Sugarcane production in Brazil: an overview of the production system and costs

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1 : an overview of the production system and costs Samuel Balieiro, M.Sc. Thünen Institute of Farm Economics Seite November 1 9 th 2015 Datum Agritechnica, Hannover

2 Agenda 1. What is agri benchmark? 2. Sugar and ethanol production in Brazil 3. Sugarcane production system (typical) 4. Sugar raw material costs Sugarcane vs. Sugar Beet 5. Summary Page 2

3 Agenda 1. What is agri benchmark? 2. Sugar and ethanol production in Brazil 3. Sugarcane production system (typical) 4. Sugar raw material costs Sugarcane vs. Sugar Beet 5. Summary Page 3

4 Who we are and what we do 1. agri benchmark is a global, non-profit network of agricultural economists, advisors, producers and specialists in key sectors of the value chains. 2. We use internationally standardized methods to analyze farms, production systems and their profitability. 3. We combine our farm-level knowledge with our expertise in international commodity markets and value chains. 4. Thereby we are able to provide scientifically consistent and soundly based answers on strategic issues to decision makers in agribusiness, policy and farming. Page 4

5 Present in all major countries and crops Crop coverage : Corn Soybeans Wheat Sugar beet Rice Rapeseed Oats Rye (Malting) barley Sunflower Sorghum Cotton Peas Beans Palm oil Sugar cane Countries participating in agri benchmark Cash Crop Countries to come online 2014/15 Priorities for new partnerships Page 5

6 Major clients and research partners Page 6

7 Agenda 1. What is agri benchmark? 2. Sugar and ethanol production in Brazil 3. Sugarcane production system (typical) 4. Sugar raw material costs Sugarcane vs. Sugar Beet 5. Summary Page 7

8 Importance of sugarcane in Brazil Production Gross Value (%) Others 25% Coffee 5% Corn 7% Milk 8% Poultry 11% Cattle 16% source: adapted from Conab (2013) Soybean 16% Sugarcane 12% 3 rd most important crop (around USD 20 bn) 2 nd biggest crop including industrial processing About 25% of world sugar and ethanol production About 20% of Brazilian primary energy source Page 8

9 Sugar and ethanol production Ethanol (Million m³) Sugar (Million t) Brazil Others Thailand France 40 9% 5% 35 38% % Sugar exporters (value in 2013) Source: ITC (2014) BR is the largest sugar exporter 5 Ethanol domestic consumption (90%) Sugar and ethanol production in Brazil ( ). source: UNICA (2015) own calculations. Page 9

10 Sugarcane production evolution 700 South-Center Northeast Brazil Million t Sugarcane production in selected regions in Brazil ( ). source: UNICA (2015) own calculations. Page 10

11 Agenda 1. What is agri benchmark? 2. Sugar and ethanol production in Brazil 3. Sugarcane production system (typical) 4. Sugar raw material costs Sugarcane vs. Sugar Beet 5. Summary Page 11

12 Sugarcane production systems 5 to 8 years Land Preparation Harvesting and Transportation Planting Ratoon management Cultivation after planting Page 12

13 Production systems Land preparation LAND PREPARATION HARVESTING AND TRANSPORTATION PLANTING Subsoiling RATOON CULTIVATION CULTIVATION AFTER PLANTING Spraying Harrowing Lime application Page 13

14 Production systems - Planting LAND PREPARATION Mechanized planting HARVESTING AND TRANSPORTATION PLANTING RATOON CULTIVATION CULTIVATION AFTER PLANTING Mix of manual and mechanized planting Fertilizer application Transplanting Covering Page 14

15 Production systems Cultivation after Planting LAND PREPARATION Herbicide and Insecticide application HARVESTING AND TRANSPORTATION PLANTING RATOON CULTIVATION CULTIVATION AFTER PLANTING Sugar mills Filter cake application Vinasse application Page 15

16 Production systems Ratoon management LAND PREPARATION Herbicide and insecticide application HARVESTING AND TRANSPORTATION PLANTING RATOON CULTIVATION CULTIVATION AFTER PLANTING Fertilizer application Cultivation Page 16

17 Production systems Harvesting and Transportation LAND PREPARATION HARVESTING AND TRANSPORTATION PLANTING RATOON CULTIVATION CULTIVATION AFTER PLANTING Manual harvesting Mechanized harvesting Loading Transportation Page 17

18 Agenda 1. What is agri benchmark? 2. Sugar and ethanol production in Brazil 3. Sugarcane production system (typical) 4. Sugar raw material costs Sugarcane vs. Sugar Beet 5. Summary Page 18

19 Yields in t of sugar / ha sugarcane (Preliminary) At least 30% BR farms with significant higher sugar yields per ha TH farm suffered considerable with droughts Page 19

20 Agenda 1. What is agri benchmark? 2. Sugar and ethanol production in Brazil 3. Sugarcane production system (typical) 4. Sugar raw material costs Sugarcane vs. Sugar Beet 5. Summary Page 20

21 Summary I. agri benchmark provides a suitable platform to analyze sugar production costs worldwide. II. III. The major sugar exporting countries are already represented in our database aiming to include others like India, Columbia, etc. Brazilian sugarcane industry is facing financial and environmental problems increase the importance of ethanol domestically I. Inefficient factories leaving the market (80 units since 2008) IV. Looking at the raw material production, sugar beet seems to be more competitive. What about industrial costs? Next steps in our network. Page 21

22 Knowledge is our Business business Thank you for your interest in agri benchmark. Samuel Balieiro, M.Sc. - Member of agri benchmark Cash Crop team - Thünen Institute of Farm Economics Bundesallee 50, Braunschweig Germany phone mobile internet Page 22

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