Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet"

Transcription

1 Environmental Science Volcano Review Sheet 1. List and describe the components of the 4 spheres of the Earth. a. Geosphere; rock and soil b. Atmosphere; air c. Hydrosphere; water d. Biosphere; area where organisms live 2. Draw and label a cross section of the Earth based on (1) Chemical Composition and (2) Physical Composition. Chemical Physical 3. What are tectonic plates? A large, mobile slab of crust making up part of the Earth s surface. 4. Who developed tectonic plate theory? Alfred Wegener 5. What was the name of the supercontinent? Pangaea 6. What is the current theory on how the plates move? Through convection currents.

2 7. What is a fault? A fracture in the Earth along which movement has taken place. 8. Draw and label a Normal, Reverse, and Strike-Slip fault. Normal Reverse Strike-Slip 9. What are the 2 types of crusts? Which is more dense and why? Continental and Oceanic. Oceanic is more dense due to the higher concentrations of minerals. 10. Draw the three types of plate boundaries. Use arrows to indicate movement of the plates. 11. What types of landforms would you find at each boundary? Convergent: trenches, volcanoes, mountains Divergent: ridges, mountains 12. What are the 3 types of collisions you can have at a convergent boundary. Continental to Continental; Continental to Oceanic; Oceanic to Oceanic

3 13. Draw and explain a subduction zone. 14. Define the following terms: a. Volcano - A hill or mountain constructed by the extrusion of lava or rock fragments from a vent. b. Magma Molten rock below the surface of the Earth. c. Lava Molten rock that reaches the surface of the Earth. d. Viscosity Resistance to flow. 15. Name and describe the 3 types of volcanoes. Shield gentle, sloping sides; non-explosive; low viscosity lava. Cinder cone steep sides constructed of loose rock fragments ejected from a central vent. Composite (stratovolcano) - Tall, steep sides constructed of alternating layers of pyroclastics and rock solidified from lava flows; Explosive 16. What determines whether a series of volcanic eruptions builds a shield volcano, a composite volcano, or a cinder cone? The viscosity and contents of the lava. 17. What determines the viscosity of lava? Silica concentration, dissolved gasses, and water content. 18. What role do gases play in volcanism? The greater the amount of dissolved gases in lava, the more fluid the lava. If the lava has a higher viscosity, the gases cannot escape easily

4 so the eruption will be more explosive. If the lava has a lower viscosity, the gases can escape easily and the eruption will be non-explosive. 19. List and describe the different types of lava. A a rough, jagged surface. Not as runny as pahoehoe. Pahoehoe - 2 nd most abundant type, smooth, billowy surface; flows tend to be thin an less viscous. Blocky large angular block surface; thick flow and slow moving. Pillow Most abundant in volume; found in aquatic environs. 20. What do pillow structures indicate about the environment of volcanism? Aquatic 21. What is VEI and how is it determined? Be able to make calculations based on VEI. Volcanic Explosive Index. Describes the relative size or magnitude of explosive volcanic eruptions. It is a 0-to-8 index of increasing explosivity. Each increase in number represents an increase around a factor of ten. The VEI uses several factors to assign a number, including volume of erupted pyroclastic material (for example, ashfall, pyroclastic flows, and other ejecta), height of eruption column, duration in hours, and qualitative descriptive terms. 22. Explain the factors that determine the explosiveness of a volcano. Two factors determine the explosivity: (1) the amount of gas in the lava or magma and (2) how easily the gas can escape to the atmosphere. Viscosity determine the ease with which gases can escape. The more viscous the lava and the greater the volume of gas, the more violent the eruption. 23. What are the different destructive forces of volcanoes? Pyroclastic fall, pyroclastic flow, lava bombs, lahars, debris avalanche, lava, lightening, famine, fumeraroles, ash clouds, tephra 24. Compare the hazards of lava flows to those of pyroclastic flows. Pyroclastic flows are mixtures of hot gas and pyroclastic (rock) debris that flow down the sides of the volcano at speed of over 400 mph. These flows are generally short lived but

5 account for the most fatalities. Lava erupted from volcanoes flow down the sides but are not as fast a pyroclastic flows due to the viscosity of the lava. However, the lava flows may last for days, months, or years. 25. What are some of the benefits of volcanism? New land formation, fertile soil, recycling of minerals and material, mineral deposits, cooling of the Earth s interior. 26. Explain why humans choose to live near volcanoes. Fertile soil for farming, near water for fishing, transportation, and recreation, natural beauty 27. How do volcanoes impact economics? Increase tourism through natural beauty and soil. Eruptions can hurt tourism by halting transportation to the area and destruction of land and structures. Large ash clouds cause air travel to stop in the area. This means people cannot get to the destination or leave the destination. Destruction of farmland impacts food production in the area. Etc

VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS. Objectives. Volcanoes and volcanic hazards. Volcano

VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS. Objectives. Volcanoes and volcanic hazards. Volcano VOLCANOES AND IGNEOUS ROCKS Objectives Identify several different categories of volcanic eruptions. Identify the volcanic hazards. Describe how temperature, pressure, and water content affect a rock s

More information

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes Mountain Building Folding Faulting Volcanoes Most Major Mountain ranges were formed by the collision of continental Plates Mountains by Folding Fold mountains are actually formed by crust which have been

More information

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes

Mountain Building. Folding. Faulting. Volcanoes Mountain Building Folding Faulting Volcanoes Most Major Mountain ranges were formed by the collision of continental Plates Mountains by Folding Fold mountains are actually formed by crust which have been

More information

Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism

Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism Test 3 Earth Formation, Structure, Plate Boundaries, Volcanism Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The shape of Earth most closely resembles

More information

Chapter 6. Table of Contents. Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions. Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions. Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions.

Chapter 6. Table of Contents. Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions. Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions. Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions. Volcanoes Table of Contents Section 1 Volcanic Eruptions Section 2 Effects of Volcanic Eruptions Section 3 Causes of Volcanic Eruptions Earth Biography: Volcanos http://www.youtube.com/user/skylif3#p/u

More information

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY?

WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? Name: Class: Date: What is a Volcano? WHERE DO VOLCANOES FORM AND WHY? A volcano is a weak spot in the crust where molten material, called magma, erupts to the surface. Magma is a mixture of rock-forming

More information

Section 2 Types of Volcanoes

Section 2 Types of Volcanoes Section 2 Types of Volcanoes Key Concept Tectonic plate motions can result in volcanic activity at plate boundaries. What You Will Learn Nonexplosive eruptions of basaltic magma occur at divergent boundaries.

More information

Volcanoes and plate tectonics

Volcanoes and plate tectonics Volcanoes and plate tectonics 1. divergent plate margins: rift volcanoes 2. convergent plate margins: 84% of eruptions ocean-ocean margins: island-arc volcanoes ocean-continent margins: andesitic volcanoes

More information

Volcanoes and Earthquakes. Part 1: Volcanoes

Volcanoes and Earthquakes. Part 1: Volcanoes Volcanoes and Earthquakes Part 1: Volcanoes Introduction Earth s crust is made of cool, solid rock. Yet, most of Earth is made of extremely hot rock in the mantle and liquid metal in the core. Sometimes,

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 9 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 9 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 9 Earth Science, 12e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2009 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information

Source: Photograph copyright Paul Hickson, 1980 Image by NPS

Source: Photograph copyright Paul Hickson, 1980 Image by NPS Volcanoes Source: Photograph copyright Paul Hickson, 1980 Image by NPS I. Volcanoes release magma A. Molten rock is less dense than solid rock so it rises through fractures Shield Volcano B. Speed of magma

More information

Slide 1. Earth Science. Chapter 6 Volcanoes

Slide 1. Earth Science. Chapter 6 Volcanoes Slide 1 Earth Science Chapter 6 Volcanoes Slide 2 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Volcano - a weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes to the surface. Ring of Fire - Major Volcanic Belt

More information

Lesson Plan: Volcanoes

Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan: Volcanoes Lesson Plan Content: This lesson plan and slide presentation is to be used in conjunction with:: 1 x volcano teacher briefing 1 x volcano teacher fact sheet

More information

ES 104: Laboratory # 8 VOLCANISM AND VOLCANIC LANDFORMS

ES 104: Laboratory # 8 VOLCANISM AND VOLCANIC LANDFORMS ES 104: Laboratory # 8 VOLCANISM AND VOLCANIC LANDFORMS Introduction Volcanoes are classified into several major types depending on the size and shape of the landform. A shield volcano forms a gently sloping

More information

Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions

Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions Volcanoes form when magma reaches the Earth's surface, causing eruptions of lava and ash. They occur at destructive (compressional) and constructive (tensional) plate boundaries.

More information

Volcanism occurring at mid- oceanic ridges produces basaltic rocks. Shield volcanoes are formed above hot spots located below the lithospheric plates.

Volcanism occurring at mid- oceanic ridges produces basaltic rocks. Shield volcanoes are formed above hot spots located below the lithospheric plates. Environmental Geology Chapter 8 Volcanic Activity There are approx. 1,500 active volcanoes on Earth. 400 of these volcanoes have erupted in the last century. Impact risks depend on the types of volcanoes.

More information

8-3.1 Summarize the three layers of Earth crust, mantle, and core on the basis of relative position, density, and composition.

8-3.1 Summarize the three layers of Earth crust, mantle, and core on the basis of relative position, density, and composition. Earth s Structure and Processes 8-3 The student will demonstrate an understanding of materials that determine the structure of Earth and the processes that have altered this structure. 8-3.1 Summarize

More information

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure:

MEMORANDUM OF ASSESSMENT Module 1: The Earth s Structure. 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: 1. The diagram below shows a section of the earth s structure: a. According to the sketch above give the name of each of the layers, which we have described. 1. The Crust 2. The mantle 3. The outer core

More information

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics 12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics Earth is over 1200 km thick and has four distinct layers. These layers are the crust, mantle (upper and lower), outer core, and inner core. Crust outer solid rock layer

More information

Exam 2 review Earth Science 2 Exam on April 8th

Exam 2 review Earth Science 2 Exam on April 8th 1. How is Earth organized? A. Earth has an inner and outer core, a mantle, and a crust. B. Earth has an inner mantle and an outer lithosphere. with a liquid inner core. C. Earth's crust rests atop the

More information

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7

Answers. Plate Tectonics. Year 9 Science Chapter 7 Answers Plate Tectonics Year 9 Science Chapter 7 p167 1 Plate tectonics is a scientific theory that is used to explain the movement of the Earth s lithosphere. The lithosphere is the solid outermost shell

More information

Volcanoes. GE Natural Hazards. Kelly Durst- Mt. Rainier

Volcanoes. GE Natural Hazards. Kelly Durst- Mt. Rainier Volcanoes GE 4150- Natural Hazards Kelly Durst- Mt. Rainier Earth s Structure Plate Tectonics Plate Tectonics Divergent margins: Plate separation and decompression melting -> low volatile abundance, low

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet

Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet Geography Chapter 2 A Living Planet The Earth Inside and Out pp.27 47 Bodies of Water and Land Forms pp. 32-36 Internal Forces Shaping the Earth pp.37-41 External Forces Shaping the Earth pp. 42-45 1.

More information

Unsaved Test, Version: 1 1

Unsaved Test, Version: 1 1 Name: Choose the letter of the best answer. 1. Earth's inner core and outer core are both A. parts of the asthenosphere B. parts of Earth's lithosphere C. completely solid spheres D. made up of hot metals

More information

Tectonic Activity Earthquakes Introduction

Tectonic Activity Earthquakes Introduction Tectonic Activity Earthquakes Introduction An earthquake is the shaking and vibration of the crust due to plate tectonics (movement of plates) Earthquakes can happen along any type of plate boundary. They

More information

The Layered Earth. Unit B Plate Tectonics. Unit D Shaping the Earth. Unit A The Solid Earth. Unit C Minerals and Rocks. Unit E Earthquakes

The Layered Earth. Unit B Plate Tectonics. Unit D Shaping the Earth. Unit A The Solid Earth. Unit C Minerals and Rocks. Unit E Earthquakes The Layered Earth: Content Overview The Layered Earth Unit A The Solid Earth Unit B Plate Tectonics Unit C Minerals and Rocks Unit D Shaping the Earth Unit E Earthquakes Unit F Volcanoes Unit G Geologic

More information

II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013)

II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) EAPS 100 Planet Earth Lecture Topics Brief Outlines II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) 1. Interior of the Earth Learning objectives: Understand the structure of the Earth s interior crust,

More information

Viscosity and Volcano Types

Viscosity and Volcano Types 20 LESSON Viscosity and Volcano Types This photo, taken in 1943 in Paricutin, Mexico, shows an eruption of the Paricutin volcano at night. Glowing hot, broken rocks outline the shape of the volcano, called

More information

Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Essential Questions What evidence can students observe that the Earth is changing? How do scientists know what s inside the Earth? What processes

More information

Agents for Development of Earth s Surface. Interactive Dynamic Processes at the Surface

Agents for Development of Earth s Surface. Interactive Dynamic Processes at the Surface The Face of the Earth Agents for Development of Earth s Surface Interactive Dynamic Processes at the Surface Roles of the atmosphere (gases, winds, climate), ocean (rivers, waves, currents) and biology

More information

Igneous Rocks Practice Exams and Answers Revised August 2007

Igneous Rocks Practice Exams and Answers Revised August 2007 Igneous Rocks Practice Exams and Answers Revised August 2007 1. Silicate liquids existing beneath the Earth's surface are called. 2. Silicate liquids that flow out at the Earth's surface or seabed are

More information

Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES

Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES Lecture 16 - Introduction to Volcanoes VOLCANOES What is a volcano? A place on the earth s surface (or any other planet) where molten rock and gases are erupted. A hill or mountain built up by the eruption

More information

Interactive Plate Tectonics

Interactive Plate Tectonics Interactive Plate Tectonics Directions: Go to the following website and complete the questions below. http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/index.html How do scientists learn about the interior

More information

Inside Earth Chapter 3

Inside Earth Chapter 3 Name Hour Due Date Inside Earth Chapter Page 1 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Page 2 Volcanic Activity Page - Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes Page 4 Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes table Page 5 - Mapping

More information

Forces of Nature: Teacher Packet

Forces of Nature: Teacher Packet Forces of Nature: Teacher Packet Compiled by: Morehead State University Star Theatre with help from Bethany DeMoss Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Corresponding Standards 2 Vocabulary 4 How Can we

More information

FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning the shapes of volcanoes. LAB: Experimenting with "lava." POST: Comparing

More information

Put the sentences in the correct order. They describe the process of PLATE TECTONICS.

Put the sentences in the correct order. They describe the process of PLATE TECTONICS. Tectonics The changing position of the continents is called continental drift. Plates move a few centimetres a year. Plate movement causes continents to collide, and split apart. The Earth s crust is divided

More information

Heat Flow. The decay of short-lived radioactive elements (such as aluminum-26) generated heat energy in the early stages of the Earth s formation.

Heat Flow. The decay of short-lived radioactive elements (such as aluminum-26) generated heat energy in the early stages of the Earth s formation. Heat Flow Heat from Earth s Interior Earth s interior heat comes from a combination of the following factors: Original heat from the formation and gravitational compression of the Earth from the solar

More information

Chapter 5: Magma And Volcanoes

Chapter 5: Magma And Volcanoes Chapter 5: Magma And Volcanoes Introduction: Earth s Internal Thermal Engine Magma is molten rock beneath Earth s surface. Because liquid magma is less dense than surrounding solid rock, and obviously

More information

3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics

3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics CHAPTER 4 3 The Theory of Plate Tectonics SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is the theory of plate tectonics? What

More information

Plate Tectonics. A Continental Puzzle. Drifting Continents

Plate Tectonics. A Continental Puzzle. Drifting Continents Plate Tectonics A Continental Puzzle Drifting Continents In 1910, a meteorologist from Germany named Alfred Wegener (Vay-guh-ner) developed a theory based on many observations. Even though meteorologists

More information

GY 111: Physical Geology

GY 111: Physical Geology UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA GY 111: Physical Geology The eruption of Mount Tavurvur volcano August 29th, 2014. Captured by Phil McNamara. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bur EX8aFbMs Instructor: Dr. Douglas

More information

SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the structure of different types of volcanoes. LAB: Plotting 3 different

More information

Features of Plate Tectonics

Features of Plate Tectonics Features of Plate Tectonics Section 12.2 Summary Textbook pages 518 537 Before You Read Earthquakes frequently occur in British Columbia. State what you already know about earthquakes in the lines below.

More information

Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6

Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6 TEACHING LEARNING COLLABORATIVE (TLC) EARTH SCIENCE Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6 Created by: Debra McKey (Mountain Vista Middle School); Valerie Duncan (Upper Lake Middle School); and Lynn Chick (Coyote Valley

More information

Chapter 4 -Volcanism & Extrusive Rocks. Photo Credit: S. Young

Chapter 4 -Volcanism & Extrusive Rocks. Photo Credit: S. Young Chapter 4 -Volcanism & Extrusive Rocks Photo Credit: S. Young volcanism! process that results in expulsion of molten rock on surface! lava and hot particles (pyroclasts) erupt and build volcanoes! examples:!

More information

Assessment Schedule 2013 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of the causes of extreme Earth events in New Zealand (91191)

Assessment Schedule 2013 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of the causes of extreme Earth events in New Zealand (91191) NCEA Level 2 Earth and Space Science (91191) 2013 page 1 of 6 Assessment Schedule 2013 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of the causes of extreme Earth events in New Zealand (91191) Evidence

More information

INTRODUCTION. This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano.

INTRODUCTION. This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano. BY RYAN O MAHONY INTRODUCTION This project is about volcanoes and how they form and how they function. It will also show you the different aspects of a volcano. MAP OF VOLCANOES AROUND THE WORLD DIAGRAM

More information

Lesson: Volcanoes (corresponding to Chapter 5: Volcanoes)

Lesson: Volcanoes (corresponding to Chapter 5: Volcanoes) This lava flow has destroyed a portion of a road in Hawaii. Slow-moving lava like this causes damage but rarely fatalities. Other types of volcanic eruptions are far more dangerous. In this lesson we review

More information

Plate Tectonics & Volcanoes

Plate Tectonics & Volcanoes Plate Tectonics & Volcanoes Beyond the typical story. David Lescinsky Univ. of Western Ontario The talk is available at www.uwo.ca/earth/outreach/volcano.pdf Plate tectonics are cool Press & Siever, 1999

More information

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Exam Review. Part 1. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle.

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Exam Review. Part 1. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle. Earth and Space Science Semester 2 Exam Review Part 1 Convection -A form of heat transfer. - Convection currents circulate in the Asthenosphere located in the Upper Mantle. - Source of heat is from the

More information

Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time

Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time Continental Drift: An Idea Before Its Time Alfred Wegener (1880 1930) Continental drift hypothesis: The world's continents are in motion and have been drifting apart into different configurations over

More information

THIRD GRADE HAZARDS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

THIRD GRADE HAZARDS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES THIRD GRADE HAZARDS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF THIRD GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Explaining why there are many types of volcanic rocks. LAB: Comparing rocks from

More information

1 Exploring Earth s Interior

1 Exploring Earth s Interior 1 Exploring Earth s Interior Crust Mantle Outer Core Crust-to-Mantle Inner Core Cross Section From Surface to Center SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Earth Science Prentice-Hall, Inc. 2 Evidence for Continental

More information

Continental Drift. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on:

Continental Drift. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on: Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift Continental Drift Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on: Similarities in shorelines

More information

EARTH SCIENCE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK GRADES K 12 WCCUSD/UCMP EARTH AS A SYSTEM

EARTH SCIENCE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK GRADES K 12 WCCUSD/UCMP EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH AS A SYSTEM K-2 3-5 6-8 How is the Earth part of a larger system? The Earth is part of a bigger system called the Solar System. The Earth is part of the Solar System. The Earth is part of the Solar

More information

Chapter 6: Volcanoes and Other Mountains

Chapter 6: Volcanoes and Other Mountains Chapter 6: Volcanoes and Other Mountains 1. The Volcano Commandos 2. Magma Viscosity 3. Magma Sources and Magma Composition 4. The Mount St. Helens Eruption 5. Products of Volcanic Eruptions 6. Volcanoes

More information

FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types of

More information

Plate Tectonics Web-Quest

Plate Tectonics Web-Quest Plate Tectonics Web-Quest Part I: Earth s Structure. Use the following link to find these answers: http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/structure.html 1. Label the layers of Earth in the diagram

More information

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Review Introduction Main contents Quiz Unless otherwise noted, all pictures are taken from wikipedia.org Review 1 Which is not included

More information

Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics

Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics Vocabulary: collisional boundary, convergent boundary, crust, divergent boundary, earthquake, lithosphere, mantle, plate, plate tectonics, transform boundary,

More information

Tsunamis. Seismic Sea Waves. Triggers / Cause (4) Speed, height, period, wavelength Trough often arrives first

Tsunamis. Seismic Sea Waves. Triggers / Cause (4) Speed, height, period, wavelength Trough often arrives first Seismic Sea Waves Triggers / Cause (4) Speed, height, period, wavelength Trough often arrives first Tsunamis Tsunamis 15 min Volcanoes 5 min Mass Wasting 10 min Fig. 10-20, p. 321 Historical Tsunami Events

More information

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide

Earth Science: Volcanoes Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: 3 class periods Program Description Just beneath Earth s crust lies a ball of molten rock, kept semi-liquid thanks to heat

More information

Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms

Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms Atmosphere Biosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere Lithosphere is the branch of physical geography, shared with the fields of Geomorphology and Tectonics, that specifically examine the landforms, continents

More information

Earth s Interior: Structure, Composition, and Temperature

Earth s Interior: Structure, Composition, and Temperature Course Outline Introduction: Course Objectives, Outline, Geology Basics Earth s Interior: Composition and Plate Tectonic Impact Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift: Theory, Data, Mechanisms Tectonic

More information

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide

Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Understanding: Volcanoes: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Earth Science Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Once, the power of volcanoes was thought to be the work

More information

Post Assessment. Concept(s)

Post Assessment. Concept(s) Post Assessment Concept(s) Addressed Time Materials Advance preparation The Earth has different layers with different densities, composition and temperatures. Direct and indirect evidence are used to explain

More information

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur?

Tectonic processes. 2.1 Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur? 2 Tectonic processes In this chapter you will study: how the Earth s crust is broken into different types of tectonic s what type of tectonic activity occurs at the boundaries what can happen during earthquakes

More information

Chapter 9: Plates and Plate Boundaries. Fig. 9.11

Chapter 9: Plates and Plate Boundaries. Fig. 9.11 Chapter 9: Plates and Plate Boundaries Fig. 9.11 OBJECTIVES Identify the physical and chemical divisions in Earth s outer layers. Understand that the lithospheric plates are buoyant and that this buoyancy

More information

What causes Earth s surface to change?

What causes Earth s surface to change? Lesson 1 Earth s Landforms Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics Lesson 3 Volcanoes Lesson 4 Earthquakes What causes Earth s surface to change? Lesson 5 Shaping Earth s Surface landform relief map topographical map

More information

Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface

Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface TEKS investigate rapid changes in Earth s surface such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and landslides Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface Constant Changes Earth s surface is constantly changing. Wind,

More information

7th grade midterm study guide 2016

7th grade midterm study guide 2016 7th grade midterm study guide 2016 Hi, 7 th grade! Your science midterm will have questions from chapter 1, the first two sections of chapter 2, and the first two sections of chapter 3 in your Inside Earth

More information

Volcanoes. These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page.

Volcanoes. These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. Volcanoes These icons indicate that teacher s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not

More information

what is the name of the north star and explain the apparent motion of all celestial objects in respect to the north star

what is the name of the north star and explain the apparent motion of all celestial objects in respect to the north star 2012 MID-TERM EXAM REVIEW diagram the earth s orbit including the following: tropic of cancer, tropic of capricorn, equator, sun s most direct rays, first day of each season, solstices, equinox, hours

More information

Volcanoes CTY Course Syllabus

Volcanoes CTY Course Syllabus Volcanoes CTY Course Syllabus Day 1, Monday Introduction to VACO Students educational and personal goals for the course Get to know each other s names Pre-Test Volcano Identification Hand out syllabus

More information

Rocks and Plate Tectonics

Rocks and Plate Tectonics Name: Class: _ Date: _ Rocks and Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is a naturally occurring, solid mass of mineral or

More information

Igneous Rocks. Geology 200 Geology for Environmental Scientists

Igneous Rocks. Geology 200 Geology for Environmental Scientists Igneous Rocks Geology 200 Geology for Environmental Scientists Magma Compositions Ultramafic - composition of mantle Mafic - composition of basalt, e.g. oceanic crust. 900-1200 o C, 50% SiO 2 Intermediate

More information

Use the web link provided in the Earth Science Folder

Use the web link provided in the Earth Science Folder ONLINE ACTIVITY: PLATE TECTONICS Using the web links provided in the Science10 handout folder complete the following activities and answer the questions listed. Use the web link provided in the Earth Science

More information

Ch 9.1 Continental Drift

Ch 9.1 Continental Drift Ch 9 Plate Tectonics 9.1 Continental Drift 9.2 Plate Tectonics 9.3 Actions of Plate Tectonics 9.4Testing Plate Tectonics 9.5 Mechanisms of Plate Motion Ch 9.1 Continental Drift l The proposed radical hypothesis

More information

Earth: An Introduc/on to Physical Geology, 10e

Earth: An Introduc/on to Physical Geology, 10e Earth: An Introduc/on to Physical Geology, 10e Tarbuck & Lutgens Plate Tectonics: A Scien/fic Revolu/on Unfolds Earth, 10e - Chapter 2 Hernan Santos University of Puerto Rico Mayagüez Campus Con/nental

More information

Best Lesson-Volcanoes & Earth s Layers

Best Lesson-Volcanoes & Earth s Layers Best Lesson-Volcanoes & Earth s Layers Grade Level: 5 th Grade Title of Lesson: Volcanoes & Earth s Layers Unit Title: Earth Science- Landforms of Georgia Georgia Performance Standard: S5E1: Students will

More information

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust

4 Deforming the Earth s Crust CHAPTER 4 4 Deforming the Earth s Crust SECTION Plate Tectonics BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What happens when rock is placed under stress?

More information

Lab Exercise - Volcanoes

Lab Exercise - Volcanoes Lab Exercise - Volcanoes http://www.appstate.edu/~abbottrn/vlcns/index.html Part 1, Hawaii, Shield Volcanoes 1.1 Compass Direction: NW 1.2 38.7 my 1.3 change in direction 1.4 What has been the velocity

More information

Changes in Earth s Surface

Changes in Earth s Surface Changes in Earth s Surface Vocabulary For two-column notes, underlines titles are main ideas Scientific Theory of Plate Tectonics Based on Wegener s Hypothesis Sea-floor spreading Continents drifted to

More information

Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02

Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02 Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02 This unit plan is intended to cover about seven weeks and would be appropriate for a middle school general science class or an introductory

More information

James S. Reichard Georgia Southern University. Student Name

James S. Reichard Georgia Southern University. Student Name 31 Exercise 4 Volcanic Hazards James S. Reichard Georgia Southern University Student Name Section In this lab you will: examine various volcanic hazards and some of the techniques that can be used to help

More information

Plate Tectonics. Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2

Plate Tectonics. Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2 1 Plate Tectonics Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Plate Tectonics: summary in haiku form Alfred Wegener gave us Continental Drift. Fifty years later... Continental Drift

More information

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1

Teacher Workbooks. Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Teacher Workbooks Science and Nature Series Cloze Paragraphs Natural Disasters Theme, Vol. 1 Copyright 2005 Teachnology Publishing Company A Division of Teachnology, Inc. For additional information, visit

More information

REVIEW Key Concepts. Unit 5 Planet Earth. Earthquakes and Volcanoes can suddenly change the Earth s surface

REVIEW Key Concepts. Unit 5 Planet Earth. Earthquakes and Volcanoes can suddenly change the Earth s surface REVIEW Key Concepts Unit 5 Planet Earth 1.0 Changes on the Earth s Surface Layers: Crust, Mantle, Core (Inner and Outer) Earthquakes and Volcanoes can suddenly change the Earth s surface Scientist s use

More information

Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007

Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007 Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007 1. Please fill in the missing labels. 2. Please fill in the missing labels. 3. How many large plates form the outer shell of the earth?

More information

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: Date: ES Chapter 10 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Scientists used the pattern of alternating normal and reversed

More information

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Does not include complete lecture notes. Continental drift: An idea before its time Alfred Wegener First proposed his continental drift hypothesis in 1915 Published The Origin

More information

Volcanoes and Viscosity

Volcanoes and Viscosity Volcanoes and Viscosity Grade Level: 7 Overview and Purpose: This lesson plan is intended to introduce the scientific method and use this method to better understand volcanoes. Education Standards Addressed:

More information

Michelle Mindick. volcanism, gradation, impact cratering, and Earth s interior core.

Michelle Mindick. volcanism, gradation, impact cratering, and Earth s interior core. Michelle Mindick The Evolution of Earth s Surface According to 21 st Century Astronomy, Earth originally formed as a result of gas and dust that rotated around a protostar - our sun- billions of years

More information

3. When an earthquake occurs, energy radiates in all directions from its source, which is called the. a. epicenter c. fault b. focus d.

3. When an earthquake occurs, energy radiates in all directions from its source, which is called the. a. epicenter c. fault b. focus d. NAME EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 8 1. A fault is. a. a place on Earth where earthquakes cannot occur b. a fracture in the Earth where movement has occurred c. the place on Earth s surface where structures move

More information

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review

SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review SCIENCE 10 Unit 4: Earth Science Review Use the following diagram to answer questions 1 and 2. 1. Which location has the youngest crust? A. A B. B C. C D. D 2. Which location is associated with subduction?

More information

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67)

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) 4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) Seafloor Spreading In the early 1960s, samples of basaltic ocean crust were dredged up from various locations across the ocean basins. The samples were then analyzed to

More information

Key topics today: How do we know about the Earth s interior structure? Earth s layering: By composition

Key topics today: How do we know about the Earth s interior structure? Earth s layering: By composition Solid-earth geology: Plate tectonics, earthquakes, and volcanoes Explain shape and structure of the ocean basins Explain cycle of oceanic opening and closing Explain many aspects of basic marine geology

More information

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test

Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Name: Class: Date: ID: A Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the

More information