Test Results. Clerical Items includes the name of. Specimen Information shows the. Name of the Test (may also be called Event or Procedure) Results

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1 Your Lab Report Understanding the Results When your doctor orders lab tests as a part of your care, you may receive a written copy of the report or you may be able to view your results in a patient portal on your computer. Your doctor should discuss any lab results of concern with you, but it may be helpful to review your report so you know what questions to ask. Lab reports have many terms and abbreviations that can be confusing. At first glance, reports may seem overwhelming, but with some understanding you may feel more comfortable reviewing them. Clerical Items includes the name of the doctor who ordered the test, the name and address of the lab where the test was done, test report date, and your name, date of birth, and identification numbers. Specimen Information shows the type of specimen such as urine, stool, or blood and the date and time it was collected. Blood specimens may be identified as a specific part of the blood that is used for the test, such as serum or plasma. Test Results The test results are listed below these headings. Name of the Test (may also be called Event or Procedure) These are often abbreviated see pages 2 to 3 for some common tests and descriptions. Results Your results are reported in numbers or percentages. Near the result you may see: *HI* or H (high - above the normal range ) *LOW* or L (low - below the normal range ) Depending upon the test, high and low have different meanings. How much out of the normal range impacts how your doctor views the result. Aslightly high or slightly low result may not be a concern. Units How the test is measured mg/dl, %, meq/l, ml/min. Ref. (Reference) Range The normal range for the test. This may vary slightly between labs. You may see this beneath or next to your results. 1

2 Common Lab Tests CBC (Complete Blood Count) gives information about the types and numbers of cells in your blood. It may help your doctor detect many different conditions including infections, clotting problems, or blood disorders such as anemia. The tests include: WBC total number of white blood cells, which help the body s immune system with inflammation and infection. Different types of white blood cells include neutrophils, band cells, T cells, B cells, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils Basic Metabolic Panel (also called Chemistry Panel or Screen, SMA 7) Provides information about how the kidneys are working, blood sugar level, electrolytes, and acid/base balance. Sodium needed for body functions including nerves and muscles Potassium vital for cells and muscles including the heart Chloride helps regulate the amount of fluid and acid/base balance in the body CO2 carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, which also helps keep the body s proper acid/base balance (ph) RBC number of red blood cells, which transport hemoglobin (that carries oxygen) to cells throughout the body. Calcium important mineral for muscles, nerves, heart to work properly; also needed for blood clotting and bone formation HGB hemoglobin total amount of hemoglobin Glucose form of sugar found in the blood HCT hematocrit the fraction of the blood made up of red blood cells BUN blood urea nitrogen, a waste product in the blood that is filtered out by the kidney MCV average red blood cell size Creatinine waste product in the MCH hemoglobin amount per red blood cell MCHC amount of hemoglobin muscles that is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys helps show how well the kidneys are working relative to the size of the cell (hemoglobin concentration) per red blood cell PLT number of platelets, which aid in blood clotting 2

3 Cholesterol Tests Cholesterol is a fatty substance that your body needs in order to function. Too much cholesterol can be harmful to your body and can increase your risk for heart and artery disease. Total Cholesterol HDL High Density Lipoproteins, also called the good cholesterol LDL Low Density Lipoproteins, also called the bad cholesterol For more detailed information on cholesterol levels, ask for Mount Carmel s Understanding Your Cholesterol Levels Always talk with your doctor about your lab report. Don t jump to conclusions, but ask questions and share your concerns. For more information on these lab tests or others, check labtestsonline.org VLDL or VLDC Very Low- Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Triglycerides another form of fat that moves through your blood stream Liver Panel ALP Alkaline Phosphatase enzyme found in high levels in the liver, bile ducts, and bones ALT Alaline aminotransferase enzyme found mainly in the liver; used to help detect hepatitis AST Alkaline phosphatase enzyme found in the liver and a few other organs especially the heart and other muscles Bilirubin total bilirubin measures all the bilirubin in the blood; direct bilirubin measures a form that is with another compound in the liver Albumin measures the main protein made by the liver; the level can be affected by liver and kidney function TP Total protein measures albumin and all other proteins in blood, including antibodies made to help fight off infections 3

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5 Sample My Mount Carmel Patient Portal Lab Report Dev. 9/13, Rev. 10/13 \\mcehemcshare\netit Patient Education$\Mount Carmel Handouts\Diagnostic Tests\Your Lab Report - Understanding the Results.doc Mount Carmel

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