The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS)"

Transcription

1 The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) July 2016

2 Contents 3 Introduction 4 Why do we need transport models? 6 TfL s suite of models 8 What is LTS? 11 How was LTS developed? 12 What can LTS be used for? 14 What information can be extracted from LTS? 16 How can I use LTS? 18 More information and contacts Transport for London, October 2014 All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted for research, private study and internal circulation within an organisation. Extracts may be reproduced provided the source is acknowledged. Disclaimer This publication is intended to provide accurate information. However, TfL and the authors accept no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions or for any damage or loss arising from use of the information provided. 2 Chapter 0 Chapter/Section title here

3 Introduction This document introduces Transport for London s (TfL s) London Transportation Studies Model (LTS). It explains the basic concepts of transport modelling and the role of LTS in the suite of models developed and maintained in TfL Planning. There is also information about the development of LTS, its range of uses and the steps required by anyone who wants to use the model. A more comprehensive set of documents is also available which explain the development of LTS in more detail. In addition, TfL Planning can help with any queries. Contact details are on page 18. The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 3

4 Why do we need transport models? Investment in transport can bring about a wide range of economic, social and environmental benefits, both locally and nationally. Introducing new routes, improving highways, building stations and bridges and changing fares and tolls are all investment options that may make it easier for people to move around, or help address the problems of road congestion and public transport crowding. However, with limited financial resources and a variety of potential options, how can we tell which transport improvements are the best to invest in? To answer this, we need to predict the impact of each potential transport scheme on people s travel decisions and the consequent congestion and crowding impacts as London s population and workforce continues to grow and change. Transport models are a source of help and guidance when carrying out such predictions. The decisions that an individual makes when considering travel options can be summarised as follows: Should I live in a place with better transport connections? Do I need to own a car? Shall I travel at all? Which route shall I take? What time of day shall I travel? Where shall I travel to? Which mode of transport shall I use? 4 Why do we need transport models?

5 Transport models are developed to predict some or all of these decisions, with different models often combining to provide an overall picture. They are highly specialised mathematical representations of transport networks that require substantial training to develop the expertise to apply them correctly. TfL s models aim to represent the behaviour of drivers, passengers, cyclists and pedestrians as they negotiate the city s vast transport network. They also show the way transport interventions such as alterations to services and capacity affect travel decisions and the consequent performance of the network. They cover all the main modes of travel including car, taxi, bus, Underground, Docklands Light Railway, London Overground and National Rail as well as freight transport. They help TfL in planning to meet London s future transport needs and identify which transport interventions are likely to be most effective in meeting goals set in the Mayor s Transport Strategy. The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 5

6 TfL s suite of models Our models aim to represent all the different decisions that an individual makes when planning a journey. A selection of these models is shown below indicating how data such as demand (the number of trips between each origin and destination) is passed between models. The models described here are often referred to as strategic models, which are used for forecasting the long-term impacts of schemes over wide areas. TfL also owns and operates other models, sometimes known as tactical or operational models, which are used for assessing the short-term impacts. These models include the ONE model and microsimulation models developed using the VISSIM and Legion software packages. This booklet focuses on strategic models only, information on TfL s tactical and operational models is available separately. Planning data Demand Railplan LonLUTI LTS LoRDM Cost of travel Demand HAMs 6 TfL s suite of models

7 The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS): A model which uses population and employment forecasts and other inputs to predict the number of trips to be made in London in the future, where people travel to and from, when they travel and which transport mode they use. The London Land-Use and Transport Interaction Model (LonLUTI): A model which predicts the use of land for different human activities depending on Government policies and transport investment. Railplan Public Transport Assignment Model: A public transport model that predicts the public transport mode (eg. rail, underground, bus) and route that a person chooses to get to their destination, as well as the associated crowding impacts. The Highway Assignment Models (HAMs): Five models covering the whole of London which predict the routes that drivers choose and the associated congestion and delay impacts on London s roads. The London Regional Demand Model (LoRDM) (still under development): A demand balancing model which is similar to LTS but uses the HAMs and Railplan for modelling the choice of route. The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 7

8 What is LTS? LTS is a strategic model covering multiple modes of transport across London and its surrounding area. LTS predicts how personal travel in London might respond to changes in population and employment, new transport infrastructure, policy interventions, macroeconomic factors and other influences such as levels of car ownership. It is available for use within TfL and by external stakeholders. The model works in four stages: 1. Estimating how many trips there will be (trip generation) 2. Allocating the trips to mode of transport (mode choice) 3. Determining where the trips come from and go to (trip distribution) 4. Allocating the trips to routes in the highway and public transport networks (trip assignment) The first three stages are carried out in LTS s demand model and the fourth stage in LTS s network assignment models. The transport modes considered in the demand model are car, public transport and walk/cycle. Public transport includes buses, National Rail and Underground (including Docklands Light Railway and London Tramlink), and the highway mode includes a specific assignment of cycling trips. Walk trips are not assigned to the network. LTS represents seven journey purposes for personal travel: Home-based work white collar (journey between home and work by people in socio-economic groups 1 to 3) Home-based work blue collar (journey between home and work by people in socio-economic groups 4 to 8) Home-based employers business (journey between home and work at employers expense) Home-based education (journey between home and school, university or college) Home-based other (journey between home and other activity such as shopping or leisure) Non-home-based employers business (trips at employers expense that do not begin or end at home) Non-home-based other (all other trips) LTS s main strengths are that it can model trip distribution and mode choice, and represent variations in the level of demand based on changes to the cost of travel. LTS uses Greater London Authority population and employment forecasting assumptions to model future demand. LTS, like Railplan and the HAMs, can then assign the trips to the public transport and highway networks which cover the whole of the London area in detail. The images opposite give an idea of the complexity and scale of the model. 8 What is LTS?

9 National Rail Network Underground, DLR and London Tramlink Network Highway Network Bus Network The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 9

10 Modelled years and time periods LTS predicts trips for a 24-hour term-time weekday period. It also features detailed assignment models representing average hourly conditions for three key time periods. These periods are: AM Peak (07:00 10:00) Inter Peak (10:00 16:00) PM Peak (16:00 19:00) The model base year is Future year models are available in five-year steps from 2016 to Software and skills LTS has been built using bespoke software on a UNIX platform. A Cube version of the model has also been developed and this is the version of LTS that will be developed further from now on. Using the model requires skills in and experience of UNIX/Cube software and a good understanding of LTS methodology, model assumptions, data preparation and interpretation of results. TfL Planning runs training courses for TfL staff wanting to use LTS. 10 What is LTS?

11 How was LTS developed? The development of LTS began in 1961 with strong links to the London Area Travel Surveys (LATS). These large-scale surveys were repeated every 10 years from 1961 to Since then there has been an annual rolling programme of household surveys known as the London Travel Demand Survey (LTDS). A key feature of LTS is that it is based on extensive data, including household, roadside and public transport surveys and counts. LTS is therefore progressively developed and refined as new survey data becomes available. The current form of LTS emerged in 1998 in the Government Office for London. A review commissioned by TfL in 2006 recommended that LTS could benefit from significant medium-term enhancements. As a result there have been improvements to the highway network (such as updating junction signal timings), new features added including a parking model and cycling assignment, and other enhancements such as updating airport demand. These have culminated in LTS Version 7 which represents 2011 conditions in line with the 2011 Census release. This version is based on the latest public transport surveys and highway data and includes updated networks and modelling assumptions that have been agreed across TfL. LTS Version 7 is available as a UNIX version and in Cube software. It includes an update to the geographical zone base of the model (model zones are used to allocate the start and end points of all trips) to match the higher spatial resolution of TfL s Railplan model. The number of zones has risen from approximately 1,500 to 4,106, with the increase focused on London. Once the 2011 model was finalised, there was a review of forecasting assumptions. The latest population, employment and economic forecasts have been used to produce a set of future year reference cases. LTS is continually developing to meet everchanging needs and policy requirements. Changes to modelling assumptions in LTS can be agreed to meet specific requirements of a study; often this might involve updating economic assumptions or a change to the planning data input to assess the impact of planned development. LTS has been developed with careful adherence to industry guidelines and led or reviewed by experts in the field of transport modelling. In particular, the Department for Transport s Transport Analysis Guidance (WebTAG) was followed to ensure the model is robust and reliable. Experts from consultancies and TfL staff formed a team of experienced transport modellers which has focused on delivering and maintaining LTS to the highest standards possible. Details of the work undertaken have been documented in reports. These reports are available by request. The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 11

12 What can LTS be used for? To understand the potential applications of LTS, it is perhaps important to first understand its limitations. Transport models cannot represent accurately every journey made by every person on every network. They are also not precise in the way they replicate individual behaviour and the interaction between vehicles. There are many factors that affect people s travel behaviour and the day-to-day variation in demand and journey times. Even with an extensive set of observed data, these factors are random and impossible to predict. Attempting to develop a model that represents these variations perfectly is unrealistic and is sometimes referred to as over-fitting. Understanding the limitations of a model is vital to making best use of it and taking advantage of its strengths. The reasonable level of expectation from LTS is that it is able to estimate travel demand, the mode of transport chosen and the likely route choices of trips through the highway and public transport networks. It can also estimate changes in total travel and travel patterns in response to large infrastructure schemes, policy changes and planning data changes. LTS is a strategic model used to provide future travel demand data to TfL s other models such as Railplan and the HAMs. These tools may be more appropriate for detailed assessment of changes to infrastructure or services. When LTS is used for a new project it is usually necessary to review the model and the assumptions made to ensure LTS is fit for the purposes required. The table below gives examples of when to use LTS and where appropriate, suggests alternatives. LTS would be a highly useful tool for this study LTS could be used for this study but an understanding of its limitations in this case would be important LTS is not the best tool for assessing the impacts of this study but could provide some supporting analysis 12 What can LTS be used for?

13 Type of study Key strengths of LTS in this case Key limitations of LTS in this case Other tools to consider Summary advice Assessment of new rail or Tube scheme LTS simulates any change in mode choice as a result of a new rail or Tube scheme so the impact on highway and public transport demand can be assessed Consider using Railplan for modelling more localised public transport impacts in greater detail Railplan Assessment of a potential new strategic highway scheme LTS simulates rerouteing and congestion as well as mode shift so the impact on highway and public transport demand can also be assessed Local highway schemes and impacts on minor streets or turning movements at individual junctions would not be well represented HAMs, microsimulation Assessment of overall changes in population, employment and/or economic factors LTS uses population, employment and economic forecasts to simulate the potential changes in highway and public transport demand, mode choice and routes taken It is important to consider local trip rates to ensure a good response TRICS, TRAVL Assessing changes from encouraging the use of public transport LTS simulates shift in mode choice and assesses the impact on highway trips Small changes might not be well assessed in LTS Railplan Assessing the impact of overall predicted traffic growth Additional traffic impacts should be well represented along with any congestionrelated mode shift LTS provides a strategic viewpoint rather than a detailed local assessment HAMs Opportunity Area Planning Framework Assessment of new residential or employment developments Congestion impacts on highway and public transport services, and any changes in route choice should be well represented Impacts on minor streets or turning movements at individual junctions would not be well represented HAMs, Railplan, microsimulation Assessing the impact of a new policy such as car- lite development LTS can predict the impact of lower car ownership and other policies, and predict the effect on public transport Need to ensure careful changes to modelling assumptions and back up work with other research Spreadsheet assessment, behavioural surveys Applying a new toll on a bridge Strategic changes in route choice as well as more localised congestion impacts are modelled in LTS The modelling of new tolls requires some surveys and preparatory work before considering the modelling aspect HAMs, spreadsheet assessment Modelling the impact of a new cycle scheme New cycling matrices have been included in LTS The modelling of cycling is still in its early stages and is a topic of discussion across the industry HAMs Modelling a strategic traffic intervention on a network Strategic rerouting and congestion impacts can be simulated in LTS along with any changes in transport modes used More localised traffic arrangements may not be represented in LTS or may not have a demonstrable impact HAMs, microsimulation Modelling the effect of installing a new pedestrian crossing Changes would be too local to be represented HAMs, microsimulation The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 13

14 What information can be extracted from LTS? LTS can be used to extract a wide range of information. LTS highway and public transport demand matrices are used as inputs to Railplan and the HAMs. LTS can also be used to compare a number of modelled scenarios to assess the impact of a transport scheme or development. In the first instance, statistics that indicate overall demand levels by mode of transport can be extracted from the model and analysed. These statistics include: The Top Line Stats spreadsheet includes an overview of the model results and is the first point of call for information Area (London borough and model zone) highway statistics total distance travelled, total time taken, average speed, average vehicle delay Area public transport statistics for each sub-mode numbers for boarding and alighting, crowded conditions, passenger distance travelled, total travel time Highway, public transport and walk/cycle demand matrices number of trip origins and destinations per model zone and mode Highway and public transport network statistics showing route and link information such as capacity, distance and journey time Transport flows crossing defined points, such as river crossings, by direction Demand information by journey purpose 14 What information can be extracted from LTS?

15 Highway Delay Rate (mins/km) 2031 Reference Case, Morning Peak The data can be presented in a variety of different ways such as in tabular or graphical format. A Geographical Information System (GIS) allows the data to be mapped and seen graphically and is a very effective method of presentation. Another important use of LTS is for an economic appraisal of large-scale infrastructure and policy schemes. LTS has an inbuilt economic appraisal module known as Eco2. Information on the number of trips, distance travelled and time taken can be extracted from two model scenarios and used to measure the benefit of one scenario over another in terms of factors such as time savings, fuel costs and the environment. Comparing this to the costs of the scheme being tested can provide an understanding of whether a scheme is worthwhile and how it compares against alternative schemes. The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 15

16 How can I use LTS? LTS is available for all types of organisations to use in appropriate studies. This may include use by the London boroughs, other public authorities and private developers, as well as all TfL departments. LTS uses significant computer storage space and so all users log on via remote access to TfL servers. The complexity of the modelling assumptions means TfL has stricter control over LTS modelling than for Railplan or the HAMs. Any model enhancements undertaken for a project should be documented and returned. When LTS is required for use on a project, the project sponsor who commissions the work needs to be licensed to use the model. There is a fee to use LTS. This fee is only for access to the model and there may be additional charges. Details of our current model access fees are available from Licensing The use of LTS is controlled by a licensing arrangement. This is to ensure users have the appropriate expertise needed to enhance and run LTS and interpret the results. 16 How can I use LTS?

17 Typical LTS project life cycle This figure gives an example of a project life cycle that involves the use of LTS. It emphasises the interaction that often occurs between the modelling task and the other appraisal and assessment associated with the project. Timescales on each project tend to vary from a matter of weeks to many months, depending on the scope and complexity. Inception Consideration of modelling work required Consideration of whether LTS or any other models would be appropriate Ensure model accreditation and licensing is in place Implementation of modelling task Carry out a model review and allow time for data collection and/or model refinements if necessary Plan project programme, ensuring that all modelling outputs required for other appraisal and assessment can be provided in good time Allow for iteration with other appraisal and assessment Ensure the required model outputs and analysis are clearly defined Implementation of other appraisal and assessment Plan project programme, ensuring all modelling inputs can be provided in good time Allow for iteration with modelling task Reporting Make use of modelling expertise to ensure model results are interpreted correctly Be clear about the modelling methods used State any limitations associated with the modelling conclusions drawn Review Discuss the project as a whole and its use of the model Consider what went well and what could be improved Return any new versions of the model to TfL at project close The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 17

18 More information and contacts For queries about LTS, please contact the Strategic Analysis team in TfL Planning using one of the addresses below: For all general LTS queries For licensing and accreditation queries 18 More information and contacts

19 The London Transportation Studies Model (LTS) 19

20 Transport for London Windsor House Victoria Street London SW1H 0TL July 2016 tfl.gov.uk FL16_099

London s Highway Assignment Models

London s Highway Assignment Models London s Highway Assignment Models July 2016 Introduction Contents 3 Introduction 4 Why do we need transport models? 6 TfL s suite of models 8 What are the HAMs? 10 How were the HAMs developed? 12 What

More information

Why build the Silvertown Tunnel?

Why build the Silvertown Tunnel? Why build the Silvertown Tunnel? Over the last 30 years east London has changed with the redevelopment of former industrial areas into major commercial and residential districts. The development of Canary

More information

Fares Policy In London: Impact on Bus Patronage

Fares Policy In London: Impact on Bus Patronage Fares Policy In London: Impact on Bus Patronage Agenda Introduction to Transport for London Overview of Bus Patronage in London Changes in Policy and patronage since 2000 Fares Strategy Ticketing Strategy

More information

OVERVIEW MAJOR FEATURES OF THE MODEL. Some important features of the model set are listed below.

OVERVIEW MAJOR FEATURES OF THE MODEL. Some important features of the model set are listed below. Support to the Casey Overpass Study Central Transportation Planning Staff Support Staff to the Boston Region MPO Overview of the Regional Travel Demand Model Set May 18, 2011 OVERVIEW The model set that

More information

Heading goes here Residential Parking Provision

Heading goes here Residential Parking Provision Transport for London Heading goes here Residential Parking Provision Sub-heading New Developments text goes here Travel in London Research Report Text page Style 1 body copy goes here. MAYOR OF LONDON

More information

London Freight Plan Data Modelling

London Freight Plan Data Modelling London Freight Plan Data Modelling Stephen Steele Friday 9 th June 2006 tfl.gov.uk/freight Contents London Freight Plan (LFP) & Proposals Vison & Aims Proposals & Critical Success Factors Freight Plan

More information

2014/15 Performance Measures and Targets

2014/15 Performance Measures and Targets Surface Transport Panel Date: 9 April 2014 Item 6: formance Measures and Targets This report will be considered in public 1 Summary 1.1 The purpose of this paper is to provide the Panel with an overview

More information

Land Use & Transport Integration in Scotland (LATIS): A National Carbon Footprint

Land Use & Transport Integration in Scotland (LATIS): A National Carbon Footprint Land Use & Transport Integration in Scotland (LATIS): A National Carbon Footprint Hugh Gillies, Stephen Cragg, Transport Scotland Jeff Davidson, Kevin Lumsden, MVA Consultancy 1. INTRODUCTION Interest

More information

Residential Development Travel Plan

Residential Development Travel Plan Residential Development Travel Plan A Template for Developers Name of Development (Address) Name of Developer (Contact Details) Date of Travel Plan For office use: Planning reference.. /.. /.. Residential

More information

Delivering a road freight legacy

Delivering a road freight legacy Delivering a road freight legacy Working together for safer, greener and more efficient deliveries in London Contents Section 1 Introduction 3 Section 2 The London Freight Forum 5 Section 3 Achievements

More information

This report was produced by Atkins Limited for Wiltshire Council for the specific purpose of the Salisbury Transport Strategy.

This report was produced by Atkins Limited for Wiltshire Council for the specific purpose of the Salisbury Transport Strategy. Salisbury Transport Strategy Final Draft Problems and Issues Addendum July 2011 Notice This report was produced by Atkins Limited for Wiltshire Council for the specific purpose of the Salisbury Transport

More information

Trapeze Rail System Simulation and Planning

Trapeze Rail System Simulation and Planning trapeze Rail System English Software for Rail Modelling and Planning Trapeze Rail System Simulation and Planning www.trapezegroup.com Enabling future railway plans Cost reductions through integrated planning

More information

Prepared by Reg Evans, for Congestion Charging Modelling and Evaluation Team

Prepared by Reg Evans, for Congestion Charging Modelling and Evaluation Team Transport for London Congestion Charging Central London Congestion Charging Scheme: ex-post evaluation of the quantified impacts of the original scheme Prepared by Reg Evans, for Congestion Charging Modelling

More information

Chapter 12: Funding Implications

Chapter 12: Funding Implications Chapter 12: Funding Implications Contents Page Number Introduction 566 Major Schemes 566 Core Proposals 567 Large Capital Proposals 569 List of Tables Page Number Table 12.1: TFL s Business Plan /6 29/1

More information

London 2012 Travel Demand Management Chris HANLEY

London 2012 Travel Demand Management Chris HANLEY Chris HANLEY Abstract Travel Demand Management (sometimes referred to as Transport Demand Management or Transport Mobility Management) can be defined as the application of strategies to reduce demand on

More information

Transport for London. Travel in London. Key trends and developments Report number 1 MAYOR OF LONDON. Transport for London

Transport for London. Travel in London. Key trends and developments Report number 1 MAYOR OF LONDON. Transport for London Transport for London Travel in London Key trends and developments Report number 1 MAYOR OF LONDON Transport for London Transport for London 2009 All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted for research,

More information

TACTICAL TOOLS FOR INTEGRATED RAIL SERVICE PLANNING

TACTICAL TOOLS FOR INTEGRATED RAIL SERVICE PLANNING TACTICAL TOOLS FOR INTEGRATED RAIL SERVICE PLANNING Achieving integrated control of train loads, and other rail service planning issues, through the use of computer models Tim Gent AEA Technology Rail

More information

Central London ongestion charging

Central London ongestion charging Transport for London Central London ongestion charging Impacts monitoring Fourth Annual Report, June 2006 Overview MAYOR OF LONDON Transport for London 2006 All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted

More information

Transport for London. Travel in London, Supplementary Report: London Travel Demand Survey (LTDS)

Transport for London. Travel in London, Supplementary Report: London Travel Demand Survey (LTDS) Transport for London Travel in London, Supplementary Report: London Travel Demand Survey (LTDS) i Transport for London 2011 All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted for research, private study and internal

More information

Executive Summary. Drivers of Demand for Travel in London: A review of trends in travel demand and their causes

Executive Summary. Drivers of Demand for Travel in London: A review of trends in travel demand and their causes Executive Summary Drivers of Demand for Travel in London: A review of trends in travel demand and their causes Executive Summary Executive Summary... 1 Why review travel trends?... 6 How has travel changed?...

More information

Northern Ireland Strategic Transport Model

Northern Ireland Strategic Transport Model Northern Ireland Strategic Transport Model Clare Lindsay 22 February 2016 Overview NI strategic transport model structure Building the base year model Representing travel in 2013 Checking it works Compare

More information

Computer based Transport Planning

Computer based Transport Planning www.ptvag.com Computer based Transport Planning Thomas Haupt, PTV AG The challenge Urbanisation > Growing motorization > Growing (working) population > Growing demand for transport Need > Provide mobility,

More information

Gatwick Airport Limited Technical Report in response to Airports Commission Consultation Congestion Charge

Gatwick Airport Limited Technical Report in response to Airports Commission Consultation Congestion Charge Technical Report in response to Airports Commission Consultation FINAL 27 May 2015 This report takes into account the particular instructions and requirements of our client. It is not intended for and

More information

Mobility Management in the Build-up to the London Olympic and Paralympic Games. Adrian Bell Transport for London Cycling, Walking & Accessibility

Mobility Management in the Build-up to the London Olympic and Paralympic Games. Adrian Bell Transport for London Cycling, Walking & Accessibility Mobility Management in the Build-up to the London Olympic and Paralympic Games Adrian Bell Transport for London Cycling, Walking & Accessibility Presentation for POLIS Network 19 December 2007 Walking

More information

TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT GUIDANCE

TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT GUIDANCE TRANSPORT ASSESSMENT GUIDANCE Contents 1 INTRODUCTION...1 Purpose of the Guidance...1 Policy Context...1 Who Should Read This Document?...2 Structure of Guidance...3 2 ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES AND PROCESS...4

More information

May 2015. The Right Direction. The Mayor s Strategy for improving transport safety, security and reliability in London 2015-2017 Executive Summary

May 2015. The Right Direction. The Mayor s Strategy for improving transport safety, security and reliability in London 2015-2017 Executive Summary May 2015 The Right Direction The Mayor s Strategy for improving transport safety, security and reliability in London 2015-2017 Executive Summary Greater London Authority May 2015 Published by Greater London

More information

A Transportation Modeling Primer

A Transportation Modeling Primer A Transportation Modeling Primer By Edward A. Beimborn Center for Urban Transportation Studies University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, May 1995, updated June 2006 (This document has been incorporated into a

More information

The M6 Toll ten years on

The M6 Toll ten years on The M6 Toll ten years on Contents: 1. Ten years of the M6 Toll key facts and figures... 2 2. Comparison with five years ago... 5 3. Lessons of the M6 Toll problems with bringing private finance into road

More information

TOLL IMPACT STUDY. Final Report. August 2007

TOLL IMPACT STUDY. Final Report. August 2007 TOLL IMPACT STUDY Final Report August 2007 Prepared for: Prepared by: Scottish Executive Enterprise Transport & Lifelong Learning Dept Transport Road Pricing Team Transport Analytical Services Victoria

More information

Introduction Designing a Highway Assignment Model Validation and Convergence Standards Calibration and Validation Data

Introduction Designing a Highway Assignment Model Validation and Convergence Standards Calibration and Validation Data Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Scope of the Unit 1 1.2 Relationship of this Unit to Other Advice 1 2 Designing a Highway Assignment Model 2 2.1 Introduction 2 2.2 Modelled Area 2 2.3 Zoning System 4 2.4

More information

FAIR FARES FOR LONDON FROM A GREEN MAYOR

FAIR FARES FOR LONDON FROM A GREEN MAYOR 4 January 2016 FAIR FARES FOR LONDON FROM A GREEN MAYOR London s transport isn t serving everyone equally. It s not fair that people in outer London pay so much more to get to work on public transport.

More information

Bromley Town Centre. Transport Strategy Supporting the Area Action Plan. Evidence Base

Bromley Town Centre. Transport Strategy Supporting the Area Action Plan. Evidence Base Bromley Town Centre Transport Strategy Supporting the Area Action Plan Evidence Base Produced on behalf of London Borough of Bromley by Peter Brett Associates LLP April 29 Bromley Town Centre AAP Evidence

More information

Analysis of Cycling Potential Policy Analysis Research Report

Analysis of Cycling Potential Policy Analysis Research Report Policy Analysis Research Report December 2010 Transport for London 2010 All rights reserved. Reproduction permitted for research, private study and internal circulation within an organisation. Extracts

More information

GTA Cordon Count Program

GTA Cordon Count Program Transportation Trends 2001-2011 Executive Summary Project No. TR12 0722 September 2013 1.0 Introduction The Cordon Count program was established to collect traffic data as a tool for measuring travel trends

More information

Innovations in London s transport: Big Data for a better customer experience

Innovations in London s transport: Big Data for a better customer experience Innovations in London s transport: Big Data for a better customer experience Lauren Sager Weinstein Head of Analytics, Customer Experience Transport for London November 2015 Today s presentation agenda

More information

RIVER CROSSINGS: EAST OF SILVERTOWN CROSSINGS

RIVER CROSSINGS: EAST OF SILVERTOWN CROSSINGS TRANSPORT FOR LONDON RIVER CROSSINGS: EAST OF SILVERTOWN CROSSINGS SUPPORTING TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION NEEDS AND OPTIONS REPORT This document contains information relevant to the following options: TfL

More information

A TRANSPORT MODEL FOR THE ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES 2004

A TRANSPORT MODEL FOR THE ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES 2004 A TRANSPORT MODEL FOR THE ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES 2004 Anna Anastasaki, Modeling and Planning Manager, Attiko Metro S.A., Greece. Demetrios Panayiotakopoulos, GIS Expert, Attiko Metro S.A., Greece. 11 th

More information

From Big Data to Smart Data How to improve public transport through modelling and simulation.

From Big Data to Smart Data How to improve public transport through modelling and simulation. From Big Data to Smart Data How to improve public transport through modelling and simulation. Dr. Alex Erath, Pieter Fourie, Sergio Ordó ~ nez, Artem Chakirov FCL Research Module: Mobility and Transportation

More information

Transit Demand Estimates

Transit Demand Estimates Transit Demand Estimates E. Beimborn, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Purpose To determine impact on ridership and revenues from new systems or any changes in service or policy. Need to know how demand

More information

Guidance note on passenger demand forecasting for third party funded local rail schemes

Guidance note on passenger demand forecasting for third party funded local rail schemes Guidance note on passenger demand forecasting for third party funded local rail schemes Table of Contents Chapter 1 - Introduction and context Scope of guidance (how this guidance differs from all the

More information

Cathkin Relief Road Planning Statement

Cathkin Relief Road Planning Statement Cathkin Relief Road Planning Statement The Proposal This statement sets out the background to the Cathkin Relief Road project currently being progressed by South Lanarkshire Council. The project will provide

More information

Roads Task Force - Technical Note 10 What is the capacity of the road network for private motorised traffic and how has this changed over time?

Roads Task Force - Technical Note 10 What is the capacity of the road network for private motorised traffic and how has this changed over time? Roads Task Force - Technical Note 10 What is the capacity of the road network for private motorised traffic and how has this changed over time? Introduction This paper forms one of a series of thematic

More information

Bus Users in Sydney. Transport Data Centre ISSUES PAPER 2002/02 DECEMBER 2002 ISSN 1325-9253 ISBN 0 7313 2821 3

Bus Users in Sydney. Transport Data Centre ISSUES PAPER 2002/02 DECEMBER 2002 ISSN 1325-9253 ISBN 0 7313 2821 3 ISSUES PAPER 2002/02 DECEMBER 2002 ISSN 1325-9253 ISBN 0 7313 2821 3 Bus Users in Sydney Bus Users in Sydney presents the latest information on bus travel and bus travellers living in the Sydney Statistical

More information

11. Monitoring. 11.1 Performance monitoring in LTP2

11. Monitoring. 11.1 Performance monitoring in LTP2 178 11. Monitoring 11.1 Performance monitoring in LTP2 Performance against the suite of indicators adopted for LTP2 is shown in the following table. This shows progress between 2005/06 and 2009/10 (the

More information

This paper provides the Panel with an annual update on the progress and plans for delivering sustainability in TfL.

This paper provides the Panel with an annual update on the progress and plans for delivering sustainability in TfL. Safety, Acessibility and Sustainability Panel Date: 18 December 2014 Item 7: Sustainability Update This paper will be considered in public 1 Summary This paper provides the Panel with an annual update

More information

Managing Extreme Weather at Transport for London. ARCC Assembly - 12 June 2014 Helen Woolston, Transport for London Sustainability Coordinator

Managing Extreme Weather at Transport for London. ARCC Assembly - 12 June 2014 Helen Woolston, Transport for London Sustainability Coordinator Managing Extreme Weather at Transport for London ARCC Assembly - 12 June 2014 Helen Woolston, Transport for London Sustainability Coordinator Slide list (wont show) Long Term Climate Change 1. What TfL

More information

Transport Mobility Management: Small Changes - Big Impacts

Transport Mobility Management: Small Changes - Big Impacts Transport Mobility Management: Small Changes - Big Impacts Understanding TMM in the Urban Context Damian PRICE and Amy LEATHER Abstract Although Transport Mobility Management (TMM) is still considered

More information

Improving public transport access to Heathrow Airport

Improving public transport access to Heathrow Airport Improving public transport access to Heathrow Airport Update 1, Response to Consultation Summer 2009 1 A project being promoted by BAA www.heathrowairport.com/airtrack Heathrow Airtrack Heathrow Airtrack

More information

TfL 2013/14 Quarter 3 Performance Report

TfL 2013/14 Quarter 3 Performance Report A London TravelWatch report The voice of transport users TfL 2013/14 Quarter 3 Performance Report May 2014 TfL 2013/14 Quarter 3 Performance Report London TravelWatch is the official body set up by Parliament

More information

Demand for Long Distance Travel

Demand for Long Distance Travel Demand for Long Distance Travel April 2011 Demand for long distance travel 1 Structure of this paper 1.1 This paper is structured as follows: Section 2 sets out past trends in the demand for long distance

More information

Construction Logistics Plan Guidance

Construction Logistics Plan Guidance Construction Logistics Plan Guidance For planners MAYOR OF LONDON Transport for London Section 1 Introduction Contents Section 1 Introduction 3 Section 2 Policy background 6 Section 3 Typical contents

More information

PUBLIC TRANSPORT NETWORK DESIGN AND APPRAISAL A CASE STUDY OF PORTO

PUBLIC TRANSPORT NETWORK DESIGN AND APPRAISAL A CASE STUDY OF PORTO Advanced OR and AI Methods in Transportation PUBLIC TRANSPORT NETWORK DESIGN AND APPRAISAL A CASE STUDY OF PORTO Álvaro COSTA 1, Pedro ABRANTES, Oana GROZAVU, Sílvia MAGALHÃES Abstract. The city of Porto

More information

2 Vision and objectives

2 Vision and objectives 14 Vision and objectives 2 Vision and objectives Summary This chapter outlines the local context set by the Community Strategy and the Council s own priorities for developing the long-term vision for local

More information

Travel Information London Borough of Camden

Travel Information London Borough of Camden Travel Information London Borough of Camden 1. Camden Passenger and Accessible Transport Team Provides accessible transport solutions for older people or anyone with a disability who has a need to travel.

More information

1. What are the major economic and social challenges facing London and its commuter hinterland over the next two to three decades?

1. What are the major economic and social challenges facing London and its commuter hinterland over the next two to three decades? Royal Borough of Greenwich Response to the National Infrastructure Commission call for evidence 1. What are the major economic and social challenges facing London and its commuter hinterland over the next

More information

Technical note. 1. Background. 2. Document Purpose. Project: A350 Chippenham Dualling

Technical note. 1. Background. 2. Document Purpose. Project: A350 Chippenham Dualling Project: A350 Chippenham Dualling Subject: Benefits Realisation Plan & Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Date: 14 February 2013 1. Background Restrictions to the capacity of the A350 to the north of Chippenham

More information

Network Rail October 2007 Strategic Business Plan. Supporting Document. Demand Forecasting in the SBP

Network Rail October 2007 Strategic Business Plan. Supporting Document. Demand Forecasting in the SBP Network Rail October 2007 Strategic Business Plan Supporting Document 2 Executive Summary The capacity strategy in the SBP is drawn from a range of sources. The HLOSs specify a small number of key schemes

More information

Policy for the Provision of Pedestrian Crossings and Pedestrian Facility at Traffic Signals Junctions

Policy for the Provision of Pedestrian Crossings and Pedestrian Facility at Traffic Signals Junctions Policy for the Provision of Pedestrian Crossings and Pedestrian Facility at Traffic Signals Junctions. Introduction This policy explains how requests for new pedestrian crossings will be considered. This

More information

The next period of major service changes begin in December 2014, continuing into next year with some long-term changes taking place to some services

The next period of major service changes begin in December 2014, continuing into next year with some long-term changes taking place to some services January 2015 Impacts and travel advice Intro As part of the Government-sponsored Thameslink Programme, Network Rail is rebuilding London Bridge mainline rail station to provide more space, improved connections

More information

SOMERSET INN, PAULTON Accessibility Comparison with other Consented Sites

SOMERSET INN, PAULTON Accessibility Comparison with other Consented Sites SOMERSET INN, PAULTON Accessibility Comparison with other Consented Sites Introduction Poulton Ltd has submitted a planning application for residential development of land to the rear of the former Bath

More information

Guangzhou 5/26/ Introduction. 2. Current conditions. 3. Detailed BRT conceptual plan. 4. Benefits of BRT in Guangzhou. 5.

Guangzhou 5/26/ Introduction. 2. Current conditions. 3. Detailed BRT conceptual plan. 4. Benefits of BRT in Guangzhou. 5. Guangzhou Construction Commission 2 June 2008, Stuttgart 3. Detailed BRT conceptual plan plan 4. Benefits of BRT in Guangzhou 5. BRT Authority 6. Conclusions 2 3 4 Guangzhou Capital of Guangdong province

More information

Central London Congestion Charging

Central London Congestion Charging Transport for London Central London Congestion Charging Impacts monitoring Sixth Annual Report, July 2008 MAYOR OF LONDON Transport for London Transport for London 2008 All rights reserved. Reproduction

More information

City Centre Future Access Study

City Centre Future Access Study City Centre Future Access Study STUDY TECHNICAL REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. The Auckland City Centre will face significant access issues across all entry points from as early as 2021. This constrained

More information

Regional Transport Models

Regional Transport Models Regional Transport Models Alison Cox Roger Himlin Revised v2 Feb 16 Background and Objectives Background Highways England tasked with delivering over 100 major schemes within RIS1 2015 2020. Historically

More information

TfL and Network Rail s consultation on Crossrail 2 Response from London First

TfL and Network Rail s consultation on Crossrail 2 Response from London First TfL and Network Rail s consultation on Crossrail 2 Response from London First The online consultation (including background material) can be accessed via the following link. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/27405.aspx

More information

Transportation Education Series: Travel Demand Modeling. David Reinke November 2012

Transportation Education Series: Travel Demand Modeling. David Reinke November 2012 Transportation Education Series: Travel Demand Modeling David Reinke November 2012 Presentation overview What are travel demand models? Why use them? How do they work? What goes into building them? What

More information

Guidance for the production

Guidance for the production Guidance for the production of Workplace Travel Plans - with examples Important Note This document is designed to provide a basic structure and guidance for companies and developers when producing a Travel

More information

RESPONSE TO SHAPING LONDON PUBLIC CONSULTATION DRAFTS

RESPONSE TO SHAPING LONDON PUBLIC CONSULTATION DRAFTS BEXLEY LA21 NATURAL ENVIRONMENT FOCUS GROUP RESPONSE TO SHAPING LONDON PUBLIC CONSULTATION DRAFTS Introduction:- Bexley LA21 Natural Environment Focus Group (NEFG) consists of voluntary organizations and

More information

RIVER CROSSINGS: SILVERTOWN TUNNEL

RIVER CROSSINGS: SILVERTOWN TUNNEL TRANSPORT FOR LONDON RIVER CROSSINGS: SILVERTOWN TUNNEL SUPPORTING TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION BASE YEAR MODEL AUDIT Steer Davies Gleave October 2014 This report provides an independent review of TfL s 2012

More information

VOLUME 2 : MAIN PROOF OF EVIDENCE MANCHESTER AIRPORT GROUP (MAG) ALISTAIR ANDREW

VOLUME 2 : MAIN PROOF OF EVIDENCE MANCHESTER AIRPORT GROUP (MAG) ALISTAIR ANDREW The Network Rail (Ordsall Chord) Order NR POE / 13 TRANSPORT AND WORKS ORDER ACT 1992 PLANNING (LISTED BUILDINGS AND CONSERVATION AREAS) ACT 1990 TRANSPORT AND WORKS (INQUIRIES PROCEDURES) RULES 2004 THE

More information

Transport for London Policy Analysis Division. Demand Elasticities for Car Trips to Central London as revealed by the Central London Congestion Charge

Transport for London Policy Analysis Division. Demand Elasticities for Car Trips to Central London as revealed by the Central London Congestion Charge Transport for London Policy Analysis Division Demand Elasticities for Car Trips to Central London as revealed by the Central London Congestion Charge Prepared by Reg Evans for the Modelling and Evaluation

More information

RESPONSE TO SYDNEY OLYMPIC PARK MASTER PLAN 2030 DRAFT

RESPONSE TO SYDNEY OLYMPIC PARK MASTER PLAN 2030 DRAFT 20 August 2008 Director Strategic Assessments Department of Planning GPO Box 39 Sydney NSW 2001 To whom it may concern, RESPONSE TO SYDNEY OLYMPIC PARK MASTER PLAN 2030 DRAFT TOURISM & TRANSPORT FORUM

More information

PTE/16/29. Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016. Air Quality and Car Emissions. Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment

PTE/16/29. Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016. Air Quality and Car Emissions. Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment PTE/16/29 Place Scrutiny Committee 14 June 2016 Air Quality and Car Emissions Report of the Head of Planning, Transportation and Environment 1. Background/Introduction At County Council in December 2015

More information

Tbilisi LRT network project

Tbilisi LRT network project Local Economic Development Forum May 4 th 2011 Tbilisi, Georgia 1 Modern Solutions for Urban Mobility 1 Contents 1. Study background 2. Household survey 3. Development of multimodal transportation model

More information

Innovative Transportation Modelling Tools Citilabs Cube

Innovative Transportation Modelling Tools Citilabs Cube Innovation in Transport and Crowd Management Forum 2014 Innovative Transportation Modelling Tools Citilabs Cube Tor Vorraa Citilabs Regional Director Outline What exactly is transport modelling and simulation?

More information

Macroscopic and Microscopic Simulation for the Evaluation of People Mover Systems

Macroscopic and Microscopic Simulation for the Evaluation of People Mover Systems www.ptvag.com Macroscopic and Microscopic Simulation for the Evaluation of People Mover Systems Dr. Peter Mott, Sven Beller PTV AG 2010 Contents Why Transport Planning & Simulation? The Macroscopic View

More information

TRANSPORTATION MODELLING IN CALGARY

TRANSPORTATION MODELLING IN CALGARY TRANSPORTATION MODELLING IN CALGARY Why Do We Use Transportation Models? There are three approaches that can be used for proceeding to develop a transportation system for Calgary s future. One approach

More information

Ideal Public Transport Fares

Ideal Public Transport Fares Ideal Public Transport Fares Mike Smart 29 April 2014 Sapere Research Group Limited www.srgexpert.com Energy & natural resources Regulated industries Health policy & analysis Public administration & finance

More information

Transit Successes and Challenges in Fairfax County

Transit Successes and Challenges in Fairfax County Transit Successes and Challenges in Fairfax County Virginia Association of Counties 2012 Annual Conference November 12, 2012 Jeffery C. McKay Supervisor, Lee District Fairfax County Board of Supervisors

More information

TRANSPORT FOR LONDON BOARD CROXLEY RAIL LINK PROPOSED TRANSPORT AND WORKS ACT ORDER

TRANSPORT FOR LONDON BOARD CROXLEY RAIL LINK PROPOSED TRANSPORT AND WORKS ACT ORDER AGENDA ITEM 8 TRANSPORT FOR LONDON BOARD SUBJECT: CROXLEY RAIL LINK PROPOSED TRANSPORT AND WORKS ACT ORDER DATE: 7 DECEMBER 2011 1 PURPOSE AND DECISION REQUIRED 1.1 The purpose of this paper is to update

More information

London s Bus Service Key Performance Indicators. Head of Technical Services Group

London s Bus Service Key Performance Indicators. Head of Technical Services Group London s Bus Service Key Performance Indicators Simon Reed Head of Technical Services Group Transport for London March 2011 Arjan van Andel ITS Sales TrapezeITS 1 Contents 1. Background to TfL and the

More information

Climate Change Adaptation for London s Transport System

Climate Change Adaptation for London s Transport System Climate Change Adaptation for London s Transport System Helen Woolston London Climate Change Partnership, 1 Contents This presentation will cover: London Climate Change Partnership Climate Change Adaptation

More information

Urban Intelligent Transport Solutions. Connecting the World with Smarter Solutions

Urban Intelligent Transport Solutions. Connecting the World with Smarter Solutions Urban Intelligent Transport Solutions Connecting the World with Smarter Solutions Local knowledge, global expertise Our smarter mobility experts fully understand urban transport networks and the challenges

More information

Data Collection and Sampling issues -Preparing Low Carbon Mobility Plan

Data Collection and Sampling issues -Preparing Low Carbon Mobility Plan Department of Civil Engineering/TRIPP Indian Institute of Technology Delhi http://tripp.iitd.ac.in Data Collection and Sampling issues -Preparing Low Carbon Mobility Plan K. Ramachandra Rao, G. Tiwari,

More information

Tracking data for planning and policy

Tracking data for planning and policy Tracking data for planning and policy Results of the TRACE assessment of potential João Bernardino TIS, Portugal Bremen, 12 th April 2016 Contents 2 Research questions and overview of work Potential uses

More information

Cycle Network Modelling A new evidence-based approach to the creation of cycling strategy

Cycle Network Modelling A new evidence-based approach to the creation of cycling strategy Cycle Network Modelling A new evidence-based approach to the creation of cycling strategy A The Business Cycle, London, mapping of commuter cycle routes and hotspots, 2000. A It is refreshing to see an

More information

Abu Dhabi Travel Patterns Highlights of the 2009 Survey Results

Abu Dhabi Travel Patterns Highlights of the 2009 Survey Results Abu Dhabi Travel Patterns Highlights of the 2009 Survey Results Department of Transport P.O.Box 20, Abu Dhabi, UAE, Tel: +971 2 656 6666, Fax: +971 2 635 9666 info@dot.abudhabi.ae www.dot.abudhabi.ae Released

More information

Ranks Action Plan 2015

Ranks Action Plan 2015 Section 1 Text Ranks Action Plan 2015 MAYOR OF LONDON 2 Foreword The Capital s taxis are iconic, recognised by Londoners and visitors alike as being part of the city s fabric. Around 70 million taxi journeys

More information

DEVELOPING STATEWIDE WEEKEND TRAVEL DEMAND FORECAST AND MODE CHOICE MODELS FOR NEW JERSEY

DEVELOPING STATEWIDE WEEKEND TRAVEL DEMAND FORECAST AND MODE CHOICE MODELS FOR NEW JERSEY DEVELOPING STATEWIDE WEEKEND TRAVEL DEMAND FORECAST AND MODE CHOICE MODELS FOR NEW JERSEY Rongfang (Rachel) Liu, PhD., AICP, PE Yi Deng New Jersey Institute of Technology 87 th TRB Annual Conference January

More information

Cardiff Council Travel Planning Resources A Guide to Travel Surveys. A Guide to Travel Surveys

Cardiff Council Travel Planning Resources A Guide to Travel Surveys. A Guide to Travel Surveys A Guide to Travel Surveys 1 2009 Contents 1. Introduction to Travel Surveys 2. Sample Snapshot Travel Survey 3. Sample Travel Survey 4. Analysing Travel Survey data 5. Using Travel Survey data in developing

More information

Transport for London. Projects and Planning Panel. The Future of London s Ticketing Technology

Transport for London. Projects and Planning Panel. The Future of London s Ticketing Technology Agenda Item 4 Transport for London Projects and Planning Panel Subject: The Future of London s Ticketing Technology Date: 26 February 2014 1 Purpose 1.1 The panel requested an update on the future of London's

More information

Around 33 million journeys are currently made on Metrolink every year. This is forecast to increase to 44 million journeys by 2019.

Around 33 million journeys are currently made on Metrolink every year. This is forecast to increase to 44 million journeys by 2019. 1. Introduction Transport for Greater Manchester oversees transport and travel across Greater Manchester, home of the UK s largest regional economy outside London and a diverse population of over 2.7 million

More information

Leicestershire County Council Transport Trends in Leicestershire 2014. Transport Data and Intelligence (TDI)

Leicestershire County Council Transport Trends in Leicestershire 2014. Transport Data and Intelligence (TDI) Leicestershire County Council Transport Trends in Leicestershire 2014 Transport Data and Intelligence (TDI) Table of Contents Contents List of Tables... 3 List of Figures... 3 Overview... 5 Traffic Growth...

More information

Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012

Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012 Wigan and Leigh College Sustainable Travel Plan 2012 Introduction Wigan and Leigh College is an institution of further and higher education in North West England. It operates on two main sites in Wigan

More information

Car Parking and Traffic Management around Public Schools

Car Parking and Traffic Management around Public Schools Car Parking and Traffic Management around Public Schools Images courtesy of clip art This project, commissioned by the LGA of SA, focuses on developing a decision making framework for managing car and

More information

Integrated Public Transport. Planning. National workshop on promoting sustainable transport solutions for East Africa

Integrated Public Transport. Planning. National workshop on promoting sustainable transport solutions for East Africa Integrated Public Transport National workshop on promoting sustainable transport solutions for East Africa Carly Koinange, GEF Sustran Consultant UN-HABITAT Urban Mobility Unit Urban Basic Services Branch

More information

T-BEST: Nothing But the Best for All Your Transit Planning and Ridership Forecasting Needs

T-BEST: Nothing But the Best for All Your Transit Planning and Ridership Forecasting Needs T-BEST: Nothing But the Best for All Your Transit Planning and Ridership Forecasting Needs Have you been looking for a transit planning tool that: accurately forecasts transit ridership and accessibility

More information

Overview of the Travel Demand Forecasting Methodology

Overview of the Travel Demand Forecasting Methodology Overview of the Travel Demand Forecasting Methodology Prepared by the Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) Authors: Scott A. Peterson, Manager Ian Harrington, Chief Planner March 29, 2008 1 OVERVIEW

More information

Siemens & London. Copyright Siemens plc 2010. All rights reserved.

Siemens & London. Copyright Siemens plc 2010. All rights reserved. Siemens & London. All rights reserved. Agenda London view Legal framework Original objectives TfL 2025 transport strategy Siemens involvement Western Extension Zone Congestion Charge Eastern Refresh Low

More information

Penalty Fare Appeals Policy

Penalty Fare Appeals Policy Penalty Fare Appeals Policy Version 6 Issue date: 08 May 2015 This policy supersedes any previous policy, is accurate at time of publishing and is subject to periodic review. 1 Penalty Fare Appeals Policy

More information