Technology Enhanced Lesson Plan. Geography-Location, Location, Location. Social Studies

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1 Technology Enhanced Lesson Plan Lesson Overview Lesson Topic or Title Subject Area(s) Grade Level Goal(s)/Essential Question(s) Geography-Location, Location, Location Social Studies Grade 5 Goals: Students will practice applying map skills to improve their geography skills, such as finding the equator and prime meridian, determining location with lines of latitude and longitude and identifying the seven continents and four oceans of the world. After learning and practicing these skills students will be able to identify locations on a map using coordinates and label the seven continents of the world including its four oceans. Essential Question: What is Geography, and why is it important? Question(s) or Problem(s) What is a globe? Why do we label a map? What is a compass rose and what is it used for? Where can you find the equator and what is its purpose? Where is the prime meridian and what is its purpose? What are lines of latitude and longitude and why are they important? How many continents are there? What are their names, and where are they located on the world map? How many oceans are there, and where are they located on the world map? Lesson Summary: Students will be reviewing map skills such as the use of a globe, compass rose, equator, prime meridian, and the implementation of lines of latitude and longitude. These are skills that have been previously taught in earlier grades but need to be revisited in fifth grade. Students will also learn the names and locations of the 7 continents and 4 oceans of the world. In addition students will be asked to locate the 4 hemispheres and identify various continents and their hemispheres. We will be using a SMART Board for much of the lesson that includes video clips, websites, and interactive maps. Students will have time to work independently or in pairs on laptops to practice skills learned throughout the lesson. Approximate Time Needed This unit will take 5 or 6 50 minute sessions. Objectives and/or GLE(s) with NETS-S 1. Label key parts of a world map: the four hemispheres, a compass rose, the equator, the prime meridian, the seven continents, and the four oceans. 2. Use latitude and longitude to find locations on Earth s surface. 3. Explain geography and the ability to locate places on a globe or a map is important. 1

2 GLE s: Elements of Geographical Study and Analysis 5A, 5B Tools of Social Science Inquiry 7B, 7C NETS for Students: Performance Indicators 1, 2, 4, 7, & 8 NETS for Teachers: 1A, 1B, 2A, 2C, 2D, 2E, 3A, 5B, 5D, 6D, 6E. Technology Needed Technology Hardware Camera X Computer(s) Digital Camera DVD Player X Internet Connection Laser Disk Printer X Projection System Scanner Television VCR Video Camera Video Conferencing Equip. X Other: SMART Board, document camera Technology Software Database/Spreadsheet Desktop Publishing Software Encyclopedia on CD-ROM Image Processing Internet Web Browser Multimedia Web Page Development Word Processing Other: Materials Needed Textbooks, Laptops, SMART Board, Map Handouts, Quizzes, colored pencils, S.S. Journals AB (video from CSD) Internet Resources Other Materials. Prerequisite Skills Students need to know how to log in to the Moodle, how to manipulate the SMART Board, and how to properly use the laptops. 2

3 Lesson Procedures 1. Using the SMART Board, show slide #1 and tell students the following: During the next few days we will learn some geography skills for reading and understanding maps of the world. You will also learn the names and locations of the continents and major oceans of the world. Upon completion of this unit, you will be able to explain why it is important to be able to have a standard method of locating and identifying various places in our world. 2. Have students read section 1.1 in their History Alive book. 3. As you read you found out that geographers do many things. One of the important things that they do is tell us locations and places on a globe or map. Why might this be important? Ask for student answers. Using Moodle, pose this question to students and ask them to respond. Discuss the chat and highlight ideas that are relevant. 4. Show slide #2 and ask students What is a globe? 5. Show both video clips attached to slide 2. Then ask students the question again: What is a globe? Reveal the answer behind the blue circle after discussion. What would we add to this definition? Ask students to write the definition for globe in their S.S. journals. 6. Show slide #3 and ask students if they know what a compass rose is and what it is used for? Wait for responses. 7. Show the video clip attached to slide #3. Then ask students the question again. After discussion, have someone reveal the answer behind the blue square. Have students write this definition in their journals. Ask them to draw a compass rose and label both the cardinal and intermediate directions. Why are these things important when trying to locate a place? 8. Go to slide #4. Ask students what the line drawn across the center of the page is referred to as. (it is the equator). Why is it important? (because it divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.) Discuss the slide and the continents listed on this slide. 9. Go to slide #5. Ask students what the line drawn from the top of the map to the bottom is called. (Prime Meridian). Why is it important? Because it divides the Earth into the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.) 10. Ask students to look at slide #5 again and decide how many continents there are. What are their names? Wait for responses. Then ask how many oceans are shown? What are their names? Wait for responses. 11. Go over slides 6, 7, 8 & 9 together as a class. Ask students if they know any other interesting facts about the continents or oceans that they could share with the class. 12. Give each student a copy of Geography Challenge 1B. This is a map of the world with the equator and the prime meridian labeled. It also shows lines of latitude and longitude which we will discuss later. 13. Using slide #10, have students come up to the SMART Board and put the continents and oceans puzzle together. As students solve the puzzle, others should write the continents and oceans in the appropriate place on their map. These maps are to be glued into their journals upon completion. Go through the puzzle a few times. You can then use slide #11 with students for more class practice. 14. Each pair of students will need a laptop to complete the next step. Show slide # 12. Ask students to the website listed on this slide and follow the directions. It is a puzzle very similar to the one that we completed on the SMART Board. Ask students to practice until they have mastered their continents and oceans. Remind them that they can go home and visit iknowthat.com Label Map Games. You can find this site at <ikeepbookmarks.com/mrs. Lombardo> then go to Social Studies and you ll find the title. There will be a quiz tomorrow on the continents and oceans. Assessment: # 1 Continents and Oceans 9

4 Day 3 or 4 1. Today you will be learning what longitude and latitude are and how to use them to find locations on the Earth s surface. 2. Show students slide #13. Ask the questions posed on each slide, then show the attached video clip. After the video ask the following questions: What do we call the lines that run east and west on a map? (parallels of latitude) Where do the parallels of latitude begin and end? (They begin at the equator and 90 degrees north and south of the equator. What do we call the lines that run north to south on the map? (meridians of longitude) Where do the meridians of longitude begin and end? (They begin at the prime meridian and end 180 degrees east and west of the prime meridian.) Point to 45 degrees north latitude and 105 degrees east longitude and ask: How can you use latitude and longitude to identify this location? (Use the coordinates) Now ask students if they can answer the two questions posed on slide #13. They should have no problem with this by now. Student should write the definitions for longitude and latitude in their journals. 3. Have students read section 1.3 in History Alive in pairs. Remind them to refer to the map on p. 15 as they read. 4. Using slide #14 give students coordinates and ask them to come up to the SMART Board to mark the location. Do several examples to make sure that all students understand how to map the coordinates. 5. Give each student another World Map like the one given in the previous lesson and a Geography Challenge Questions sheet for Longitude and Latitude. Students are to complete this Challenge Questions and turn them in when finished. This will be taken as a quiz grade. 6. Slide 15 is called Extend Your Thinking. It is the final assessment for this section on map skills. It will be graded using a rubric for some questions and specific points for others. Note: Students will be given a day in class to review the SMART Board presentation, the reading from their textbooks, and the work in their journals. The Latitude and longitude page done yesterday will be graded and returned to glue in their journal. Students that did not have a clear understanding of finding location using coordinates will work with the teacher during study time. Students will be reminded to go the the iknowthat.com website to practice their continents and oceans 9

5 Evaluation/Assessment Quiz #1 is a map that must be completed with the correct information (5A), Quiz #2 is also a map where students must find the location of specific places using degrees of latitude and longitude (5B). The final test is a mix of the two previous quizzes. It also incorporates a variety of questions that students must respond to. Some of these questions will be based on points per question and some will be graded using a rubric. Differentiated Instruction Students that need additional help, will be given extra time using the internet puzzle to help them master continents and oceans. Their quizzes and tests may be adapted so that they have fewer questions to answer. They will also have access to a teacher created puzzle of the continents and oceans for a hands-on assembly approach. Students that need to be challenged will be given an opportunity to visit the following website: :// This website has a section under continents and oceans called CLUES. Students can find enrichment questions here regarding world geography. Bibliography. SMART Board ideas adapted from lesson by Carolyn Roberson. Lesson based on the first chapter of our 5 th Grade History Alive textbook. Reflection Students will be much more engaged in this lesson through the use of the SMART Board, video clips, interactive maps, and interactive websites (laptops) than they would be without these tools. Most students have already been exposed to this information in previous years, however I have found that they do not have a clear understanding of the information when they reach 5 th grade. They usually know what a globe is and understand the cardinal directions on a compass rose, but they do not know or understand the purpose of intermediate directions or latitude and longitude. The majority of students do not know where the continents and oceans are located. Through the use of these tools, students will gain a better understanding of how to find locations on a map or a globe and where they are located in relation to us. For students that might already have a clear understanding of these skills, there is opportunity for enrichment using the website listed on slide #12. This lesson is not at the level of thinking that I typically expect my fifth graders to reach for, simply because it is the first social studies unit of the year. We need a jumping off point. As the days move on we will move into higher level thinking skills. DOK: This lesson falls under Level One of the DOK s because students are asked to Label, Identify, Tell, Memorize, and Name). It also fall under level three of the DOK s because students are asked to support ideas with details and examples. Keep Grapplings: This lesson probably falls under the Adapting Uses category. However the piece in this category that does not fit into my belief is where it states: Teachers view technology as interesting but optional and not necessary to achieve present curriculum goals. I believe that these tools will help students achieve a great deal more than if they were not used. 9

6 Geography Challenge Questions for Latitude and Longitude 1. Write the name of the parallel at 0 degrees latitude. 2. Write the name of the meridian at 0 degrees longitude. 3. Label the ocean where 15 degrees south latitude and 90 degrees east longitude is located. 4. Label the ocean where 45 degrees north latitude and 45 degrees west longitude is located. 5. Label the three continents through which 45 degrees north latitude runs. 6. Label the ocean that lies at 75 degrees north latitude. 7. Label the continent where 15degrees south latitude and 60 degrees west longitude is located. 8. Label the continent where 30 degrees south latitude and 135 degrees east longitude is located. 9. Label the continent where 15 degrees north latitude and 15 degrees east longitude is located. 10.Label the ocean where 45 degrees north latitude and 165 degrees west longitude is located. 9

7 9

8 Geography Test Scoring Guide Note: Questions #1, 2, 3, 6, & 7 will be scored using the following rubric. 3 *Student 2 1 gives an exceptional answer to the question. *Student gives a logical example to support their answer. *Student gives a good answer to the question. *Student gives student gives a logical example to support their answer. *Student gives a good answer to the question. Or *Student gives a logical example for the question. Question #4 & 5 the same rubric will be used but instead of a logical example, students must state the correct purpose for either longitude or latitude. Map Questions: 7 points (1 for each continent) 4 points ( 1 for each ocean) 4 points (1 for each hemisphere) Total points possible: 36 points 9

9 World Map: Continents and Oceans Quiz #1 Label your blank map with the following information: 1. Label the largest continent in red. 2. Label the smallest continent in blue. 3. Locate the United States. Within its borders, label the two hemispheres in which it is located in green. 4. Locate Africa. Within its borders, label the hemispheres in which it is located in orange. 5. Label the continent directly north of Africa in pencil. 6. Label the ocean that touches the shores of Europe and South America red. 7. Label the two continents the equator runs through brown. 8. Label the ocean that lies north of Europe blue. 9. Label the ocean that touches the shores of both Asia and South America green. 10.Label the ocean that lies to the south of Asia orange. 9

10

11 Geography Oh The Places We Can Go!

12 Globe What is a globe? A globe is a representation of the earth that is shaped like a sphere. What_Is_a_Globe_.asf Different_Types_of_Globes.asf

13 What is a compass rose, and what is it used for? It indicates the cardinal directions N,S,E, and W and the intermediate directions NW, NE, SE, and SW. Direction.asf

14 Continents of the World North America We live on the continent of North America. Three large countries in North America are the United States, Canada, and Mexico. equator South America is joined to North America by a narrow strip of land about 90 miles wide. It is located almost entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. South America

15 Arctic Ocean Map of the World Arctic Ocean equator Pacific Ocean North America South America Atlantic Ocean Africa Europe Asia equator Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean Australia prime meridian Antarctica

16 Continents of the World Europe Asia equator The continents of Europe and Asia share the same body of land. Asia is the largest continent in the world. Europe is located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere.

17 Africa Australia is the smallest continent and is located in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia Africa joins to Asia in an area known as the Middle East. Antarctica, the location of the South Pole, is the only continent that has no one living there permanently. Antarctica

18 Oceans of the World May 27, 2010

19 Test Your Knowledge May 27, 2010

20 Map of the World Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean prime meridian equator North South America America Australia Antarctica Asia Africa Europe

21 Make Your Own Map Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean South America North America Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean Asia Australia Africa Europe Antarctica

22 Extended Activities For more practice with continents and oceans, go to Click on continents and oceans for more practice with maps. You can use labels or puzzles. Stuck or want to learn more? Click on Clues for interesting facts as well as practice. Have Fun!

23 What are the lines called that run North and South on the globe? Lines of Longitude What are the lines that run East and West on the globe? Latitude_and_Longitude.asf What can these lines be used for? Lines of Latitude These lines can be used to find any place on earth.

24

25 Extend Your Thinking Answer the following questions to the best of your ability: For questions #1-6, support your answer with an example. 1. Who might use a map or a globe and why? 2. Why do we label a map? 3. What is a compass and what is it used for? 4. Which direction does the equator run and what is its purpose? 5. Which direction does the prime meridian run and what is its purpose? 6. What are the lines of latitude and longitude and how do they help us find places on a map or a globe? Pick up a map from the round table and do the following: Label your map with all of the continents, the oceans, the equator and the prime meridean. Label each of the four hemispheres. 7. Why is geography important? Please give an example of a time when you may need to use your geography skills.

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