Martha Washington The Mini Page celebrates Mother s Day with a story about the busy life of a mother and wife, Martha Washington.

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1 19-1 (03) release dates: May The Mini Page Publishing Company Inc. By BETTY DEBNAM Meet a Remarkable Mother and Wife Martha The Mini Page celebrates Mother s Day with a story about the busy life of a mother and wife, Martha. This is a painting about the courtship of George and Martha Custis. Notice the children, Jacky and Patsy. Martha was born in This is a painting of her in 1757 when she was 26 years old. This was three years before she married her second husband, George. Her background Growing up, Martha Dandridge was taught the skills that it would take to be a good wife. These included housekeeping, religion, music and dancing. Her father was a planter and county official. She was the oldest of eight children. When she was 18, she married the richest man in the colony of Virginia, Daniel Custis. He was 20 years older than she. They were married seven years before he died. They had four children, but two of them died. Her husband s death left her a very rich woman. Martha Custis met George after her husband died. was already famous as a hero in the French and Indian War. They were married on Jan. 6, 1759, at Martha s plantation, White House. The children While she and George never had children of their own, they did raise the two surviving children she had before she married him. John Parke (Jacky) Custis was only 4 and and Martha Parke (Patsy) Custis was only 2 when their mother remarried. They moved to Mount Vernon. Her family was the most important part of Martha s life. She was always very protective of her children. She spoiled them greatly. Jacky Custis ( ) later married and had four children. He died at the age of 27 when he was serving with in the Revolutionary Army. Patsy Custis ( ) died at an early age. The s were always concerned about her health. Martha was very sad when Patsy died of epilepsy at the age of 17. Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page.

2 19-2 (03); release dates: May 3-9 About Martha Appearance Martha was about 5 feet tall, so George was about a foot taller. To get his attention, sometimes she would grab his lapels and pull him down to her level. She had brown hair and brown eyes. As Martha aged, her hair turned gray and she put on some weight. This portrait of Martha was made about a year before she died. She had become very frail after George died. People still flocked to Mount Vernon to see her. Reading With so many guests, the kitchen space was very busy. Mrs. supervised what went on. Slaves prepared the meals. Because of the heat of the summer, the kitchen was in a different building from the house. Some slaves slept on the second floor. Martha was interested in current events. She could read and write at a time when many women were not taught to do so. Exercise Many women rode horseback in Martha s day. There is some evidence that Martha rode, especially as a young woman. She also enjoyed walking around the grounds. Pets Martha was very good at needlework. She made quilts, clothes and coin purses. While she sewed, George probably read one of the 10 newspapers he subscribed to. Mini Spy... Martha really liked dogs, and there were many of them at Mount Vernon. She had pet birds, including a parrot and a cockatoo. Mini Spy and her friends are visiting Mount Vernon. See if you can find: exclamation mark question mark horseshoe pencil whale letter D word MINI yardstick cat funny face sea horse number 8 Brown Basset ws The Ned s Houn Martha and George shared this room on the second floor. After he died, she closed off the room and moved to the third floor. She also burned all of their personal letters. Martha TRY N FIND Words and names that remind us of Martha are hidden in the block below. Some words are hidden backward, both up and down, and diagonally. Some letters are used twice. See if you can find: MARTHA, GEORGE, WASHINGTON, PRESIDENT, JACKY, MOUNT, VERNON, PATSY, WASHY, NELLY, CHILDREN, MEALS, WARM, CUSTIS, TEA, FRIENDLY, DOGS, HOUSEKEEPER, WIFE, SEW, HOSTESS, VIRGINIA. P M E M N T A I N I G R I V Y OUR HISTORY K R M H O U S E K E E P E R N IS FULL OF A A E T B U Y S T A P R L W E GREAT MOMS! H W A S H I N G T O N E F A R T E L Z I W Z T E O D O G S D R S S G I D J H N E L L Y H L A Q U F R I E N D L Y C M Y I M G E O R G E N S S E T S O H J A C K Y E M X T S I T S U C Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page.

3 Go dot to dot and color Martha (03); release dates: May 3-9 Rookie Cookie s Recipe s Favorite Breakfast You ll need: 8 3 /4 cups white cornmeal 1 1 /4 teaspoons dry yeast 1 egg warm water salt (optional to add to batter) shortening or cooking oil honey (buckwheat honey is really good with hoecakes) butter What to do: 1. In a large container, mix together 4 cups white cornmeal, 1 1 /4 teaspoons dry yeast, and enough warm water to give the mixture the consistency of pancake batter (about 3 to 4 cups). Cover and set on the stove or counter overnight. 2. In the morning, gradually add remaining cornmeal, egg, and enough warm water to give the mixture the consistency of pancake batter (about 3 to 4 cups). Cover and set aside for 15 to 20 minutes. 3. Add cooking grease to a griddle or skillet and heat until water sprinkled into it will bead up. 4. Pour batter, by the spoonful, onto the hot griddle. (Note: Since the batter has a tendency to separate, you will need to stir it well before pouring each batch.) When the hoecake is brown on one side, turn it over and brown the other side. Serve warm with butter and honey. Yields enough to easily feed a classroom of students! Note: This recipe is based on one from Nelly Custis, who could have learned it from her grandmother, Martha. The Mini Page Presidents of the United States Poster Large! 221/2 x 281/2 Ideal for Classroom or Home Includes every president in chronological order, from George to George W. Bush, with the dates that each held office Handsome reproductions of engraved portraits An attractive educational reference To order, send $3.00 plus $1.50 postage and handling for each copy. Send check or money order (U.S. funds only) payable to: Andrews McMeel Universal, P.O. Box 6814, Leawood, KS Please send copies of The Mini Page Presidents of the United States Poster (Item #9939-6) at $4.50 each, including postage and handling. (Bulk discount information available upon request.) Toll free number Name: Address: City: State: Zip: All the following jokes have something in common. Can you guess the common theme or category? Wanda: Why do we call those big storms hurricanes? William: Whoever heard of his-a-canes? Sally: When is a hurricane over? Stuart: Mon-sooner or later! Daniel: Why don t weather forecasters tell each other jokes? Donna: They don t want to laugh up a storm! Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page.

4 19-4 (03); release dates: May 3-9 Martha ( ) George ( ) As grandparents Both of the s liked having young children around. They also raised two of their grandchildren. Their father was Martha s son, Jacky, who died. George (Washy) Parke Custis was only 8 and Eleanor (Nelly) Parke Custis was only 10 when George was sworn in as president. Washy ( ) became a planter, writer and painter. He often spoke and wrote about his step-grandfather. He built Arlington House, a mansion overlooking, D.C. It still stands today. His daughter married Robert E. Lee, the famous Confederate general. Nelly ( ) married s nephew, Lawrence Lewis. They had several children. Nelly enjoyed music, poetry and needlework. A site to see: Learn more about Martha and George and Mount Vernon at: The Mini Page is created and edited by Betty Debnam Associate Editors Tali Denton Lucy Lien Staff Artist Wendy Daley Martha as Mother and Wife This is a painting of George and Martha and Nelly and Washy Custis. A slave is in the background. The s had more than 300 slaves. Slaves worked around the house and in the fields. George s slaves were freed at his death. Some of the slaves were Martha s from her first husband s estate. They were not able to be freed by George. In this painting we see George and Martha walking on the bowling green in front of Mount Vernon. While George ran the farm, Martha s job was to run the house. As a housewife As the general s wife Martha was very friendly and loved meeting new people. This was important because so many people came to visit, and George was not as outgoing as she. In one year, in 1798, they had more than 600 guests. Some people stayed for weeks. Martha had a very busy day. While there were slaves to help, she had to supervise them. She was up at 4:30 or 5:00 in the morning and in bed by 9:00 or 10:00 at night. She had lots to do. For example, the meal schedule was: Martha did not like to travel, but for eight years she went to visit and give support to her husband at his winter quarters during the Revolutionary War. She also raised money for the cause. Breakfast: 7:00 a.m. Dinner: 3:00 p.m. Tea: 6:00 or 7:00 p.m. Light supper: perhaps at 9:00 p.m. The Mini Page thanks Mary Thompson, historian at Mount Vernon, for her help. The s held receptions where people could get to know the president. As the first lady While Martha did not like public life, she was warm and gracious and a great help to the president. Martha died at Mount Vernon in 1802, more than two years after her husband. Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page.

5 Meet Martha in photo courtesy Mount Vernon Ladies Association by Betty Debnam Appearing in your newspaper on. from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam 2003 The Mini Page Publishing Company Inc. (Note to Editor: Above is cameraready, one column-by-4 1 /4-inch ad promoting Issue 19.) release dates: May (03) from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam 2003 The MIni Page Publishing Company Inc. Standards Spotlight: Martha Mini Page activities meet many state and national educational standards. Each week we identify standards that relate to The Mini Page s content and offer activities that will help your students reach them. This week s standards: Students use biographies and stories to understand the individuals who are honored by the nation. (Social Studies: History) Students explore factors that contribute to one s personal identify, such as interests, capabilities and perceptions. (Social Studies: Individual development) Activities: 1. Draw a picture of Martha having a party for special guests. Look at the paintings shown in today s Mini Page to get an idea of what the guests might be wearing. 2. Go on a shopping trip with Martha. Find games or toys in the newspaper that she would have liked for her children and grandchildren. Explain your choices. 3. Find words and pictures in the newspaper for items that Martha could have used when she entertained guests. How do you think entertaining is different today from Colonial times? 4. Make a timeline of Martha s life. Be sure to include her birth date, her first marriage, the births of her children, her marriage to George, and other important dates in our country s early history. 5. Learn more about another first lady. Select any president s wife you like. Use these questions to guide your research: Who is the individual? When did she live? What was her education and background? How did she meet her husband? What did people like about her? What contribution did she make to our country? (standards by Dr. Sherrye D. Garrett, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi) Meet Martina McBride Country singer Martina McBride has real country roots. She grew up on a dairy farm near Medicine Lodge, Kan. Martina, 36, was born on July 29, She was only 7 years old when she started singing in her father s band. She has an older brother and sister and a younger brother. The younger brother, Martin, plays guitar in her band. While trying to make it big in music, she worked as a waitress in Nashville, Tenn. She even sold T-shirts and hats on a Garth Brooks tour. She got her first recording contract in 1992 and has become a popular country music star. Martina met her husband when she called to rent a rehearsal hall. Her two daughters always travel with her to her shows. She is left-handed and 5 feet 4 inches tall. (Note to Editor: Above is the Standards for Issue 19.) (Note to Editor: Above is copy block for Page 3, Issue 19, to be used in place of ad if desired.) Please include all of the appropriate registered trademark symbols and copyright lines in any publication of The Mini Page.

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