Annuals for Shade. Family: Balsaminaceae Common Names: Impatiens, Impatiens, Busy Lizzie, Sultana. Lecture Note Series

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1 Annuals for Shade Lecture Note Series Annuals for Shade Impatiens Impatiens wallerana New Guinea Impatiens Impatiens New Guinea Wax Begonia Begonia semperflorens-cultorum Coleus (Coleus x hybridus) Solenostemon scutellarioides Fuchsia Fuchsia x hybrida Impatiens wallerana Family: Balsaminaceae Common Names: Impatiens, Impatiens, Busy Lizzie, Sultana 1

2 Impatiens wallerana Size: 6-18 by Spacing: small 8, large 12 apart Habit: Mounded Hardiness: Annual/ tender Light: Full to Part Shade Soil: Moist (especially in sunny areas) More water and fertilizer = bigger plants Impatiens wallerana Bloom: Continuous (summer till frost) free flowering Flower Color: Red, white, pink, orange, purple, yellow Additional Benefits: Butterflies, hummingbirds, long lasting bloom Impatiens wallerana Pests- slugs, spider mites (especially indoors), necrotic spot virus, sunburn in direct sun Combination: Ferns, hostas, alyssum in planter Uses: edging, ground cover, hanging baskets & planters 2

3 Impatiens wallerana Cultivars Blitz is most sun/heat tolerant Accent dwarf plant (8 ) large flowers Super Elfin - compact Seashell series yellow, peach, apricot, papaya, passion or tangerine Double Fiesta, Carousel, Fanciful (semi) Miniature Firefly Mosaic, Dazzler,.. African - Jungle Gold Impatiens wallerana Notes: Overwinter indoors pot original plant - move inside start new plants as cuttings watch for mites Native to Eastern Africa - WI relative - Jewel Weed (Impatiens pallida), shooting seeds, cures stinging nettle Impatiens New Guinea Family: Balsaminaceae Common Names: Sun Impatiens, New Guinea Impatiens 3

4 New Guinea Impatiens Size:14 tall and 12 wide Space: 8 apart Habit: Mounded Hardiness: Annual/tender Light: Partial shade - best Soil: moist, especially in full sun New Guinea Impatiens Bloom: summer till frost Larger but fewer flowers Flower Color -rose-red, scarletred, salmon, tangerine, lavender, white Added Benefits - butterflies, hummingbirds, variegated foliage New Guinea Impatiens Pests: Same as impatiens Combinations: Japanese painted fern and rex begonia, alyssum Uses: bedding, baskets, shade gardens and planters 4

5 New Guinea Impatiens Cultivars: Spectra - from seed - large leaves, lots of flowers Tango- from seed - bronze leaves orange flowers New Guinea Impatiens Notes: supposedly more sun tolerant leggier in full sun washed out in full sun watch moisture and mulch soil Overwinter indoors breeders feel newer ones are better many are started by cuttings Begonia semperflorens-cultorum Family: Begoniaceae Common Name: Wax, bedding or Fibrous-rooted Begonia 5

6 Wax Begonia Size: 6-12 tall and wide Space: small 6-8, large 8 to 12 Habit: dense round mound Hardiness: Annual (10) - tender Light: Shade to full sun bronze leaves more sun tolerant Soil: Moist soils (especially in sun) Begonia semperflorens-cultorum Bloom:summer to frost Flower Color - white, pink, red Added benefits - hummingbirds, long blooming, low maintenance, green and bronze foliage Wax Begonia Pests - Botrytis blight & Powdery Mildew Combinations: edging for roses, asparagus fern and other annuals Uses: Edging plant, bedding, containers 6

7 Begonia semperflorens-cultorum Cultivars: Cocktail Series - bronze foliage, sun resistant Olympia series - mound former, mid green leaves (8 by8 ) Party Fun series tall, well-branched, bronze to mid-green leaves Queen Series double flowers Harmony (bronze) Prelude (green) early bloom and weather resistance Dragon Wing angel wing type, 10 to 12 inches tall and wide Wax Begonia Notes 2 million seeds/oz - plug trays overwinter like impatiens difference between this and tuberous (leaves and flowers) frost INTOLERANT Native: Brazil Solenostemon scutellarioides (Coleus x hybridus) Family:Lamiaceae Common Name: Coleus 7

8 Solenostemon scutellarioides Size: 6 to 24 tall by 12 wide Space: apart Habit: Round Hardy: Annual- tender Light: Full to part shade (sun) Soil: moist, organic soils Solenostemon scutellarioides Bloom: Grown for leaves Flower: Bloom - remove as soon as they appear Added Benefit: Shade tolerance, color in shade Solenostemon scutellarioides Pests: None serious, mealybug, mites and aphids scorch, leggy Combination: Hostas, other annuals Uses: Edging, bedding, containers 8

9 Solenostemon scutellarioides Cultivars: Sun lovers: Solar Sunrise, Cranberry Salad, Hurricane Series Kong big leafed Self branching - Wizard Series- heartshaped lvs Carefree series - dwarf Saber- long leaves Fiji series - fringed leaves India Frills - small leaves & compact Solenostemon scutellarioides Notes: Pinch to maintain good appearance In sun Watch moisture colors fade Frost intolerant Overwinter indoors Story of Sun impatiens Native: Java Fuchsia x hybrida Family: Onagraceae Common Names: Fuchsia, Lady s Eardrops 9

10 Fuchsia x hybrida Size: 8 to 36 tall/long by 12 to 24 Space: Upright 12 apart, 3 plants/8 pot, 4 plants/10 pot Habit: Trailing or Upright Hardy: Annual (8-10)-tender Light: Full to Part shade Soil: Moist, well-drained, container mix Fuchsia x hybrida Bloom: Summer until frost Fail to bloom in high temps Flowers: pinks, reds, purples, white Added Benefits: Butterflies, hummingbirds Fuchsia x hybrida Pests: None serious Combination: Mixed with other annuals, ferns and hostas Uses: Hanging baskets, containers, groundcovers, trained as a tree, bedding (uprights) 10

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