Core Data Center Reference Architecture

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1 Core Data Center Reference Architecture DoD Enterprise Architecture Conference 2012 Office of the Chief Information Officer

2 Topics Background DoD CIO Vision for Core Data Centers Core Data Center Reference Architecture (CDC RA) Overview Benefits/DoD IEA Relationship Mapping to IEA CV 2 Support for JIE Key Core DC Concepts Overview of Structure and Content AV 1, OV 1, CV 1, OV 5a, OV 6a Data Center Tier Definitions Delivery of Enterprise Services by Core DCs 2

3 Current DoD IT Environment Hundreds of sub optimal data centers and networks incur unnecessary costs Limited interoperability reduces information sharing and collaboration on mission threats Increasing demand for new technology on rapidly evolving devices IT Programs average 81 Months* Cannot rapidly and efficiently field new technology to meet warfighter needs 5/2/2012 Cybersecurity vulnerabilities threaten to exploit classified information and endanger mission success Current IT delivery process hinders our ability to take advantage of new commercial technology * Source: Defense Science Board 3

4 Reducing Overall Costs In August 2010, the Secretary of Defense directed the consolidation of IT infrastructure to deliver efficiencies, to improve effectiveness, and to enhance cyber security. In partnership with DoD Components, the DoD CIO developed and enterprise strategy to achieve SECDEF goals and deliver a streamlined, rationalized IT infrastructure. Enterprise objectives: Reduce the cost of data center hardware, software, and operations (to include an increase in server utilization) Shift IT investments to more efficient computing platforms and technologies (e.g., cloud computing) Software: Consolidate existing Component enterprise licenses; manage at the DoD level Hardware: Push a high percentage of DoD IT commodity procurement through a few select vehicles 4

5 Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative OMB initiated a Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative (OMB Memo in 2/2010 (follow on to OMB BDR of 8/ 2009)) Major, ongoing effort that goes beyond a traditional data call. Implications for the DoD IT budget, DoD Strategic Plan and RoadMap (SP&R) The overall goals of a government wide data center consolidation initiative are: Promote use of Green IT -reduce overall energy and real estate footprint Reduce the cost of data center hardware, software and operations; Increase the overall IT security posture of the government; and Shift IT investments to more efficient computing platforms and technologies Deliverables Asset Inventory Data Center Consolidation Plan Quarterly Closure Updates 5

6 NDAA FY12 Sec 2867: "Data Servers and Centers Limitation on Obligation of Funds Limitations on obligation of funds under Performance Plans Approvals by DoD DCIO (or designees) Component Performance Plans for Reduction of Resources Required for Data Servers and Centers require reductions in: Floor space Utilities Increase in multi organizational use Investmentfor capital infrastructure Commercial and government applications Government and vendor FTEs Defense wide Plan virtualization, cloud computing, private sector security services, metrics, modular technologies Annual reports on Cost tsavings 6

7 Joint Information Enterprise Big Rocks 1. Network Normalization Standardize the DoD Boundary with Internet; Simplify routing schema Security to the Enterprise Level end control points by every enclave 2. Identity Management / Access Control User Identification/Authentication (Single authoritative source) User Authentication on any edge device in DoD (including mobile) Access based on user attributes and roles (includes data tagging) 3. Enterprise Datacenter Consolidation Core Data Centers based on standard Data Center architecture and enterprise implementation plan MilDeps/Agency applications and data transition to Core Data Centers (Franchised Business Model) 5/2/2012 DoD CIO JIE Overview 7

8 DoD IT Modernization FY12 ~FY17 Consolidate Data Centers ~800 <100 Network Optimization Consolidated Network Ops Centers Replace legacy phone switches Reduce reliance on PCs Consolidate H/W and S/W Procurement Duplicative Desktop PCs Multiple Contracts days Federated/ Enterprise Unified Communications Client-Based Technology Enterprise Contracts days Reduce duplicative IT staff Purchase Green IT to reduce energy use Plan of Action & Milestones (POA&M) Rough Order of Magnitude (ROM): TBD Bottom Line: DoD IT Annual Budget $37B $???? 8

9 Establish Common IT Infrastructure Standardize and Optimize Enterprise Networks Create Cloud Strategies and Standards Standardize Hardware and Software Platforms Consolidate data centers Consolidate operations and management of network infrastructure Integrate and capitalize test and integration centers Consolidate end user services ( , collaboration) Develop DoD strategy for moving to the cloud Migrate services to private or Develop standard DoD platform and governance Mandate new programs, use public clouds standard platforms Transition ongoing programs to standard platforms 9

10 Data Center Optimization Implementing the Core Vision Core Data Centers USAF USA DON DISA Data Center to Stay Open Data Center to Close Data Centers will be closed, by repositioning and virtualizing servers, while simultaneously establishing Franchised Resilient CORE Data Centers with Robust Inter connectivity and Global Accessibility Core Data Centers will be Exemplar Data Center Standard Compliant supporting Enterprise Services & Core Cloud Platform 10 10

11 DoD IEA Relationship Enterprise wide reference architectures (RAs) are part of the DoD Information Enterprise Architecture (IEA) They provide more detailed information to guide and constrain solutions and implementations for a specific focus area 11

12 Support for DoD Joint Information Environment (JIE) One of the architectures that will drive the JIE end state for Computing Referenced inthe JIEPOA&M DoD CIO will select Core Data Centers and then work with JIE on implementation Computing Deployed Environment Mission Applications Coalition Forces Data Enterprise Information Environment Computing APEX Navy ERP AT21 DCO AFATDS Data Close Combat TM iehr Enterprise Defense Travel Applications Airman Fundamentals Enterprise Information Environment?? 1 2 Home Work Mobile (TDY/Deploy) Access at the Point of Need Future devices

13 Key Core Data Center Concepts Operated by DISA or one of the Military Services under a franchise model. In the future, commercially operated Core Data Centers may be included Standardized, joint operations, processes and governance Fixed/permanent facilities conforming to : TIA 942/Uptime Institute Tier III standards d (later Tier IV) DoD Exemplar Data Center standards and Computing Service Provider Adequacy Assessment Manual guidelines Enterprise scale computing and storage leveraging virtualization & cloud computing Robust bandwidth connections to the DISN core backbone and co location with future Security Aggregation Points Hosting of Enterprise Services and Applications, regional content staging, disaster recovery, COOP, and archiving Provide co location services for other DoD Components, deliver Component unique services per SLA 13

14 CDC RA: Structure and Content Document Outline Department of Defense Information Enterprise Architecture Core Data Center Reference Architecture (CDC RA) Version 1.0 May XX, 2012 Prepared by: Office of the DoD Chief Information Officer Integrated report drawing from each architecture view to create a product consumable by a broad DoD audience SECTION DoDAF DESCRIPTION Section 1 AV 1 Strategic Purpose and Overview:Scope, assumptions, and constraints Section 2 OV 1 Vi i f Dt C t T f ti i CV 1 Vision for Data Center Transformation in DoD: High level operational context and transformational goals. Current environment and problem statement Section 3 OV 5a Core Data Center Characteristics & OV 6a OV 6c(future) Appendix A AV 1 Complete AV 1 Attributes: Principles/Rules for CDCs by activity area: facilities, computing infrastructure, Enterprise Services, IA, standardized ops & processes Appendix B StdV 1 Policy and technical standards relevant to CDC RA Appendix C AV 2/ An integrated dictionary of the terms used in the CDC RA Glossary 14

15 AV 1: Purpose, Scope, and Linkages Purpose To be used by C/S/Ato aid in the identification and implementation ti of Core Data Centers that will operate according to the principles, rules and standards contained in this RA Serves as Enterprise level technical direction (in support of DoDI 8440.bb) for the development of Component level solution architectures, programs, and initiatives related to data center consolidation, server virtualization ti and enterprise services delivery Establishes common standards, processes and lexicon for Core DCs Scope Required operational and support characteristics of Core Data Centers Enterprise Services to be delivered dli dby Core Data Centers (partial) Physical/facility characteristics of Core Data Centers Foundational characteristics required for cloud computing and server virtualization Rules and standards to reduce operating costs through Green technologies focused on power/cooling reduction, dynamic resource allocation, and optimal server utilization i Key Linkages DoD Data Center Consolidation (FDCCI) IT Enterprise Strategy & Roadmap/IT Effectiveness/JIE DoD IEA v1.2 and v2.0 (in development) DoDI 8440.bb, GIG Computing Infrastructure (draft) DoD Cloud Computing Strategy (draft) 15

16 OV 1: High level Operational Concept Core data centers are one element of the GIG computing infrastructure along with Regional DCs, Installation Processing Nodes, and Tactical/Mobile Nodes A franchised Core data center may be operated by DISA or one of the four Military Services Mandatory provider of designated Enterprise Services and preferred provider for all non Enterprise, Component unique services Provide backup, disaster recovery, and archive functions for other data centers and nodes High Level OV 1 16

17 CV 1: Vision Core data centers deliver cloud based services (SaaS/PaaS/IaaS) Built with security/ia integrated from the start Virtual operating environments Users access data and services from anywhere on any approved device (thick client, thin client/virtual desktop, mobile devices) Use Defense ITIL processes and standardized operational and support processes, including standard cost recovery (common rate card) High Level OV 1 Exemplary Core Data Center Perspective 17

18 OV 6a: Operational Rules Model The OV 6a consists of five tables of principles/rules, one for each of the five Level 1 activities in the node tree 83entries total across all tables Key Sources for rules: DISA s CSP Adequacy Manual (draft) DISA s Data Center STIG (draft) DoD CIO s Exemplar Data Center Standards (draft) TIA 942, Telecommunication Infrastructure Standards for Data Centers The OV 6a together with the StdV 1 establish the required attributes and standards for Core data centers OV 6a Excerpt 18

19 Data Center Tier Definition Specifies Tier III with later move to Tier IV for Core DCs More trade space analysis needed: fewer more resilient, more expensive Tier III/IV DCs versus a larger number of less resilient, less costly Tier II DCs Move to virtualization and cloud will also require additional analysis on Core DC infrastructure needs Uptime Institute Data Center Tiers 19

20 Delivery of Services by Core Data Centers Services Delivery Model Adapted from DISA The specific services to be delivered as Enterprise Services have not yet been finalized and are outside the scope of this effort Core DCs will deliver all approved Foundational and Mandatory/Shared Common Services Core DCs may deliver DoD and Component Mission Services Example Foundational Services Service Catalog Metadata Registry Infrastructure-as-a-Service t (IaaS) Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) Example Common Services Collaboration Unified Communications Search Web Portal 20

21 Reference Architecture in Formal Coordination and Review An earlier version of the reference architecture was staffed for informal review with Component data center SMEs in Feb Those comments have been adjudicated and appropriate changes are reflected in the current draft Formal coordination has been initiated through the OSD and Joint Staff task management systems Commentsarerequested requested 30daysfromthetime time thecoordinationtask task is released 30 Apr 25 May: Comment adjudication and concurrence; refine and finalize RA based on concurred adjudication June: DoD CIO approves CDC RA v1.0 21

22 Site for the CDC RA CDC RA document is accessible via the DoD IEA v2.0 Intelink site https://www.intelink.gov/sites/dodieav2/default.aspx / i /d di l POCs: Regina Pieper, DCIO/IE, DataCenter AO, Mike McKenna, DCIO/IE, Lead Architect, Sumeet Chhibber, DoD Computing

23 BACKUP Office of the Chief Information Officer 23

24 Mapping to IEA CV 2 24

25 OV 5a: Activity Node Tree Core Data Center Operational Activities 1) Manage Core Data Center Facility 2) Deliver Core Computing Infrastructure 3) Deliver Enterprise Services 4) Ensure Security/IA 5) Provide Standardized Operations & Processes Only level 0 and level 1 activities are shown here, see the CDC RA document for lower level decomposition 25

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