UNIT-1 PART-A UNIT-2 PART-A

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1 UNIT-1 1. Define computer? 2. Discuss briefly about input and output devices? 3. What is a RAM? 4. What is arom? 5. What is a compiler? 6. Write about a linker? 7. List any 5 key wordsof c? 8. Illustrate the structure of a c program? 9. What are the characteristics of c language? 10. Write briefly about identifiers and constants? 11. What are the different data types in c? 12. Define a variable? 13. List out different types of operators used in c? 14. Discuss about conditional operator? 15. Define an expression? 16. Write a program to add two numbers? 17. Write briefly about operator precedence? 18. Discuss type conversion? 19. Write about printf and scanf functions in c? 20. What are the different control statements available in c? UNIT-2 1. Distinguish between the user-defined and built-in functions? 2. What is the main() in c? Why it is necessary in each program? 3. What are the advantages of using functions 4. What are storage classes? list different types of storage classes in c? 5. Distinguish between #include directive and#define directive? 6. What are the advantages of using arrays? 7. Write a simple program to illustrate the usage of pre-processor directive? 8. In what way array is different from an ordinary variable? 9. Write a function to swap the values of two variables? 10. Explain the concept of header files list few? 11. Explain briefly about row major representation? 12. Explain briefly about column major representation? 13. Define searching and sorting? 14. What is the difference between static and automatic variables? 15. Define array?

2 16. Show how binary searching will proceed if an array A contains the values (7,20,80,92,123,971) and the value to be searched is 7? UNIT-3 POINTERS AND STRINGS PART A 1. What is a pointer? 2. Explain briefly about pointer variable. give an example? 3. How to declare and initiate a pointer? 4. Discuss about passing pointers as function argument? 5. Write a simple c program using pointers? 6. Discuss briefly about static memory allocation? 7. Discuss briefly about dynamic memory allocation? 8. write a short notes on malloc()? 9. write a short notes on calloc()? 10. Discuss about passing arrays as function argument? 11. Describe the features of pointers? 12. What is a ragged array? 13. define a string? 14. How to declare a string? 15. Explain the usage of function gets()and puts()? 16. Categorize different types of strings handling functions? 17. Explain briefly strcat() and strcmp() functions? 18. Write a c program to return the length of a string using strlen() function? PART B 1. What is a pointer? List out the reasons for using pointers? 2. Write a short notes on I. pointer constants II. pointer values III. pointer variables 3. explain the process of accessing a variable through pointer. give an example? 4. write a short on pointers? What is a pointer? how is pointer initiated? give an example? Explain the process of declaring and initializing pointers give an example? 5. What are the various operations performed in pointer explain with an examples? 6. Write a c program that uses a pointer as a function argument?

3 How to use pointers as arguments in a function? Explain through an example? 7. How one pointer points to another pointer. explain? 8. Explain the compatibility issues of pointers? 9. Explain the relation between an array and a pointer? 10. Consider the following c-program segment. Char* months[12]={ JANUARY, FEBRUARY, MARCH, APRIL, MAY, JUNE, JULY, AUGUST, SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER, NOVEMBER, DECEMBER }; Char **a=months; Char **b=a++; What are the values of the following expressions? justify your answer. 11. Write c functions void inserts (char a[],charc,int *n,int i) that inserts character c at index i in the array by shifting all elements above that position by 1 and increamenting on? 12. Discuss the different arthimetic operations with pointers. explain the comparision of two pointers/ 13. Explain how arrays are passed to a function 14. Explain the concept of memory. 15. What are the charchteristics of memory allocation? explain? 16. Explain about memory allocation functions in c? Explain the different memory allocation functions used in managing dynamic memory? 17. Discuss with syntax the purpose of the malloc functions in c? 18. Explain about dynamic memory management functions? 19. what is an array of pointer? How is it declared? 20. Explain pointers to void with an example? 21. Explain pointers to function with an example? 22. Explain briefly about string classification? 23. what are the various formatted string input /output functions? explain in detail? 24. explain about unformatted string input/output functions? 25. what is an array of strings? 26. what are built-in string functions? explain in detail? 27. write a short notes on (i)string to data conversion (ii) data to string conversion 28. write a cprogram to illustrate use of in direction operator * to acess the value pointed by a pointer.?

4 29. Develop a c program to determine if the given string is a palindrome or not.a palindrome is a message that reads same forwards and back wards. example a palindrome is madam? Write a c program that reads a string and prints if it is a palindromenot? 30. write a complete c program that displays the position index in the strings where the string T begins. the program displays -1 if s does not contains T.for example,if s is information processing and T is process the value displayed is 12.The strings s and T are supplied by the user 31. write a program using pointer to read in an array of integers and print its elements in reverse order? 32. write a program to count the number of words, lines and charcters in a text? 33. write a c program using pointers to determine the length or a charcter string? 34. write a c program using pointer to perform string comparision 35. write a c program to accept string using character pointer and displays it? UNIT-4 1. define type def? 2. what is meant by enumerated data types? 3. list the different types of operations that can be performed on enumerated data types? 4. explain how i/o operations are performed on enumerated types? 5. define structure? 6. how are structure elements stared in memory? 7. how to access structure elements using pointers? 8. how to declare an union? 9. W.A.P using structures to display the following information for each custom name, account number, street, city, old balance, current payment, new balance, account status? 10. what is a file? 11. illustrate different types of files? 12. what is the functionality of fopen() and fclose() functions? 13. list the different modes that can be provide as a parameter to the fopen() function? 14. what is the purpose of library function feof()? How feof()be utilized within a program that updates an unformatted data file? Explain? 15. differentiate between fprintf and fwrite statements. When do you prefer to use f write instead of fprintf? 16. what are command line arguments? 17. write in brief about fscanf() and fprintf() functions? 18. WAP to copy data from one file to another file. the name of the source file and the name of the destination file are supplied by the user?

5 UNIT-5 1. define selection sort technique? 2. what are the advantages and disadvantages of selection sort? 3. explain the process of bubble sorting? 4. explain with an example how to a list of elements using bubble sort? 5. what is a linear search? 6. w.a.c. program for linear search? 7. define binary search? 8. write an algorithm for binary search? 9. list the different types of operations that can be performed on linear list? 10. what are the implementation issues of an array list? 11. what is the difference between the linked list and an array? 12. Define a singly linked list? 13. write an algorithm to inser an element at the specified position in a linked list? 14. write a function to find the average of linear list? 15. define a stack? 16. what are the different operations that can be performed on a 17. stack? 18. define queue? 19. write an algorithm to delete an element from the queue? 20. what are the applications of stack? 21. write c- structures for implementing queues using linked lists. Using these structures 22. write a c-function for dequeue operation?

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