A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.

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1 AP European History Mr. Mercado (Rev. 09) Name Chapter 29 Dictatorships and the Second World War A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below Totalitarian states of the right usually do advocate state takeover of private property. Lenin s New Economic Policy incorporated some elements capitalism. Before Lenin died, he named Stalin as his successor. Unlike his rival Trotsky, Stalin opposed the policy of socialism in one country. Stalin s forced collectivization program was a political victory and an economic disaster. Stalin s economic policies resulted in mass starvation. The standard of living of the average Russian worker in the 1930s improved as a result of Stalin s five-year plans. Benito Mussolini s March on Rome resulted in his being given power by the king. Mussolini s Italy did not have all the characteristics of a modern totalitarian state. The foreign policy of Prime Minister Chamberlain tended to be pro-german. American policy during the Second World War can best be described as Europe first and the war in the Pacific second. B. Multiple Choice Select the best answer and write the proper letter in the space provided. 1. Before the modern totalitarian state, the traditional form of antidemocratic government in Europe was a. conservative authoritarianism. b. absolutism c. republicanism d. military government 2. Conservative authoritarianism differs from modern totalitarianism in that it a. did not result in dictatorships. b. allowed popular participation in government. c. was more concerned with maintaining the status quo than with rapid change or war. d. did nor persecute liberals or socialists.

2 McKay Ch. 29 Homework Packet Page 2 3. By 1938 the only state in central and eastern Europe that remained liberal was a. Czechoslovakia b. Poland c. Hungary d. Yugoslavia 4. In essence, the totalitarian state was a. a form of liberalism. b. an extension of the dictatorial state. c. a rigid, conservative society rooted in tradition. d. a form of government built on the power of the elite. 5. The two countries in which modern totalitarianism reached its most complete form in the 1930s were a. Russia and Germany b. Italy and France c. Germany and Italy d. Russia and Italy 6. The modern totalitarian state is a. lethargic in its approach. b. built on elite groups. c. concerned only with survival. d. characterized by rapid and profound changes. 7. Lenin s New Economic Policy of 1921 a. nationalized industries. b. called for the collectivization of agriculture. c. restored limited economic freedom. d. set five-year goals. 8. Stalin became Lenin s successor because he a. was chosen by Lenin. b. was able to work outside the party. c. successfully related Russian realities to Marxist teachings. d. devised a system whereby minorities enjoyed total freedom. 9. Five-Year plans a. attempted to direct the future of the Soviet economy. b. established Hitler s program for building Germany s military. c. described Mussolini s program to make Italy fascist. d. foresaw the Nazi s systematic destruction of the Jews. 10. Stalin s plans for rapid industrialization were based on a. importing coal from Japan. b. factories staffed exclusively by party members. c. depriving peasants to feed workers d. a huge domestic market for consumer goods 11. Under Stalin, women s greatest real benefits were a. sexual liberation and abortion. b. easy divorce and day-care centers. b. work freedom and accessible education. d. easier work than in the past 12. Which of the following characterized Stalinist society? a. Very slow economic and industrial growth b. The encouragement of religion c. The politicization of art and literature d. Large-scale discrimination against women in the job market

3 McKay Ch. 29 Homework Packet Page With the Lateran agreement of 1929 a. the pope and the U.S. declared their opposition to Mussolini b. Hitler and Mussolini forged their Axis. c. Hitler met Lueger and absorbed his proto-nazi ideas. d. Mussolini recognized the Vatican s independence while the pope urged Italian support for Mussolini. 14. For Italian women, the fascist regime of Mussolini meant a. no improvement and a probable decline in status. b. considerable gains, especially in finding new careers in industry. c. more birth control and better-paying jobs. d. greater political participation and legal rights. 15. The Nuremburg laws related to a. anti-depression programs. b. the Versailles treaty. c. the elimination of the fascist. d. Jewish citizenship. 16. Most Germans reacted to Hitler s purge of Jews with a. hostility and anger. b. protests and demonstrations. c. apathy and indifference. d. joy and celebration. 17. In the early 1930s, mass support for Hitler came from a. the unemployed and frightened lower and middle classes. b. communists. c. women. d. older, conservative Germans. 18. Which of the following would have most likely supported Hitler? a. Communists b. Social Democrats c. Conservatives d. Nationalists 19. With the Enabling Act, a. Hitler received dictatorial power. b. Jews were denied German citizenship. c. Mussolini reached an agreement with the pope. d. Stalin embarked on collectivization. 20. One major reason for British appeasement of Hitler was that a. he was seen as a way to block German capitalist expansion. b. he was seen as the bulwark against communism. c. the British government was pro-socialist. d. Britain wanted time to prepare for war. 21. In 1938 Czechoslovakia was a. the cause of the declaration of war by France and Britain on Germany. b. sold out to Hitler, by its supposed democratic friends Britain and France. c. able to retain the German-speaking Sudetenland through League of Nations intervention. d. invaded by Nazi troops, triggering the war.

4 McKay Ch. 29 Homework Packet Page The most stunning diplomatic event of 1939, before the outbreak of war was a. the betrayal of the Czechs. b. the alliance between Hitler and Japan. c. the refusal of the allies to support Poland. d. the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact. 23. The Russians defeated the Germans at a. Leningrad b. Brest-Litovsk c. Stalingrad d. El Alamein 24. Prior to June 1944, most of the fighting against Germany on the Continent was carried out by a. France. b. Britain c. the Soviet Union d. the United States 25.* Under Hitler during the 1930s the German economy a. stagnated amid continuing problems of the Great Depression. b. saw significant decrease with the looming threat of war. c. saw few changes when compared to the German economy in the mid-1920s. d. experienced dramatic growth and high employment. C. Identification Supply the correct identification for each numbered description. _ 1. Relatively well-off peasants in Russia that became a major target of Stalin s repressive rule _ 2. Another name for Stalin s Five-Year Plan that emphasized his role as dictator _ 3. Stalin s removal of Old Bolsheviks and other leaders of the revolution 4. He was an antisocialist and the leader of the Italian Black Shirts 5. Book written by Hitler that outlined his Nazi philosophy _ 6. Actual name of the Nazi party 7. German government that effectively died after the election of 1932 _ 8. Quasi-military band of brown-shirted Nazi storm troopers 9. He was legally appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933 _ 10. Hitler s elite personal guard _ 11. Hitler s title as dictator _ 12. Nazi secret police that later merged with the SS _ 13. Event in Germany in which Jewish businesses and synagogues were destroyed

5 McKay Ch. 29 Homework Packet Page 5 D. Matching People, Places, and Events Match the person, place, or event in the left column with the proper description in the right column by inserting the correct letter on the blank line. 1. Grand Alliance 2. Invasion of Normandy 3. Stalingrad 4. El Alamein 5. Heinrich Himmler 6. Neville Chamberlain 7. blitzkrieg 8. Battle of Midway A. Notorious symbol of appeasement that gave away part of Czechoslovakia to Germany. B. Most important event in getting the U.S. to enter into World War II C. Turning point of the war on the eastern front where Germany was no on the defensive against Russian forces D. Military alliance between Germany and Italy E. Military turning point of the war in the Pacific where the U.S. established its naval superiority over Japan F. Fascist leader of Spain who received aid from Italy and Germany in the mid-1930s G. A coalition of countries--including the U.S., USSR and Britain that demanded unconditional surrender H. Leader of the German SS which oversaw the Holocaust. 9. Hiroshima and Nagasaki I. New style of mechanized warfare that resulted in quick victories in conquering other countries 10. Munich Conference J. Turning point in the war in western Europe where the Allies created a second major front against Nazi Germany. 11. Winston Churchill K. Turning point of the war in North Africa where German armies were driven out of Egypt by British forces. 12. Pearl Harbor L. British prime minister whose policy of appeasement failed to get Hitler to avoid war. 13. Final Solution M. Cities whose destruction from atomic bombs ended the war in the Pacific 14. Francisco Franco N. British prime minister who led Britain in its war against Germany. 15. Rome-Berlin Axis O. Term for the systematic extermination of the Jews. E. Map Mastery Using Map 29.1 in the textbook as a reference: 1) Which territory(ies) did Hitler gain by the end of 1938? 2) Which other country gained territory in 1939? Using Map 29.2 in the textbook as a reference: 3 Which four western European nations were occupied by Germany during the war?

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