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1 Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. World History Cultural Interactions and Changes Blizzard Bag Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer famous for sailing around the Cape of Good Hope and reaching India in Da Gama s voyage motivated Portugal to send more expeditions to India, setting up colonies on the region s coast. The purpose of these colonies was to help Portugal dominate the spice trade, but they also created interaction between Portuguese colonists and Indian natives. Many of the colonists married natives, starting new families in India. 1. What made India significant to European colonists? A. It was considered a new world. B. It was geographically easy to defend. C. It had a small native population. D. It had access to valuable spices. 2. Which of the following describes the role of the shogun during the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan? A. He was a military leader who ruled all of Japan. B. He was elected by citizens to serve a four year term as president. C. He was a monarch who held a symbolic role and had no political power. D. He was a powerful landowner who controlled all farming in Japan. 3. Which of these people was a Spanish missionary who spoke out against the Spanish mistreatment of the Native Americans? A. Bartolomé de las Casas B. Hernando de Soto C. Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca D. Juan Ponce de León

2 4. Which of the following best completes the diagram? A. Mass emigration to Europe and Africa B. Numerous natural disasters C. Exposure to European diseases D. Widespread famine and starvation 5. Which of the following statements best completes the diagram? A. The Spanish and Portuguese became less interested in their American colonies. B. African slaves were brought to the Americas due to labor shortages. C. The Native Americans became more dominant over the Europeans. D. The Spanish and the Portuguese made an effort to preserve native cultures.

3 6. The map above shows the flow of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas known as the Triangular Trade. Which conclusion can be drawn from the map? A. Europe imported many manufactured goods from Africa. B. African countries imported a large amount of crops from the Americas. C. North America became a manufacturing center due to slave labor. D. Economic activities in these places were interdependent. 7. What was the effect of the encomienda system on Native Americans living in Spanish colonies? A. They benefited from the increased food production on the plantations. B. Many Native Americans were able to earn enough money to buy their own farms. C. They were forced to work in gold or silver mines or on plantations. D. Native Americans had the same rights and privileges as the Spanish colonists. 8. The daimyos were a class of nobles who owned large estates in Japan. Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu set up a system called sankin-kotai in which he required all daimyos to spend every other year in Edo serving the shogun. What was a result of the sankin-kotaisystem? A. The daimyos' power was reduced. B. The daimyos lost control of all of their land. C. The daimyos became the equals of the shogun. D. The daimyos' power was absolute and unquestioned.

4 9. In the Spanish colonies of North and South America, the encomienda system was used as a way to divide control of land among Spanish colonists. How did a colonist gain control of land under the encomienda system? A. A colonist claimed a piece of land if he was the first person to set foot on it. B. A colonist could purchase land by being the highest bidder in an auction. C. A colonist was granted a piece of land and a group of Native Americans to work it. D. A colonist acquired a piece of land by winning it in a lottery system. 10. The Mughal Empire attempted to unify the Indian subcontinent with a centralized governing system. The emperor gave titles of nobility and land grants to individuals, making each a local leader of his province. The nobles in return would pay a tax to the emperor. This nobility was not hereditary; if a local leader died, the emperor would name another person to take that noble's place. Which of these was an effect of Mughal nobility not being hereditary? A. Local leaders had little control over the areas that they ruled. B. Local leaders were less influenced by religious teachings. C. Local leaders relied more on the emperor for their authority. D. Local leaders were more likely to unite against the emperor. 11. Mercantilism was an economic system developed by European countries in the 16 th century. One of the basic principles of mercantilism was that countries needed to have wealth in order to have power. What role did slavery play in the mercantile system? A. Slave labor made it possible for industrialization to take place in Europe. B. Europeans found that slave labor was quite inefficient and not profitable. C. Slave labor enabled European countries to earn huge profits on crops grown in the Americas. D. European countries spent all of their wealth on slaves, and their power diminished.

5 12. By looking at the map above, what can be said of colonial South America? A. Spain was the only country that was able to establish colonies in South America. B. Several European countries established colonies in South America. C. The Inca Empire coexisted with European colonies in South America for several centuries. D. The British and the French were the dominant colonial powers in South America. 13. Why did Portugal have control of Brazil as a colony? A. The first Portuguese settlements in Brazil were east of the Tordesillas line. B. The colony of Brazil was near Portugal's colonies in North America. C. The native Brazilians chose the Portuguese to govern them. D. Portugal acquired Brazil after defeating Spain in a war.

6 Atlantic Slave Trade: Millions of slaves were brought from Africa to North and South America to perform labor. Which of the following was one of the jobs that many slaves performed in the Americas? A. They worked as artists. B. They worked as merchants. C. They worked on plantations. D. They worked for colonial armies. 15. By looking at the map above, which of the following conclusions can be made? A. Slaves would work in the Americas for a few years and then go back to Africa. B. Many Africans came to the Americas as slaves because they thought it was a good opportunity. C. Millions of Africans were brought as slaves to North and South America. D. European slaves were more desired in the Americas than African slaves.

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