1 Brooklyn Park Burnsvlle Crcle Pnes Coon Rapds Dakota County Golden Valley Hennepn County Maplewood Mounds Vew New Hope Plymouth Ramsey County Rosevlle Shorevew Washngton County SPLIT VISIONS A PLANBOOK OF REMODELING IDEAS FOR SPLIT-LEVEL AND SPLIT-ENTRY HOUSES BY ROBERT GERLOFF, AIA + JEREMIAH BATTLES
2 Cty of Maplewood Sponsors Mnnesota communtes of Cty of Brooklyn Park Economc Development Authorty Cty of Burnsvlle Cty of Crcle Pnes Cty of Coon Rapds Dakota County Communty Development Agency Cty of Golden Valley Hennepn County Department of Housng, Communty Works and Transt Cty of Mounds Vew Economc Development Authorty Cty of New Hope Economc Development Authorty Cty of Plymouth Ramsey County Communty and Economc Development Cty of Rosevlle HRA Cty of Shorevew Brooklyn Park EDA Washngton County Housng and Redevelopment Authorty Contrbutors Platnum: Wells Fargo Bank Mnnesota, N.A. Gold: Bremer Bank REALTOR Publc Polcy Partnershp Slver: Mnnesota Archtectural Foundaton Bronze: Campbell Knutson, Attorneys at Law CenterPont Energy Mnnegasco Communty Revtalzaton Resources Ehlers & Assocates Inc. Greater Metropoltan Housng Corporaton Holmes & Assocates, Ltd. Kennedy & Graven, Chartered North Amercan Bankng Company ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Premer Banks Ramsay Development Corporaton The Remodelors Councl of the Twn Ctes SM U.S. Bank Home Mortgage Western Bank SPECIAL THANKS TO Executve Commttee: Stace Kvlvang, Char (Ehlers & Assocates) Jenn Tovar (Cty of Burnsvlle) Marjore Mangne (Cty of Brooklyn Park) Cheryl Bennett (Cty of Coon Rapds) Cathy Bennett (Cty of Rosevlle HRA) Ken Doresky (Cty of New Hope) Barbara Dacy (Washngton County HRA) ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Robert Gerloff Resdental Archtects Robert Gerloff, AIA and Jeremah Battles 47 Sherdan Avenue South, Mnneapols, MN / / ARCHITECTURE AND WATERCOLORS Peter J. Musty Archtecture and Urban Desgn CharretteCenter Inc Hennepn Avenue South, Ste 27, Mnneapols, MN / GRAPHIC DESIGN Bran Donahue / be desgn, nc Lyndale Avenue South, Mnneapols, MN / EDITING AND PROOFREADING Lynette Lamb / WEBSITE DEVELOPMENT Mke Musty / 1
3 2 INTRO DUCTION WHO INVENTED THE SPLIT? We don t know precsely who nvented the house type we now call the splt-level (or ts common varant, the splt-entry), but we do know the splt frst appeared n the Chcago area durng the 193s. Modern Homes, a Sears & Roebuck planbook publshed n 1935, ncluded several houses wth all the trats of the contemporary splt-level: lvng spaces a half-flght of stars up from the garage level, bedrooms stacked over the garage a half-flght up from the lvng level, and a half-basement level wth daylght wndows. It took some tme before planbook edtors, bulders, and homeowners settled on a name for ths new house type. Sears tred callng them modern homes, but that name ddn t stck. Other early names ncluded mult-level homes, hllsde homes, and splanches (splt-level ranches). By the late 194s, just as the post-wwii buldng boom was gearng up, the term splt-level became wdely accepted. From ther modest begnnngs n Chcago, splts spread rapdly across the Mdwest and other northern states, though the house type s also found throughout the Unted States and Canada. Splts were an alternatve to the Cape Cods and ramblers that had domnated post-wwii suburbs. Because they were bult on dfferent levels wthout a full basement, they cost less to buld than ranches. And whle they were only a storyand-a-half, they had the presence of a two-story home. Splts also offered a unque separaton of socal space, wth bedrooms perched a half-story above the formal lvng space, and the nformal lvng space found a half-story below. The splt was desgned to appeal to a new generaton of homeowners, and t caught on quckly. WHAT IS A SPLIT? Splts are unque for the way n whch they dvde the lvng spaces nto multple levels, shakng up the tradtonal Amercan housng pattern of formal rooms on the man level, wth bedrooms upstars and a full basement below. Three factors drove ths break wth tradton. Frst, home buyers were demandng more square footage n houses, but lots weren t gettng any wder. Stackng the bedrooms over the garage was a smple way to squeeze a larger house onto a lot. Second, home buyers were lookng for houses wth a more substantal presence. Ranches, however effcent, just ddn t have the same emotonal appeal as the tradtonal two-story Colonal, or even the story-and-a-half Cape Cod. Splts look more substantal. Thrd, and most mportant, bulders n the Mdwest were seekng ways to mnmze the costs of excavatng full basements. WHY IS A SPLIT A SPLIT? Splttng the house nto dfferent levels was a clever way to mnmze excavaton and smplfy footngs and foundaton walls, and hence reduce constructon costs. In southern states, where wnters are warm, ranch houses can be bult on smple (and nexpensve) slab-on-grade foundatons. In northern states, however, houses are bult on stable frost footngs, contnuous strps of concrete poured safely below the depth of typcal frost penetraton. Splttng the house allows a garage slab to be at grade, a basement level to st a half-flght below grade, and both to st on frost footngs, safe from wnter heavng (see llustraton). In other words, the splt desgn s drven more by constructon expedency than by desgn ntent. Ths half-basement has addtonal advantages. It s less expensve to dg, for example. It also allows for taller wndows, makng for brghter, sunner bedrooms (though splt-level basement bedrooms stll aren t deal). And because t s only a half level away from the lvng levels, t seems more lke part of the house. In other words t s a basement that sn t really a basement. THE splt-level HOME PEAKED IN THE 195S AND HAS CONTINUED TO QUIETLY PROSPER EVER SINCE.
4 WHAT S A SPLIT-LEVEL AND WHAT S A SPLIT-ENTRY? Two dstnctly dfferent house types the splt-level and the splt-entry are lumped together under the general descrpton of splt. A typcal splt-level home has three or more dstnct areas of lvng space, each separated by a half level. For example, the garage and famly room are on the lower level, wth the prvate bedroom area drectly above t. Halfway between, located vertcally and adjacent to these spaces, s the formal lvng area, whch brngs the three spaces together. Any house wth three or more dstnct lvng areas s a splt-level. A typcal splt-entry home has two dstnct floors stacked on top of one another, connected by a flght of stars, much lke a ranch house rased halfway out of the ground. The front entry, however, s located at the halfway pont between the two levels, hence the term splt-entry. Any house where the man entry s on a separate level from the rest of the house s a splt-entry. HOW DID WE SELECT THE HOUSES? The three types of splts featured n ths book splt-entry short-faced, splt-entry longfaced, and splt-level tradtonal (see photos below) are the most common varatons bult n the Twn Ctes area. The names are purely descrptve and of our own devsng; they evolved as a tool to help dfferentate the nfnte number of varatons creatve bulders have desgned over the years (see photos on page 5). However dverse, splts share some smlar characterstcs: they re bult on two or three levels, have smple hp or gable roofs, are found on standard suburban stes (rarely on cty lots), and have front doors and garages facng the street. WHY DID WE CREATE THIS BOOK? Most of the splt-level and splt-entry homes bult n the nner-rng suburbs n the 194s, 5s, and 6s don t work well for today s lfestyles. They feel cramped, chopped up, and dark n comparson to most houses beng bult today. We have created ths book to help homeowners and potental buyers make ther homes more modern and lvable by offerng straghtforward, cost-effectve solutons to common splt problems dentfed on our web ste (see page 4). Our goal s to show homeowners a vson of how splts can be transformed wth a lttle thought, care, and cash. The book s dvded nto three sectons, one for each of the three most popular types of splt. For each type, we frst ntroduce the basc desgn, then show deas for how to expand the entry, mprove the facade to ncrease curb appeal, open up the man level, redesgn the basement, and better connect the house to the yard. Wherever possble, we show deas for remodelng the exstng house rather than addng on. Short sdebars scattered throughout the book answer common questons about such basc projects as how to rebuld a deck, replace a wndow, or add a freplace. In the fnal pages we dscuss how to start a remodelng project, ncludng tps on how to survve the remodelng process. Remodelng can be a tral, yet the benefts are many. Remodelng wll make your splt more effcent and lvable, lghter and arer, more attractve and welcomng. Remodelng wll also ncrease your house s appeal and market value. 3 Splt-Entry Short-faced Splt-Entry Long-faced Splt-Level Tradtonal
5 To gan a better understandng of how splts work and don t work, and what projects we should attempt, we started a webste amed at splt-level and splt-entry owners. The webste served as a place to post comments regardng splts. The webste succeeded beyond what we had ever magned. We receved wonderful comments from people throughout Mnnesota and across the country. On the webste we asked people to answer three specfc questons about lvng n a splt. The responses to these three questons would determne the desgn projects that we would undertake n ths book. The followng s a summary of the most common responses. WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT YOUR SPLIT-LEVEL HOME? The dstnct separaton of dfferent levels for dfferent uses. The bedrooms are n one area, the lvng room, dnng room, and ktchen are n another area, and the famly room and utlty rooms are n stll another. The basement doesn t seem lke a basement. Ths refers to the lower level beng only partally underground, thus allowng for larger wndows and more lght n the spaces. The open floor plan. Havng levels only a half a flght away makes the homes seem more open and connected. The open entry also adds to ths feelng. WHAT DO YOU DISLIKE ABOUT YOUR SPLIT-LEVEL HOME? The front entry s too small. There s not enough room on the landng and the coat closet s often cramped. There s a lack of storage and closet space. The bedroom closets are too small and there s lttle general storage. There are heatng problems and t s especally dffcult keepng a common temperature on all levels. There are too many stars. It s hard to brng n groceres and hard for the elderly to get around. The homes lack style and curb appeal. The fronts of the homes are often bland and the entres are subdued. 4 WHAT WOULD YOU CHANGE ABOUT YOUR SPLIT-LEVEL HOME? Enlarge the foyer/entry and make t easer to meet and greet guests. Increase the sze of the ktchen and make t more open. Improve the exteror appearance of the house, especally the front entry and the flat front. Add wndows and more natural lght to the ktchen, dnng room, entry, bathrooms, and basement. Create a master sute and a master bath. I GET THE FINISHED SPACE OF A TWO-STORY, MORE HEIGHTTHAN A ONE-STORY, BUT A LESS IMPOSING LOOK THAN A FULL TWO-STORY HOUSE. John from New Hope
6 WHAT IF MY HOUSE IS DIFFERENT? The photographs below show the three splt-level and splt-entry types we have chosen as models for ths book, along wth many of the common varatons found wthn each type. As you can see, houses that mght look very dfferent on the outsde can be structured very smlarly on the nsde. Two very dfferent words are used to descrbe houses: type and style. Type descrbes the general structure of a house. A ranch house, for example, s a type of house n whch all lvng s on one level. Style descrbes what the house looks lke. A ranch house, for example, can be wrapped wth Colonal- or Prare-style detalng and stll be a ranch. A splt-entry or splt-level s a house type, not a style. As you can see n the photographs below, the same house type can take on many dfferent styles. So f you can fnd a house n the photographs below that looks lke the type of house you re famlar wth, then you should concentrate on that house type n readng ths book, as the desgn deas n that secton wll be most applcable to your house, usually wth only mnor changes. SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED VARIATIONS Mounds Vew Burnsvlle Brooklyn Park Crcle Pnes Apple Valley Brooklyn Park SPLIT-ENTRY LONG-FACED VARIATIONS Burnsvlle Maplewood Oakdale Mounds Vew Shorevew Burnsvlle SPLIT-LEVEL VARIATIONS 5 Golden Valley New Hope Plymouth Coon Rapds Golden Valley Rosevlle
7 SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED Ths short-faced home s the most contemporary of the three homes chosen as models n ths book. Homes lke ths one are stll beng constructed today because the desgn s so economcal to buld. What makes ths home type unque s that all socal spaces lvng, dnng, and ktchen are at the back of the house, whle all the bedrooms face the street. Ths home has four bedrooms, two bathrooms, and a two-car garage. FRONT ELEVATION "BEFORE" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") The two roof forms come together n an awkward way. The house has two smple but low-ptched gable roofs orented perpendcularly to each other. The wndows on the upper and lower levels are stacked or algned, wth a problematc gutter (or empty vertcal space) runnng down the mddle. 6 Before from the street The garage s set back from the front of the house, but the huge garage door stll domnates the facade. The front door s set back more deeply than the garage door, makng t almost nvsble. The upper level cantlevers over the lower level, a trck to gan more square footage wthout buldng more foundaton. A brck veneer base extends across the front of the house. THE ENTRYWAY IS THE BIGGEST PROBLEM. THIS IS THE PART OF THE HOUSE THAT EVERYONE SEES AND IS THE FIRST IMPRESSION. Mchael from Burnsvlle
8 The socal spaces lvng, dnng, and ktchen are located at the back of the house, away from the street. The ktchen, dnng, and lvng rooms are solated from one another by the central bearng wall. Someone standng n the ktchen can t talk to someone n the lvng room. GARAGE STORAGE FOYER 6 1" LIVING DINETTE REFR DINING KITCHEN RANGE DW BUILDING GREEN Sustanable or green archtecture s a hot topc n the meda today. But what does t mean to buld green? Buldng green means makng a mnmal mpact on the earth s resources, and buldng n a way that s healthy for a house s nhabtants. Whle ths sounds smple n theory, t s extraordnarly complex n practce. There s only one wndow per level on the sdes of the house. Ths makes the nteror dark and leaves blank facades facng the neghbors. STEP STEP WALK TWO ONE For example, one approach s to specfy all natural materals. Sold hardwood floorng nstead of carpet, cabnets of sold wood nstead of partcle board, cedar rather than vnyl sdng. The front door s so deeply recessed nto the house t s almost hdden, hardly an nvtng entry to the house. The famly room s long, narrow, and dffcult to furnsh or use. The bathroom s lad out awkwardly, wth lots of wndowless wall space. DRIVE MAIN LEVEL PLAN "BEFORE" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") CRAWL SPACE STORAGE 6 1" FAMILY MECHANICAL DUCTWORK LAUNDRY/ MECHANICAL FURNACE STORAGE D W Another and often contradctory approach s to use renewable and sustanable materals. For example, hardwood floorng comes from ancent (and hard to replace) trees. Most cedar sdng comes from old-growth forests. Sustanable proponents argue we should use smpler, more ndustral products that protect natural resources. For example, nstead of usng cedar sdng, try usng fber cement board, a mxture of sawdust and cement. Green archtecture also works to mnmze energy use. New buldngs are carefully sted to use the sun s heat n the wnter and to keep t out n the summer, to take advantage of breezes for natural coolng, and to use daylghtng nstead of electrc lghts wherever possble. Renewable energy resources geothermal, photovoltac, and wnd are also mportant, but prmarly used for new constructon. The angled walls and awkwardly placed closets make the bedrooms dffcult to use. LOWER LEVEL PLAN "BEFORE" THREE FOUR However green archtecture s defned, ts most mportant dea s to use and re-use exstng buldngs for as long as possble. Therefore, any remodelng project s nherently green, snce t uses resources from the orgnal constructon. Nothng s more wasteful than tearng down an exstng house and buryng t n a landfll. 7 SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17")
9 SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED IDEAS: EXPANDING & RETHINKING THE ENTRY FRONT ELEVATION "AFTER" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") Placng columns n front of the exstng house frames the new large entry wndow. Extendng the roof provdes shelter for some chars and creates a welcomng front porch. 9 7" 8 1" DECK SKYLIGHTS DINING 8 STORAGE LIVING TV OPEN KITCHEN DW Removng the exstng front entry wall allows for a larger foyer and mudroom. Leavng the wall n place creates an arlock. GARAGE REFR RANGE Extendng a new front entry and a new front porch toward the street makes the front door, rather than the garage door, the focus from the street. Chars add a welcome touch. Placng the front door on the drveway sde of the new entry creates space for a front porch and for a large front wndow, whch allows more lght nto the new mudroom. DRIVE MAIN LEVEL PLAN "AFTER" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") STEP CUBBIES FOYER STEP MUD FRONT PORCH BENCH 6 1" TWO LINEN SHELVES WALK-IN MASTER Addng a mudroom onto the exstng entry creates space for a bench and storage cubbes, as well as more room for greetng guests.
10 I WOULD LIKE TO IMPROVE THE OUTWARD APPEARANCE OF MY HOME, PARTICULARLY FROM THE FRONT. Northeast Suburb Resdent SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED FACADE TREATMENTS After from the street Before 9 The orgnal facade has 8 horzontal sdng over a brck base. There are no corner boards, lttle trm, and very lttle detal. Hardest to fx s the gutter, the blank gap between the two sets of wndows. Addng a new entry and a front porch swtches the focus from the garage door to the human door. Re-sdng wth vertcal board-and-batten sdng adds some vsual exctement, whle addng trm under the sofft creates character. Addng a pattern to the bedroom wndows and framng them wth trm adds character and detal, and helps fx the gutter problem.
11 SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED 1 IDEAS: OPENING UP THE PLAN GARAGE DRIVE "BEFORE" STORAGE FOYER STEP STEP WALK Addng skylghts to the lvng and dnng rooms greatly ncreases the amount of lght n the back of the house. Reconfgurng the closet space creates two larger bedroom closets (one a walk-n) and a large lnen closet over the stars. 6 1" LIVING TWO DINETTE REFR DINING KITCHEN RANGE ONE DW GARAGE STEP FOYER MUD FRONT PORCH WE WOULD LIKE TO REMODEL THE KITCHEN AND DINING AND DRIVE MAIN LEVEL PLAN "AFTER" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") CUBBIES STORAGE STEP BENCH 6 1" TWO LINEN 9 7" 8 1" LIVING SKYLIGHTS TV SHELVES WALK-IN OPEN DECK DINING KITCHEN REFR RANGE DW MASTER Rebuldng the deck off the dnng room provdes room for a table and chars plus two lounge chars. Wdenng the stars creates a great place for hangng out and takng famly photos. Addng a beam and openng up the wall between the ktchen and lvng room connects the socal spaces, allowng famly members to talk wth each other. The openng, or nteror wndow, also allows lght to flter through, makng the house feel more spacous. Openng up the wall between the dnng room and ktchen allows people n the two rooms to talk, and gves ktchen users vews of the backyard. Addng a ktchen sland creates a gatherng space n the ktchen as well as more storage and counter space. Addng wndows on the sdes of the house ncreases the amount of natural lght nsde. Addng a wndow on a second wall n a corner room also dramatcally mproves the qualty of the space, snce the lght s no longer all comng from one drecton. MAKE IT INTO ONE BIG KITCHEN WITH AN ISLAND AND A PATIO DOOR. by anonymous
12 THE HOUSE IS DARK...WHY DIDN T THEY PUT MORE THAN ONE PER? Crcle Pnes Resdent SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED REBUILDING A ROTTED DECK Many of the orgnal decks bult on splts need to be rebult today. Be aware that the buldng codes and standard constructon practces have changed substantally snce the 196s. Addng skylghts and wndows and openng up the wall between the ktchen and lvng room creates a brght, open, and exctng space that flows out toward the deck and backyard. Two of the most mportant buldng code changes concern guardrals. Frst, the top of the guardral needs to be a mnmum of 36 above the deck surface. Second, the ndvdual balusters need to be close enough together so that a 4 dameter ball (roughly the sze of a softball) cannot pass through the guardral. Ths rule s desgned to keep small chldren from stckng ther heads through the rals and suffocatng. The materals used to buld decks have also changed n recent years. Redwood, the tradtonal deckng materal, s rarely used anymore. Cedar s ncreasngly expensve, whle pressure-treated lumber, the mracle materal of the 198s, s used less often today because of concerns about ts leachng hazardous chemcals (such as arsenc) nto the ground around the deck. New pressure-treated lumbers are now avalable that are less chemcally toxc. Today many decks are bult from compostes, often recycled plastc mxed wth sawdust or other waste materals. These materals, lke Trex, because of ther recycled content, are envronmentally green. However, snce these materals are qute new, no one s sure how well they wll weather or survve Mnnesota s harsh freeze/thaw cycles. Just as mportant as the deck s materals are ts uses. Now s the tme to make any desgn changes. A deck should be large enough to ft a good-szed table that seats 6 to 8 people, as well as some comfortable sttng chars. Twelve feet by twelve feet s a basc sze; twelve feet by sxteen feet s even better. Also, remember that the more drect the path between the deck and the refrgerator, the more often the deck wll be used. 11
13 IDEAS: STORAGE, BASEMENT, LANDSCAPING FAMILY MECHANICAL DUCTWORK DECK ABOVE W D SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED STORAGE LAUNDRY/ MECHANICAL FURNACE Movng back the exstng famly room walls provdes that room wth enough space for an entertanment center and a sttng area overlookng the backyard. Convertng the exstng storage space nto a home offce or hobby room s a quck way to gan an extra room. "BEFORE" CRAWL SPACE STORAGE 6 1" THREE FOUR SHELVES OFFICE DESK SHELVES Integratng nto the desgn the dropped celngs necessary for mechancal ductwork makes the room feel less arbtrary and more ntentonal. FAMILY TV SHELVES LAUNDRY/ MECH/ STORAGE D W Keepng the mechancal equpment and washer and dryer n the same spot mnmzes plumbng changes. FURNACE CRAWL SPACE STORAGE 6 1" LINEN Remodelng the bathroom provdes space for a full bathtub and a lnen closet. 12 Remodelng the bedrooms and hallway makes the bedrooms more usable and provdes more closet space. LOWER LEVEL PLAN "AFTER" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") PORCH ABOVE THREE FOUR SEAT Wherever possble, algn new wndows n the basement wth exstng wndows above. Movng the closets to the outsde wall creates a great spot for a wndow seat. It also frees up the sde wall for a new wndow. THE DOWNSTAIRS FAMILY IS LONG AND NARROW AND DIFFICULT TO FURNISH. Lno Lakes Resdent
14 9 7" 8 1" SINCE OUR LIVING AND DINING ARE ORIENTED TOWARD THE BACKYARD, WE GET TO ENJOY WONDERFUL VIEWS. Cottage Grove Resdent SPLIT-ENTRY SHORT-FACED Addng a shed for extra storage and a covered pato creates a great away place n the yard. Buldng a lly pond or other water garden creates a fancful backyard centerpece. Enclosng the backyard wth a fence makes t feel more lke an extenson of the house. Varyng the sdng patterns and colors and addng detals such as shutters makes for a much more nterestng composton. FENCE DW SHED FENCE FENCE DECK LILY POND PATIO VERTICAL GARDENS REFR RANGE 6 1" Coordnatng the deck, lly pond, and the porch attached to the storage shed anmates the entre backyard. DRIVE FRONT PORCH RAISED BED GARDENS FLOWER GARDEN Plantng shrubs along the property lne defnes the boundares of the yard and creates prvacy for the lower level wndows. Addng trellses for vertcal gardens s a smple way to put an nterestng face on a blank garage wall and add some archtectural detal to the yard. 13 SITE PLAN "AFTER" SCALE: 1/16"=1'-" Addng rased garden beds creates a vsual lnk to the street and emphaszes the front door.
15 SPLIT-ENTRY LONG-FACED Ths home s one of the larger of the splt-entry types. Ths partcular home has four bedrooms, three bathrooms (two are also common), and a two-car, tuck-under garage. The front door, whch s unprotected and stuck on the front of the house lke an afterthought, leads drectly to the star landng, whch s n turn halfway between the upper and lower levels. There s no space to turn around, greet guests, or st to take off boots or shoes. Bedrooms are located on one sde and publc spaces (ktchen, lvng and dnng) are located on the other. FROM THE ROAD THE HOUSE LOOKS FRONT ELEVATION "BEFORE" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") Martha from Rver Falls, WI flat AND PLAIN 14 The roof s often a straghtforward sngle hp wth no valleys or other complcatons. Gable roofs are also common on ths type of splt-entry. The horzontal sdng, often as wde as 13, emphaszes the house s horzontal lnes. The large wndow n the lvng room overlooks the front yard. Whle ths house has a bow wndow, pcture wndows flanked by casements or double-hungs are more common. The front entry s on a separate level from the lvng and basement levels, and s unprotected. The large two-car garage s tucked under the bedroom wng and the huge garage door domnates the front facade of the house. The front door s lke an afterthought. Before from the street The ste for ths house type was typcally graded to create an artfcal slope.
16 I CAN T TELL YOU HOW MANY TIMES THE DOOR HAS BEEN OPENED, ONLY TO SEND SOMEONE SAILING DOWN THE STAIRS! by anonymous SPLIT-ENTRY LONG-FACED The bedrooms are often too small to ft more than a twn bed, and they have very lttle closet space. FOUR THREE TWO KITCHEN DINING The ktchen, whle compact, s awkwardly lad out, wth the stove located far from the snk. LANDSCAPING Landscapng s the least expensve way to spruce up a splt, save energy, attract wldlfe, and add color throughout the year. The sde walls are largely blank and featureless, wth only a sngle wndow. MASTER M /2" 5 11" 7 7 1/4" 6 9" FOYER LIVING HEARTH The chldren s bath s huge but neffcently lad out, wth lots of wasted space. The foyer s just a star landng, too tght even for two people standng sde by sde. Plantng shade trees on the south and west sdes of the house not only beautfes the lot, t also greatly reduces late afternoon heat gan durng the summer, thus reducng ar condtonng costs. Plantng wndbreaks, or rows of conferous trees, to the north and west of your house can shelter t from harsh wnter wnds, thus reducng heatng costs. The entry from the garage nto the basement, the most frequently used entry, s tght and narrow, wth no place to set down a bag of groceres or a brefcase. The bathroom s sandwched between the garage and the stars, leavng lttle room to expand. MAIN LEVEL PLAN "BEFORE" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") GARAGE D FURNACE LOWER LEVEL PLAN "BEFORE" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") W STORAGE/ MECHANICAL/ LAUNDRY STORAGE 6 7" 5 9" MULTI-PURPOSE MECHANICAL DUCTWORK FAMILY SHELVES SHELVES The basement has a wonderful masonry freplace, but otherwse s awkwardly lad out, wth lttle thought gven to the entry from the garage. Specfc plants attract specfc anmals. Plantng such natve prare speces as goldenrod and black-eyed susans helps attract butterfles, for example, whle the brght red berres of the mountan ash tree wll attract cedar waxwngs durng the wnter. The Unversty of Mnnesota Extenson Servce web ste has extensve nformaton on shade trees, wndbreaks, and varous plant speces. Be bold! Talk to landscape archtects, desgners, and your local nursery. And be sure to thnk beyond a tdy lawn. Plantng a wde varety of plant speces wll make your house more beautful and colorful across the seasons. 15
17 SPLIT-ENTRY LONG-FACED IDEAS: EXPANDING & RETHINKING THE ENTRY Addng a new front entry makes the front door more promnent than the garage door. It also gves the house an archtectural focus. FRONT ELEVATION "AFTER" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") /2" 13 1" DECK 16 TWO THREE PANTRY REFR RANGE KITCHEN UPPER CABINETS PORCH DINING Movng the coat closet from the foyer to the top of the stars frees up space on the landng, and nvtes guests up to the socal spaces. MASTER HALL WALK-IN LINEN 7 7 1/4" 6 9" TV LIVING M. HEARTH Expandng the entry foyer provdes enough space to greet guests. Projectng a glassed-n front entry from the house s otherwse flat facade makes t much more nvtng. At nght wth the lghts on, the front entry becomes a lantern or beacon for the house, vsble from the street and neghborhood. BUMP-OUT & MAIN LEVEL PLAN "AFTER" SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") FOYER 2 7" 1 1' BENCH Extendng the canopy over the front stoop creates a sheltered entry or porch.
18 WE WOULD LIKE AN ENTRYWAY A WELCOMING DESIGN THAT IS NOT CRAMPED AND DARK. Burnsvlle Resdent SPLIT-ENTRY LONG-FACED Addng the new front entry and other landscapng elements, lke the pergola and stone wall, makes the composton lvely and nvtng. FACADE TREATMENTS Before 17 The flat, two-story facade, tny front door, and massve garage door make the house look both bland and overbearng. Wde horzontal sdng s on the upper level, and the base s stucco. Addng a new front entry and a bump-out over the garage breaks up the flat facade and roof lne. Re-sdng wth narrower 6 sdng and addng trm bands gves the house more texture and character. Replacng the wndows and addng trm dramatcally changes the front of the house. Removng the shutters and makng the wndows more playful gves the house a more contemporary flar.
19 6 6 1/2" 5 11" SPLIT-ENTRY LONG-FACED IDEAS: OPENING UP THE PLAN TWO KITCHEN Addng a four-season porch off the dnng room extends the house nto the backyard. THREE DINING FOUR /2" 13 1" MASTER "BEFORE" M /4" 6 9" FOYER LIVING HEARTH DECK PORCH Addng a deck off the four-season porch creates an outdoor space overlookng the backyard. Combnng two small bedrooms nto one large bedroom allows room for a queen-sze bed and a sttng area. Ths would also make a great home offce/guest room combnaton. Addng wndows to the sdes of the house wll make the bedrooms feel larger by addng more natural lght. TWO MASTER THREE HALL WALK-IN LINEN 7 7 1/4" 6 9" PANTRY REFR RANGE KITCHEN UPPER CABINETS TV LIVING DINING HEARTH Remodelng the ktchen and addng a pennsula makes the work space more effcent, and also makes the ktchen more socal by creatng space for people to gather. M. 18 Reconfgurng the bath and closet arrangement creates a walk-n closet n the master bedroom and a lnen closet n the hallway. BUMP-OUT & FOYER BENCH Addng a double wndow n the dnng room allows more lght nto the ktchen. Addng a master bedroom sttng bay centered above the garage door creates a specal focus for the bedroom, and helps releve the flatness of the facade. MAIN LEVEL PLAN "AFTER" I WOULD LIKE TO COMBINE THE FORMAL DINING AND KITCHEN SCALE: 1/4"=1'-" (24"x36") OR 1/8"=1'-" (11"x17") 2 7" 1 1' TO MAKE THE AREA A COMFORTABLE PLACE FOR EVERYONE TO GATHER. New Hope Resdent
20 I WOULD LOVE TO HAVE A LARGER KITCHEN WITH A CENTER ISLAND OR BREAKFAST BAR. Amy from Burnsvlle SPLIT-ENTRY LONG-FACED ADDING A PORCH OFF THE BACK Addng a porch off the back of your splt s one of the easest ways to make a house feel more spacous. Removng part of the exstng wall between the ktchen and the dnng room and addng a pennsula wth glass doors on the upper cabnets makes the two rooms feel larger, lghter, and more connected, whle provdng ample storage space. The dnng room now flows onto the new four-season porch, connectng the house to the backyard. Porches come n three types: screen, three-season, and four-season. A screen porch has walls made of thn alumnum or fberglass screens and s essentally a deck wth a roof and screens. A three-season porch has wndows, but no nsulaton or heat. A four-season porch has wndows, nsulaton, and an optonal heat source. Although screen porches can only be used for a few months each year, durng those months they re perfect: the roof keeps off the ran, and the screens keep out mosqutoes and other nsects. Breezes pass unnterrupted through the screens, keepng the porch cool. Three-season porches, because they re glassed n, can be used earler n the sprng and later n the fall than a screen porch. But the wndows don t open as wde as a wall of screen, and thus trap n more heat, makng three-season porches less comfortable durng the hottest days of summer. A smart move s to nsulate the porch celng, whch helps mnmze heat gan through the roof. Four-season porches are really fnshed rooms wth separate heatng systems, allowng them to be shut off n wnter. Most often the heat source s a supply grlle from the forced ar system that can be turned off wth a damper. It s vtal that the porch be separable. Otherwse, accordng to the Mnnesota Energy Code, the porch and all ts wndows must be counted n any energy calculatons for the house. 19