Describing where volcanoes and earthquakes occur

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Describing where volcanoes and earthquakes occur"

Transcription

1 . Describing where volcanoes and earthquakes occur pages, 4 When you are writing descriptions, you should use the Report Genre of writing. Reports are factual texts that present information about what something is like clearly and in an organised way. Discuss the key vocabulary you might need for each part of the report. Write these terms down in the right-hand column of the table below. Good geographical descriptions include: l named countries, continents and oceans to locate the features l compass orientations to help describe the patterns, e.g. north south, east west. Add these to the correct boxes in this column. Use the key vocabulary to help you complete the writing frame in the left-hand column of the table. Once you have drafted your report, copy it up neatly. Report Plan Title: A description of Report Framework b lassification or Generalisation: what is the focus? b Description:what are the important features you need to describe? b Summarising comment. Structure Opening generalisation: The map shows that volcanoes and earthquakes occur Key vocabulary Description: Belts of volcanoes and earthquakes can be found They can also occur and In some places volcanoes occur without earthquakes, for example Earthquakes and volcanoes are not found Summarising comment I can sum up the main points above by saying that

2 .4 Maps from memory pages, 4 4

3 .5 Why do volcanoes and earthquakes occur where they do? pages, 4 You are going to compare where earthquakes and volcanoes occur with active zones found on the edges of tectonic plates. 4 ut out the cards below. olour the cards that are about the world pattern of earthquakes and volcanoes in red. Then colour those that are about tectonic plates and active zones in blue. hoose a red card containing one fact about earthquakes and volcanoes. Now find a blue card with a fact about tectonic plates and active zones that can be linked with it. Use Figure A on page and Figure A on page 4 of the and an atlas to help you. Use your pairs of statements to write a comparison of where earthquakes and volcanoes and active zones can be found. Finish with a sentence that starts: This comparison suggests that volcanoes and earthquakes are caused when In places, the North American and the Pacific Plates are moving past one another.! Many earthquakes happen in the Himalayan Mountains to the north of India. The east coasts of North and South America are not close to active zones. There is an active zone where the Nazca and the South American Plates move together.! Volcanoes and earthquakes occur along the west coast of North America. A belt of volcanoes and earthquakes is located along the west coast of South America. Active zones are found around the edges of many of the world s tectonic plates. The North American and Eurasian plates are moving away from one another.! Many volcanoes and earthquakes are clustered together on islands and continents around the edge of the Pacific Ocean. Volcanoes can be found in a line running north to south, down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Earthquakes and volcanoes occur in linear patterns in some parts of the world. Australia is found in the middle of the Indo-Australian Plate. There are no volcanoes or earthquakes on the east coast of North or South America. Around the edge of the Pacific Plate is an active zone called the ring of fire. Volcanoes and earthquakes are not found in Australia. The Eurasian and Indo-Australian Plates are moving towards each other. 5

4 !.6 What are volcanoes? page 5 ut out the nouns and adjectives printed at the bottom of this sheet. Look at the photograph of a volcanic eruption on the island of Heimaey on page 5 of the Student Book. hoose fifteen word cards that describe features shown on the photograph. Place each one on the appropriate area. Add at least three labels of your own. The outline sketch right was drawn from the photograph of Heimaey. reate a wordscape by carefully writing in the words you have chosen. Try to shape each word to fit its space. steam suffocating! molten lava volcanic cone sea ice-cold hot dangerous crowded port flat land evaporation populated distant dark black modern ash cloud settlement hilly white hissing active lava flow vent grey threatening rumbling Extension 6 4 reate a wordscape for a photograph of the area around a dormant or extinct volcano. H

5 .7a What happens when a volcano erupts? page 6 The activities on Activity Sheets.7a d will help you produce a brochure for the Angeles ity Tourist Information Office about the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 99. A hot gas and ash cloud 0km high Main vent The base of the volcano is about 0km across. Layers of lava and ash from previous eruptions provide soils that are good for farming. A cross-section through Mount Pinatubo showing what happened during the eruption A flow of hot rocks, ash and gases Magma chamber a store of molten rock inside the Earth A crater the funnel-shaped hollow at the top of the vent Volcanic bombs hot rocks thrown into the air Although the diagram shows that Mount Pinatubo caused many hazards when it erupted, thousands of people still choose to live near it because 4 5 Rule straight lines to link the text boxes to appropriate places on the diagram. olour in red the boxes which give information about how the volcano caused a hazard to people and places in the Philippines. olour in blue the boxes which give information that explains why so many people lived on Mount Pinatubo s slopes. Are there more red or blue boxes? What does this suggest? omplete the text box below the diagram to explain why so many people live close to Mount Pinatubo even though it can cause hazards that may kill or injure people. Words Matter Hazard a risk that may involve danger for people and places 7

6 .7b What happens when a volcano erupts? page 9 The activities on Activity Sheets.7a d will help you produce a brochure for the Angeles ity Tourist Information Office about the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 99. Use the satellite image on page 9 of Geography Matters to colour in the map above. It should show how the area around Pinatubo was affected by the eruption. Make sure you colour in the key as well. The American Air Force base Dust and ash One of the annotation boxes around the map has already been filled in for you. omplete the other five boxes, giving information about the effects of the eruption on the area. Draw straight lines to link the text boxes to appropriate places on the map. Lahars or mudflows spilled into the South hina Sea. Rain mixed with the ash to create lahars which flowed An annotated map showing the effects of the eruption of Mount Pinatubo Mount Pinatubo s new crater lake Words Matter Annotate label a map, sketch or text with notes about important features KEY Main crater and crater lake South hina Sea Ash lark Air Base Lahars (mudflows) Angeles ity Highland 0 0km Angeles ity 8

7 .7c What happens when a volcano erupts? page 6 The activities on Activity Sheets.7a d will help you produce a brochure for the Angeles ity Tourist Information Office about the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 99. Use the story board boxes to help you organise your information to show the different ways in which the eruption affected the area. Fill in the during the eruption boxes using information from the story-telling session. Fill in the before and after boxes using information on pages 6 9 of Geography Matters. Add more information to the during boxes if you can. Deaths, injuries, homes People s jobs, businesses Settlements: roads, 4 The countryside and and people s feelings and farmland buildings, communications wildlife Before the eruption During the eruption After the eruption 9

8 .7d What happens when a volcano erupts? page 6 Follow the stages below to write information for the tourist brochure about the Mount Pinatubo area before, during and after the eruption. When you are writing an account of what happened, you should use the Recount Genre of writing. Number the boxes in the story board on sheet.7c so that they are in a logical sequence that gives the events in the order they occurred. Write your first draft using the information in the story board boxes. l Include three sections:before, during and after the eruption. l Use the starting and connecting words in the box below to begin sentences and to link information in and between text boxes. l Make information about the people, buildings / settlements, jobs and countryside clear by highlighting these words when you use them. When you have drafted your recount, copy it neatly into your brochure. help! Use this recount framework when you need to retell events in order to inform someone. Remember to write in the past tense. J Scene setting / opening: Mount Pinatubo had not erupted for over 600 years until J Recount of the events in the order they occurred: Before Pinatubo erupted The first thing that happened as the volcano erupted J losing statement: Today the area around Mount Pinatubo Starting and connecting words and phrases for recounts Starting Listing and connecting In words addition and... phrases for recounts Firstly (first)... Another... Secondly... Following this... Next... ause and effect Finally so... In the first place as a result of... To begin with because... Before... This means that... Previously due to... Later therefore this caused... Adding... and also too... as well as and then... ontrasting... however on the other hand although despite this... Emphasising mainly mostly usually unfortunately Examples For example,... For instance, such as as can be seen (when) as shown by... Rephrasing In other words... That is to say... To put it more simply... oncluding, summary In conclusion,... In summary,... To sum up,... Overall,... On the whole,... Finally,... 0

Volcanoes. These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page.

Volcanoes. These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. Volcanoes These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not

More information

Slide 1. Earth Science. Chapter 6 Volcanoes

Slide 1. Earth Science. Chapter 6 Volcanoes Slide 1 Earth Science Chapter 6 Volcanoes Slide 2 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Volcano - a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes to the surface. Ring of Fire - Major Volcanic Belt

More information

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY?

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? Name: Class: Date: What is a Volcano? WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material, called magma, erupts to the surface. Magma is a mixture of rock-forming

More information

Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions

Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions Volcanoes form when magma reaches the Earth's surface, causing eruptions of lava and ash. They occur at destructive (compressional) and constructive (tensional) plate boundaries.

More information

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7 Answers Plate Tectonics Year 9 Science Chapter 7 p167 1 Plate tectonics is a scientific theory that is used to explain the movement of the Earth s lithosphere. The lithosphere is the solid outermost shell

More information

Volcanoes and Earthquakes. Part 1: Volcanoes

Volcanoes and Earthquakes. Part 1: Volcanoes Volcanoes and Earthquakes Part 1: Volcanoes Introduction Earth s crust is made of cool, solid rock. Yet, most of Earth is made of extremely hot rock in the mantle and liquid metal in the core. Sometimes,

More information

Inside Earth Chapter 3

Inside Earth Chapter 3 Name Hour Due Date Inside Earth Chapter Page 1 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Page 2 Volcanic Activity Page - Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes Page 4 Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes table Page 5 - Mapping

More information

Chapter 6. Table of Contents. Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions. Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions. Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions.

Chapter 6. Table of Contents. Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions. Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions. Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions. Volcanoes Table of Contents Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions Earth Biography: Volcanos http://www.youtube.com/user/skylif3#p/u

More information

INTRODUCTION. This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano.

INTRODUCTION. This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano. BY RYAN O MAHONY INTRODUCTION This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano. MAP OF VOLCANOES AROUND THE WORLD DIAGRAM

More information

Lesson Plan: Volcanoes

Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan Content: This lesson plan and slide presentation is to be used in conjunction with:: 1 x volcano teacher briefing 1 x volcano teacher fact sheet

More information

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur?

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur? 2 Tectonic processes In this chapter you will study: how the Earth s crust is broken into different types of tectonic s what type of tectonic activity occurs at the boundaries what can happen during earthquakes

More information

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Teacher Workbooks Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Copyright 2005 Teachnology Publishing Company A Division of Teachnology, Inc. For additional information, visit

More information

THIRD GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

THIRD GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES THIRD GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF THIRD GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Explaining why there are many types of volcanic rocks. LAB: Comparing rocks

More information

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure:

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: a. According to the sketch above give the name of each of the layers, which we have described. 1. The Crust 2. The mantle 3. The outer core

More information

Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface

Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface TEKS investigate rapid changes in Earth s surface such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and landslides Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface Constant Changes Earth s surface is constantly changing. Wind,

More information

Section 2 Types of Volcanoes

Section 2 Types of Volcanoes Section 2 Types of Volcanoes Key Concept Tectonic plate motions can result in volcanic activity at plate boundaries. What You Will Learn Nonexplosive eruptions of basaltic magma occur at divergent boundaries.

More information

Fertile Soils: Volcanic soils are very fertile. These rich soils are called laterite soils and are rich in minerals. They are common in many

Fertile Soils: Volcanic soils are very fertile. These rich soils are called laterite soils and are rich in minerals. They are common in many By Sam McCormack Fertile Soils: Volcanic soils are very fertile. These rich soils are called laterite soils and are rich in minerals. They are common in many countries such as Brazil, where coffee is grown,

More information

Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains

Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains Earthquakes Volcanoes Mountains Sea Floor Spreading Where is it located? How does it form? How does it change the Earth s surface? Earthquakes Where are earthquakes located? Most earthquakes happen around

More information

Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet

Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet 1. List and describe the components of the 4 spheres of the Earth. a. Geosphere; rock and soil b. Atmosphere; air c. Hydrosphere; water d. Biosphere; area where

More information

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION Volcanoes The South American continent is home to the world's highest waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela, the largest river (by volume), the Amazon River, the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert,

More information

Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics

Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics Vocabulary: collisional boundary, convergent boundary, crust, divergent boundary, earthquake, lithosphere, mantle, plate, plate tectonics, transform boundary,

More information

FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning the shapes of volcanoes. LAB: Experimenting with "lava." POST: Comparing

More information

Composite Volcano. ByAlejandro

Composite Volcano. ByAlejandro ByAlejandro Facts about Composite volcanoes: Mount Kilimanjaro is located in northern Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro is measured to be 19,340 Farmers harvest bananas and coffee beans on lower parts The volcano

More information

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY

GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY Orange GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY YEAR 1, PART 1 www.vicensvives.es Contents 01 Our planet Earth 02 The representation of the Earth: maps 03 The Earth s relief 04 Rivers and seas 05 Weather and climate 06 Climates

More information

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes Mountain Building Folding Faulting Volcanoes Most Major Mountain ranges were formed by the collision of continental Plates Mountains by Folding Fold mountains are actually formed by crust which have been

More information

11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface.

11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface. 11.3 Plate Boundaries In this section, you will learn how movement at the boundaries of lithospheric plates affects Earth s surface. Moving plates Three types of boundaries Imagine a single plate, moving

More information

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: 3 class periods Program Description Just beneath Earth s crust lies a ball of molten rock, kept semi-liquid thanks to heat

More information

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes Mountain Building Folding Faulting Volcanoes Most Major Mountain ranges were formed by the collision of continental Plates Mountains by Folding Fold mountains are actually formed by crust which have been

More information

Plate Tectonics GIS Activities

Plate Tectonics GIS Activities Plate Tectonics GIS Activities Introduction A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyse, manage, and present all types of geographical data. In the

More information

Volcanoes.

Volcanoes. Volcanoes Not an activity devised for the now not so current volcanic eruption in Iceland, but something from our paper archive devised by Susan Hart in 1981 when at Thomas Tallis School in Greenwich.

More information

THIRD GRADE HAZARDS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

THIRD GRADE HAZARDS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES THIRD GRADE HAZARDS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF THIRD GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Explaining why there are many types of volcanic rocks. LAB: Comparing rocks from

More information

THE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH

THE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH THE STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH Contents 1. Main Objectives 2. Useful Websites 3. Pupil Vocabulary Cards 4. Word Wall Cards 5. Glossary 6. Key Question Cards 7. Prior Learning Diagram 8. Hands-on Activities

More information

Term 1: Map Skills. Task 1 Task 2

Term 1: Map Skills. Task 1 Task 2 Term 1: Map Skills Homework rules: You must complete these four tasks. Some tasks have the opportunity to extend your learning further be growth-minded and do it! Homework should be submitted on paper.

More information

Activity: A Plate Tectonic Puzzle

Activity: A Plate Tectonic Puzzle Activity: A Plate Tectonic Puzzle Introduction The Earth s crust is not a solid shell. It is made up of thick, interconnecting pieces called tectonic plates that fit together like a puzzle. They move atop

More information

Put the sentences in the correct order. They describe the process of PLATE TECTONICS.

Put the sentences in the correct order. They describe the process of PLATE TECTONICS. Tectonics The changing position of the continents is called continental drift. Plates move a few centimetres a year. Plate movement causes continents to collide, and split apart. The Earth s crust is divided

More information

Exam #3 - All numbered questions are given equal weight in the multiple choice part.

Exam #3 - All numbered questions are given equal weight in the multiple choice part. Exam #3 - All numbered questions are given equal weight in the multiple choice part. Multiple Choice Mark only one answer for each question. 1) On a global map of earthquakes, the locations of the earthquakes

More information

Exploring Our World with GIS Lesson Plans Engage

Exploring Our World with GIS Lesson Plans Engage Exploring Our World with GIS Lesson Plans Engage Title: Exploring Our Nation 20 minutes *Have students complete group work prior to going to the computer lab. 2.List of themes 3. Computer lab 4. Student

More information

Use this document for reference. Answer questions on a separate sheet of paper. Introduction to Plate Tectonics

Use this document for reference. Answer questions on a separate sheet of paper. Introduction to Plate Tectonics Use this document for reference. Answer questions on a separate sheet of paper. Introduction to Plate Tectonics In this lab you will learn the basics of plate tectonics, including locations of the plate

More information

Expedition to a Modern Pompeii

Expedition to a Modern Pompeii Expedition to a Modern Pompeii A Museum Scientist on the Scene of a 1902 Disaster StepRead TM : Expedition to a Modern Pompeii (1010L) This StepRead is based on an article provided by the American Museum

More information

SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the structure of different types of volcanoes. LAB: Plotting

More information

Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Essential Questions What evidence can students observe that the Earth is changing? How do scientists know what s inside the Earth? What processes

More information

11A Plate Tectonics. What is plate tectonics? Setting up. Materials

11A Plate Tectonics. What is plate tectonics? Setting up. Materials 11A Plate Tectonics What is plate tectonics? Earth s crust plus the upper mantle forms the lithosphere. Earth s lithosphere is broken in a number of different pieces. How these pieces move and interact

More information

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Once, the power of volcanoes was thought to be the work

More information

SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the structure of different types of volcanoes. LAB: Plotting 3 different

More information

Features of Plate Tectonics

Features of Plate Tectonics Features of Plate Tectonics Section 12.2 Summary Textbook pages 518 537 Before You Read Earthquakes frequently occur in British Columbia. State what you already know about earthquakes in the lines below.

More information

Date, location, Latitude, Longitude, Magnitude, Depth and Time

Date, location, Latitude, Longitude, Magnitude, Depth and Time Answer Key to GIS Lab: Plate Tectonics: From the Inside Out!! A. Earthquake Patterns A half million earthquakes occur on the Earth each year. Many are small and go unnoticed, while others are large and

More information

2 How Mountains Form LOOKING CLOSER

2 How Mountains Form LOOKING CLOSER CHAPTER 11 2 How Mountains Form SECTION Deformation of the Crust KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What kinds of plate collisions form mountains? What are four main types

More information

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates.

Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. Notes on Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. These plates move around the mantle. Plates are composed of the crust and

More information

Pacific Plate & The Ring of Fire Instructor s Notes

Pacific Plate & The Ring of Fire Instructor s Notes Instructor s Notes Overview The kids take the locations of 25 major volcanos found around the rim of the Pacific Ocean and map them. This is the same kind of data that Alfred Wegener used to create his

More information

Volcanoes and plate tectonics

Volcanoes and plate tectonics Volcanoes and plate tectonics 1. divergent plate margins: rift volcanoes 2. convergent plate margins: 84% of eruptions ocean-ocean margins: island-arc volcanoes ocean-continent margins: andesitic volcanoes

More information

Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES

Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES What is a volcano? A place on the earth s surface (or any other planet) where molten rock and gases are erupted. A hill or mountain built up by the eruption

More information

CATACLYSMIC ERUPTIONS

CATACLYSMIC ERUPTIONS CATACLYSMIC ERUPTIONS The really big ones! This figure compares the size of some recent, well-known eruptions. Note how small the eruptions of Mount St. Helens and even Vesuvius are compared to Katmai,

More information

Lab 8A: Investigating Tectonic Plate Boundaries Using Online Geospatial Technology. MAP URL:

Lab 8A: Investigating Tectonic Plate Boundaries Using Online Geospatial Technology. MAP URL: Lab 8A: Investigating Tectonic Plate Boundaries Using Online Geospatial Technology NAME: PERIOD: SCORE: Activity: Discover and investigate tectonic plate boundaries by analyzing maps showing seismic and

More information

Exploring Our World with GIS Student Instructions Engage

Exploring Our World with GIS Student Instructions Engage Exploring Our World with GIS Engage 1. As a group please choose 3 to 5 of the themes below to use on the National Atlas website. Once you have gone to the website you may choose only from the themes listed

More information

Learn more at www.pbs.org/nature

Learn more at www.pbs.org/nature Lesson Title: Vibrant Volcanoes Grade level: 2 4 Topic/Subject Matter: Earth Science Time Allotment:1-2 class periods Overview This lesson will introduce elementary students to the fiery and explosive

More information

What is a volcano? The Earth s Layers

What is a volcano? The Earth s Layers 29 I m sure we re all familiar with what a volcano looks like. I ll bet we re all familiar with what a volcano looks like when it erupts, too. But, are you sure why volcanoes erupt? Are you sure why volcanoes

More information

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust CHAPTER 4 4 Deforming the Earth s Crust SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What happens when rock is placed under stress?

More information

When Things Go Wrong

When Things Go Wrong When Things Go Wrong When Things Go Wrong Our planet has many wondrous things. We plant a tiny sapling and it becomes a mighty tree. Water runs in rivers. Rainbows appear in the sky. But it is not always

More information

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics

Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Earth Science Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Period: August 2013 Due Date: 17 Compared to the oceanic crust, the continental crust is (1) less dense and more basaltic (3) more dense and

More information

LANDFORMS? WHAT ARE. landforms the natural features that make up Earth s surface

LANDFORMS? WHAT ARE. landforms the natural features that make up Earth s surface WHAT ARE LADFORMS? Think about the shape of the land where you live. Is it flat or rolling? Are there valleys or mountains? Often, we overlook the landforms that are around us. Landforms are the natural

More information

Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Volcanoes and Earthquakes Explore and Discover... Explore the gallery. Use the eight questions to guide you. These are based on the displays students have found most interesting, and that are particularly useful for your school

More information

Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism

Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The shape of Earth most closely resembles

More information

Earth s Interior. Use Target Reading Skills. Exploring Inside Earth

Earth s Interior. Use Target Reading Skills. Exploring Inside Earth Plate Tectonics Name Date Class Plate Tectonics Guided Reading and Study Earth s Interior This section explains how scientists learn about Earth s interior. The section also describes the layers that make

More information

1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I.

1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I. PLATE TECTONICS ACTIVITY The purpose of this lab is to introduce the concept of plate tectonics and the formation of mountains. Students will discuss the properties of the earth s crust and plate tectonics.

More information

Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time

Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time Alfred Wegener (1880 1930) Continental drift hypothesis: The world's continents are in motion and have been drifting apart into different configurations over

More information

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet The Earth Inside and Out pp.27 47 Bodies of Water and Land Forms pp. 32-36 Internal Forces Shaping the Earth pp.37-41 External Forces Shaping the Earth pp. 42-45 1.

More information

The Birth of the Hawaiian Islands

The Birth of the Hawaiian Islands The Birth of the Hawaiian Islands by Elizabeth Knapp On the big island of Hawaii, an ancient legend still stirs deep within the earth. The story begins with Pele, the beautiful yet fiery Goddess of Volcanoes.

More information

Lecture 19 Explosive Eruptions

Lecture 19 Explosive Eruptions Lecture 19 Explosive Eruptions EXPLOSIVE ERUPTIONS Surtseyan, Vulcanian and Plinian eruptions are all explosive eruptions, and have many features in common. The main differences are in the size and violence

More information

Use the web link provided in the Earth Science Folder

Use the web link provided in the Earth Science Folder ONLINE ACTIVITY: PLATE TECTONICS Using the web links provided in the Science10 handout folder complete the following activities and answer the questions listed. Use the web link provided in the Earth Science

More information

Chapter 4 -Volcanism & Extrusive Rocks. Photo Credit: S. Young

Chapter 4 -Volcanism & Extrusive Rocks. Photo Credit: S. Young Chapter 4 -Volcanism & Extrusive Rocks Photo Credit: S. Young volcanism! process that results in expulsion of molten rock on surface! lava and hot particles (pyroclasts) erupt and build volcanoes! examples:!

More information

Volcanoes Lapbook L-VOL. Designed by Cyndi Kinney

Volcanoes Lapbook L-VOL. Designed by Cyndi Kinney Volcanoes Lapbook L-VOL Designed by Cyndi Kinney Volcanoes Lapbook Copyright 2013 Knowledge Box Central www.knowledgeboxcentral.com ISBN # Ebook: 978-1-61625-557-2 CD: 978-1-61625-555-8 Printed: 978-1-61625-556-5

More information

KINDERGARTEN VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES KINDERGARTEN VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning that all mountains are not volcanoes. LAB: Investigating rocks that

More information

Geography Skills Checklist /Milestones

Geography Skills Checklist /Milestones Geography Skills Checklist /Milestones Essential Opportunities: Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area and the United Kingdom to include Europe, North and South America.

More information

Geologic Processes, Part 3: Plate Tectonics

Geologic Processes, Part 3: Plate Tectonics IDS 102 Name Background: Plate Tectonics and Continental drift Geologic Processes, Part 3: Plate Tectonics In 1912 a scientists named Alfred Wegener's suggested that the world s continent were once connected

More information

Tectonic plates have different boundaries.

Tectonic plates have different boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates move apart. BEFORE, you learned The continents join and break apart The sea floor provides evidence that tectonic plates move The theory of plate tectonics helps explain how the plates

More information

Tsunamis. Seismic Sea Waves. Triggers / Cause (4) Speed, height, period, wavelength Trough often arrives first

Tsunamis. Seismic Sea Waves. Triggers / Cause (4) Speed, height, period, wavelength Trough often arrives first Seismic Sea Waves Triggers / Cause (4) Speed, height, period, wavelength Trough often arrives first Tsunamis Tsunamis 15 min Volcanoes 5 min Mass Wasting 10 min Fig. 10-20, p. 321 Historical Tsunami Events

More information

FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning the shapes of volcanoes. LAB: Experimenting with "lava." POST:

More information

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics 12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics Earth is over 1200 km thick and has four distinct layers. These layers are the crust, mantle (upper and lower), outer core, and inner core. Crust outer solid rock layer

More information

FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types of

More information

Lesson: Volcanoes (corresponding to Chapter 5: Volcanoes)

Lesson: Volcanoes (corresponding to Chapter 5: Volcanoes) This lava flow has destroyed a portion of a road in Hawaii. Slow-moving lava like this causes damage but rarely fatalities. Other types of volcanic eruptions are far more dangerous. In this lesson we review

More information

Forces of Nature: Teacher Packet

Forces of Nature: Teacher Packet Forces of Nature: Teacher Packet Compiled by: Morehead State University Star Theatre with help from Bethany DeMoss Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Corresponding Standards 2 Vocabulary 4 How Can we

More information

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the parts of a volcano. LAB: Comparing the parts of a

More information

General Certificate of Secondary Education Foundation Tier June 2013

General Certificate of Secondary Education Foundation Tier June 2013 Centre Number Surname Candidate Number For Examiner s Use Other Names Candidate Signature Examiner s Initials Geography (Specification A) Unit 1 Physical Geography Tuesday 4 June 2013 For this paper you

More information

Lecture 21 Mount St. Helens

Lecture 21 Mount St. Helens Lecture 21 Mount St. Helens Debris Avalanches Volcanoes are not very stable structures. From time to time, they collapse producing large rock and ash avalanches that travel at high speeds down valleys.

More information

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Rocks are classified based on how they were formed. The three types of rocks are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Igneous rock forms when magma (liquid

More information

BASIC LESSON Objective(s)

BASIC LESSON Objective(s) [Geology - Landforms] [K-1: Basic] [Grades 2-3: Advanced] BACKGROUND Landforms are natural features of the Earth's surface. They are created by the movement of ice or water, earthquakes, lava flows, volcanoes,

More information

The Puzzling Plates Part I

The Puzzling Plates Part I The Puzzling Plates Part I Original Source: Dr. Leslie Sautter (Dept. of Geology, College of Charleston) There are two parts to this activity, which is an expanded version of the activity The Puzzling

More information

Step 2: Learn where the nearest divergent boundaries are located.

Step 2: Learn where the nearest divergent boundaries are located. What happens when plates diverge? Plates spread apart, or diverge, from each other at divergent boundaries. At these boundaries new ocean crust is added to the Earth s surface and ocean basins are created.

More information

Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones

Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones Goals of this exercise: 1. review the major physiographic features of the ocean basins 2. investigate the creation of oceanic crust at mid-ocean

More information

Plate tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Key words: lithosphere, continental and oceanic plates, convective movements, plate boundary

Plate tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Key words: lithosphere, continental and oceanic plates, convective movements, plate boundary S c i e n c e s Plate tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Key words: lithosphere, continental and oceanic plates, convective movements, plate boundary The Structure of the Earth The Earth s engine: Convective

More information

VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS. Objectives. Volcanoes and volcanic hazards. Volcano

VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS. Objectives. Volcanoes and volcanic hazards. Volcano VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS Objectives Identify several different categories of volcanic eruptions. Identify the volcanic hazards. Describe how temperature, pressure, and water content affect a rock s

More information

Types of Rocks By Cindy Sherwood

Types of Rocks By Cindy Sherwood Mount Rushmore is an amazing sight, with the faces of four presidents carved into a giant rock mountain. But even a small rock you find in your yard is pretty amazing. After all, most rocks have been around

More information

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review Use the following diagram to answer questions 1 and 2. 1. Which location has the youngest crust? A. A B. B C. C D. D 2. Which location is associated with subduction?

More information

Early Reader 1 Our Earth. mountain waterfall desert island

Early Reader 1 Our Earth. mountain waterfall desert island Early Reader 1 Our Earth Prior Knowledge A. Label the pictures using the word box. mountain waterfall desert island 1. 2. 3. 4. SuperStars Earth and Space 1 Prior Knowledge: Vocabulary Early Reader 1 Our

More information

Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics

Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics Laurel Goodell, Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 laurel@princeton.edu Inspired by, and borrows from, the GIS-based Exploring

More information

Ride the Rock Cycle. Suggested Goals: Students will gain an understanding of how a rock can move through the different stages of the rock cycle.

Ride the Rock Cycle. Suggested Goals: Students will gain an understanding of how a rock can move through the different stages of the rock cycle. Illinois State Museum Geology Online http://geologyonline.museum.state.il.us Ride the Rock Cycle Grade Level: 5 6 Purpose: To teach students that the rock cycle, like the water cycle, has various stages

More information

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries.

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates converge or scrape past each other. BEFORE, you learned Plates move apart at divergent boundaries In the oceans, divergent boundaries mark where the sea floor spreads apart On land,

More information

Volcanoes of the World Comprehension Exercise

Volcanoes of the World Comprehension Exercise Name Date Volcanoes of the World Comprehension Exercise Mount Hood Mount Hood can be located in the Mount Hood National Forest, Oregon, USA. It is a dormant volcano which had its last significant eruption

More information

Introduction...v. SECTION 1: Core Units...1. Core Unit 1: Patterns and Processes in the Physical Environment...2

Introduction...v. SECTION 1: Core Units...1. Core Unit 1: Patterns and Processes in the Physical Environment...2 CONTENTS Introduction...v Exam breakdown...v The Geography exam booklet...vi What are SRPs?...vii Structure of the exam paper and questions...vii Preparing for the exam...vii What to do in the exam...vii

More information

LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. continental crust convection currents convergent plates divergent plates. Purposes. Objectives.

LESSON PLAN 2. Key Terms and Concepts. continental crust convection currents convergent plates divergent plates. Purposes. Objectives. LESSON PLAN 2 Plates of the World Earthquakes 6 8 Young people will understand where most seismic activity occurs and why by learning about the plates of the earth. Key Terms and Concepts Earthquake Science

More information