Rosimeiry Portela, Ph.D.

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1 Targeting and implementing payments for ecosystem services: Opportunities for bundling biodiversity conservation with carbon and water services in Madagascar Rosimeiry Portela, Ph.D. OECD Workshop on Incentives to Capture Climate Change and Biodiversity Benefits from Reducing Deforestation: Linkages, Synergies and Limitations March, 2008

2 road map Conservation International work on biodiversity conservation Targeting payments for multiple ecosystem service conservation in Madagascar Madagascar experience with carbon projects: Mantadia-Zahamena Forests, climate change and biodiversity benefits: Challenges and recommendations

3 a future for life

4 for biodiversity

5 and for people

6 Our mission To conserve the Earth s living heritage - - our global biodiversity and demonstrate that human societies are able to live harmoniously with nature.

7 Hotspots and wilderness areas

8 biodiversity and ES* *Turner et al., 2007

9 Targeting PES PES: Potential to create new funding opportunity Targeting PES to maximize benefits to society: multiple services (Bundling), costeffectiveness (opportunity cost) and efficiency (Additionality) Madagascar: Opportunities for bundling biodiversity, carbon and water in a costeffective and efficient manner.

10 Madagascar Global importance as a biodiversity hotspot: 80% endemic fauna and 90% flora Provision of additional services: Local, national and global beneficiaries Deforestation and degradation: Less than 15% of the island remains in primary forest

11 bundling multiple services Biodiversity: Mammals, birds and amphibians according to level of threat* Carbon: Global map of carbon stock** modified*** Water quality: Drinking water, irrigation and mangroves**** * IUCN Red List **Olson et o al. (1983, 1985) *** Gibbs (2006) ****HydroSHEDS dataset and population

12 additionality Probability of Deforestation: Probit model for deforestation ( )* using socio-economic biophyscial variables to predict probability of deforestation ( ) *Gorenflo, forthcoming

13 opportunity costs Agricultural production: Industrial crops and of subsistence crops Ranking system: High opportunity costs for industrial crops and low opportunity costs for subsistence agriculture

14 results BIODIVERSITY: WATER: BUNDLED CARBON: water number quality of ES: above- percent weighted and mammals, by birds & overlap human below-ground of amphibians population, three biomass rice weighted & mangroves by threat services status HIGH TARGETED ADDITIONALITY: PROBABILITY OPPORTUNITY PAYMENTS OF Bundled ES * DEFORESTATION COSTS ES Probability of eforestation

15 Targeting PES Supporting efficiencies in the use of biodiversity finance Support development of PES to match the conservation goals based on different funding strategies Strategy for mitigation/adaptation activities aimed at minimizing vulnerability to climate change

16 Reducing deforestation Presidential commitment to conservation (2003) PAs key to success reduction in deforestation rates: : 0.83% loss/year : 0.53% loss/year Carbon finance holds the largest potential for funding PES in Madagascar Deforestation Data: CI/IRG/USAID, 2007

17

18 mantadia conservation carbon project Partnership: Government, non-government and local facilitating organizations. Services: Carbon emission reductions and biodiversity existence values Approach: Reduced deforestation, reforestation and livelihood activities. Science: Mapped the corridor based on biodiversity priority and ES benefits Policy and Markets: Development of national capacity to trade carbon and influence international policy and market

19 mantadia results Conserves 450,000 hectares of rain forest Sequesters 10 million tons of CO2 emissions Provides livelihoods alternatives to tavy, land tenure clarification, employment opportunities Protects flagship species (Indri, gecko, orchids)

20 CI Carbon forest projects Under Development Existing Efforts

21 Recommendation and challenges Forests carbon projects have potential for multiple benefits goal: Climate mitigation, biological diversity and sustainable development Community and conservation protected areas: Proven effective tools that have reduced deforestation and resulting emissions Inclusion of degradation: Most forests are steadily degraded prior to being deforested Inclusion of historically low deforestation countries where future deforestation is likely higher

22 thank you OECD Workshop on Incentives to Capture Climate Change and Biodiversity Benefits from Reducing Deforestation: Linkages, Synergies and Limitations March, 2008 all photos minden pictures, naturepl, CI

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