: Take the 600 South exit and go east. Follow 600 right and proceed east on 100 South for two miles. When you reach the sity of Utah Hospital. Notes From I-15 southbound: Turn left and proceed northbound to 100 South. Turn right and proceed east on 100 South for two miles. When you reach the University of Utah For maps, visit: * 22 * * 23 *

13 Cardiovascular Center 30 N E., Room 4A100 Salt Lake City, Utah (801) * 24 * healthcare.utah.edu/cardiovascular

ATRIAL FIBRILLATION ABLATION

ATRIAL FIBRILLATION ABLATION ATRIAL FIBRILLATION ABLATION WHAT IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a rapid and irregular rhythm disturbance of the upper chambers of the (atria) heart overriding the normal heart pacemaker.

More information

Atrioventricular (AV) node ablation

Atrioventricular (AV) node ablation Patient information factsheet Atrioventricular (AV) node ablation The normal electrical system of the heart The heart has its own electrical conduction system. The conduction system sends signals throughout

More information

Understanding Atrial Fibrillation

Understanding Atrial Fibrillation Understanding Atrial Fibrillation WHAT IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? Your doctor has determined that you have atrial fibrillation (AF), a common disturbance of the heart s rhythm. This pamphlet will answer many

More information

Atrial Fibrillation Ablation. This handout will help you learn about atrial fibrillation ablation, also called pulmonary vein isolation.

Atrial Fibrillation Ablation. This handout will help you learn about atrial fibrillation ablation, also called pulmonary vein isolation. This handout will help you learn about atrial fibrillation ablation, also called pulmonary vein isolation. 2 Atrial Fibrillation Ablation How does the heart work? To understand atrial fibrillation, you

More information

Electrophysiology study (EPS)

Electrophysiology study (EPS) Patient information factsheet Electrophysiology study (EPS) The normal electrical system of the heart The heart has its own electrical conduction system. The conduction system sends signals throughout

More information

The science of medicine. The compassion to heal.

The science of medicine. The compassion to heal. A PATIENT S GUIDE TO ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY STUDIES OF THE HEART The science of medicine. The compassion to heal. This teaching booklet is designed to introduce you to electrophysiology studies of the heart.

More information

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) and Ablation

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) and Ablation UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) and Ablation Treating your abnormal heart rhythm This handout describes a type of abnormal heart rhythm called supraventricular tachycardia.

More information

A normal adult heart beats in a regular pattern 60 to 100 times a minute; this is called sinus rhythm. Left atrium. Left ventricle.

A normal adult heart beats in a regular pattern 60 to 100 times a minute; this is called sinus rhythm. Left atrium. Left ventricle. Patient information factsheet Ablation procedure The normal electrical system of the heart The heart has its own electrical conduction system. The conduction system sends signals throughout the upper chambers

More information

Atrioventricular (AV) Node Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation/Flutter

Atrioventricular (AV) Node Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation/Flutter Atrioventricular (AV) Node Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation/Flutter What is atrial fibrillation? Normally your heart has a regular beat called normal sinus rhythm. When you have atrial fibrillation or

More information

Atrial Fibrillation and Catheter Ablation

Atrial Fibrillation and Catheter Ablation 2009 Atrial Fibrillation and Catheter Ablation Atrial Fibrillation and Catheter Ablation What is Atrial Fibrillation? With atrial fibrillation the heart does not beat in the way it should. The main pumping

More information

Pulmonary Vein Isolation Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

Pulmonary Vein Isolation Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Pulmonary Vein Isolation Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Vancouver General Hospital Atrial Fibrillation Clinic 899 West 12th Avenue Vancouver BC V5Z 1M9 Tel: 604-875-4111 Your doctor has offered you an

More information

Catheter Ablation. A Guided Approach for Treating Atrial Arrhythmias

Catheter Ablation. A Guided Approach for Treating Atrial Arrhythmias Catheter Ablation A Guided Approach for Treating Atrial Arrhythmias A P A T I E N T H A N D B O O K This brochure will provide an overview of atrial arrhythmias (heart rhythm problems affecting the upper

More information

Radio Frequency (RF) Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

Radio Frequency (RF) Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Northwestern Memorial Hospital Patient Education TESTS AND PROCEDURES If you have any questions or concerns, please ask your doctor or nurse. Radio Frequency (RF) Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation An RF

More information

Tachyarrhythmias (fast heart rhythms)

Tachyarrhythmias (fast heart rhythms) Patient information factsheet Tachyarrhythmias (fast heart rhythms) The normal electrical system of the heart The heart has its own electrical conduction system. The conduction system sends signals throughout

More information

Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) radiofrequency ablation

Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) radiofrequency ablation Patient information factsheet Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) radiofrequency ablation The normal electrical system of the heart The heart has its own electrical conduction system. The conduction system

More information

What to Know About. Atrial Fibrillation

What to Know About. Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Fibrillation What to Know About Atrial Fibrillation Understanding Afib Atrial fibrillation, or Afib, is a condition in which the heart beats irregularly speeding up or slowing down, or beating too

More information

What Are Arrhythmias?

What Are Arrhythmias? What Are Arrhythmias? Many people have questions about what the word arrhythmia means, and arrhythmias can be a difficult subject to understand. The text below should give you a better understanding of

More information

A Patient Guide to Atrial Fibrillation and Catheter Ablation

A Patient Guide to Atrial Fibrillation and Catheter Ablation A Patient Guide to Atrial Fibrillation and Catheter Ablation Al-Sabah Arrhythmia Institute 1111 Amsterdam Avenue New York, NY 10025 Phone: 212-523-2400 Fax: 212-523-2571 www.stlukescardiology.org Printed

More information

EP and Catheter Ablation

EP and Catheter Ablation EP and Catheter Ablation A Patient's Guide ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY (EP) STUDY AND CATHETER ABLATION A Patient's Guide Your doctor has recommended that you undergo a diagnostic electrophysiology and/or catheter

More information

Atrial Flutter Ablation

Atrial Flutter Ablation Atrial Flutter Ablation Vancouver General Hospital Atrial Fibrillation Clinic 899 West 12th Avenue Vancouver BC V5Z 1M9 Tel: 604-875-4111 Your doctor has offered you an ablation procedure for the treatment

More information

GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION PATIENT INFORMATION GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Atrial Flutter (AFL) Rate and Rhythm Control Stroke Prevention This document is endorsed by: A Comprehensive Resource from the

More information

PATIENT INFORMATION GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

PATIENT INFORMATION GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION PATIENT INFORMATION GUIDE TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION A Comprehensive Resource from the Heart Rhythm Society AF 360 provides a single, trusted resource for the most comprehensive and relevant information and

More information

Electrophysiology Heart Study - EPS -

Electrophysiology Heart Study - EPS - Electrophysiology Heart Study - EPS - What is an EPS? EPS is short for ElectroPhysiology heart Study. This procedure looks at the electrical system of your heart. An EPS will show if you have a heart rhythm

More information

Cardioversion for. Atrial Fibrillation. Your Heart s Electrical System Cardioversion Living with Atrial Fibrillation

Cardioversion for. Atrial Fibrillation. Your Heart s Electrical System Cardioversion Living with Atrial Fibrillation Cardioversion for Atrial Fibrillation Your Heart s Electrical System Cardioversion Living with Atrial Fibrillation When You Have Atrial Fibrillation You ve been told you have a heart condition called atrial

More information

Your Atrial Fibrillation Catheter Ablation

Your Atrial Fibrillation Catheter Ablation UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION Your Atrial Fibrillation Catheter Ablation How to prepare and what to expect This handout explains how to prepare for your catheter ablation to treat atrial fibrillation.

More information

CATHETER ABLATION for PAROXYSMAL ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

CATHETER ABLATION for PAROXYSMAL ATRIAL FIBRILLATION CATHETER ABLATION for PAROXYSMAL ATRIAL FIBRILLATION Vancouver Island Arrhythmia Clinic (VIAC) Dr. Richard Leather, Dr. Larry Sterns, Dr Paul Novak 335-1900 Richmond Ave Victoria, B.C. V8R 4R2 (250) 595-1551

More information

A PATIENT S GUIDE TO CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION

A PATIENT S GUIDE TO CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION A PATIENT S GUIDE TO CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION The science of medicine. The compassion to heal. This teaching booklet is designed to introduce you to cardiac catheterization. In the following pages, we will

More information

What Can I Do about Atrial Fibrillation (AF)?

What Can I Do about Atrial Fibrillation (AF)? Additional Device Information 9529 Reveal XT Insertable Cardiac Monitor The Reveal XT Insertable Cardiac Monitor is an implantable patientactivated and automatically activated monitoring system that records

More information

Atrial Fibrillation Overview for Staff of Community Primary and Specialty Care Providers

Atrial Fibrillation Overview for Staff of Community Primary and Specialty Care Providers Atrial Fibrillation Overview for Staff of Community Primary and Specialty Care Providers Atrial Fibrillation (AF or AFib) Atrial fibrillation (also called AFib or AF) is a quivering or irregular heartbeat

More information

CATHETER ABLATION for ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

CATHETER ABLATION for ATRIAL FIBRILLATION CATHETER ABLATION for ATRIAL FIBRILLATION Atrial Fibrillation Clinic Dr. Richard Leather, Dr. Larry Sterns, Dr Paul Novak, Dr. Chris Lane Royal Jubilee Hospital Block 3 rd floor, Rm 343 1952 Bay Street

More information

Atrial Fibrillation: The heart of the matter

Atrial Fibrillation: The heart of the matter Atrial Fibrillation: The heart of the matter This booklet has been written especially for people with atrial fibrillation (AF), a heart condition often described as an irregular heartbeat (also known

More information

Biventricular internal cardiac defibrillator (ICD) Information for patients

Biventricular internal cardiac defibrillator (ICD) Information for patients Biventricular internal cardiac defibrillator (ICD) Information for patients You have been scheduled to receive a biventricular internal cardiac defibrillator, or ICD. Your procedure is scheduled for: Call

More information

My life has taken a. turn for the better. AF Answers. A Patient Education Handbook on Electrophysiology

My life has taken a. turn for the better. AF Answers. A Patient Education Handbook on Electrophysiology My life has taken a turn for the better. AF Answers A Patient Education Handbook on Electrophysiology My episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF) kept me from fully enjoying what I was accustomed to doing.

More information

Atrial Fibrillation. My follow-up questions: A Patient s Guide to Understanding. sjm.com

Atrial Fibrillation. My follow-up questions: A Patient s Guide to Understanding. sjm.com My follow-up questions: Global Headquarters Cardiac Rhythm One St. Jude Medical Drive Management Division St. Paul, Minnesota 55117 15900 Valley View Court USA Sylmar, California 91342 + 1 651 756 2000

More information

Radiofrequency Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation. A Guide for Adults

Radiofrequency Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation. A Guide for Adults Radiofrequency Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation A Guide for Adults Fast Facts n There are different ways to treat atrial fibrillation (A-fib). One kind of treatment involves putting the heart back into

More information

Atrial Fibrillation. Information for you, and your family, whänau and friends. Published by the New Zealand Guidelines Group

Atrial Fibrillation. Information for you, and your family, whänau and friends. Published by the New Zealand Guidelines Group Atrial Fibrillation Information for you, and your family, whänau and friends Published by the New Zealand Guidelines Group CONTENTS Introduction 1 The heart 2 What is atrial fibrillation? 3 How common

More information

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) March, 2013

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) March, 2013 Atrial Fibrillation (AF) March, 2013 This handout is meant to help with discussions about the condition, and it is not a complete discussion of AF. We hope it will complement your appointment with one

More information

Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac Catheterization Page 1 Cardiac Catheterization What Other Terms Are Used To Describe Cardiac Catheterization? Heart Cath (catheter) Angiogram What Is Cardiac Catheterization? This procedure is nonsurgical and is performed

More information

Supra Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation Patient Information

Supra Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation Patient Information Melbourne Heart Rhythm Supra Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation Patient Information The Heart The heart is a pump responsible for maintaining blood supply to the body. It has four chambers. The two upper

More information

Patient Information Sheet Electrophysiological study

Patient Information Sheet Electrophysiological study Patient Information Sheet Electrophysiological study Your doctor has recommended performing an electrophysiological study (also called EPS). EPS is a diagnostic procedure designed to test and evaluate

More information

Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter

Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter A guide for patients Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter DC Cardioversion AMAZING healthcare What is Atrial Fibrillation (AF)? AF is the most common form of irregular heartbeat and is caused by abnormal electrical

More information

Swedesford Road. Rt 30. Fern Hill Campus. North Hills. Medical Office Building. Montgomery Ave. Market Street Rt 3. The

Swedesford Road. Rt 30. Fern Hill Campus. North Hills. Medical Office Building. Montgomery Ave. Market Street Rt 3. The Swedesford Road Downingtown Physical Rehab < Downingtown Rt 30 Exton Rt 322 Goshen Road Community Radiology at Exton Phoenixville Pike Rt 202 Rt 29 Valley Forge Rt 52 High Street Rt 100 West Chester University

More information

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND FAMILIES A Patient s Guide to Living with Atrial Fibrillation

INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND FAMILIES A Patient s Guide to Living with Atrial Fibrillation INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND FAMILIES A Patient s Guide to Living with Atrial Fibrillation 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8 Canada 416.864.6060 stmichaelshospital.com Form No. XXXXX Dev. XX/XXXX GOALS

More information

X-Plain Heart Valve Replacement Reference Summary

X-Plain Heart Valve Replacement Reference Summary X-Plain Heart Valve Replacement Reference Summary Introduction Sometimes people have serious problems with their heart valves. A heart valve repair or replacement surgery restores or replaces a defective

More information

Understanding and Preparing for a CAtHeteRIZAtIon PRoCeDURe

Understanding and Preparing for a CAtHeteRIZAtIon PRoCeDURe Understanding and Preparing for a CAtHeteRIZAtIon PRoCeDURe The Massachusetts General Hospital Heart Center and Vascular Center welcome you to the Knight Center for Interventional Cardiovascular Therapy.

More information

Department of Cardiology Coronary Angiogram. Patient Information leaflet. Whiston Hospital Warrington Road Prescot L35 5DR

Department of Cardiology Coronary Angiogram. Patient Information leaflet. Whiston Hospital Warrington Road Prescot L35 5DR Department of Cardiology 0151 430 7662 Coronary Angiogram Patient Information leaflet Creation Date August 2009 V2 (Revised May 2015) Review Date May 2018 Produced by Department of Cardiology Whiston Hospital

More information

Direct Current (DC) Cardioversion Information for patients, carers and relatives

Direct Current (DC) Cardioversion Information for patients, carers and relatives Page 1 of 10 Direct Current (DC) Cardioversion for patients, carers and relatives Introduction This leaflet is to inform you about your planned Direct Current (DC) electrical cardioversion. A cardioversion

More information

Module 10. Heart Rhythm Problems

Module 10. Heart Rhythm Problems Module 10 Heart Rhythm Problems The Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA) is a non-profit organization of health care professionals and researchers who are dedicated to enhancing quality and duration

More information

The Patient s Guide to the Electrophysiologic Study (EPS) and Catheter Ablation

The Patient s Guide to the Electrophysiologic Study (EPS) and Catheter Ablation The Patient s Guide to the Electrophysiologic Study (EPS) and Catheter Ablation 2 P a g e Table of Contents Introduction How the Heart Works 3 How the Heart s Electrical System Works 3 Commonly Used Heart

More information

Atrial Fibrillation and Ablation Therapy: A Patient s Guide

Atrial Fibrillation and Ablation Therapy: A Patient s Guide Atrial Fibrillation and Ablation Therapy: A Patient s Guide ATRIAL FIBRILLATION CENTER AT UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER MEDICAL CENTER www.heart.urmc.edu 585-275-4775 INTRODUCTION Our goal at the Atrial Fibrillation

More information

Get your rhythm back.

Get your rhythm back. IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT? Get your rhythm back. ABOUT ARRHYTHMIA If you ve been diagnosed with a cardiac arrhythmia, there has been a change from the normal sequence of electrical impulses in your heart, causing

More information

Patients First. Radiofrequency Ablation (Cardiac) An RF ablation involves inserting several catheters into the heart and locating abnormal pathways.

Patients First. Radiofrequency Ablation (Cardiac) An RF ablation involves inserting several catheters into the heart and locating abnormal pathways. Patient Education TESTS AND PROCEDURES Radiofrequency Ablation (Cardiac) An RF ablation involves inserting several catheters into the heart and locating abnormal pathways. Your doctor has suggested that

More information

Living with. Atrial Fibrillation

Living with. Atrial Fibrillation Living with Atrial Fibrillation U nderstanding Atrial Fibrillation An estimated 2.7 million Americans are living with atrial fibrillation (AF). That makes it the most common heart rhythm abnormality in

More information

Catheter Ablation for Atrial Flutter

Catheter Ablation for Atrial Flutter Catheter Ablation for Atrial Flutter Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Aortic Stenosis. What is heart valve disease? What is aortic stenosis?

UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION. Aortic Stenosis. What is heart valve disease? What is aortic stenosis? UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION Aortic Stenosis Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment This handout describes aortic stenosis, a narrowing of the aortic valve in your heart. It also explains how this

More information

Cardiac Catheterization Lab Procedures

Cardiac Catheterization Lab Procedures UW MEDICINE PATIENT EDUCATION Cardiac Catheterization Lab Procedures This handout describes how cardiac catheterization works. It also explains how to prepare for your procedure and the self-care needed

More information

Treatments to Restore Normal Rhythm

Treatments to Restore Normal Rhythm Treatments to Restore Normal Rhythm In many instances when AF causes significant symptoms or is negatively impacting a patient's health, the major goal of treatment is to restore normal rhythm and prevent

More information

Visited 9/14/2011. What is Atrial Fibrillation? What you need to know about Atrial Fibrillation. The Normal Heart Rhythm. 1 of 7 9/14/2011 10:50 AM

Visited 9/14/2011. What is Atrial Fibrillation? What you need to know about Atrial Fibrillation. The Normal Heart Rhythm. 1 of 7 9/14/2011 10:50 AM 1 of 7 9/14/2011 10:50 AM Current URL: What you need to know about Atrial Fibrillation What is atrial fibrillation? What causes atrial fibrillation? How is atrial fibrillation diagnosed? What are the dangers

More information

Atrial Fibrillation Centre

Atrial Fibrillation Centre About this guide We have prepared this guide to help you to: learn about atrial fibrillation manage atrial fibrillation and reduce the risk of stroke find out about medicines and other treatment options

More information

Catheter Ablation for Ectopic Heartbeats

Catheter Ablation for Ectopic Heartbeats Catheter Ablation for Ectopic Heartbeats Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

An Informative Guide for Heart Catheterization Patients & Families

An Informative Guide for Heart Catheterization Patients & Families An Informative Guide for Heart Catheterization Patients & Families What is a Cardiac Cath? Cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat patients who have various forms of heart disease.

More information

Listen to Your Heart. What Everyone Needs To Know About Atrial Fibrillation & Stroke. The S-ICD System. The protection you need

Listen to Your Heart. What Everyone Needs To Know About Atrial Fibrillation & Stroke. The S-ICD System. The protection you need Listen to Your Heart The S-ICD System What Everyone Needs To Know About Atrial Fibrillation & Stroke The protection you need without Stroke. touching Are you your at heart risk? Increase your knowledge.

More information

Do you have atrial fibrillation? Learn about a new treatment study.

Do you have atrial fibrillation? Learn about a new treatment study. Do you have atrial fibrillation? Learn about a new treatment study. About the amaze Trial If you have persistent Afib (atrial fibrillation), you may benefit from participating in a medical research study

More information

A Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation

A Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation A Patient s Guide to Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation PATIENT EDUCATION GUIDE What is atrial fibrillation? Atrial fibrillation

More information

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Explained

Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Explained James Paget University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Explained Patient Information Contents What are the symptoms of atrial fibrillation (AF)? 3 Normal heartbeat 4 How common

More information

ATRIAL FIBRILLATION WHAT IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION: WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION?

ATRIAL FIBRILLATION WHAT IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION: WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? ATRIAL FIBRILLATION WHAT IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a rapid and irregular rhythm disturbance of the upper chambers of the (atria) heart overriding the normal heart pacemaker. The

More information

Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac Catheterization Thank you for choosing Rose Medical Center for your cardiac care. Our goal is to make your stay as comfortable and pleasant as possible. Please let our knowledgeable and friendly staff know if there is

More information

Module. Heart Rhythm Problems. Heart Rhythm. Problems

Module. Heart Rhythm Problems. Heart Rhythm. Problems Heart Rhythm Problems Module 10 Heart Rhythm Problems Taking Control of Heart Failure Contents Introduction to Heart Rhythms 4 Symptoms of Heart Rhythm Problems 7 Types of Heart Rhythm Problems 8 Atrial

More information

X-Plain Subclavian Inserted Central Catheter (SICC Line) Reference Summary

X-Plain Subclavian Inserted Central Catheter (SICC Line) Reference Summary X-Plain Subclavian Inserted Central Catheter (SICC Line) Reference Summary Introduction A Subclavian Inserted Central Catheter, or subclavian line, is a long thin hollow tube inserted in a vein under the

More information

Cardiac catheterization Information for patients

Cardiac catheterization Information for patients Cardiac catheterization Information for patients You have been scheduled for a cardiac catheterization. Your procedure is scheduled for:. Someone will call you the day before your procedure to tell you

More information

Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA) and Stenting For PVS Patients

Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA) and Stenting For PVS Patients Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA) and Stenting For PVS Patients There are two types of blood vessels in the body arteries and veins. Arteries carry blood rich in oxygen from the heart to all

More information

Providence St. Vincent Heart Clinic Cardiology

Providence St. Vincent Heart Clinic Cardiology Providence St. Vincent Heart Clinic Cardiology Tests and Procedures ASD/PFO Closures An atrial septal defect (ASD) is an opening between the upper two chambers of the heart. Patent foramen ovale (PFO)

More information

Low Blood Pressure. This reference summary explains low blood pressure and how it can be prevented and controlled.

Low Blood Pressure. This reference summary explains low blood pressure and how it can be prevented and controlled. Low Blood Pressure Introduction Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is when your blood pressure reading is 90/60 or lower. Some people have low blood pressure all of the time. In other people, blood pressure

More information

Catheter Ablation for Cardiac Arrhythmia

Catheter Ablation for Cardiac Arrhythmia Catheter Ablation for Cardiac Arrhythmia Promoting better understanding, diagnosis, treatment and quality of life for those affected by heart rhythm disorders (cardiac arrhythmias) www.knowyourpulse.co.za

More information

CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT & HEART VALVE SURGERY

CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT & HEART VALVE SURGERY CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT & HEART VALVE SURGERY www.cpmc.org/learning i learning about your health What to Expect During Your Hospital Stay 1 Our Team: Our cardiac surgery specialty team includes nurses,

More information

Thyroid Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital Frequently Asked Questions

Thyroid Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital Frequently Asked Questions Thyroid Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital Frequently Asked Questions Q: What is the thyroid gland? A: The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. It is one of the

More information

Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid Artery Disease Carotid Artery Disease Circulating the Facts About Peripheral Vascular Disease Brought to you by the Education Committee of the Society for Vascular Nursing 1 www.svnnet.org Carotid Artery Disease This

More information

AORTIC STENOSIS HENRY FORD HOSPITAL CENTER FOR STRUCTURAL HEART DISEASE

AORTIC STENOSIS HENRY FORD HOSPITAL CENTER FOR STRUCTURAL HEART DISEASE AORTIC STENOSIS HENRY FORD HOSPITAL CENTER FOR STRUCTURAL HEART DISEASE WHAT IS AORTIC STENOSIS? THE AORTIC VALVE The aorta is the major vessel that carries oxygenated blood out of the left side of the

More information

Pacemaker and Atrio- Ventricular Node Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

Pacemaker and Atrio- Ventricular Node Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Pacemaker and Atrio- Ventricular Node Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation

Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

Arrhythmia Facts. Each day the average heart beats (expands and contracts) 100,000 times and pumps about 2,000 gallons of blood.

Arrhythmia Facts. Each day the average heart beats (expands and contracts) 100,000 times and pumps about 2,000 gallons of blood. Arrhythmia Facts During a 24-hour period, about 20% of healthy adults are likely to have frequent or multiple types of premature ventricular heartbeats. Heart arrhythmias are very common and nearly everyone

More information

Pacemakers. Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered

Pacemakers. Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered Pacemakers Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered This booklet is intended for use by patients and their families who wish to understand more about pacemakers. The information contained within this

More information

PATIENT INFORMATION BOOKLET Thoracic Stent Grafts: A Treatment for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms

PATIENT INFORMATION BOOKLET Thoracic Stent Grafts: A Treatment for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms PATIENT INFORMATION BOOKLET Thoracic Stent Grafts: A Treatment for Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1 Glossary 2 Thoracic Aorta 3 Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (TAA) 4 Causes 5 Symptoms

More information

Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Flutter

Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Flutter Information for Patients & Families Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Flutter A treatment to correct an abnormal heart rhythm This leaflet has been written to provide information about treatment to correct

More information

Having denervation of the renal arteries for treatment of high blood pressure

Having denervation of the renal arteries for treatment of high blood pressure Having denervation of the renal arteries for treatment of high blood pressure The aim of this information sheet is to help answer some of the questions you may have about having denervation of the renal

More information

Oxford Centre for Respiratory Medicine Bronchial-Artery Embolisation Information for patients

Oxford Centre for Respiratory Medicine Bronchial-Artery Embolisation Information for patients Oxford Centre for Respiratory Medicine Bronchial-Artery Embolisation Information for patients This leaflet tells you about the bronchial-artery embolisation procedure. It explains what is involved and

More information

Implantation of a permanent pacemaker

Implantation of a permanent pacemaker PLEASE PRINT WHOLE FORM DOUBLE SIDED ON YELLOW PAPER Patient Information to be retained by patient Implantation of a permanent pacemaker affix patient label What is a pacemaker? The heart has its own pacemaker

More information

GOING HOME AFTER YOUR TAVR PROCEDURE

GOING HOME AFTER YOUR TAVR PROCEDURE GOING HOME AFTER YOUR TAVR PROCEDURE HENRY FORD HOSPITAL CENTER FOR STRUCTURAL HEART DISEASE GOING HOME After your TAVR procedure, you will need help when you go home. It is hard to predict how much help

More information

Cardioversion. Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered

Cardioversion. Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered Cardioversion Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered This booklet is intended for use by patients and their families when preparing for a cardioversion. What is a cardioversion and how is it performed?

More information

Oxford Heart Centre Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) Information for patients

Oxford Heart Centre Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) Information for patients Oxford Heart Centre Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) Information for patients Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) You have been diagnosed with a condition called aortic stenosis

More information

Heart in Artrial Fibrillation condition

Heart in Artrial Fibrillation condition 1. What is Atrial Fibrillation ibrillation? Atrial fibrillation (A-Fib) is a disorder found in about 2.2 million Americans. During A-Fib, the heart's two small upper chambers (the atria) quiver instead

More information

Treatment Options for Atrial Fibrillation Patient Information

Treatment Options for Atrial Fibrillation Patient Information Patient Information Treatment Options for Atrial Fibrillation Page 1 of 8 Treatment Options for Atrial Fibrillation Patient Information Emory University Hospital Midtown Cardiac Electrophysiology Service

More information

Femoral artery bypass graft (Including femoral crossover graft)

Femoral artery bypass graft (Including femoral crossover graft) Femoral artery bypass graft (Including femoral crossover graft) Why do I need the operation? You have a blockage or narrowing of the arteries supplying blood to your leg. This reduces the blood flow to

More information

Electrophysiological study and catheter ablation

Electrophysiological study and catheter ablation Patient Information Electrophysiological study and catheter ablation Author: Cardiac CTC Produced and designed by the Communications Team Issue date Dec 2015 - Review date Dec 2018 - Expiry date Dec 2019

More information

Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy/Pacemaker

Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy/Pacemaker Information For Patients Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy/Pacemaker Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital NHS Trust Thomas Drive Liverpool Merseyside L14 3PE Telephone: 0151-228 1616 www.lhch.nhs.uk This

More information

Day case cerebral or spinal angiogram

Day case cerebral or spinal angiogram Day case cerebral or spinal angiogram Information for patients This leaflet answers some of the questions you may have about having a cerebral or spinal angiogram. It explains the risks and the benefits

More information

Ureteral Stenting and Nephrostomy

Ureteral Stenting and Nephrostomy Scan for mobile link. Ureteral Stenting and Nephrostomy Ureteral stenting and nephrostomy help restore urine flow through blocked ureters and return the kidney to normal function. Ureters are long, narrow

More information

Treatment for Carotid Artery Disease: Carotid Endarterectomy and Stenting

Treatment for Carotid Artery Disease: Carotid Endarterectomy and Stenting Treatment for Carotid Artery Disease: Carotid Endarterectomy and Stenting There are 4 arteries in your neck. They supply blood to your brain. They are the right and left internal carotid arteries and the

More information

Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Uterine Fibroid Embolization Uterine Fibroid Embolization What are uterine fibroids? A uterine fibroid is a benign tumor or non-cancerous growth on or in the uterus. It is made of smooth muscle and connective tissue. Size varies from

More information

Inferior Vena Cava filter and removal

Inferior Vena Cava filter and removal Inferior Vena Cava filter and removal What is Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement and Removal? An inferior vena cava filter placement procedure involves an interventional radiologist (a specialist doctor)

More information