CITY OF LETHBRIDGE SECTION CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS Page 1 of 5 TOPSOIL AND FINISH GRADING

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1 CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS Page 1 of GENERAL 1.1 Material Supplied by Contractor/Developer.1 Contractor Developer will supply topsoil delivered to job site. 1.2 Related Work.1 Preparation to subgrade and excavation for planting beds..2 Clearing of brush, weeds and grasses prior to topsoil stripping. 1.3 Source Quality Control 2.0 PRODUCTS.1 Engineer/Consultant will be responsible for obtaining soil test analysis and determining requirements for soil test analysis for topsoil supplied by Contractor/Developer. 2.1 Topsoil 1.1 Contractor/Developer to advise Engineer/Consultant of sources of topsoil to be utilized seven (7) days in advance of starting work. 1.2 Contractor/Developer is responsible for soil analysis and requirements for amendments to supply topsoil as specified..1 Where one type of soil particulate is not found, specify topsoil texture based on local horticultural authority recommendations and availability of required particulate material. Identify soil requirements for special turf and plant material applications. Repeat and adjust if different topsoil mixtures are required for special turfs and planting beds..2 Topsoil for seeded areas: mixture of mineral particulates, micro organisms and organic matter which provides suitable medium for supporting intended plant growth..1 Soil texture based on The Canadian System of Soil Classification, to consist of 20% to 70% sand and contain 2% to 10% organic matter by weight..3 Fertility: major soil nutrients present in following ratios:.1 Nitrogen (N): 20 to 40 microgram of available N per gram of topsoil..2 Phosphorus (P): 10 to 20 micrograms of phosphate per gram of topsoil..3 Potassium (K): 80 to 120 micrograms of potash per gram of topsoil.

2 CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS Page 2 of 5.4 Calcium, magnesium, sulfur and micro-nutrients present in balanced ratios to support germination and/or establishment of intended vegetation..5 PH value: 6.5 to Contain non toxic elements or growth inhibiting materials..7 Free from: Debris and stones over 50 mm diameter..8 Course vegetative material, 10 mm diameter and 100 mm length, occupying more than 2% of soil volume..9 Consistence: friable when moist. 2.2 Soil Amendments.1 Specify quality of material for required soil amendments. Include additional soil amendments for special turf and plant material requirements..1 Peatmoss: 1.1 Derived from partially decomposed species of Sphagnum Mosses. 1.2 Elastic and homogeneous, brown in colour. 1.3 Free of wood and deleterious material which could prohibit growth. 1.4 Shredded particle minimum size: 5 mm. 1.5 Sand: washed course silica sand, medium to course textured..2 Limestone: 1.1 Ground agricultural limestone containing minimum calcium carbonate equivalent of 85%. 1.2 Graduation requirements: percentage passing by weight, 90% passing 1.0 mm sieve, 50% passing mm sieve..3 Fertilizer: 1.1 Complete, commercial with 35% soluble nitrogen. 3.0 EXECUTION

3 CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS Page 3 of Stripping of Topsoil.1 Use 3.1 when site to be stripped of topsoil prior to site excavation or grading operations..1 Do not handle topsoil while in wet or frozen condition or in any manner in which soil structure is adversely affected..2 Commence topsoil stripping of areas as indicated/as directed by Engineer/Consultant after area has been cleared of brush/weeds and grasses, and removed from site..3 Strip topsoil to depths as indicated/directed by Engineer/Consultant. Avoid mixing topsoil with subsoil..4 Stockpile in locations as directed by Engineer/Consultant, as indicated. Stockpile height not to exceed 2 m..5 Dispose of unused topsoil in location indicated/directed by Engineer/Consultant off site..6 Protect stockpiles from contamination and compaction. 3.2 Preparation of Existing Grade.1 Use 3.2 for subgrade which is to receive topsoil and existing grades to be seeded, sodded or planted on directly. Refer to 3.4 for application of soil amendments to existing grades..1 Verify that grades are correct. If discrepancies occur, notify Engineer/Consultant and do not commence work until instructed by Engineer/Consultant..2 Grade soil, eliminating uneven areas and low spots, ensuring positive drainage..3 Remove debris, roots, branches, stones in excess of 50 mm diameter and other deleterious materials. Remove soil contaminated with calcium chloride, toxic materials and petroleum products. Remove debris which protrudes more than 75 mm above surface. Dispose of removed material off site. Spec note: Delete when seeding, sodding or planting directly on existing grades..4 Course cultivate entire area which is to receive topsoil to depth of 100 mm. Cross cultivate those areas where equipment used for hauling and spreading has compacted soil. 3.3 Placing and Spreading of Topsoil/Planting Soil.1 Place topsoil after Engineer/Consultant has accepted subgrade.

4 CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS Page 4 of 5.2 Spread topsoil in uniform layers not exceeding 150 mm, over unfrozen subgrade free of standing water..3 For sodded areas keep topsoil 15 mm below finished grade..4 Spread topsoil as indicated to following minimum depths after settlement and 80% compaction: mm for seeded areas mm for sodded areas mm for flower beds mm for shrub beds.5 Manually spread topsoil/planting soil around trees, shrubs and obstacles. 3.4 Soil Amendments.1 Use 3.4 when topsoil is supplied by Developer/Contractor. Identify soil amendments, including fertilizer, specify ratio and rates of application based on soil analysis recommendations, turf and plant material requirements. Repeat for each type of use and variance in application to topsoil or existing soil. Repeat for each required soil amendment. 3.5 Finish Grading.1 For planting beds, turf: apply and thoroughly mix soil amendments and fertilizer into full specified depth of topsoil top 50 mm of existing soil..1 Grade to eliminate rough spots and low areas and ensure positive drainage. Prepare loose friable bed by means of cultivation and subsequent raking..2 Consolidate topsoil to required bulk density using equipment approved by Engineer/Consultant. Leave surfaces smooth, uniform and firm against deep foot printing. 3.6 Acceptance Re: 3.7 Test topsoil for Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium (NPK) in addition to

5 CONSTRUCTION SPECIFICATIONS Page 5 of 5 specification to determine fertilizer requirements and application rates..1 Engineer/Consultant will inspect and test topsoil in place and determine acceptance of material, depth of topsoil and finish grading. Approval of topsoil material subject to soil testing and analysis..2 Testing of topsoil will be carried out by testing laboratory designated by Engineer/Consultant. Soil sampling, testing and analysis to be in accordance with Provincial regulations and standards. Engineer/Consultant will pay for cost of tests. 3.7 Restoration of Stockpile Sites.1 Restore stockpile sites acceptable to Engineer/Consultant. 3.8 Surplus Material.1 Dispose of materials not required where directed by Engineer/Consultant off site. Spec note: Specification does not address plant material with frozen root ball. Specify edging material if required. Ensure that plant list and soil test data are shown on drawings.

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