physics of biomolecular chemistry and structures under stress e.g. protein conformations protein-protein bonds cell membranes

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "physics of biomolecular chemistry and structures under stress e.g. protein conformations protein-protein bonds cell membranes"

Transcription

1

2 Figure 12.4

3 physics of biomolecular chemistry and structures under stress e.g. protein conformations protein-protein bonds cell membranes unfolding/refolding single bond kinetics pore formation strength * lifetime dynamics of defect nucleation and thermal activation under stress!

4 Example 12.3 y1 (x1,y1) 8m F1 Fsum (0,0) m F2 x1 8m

5 The mass of the Moon is 1/81 of the mass of the Earth. Compared to the gravitational force that the Earth exerts on the Moon, the gravitational force that the Moon exerts on the Earth is A = 6561 times greater. B. 81 times greater. C. equally strong. D. 1/81 as great. E. (1/81) 2 = 1/6561 as great.

6 The mass of the Moon is 1/81 of the mass of the Earth. Compared to the gravitational force that the Earth exerts on the Moon, the gravitational force that the Moon exerts on the Earth is A = 6561 times greater. B. 81 times greater. C. equally strong. D. 1/81 as great. E. (1/81) 2 = 1/6561 as great.

7 Figure 12.14

8 If rocket 7 is launched with a speed > 25,000 mph, will it return to A? A. yes B. no

9 If rocket 7 is launched with a speed > 25,000 mph, will it return to A? A. yes B. no

10 Figure 12.15

11 The planet Saturn has 100 times the mass of the Earth and is 10 times more distant from the Sun than the Earth is. Compared to the Earth s acceleration as it orbits the Sun, the acceleration of Saturn as it orbits the Sun is A. 100 times greater. B. 10 times greater. C. the same. D. 1/10 as great. E. 1/100 as great.

12 The planet Saturn has 100 times the mass of the Earth and is 10 times more distant from the Sun than the Earth is. Compared to the Earth s acceleration as it orbits the Sun, the acceleration of Saturn as it orbits the Sun is A. 100 times greater. B. 10 times greater. C. the same. D. 1/10 as great. E. 1/100 as great.

13 Compared to the Earth, Planet X has twice the mass and twice the radius. This means that compared to the Earth s surface gravity, the surface gravity on Planet X is A. 4 times as much. B. twice as much. C. the same. D. 1/2 as much. E. 1/4 as much.

14 Compared to the Earth, Planet X has twice the mass and twice the radius. This means that compared to the Earth s surface gravity, the surface gravity on Planet X is A. 4 times as much. B. twice as much. C. the same. D. 1/2 as much. E. 1/4 as much.

15 Compared to the Earth, Planet X has twice the mass and twice the radius. This means that compared to the amount of energy required to move an object from the Earth s surface to infinity, the amount of energy required to move that same object from Planet X s surface to infinity is A. 4 times as much. B. twice as much. C. the same. D. 1/2 as much. E. 1/4 as much.

16 Compared to the Earth, Planet X has twice the mass and twice the radius. This means that compared to the amount of energy required to move an object from the Earth s surface to infinity, the amount of energy required to move that same object from Planet X s surface to infinity is A. 4 times as much. B. twice as much. C. the same. D. 1/2 as much. E. 1/4 as much.

17 A satellite is moving around the Earth in a circular orbit. Over the course of an orbit, the Earth s gravitational force A. does positive work on the satellite. B. does negative work on the satellite. C. does positive work on the satellite during part of the orbit and negative work on the satellite during the other part. D. does zero work on the satellite at all points in the orbit.

18 A satellite is moving around the Earth in a circular orbit. Over the course of an orbit, the Earth s gravitational force A. does positive work on the satellite. B. does negative work on the satellite. C. does positive work on the satellite during part of the orbit and negative work on the satellite during the other part. D. does zero work on the satellite at all points in the orbit.

19 Astronauts on the orbiting space station are weightless because... A. there is no gravity in space and they do not weigh anything. B. space is a vacuum and there is no gravity in a vacuum. C. space is a vacuum and there is no air resistance in a vacuum. D. the astronauts are far from Earth's surface at a location where gravitation has a minimal affect. E. There are no surface normal forces

20 Astronauts on the orbiting space station are weightless because... A. there is no gravity in space and they do not weigh anything. B. space is a vacuum and there is no gravity in a vacuum. C. space is a vacuum and there is no air resistance in a vacuum. D. the astronauts are far from Earth's surface at a location where gravitation has a minimal affect. E. There are no surface normal forces

21 Astronauts shown in the picture... A. will drift in the direction higher than the space station COG if they are above the COG B. will drift toward the COG of the space station if they are higher than its COG C. will remain in the same place in the space station, regardless of whether they are above or below the center of gravity

22 Astronauts shown in the picture... A. will drift in the direction higher than the space station COG if they are above the COG B. will drift toward the COG of the space station if they are higher than its COG C. will remain in the same place in the space station, regardless of whether they are above or below the center of gravity

23 A planet (P) is moving around the Sun (S) in an elliptical orbit. As the planet moves from aphelion to perihelion, the Sun s gravitational force A. does positive work on the planet. B. does negative work on the planet. C. does positive work on the planet during part of the motion and negative work during the other part. D. does zero work on the planet at all points between aphelion and perihelion.

24 A planet (P) is moving around the Sun (S) in an elliptical orbit. As the planet moves from aphelion to perihelion, the Sun s gravitational force A. does positive work on the planet. B. does negative work on the planet. C. does positive work on the planet during part of the motion and negative work during the other part. D. does zero work on the planet at all points between aphelion and perihelion.

25 A planet (P) is moving around the Sun (S) in an elliptical orbit. As the planet moves from aphelion to perihelion, the planet s angular momentum A. increases during part of the motion and decreases during the rest of the motion. B. increases at all times. C. decreases at all times. D. remains the same at all times.

26 A planet (P) is moving around the Sun (S) in an elliptical orbit. As the planet moves from aphelion to perihelion, the planet s angular momentum A. increases during part of the motion and decreases during the rest of the motion. B. increases at all times. C. decreases at all times. D. remains the same at all times.

27 Star X has twice the mass of the Sun. One of Star X s planets has the same mass as the Earth, and orbits Star X at the same distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun. The orbital speed of this planet of Star X is A. faster than the Earth s orbital speed. B. the same as the Earth s orbital speed. C. slower than the Earth s orbital speed. D. not enough information given to decide

28 Star X has twice the mass of the Sun. One of Star X s planets has the same mass as the Earth, and orbits Star X at the same distance at which the Earth orbits the Sun. The orbital speed of this planet of Star X is A. faster than the Earth s orbital speed. B. the same as the Earth s orbital speed. C. slower than the Earth s orbital speed. D. not enough information given to decide

29 Suppose the Sun were to shrink to half of its present radius while maintaining the same mass. What effect would this have on the Earth s orbit? A. The size of the orbit would decrease and the orbital period would decrease. B. The size of the orbit would increase and the orbital period would increase. C. The size of the orbit and the orbital period would remain unchanged. D. none of these

30 Suppose the Sun were to shrink to half of its present radius while maintaining the same mass. What effect would this have on the Earth s orbit? A. The size of the orbit would decrease and the orbital period would decrease. B. The size of the orbit would increase and the orbital period would increase. C. The size of the orbit and the orbital period would remain unchanged. D. none of these

A. 81 2 = 6561 times greater. B. 81 times greater. C. equally strong. D. 1/81 as great. E. (1/81) 2 = 1/6561 as great.

Q12.1 The mass of the Moon is 1/81 of the mass of the Earth. Compared to the gravitational force that the Earth exerts on the Moon, the gravitational force that the Moon exerts on the Earth is A. 81 2

Astro 110-01 Lecture 10 Newton s laws

Astro 110-01 Lecture 10 Newton s laws Twin Sungrazing comets 9/02/09 Habbal Astro110-01 Lecture 10 1 http://umbra.nascom.nasa.gov/comets/movies/soho_lasco_c2.mpg What have we learned? How do we describe

Chapter 4 Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity

Chapter 4 Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity How do we describe motion? Precise definitions to describe motion: Speed: Rate at which object moves sp e e d = d ista

Version A Page 1. 1. The diagram shows two bowling balls, A and B, each having a mass of 7.00 kilograms, placed 2.00 meters apart.

Physics Unit Exam, Kinematics 1. The diagram shows two bowling balls, A and B, each having a mass of 7.00 kilograms, placed 2.00 meters apart. What is the magnitude of the gravitational force exerted by

Today. Laws of Motion. Conservation Laws. Gravity

Today Laws of Motion Conservation Laws Gravity Laws of Motion Motion notions: slow fast Speed: Rate at which object moves fast change in direction slow example: speed of 10 m/s Velocity: Speed and direction

AST 101 Lecture 7. Newton s Laws and the Nature of Matter

AST 101 Lecture 7 Newton s Laws and the Nature of Matter The Nature of Matter Democritus (c. 470-380 BCE) posited that matter was composed of atoms Atoms: particles that can not be further subdivided 4

Chapter 13 Newton s Theory of Gravity

Chapter 13 Newton s Theory of Gravity Chapter Goal: To use Newton s theory of gravity to understand the motion of satellites and planets. Slide 13-2 Chapter 13 Preview Slide 13-3 Chapter 13 Preview Slide

Exemplar Problems Physics

Chapter Eight GRAVITATION MCQ I 8.1 The earth is an approximate sphere. If the interior contained matter which is not of the same density everywhere, then on the surface of the earth, the acceleration

Black holes 101(beyond science fiction)

Chapter 13: Gravitation Newton s Law of Gravitation Why is gravity important? Revisit the following: gravitational force, weight, and gravitational energy Stellar motions: the orbits of satellites and

Today. Laws of Motion Conservation Laws Gravity tides. What is the phase of the moon?

Today Laws of Motion Conservation Laws Gravity tides What is the phase of the moon? How is mass different from weight? Mass the amount of matter in an object Weight the force that acts upon an object You

Motion and Gravity in Space

Motion and Gravity in Space Each planet spins on its axis. The spinning of a body, such a planet, on its axis is called rotation. The orbit is the path that a body follows as it travels around another

4.1 Describing Motion. How do we describe motion? Chapter 4 Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity

Chapter 4 Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity 4.1 Describing Motion Our goals for learning:! How do we describe motion?! How is mass different from weight? How do we

The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity. Chapter 4 Lecture

Chapter 4 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity

The beautiful rings of Saturn consist of countless centimeter-sized ice crystals, all orbiting the planet under the influence of gravity. Chapter Goal: To use Newton s theory of gravity to understand the

Use the following information to deduce that the gravitational field strength at the surface of the Earth is approximately 10 N kg 1.

IB PHYSICS: Gravitational Forces Review 1. This question is about gravitation and ocean tides. (b) State Newton s law of universal gravitation. Use the following information to deduce that the gravitational

Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity

Making Sense of the Universe: Understanding Motion, Energy, and Gravity 1. Newton s Laws 2. Conservation Laws Energy Angular momentum 3. Gravity Review from last time Ancient Greeks: Ptolemy; the geocentric

Practice Test (Chapter 10)

Practice Test (Chapter 10) 1) According to Kepler's laws, the paths of planets about the sun are A) parabolas. B) circles. C) straight lines. D) ellipses. Answer: D 2) Which of the following is not a vector

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015 Why are celestial motions and forces important? They explain the world around

Halliday, Resnick & Walker Chapter 13. Gravitation. Physics 1A PHYS1121 Professor Michael Burton

Halliday, Resnick & Walker Chapter 13 Gravitation Physics 1A PHYS1121 Professor Michael Burton II_A2: Planetary Orbits in the Solar System + Galaxy Interactions (You Tube) 21 seconds 13-1 Newton's Law

circular motion & gravitation physics 111N

circular motion & gravitation physics 111N uniform circular motion an object moving around a circle at a constant rate must have an acceleration always perpendicular to the velocity (else the speed would

Universal Gravitation Multiple Choice Homework

Universal Gravitation Multiple Choice Homework PSI Physics Name Multiple Choice Questions 1. The discovery of Universal Gravitation is associated with: A. Robert Hook B. Isaac Newton C. James Joule D.

UCM-Gravity. 2. The diagram shows two bowling balls, A and B, each having a mass of 7 kilograms, placed 2 meters apart.

1. A space probe is launched into space from Earth s surface. Which graph represents the relationship between the magnitude of the gravitational force exerted on Earth by the space probe and the distance

Understanding the motion of the Universe. Motion, Force, and Gravity

Understanding the motion of the Universe Motion, Force, and Gravity Laws of Motion Stationary objects do not begin moving on their own. In the same way, moving objects don t change their movement spontaneously.

Chapter 13. Newton s Theory of Gravity

Chapter 13. Newton s Theory of Gravity The beautiful rings of Saturn consist of countless centimeter-sized ice crystals, all orbiting the planet under the influence of gravity. Chapter Goal: To use Newton

Chapter 5: Circular Motion, the Planets, and Gravity

Chapter 5: Circular Motion, the Planets, and Gravity 1. Earth s gravity attracts a person with a force of 120 lbs. The force with which the Earth is attracted towards the person is A. Zero. B. Small but

Halliday, Resnick & Walker Chapter 13. Gravitation. Physics 1A PHYS1121 Professor Michael Burton

Halliday, Resnick & Walker Chapter 13 Gravitation Physics 1A PHYS1121 Professor Michael Burton II_A2: Planetary Orbits in the Solar System + Galaxy Interactions (You Tube) 21 seconds 13-1 Newton's Law

5. Universal Laws of Motion

5. Universal Laws of Motion If I have seen farther than others, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of giants. Sir Isaac Newton (1642 1727) Physicist 5.1 Describing Motion: Examples from Daily

Astro Lecture 11 Newton s laws

Astro 110-01 Lecture 11 Newton s laws Twin Sungrazing comets 11/02/09 Habbal Astro110-01 Lecture 11 1 http://umbra.nascom.nasa.gov/comets/movies/soho_lasco_c2.mpg Understanding Newton s 3 rd law Weight

QUESTION BANK UNIT-6 CHAPTER-8 GRAVITATION

QUESTION BANK UNIT-6 CHAPTER-8 GRAVITATION I. One mark Questions: 1. State Kepler s law of orbits. 2. State Kepler s law of areas. 3. State Kepler s law of periods. 4. Which physical quantity is conserved

Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation

Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation The greatest moments in science are when two phenomena that were considered completely separate suddenly are seen as just two different versions of the same thing.

Name Class Period. F = G m 1 m 2 d 2. G =6.67 x 10-11 Nm 2 /kg 2

Gravitational Forces 13.1 Newton s Law of Universal Gravity Newton discovered that gravity is universal. Everything pulls on everything else in the universe in a way that involves only mass and distance.

Understanding the motion of the Universe. Motion, Force, and Gravity

Understanding the motion of the Universe Motion, Force, and Gravity Laws of Motion Stationary objects do not begin moving on their own. In the same way, moving objects don t change their movement spontaneously.

Physics Principles of Physics

Physics 1408-00 Principles of Physics Lecture 9 Chapter 6 February 5, 008 Sung-Won Lee Sungwon.Lee@ttu.edu Announcement I Lecture note is on the web Handout (4(or 6) slides/page) http://highenergy.phys.ttu.edu/~slee/1408/

Chapter 13 Newton s Theory of Gravity

Chapter 13 Newton s Theory of Gravity The textbook gives a good brief account of the period leading up to Newton s Theory of Gravity. I am not going to spend much time reviewing the history but will show

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System

Lecture 13 Gravity in the Solar System Guiding Questions 1. How was the heliocentric model established? What are monumental steps in the history of the heliocentric model? 2. How do Kepler s three laws

In Orbit. Overview. Venn Diagram Positioning. Time Required. Materials Required. Newton s Laws of Motion: In Orbit [ 1 ]

In Orbit Overview The celestial bodies of our solar system move according to rules governed by gravity, Newton s Laws of Motion, and mathematics. In this computer-based simulation developed by the University

Name: Date: Period: Gravity Study Guide

Vocabulary: Define the following terms. Law of Universal Gravitation Gravity Study Guide Weight Weightlessness Gravitational Field Black hole Escape velocity Math: Be able to use the equation for the law

Today s topic: Gravity

Today s topic: Gravity Reminder: midterm on Wed Oct 8. I will do a review session second half of today s class Midterm will cover everything through last week. Remember to bring you star wheel for the

EDMONDS COMMUNITY COLLEGE ASTRONOMY 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Test # 1

Instructor: L. M. Khandro EDMONDS COMMUNITY COLLEGE ASTRONOMY 100 Winter Quarter 2007 Sample Test # 1 1. An arc second is a measure of a. time interval between oscillations of a standard clock b. time

Q: Who established the law of universal gravitation? A: Newton. Q: What is a spring scale used for? A: To measure weight

Q: Who established the law of universal gravitation? A: Newton Q: What is a spring scale used for? A: To measure weight Q: What is the Law of Universal Gravitation? A: Everything in the universe has gravity.

Name Class Date. true

Exercises 131 The Falling Apple (page 233) 1 Describe the legend of Newton s discovery that gravity extends throughout the universe According to legend, Newton saw an apple fall from a tree and realized

Educator Guide to S LAR SYSTEM. 1875 El Prado, San Diego CA 92101 (619) 238-1233 www.rhfleet.org

Educator Guide to S LAR SYSTEM 1875 El Prado, San Diego CA 92101 (619) 238-1233 www.rhfleet.org Pre-Visit Activity: Orbital Paths Materials: Plastic Plate Marble Scissors To Do: 1. Put the plate on a flat

How do we describe motion?

Lecture 3: The Laws of Motion and Universal Gravitation Astronomy 2020, Prof. Tom Megeath To be ignorant of motion is to be ignorant of nature -Aristotle Overview of Today s Lecture 1. Newton s three laws

Lecture 5: Newton s Laws. Astronomy 111

Lecture 5: Newton s Laws Astronomy 111 Isaac Newton (1643-1727): English Discovered: three laws of motion, one law of universal gravitation. Newton s great book: Newton s laws are universal in scope,

Exam # 1 Thu 10/06/2010 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti

Exam # 1 Thu 10/06/2010 Astronomy 100/190Y Exploring the Universe Fall 11 Instructor: Daniela Calzetti INSTRUCTIONS: Please, use the `bubble sheet and a pencil # 2 to answer the exam questions, by marking

7.2 Calculate force of gravity at a given distance given the force of gravity at another distance (making use of the inverse square relationship).

Chapter 7 Circular Motion and Gravitation 7.1 Calculate force of gravity using Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation. 5. What is the gravitational force between the Earth and the Sun? (Mass of Earth: 5.98

Introduction to Gravity and Orbits. Isaac Newton. Newton s Laws of Motion

Introduction to Gravity and Orbits Isaac Newton Born in England in 1642 Invented calculus in early twenties Finally published work in gravity in 1687 The Principia Newton s Laws of Motion 1: An object

Astronomy 110 Homework #04 Assigned: 02/06/2007 Due: 02/13/2007. Name:

Astronomy 110 Homework #04 Assigned: 02/06/2007 Due: 02/13/2007 Name: Directions: Listed below are twenty (20) multiple-choice questions based on the material covered by the lectures this past week. Choose

Notes: Most of the material in this chapter is taken from Young and Freedman, Chap. 13.

Chapter 5. Gravitation Notes: Most of the material in this chapter is taken from Young and Freedman, Chap. 13. 5.1 Newton s Law of Gravitation We have already studied the effects of gravity through the

Chapter 6 Circular Motion, Orbits and Gravity

Chapter 6 Circular Motion, Orbits and Gravity Topics: The kinematics of uniform circular motion The dynamics of uniform circular motion Circular orbits of satellites Newton s law of gravity Sample question:

PHY131H1F - Class 13. Today: Gravitational Potential Energy. Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation. The Gravitational Field.

PHY131H1F - Class 13 Today: Gravitational Potential Energy Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation The Gravitational Field Orbital Motion Two balls are launched along a pair of tracks with equal velocities,

Astron 100 Sample Exam 1 1. Solar eclipses occur only at (A) New moon (B) 1 st quarter moon (C) Full moon (D) 3 rd quarter moon (E) The equinoxes 2.

Astron 100 Sample Exam 1 1. Solar eclipses occur only at (A) New moon (B) 1 st quarter moon (C) Full moon (D) 3 rd quarter moon (E) The equinoxes 2. If the Moon is at first quarter tonight in Amherst,

GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS PHYSICS 20 GRAVITATIONAL FORCES. Gravitational Fields (or Acceleration Due to Gravity) Symbol: Definition: Units:

GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS Gravitational Fields (or Acceleration Due to Gravity) Symbol: Definition: Units: Formula Description This is the formula for force due to gravity or as we call it, weight. Relevant

Physics 130 Astronomy Exam #1 July 19, 2004

Physics 130 Astronomy Exam #1 July 19, 2004 Name Multiple Choice: 1. A scientist observes a new phenomenon that disagrees with his explanation or hypothesis. Following the scientific methods, he should

PHY1 Review for Exam 5

Topics 1. Uniform circular Motion a. Centripetal acceleration b. Centripetal force c. Horizontal motion d. ertical motion e. Circular motion with an angle 2. Universal gravitation a. Gravitational force

Gravitation. Gravitation

1 Gravitation Newton s observations A constant center seeking force is required to keep an object moving along a circular path. You know that the moon orbits the earth and hence there should be a force

ASTR 1010 Astronomy of the Solar System Professor Caillault Fall 2009 Semester Exam 1 Answers

ASTR 1010 Astronomy of the Solar System Professor Caillault Fall 2009 Semester Exam 1 Answers 1. The number of degrees in a full circle is (c) 360 2. An arcsecond is a measure of (d) angle. 3. How many

Chapter 13. Gravitation

Chapter 13 Gravitation 13.2 Newton s Law of Gravitation In vector notation: Here m 1 and m 2 are the masses of the particles, r is the distance between them, and G is the gravitational constant. G = 6.67

Building Planetary Orbits (the Feynman way)

Building Planetary Orbits (the Feynman way) Using a method of computing known as finite differences we can quickly calculate the geometry of any planetary orbit. All we need are a starting position and

Question on Class IX» Science» Gravitation» The Universal Law Of Gravitation.

Question on Class IX» Science» Gravitation» The Universal Law Of Gravitation. Q.1. When we move from the poles to the equator. Hence, the value of g decreases. Why Ans: The shape of earth is an ellipse

PHYS 117- Exam I. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

PHYS 117- Exam I Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Car A travels from milepost 343 to milepost 349 in 5 minutes. Car B travels

Chapter 3: Force and Motion

Force and Motion Cause and Effect Chapter 3 Chapter 3: Force and Motion Homework: All questions on the Multiple- Choice and the odd-numbered questions on Exercises sections at the end of the chapter. In

The Motions of Celestial Bodies, and Newton s Laws of Motion

The Motions of Celestial Bodies, and Newton s Laws of Motion Announcements The results of Quiz 1 are posted in OWL Looking ahead: Homework 1 is on-going, and is due on Thu, Sept. 29 th ; Homework 2 will

Lecture Outlines. Chapter 2. Astronomy Today 7th Edition Chaisson/McMillan Pearson Education, Inc.

Lecture Outlines Chapter 2 Astronomy Today 7th Edition Chaisson/McMillan Chapter 2 The Copernican Revolution Units of Chapter 2 2.1 Ancient Astronomy 2.2 The Geocentric Universe 2.3 The Heliocentric Model

Lesson 5 Rotational and Projectile Motion

Lesson 5 Rotational and Projectile Motion Introduction: Connecting Your Learning The previous lesson discussed momentum and energy. This lesson explores rotational and circular motion as well as the particular

Newton s Universal Law of Gravitation The Apple and the Moon Video

Name Date Pd Newton s Universal Law of Gravitation The Apple and the Moon Video Objectives Recognize that a gravitational force exists between any two objects and that the force is directly proportional

4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction

CHAPTER 1 SECTION Matter in Motion 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is gravity? How are weight and mass different?

The Gravitational Field

The Gravitational Field The use of multimedia in teaching physics Texts to multimedia presentation Jan Hrnčíř jan.hrncir@gfxs.cz Martin Klejch martin.klejch@gfxs.cz F. X. Šalda Grammar School, Liberec

Gravity. in the Solar System. Beyond the Book. FOCUS Book

FOCUS Book Design a test to find out whether Earth s gravity always pulls straight down. A pendulum is a weight that hangs from a string or rod that can swing back and forth. Use string and metal washers

Today: Chapter 9 (Gravity)

Today: Chapter 9 (Gravity) Chapter 9: Gravity Newton: made revolutionary connection between the circular motion of celestial bodies and the downward falling of objects on the earth: It is the one and the

356 CHAPTER 12 Bob Daemmrich

Standard 7.3.17: Investigate that an unbalanced force, acting on an object, changes its speed or path of motion or both, and know that if the force always acts toward the same center as the object moves,

Q3.2.a The gravitational force exerted by a planet on one of its moons is 3e23 newtons when the moon is at a particular location.

Q3.2.a The gravitational force exerted by a planet on one of its moons is 3e23 newtons when the moon is at a particular location. If the mass of the moon were three times as large, what would the force

Described by Isaac Newton

Described by Isaac Newton States observed relationships between motion and forces 3 statements cover aspects of motion for single objects and for objects interacting with another object An object at rest

Warm up. Forces. Sir Issac Newton. Questions to think about

Warm up Have you ever tried to pull something that just wouldn t budge? Describe a situation in which you pulled or tried to pull something. What made the job easier? Forces Sir Issac Newton Newton said

Physics Honors: Chapter 7 Practice Test

Physics Honors: Chapter 7 Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When an object is moving with uniform circular motion,

tps Q: If the Earth were located at 0.5 AU instead of 1 AU, how would the Sun s gravitational force on Earth change?

tps Q: If the Earth were located at 0.5 AU instead of 1 AU, how would the Sun s gravitational force on Earth change? A. It would be one-fourth as strong. B. It would be one-half as strong. C. It would

Chapter 6. Circular Motion, Orbits, and Gravity. PowerPoint Lectures for College Physics: A Strategic Approach, Second Edition

Chapter 6 Circular Motion, Orbits, and Gravity PowerPoint Lectures for College Physics: A Strategic Approach, Second Edition 6 Circular Motion, Orbits, and Gravity Slide 6-2 Slide 6-3 Slide 6-4 Slide 6-5

Chapter 6: Energy and Oscillations. 1. Which of the following is not an energy unit? A. N m B. Joule C. calorie D. watt E.

Chapter 6: Energy and Oscillations 1. Which of the following is not an energy unit? A. N m B. Joule C. calorie D. watt E. kwh 2. Work is not being done on an object unless the A. net force on the object

Concept Review. Physics 1

Concept Review Physics 1 Speed and Velocity Speed is a measure of how much distance is covered divided by the time it takes. Sometimes it is referred to as the rate of motion. Common units for speed or

NEWTON S LAWS OF MOTION

NEWTON S LAWS OF MOTION Background: Aristotle believed that the natural state of motion for objects on the earth was one of rest. In other words, objects needed a force to be kept in motion. Galileo studied

Kepler, Newton, and laws of motion

Kepler, Newton, and laws of motion !! " The only history in this course:!!!geocentric vs. heliocentric model (sec. 2.2-2.4)" The important historical progression is the following:!! Ptolemy (~140 AD) Copernicus

Kepler, Newton and Gravitation

Kepler, Newton and Gravitation Kepler, Newton and Gravity 1 Using the unit of distance 1 AU = Earth-Sun distance PLANETS COPERNICUS MODERN Mercury 0.38 0.387 Venus 0.72 0.723 Earth 1.00 1.00 Mars 1.52

STAAR Science Tutorial 25 TEK 8.6C: Newton s Laws

Name: Teacher: Pd. Date: STAAR Science Tutorial 25 TEK 8.6C: Newton s Laws TEK 8.6C: Investigate and describe applications of Newton's law of inertia, law of force and acceleration, and law of action-reaction

Announcements. Eclipses 2/1/12. HW1 is due Thursday. You have to be registered at MasteringAstronomy to do the homework!

Announcements HW1 is due Thursday. You have to be registered at MasteringAstronomy to do the homework! TA Qufei Gu will be in RH111 4:00-5:00PM Wednesday to help with homework. Email: zyx88@unm.edu Feb

Galileo and the physics of motion

Galileo and the physics of motion Studies of motion important : planetary orbits, cannonball accuracy, basic physics. Galileo among first to make careful observations Looked at velocity, acceleration,

Gravity? Depends on Where You Are!

Gravity? Depends on Where You Are! Overview Gravity is one of the fundamental concepts of Physics. It is an abstract concept that benefits from activities that help illustrate it. This lesson plan involves

6. What is the approximate angular diameter of the Sun in arcseconds? (d) 1860

ASTR 1020 Stellar and Galactic Astronomy Professor Caillault Fall 2009 Semester Exam 1 Multiple Choice Answers (Each multiple choice question is worth 1.5 points) 1. The number of degrees in a full circle

Clicker Question: Clicker Question: Gravitational Force. Newton's Law of Gravity. Inverse Square law Demo

Test results Last day to drop without a grade is Oct. 3 Grades posted in cabinet and online F D C B A A bullet is fired from a gun. Complete the following sentance to form a true statement. The speed of

USING MS EXCEL FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION

USING MS EXCEL FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION Ian Cooper School of Physics The University of Sydney i.cooper@physics.usyd.edu.au Introduction The numerical calculations performed by scientists and engineers

Planetary Orbit Simulator Student Guide

Name: Planetary Orbit Simulator Student Guide Background Material Answer the following questions after reviewing the Kepler's Laws and Planetary Motion and Newton and Planetary Motion background pages.

Astro 101 F15 Test 2. Name: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Name: Astro 101 Test 2 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The Moon undergoes synchronous rotation, and as a consequence the: a. Moon does

13 Universal Gravitation. Everything pulls on everything else.

Everything pulls on everything else. Gravity was not discovered by Isaac Newton. What Newton discovered, prompted by a falling apple, was that gravity is a universal force that it is not unique to Earth,

Chapter 13: Universal Gravitation

Chapter 13: Universal Gravitation I. The Falling Apple (13.1) A. Isaac Newton (1642-1727) 1. Formulated ideas based on earlier work by Galileo (concept of inertia) 2. Concept if object undergoes change

Gravity: The Law of Attraction

Gravity: The Law of Attraction 2009, Copyright@2008 Lecture 1, Oct. 1 2009 Oct. 1, 2009 #1 Questions of the day: How are Force, acceleration, and mass related? Why is gravity the most important force for

Forces. Isaac Newton was the first to discover that the laws that govern motions on the Earth also applied to celestial bodies.

Forces Now we will discuss the part of mechanics known as dynamics. We will introduce Newton s three laws of motion which are at the heart of classical mechanics. We must note that Newton s laws describe

Name: Date: 7. A child is riding a bike and skids to a stop. What happens to their kinetic energy? Page 1

Name: Date: 1. Driving down the road, you hit an insect. How does the force your car exerts on the insect compare to the force the insect exerts on the car? A) The insect exerts no force on the car B)